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Self-criticism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154564/self-criticism-and-dependency-in-female-adolescents-prediction-of-first-onsets-and-disentangling-the-relationships-between-personality-stressful-life-events-and-internalizing-psychopathology
#1
Daniel C Kopala-Sibley, Daniel N Klein, Greg Perlman, Roman Kotov
There is substantial evidence that personality traits, such as self-criticism and dependency, predict the development of depression and anxiety symptoms, as well as depressive episodes. However, it is unknown whether self-criticism and dependency predict the first onset of depressive and anxiety disorders, and unclear how to characterize dynamic mechanisms by which these traits, stressful life events, and psychopathology influence one another over time. In this study, 550 female adolescents were assessed at baseline, 528 and 513 of whom were assessed again at Waves 2 and 3, respectively, over the course of 18 months...
November 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131716/compassion-focused-therapy-as-an-intervention-for-adult-survivors-of-sexual-abuse
#2
Lisa McLean, Stanley R Steindl, Matthew Bambling
Child sexual abuse can have long-term negative impacts across psychological, physical, and interpersonal domains. Some of the common issues for survivors of sexual abuse include shame and self-blame, attachment-based difficulties, avoidant coping strategies, and reduced capacity for self-compassion. Compassion-focused therapy is a transdiagnostic intervention that specifically responds to these concerns. Compassion-focused therapy was originally developed for clients who experience high levels of shame and self-criticism and aims to strengthen the soothing and affiliative system through the cultivation of compassion...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128584/the-influence-of-maternal-modeling-on-body-image-concerns-and-eating-disturbances-in-preadolescent-girls
#3
Charlotte M Handford, Ronald M Rapee, Jasmine Fardouly
Research suggests that mothers may influence the development of body image concerns and eating disturbances in their daughters by modeling negative body image beliefs and unhealthy eating behaviors. However, the causal nature of that mode of influence is yet to be established. This study implemented an experimental design to examine the impact of mothers' modeling of negative comments about their own appearance and diet on their daughters' body image concerns and eating behaviors. Participants were 8-12 year old girls and their mothers (N = 50)...
November 6, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115168/language-of-adhd-in-adults-on-social-media
#4
Sharath Chandra Guntuku, J Russell Ramsay, Raina M Merchant, Lyle H Ungar
OBJECTIVE: We computationally analyze the language of social media users diagnosed with ADHD to understand what they talk about, and how their language is correlated with users' characteristics such as personality and temporal orientation. METHOD: We analyzed approximately 1.3 million tweets written by 1,399 Twitter users with self-reported diagnoses of ADHD, comparing their posts with those used by a control set matched by age, gender, and period of activity. RESULTS: Users with ADHD are found to be less agreeable, more open, to post more often, and to use more negations, hedging, and swear words...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110730/a-meta-science-for-a-global-bioethics-and-biomedicine
#5
David S Basser
BACKGROUND: As suggested by Shook and Giordano, understanding and therefore addressing the urgent international governance issues around globalizing bio-medical/technology research and applications is limited by the perception of the underlying science. METHODS: A philosophical methodology is used, based on novel and classical philosophical reflection upon existent literature, clinical wisdoms and narrative theory to discover a meta-science and telos of humankind for the development of a relevant and defendable global biomedical bioethics...
November 7, 2017: Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine: PEHM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048198/autonomous-and-controlled-motivation-for-interpersonal-therapy-for-depression-between-therapists-and-within-therapist-effects
#6
David C Zuroff, Carolina McBride, Paula Ravitz, Richard Koestner, D S Moskowitz, R Michael Bagby
Differences between therapists in the average outcomes their patients achieve are well documented, and researchers have begun to try to explain such differences (Baldwin & Imel, 2013). Guided by Self-Determination Theory (Deci & Ryan, 2000), we examined the effects on outcome of differences between therapists in their patients' average levels of autonomous and controlled motivation for treatment, as well as the effects of differences among the patients within each therapist's caseload. Between and within-therapist differences in the SDT construct of perceived relational support were explored as predictors of patients' motivation...
October 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044607/compassion-focused-therapy-exploring-the-effectiveness-with-a-transdiagnostic-group-and-potential-processes-of-change
#7
Jennifer Cuppage, Katie Baird, Jennifer Gibson, Richard Booth, David Hevey
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of a compassion focused therapy (CFT) group with a transdiagnostic population, as compared to treatment as usual (TAU). A secondary aim was to explore the potential processes of change within the treatment. DESIGN: A non-randomized control trial was used. METHOD: Fifty-eight participants who engaged in group CFT were compared to 29 participants receiving TAU. Group CFT consisted of 14 sessions twice weekly for 5 weeks and once weekly for 4 weeks...
