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Self-criticism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672276/biological-stress-reactivity-as-an-index-of-the-two-polarities-of-the-experience-model
#1
Jaime R Silva, Anastassia Vivanco-Carlevari, Mauricio Barrientos, Claudio Martínez, Luis A Salazar, Mariane Krause
The two-polarities model of personality argues that experience is organized around two axes: interpersonal relatedness and self-definition. Differential emphasis on one of these poles defines adaptive and pathological experiences, generating anaclitic or introjective tendencies. The anaclitic pattern, on one hand, has been conceptually related with an exaggerated emphasis on interpersonal relatedness. On the other hand, the introjective pattern has been connected to high levels of self-criticism. The aim of this study was to investigate the psychophysiological basis for this relationship...
June 24, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666440/do-medical-students-and-young-physicians-assess-reliably-their-self-efficacy-regarding-communication-skills-a-prospective-study-from-end-of-medical-school-until-end-of-internship
#2
Tore Gude, Arnstein Finset, Tor Anvik, Anders Bærheim, Ole Bernt Fasmer, Hilde Grimstad, Per Vaglum
BACKGROUND: This prospective study from end of medical school through internship investigates the course and possible change of self- reported self-efficacy in communication skills compared with observers' ratings of such skills in consultations with simulated patients. METHODS: Sixty-two medical students (43 females) from four Norwegian universities performed a videotaped consultation with a simulated patient immediately before medical school graduation (T1) and after internship (internal medicine, surgery and family medicine, half a year each - T2)...
June 30, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624866/update-on-psychological-trauma-other-severe-adverse-experiences-and-eating-disorders-state-of-the-research-and-future-research-directions
#3
REVIEW
Kathryn Trottier, Danielle E MacDonald
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper provides an updated review of the literature on the relationship between psychological trauma exposure, other severe adverse experiences, and eating disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: Trauma exposure and other severe adverse experiences (e.g., emotional abuse) in both childhood and adulthood are associated with eating disorders. The relationship between traumatic and other adverse experiences and eating disorders appears to be mediated by emotional and behavioral dysregulation, as well as by cognitive factors such as self-criticism...
August 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618314/the-metacognitions-about-self-critical-rumination-questionnaire
#4
Daniel C Kolubinski, Ana V Nikčević, Jacqueline A Lawrence, Marcantonio M Spada
BACKGROUND: Self-criticism refers to a series of persistent and negative self-judgements, often involuntary, that an individual makes about themselves. Recent research has explored the possibility that self-criticism can lead to a more perseverative style of thinking called self-critical rumination. There is evidence that self-critical rumination may be a separate construct from other forms of rumination, such as depressive rumination and post-event processing. Research has indicated that metacognitions, beliefs that individuals have about their internal experiences and how to control them, may play a role in self-critical rumination...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612453/compassionate-attention-and-regulation-of-eating-behaviour-a-pilot-study-of-a-brief-low-intensity-intervention-for-binge-eating
#5
Cristiana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia, R James Stubbs
A low-intensity 4-week intervention that included components of compassion, mindfulness, and acceptance was delivered to women diagnosed with binge eating disorder. Participants were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 conditions: intervention (n = 11) or waiting list control (n = 9). Participants in the intervention condition were invited to practise mindfulness, soothing rhythm breathing, and compassionate imagery practices with a focus on awareness and acceptance of emotional states and triggers to binge eating and engagement in helpful actions...
June 13, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601695/thoughts-images-and-appraisals-associated-with-acting-and-not-acting-on-the-urge-to-self-injure
#6
Peter M McEvoy, Sarra Hayes, Penelope A Hasking, Clare S Rees
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the frequency, content, and appraisals of thoughts and images occurring during urges to engage in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). METHOD: Undergraduates (N = 154) with a history of NSSI completed an online survey of their thoughts, images, and appraisals when they acted on urges to engage in NSSI as well as when they resisted urges to self-injure. RESULTS: Most (>90%) participants reported experiencing both thoughts and images during urges to engage in NSSI...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594067/feeling-the-pulse-of-chemistry-already-in-practical-laboratory-courses
#7
EDITORIAL
Roland A Fischer
"… The lessons that students can draw from a lab course are unique throughout the entire study of chemistry. Equally important and valuable is the authentic lab experience and the constant repetition of the link between acquiring knowledge, thorough observations, logical thinking, self-critical tenacity, and capacity for success throughout the experiments. The ultimate gain is satisfaction ..." Read more in the Editorial by Roland A. Fischer.
