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Nello Martiniello, Martina Stefanini, Giovanni Zucchelli
BACKGROUND: In clinical practice it is common to observe adjacent multiple gingival recessions (MGRs) associated with noncarious cervical lesions (NCCLs). The aim of this 2-year case report was to describe the full-mouth treatment of a patient affected by MGRs and NCCLs, with a combined restorative-surgical approach using a coronally advanced flap (CAF) and a xenogeneic collagen matrix (CM). METHOD: Before surgery, a composite restoration filled the deepest portion of the NCCL defects and was finished at the level of the maximum root coverage (MRC)...
2016: International Journal of Esthetic Dentistry
Kimberly-Anne Tan, Mathew D Sewell, Andrew J Clarke, Daniel Chan, Oliver M Stokes, Shahid N Khan, Michael Hutton
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: Pacemakers are currently identified as a contraindication for the use of magnetic growth rods (MGRs). This arises from concern that magnetic fields generated by the MGR external remote controller (ERC) during lengthening procedures may induce pacemaker dysfunction. We investigated (1) whether MGR lengthening affects pacemaker function, and (2) if the magnetic field of a pacemaker affects MGR lengthening. METHODS: MGRs were tested in conjunction with an magnetic resonance imaging-compatible pacemaker, which was connected to a virtual patient under continuous cardiac monitoring...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Ines Feki, Mariem Moalla, Imen Baati, Dorsaf Trigui, Rim Sellami, Jaweher Masmoudi
Impulsivity as a trait characteristic is increased in bipolar disorder and may be a core factor of the illness. The objectives of our work are to evaluate the level of impulsivity among patients with bipolar disorder and to study its relation with mood state, alcohol misuse, suicide attempts and other socio-demographic and clinical factors. We measured impulsivity in 60 subjects with bipolar disorder in relationship to socio-demographic and clinical variables. The subjects completed Data included socio-demographic details and clinical variables, the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11) in an Arabic version to assess impulsivity, The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview "MINI" version 05 to screen for alcohol abuse or dependence and mood graphic rate scale (MGRS) to evaluate mood state...
August 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
Pawan Khera, Manish K Pandey, Hui Wang, Suping Feng, Lixian Qiao, Albert K Culbreath, Sandip Kale, Jianping Wang, C Corley Holbrook, Weijian Zhuang, Rajeev K Varshney, Baozhu Guo
Peanut is vulnerable to a range of diseases, such as Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) and leaf spots which will cause significant yield loss. The most sustainable, economical and eco-friendly solution for managing peanut diseases is development of improved cultivars with high level of resistance. We developed a recombinant inbred line population from the cross between SunOleic 97R and NC94022, named as the S-population. An improved genetic linkage map was developed for the S-population with 248 marker loci and a marker density of 5...
2016: PloS One
Eun Hee Koo, Jung-Ho Shin, Hye Ryoun Jang, Hyung-Doo Park, Gee-Young Kwon, Wooseong Huh, Dae Joong Kim, Yoon-Goo Kim, Ha Young Oh, Jung Eun Lee
BACKGROUND: Screening for monoclonal immunoglobulin (MIg) is critical in patients with kidney disease. METHODS: We identified 943 subjects who underwent kidney biopsy and at least one of monoclonal (M)-protein tests (serum and urine electrophoresis [EP], serum and urine immunofixation [IF], and serum free light chain [FLC] ratio). The sensitivities of several combinations of the 5 tests were examined by clinical presentations of kidney disease. RESULTS: The sensitivities of serum EP, urine EP, and the serum FLC ratio were 65%, 68%, and 71%, respectively, which were lower than those of serum IF (79%) and urine IF (87%) to detect MIg...
September 2016: European Journal of Internal Medicine
Jonathan J Hogan, Brendan M Weiss
The monoclonal gammopathies of renal significance (MGRS) are a group of disorders characterized by monoclonal Ig deposition in the kidney, but are not associated with systemic lymphoma or overt multiple myeloma. The prevailing hypothesis is that the pathogenic paraproteins in MGRS are produced by underlying B cell or plasma cell clones. However, in the MGRS literature, the yield of detecting a clone has been variable, and progression to ESRD is common. Here, we present an "onco-nephrologic" approach to the MGRS disorders by highlighting recent advances in lymphoma and multiple myeloma that can be used in the evaluation and management of these patients...
