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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649181/minor-neurological-dysfunctions-mnds-in-autistic-children-without-intellectual-disability
#1
Gabriele Tripi, Sylvie Roux, Marco Carotenuto, Frédérique Bonnet-Brilhault, Michele Roccella
BACKGROUND: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) require neurological evaluation to detect sensory-motor impairment. This will improve understanding of brain function in children with ASD, in terms of minor neurological dysfunctions (MNDs). METHODS: We compared 32 ASD children without intellectual disability (IQ ≥ 70) with 32 healthy controls. A standardized and age-specific neurological examination according to Touwen was used to detect the presence of MNDs...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605507/developmental-dysgraphia-is-often-associated-with-minor-neurological-dysfunction-in-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-dcd
#2
Clémence Lopez, Cherhazad Hemimou, Bernard Golse, Laurence Vaivre-Douret
OBJECTIVES: Children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) are particularly affected by handwriting disorders, which remain poorly understood and are not clearly defined. The aim of our study is to provide a better understanding of handwriting disorders, and specifically of dysgraphia in children with DCD. METHODS: Sixty-five children with DCD (5-15 years), enrolled according to DSM-5, were assessed with handwriting testing and standardized assessments of neuropsychological, neurovisual, MRI and neuropsychomotor functions, with special attention paid to muscular tone examination...
March 28, 2018: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605429/dysfunction-of-nav1-4-a-skeletal-muscle-voltage-gated-sodium-channel-in-sudden-infant-death-syndrome-a-case-control-study
#3
Roope Männikkö, Leonie Wong, David J Tester, Michael G Thor, Richa Sud, Dimitri M Kullmann, Mary G Sweeney, Costin Leu, Sanjay M Sisodiya, David R FitzPatrick, Margaret J Evans, Iona J M Jeffrey, Jacob Tfelt-Hansen, Marta C Cohen, Peter J Fleming, Amie Jaye, Michael A Simpson, Michael J Ackerman, Michael G Hanna, Elijah R Behr, Emma Matthews
BACKGROUND: Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the leading cause of post-neonatal infant death in high-income countries. Central respiratory system dysfunction seems to contribute to these deaths. Excitation that drives contraction of skeletal respiratory muscles is controlled by the sodium channel NaV1.4, which is encoded by the gene SCN4A. Variants in NaV1.4 that directly alter skeletal muscle excitability can cause myotonia, periodic paralysis, congenital myopathy, and myasthenic syndrome...
March 28, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573402/minor-neurological-dysfunction-and-associations-with-motor-function-general-cognitive-abilities-and-behaviour-in-children-born-extremely-preterm
#4
Lina Broström, Brigitte Vollmer, Jenny Bolk, Eva Eklöf, Ulrika Ådén
AIM: To study the prevalence of minor neurological dysfunction (MND) at 6 years of age in a cohort of children born extremely preterm without cerebral palsy (CP) and to investigate associations with motor function, cognitive abilities, and behaviour. METHOD: This study assessed 80 children born at less than 27 weeks of gestation and 90 children born at term age between 2004 and 2007 at a mean age of 6 years 6 months. The assessments included a simplified version of the Touwen Infant Neurological Examination, the Movement Assessment Battery for Children, Second Edition (MABC-2), Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Fourth Edition (WISC-IV), the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), and the parent version of the Five to Fifteen questionnaire...
March 24, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455487/-french-door-segmented-laminectomy-decompression-for-severe-cervical-ossification-of-posterior-longitudinal-ligament-complicated-with-spinal-cord-injury
#5
Wei-Yu Jiang, Wei-Hu Ma, Yong-Jie Gu, Liu-Jun Zhao, Xu-Dong Hu, Liang Yu, Chao-Yue Ruan, Yun-Lin Chen, Yue-Ling Feng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical effects of French door segmented laminectomy decompression for severe cervical OPLL complicated with spinal cord injury. METHODS: The clinical data of 38 patients with serious cervical OPLL complicated with spinal cord injury were retrospectively analyzed and these patients were treated with French door segmented laminectomy decompression and internal fixation from June 2012 to June 2014. There were 25 males and 13 females, aged from 42 to 78 years with an average of 58...