June 26, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586713/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-internet-based-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-perfectionism-including-an-investigation-of-outcome-predictors
#8
Alexander Rozental, Roz Shafran, Tracey Wade, Sarah Egan, Lise Bergman Nordgren, Per Carlbring, Andreas Landström, Stina Roos, Malin Skoglund, Elisabet Thelander, Linnéa Trosell, Alexander Örtenholm, Gerhard Andersson
Being highly attentive to details can be a positive feature. However, for some individuals, perfectionism can lead to distress and is associated with many psychiatric disorders. Cognitive behavior therapy has been shown to yield many benefits for those experiencing problems with perfectionism, but the access to evidence-based care is limited. The current study investigated the efficacy of guided Internet-based Cognitive Behavior Therapy (ICBT) and predictors of treatment outcome. In total, 156 individuals were included and randomized to an eight-week treatment or wait-list control...
August 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561634/-social-anxiety-and-self-esteem-hungarian-validation-of-the-brief-fear-of-negative-evaluation-scale-straightforward-items
#9
Dóra Perczel-Forintos, Szilvia Kresznerits
INTRODUCTION: Although social anxiety disorder (SAD) is the third most frequent emotional disorder with 13-15% prevalence rate, it remains unrecognized very often. Social phobia is associated with low self-esteem, high self-criticism and fear of negative evaluation by others. It shows high comorbidity with depression, alcoholism, drug addiction and eating disorders. AIM: To adapt the widely used "Fear of Negative Evaluation" (FNE) social phobia questionnaire. METHOD: Anxiety and mood disorder patients (n = 255) completed the Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale (30, 12 and 8 item-versions) as well as social cognition, anxiety and self-esteem questionnaires...
June 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553564/affect-systems-changes-in-body-mass-index-disordered-eating-and-stress-an-18-month-longitudinal-study-in-women
#10
N Kupeli, S Norton, J Chilcot, I C Campbell, U H Schmidt, N A Troop
Background: Evidence suggests that stress plays a role in changes in body weight and disordered eating. The present study examined the effect of mood, affect systems (attachment and social rank) and affect regulatory processes (self-criticism, self-reassurance) on the stress process and how this impacts on changes in weight and disordered eating. Methods: A large sample of women participated in a community-based prospective, longitudinal online study in which measures of body mass index (BMI), disordered eating, perceived stress, attachment, social rank, mood and self-criticism/reassurance were measured at 6-monthly intervals over an 18-month period...
2017: Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553250/yes-the-symptoms-of-ocd-and-depression-are-discrete-and-not-exclusively-negative-affectivity
#11
Kathleen A Moore, Jacqui Howell
Although Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and Depression are classified as separate disorders, the high incidence of co-morbidity and the strong correlations between measures of each has led to debate about the nature of their relationship. Some authors have proposed that OCD is in fact a mood disorder while others have suggested that the two disorders are grounded in negative affectivity. A third proposition is that depression is an essential part of OCD but that OCD is a separate disorder from depression...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530346/-seeds-of-mindfulness-in-the-desert-preliminary-results-from-a-clinical-trial-in-the-mindfulness-clinic-mental-health-center-beer-sheva
#12
Lee Tibi Cohen, Keren Reiner Noy, Ayelet Shmulevich, Oded Arbel
INTRODUCTION: Mindfulness-based therapies are rooted in the Buddhist tradition, and promote cultivation of qualities such as open awareness, acceptance and compassion. While various studies have demonstrated the efficacy of integrating mindfulness in therapeutic practice for people suffering from clinical conditions such as depression and anxiety as well as the non-clinical population, this was rarely replicated in Israel. In the Mindfulness Clinic, located in the Mental Health Center, Beer Sheva, mindfulness workshops are now available for diverse populations dealing with various challenges such as daily stress, chronic pain, and depression...
December 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517983/personalised-medicine-and-the-economy-of-biotechnological-promise
#13
Steve Sturdy
Rather than seek to distinguish hype from legitimate promise, it may be more helpful to think about personalised medicine as embodying a promissory economy which serves both to mobilize resources for research and - partly at least - to determine the ends to which that research is directed. Personalised medicine is a development of the larger promissory economy of medical biotechnology. As such, it systematically conflates public benefit with the pursuit of commercial and especially pharmaceutical interests...
April 2017: New Bioethics: a Multidisciplinary Journal of Biotechnology and the Body
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515539/why-does-positive-mental-health-buffer-against-psychopathology-an-exploratory-study-on-self-compassion-as-a-resilience-mechanism-and-adaptive-emotion-regulation-strategy
#14
Hester R Trompetter, Elian de Kleine, Ernst T Bohlmeijer
Growing evidence suggests that positive mental health or wellbeing protects against psychopathology. How and why those who flourish derive these resilient outcomes is, however, unknown. This exploratory study investigated if self-compassion, as it continuously provides a friendly, accepting and situational context for negative experiences, functions as a resilience mechanism and adaptive emotion regulation strategy that protects against psychopathology for those with high levels of positive mental health. Participants from the general population (n = 349) provided measures at one time-point on positive mental health (MHC-SF), self-compassion (SCS-SF), psychopathology (HADS) and negative affect (mDES)...