October 17, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037069/factor-analysis-of-the-zarit-burden-interview-in-family-caregivers-of-patients-with-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#8
Juyeon Oh, Jung A Kim
OBJECTIVE: The Zarit Burden Interview has been used in many studies to assess caregiver burden in family caregivers of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, but the factor structure of the Zarit Burden Interview in the caregivers of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients is unknown. The aim of this study was to explore the factor structure of the Zarit Burden Interview in family caregivers of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients using exploratory factor analysis. METHODS: The exploratory factor analysis was performed using generalized least squares with oblique rotation in a sample of 202 family caregivers...
October 16, 2017: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960601/does-an-emotion-focused-two-chair-dialogue-add-to-the-therapeutic-effect-of-the-empathic-attunement-to-affect
#9
Jan Reidar Stiegler, Helge Molde, Elisabeth Schanche
An increasing amount of research suggests that it is beneficial to work explicitly with emotions in psychotherapy. Emotion-focused therapy (EFT) utilizes interventions that are thought to enhance the evocativeness of emotional processing and facilitate explorations of new meaning. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of such an intervention on therapeutic outcome. The intervention, a two-chair dialogue drawn from emotion-focused therapy, was added to the treatment conditions that consisted of empathically following the clients' emotional processes...
September 27, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940324/vividness-of-positive-mental-imagery-predicts-positive-emotional-response-to-visually-presented-project-soothe-pictures
#10
Alexander C Wilson, Matthias Schwannauer, Angela McLaughlin, Fiona Ashworth, Stella W Y Chan
Lang's bioinformational theory of mental imagery proposes that mental imagery and external stimuli engage emotional information-processing systems in similar ways. However, the positive and negative systems are thought to be distinct, so this similarity is likely to show a valence-specific effect. Therefore, we hypothesized that an individual's ability to construct vivid positive, but not negative, mental imagery would predict positive emotional responding to positive visual stimuli, independently of depressive symptoms...
September 20, 2017: British Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939393/contributions-of-self-criticism-and-shame-to-hoarding
#11
Chia-Ying Chou, Janice Tsoh, Ofilio Vigil, David Bain, Soo Y Uhm, Gillian Howell, Joanne Chan, Monika Eckfield, Julian Plumadore, Elena Chan, Kiya Komaiko, Lauren Smith, John Franklin, Eduardo Vega, Kevin Delucchi, Carol A Mathews
Pathological hoarding-related beliefs, such as need to control possessions, and inflated sense of responsibility over possessions, have been used to explain the development of symptoms of hoarding disorder (HD). While these beliefs have been the focus of the current standard treatment for HD, it is of significant clinical interest to further examine other constructs that may be linked to, or may underliethese beliefs, as well as the pathology of HD. To this end, the current study aimed to build on existing findings regarding the relationship of compromised self-identity with HD...
September 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899193/maternal-self-critical-and-dependent-personality-styles-and-mother-infant-communication
#12
Beatrice Beebe, Frank Lachmann
This study investigated mother-infant communication in relation to Blatt's measures of adult personality organization, namely, interpersonal relatedness and self-definition, defining the higher ends of these two measures as dependency and self-criticism, respectively. A nonclinical sample of 126 mother-infant dyads provided the data. An evaluation of maternal self-criticism and dependency was made six weeks postpartum; four months postpartum, mother-infant self- and interactive contingencies during face-to-face play were studied and analyzed in conjunction with the earlier evaluation...
June 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899175/bion-s-agony-in-the-long-week-end
#13
Robert Ehrlich
In The Long Week-End Wilfred Bion focuses on his emotional distress during the first twenty-one years of his life. Rarely employing psychoanalytic terminology, he attempts to explore his emotional experience directly, struggling to find a language that could capture the complexity of inner life. Central to The Long Week-End is his desire to communicate how easily he could feel unintelligent, inept, weak, ashamed, guilty, angry, frightened, and cowardly in various settings. This self-criticism at times undermines his theoretical stance in this work, as he emphasizes the importance of doubt and uncertainty when attempting to comprehend most dimensions of experience...
August 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893153/emotion-focused-perspective-on-generalized-anxiety-disorder-a-qualitative-analysis-of-clients-in-session-presentations
#14
Katie O'Brien, Nora O'Keeffe, Hannah Cullen, Aoife Durcan, Ladislav Timulak, James McElvaney
OBJECTIVE: The classification of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is influenced by the tradition of conceptualizing disorders in the context of their clinical presentation and subsequent professional thinking around them. Our qualitative, descriptive-interpretative study uses a theoretical framework drawn from emotion-focused therapy (EFT) as the basis of our interpretation of GAD clients' presentation of their difficulties. METHOD: The current research consists of an investigation into the GAD presentation based on a multiple case study observational qualitative design...