September 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446651/mild-traumatic-brain-injury-evaluation-of-olfactory-dysfunction-and-clinical-neurological-characteristics
#6
Andrea Ciofalo, Marco De Vincentiis, Giannicola Iannella, Giampietro Zambetti, Paola Giacomello, Giancarlo Altissimi, Antonio Greco, Massimo Fusconi, Benedetta Pasquariello, Giuseppe Magliulo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate olfactory function and clinical-neurological characteristics in a group of patients with mild head trauma. METHODS: A total of 352 patients with MTBI underwent olfactory function evaluation. The site of head trauma, loss of consciousness <20 min, memory loss, subjective presence or absence of olfaction and other clinical, neurological and radiological aspects were evaluated and compared with the olfactory dysfunction. RESULTS: A total of 33...
February 15, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390217/-female-stress-incontinence-aspects-of-pathogenesis-and-functional-anatomy
#7
Annette Kohler, Ruth Kirschner-Hermanns, Manfred Staat, Bernhard Brehmer
This article focuses on female stress incontinence in the form of pelvic floor dysfunction and urethral sphincter deficiency, although isolated stress incontinence accounts for less than half of all incontinence cases. Especially in women of old age and those with neurological comorbidities, the causes of incontinence are mostly multifactorial. Also it has to be considered that the female bladder, urethra, uterus and rectum as well as the muscular and ligamentous structures of the female pelvis minor are affected by phases of fertility, possible pregnancies, births and menopause in addition to the normal ageing process...
February 2018: Aktuelle Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274753/multiple-sclerosis-re-examined-essential-and-emerging-clinical-concepts
#8
REVIEW
Jonathan Zurawski, James Stankiewicz
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune disease of the central nervous system characterized by exacerbations of neurological dysfunction due to inflammatory demyelination. Neurologic symptoms typically present in young adulthood and vary based on the site of inflammation, although weakness, sensory impairment, brainstem dysfunction, and vision loss are common. MS occurs more frequently in women and its development is complex-genetics, hormones, geography, vitamin D, and viral exposure all play roles...
December 21, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260041/cognitive-functions-in-newly-diagnosed-patients-with-hiv-infection-in-a-tertiary-health-facility-assessment-using-community-screening-interview-for-dementia
#9
T A Sumonu, F Imarhiagbe, L F Owolabi, O A Ogunrin, M A Komolafe, O S Ilesanmi
Introduction: Neurocognitive dysfunction is a detrimental complication of HIV infection. In this study we attempt to characterize the pattern of cognitive dysfunction in a sample of Nigerian patients with newly diagnosed HIV infection. Methods: We conducted a prospective study in which 50 patients with newly diagnosed HIV infection were studied along with 50 normal control subjects. The participants were evaluated with the medical history, general, physical and neurological examination...
December 2017: ENeurologicalSci
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259541/connexin43-containing-gap-junction-channels-facilitate-hiv-bystander-toxicity-implications-in-neurohiv
#10
Shaily Malik, Martin Theis, Eliseo A Eugenin
Human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) infection compromises the central nervous system (CNS) in a significant number of infected individuals, resulting in neurological dysfunction that ranges from minor cognitive deficits to frank dementia. While macrophages/microglia are the predominant CNS cells infected by HIV, our laboratory and others have shown that HIV-infected astrocytes, although present in relatively low numbers with minimal to undetectable viral replication, play key role in NeuroAIDS pathogenesis...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136227/developmental-outcome-of-9-year-old-children-born-after-pgs-follow-up-of-a-randomized-trial
#11
Derk Kuiper, Anne Bennema, Sacha la Bastide-van Gemert, Jorien Seggers, Pamela Schendelaar, Sebastiaan Mastenbroek, Annemieke Hoek, Maas Jan Heineman, Tessa J Roseboom, Joke H Kok, Mijna Hadders-Algra
STUDY QUESTION: Does Day-3 cleavage-stage PGS affect neurodevelopment of 9-year-old IVF offspring? SUMMARY ANSWER: We did not find evidence of adverse consequences of Day-3 cleavage-stage PGS on neurodevelopment of 9-year-old IVF offspring, although children born after IVF with or without PGS often had a non-optimal neurological condition. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Knowledge on long-term sequelae for development and health of children born following PGS is lacking...