September 7, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Myeong-Hoon Kim, Hye-Young Son, Ga-Yun Kim, Kwangyeol Park, Yong-Min Huh, Seungjoo Haam
T1/T2 dual-mode magnetic resonance (MR) contrast agents (DMCAs) have gained much attention because of their ability to improve accuracy by providing two pieces of complementary information with one instrument. However, most of these agents are "always ON" systems that emit MR contrast regardless of their interaction with target cells or biomarkers, which may result in poor target-to-background ratios. Herein, we introduce a rationally designed magnetic relaxation switch (MGRS) for an activatable T1/T2 dual MR imaging system...
September 2016: Biomaterials
A Graham Sterling, Jennifer L Bakalar, Kanchana U Perera, Kathryn A DeYoung, Jill Harrington-LaMorie, Diana Haigney, Marjan Ghahramanlou-Holloway
OBJECTIVE: To pilot the newly developed Male Gender Role Stressor Inventory (MGRSI) in military suicide bereaved (i.e., decedents' family members and significant others) and to determine the association between Male Gender Role Stress (MGRS) and other life stressors observed by survivors. METHODS: Sixty-five survivors attending a national survivor seminar completed original surveys, reporting demographic information about themselves and the decedent and observations of the decedent's life stressors during the 1-month and 1-year periods prior to death...
May 25, 2016: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
Nelson Leung, David R Barnidge, Colin A Hutchison
Recently, monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance (MGRS) reclassified all monoclonal (M) gammopathies that are associated with the development of a kidney disease but do not meet the definition of symptomatic multiple myeloma (MM) or malignant lymphoma. The purpose was to distinguish the M gammopathy as the nephrotoxic agent independent from the clonal mass. The diagnosis of MGRS obviously depends on the detection of the M-protein. More importantly, the success of treatment is correlated with the reduction of the M-protein...
June 1, 2016: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
Sanjeev Sethi, Fernando C Fervenza, S Vincent Rajkumar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Monoclonal gammopathies result from an overt malignant process, such as multiple myeloma, or a premalignant process, such as monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance. The kidney is often affected in the setting of a monoclonal gammopathy. The term 'monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance (MGRS)' was recently introduced to draw attention to renal diseases related to the monoclonal gammopathy. In this review, we define the pathology of these monoclonal gammopathy-associated kidney diseases...
March 2016: Current Opinion in Nephrology and Hypertension
Siobhan V Glavey, Nelson Leung
Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) is a condition characterized by the presence of a monoclonal gammopathy (MG) in which the clonal mass has not reached a predefined state in which the condition is considered malignant. It is a precursor to conditions such as multiple myeloma or lymphoma at a rate of ~1%/year. Thus, from a hematologic standpoint, MGUS is a fairly benign condition. However, it is now recognized that organ damage resulting from just the MG without the need MM or lymphoma can occur...
May 2016: Blood Reviews
Jérôme Ambroise, Valentina Butoescu, Annie Robert, Bertrand Tombal, Jean-Luc Gala
BACKGROUND: Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) identified in Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS) have generally moderate association with related complex diseases. Accordingly, Multilocus Genetic Risk Scores (MGRSs) have been computed in previous studies in order to assess the cumulative association of multiple SNPs. When several SNPs have to be genotyped for each patient, using successive uniplex pyrosequencing reactions increases analytical reagent expenses and Turnaround Time (TAT)...
2015: BMC Medical Genetics
Mohammad Alqahtani, Nora Al Balawy, Salih A Bin Salih, Abdullah Al Sayyari, Hanan Al Shammari, Mohammed AlGhobain, Naji Aljohani
BACKGROUND: Medical grand rounds (MGRs) are considered key educational tools in most academic medical institutions. In this multi-center cross-sectional survey, we tried to determine the current attitudes of local medical practitioners to MGRs, as well as perceived barriers. METHODOLOGY: A total of 120 physicians from the National Guard Hospital, King Fahad Medical City, King Khalid University Hospital and King Faisal Specialist Hospital participated in the survey...
