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Self-criticism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192764/adolescent-depressive-symptoms-in-india-australia-and-usa-exploratory-structural-equation-modelling-of-cross-national-invariance-and-predictions-by-gender-and-age
#1
Andrew J Lewis, Bosco Rowland, Aiden Tran, Renatti F Solomon, George C Patton, Richard F Catalano, John W Toumbourou
BACKGROUND: The present study compares depressive symptoms in adolescents from three countries: Mumbai, India; Seattle, United States; and Melbourne, Australia measured using the Short Moods and Feelings Questionnaire (SMFQ). The study cross nationally compares SMFQ depressive symptom responses by age and gender. METHODS: Data from a cross-nationally matched survey were used to compare factorial and measurement characteristics from samples of students from Grade 7 and 9 in Mumbai, India (n=3268) with the equivalent cohorts in the Washington State, USA (n=1907) and Victoria, Australia (n=1900)...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167436/the-physiological-and-emotional-effects-of-touch-assessing-a-hand-massage-intervention-with-high-self-critics
#2
Frances A Maratos, Joana Duarte, Christopher Barnes, Kirsten McEwan, David Sheffield, Paul Gilbert
Research demonstrates that highly self-critical individuals can respond negatively to the initial introduction of a range of therapeutic interventions. Yet touch as a form of therapeutic intervention in self-critical individuals has received limited prior investigation, despite documentation of its beneficial effects for well-being. Using the Forms of Self-Criticism/Self-Reassuring Scale, 15 high- and 14 low- self-critical individuals (from a sample of 139 females) were recruited to assess how self-criticism impacts upon a single instance of focused touch...
January 25, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135620/finding-the-link-between-internalized-weight-stigma-and-binge-eating-behaviors-in-portuguese-adult-women-with-overweight-and-obesity-the-mediator-role-of-self-criticism-and-self-reassurance
#3
Lara Palmeira, José Pinto-Gouveia, Marina Cunha, Sérgio Carvalho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124451/befree-a-new-psychological-program-for-binge-eating-that-integrates-psychoeducation-mindfulness-and-compassion
#4
José Pinto-Gouveia, Sérgio A Carvalho, Lara Palmeira, Paula Castilho, Cristiana Duarte, Cláudia Ferreira, Joana Duarte, Marina Cunha, Marcela Matos, Joana Costa
: Binge eating disorder (BED) is associated with several psychological and medical problems, such as obesity. Approximately 30% of individuals seeking weight loss treatments present binge eating symptomatology. Moreover, current treatments for BED lack efficacy at follow-up assessments. Developing mindfulness and self-compassion seem to be beneficial in treating BED, although there is still room for improvement, which may include integrating these different but complimentary approaches...
January 25, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119138/exploring-the-efficacy-of-an-acceptance-mindfulness-compassionate-based-group-intervention-for-women-struggling-with-their-weight-kg-free-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Lara Palmeira, José Pinto-Gouveia, Marina Cunha
This randomized-controlled trial aims to test the efficacy of a group intervention (Kg-Free) for women with overweight or obesity based on mindfulness, ACT and compassion approaches. The intervention aimed to reduce weight self-stigma and unhealthy eating patterns and increase quality-of-life (QoL). Seventy-three women, aged between 18 and 55 years old, with BMI ≥25 without binge-eating seeking weight loss treatment were randomly assigned to intervention or control groups. Kg-Free comprises 10 weekly group sessions plus 2 booster fortnightly sessions, of 2h30 h each...