January 1, 2018: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135883/an-analysis-of-the-incidence-and-outcomes-of-major-vs-minor-neurological-decline-after-complex-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery-a-sub-analysis-of-scoli-risk-1-study
#12
So Kato, Michael G Fehlings, Stephen J Lewis, Lawrence G Lenke, Christopher I Shaffrey, Kenneth M C Cheung, Leah Carreon, Mark B Dekutoski, Frank J Schwab, Oheneba Boachie-Adjei, Khaled M Kebaish, Christopher P Ames, Yong Qiu, Yukihiro Matsuyama, Benny T Dahl, Hossein Mehdian, Ferran Pellisé, Sigurd H Berven
STUDY DESIGN: A sub-analysis from a prospective, multicenter, international cohort study in 15 sites (Scoli-RISK-1). OBJECTIVE: To report detailed information regarding the severity of neurological decline related to complex adult spine deformity (ASD) surgery and to examine outcomes based on severity. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The basis of post-operative neurological decline after ASD surgeries can occur due to nerve root(s) or spinal cord dysfunction...
November 10, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092871/heart-transplant-outcomes-in-patients-with-pretransplant-diabetes-mellitus
#13
Anne Jalowiec, Kathleen L Grady, Connie White-Williams
BACKGROUND: Findings on outcomes of heart transplant patients who had diabetes mellitus before transplant are conflicting. OBJECTIVE: To compare survival, hospitalization, and complications in heart transplant recipients during the first 3 years after surgery in recipients with or without diabetes mellitus before transplant. METHODS: Of 347 recipients, 64 were diabetic (35.9% taking insulin; mean age 56 years; 17.2% females; 12.5% minorities) and 283 were not (mean age 51 years; 20...
November 2017: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064794/-role-of-c-70g-single-nucleotide-polymorphism-of-endothelin-receptor-a-gene-in-the-development-of-ischemic-atherothrombotic-stroke
#14
Tetiana B Oleshko, Olha A Obukhova, Tetiana M Oleshko, Olha I Matlai, Dmitriy D Sotnikov, Viktoriia Yu Harbuzova
INTRODUCTION: Endothelial dysfunction is the basic pathogenic development mechanism of ischemic atherothrombotic stroke (IAS). One of the reasons for changes of endothelin structure and properties and its receptor can be genetic polymorphism of their genes. AIM: Study of C+70G polymorphic variant associations of endothelin receptor A gene (EDNRA) with IAS development became the goal of research. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Venous blood of 170 patients with IAS and 124 persons without cerebrovascular pathology was used for the research...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020717/ulnar-nerve-injury-on-removal-of-a-contraceptive-implant
#15
Eva E O'Grady, Dominic M Power
The close proximity of contraceptive implant placement to the course of the ulnar nerve can result in injury. Several factors have been implicated in this complication including: low BMI, erroneous placement of the implant, implantation over the brachial groove, and migration of the implant from its original insertion. Clinicians should familiarise themselves with the vulnerable neurovascular structures in the area and refer promptly to a specialist if any neurological symptoms develop during placement or removal of these devices...