September 11, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886675/self-criticism-and-depressive-symptoms-mediating-role-of-self-compassion
#15
Huaiyu Zhang, Natalie N Watson-Singleton, Sara E Pollard, Delishia M Pittman, Dorian A Lamis, Nicole L Fischer, Bobbi Patterson, Nadine J Kaslow
Self-compassion is gaining recognition as a resilience factor with implications for positive mental health. This study investigated the role of self-compassion in alleviating the effect of self-criticism on depressive symptoms. Participants were 147 urban, low-income African Americans with a recent suicide attempt. They were administered measures of self-criticism, depressive symptoms, and self-compassion. Results from this cross-sectional investigation showed that self-criticism was positively associated with depressive symptoms and negatively associated with self-compassion, and self-compassion was negatively associated with depressive symptoms...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863718/cross-cultural-validity-of-the-ruminative-responses-scale-in-argentina-and-the-united-states
#16
Fernán G Arana, Kenneth G Rice
Although frequently used in the United States, the Ruminative Response Scale (RRS) has not been extensively studied in cross-cultural samples. The present study evaluated the factor structure of Treynor et al.'s 10-item version of the RRS in samples from Argentina ( N = 308) and the United States ( N = 371). In addition to testing measurement invariance between the countries, we evaluated whether the maladaptive implications of rumination were weaker for the Argentinians than for the U.S. group. Self-critical perfectionism was the criterion in those tests...
September 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810375/processes-of-change-in-quality-of-life-weight-self-stigma-body-mass-index-and-emotional-eating-after-an-acceptance-mindfulness-and-compassion-based-group-intervention-kg-free-for-women-with-overweight-and-obesity
#17
Lara Palmeira, Marina Cunha, José Pinto-Gouveia
This study examined the effectiveness of Kg-Free: an acceptance-, mindfulness- and compassion-based group intervention for women with overweight and obesity at post-treatment and 3-month follow-up and explored the psychological processes that underlie changes in quality of life, weight self-stigma, body mass index and emotional eating at post-treatment. Overall, 53 women completed Kg-Free. At post-treatment and 3-month follow-up, participants reported increased quality of life, mindfulness and self-compassion abilities and decreased weight self-stigma, emotional eating, shame, weight-related experiential avoidance, self-criticism and body mass index...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795825/development-and-validation-of-the-forms-of-self-criticizing-attacking-and-self-reassuring-scale-short-form
#18
Marion Sommers-Spijkerman, Hester Trompetter, Peter Ten Klooster, Karlein Schreurs, Paul Gilbert, Ernst Bohlmeijer
Studies investigating the effectiveness of compassion-focused therapy (CFT) are growing rapidly. As CFT is oriented toward helping people deal with internal processes of self-to-self-relating, having instruments to measure these processes is important. The 22-item Forms of Self-Criticizing/Attacking and Self-Reassuring Scale (FSCRS) has been found a useful measure. In the present study, a 14-item short form of the FSCRS (FSCRS-SF) suited to studies requiring brief measures was developed and tested in a Dutch community sample (N = 363), and cross-validated in a sample consisting of participants in a study on the effectiveness of a guided self-help compassion training (N = 243)...
August 10, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759151/the-phenomenology-of-self-critical-thinking-in-people-with-depression-eating-disorders-and-in-healthy-individuals
#19
Graham R Thew, James D Gregory, Kate Roberts, Katharine A Rimes
OBJECTIVES: To explore the phenomenology of self-criticism, and the relationship with constructs such as rumination and perfectionism. DESIGN: The study followed a three-group (Depression, n = 26; Eating Disorder, n = 26; Non-clinical, n = 26) mixed methods design. METHOD: Participants completed a set of questionnaires and were interviewed about the occurrence, impact, and content of self-critical thinking, along with their beliefs about self-criticism...
July 31, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758692/the-impact-of-a-universal-intervention-targeting-perfectionism-in-children-an-exploratory-controlled-trial
#20
Eva J Vekas, Tracey D Wade
OBJECTIVES: Perfectionism is considered to be an underlying mechanism of relevance to a broad array of indicators of psychological distress. The current research examined the impact of a three-session intervention targeting perfectionism in children on perfectionism, self-criticism, and well-being. DESIGN: The design of the current study can be considered quasi-experimental as the intervention and control classes were not randomly allocated but decided by convenience factors at the school level...
July 31, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
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