Read by QxMD icon Read


Silvia Primativo, Keir X X Yong, Timothy J Shakespeare, Sebastian J Crutch
Spelling is a complex cognitive task where central and peripheral components are involved in engaging resources from many different cognitive processes. The present paper aims to both characterize the oral spelling deficit in a population of patients affected by a neurodegenerative condition and to clarify the nature of the graphemic representation within the currently available spelling models. Indeed, the nature of graphemic representation as a linear or multi-componential structure is still debated. Different hypotheses have been raised about its nature in the orthographic lexicon, with one positing that graphemes are complex objects whereby quantity and identity are separately represented in orthographic representations and can thus be selectively impaired...
January 8, 2017: Neuropsychologia
Liina Kuuluvainen, Minna Pöyhönen, Petra Pasanen, Maija Siitonen, Jaana Rummukainen, Pentti J Tienari, Anders Paetau, Liisa Myllykangas
Mutations in the progranulin (GRN) gene represent about 5-10% of frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). We describe a proband with a novel GRN mutation c.687T>A, p.(Tyr229*), presenting with dyspraxia, dysgraphia, and dysphasia at the age of 60 and a very severe FTLD neuropathological phenotype with TDP43 inclusions. The nephew of the proband had signs of dementia and personality changes at the age of 60 and showed similar but milder FTLD pathology. Three other family members had had early-onset dementia...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Lindsey Thiel, Karen Sage, Paul Conroy
BACKGROUND: Improving email writing in people with aphasia could enhance their ability to communicate, promote interaction and reduce isolation. Spelling therapies have been effective in improving single-word writing. However, there has been limited evidence on how to achieve changes to everyday writing tasks such as email writing in people with aphasia. One potential area that has been largely unexplored in the literature is the potential use of assistive writing technologies, despite some initial evidence that assistive writing software use can lead to qualitative and quantitative improvements to spontaneous writing...
June 14, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Samrah Ahmed, Ian Baker, Sian Thompson, Masud Husain, Christopher R Butler
INTRODUCTION: Existing literature suggests that the presence or absence of apraxia and associated parietal deficits may be clinically relevant in differential diagnosis of dementia syndromes. AIM: This study investigated the profile of these features in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD) spectrum disorders, at first presentation. METHODS: Retrospective case note analysis was undertaken in 111 patients who presented to the Oxford Cognitive Disorders Clinic, Oxford, UK, including 29 amnestic AD, 12 posterior cortical atrophy (PCA), 12 logopenic primary progressive aphasia (lvPPA), 20 behavioural variant FTD (bvFTD), 7 non-fluent variant PPA (nfvPPA), 6 semantic variant PPA (svPPA) and 25 patients with subjective cognitive impairment (SCI)...
November 2016: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
Emanuela Onofri, Marco Mercuri, Trevor Archer, Max Rapp-Ricciardi, Serafino Ricci
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients to express intentions and desires, and their decision-making capacity. This study examines the findings from a 6-month follow-up of our previous results in which 30 patients participated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The patient's cognition was examined by conducting the tests of 14 questions and letter-writing ability over a period of 19 days, and it was repeated after 6 months...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Claire M Fletcher-Flinn
This is a case study of an adolescent who had largely overcome his early difficulty in learning to read, but continued to have severe problems with spelling. He had no visual memory impairment, and his letter-sound knowledge and phonemic awareness were at adult levels. Testing revealed that his difficulties in both reading and spelling only manifested when processing unfamiliar words. He was slow and inaccurate when reading non-words, despite a sublexical system dominated by the use of grapheme-phoneme units...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Matteo Chiappedi, Elisabetta DE Bernardi, Rossella Togni, Ilaria C Baschenis, Laura Nonini, Umberto Balottin, Maurizio Bejor
AIM: Writing ability requires to use and control several processes of visual and phonological information processing and an adequate programming and coordination of motor sequences. We studied a writing precursor gesture in children with Developmental Dysorthography and/or Developmental Dysgraphia in order to point out anomalies to be treated with specific rehabilitative interventions. METHODS: 25 children affected by Developmental Dysortography (ICD 9 CM: 315.09; ICD 10: F81...