May 2015: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
Anna Lartey
There is increasing agreement among the nutrition community about the use of length/height-for-age as the indicator to monitor the long-term impact of chronic nutritional deficiencies. Stunting, an indicator of linear growth failure, has both long- and short-term consequences affecting growth and development and adult work potential. The number of stunted children in sub-Saharan Africa is expected to increase by 2025 if the current trends remain. Stunting among African children peaks during the complementary feeding period, which coincides with the period when children are no longer on exclusive breastfeeding and infections are frequent...
November 2015: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
Mahesha Vankalakunti, Ravishankar Bonu, Shilpa Shetty, Vishwanath Siddini, Kishore Babu, Sudarshan H Ballal
We report a case of monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance in a 63-year-old man who presented with nephrotic-range proteinuria and renal insufficiency. The kidney biopsy showed a membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis pattern with extensive crystalloid deposits in the glomerular capillary endothelial cells and very few in the tubular epithelial cells. The immunoperoxidase staining showed kappa light chain restriction. Subsequently, the bone marrow showed 6% plasma cells which confirmed the diagnosis of monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance...
June 2014: Clinical Kidney Journal
Neda Perunovic, Mia Rakic, Sasa Jankovic, Zoran Aleksic, Xavier Struillou, Sasa Cakic, Miljan Puletic, Vojislav Lekovic, Jelena Milasin
The objective of this pilot study was to investigate the potential role of -1562 C>T single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the promoter region of the matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) gene as a risk modulator in the development of multiple gingival recessions (MGRs) in young adults in the Serbian population. The study sample comprised 161 systemically healthy people: 60 with MGRs and 101 controls with healthy periodontal tissues. Genotyping was done using polymerase chain reaction/restriction fragment length polymorphism approach on DNA obtained from buccal swabs...
March 2015: International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry
Naoto Takahashi
Renal impairment (RI) is a common complication and it impacts on a survival of patients with systemic multiple myeloma (MM). In a cohort study in Akita, about 20-26% patients with MM showed RI at diagnosis and it was independently associated with overall survival. Cast nephropathy, amyloidosis, and monoclonal immunoglobulin deposition disease (Randall type) are known as three pathological findings of kidney in MM patients with RI. Recently, the term monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance (MGRS) was proposed because of a causal relationship between the monoclonal gammopathy and the renal damage...
January 2015: Nihon Rinsho. Japanese Journal of Clinical Medicine
Frank Bridoux, Nelson Leung, Colin A Hutchison, Guy Touchard, Sanjeev Sethi, Jean-Paul Fermand, Maria M Picken, Guillermo A Herrera, Efstathios Kastritis, Giampaolo Merlini, Murielle Roussel, Fernando C Fervenza, Angela Dispenzieri, Robert A Kyle, Samih H Nasr
Monoclonal gammopathy of renal significance (MGRS) regroups all renal disorders caused by a monoclonal immunoglobulin (MIg) secreted by a nonmalignant B-cell clone. By definition, patients with MGRS do not meet the criteria for overt multiple myeloma/B-cell proliferation, and the hematologic disorder is generally consistent with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS). However, MGRS is associated with high morbidity due to the severity of renal and sometimes systemic lesions induced by the MIg...
April 2015: Kidney International
Kevin M Swartout, Dominic J Parrott, Amy M Cohn, Brett T Hagman, Kathryn E Gallagher
Data gathered from 6 independent samples (n = 1,729) that assessed men's masculine gender role stress in college and community males were aggregated used to determine the reliability and validity of an abbreviated version of the Masculine Gender Role Stress (MGRS) Scale. The 15 items with the highest item-to-total scale correlations were used to create an abbreviated MGRS Scale. Psychometric properties of each of the 15 items were examined with item response theory (IRT) analysis, using the discrimination and threshold parameters...
June 2015: Psychological Assessment
R Fatima, R Jha, S Gowrishankar, G Narayen, B S Rao
Proliferative glomerulonephritis with monoclonal IgG deposits (PGNMID) is a newly recognized entity caused by monoclonal deposition of IgG. PGNMID resembles immune complex glomerulonephritis (GN) on light and electron microscopy. The monotypic immunoglobulin deposits seen on immunofluorescence (IF) clinches the diagnosis. We report a case of proliferative GN associated MGRS and review the relevant literature. The patient had significant proteinuria and elevated serum creatinine. The renal biopsy showed proliferative GN with focal crescents and monoclonal immune deposits confirming a diagnosis of PGNMID...
November 2014: Indian Journal of Nephrology
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