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Eduardo Espiritu, Tien Le Olson, JoAnn C Williams, James P Allen
The ability of an artificial four-helix bundle Mn-protein, P1, to bind and transfer an electron to photosynthetic reaction centers from the purple bacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides was characterized using optical spectroscopy. Upon illumination of reaction centers, an electron is transferred from P, the bacteriochlorophyll dimer, to QA, the primary electron acceptor. The P1 Mn-protein can bind to the reaction center and reduce the oxidized bacteriochlorophyll dimer, P+, with a dissociation constant of 1.2 µM at pH 9...
November 13, 2017: Biochemistry
Chengcheng Hu, Sing-Ying Choy, Apostolos Giannis
Fluorescent and incandescent lighting systems were applied for batch photofermentative hydrogen production by four purple non-sulfur photosynthetic bacteria (PNSB). The hydrogen production efficiency of Rhodopseudomonas palustris, Rhodobacter sphaeroides, Rhodobacter capsulatus, and Rhodospirillum rubrum was evaluated using different carbon sources (acetate, butyrate, lactate, and malate). Incandescent light was found to be more effective for bacteria cell growth and hydrogen production. It was observed that PNSB followed substrate selection criteria for hydrogen production...
November 10, 2017: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Philip J Jackson, Andrew Hitchcock, David J K Swainsbury, Pu Qian, Elizabeth C Martin, David A Farmer, Mark J Dickman, Daniel P Canniffe, C Neil Hunter
The X-ray crystal structure of the Rhodopseudomonas (Rps.) palustris reaction center-light harvesting 1 (RC-LH1) core complex revealed the presence of a sixth protein component, variably referred to in the literature as helix W, subunit W or protein W. The position of this protein prevents closure of the LH1 ring, possibly to allow diffusion of ubiquinone/ubiquinol between the RC and the cytochrome bc1 complex in analogous fashion to the well-studied PufX protein from Rhodobacter sphaeroides. The identity and function of helix W have remained unknown for over 13 years; here we use a combination of biochemistry, mass spectrometry, molecular genetics and electron microscopy to identify this protein as RPA4402 in Rps...
November 7, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Zhengliang Qi, Zhangliang Zhu, Jian-Wen Wang, Songtao Li, Qianqian Guo, Panpan Xu, Fuping Lu, Hui-Min Qin
BACKGROUND: D-Tagatose 3-epimerase epimerizes D-fructose to yield D-psicose, which is a rare sugar that exists in small quantities in nature and is difficult to synthesize chemically. We aim to explore potential industrial biocatalysts for commercial-scale manufacture of this rare sugar. A D-tagatose 3-epimerase from Rhodobacter sphaeroides (RsDTE) has recently been identified as a D-tagatose 3-epimerase that can epimerize D-fructose to yield D-psicose with a high conversion rate. RESULTS: The purified RsDTE by Ni-affinity chromatography, ionic exchange chromatography and gel filtration forms a tetramer in solution...
November 9, 2017: Microbial Cell Factories
Joseph E Kumka, Heidi Schindel, Mingxu Fang, Sebastien Zappa, Carl E Bauer
Anoxygenicphotosynthetic prokaryotes have simplified photosystems that represent ancient lineages that predate the more complex oxygen evolving photosystems present in cyanobacteria and chloroplasts. These organisms thrive under illuminated anaerobic photosynthetic conditions, but also have the ability to grow under dark aerobic respiratory conditions. This study provides a detailed snapshot of transcription ground states of both dark aerobic and anaerobic photosynthetic growth modes in the purple photosynthetic bacterium Rhodobactercapsulatus...
September 2017: Microbial Genomics
Carmen L Krüger, Marie-Theres Zeuner, Graeme S Cottrell, Darius Widera, Mike Heilemann
In humans, invading pathogens are recognized by Toll-like receptors (TLRs). Upon recognition of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) derived from the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria, TLR4 dimerizes and can stimulate two different signaling pathways, the proinflammatory, MyD88-dependent pathway and the antiviral, MyD88-independent pathway. The balance between these two pathways is ligand-dependent, and ligand composition determines whether the invading pathogen activates or evades the host immune response. We investigated the dimerization behavior of TLR4 in intact cells in response to different LPS chemotypes through quantitative single-molecule localization microscopy...