January 21, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107449/the-impact-of-shame-self-criticism-and-social-rank-on-eating-behaviours-in-overweight-and-obese-women-participating-in-a-weight-management-programme
#6
Cristiana Duarte, Marcela Matos, R James Stubbs, Corinne Gale, Liam Morris, Jose Pinto Gouveia, Paul Gilbert
Recent research has suggested that obesity is a stigmatised condition. Concerns with personal inferiority (social rank), shame and self-criticism may impact on weight management behaviours. The current study examined associations between social comparison (shame, self-criticism), negative affect and eating behaviours in women attending a community based weight management programme focused on behaviour change. 2,236 participants of the programme completed an online survey using measures of shame, self-criticism, social comparison, and weight-related affect, which were adapted to specifically address eating behaviour, weight and body shape perceptions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105897/-finding-the-person-you-really-are-%C3%A2-on-the-inside
#7
Neil E Clapton, Jonathan Williams, Gemma M Griffith, Robert Sp Jones
This study utilized a mixed methods approach to examine the feasibility and acceptability of group compassion focused therapy for adults with intellectual disabilities (CFT-ID). Six participants with mild ID participated in six sessions of group CFT, specifically adapted for adults with ID. Session-by-session feasibility and acceptability measures suggested that participants understood the group content and process and experienced group sessions and experiential practices as helpful and enjoyable. Thematic analysis of focus groups identified three themes relating to (1) direct experiences of the group, (2) initial difficulties in being self-compassionate and (3) positive emotional changes...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095004/correction-to-mandel-et-al-2015
#8
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Self-critical perfectionism and depressive and anxious symptoms over 4 years: The mediating role of daily stress reactivity" by Tobey Mandel, David M. Dunkley and Molly Moroz (Journal of Counseling Psychology, 2015[Oct], Vol 62[4], 703-717). (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2015-32534-001.) This study of 150 community adults examined heightened emotional reactivity to daily stress as a mediator in the relationships between self-critical (SC) perfectionism and depressive and anxious symptoms over a period of 4 years...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031714/temperament-personality-and-treatment-outcome-in-major-depression-a-6-month-preliminary-prospective-study
#9
Yuka Kudo, Atsuo Nakagawa, Taisei Wake, Natsumi Ishikawa, Chika Kurata, Mizuki Nakahara, Teruo Nojima, Masaru Mimura
BACKGROUND: Despite available treatments, major depression is a highly heterogeneous disorder, which leads to problems in classification and treatment specificity. Previous studies have reported that personality traits predict and influence the course and treatment response of depression. The Temperament and Personality Questionnaire (T&P) assesses eight major constructs of personality traits observed in those who develop depression. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of T&P's eight constructs on the treatment outcome of depressed patients...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943559/assessing-anaclitic-and-introjective-characteristics-using-the-swap-200-q-sort-concurrent-validity-with-the-inventory-of-interpersonal-problems-circumplex-scales
#10
Racheli Miller, Mark Hilsenroth
: This investigation's goal was to assess the concurrent validity of the four scales of the Anaclitic and Introjective Depression Assessment (AIDA), a newly developed clinician-rated measure, and the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems Circumplex Scales (IIP-64). The AIDA is composed of Shedler-Westen Assessment Procedure items and is comprised of two primitive and two more mature scales of introjective and anaclitic personality types. Specific predictions of relationships were made and are discussed further in this paper...
December 12, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925502/implementation-of-an-algorithm-for-prosthetic-joint-infection-deviations-and-problems
#11
Heinrich M L Mühlhofer, Karl-Georg Kanz, Florian Pohlig, Ulrich Lenze, Florian Lenze, Andreas Toepfer, Ruediger von Eisenhart-Rothe, Johannes Schauwecker
BACKGROUND: The outcome of revision surgery in arthroplasty is based on a precise diagnosis. In addition, the treatment varies based on whether the prosthetic failure is caused by aseptic or septic loosening. Algorithms can help to identify periprosthetic joint infections (PJI) and standardize diagnostic steps, however, algorithms tend to oversimplify the treatment of complex cases. We conducted a process analysis during the implementation of a PJI algorithm to determine problems and deviations associated with the implementation of this algorithm...
February 2017: Surgical Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925335/the-relationship-between-self-blame-for-the-onset-of-a-chronic-physical-health-condition-and-emotional-distress-a-systematic-literature-review
#12
Leah Callebaut, Philip Molyneux, Tim Alexander
OBJECTIVE: Past literature presents contrasting perspectives regarding the potential influence of self-blame on adjustment to illness. This systematic literature review aimed to summarize findings from all investigations to date that have explored the relationship between self-blame for the onset of a chronic physical health condition and emotional distress. METHOD: Between November 2014 and February 2015, electronic databases were searched for relevant literature...
December 7, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921348/the-early-memories-of-warmth-and-safeness-scale-for-adolescents-cross-sample-validation-of-the-complete-and-brief-versions
#13
Paula Vagos, Diana Ribeiro da Silva, Nélio Brazão, Daniel Rijo, Paul Gilbert
: This work presents psychometric analyses on the Early Memories of Warmth and Safeness Scale, which intends to evaluate the subjective perception of ones' early rearing experiences. Factor structure, measurement invariance, latent mean comparisons and validity in relation to external variables (i.e., forms of self-criticism/self-assurance, experiential avoidance and depressive, anxious and stress symptoms) were investigated. A sample of 1464 adolescents (52.3% male adolescents, mean age = 16...