February 19, 2016: Minerva Pediatrica
Steven Tanimoto, Rob Thompson, Virginia W Berninger, William Nagy, Robert D Abbott
Computer scientists and educational researchers evaluated effectiveness of computerized instruction tailored to evidence-based impairments in specific learning disabilities (SLDs) in students in grades 4 to 9 with persisting SLDs despite prior extra help. Following comprehensive, evidence-based differential diagnosis for dysgraphia (impaired handwriting), dyslexia (impaired word reading and spelling), and oral and written language learning disability (OWL LD), students completed 18 sessions of computerized instruction over about 3 months...
December 1, 2015: Journal of Computer Assisted Learning
M Gentili, P M Marinaccio, C Galimberti, C Carnovale, S Antoniazzi, M Pozzi, E Clementi, C Viganò, S Radice
WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVES: The occurrence of dysgraphia after sertraline intake has never been reported. The objective was to describe a case of this adverse drug reaction and present a review of similar cases held in international databases with a discussion of the possible pharmacological mechanisms. CASE SUMMARY: We observed a 60-year-old man who experienced resting tremors, dyskinesia and dysgraphia 2 months after a stepwise increase in sertraline dosing from 50 to 200 mg/day...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics
Virginia Berninger, Robert Abbott, Clayton R Cook, William Nagy
Relationships between attention/executive functions and language learning were investigated in students in Grades 4 to 9 (N = 88) with and without specific learning disabilities (SLDs) in multiword syntax in oral and written language (OWL LD), word reading and spelling (dyslexia), and subword letter writing (dysgraphia). Prior attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) diagnosis was correlated only with impaired handwriting. Parental ratings of inattention, but not hyperactivity, correlated with measures of written language but not oral language...
January 8, 2016: Journal of Learning Disabilities
Brenda Rapp, Jeremy Purcell, Argye E Hillis, Rita Capasso, Gabriele Miceli
Spelling a word involves the retrieval of information about the word's letters and their order from long-term memory as well as the maintenance and processing of this information by working memory in preparation for serial production by the motor system. While it is known that brain lesions may selectively affect orthographic long-term memory and working memory processes, relatively little is known about the neurotopographic distribution of the substrates that support these cognitive processes, or the lesions that give rise to the distinct forms of dysgraphia that affect these cognitive processes...
February 2016: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Barbara Tomasino, Dario Marin, Marta Maieron, Serena D'Agostini, Franco Fabbro, Miran Skrap, Claudio Luzzatti
Neuropsychological data about acquired impairments in reading and writing provide a strong basis for the theoretical framework of the dual-route models. The present study explored the functional neuroanatomy of the reading and spelling processing system. We describe the reading and writing performance of patient CF, an Italian native speaker who developed an extremely selective reading and spelling deficit (his spontaneous speech, oral comprehension, repetition and oral picture naming were almost unimpaired) in processing double letters associated with surface dyslexia and dysgraphia, following a tumor in the left temporal lobe...
December 2015: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
C Rigoldi, M Galli, C Celletti, D Blow, F Camerota, G Albertini
PURPOSE: This paper is a first attempt analysis of hand and upper limb proprioception coordination induced by NeuroMuscular Taping (NMT): application in a group of 5 participants with Down syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The participants underwent a drawing test with motion capture system acquisition before and after NMT application. Specific and descriptive parameters were computed and analysed in order to quantify the differences. RESULTS: Results showed statistical differences between pre and post treatment sessions: the 5 participants with Down syndrome evidenced more reliance on proprioceptive signals in the post treatment session during the execution of the specific writing tasks...
2015: La Clinica Terapeutica
Virginia W Berninger, Todd Richards, Robert D Abbott
In Study 1, children in grades 4 to 9 (N= 88, 29 females and 59 males) with persisting reading and/or writing disabilities, despite considerable prior specialized instruction in and out of school, were given an evidence-based comprehensive assessment battery at the university while parents completed questionnaires regarding past and current history of language learning and other difficulties. Profiles (patterns) of normed measures for different levels of oral and written language used to categorize participants into diagnostic groups for dysgraphia (impaired subword handwriting) (n=26), dyslexia (impaired word spelling and reading) (n=38), or oral and written language learning disability OWL LD (impaired oral and written syntax comprehension and expression) (n=13) or control oral and written language learners (OWLs) without SLDs (n=11) were consistent withreported history...