October 31, 2017: Science Signaling
Hendrik Mohrmann, Jovan Dragelj, Federico Baserga, Ernst-Walter Knapp, Sven T Stripp, Joachim Heberle
Cytochrome c oxidase (CcO) is a membrane protein of the respiratory chain that catalytically reduces molecular oxygen (O2) to water while translocating protons across the membrane. The enzyme hosts two copper and two heme iron moieties (heme a/heme a3). The atomic details of the sequential steps that go along with this redox-driven proton translocation are a matter of debate. Particularly for the reductive phase of CcO that precedes oxygen binding experimental data are scarce. Here, we use CcO under anaerobic conditions where carbon monoxide (CO) is bound to heme a3 which in tandem with CuB forms the binuclear center (BNC)...
October 25, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Peter D Dahlberg, Po-Chieh Ting, Sara C Massey, Marco A Allodi, Elizabeth C Martin, C Neil Hunter, Gregory S Engel
Photosynthesis transfers energy efficiently through a series of antenna complexes to the reaction center where charge separation occurs. Energy transfer in vivo is primarily monitored by measuring fluorescence signals from the small fraction of excitations that fail to result in charge separation. Here, we use two-dimensional electronic spectroscopy to follow the entire energy transfer process in a thriving culture of the purple bacteria, Rhodobacter sphaeroides. By removing contributions from scattered light, we extract the dynamics of energy transfer through the dense network of antenna complexes and into the reaction center...
October 17, 2017: Nature Communications
Alexander T Taguchi, Patrick J O'Malley, Colin A Wraight, Sergei A Dikanov
Determining the complete electron spin density distribution for protein-bound radicals, even with advanced pulsed electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) methods, is a formidable task. Here we present a strategy to overcome this problem combining multifrequency HYSCORE and ENDOR measurements on site-specifically (13)C-labeled samples with DFT calculations on model systems. As a demonstration of this approach, pulsed EPR experiments are performed on the primary QA and secondary QB ubisemiquinones of the photosynthetic reaction center from Rhodobacter sphaeroides (13)C-labeled at the ring and tail positions...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
Anna Nalepa, Marco Malferrari, Wolfgang Lubitz, Giovanni Venturoli, Klaus Möbius, Anton Savitsky
Using isotope labeled water (D2O and H2(17)O) and pulsed W-band (94 GHz) high-field multiresonance EPR spectroscopies, such as ELDOR-detected NMR and ENDOR, the biologically important question of detection and quantification of local water in proteins is addressed. A bacterial reaction center (bRC) from Rhodobacter sphaeroides R26 embedded into a trehalose glass matrix is used as a model system. The bRC hosts the two native radical cofactor ions (primary electron donor) and (primary electron acceptor) as well as an artificial nitroxide spin label site-specifically attached to the surface of the H-protein domain...
October 25, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Yuan Li, Shan Liu, Jun Zhu
Recombinant strains expressing enzymes for ATP regeneration and L-theanine production were constructed and used for the synthesis of L-theanine. The ppk gene encoding polyphosphate kinase (PPK) from Rhodobacter sphaeroides and gmas gene encoding γ-glutamylmethylamide synthetase (GMAS) from Methylovorus mays were synthesized, and two recombinant plasmids, pETDuet-ppk+gmas and pET21a-ppk+gmas were constructed for co-expression of PPK and GMAS in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). SDS-PAGE analysis showed that PPK and GMAS were overexpressed in soluble form in both recombinant strains...
December 25, 2016: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
Hyeonjun Kim, Xiaomeng Tong, Sungyoung Choi, Jeong K Lee
The intracytoplasmic membrane of Rhodobacter sphaeroides readily vesiculates when cells are lysed. The resulting chromatophore membrane vesicle (CMV) contains the photosynthetic machineries to synthesize ATP by ATPase. The light-dependent ATPase activity of CMV was lowered in the presence of O₂, but the activity increased to the level observed under anaerobic condition when the reaction mixture was supplemented with ascorbic acid (> or =0.5 mM). Cell lysis in the presence of biotinyl cap phospholipid (bcp) resulted in the incorporation of bcp into membrane to form biotinylated CMV (bCMV), which binds to streptavidin resin at a ratio of approximately 24 μg bacteriochlorophyll a/ml resin...
October 14, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Jack W Chidgey, Philip J Jackson, Mark J Dickman, C Neil Hunter
Facultative phototrophs such as Rhodobacter sphaeroides can switch between heterotrophic and photosynthetic growth. This transition is governed by oxygen tension and involves the large-scale production of bacteriochlorophyll, which shares a biosynthetic pathway with haem up to protoporphyrin IX. Here, the pathways diverge with the insertion of Fe(2+) or Mg(2+) into protoporphyrin by ferrochelatase or magnesium chelatase, respectively. Tight regulation of this branchpoint is essential, but the mechanisms for switching between respiratory and photosynthetic growth are poorly understood...