2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511739/self-critical-thinking-and-overgeneralization-in-depression-and-eating-disorders-an-experimental-study
#15
Graham R Thew, James D Gregory, Kate Roberts, Katharine A Rimes
BACKGROUND: Self-critical thinking is common across psychological disorders. This study hypothesized that it may play an important role in 'overgeneralization', the process of drawing general implications from an isolated negative experience. AIMS: To explore the impact of two experimental tasks designed to elicit self-critical thoughts on the endorsement of general negative self-views of clinical and non-clinical populations. METHOD: Three groups (depression, eating disorders and non-clinical controls), completed standardized questionnaires and the two tasks...
May 17, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461987/fatigue-depression-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-prostatic-diseases
#16
Tobias Engl, Daniela Drescher, Ralf Bickeböller, Ralph Grabhorn
INTRODUCTION: Fatigue and depression are commonly attributed to malignant and chronic benign diseases. However, these phenomena have been little investigated to date in prostatic diseases. Our aim was to compare fatigue and depression in prostate cancer patients treated with Androgen Deprivation Therapy (ADT) and in patients with Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) / Benign Prostatic Syndrome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 100 patients each with PCa (prostate cancer) and BPS (Benign Prostatic Syndrome) were surveyed using the Brief Fatigue Inventory (BFI), EORTC-QLQ C30 [1], and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)...
2017: Central European Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448243/the-patient-experience-of-illness-treatment-and-change-during-intensive-community-treatment-for-severe-anorexia-nervosa
#17
Julia Hannon, Lindsey Eunson, Calum Munro
This study explores experiences of intensive community treatment, illness, and change among patients with severe anorexia nervosa (sAN), particularly seeking to understand the processes involved in change and inability to change. A qualitative design with purposive semi-stratified sampling, using semi-structured interviews and interpretive phenomenological analysis, investigated in detail the experiences of five participants. Participants all had sAN at the start of treatment and represented a spectrum of outcomes from deterioration to full recovery...
April 27, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447814/undetected-scars-self-criticism-attachment-and-romantic-relationships-among-otherwise-well-functioning-childhood-sexual-abuse-survivors
#18
Dana Lassri, Patrick Luyten, Peter Fonagy, Golan Shahar
BACKGROUND: Studies have consistently demonstrated the negative impact of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) on intimate relationships. The majority of studies have focused on revictimization in at-risk or clinical samples, with very few addressing the impact of CSA on otherwise well-functioning adults and even fewer investigating the psychological mechanisms involved. To fill this gap, this study focuses on the effect of CSA on "normative" (nonviolent) romantic relationships in otherwise well-functioning young women, and the mediating role of personality dimension self-criticism and attachment in this regard...
April 27, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414507/the-distinction-between-exclusivity-and-comorbidity-within-nssi
#19
Shira Goldberg, Moshe Israelashvili
Based on notions posited by problem behavior theory, the primary goal of the current study was to examine the possibility that adolescents who engage in NSSI are not a homogeneous group but are rather divided into 2 subgroups: (a) adolescents who exclusively engage in NSSI, and (b) adolescents who are involved in NSSI alongside other problem behaviors (e.g., drug abuse, unprotected sexual intercourse). Participants were a school sample of 436 adolescents from 6 high schools across Israel, who completed self-report questionnaires during school hours on engagement in NSSI and other problem behaviors, self-esteem, self-criticism, ego clarity, coping strategies, self-efficacy to regulate affect, and sociodemographic information...
April 17, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390498/daily-stress-coping-and-negative-and-positive-affect-in-depression-complex-trigger-and-maintenance-patterns
#20
David M Dunkley, Maxim Lewkowski, Ihno A Lee, Kristopher J Preacher, David C Zuroff, Jody-Lynn Berg, J Elizabeth Foley, Gail Myhr, Ruta Westreich
Major depressive disorder is characterized by emotional dysfunction, but mood states in daily life are not well understood. This study examined complex explanatory models of daily stress and coping mechanisms that trigger and maintain daily negative affect and (lower) positive affect in depression. Sixty-three depressed patients completed perfectionism measures, and then completed daily questionnaires of stress appraisals, coping, and affect for 7 consecutive days. Multilevel structural equation modeling (MSEM) demonstrated that, across many stressors, when the typical individual with depression perceives more criticism than usual, he/she uses more avoidant coping and experiences higher event stress than usual, and this is connected to daily increases in negative affect as well as decreases in positive affect...
May 2017: Behavior Therapy
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