October 2015: Reading and Writing
Renzo Guerrini, Federico Melani, Claudia Brancati, Anna Rita Ferrari, Paola Brovedani, Annibale Biggeri, Laura Grisotto, Simona Pellacani
BACKGROUND: Absence epilepsy (AE) is etiologically heterogeneous and has at times been associated with idiopathic dystonia. OBJECTIVES: Based on the clinical observation that children with AE often exhibit, interictally, a disorder resembling writer's cramp but fully definable as dysgraphia, we tested the hypothesis that in this particular population dysgraphia would represent a subtle expression of dystonia. METHODS: We ascertained the prevalence of dysgraphia in 82 children with AE (mean age 9...
2015: PloS One
Natália Fusco, Giseli Donadon Germano, Simone Aparecida Capellini
PURPOSE: To verify the efficacy of a perceptual and visual-motor skill intervention program for students with dyslexia. METHODS: The participants were 20 students from third to fifth grade of a public elementary school in Marília, São Paulo, aged from 8 years to 11 years and 11 months, distributed into the following groups: Group I (GI; 10 students with developmental dyslexia) and Group II (GII; 10 students with good academic performance). A perceptual and visual-motor intervention program was applied, which comprised exercises for visual-motor coordination, visual discrimination, visual memory, visual-spatial relationship, shape constancy, sequential memory, visual figure-ground coordination, and visual closure...
March 2015: CoDAS
T L Richards, T J Grabowski, P Boord, K Yagle, M Askren, Z Mestre, P Robinson, O Welker, D Gulliford, W Nagy, V Berninger
Based on comprehensive testing and educational history, children in grades 4-9 (on average 12 years) were diagnosed with dysgraphia (persisting handwriting impairment) or dyslexia (persisting word spelling/reading impairment) or as typical writers and readers (controls). The dysgraphia group (n = 14) and dyslexia group (n = 17) were each compared to the control group (n = 9) and to each other in separate analyses. Four brain region seed points (left occipital temporal gyrus, supramarginal gyrus, precuneus, and inferior frontal gyrus) were used in these analyses which were shown in a metaanalysis to be related to written word production on four indicators of white matter integrity and fMRI functional connectivity for four tasks (self-guided mind wandering during resting state, writing letter that follows a visually displayed letter in alphabet, writing missing letter to create a correctly spelled real word, and planning for composing after scanning on topic specified by researcher)...
2015: NeuroImage: Clinical
Jérémy Danna, Vietminh Paz-Villagrán, Charles Gondre, Mitsuko Aramaki, Richard Kronland-Martinet, Sølvi Ystad, Jean-Luc Velay
The quality of handwriting is evaluated from the visual inspection of its legibility and not from the movement that generates the trace. Although handwriting is achieved in silence, adding sounds to handwriting movement might help towards its perception, provided that these sounds are meaningful. This study evaluated the ability to judge handwriting quality from the auditory perception of the underlying sonified movement, without seeing the written trace. In a first experiment, samples of a word written by children with dysgraphia, proficient children writers, and proficient adult writers were collected with a graphic tablet...
2015: PloS One
Elena Pagliarini, Maria Teresa Guasti, Carlo Toneatto, Elisa Granocchio, Federica Riva, Daniela Sarti, Bruna Molteni, Natale Stucchi
In this study, we sought to demonstrate that deficits in a specific motor activity, handwriting, are associated to Developmental Dyslexia. The linguistic and writing performance of children with Developmental Dyslexia, with and without handwriting problems (dysgraphia), were compared to that of children with Typical Development. The quantitative kinematic variables of handwriting were collected by means of a digitizing tablet. The results showed that all children with Developmental Dyslexia wrote more slowly than those with Typical Development...
August 2015: Human Movement Science
Zachary Alstad, Elizabeth Sanders, Robert D Abbott, Anna L Barnett, Sheila E Henderson, Vincent Connelly, Virginia W Berninger
Although handwriting is typically taught during early childhood and keyboarding may not be taught explicitly, both may be relevant to writing development in the later grades. Thus, Study 1 investigated automatic production of the ordered alphabet from memory for manuscript (unjoined), cursive (joined), and keyboard letter modes (alphabet 15 sec) and their relationships with each other and spelling and composing in typically developing writers in grades 4 to 7 (N = 113). Study 2 compared students with dysgraphia (impaired handwriting, n=27), dyslexia (impaired word spelling, n=40), or oral and written language learning disability (OWL LD) (impaired syntax composing, n=11) or controls without specific writing disabilities (n=10) in grades 4 to 9 (N=88) on the same alphabet 15 modes, manner of copying (best or fast), spelling, and sentence composing...
February 2015: Journal of Writing Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"