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Self-criticism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777673/activations-of-the-dorsolateral-prefrontal-cortex-and-thalamus-during-agentic-self-evaluation-are-negatively-associated-with-trait-self-esteem
#1
Ke Jiang, Shi Wu, Zhenhao Shi, Mingyan Liu, Maoying Peng, Yang Shen, Juan Yang
Individual self-esteem is dominated more by agency than by communion. However, prior research has mainly focused on one's agentic/communal self-evaluation, while little is known about how one endorses others' agentic/communal evaluation of the self. The present study investigated the associations between trait self-esteem and fundamental dimensions of social cognition, i.e. agency vs. communion, during both self-evaluation and endorsement of others' evaluation of oneself. We also investigated the neural mechanisms underlying the relationship between trait self-esteem and agentic self-evaluation...
May 16, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759022/compassion-focused-therapy-for-trauma-in-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-conceptual-review
#2
Megan Cowles, Cathy Randle-Phillips, Andrew Medley
Trauma exposure and post-traumatic stress disorder are more prevalent in people with intellectual disabilities (PWID) than in the general population, yet the evidence base for trauma interventions in this population is sparse. Compassion-focused therapy (CFT) may be particularly well-suited to PWID for a number of reasons, including its adaptability to different developmental levels. PWID are more likely to have issues with self-relating (e.g. shame and self-criticism) and attachment than the general population, two issues that are compounded by trauma and which CFT explicitly seeks to address...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708264/psychological-need-frustration-as-a-transdiagnostic-process-in-associations-of-self-critical-perfectionism-with-depressive-symptoms-and-eating-pathology
#3
Rachel Campbell, Liesbet Boone, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Bart Soenens
OBJECTIVE: The identification of transdiagnostic risk factors and processes that explain the comorbidity between depressive symptoms and eating disorder symptoms is critical. We examined the mediating role of the frustration of adolescents' psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness in the association between self-critical perfectionism, depressive symptoms and eating disorder symptoms. METHOD: A cross-sectional study (N = 248; 58% female, mean age = 14 years) and a two-wave longitudinal study (N = 608; 59% female; mean age = 16 years) were conducted...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702432/altered-resting-state-connectivity-within-default-mode-network-associated-with-late-chronotype
#4
Charlotte Mary Horne, Ray Norbury
Current evidence suggests late chronotype individuals have an increased risk of developing depression. However, the underlying neural mechanisms of this association are not fully understood. Forty-six healthy, right-handed individuals free of current or previous diagnosis of depression, family history of depression or sleep disorder underwent resting-state functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (rsFMRI). Using an Independent Component Analysis (ICA) approach, the Default Mode Network (DMN) was identified based on a well validated template...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701839/arabidopsis-research-requires-a-critical-re-evaluation-of-genetic-tools
#5
Natalia Nikonorova, Kun Yue, Tom Beeckman, Ive De Smet
More and more reports question conclusions based on loss-of-function lines that have unexpected genetic backgrounds. In this Opinion, we urge researchers to meticulously (re)investigate phenotypes retrieved from various genetic backgrounds and be critical regarding some previously drawn conclusions. As an example, we provide new evidence that acr4-2 mutant phenotypes with respect to columella stem cells are due to the lack of ACR4 and not - at least not as a major contributor - to a mutation in QRT1. In addition, we take the opportunity to alert the scientific community about the qrt1-2 background of a large number of Syngenta Arabidopsis Insertion Library (SAIL) T-DNA lines, a feature that is not commonly recognized by Arabidopsis researchers...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696640/parental-psychological-control-adolescent-self-criticism-and-adolescent-depressive-symptoms-a-latent-change-modeling-approach-in-belgian-adolescents
#6
Dries Bleys, Bart Soenens, Stephan Claes, Nicole Vliegen, Patrick Luyten
OBJECTIVE: At the level of both between-person differences and within-person changes across time, parental achievement-oriented psychological control may influence the development of adolescent self-criticism, which in turn may increase vulnerability for adolescent depression. METHOD: In a two-wave prospective study of 368 adolescents (age 13-17 years), Latent Change Modeling was used with Belgian adolescents' self-report measures. RESULTS: For mothers and fathers separately, adolescent self-criticism intervened in associations between achievement-oriented psychological control and adolescent depressive symptoms, at the level of both between-person differences and within-person changes...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687754/barriers-to-empathy-based-care-oncology-nurses-perceptions
#7
Fariba Taleghani, Elaheh Ashouri, Mehrdad Memarzadeh, Mortaza Saburi
