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Self-criticism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414507/the-distinction-between-exclusivity-and-comorbidity-within-nssi
#1
Shira Goldberg, Moshe Israelashvili
Based on notions posited by problem behavior theory, the primary goal of the current study was to examine the possibility that adolescents who engage in NSSI are not a homogeneous group but are rather divided into 2 subgroups: (a) adolescents who exclusively engage in NSSI, and (b) adolescents who are involved in NSSI alongside other problem behaviors (e.g., drug abuse, unprotected sexual intercourse). Participants were a school sample of 436 adolescents from 6 high schools across Israel, who completed self-report questionnaires during school hours on engagement in NSSI and other problem behaviors, self-esteem, self-criticism, ego clarity, coping strategies, self-efficacy to regulate affect, and sociodemographic information...
April 17, 2017: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390498/daily-stress-coping-and-negative-and-positive-affect-in-depression-complex-trigger-and-maintenance-patterns
#2
David M Dunkley, Maxim Lewkowski, Ihno A Lee, Kristopher J Preacher, David C Zuroff, Jody-Lynn Berg, J Elizabeth Foley, Gail Myhr, Ruta Westreich
Major depressive disorder is characterized by emotional dysfunction, but mood states in daily life are not well understood. This study examined complex explanatory models of daily stress and coping mechanisms that trigger and maintain daily negative affect and (lower) positive affect in depression. Sixty-three depressed patients completed perfectionism measures, and then completed daily questionnaires of stress appraisals, coping, and affect for 7 consecutive days. Multilevel structural equation modeling (MSEM) demonstrated that, across many stressors, when the typical individual with depression perceives more criticism than usual, he/she uses more avoidant coping and experiences higher event stress than usual, and this is connected to daily increases in negative affect as well as decreases in positive affect...
May 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377813/has-the-science-of-mindfulness-lost-its-mind
#3
Miguel Farias, Catherine Wikholm
The excitement about the application of mindfulness meditation in mental health settings has led to the proliferation of a literature pervaded by a lack of conceptual and methodological self-criticism. In this article we raise two major concerns. First, we consider the range of individual differences within the experience of meditation; although some people may benefit from its practice, others will not be affected in any substantive way, and a number of individuals may suffer moderate to serious adverse effects...
December 2016: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376484/the-impact-of-self-criticism-and-self-reassurance-on-weight-related-affect-and-well-being-in-participants-of-a-commercial-weight-management-programme
#4
Cristiana Duarte, James Stubbs, José Pinto-Gouveia, Marcela Matos, Corinne Gale, Liam Morris, Paul Gilbert
OBJECTIVE: Certain psychological and emotional factors can undermine attempts at weight management. Previously we have found that shame and self-criticism were significantly associated with disinhibition and perceived hunger in 2,236 participants of a weight management programme. This effect was fully mediated through weight-related negative affect. The present study examined the impact of self-criticism and self-reassurance on well-being and whether it was mediated by weight-related affect in the same population...
April 4, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351068/what-attitudes-and-values-are-incorporated-into-self-as-part-of-professional-identity-construction-when-becoming-a-surgeon
#5
Alexandra Cope, Jeff Bezemer, Stella Mavroveli, Roger Kneebone
PURPOSE: To make explicit the attitudes and values of a community of surgeons, with the aim of understanding professional identity construction within a specific group of residents. METHOD: Using a grounded theory method, the authors collected data from 16 postgraduate surgeons through interviews. They complemented these initial interview data with ethnographic observations and additional descriptive interviews to explore the attitudes and values learned by surgeons during residency training (2010-2013)...
April 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344562/attachment-styles-and-suicide-related-behaviors-in-adolescence-the-mediating-role-of-self-criticism-and-dependency
#6
Giorgio Falgares, Daniela Marchetti, Sandro De Santis, Danilo Carrozzino, Daniel C Kopala-Sibley, Mario Fulcheri, Maria Cristina Verrocchio
Insecure attachment and the personality dimensions of self-criticism and dependency have been proposed as risk factors for suicide in adolescents. The present study examines whether self-criticism and dependency mediate the relationship between insecure attachment styles and suicidality. A sample of 340 high-school students (73.2% females), ranging in age from 13 to 20 years (M = 16.47, SD = 1.52), completed the Depressive Experiences Questionnaire for Adolescents, the Depressive Experiences Questionnaire for Adolescents, the Attachment Style Questionnaire, and the Suicidal Behaviors Questionnaire-Revised...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326598/compassion-based-meditation-in-african-americans-self-criticism-mediates-changes-in-depression
#7
Suzanne B Johnson, Bradley L Goodnight, Huaiyu Zhang, Irene Daboin, Bobbi Patterson, Nadine J Kaslow
This study examines self-criticism as a mechanism through which compassion meditation reduces depressive symptoms in low-income African American men and women (N = 59) who had recently attempted suicide. After completing several measures, including the Levels of Self-Criticism Scale and Beck Depression Inventory-II, participants were randomly assigned to receive either a six-session compassion meditation (CM) group (Grady Compassion and Meditation Program) or a six-session support group. As predicted, path analysis results showed that treatment condition led to changes in self-criticism from pre- to posttreatment, with those receiving CM showing greater reductions in levels of self-criticism than those randomized to the support group...