December 2016: Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016856/neuronal-overexpression-of-ube3a-isoform-2-causes-behavioral-impairments-and-neuroanatomical-pathology-relevant-to-15q11-2-q13-3-duplication-syndrome
#16
Nycole A Copping, Sarah G B Christian, Dylan J Ritter, M Saharul Islam, Nathalie Buscher, Dorota Zolkowska, Michael C Pride, Elizabeth L Berg, Janine M LaSalle, Jacob Ellegood, Jason P Lerch, Lawrence T Reiter, Jill L Silverman, Scott V Dindot
Maternally derived copy number gains of human chromosome 15q11.2-q13.3 (Dup15q syndrome or Dup15q) cause intellectual disability, epilepsy, developmental delay, hypotonia, speech impairments, and minor dysmorphic features. Dup15q syndrome is one of the most common and penetrant chromosomal abnormalities observed in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Although ∼40 genes are located in the 15q11.2-q13.3 region, overexpression of the ubiquitin-protein E3A ligase (UBE3A) gene is thought to be the predominant molecular cause of the phenotypes observed in Dup15q syndrome...
October 15, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922960/cognitive-performance-in-transient-global-hypoxic-brain-injury-due-to-moderate-drowning
#17
Mariana Penteado Nucci, Katerina Lukasova, Gilson Vieira, João Ricardo Sato, Edson Amaro Júnior
INTRODUCTION: Drowning is a serious and frequently neglected public health threat. Primary respiratory impairment after submersion often leads to brain dysfunction. Depending on the period of global hypoxia (respiratory failure), clinical aspects of neurological dysfunction are evident on the first evaluation after the water rescue. Nowadays, many neuropsychological assessments after drowning are inconclusive, with some studies reporting only minor neurological or cognitive impairments...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913489/cerebral-salt-wasting-syndrome-in-patients-with-minor-head-trauma-two-case-reports
#18
Gabriela Csipak, Natalia Hagau
We describe two polytrauma patients without severe head trauma who developed Cerebral Salt Wasting Syndrome (CSWS) during their stay in our ICU with natriuresis, hyponatremia and hypovolemia. Hyponatremia encountered in CSWS and the syndrome of inadequate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) is a common electrolyte finding in patients with severe head trauma, subarachnoid hemorrhage, malignancy and infections of the central nervous system. CSWS was an unexpected electrolyte finding in our patients with minor head trauma without neurological or neurosurgical problems...
October 2016: Romanian Journal of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660303/the-role-of-eeg-recordings-in-children-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-for-congenital-heart-disease
#19
Sascha Meyer, Martin Poryo, Mohammed Shatat, Ludwig Gortner, Hashim Abdul-Khaliq
BACKGROUND: Neurological dysfunction may occur after corrective cardiac surgery using cardio-pulmonary bypass (CPB) with or without circulatory arrest. Different neurophysiological monitoring systems have been employed to detect neurological complications and possible brain injury in infants and children during and after cardiac surgery. The value of Elecetroencephalogram (EEG) in infants and children at risk for neurological sequelae has not been systematically studied. METHODS: Sequential performance of two EEGs before and after cardiac surgery at a tertiary University Hospital to screen for possible brain injury after cardiac surgery in neonates and children undergoing CPB surgery...
September 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645047/neurological-condition-assessed-with-the-hempel-examination-and-cognition-and-behaviour-at-4years
#20
Pamela Schendelaar, Jorien Seggers, Maas Jan Heineman, Mijna Hadders-Algra
AIM: To investigate associations between neurological condition, assessed with the Hempel examination, in terms of minor neurological dysfunction (MND) and neurological optimality, and cognition and behaviour at 4years. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analyses within a prospective, assessor-blinded follow-up study. SUBJECTS: Four-year-old singletons born to subfertile parents (n=235; 120 boys). OUTCOME MEASURES: Outcome parameters were complex minor neurological dysfunction (complex MND) and the neurological optimality score (NOS)...
September 2017: Early Human Development
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