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore oncology nurses' barriers to empathy-based care perceptions. Design/methodology/approach The authors used a descriptive qualitative method. In total, 18 oncology nurses were selected via purposive sampling. Data were collected through in-depth interviews and qualitative content analysis using an inductive approach. Findings Three main categories emerged from the data analysis: barriers related to nursing including: lacking compassion; disinterest in oncology nursing and self-criticism; psychological distress; barriers related to healthcare: job strain; task-centeredness; no formal training; poor manager support; nurse-patient gender imbalance; and barriers related to cancer care including: difficulty maintaining empathy with cancer patients; and inappropriate cancer patient Practical implications Oncology nurses provided insights into barriers to empathy-based care and the challenges they encountered while caring for cancer patients...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672083/self-critical-perfectionism-and-depression-maintenance-over-one-year-the-moderating-roles-of-daily-stress-sadness-reactivity-and-the-cortisol-awakening-response
#8
Tobey Mandel, David M Dunkley, Maxim Lewkowski, David C Zuroff, Sonia J Lupien, Robert-Paul Juster, N M K Ng Ying Kin, J Elizabeth Foley, Gail Myhr, Ruta Westreich
This study of depressed outpatients (N = 43) examined daily stress-sadness reactivity and the cortisol awakening response (CAR) as moderators of the relationship between self-critical (SC) perfectionism and depression over one year. Participants completed perfectionism measures at baseline (Time 1), daily diaries and salivary sampling six months later (Time 2), and an interviewer-rated depression measure at Time 1, Time 2, and one year after baseline (Time 3). Hierarchical multiple regression analyses of moderator effects demonstrated that patients with higher SC perfectionism and higher levels of daily stress-sadness reactivity (i...
April 2018: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671779/exercise-caution-questions-to-ask-adolescents-who-may-exercise-too-hard
#9
Emma Forsén Mantilla, Johanna Levallius, Elin Monell, Andreas Birgegård
When the primary goal of exercise is to compensate for food intake and to alter body shape and weight, it is considered compulsive and may be harmful. Compulsive exercise (CE) is important in the pathogenesis of eating disorders (EDs). Many healthy adolescents engage in CE too, and this may indicate a risk for EDs. Our aim was to learn more about ED risk factors tied to CE and to try to isolate questions to ask in order to probe for high ED risk in adolescents engaging in CE. Using two well-established instruments (the Structural Analysis of Social Behavior and the Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire), we studied associations between ED variables and CE in healthy adolescent boys and girls...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667539/self-criticism-neediness-and-distress-in-the-prediction-of-suicide-ideation-results-from-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-studies
#10
Rui C Campos, Ronald R Holden, Cristina Baleizão, Berta Caçador, Ana Sofia Fragata
The aim of the present study was to test whether the maladaptive personality traits of self-criticism and neediness predict suicide ideation when controlling for general distress. Further, potential interactive effects on suicide ideation of the two traits and distress were also evaluated. Two studies with nonclinical samples were conducted. The first investigation was cross-sectional and involved a final sample of 202 community adults while the second study was longitudinal with a final sample of 207 college students...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655597/affective-spectrum-symptoms-and-self-criticism-a-behavioral-genetic-approach
#11
Dries Bleys, Patrick Luyten, Stephan Claes, Bart Soenens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 8, 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651223/the-mediating-role-of-self-criticism-in-the-relationship-between-parental-expressed-emotion-and-nssi
#12
Brooke A Ammerman, Seth Brown
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is found at high rates among adolescents and young adults and is associated with many negative consequences, warranting additional research. Two factors that may contribute to NSSI during this time period are one's levels of self-criticism and perceptions of their parental relationships; however, these relationships have received limited attention. The purpose of this current study was to address this gap in the literature. Adolescents and young adults (n=294) completed measures of perceived parental expressed emotion, self-criticism, and NSSI...
March 2018: Current Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609694/karl-blumenreuter-1881-1969-himmler-s-chief-pharmacist-and-medical-supply-quartermaster-of-the-ss
#13
M Schmidt, D Gross, J Westemeier
The present article elucidates the role and function of SS Gruppenführer Karl Blumenreuter (1881-1969), the leading pharmacist of the SS. The aim is to clarify how he participated in the crimes of the Nazi Party and especially the SS during the "Third Reich" and the extent to which he was brought to justice after 1945. Central elements of the study are based on researched archival primary sources. The latter were compared with each other and supplemented with the currently available secondary literature on the subject...