December 6, 2016: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917459/predictors-of-stress-generation-in-adolescents-in-mainland-china
#14
Claire J Starrs, John R Z Abela, David C Zuroff, Rhonda Amsel, Josephine H Shih, Shuqiao Yao, Xiong Zhao Zhu, Wei Hong
The current longitudinal study examined whether the personality vulnerabilities of self-criticism and dependency prospectively predicted stress generation in Chinese adolescents. Participants included 1,116 adolescents (588 girls and 528 boys), aged 15 to 18 years from rural, urban and ultra-urban mainland China. Participants completed self-report measures of personality, depressive and anxious symptoms and participated in a clinical interview assessing lifetime history of depression. The occurrence of negative life events was measured using a contextual-threat interview every 6-months for a total period of 18-months...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905255/rumination-and-self-reflection-in-stress-narratives-and-relations-to-psychological-functioning
#15
Kelly A Marin, Elena K Rotondo
The longitudinal study aims to expand what is known about the costs and benefits of narrating stressful experiences by exploring changes in rumination within the narrative process and comparing it to changes in self-reflection. Rumination (e.g., brooding, self-criticism, and negative emotions) and self-reflection were measured in stress narratives of 56 college students. There were several goals: (1) examine changes in narrative rumination and narrative self-reflection over 3 days of writing, (2) examine the relations among the changes in narrative rumination variables and narrative self-reflection and (3) examine how changes in narrative rumination and narrative self-reflection relate to multiple measures of psychological functioning...
January 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870925/quantitative-and-qualitative-analysis-of-student-tutors-as-near-peer-teachers-in-the-gross-anatomy-course
#16
J Walser, A Horneffer, W Oechsner, M Huber-Lang, S Gerhardt-Szep, A Boeckers
INTRODUCTION: Peer teaching is a well-established teaching method in medical education. During the 2012/13 winter term, the Institute of Anatomy and Cell Biology in Ulm, Germany, introduced a longitudinal didactics program ("Train the Tutor": TtT) to train student tutors as near-peer teachers (NPT) in the dissection course (DC). Twenty-three of 38 tutors participated in the programme. Our study describes the educational concept and the NPTs' activities in the dissection course. METHODS: NPTs documented their activities on a daily basis in the form of semi-structured reports...
November 18, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855426/idiopathic-scoliosis-from-psychopathological-and-mind-body-medicine-perspectives
#17
Goran Talić, Ljerka Ostojić, Snježana Novaković Bursać, Tatjana Nožica-Radulović, Đurđica Stevanović-Papić
Idiopathic scoliosis, defined as a three-dimensional spine and trunk deformity, which appears in otherwise healthy subjects, exhibits complex relations with various forms of personal well-being and psychopathology. Most research studies have documented a higher proportion of psychological disturbances (e.g., self-criticism, negative body image, low self-esteem) and mental disorders (e.g., anxiety and depressive disorders, personality disorders) among idiopathc scoliosis patients compared to healthy controls...
December 2016: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853439/individual-differences-in-frequency-of-inner-speech-differential-relations-with-cognitive-and-non-cognitive-factors
#18
Xuezhu Ren, Tengfei Wang, Christopher Jarrold
Inner speech plays a crucial role in behavioral regulation and the use of inner speech is very common among adults. However, less is known about individual differences in the frequency of inner speech use and about the underlying processes that may explain why people exhibit individual differences in the frequency of inner speech use. This study was conducted to investigate how individual differences in the frequency of inner speech use are related to cognitive and non-cognitive factors. Four functions of inner speech including self-criticism, self-reinforcement, self-management, and social assessment measured by an adapted version of Brinthaupt's Self-Talk Scale were examined...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852886/incorporating-psychoeducation-mindfulness-and-self-compassion-in-a-new-programme-for-binge-eating-befree-exploring-processes-of-change
#19
José Pinto-Gouveia, Sérgio A Carvalho, Lara Palmeira, Paula Castilho, Cristiana Duarte, Cláudia Ferreira, Joana Duarte, Marina Cunha, Marcela Matos, Joana Costa
This study explores the efficacy of BEfree, a 12-session group intervention that integrates psychoeducation, mindfulness, compassion and value-based action, in a sample of overweight and obese women with binge eating disorder (N = 31). We used repeated measures analyses of variance and explored processes of change in binge eating and eating psychopathology. At post-intervention, participants decreased in binge eating severity, eating psychopathology, external shame, self-criticism, psychological inflexibility, body image cognitive fusion and increased self-compassion and engagement with valued actions...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846878/perceived-coercion-to-enter-treatment-among-involuntarily-and-voluntarily-admitted-patients-with-substance-use-disorders
#20
Anne Opsal, Øistein Kristensen, John Kåre Vederhus, Thomas Clausen
BACKGROUND: Perceived coercion is a sense of pressure related to the experience of being referred to treatment. The sense of pressure arises from the patient's internal perception of coercion. The sources of coercion may be the legal system, the family, the health system, or self-criticism (internal sources). Here, we studied patients diagnosed with substance use disorders that were involuntarily admitted to hospital, pursuant to a social services act. We sought to determine whether these patients perceived coercion differently than patients that were admitted voluntarily...
November 15, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
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