October 14, 2017: Molecular Microbiology
Tomohiro Miyoshi
Nucleic acid binding by the Argonaute protein is an important trigger step in the Argonaute-dependent gene silencing system. We established an in vitro method to detect the nucleic acid binding activity of the Argonaute protein by fluorescence polarization. In this chapter, we will describe the expression and purification of the prokaryotic (Rhodobacter sphaeroides) Argonaute protein, and the nucleic acid-binding analysis using a Fluorescence Polarization System (Beacon 2000).
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Haiyan Pei, Hangzhou Xu, Jingjing Wang, Yan Jin, Hongdi Xiao, Chunxia Ma, Jiongming Sun, Hongmin Li
This is the first study to systematically investigate the microbial community structure in cyanobacteria-laden drinking water sludge generated by different types of coagulants (including AlCl3, FeCl3, and polymeric aluminum ferric chloride (PAFC)) using Illumina 16S rRNA gene MiSeq sequencing. Results show that Cyanobacteria, Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, Bacteroidetes, Verrucomicrobia, and Planctomycetes were the most dominant phyla in sludge, and because of the toxicity of high Al and Fe level in AlCl3 and FeCl3 sludges, respectively, the PAFC sludge exhibited greater microbial richness than that in AlCl3 and FeCl3 sludges...
November 7, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
Sara H Sohail, Peter D Dahlberg, Marco A Allodi, Sara C Massey, Po-Chieh Ting, Elizabeth C Martin, C Neil Hunter, Gregory S Engel
In photosynthetic organisms, the pigment-protein complexes that comprise the light-harvesting antenna exhibit complex electronic structures and ultrafast dynamics due to the coupling among the chromophores. Here, we present absorptive two-dimensional (2D) electronic spectra from living cultures of the purple bacterium, Rhodobacter sphaeroides, acquired using gradient assisted photon echo spectroscopy. Diagonal slices through the 2D lineshape of the LH1 stimulated emission/ground state bleach feature reveal a resolvable higher energy population within the B875 manifold...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
A Pandey, A Pandey
In this study photo-hydrogen production from cheese whey dark fermentation (DF) effluent by the co-culture of Rhodobacter sphaeroides -NMBL-01 and Bacillus firmus - NMBL-03 has been reported. The effect of pH, initial chemical oxygen demand (COD) and the concentration effect of FeSO4.7H2O on photo-hydrogen production have been investigated. The end products of dark fermentation effluent of cheese whey were mainly comprised of soluble organic acids, i.e. butyric acid and lactic acid. The batch process was carried out under light intensity of 2...
July 31, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
A Pandey, S Dolly, D Semwal, A Pandey
Rhodobacter sphaeroides NMBL-02, photosynthetic purple non sulfur (PNS) bacteria and associated Bacillus firmus NMBL-03 were isolated from water sample collected from 15-20 inches beneath the surface of ponds from Northern region of India in modified Sistrom's media (120 ml) containing 3 g/L malate and 1.2 g/L ammonium sulfate. The isolation was done in air tight serum bottles (120 ml) under tungsten bulb (1.8 kLux light intensity) at 30 oC ± 2 oC. The PNS and heterotrophic bacteria associated with the culture was purified by clonal selection method and characterized by 16S rDNA sequencing...
July 31, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
Jie Kang, Huan Fang, Huina Dong, Wenjun Song, Dawei Zhang
Biosynthesis of vitamin B₁₂ (VB₁₂) requires the methylation at positions C-2 and C-7 of the precursor uroporphyrinogen Ⅲ (urogen Ⅲ) to precorrin-2 by S-adenosyl-L-methionine uroporphyrinogen Ⅲ methyltransferase (SUMT), which is a potential bottleneck step. Most of SUMTs are inhibited by urogen Ⅲ and by-product S-adenosyl-L-homocysteine (SAH). In order to mine an SUMT that lacks such an inhibitory property to drive greater flux through the VB₁₂ biosynthetic pathway, we cloned two SUMT genes (RCcobA1, RCcobA2) from Rhodobacter capsulatus SB1003 and expressed them in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3)...
January 25, 2017: Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao, Chinese Journal of Biotechnology
A G Yakovlev, V A Shuvalov
Energy relaxation was studied with difference femtosecond spectroscopy in reaction centers of the YM210L mutant of the purple photosynthetic bacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides at low temperature (90 K). A dynamical long-wavelength shift of stimulated emission of the excited state of the bacteriochlorophyll dimer P was found, which starts simultaneously with P* formation and is accompanied by a change in the spectral shape of this emission. The characteristic value of this shift was about 30 nm, and the characteristic time about 200 fs...
August 2017: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
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