April 2, 2018: Die Pharmazie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548603/-but-perhaps-they-could-reduce-the-suffering-parents-ambivalence-toward-participating-in-forced-peripheral-vein-cannulation-performed-on-their-preschool-aged-children
#14
Edel Jannecke Svendsen, Anne Moen, Reidar Pedersen, Ida Torunn Bjørk
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to provide a better understanding of how parents experience the use of restraint during the performance of peripheral vein cannulation (PVC) on their child. DESIGN/METHODS: Qualitative, semi-structured interviews were performed with seven parents and one close relative who had accompanied their 3-5-year-old child while the child resisted the medical procedure of PVC. The analysis was guided by symbolic interactionism and resulted in two themes...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531079/issues-with-data-and-analyses-errors-underlying-themes-and-potential-solutions
#15
Andrew W Brown, Kathryn A Kaiser, David B Allison
Some aspects of science, taken at the broadest level, are universal in empirical research. These include collecting, analyzing, and reporting data. In each of these aspects, errors can and do occur. In this work, we first discuss the importance of focusing on statistical and data errors to continually improve the practice of science. We then describe underlying themes of the types of errors and postulate contributing factors. To do so, we describe a case series of relatively severe data and statistical errors coupled with surveys of some types of errors to better characterize the magnitude, frequency, and trends...
March 13, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524786/the-unique-associations-of-self-criticism-and-shame-proneness-to-symptoms-of-disordered-eating-and-depression
#16
Andrew C Porter, Rachel L Zelkowitz, David A Cole
This study examined the unique associations of shame-proneness and self-criticism to symptoms of disordered eating and depression among 186 undergraduate students. The study also tested the degree to which self-criticism and shame-proneness accounted for the association between disordered eating and depressive symptoms. Both shame-proneness and self-criticism were significantly related to disordered eating and depressive symptoms. Self-criticism was significantly associated with disordered eating and depressive symptoms, over-and-above shame-proneness, but the reverse was not true...
April 2018: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29522603/-epidemiological-study-on-the-homicidal-behaviour-in-teenagers
#17
María de Los Ángeles Quiroga
This study addresses the epidemiology of risk factors and personality traits in adolescents of 16 and 17 years of age, charged with homicide, with a focus on analyzing psychic functioning, socio-demographic variables and family constitution. This is a longitudinal, retrospective and inferential study of the psychiatric assessments of several subjects who were interviewed in the Family Courts of the province of Mendoza. The hypothesis states that adolescents who have violent behavior, impulsivity and diffculty in complying with rules, do so as a result of having been victims of violence in an inadequate family environment...
November 2017: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504147/self-criticism-as-a-transdiagnostic-process-in-nonsuicidal-self-injury-and-disordered-eating-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Rachel L Zelkowitz, David A Cole
Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and disordered eating (DE) are highly comorbid and may be regarded as belonging to a spectrum of self-harm behaviors. We investigated self-criticism as a transdiagnostic correlate of these behaviors, in keeping with etiological theories of both NSSI and DE. We reviewed the literature and meta-analyzed the relation of self-criticism to both NSSI (15 studies; 17 effect sizes) and DE (24 studies; 29 effect sizes). Results showed equivalent, moderate-to-large effects for the relation of self-criticism to NSSI (r = ...
March 5, 2018: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29473698/a-proof-of-concept-pilot-randomized-comparative-trial-of-brief-internet-based-compassionate-mind-training-and-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-perinatal-and-intending-to-become-pregnant-women
#19
Alex R Kelman, Benjamin S Evare, Alinne Z Barrera, Ricardo F Muñoz, Paul Gilbert
OBJECTIVE: Depression is a prevalent and costly mental health problem that affects women as well as their larger communities, with substantial impacts on mother and infant during childbearing years. Face-to-face care has not adequately addressed this global concern due to difficulties in scaling these resources. Internet interventions, which can provide psychological tools to those lacking adequate access, show promise in filling this void. METHOD: We conducted a 2-condition proof-of-concept pilot randomized trial comparing brief Internet-based cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and brief Internet-based compassionate mind training (CMT) for women who are currently pregnant, became pregnant within the last year, and intend to become pregnant in the future...
February 23, 2018: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407745/steps-toward-understanding-the-impact-of-early-emotional-experiences-on-disordered-eating-the-role-of-self-criticism-shame-and-body-image-shame
#20
Ana Carolina Gois, Cláudia Ferreira, Ana Laura Mendes
In research, it has been suggested that early threatening emotional experiences, characterized by abuse, rejection, neglect or absence of affiliative signals may activate maladaptive defensive responses. Further, several studies have emphasised the association between the recall of early emotional experiences and eating psychopathology. However, this relationship does not seem to be direct. Thus, the current study explored the mediator roles of self-criticism and shame (general and body image-focused shame) in the link between early emotional experiences and the engagement in disordered eating, while controlling for the effect of body mass index...
June 1, 2018: Appetite
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