March 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316575/personality-factors-and-depressive-configurations-an-exploratory-study-in-an-italian-clinical-sample
#8
Francesca Straccamore, Simona Ruggi, Vittorio Lingiardi, Raffaella Zanardi, Sara Vecchi, Osmano Oasi
Introduction: This study focuses on the relationship between personality configurations and depressive experiences. More specifically, the aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between self-criticism and dependency and personality styles or disorders, exploring the association between personality features and depressive symptoms. The two-configurations model of personality developed by Blatt (2004, 2008) is adopted as a reference point in sharing a valid framework and in understanding the results...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296508/psychometric-aspects-of-the-depressive-experiences-questionnaire-implications-for-clinical-assessment-and-research
#9
Giorgio Falgares, Sandro De Santis, Salvatore Gullo, Daniel C Kopala-Sibley, Fabrizio Scrima, Stefano Livi
The Depressive Experiences Questionnaire (DEQ) is a self-report measure that assesses self-criticism and dependency, 2 personality traits that confer vulnerability to depression (Blatt, 2004 ). Over several decades, different, shortened versions of the DEQ have been constructed to offer an alternative to the complex scoring procedure of the original DEQ. This study explores the factor structure as well as the construct and convergent validity of the DEQ by comparing a clinical and nonclinical sample. We also compared the original DEQ with 5 shortened versions...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292331/the-ghent-psychotherapy-study-gps-on-the-differential-efficacy-of-supportive-expressive-and-cognitive-behavioral-interventions-in-dependent-and-self-critical-depressive-patients-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Reitske Meganck, Mattias Desmet, Claudi Bockting, Ruth Inslegers, Femke Truijens, Melissa De Smet, Rosa De Geest, Kimberly Van Nieuwenhove, Vicky Hennissen, Goedele Hermans, Tom Loeys, Ufuoma Angelica Norman, Chris Baeken, Stijn Vanheule
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder is a leading cause of disease burden worldwide, indicating the importance of effective therapies. Outcome studies have shown overall efficacy of different types of psychotherapy across groups, yet large variability within groups. Although patient characteristics are considered crucial in understanding outcome, they have received limited research attention. This trial aims at investigating the interaction between therapeutic approach (pre-structured versus explorative) and the personality style of patients (dependent versus self-critical), which is considered a core underlying dimension of depressive pathology...
March 14, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282996/enhancing-outcomes-for-persons-with-co-occurring-disorders-through-skills-training-and-peer-recovery-support
#11
Maria J O'Connell, Elizabeth H Flanagan, Miriam E Delphin-Rittmon, Larry Davidson
BACKGROUND: "Recovery supports", often provided by persons in recovery themselves, have emerged over the last decade as important components of recovery-oriented systems of care for persons with substance use disorders. AIMS: This study assesses the benefit of adding peer recovery supports to the care of adults with co-occurring psychosis and substance use. METHOD: 137 adults with both disorders who had at least one prior admission within the past year were recruited during an index hospitalization into a randomized trial of standard care vs skills training with and without a peer-led social engagement program...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221059/emotion-focused-therapy-for-social-anxiety-disorder-results-from-a-multiple-baseline-study
#12
Ben Shahar, Eran Bar-Kalifa, Eve Alon
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of emotion-focused therapy (EFT) for adults suffering from social anxiety disorder (SAD). METHOD: Using a nonconcurrent multiple-baseline design, 12 patients (mean age = 26.75 years, SD = 5.15; 7 males) meeting criteria for SAD were treated with up to 28 sessions of EFT. EFT was based on an empathic relationship, 2-chair work for self-criticism, empty-chair work for unresolved feelings, and focusing...
March 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220089/emotion-regulation-therapy-a-mechanism-targeted-treatment-for-disorders-of-distress
#13
Megan E Renna, Jean M Quintero, David M Fresco, Douglas S Mennin
"Distress disorders," which include generalized anxiety disorder and major depression are often highly comorbid with each other and appear to be characterized by common temperamental features that reflect heightened sensitivity to underlying motivational systems related to threat/safety and reward/loss. Further, individuals with distress disorders tend to utilize self-referential processes (e.g., worry, rumination, self-criticism) in a maladaptive attempt to respond to motivationally relevant distress, often resulting in suboptimal contextual learning...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192764/adolescent-depressive-symptoms-in-india-australia-and-usa-exploratory-structural-equation-modelling-of-cross-national-invariance-and-predictions-by-gender-and-age
#14
Andrew J Lewis, Bosco Rowland, Aiden Tran, Renatti F Solomon, George C Patton, Richard F Catalano, John W Toumbourou
BACKGROUND: The present study compares depressive symptoms in adolescents from three countries: Mumbai, India; Seattle, United States; and Melbourne, Australia measured using the Short Moods and Feelings Questionnaire (SMFQ). The study cross nationally compares SMFQ depressive symptom responses by age and gender. METHODS: Data from a cross-nationally matched survey were used to compare factorial and measurement characteristics from samples of students from Grade 7 and 9 in Mumbai, India (n=3268) with the equivalent cohorts in the Washington State, USA (n=1907) and Victoria, Australia (n=1900)...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167436/the-physiological-and-emotional-effects-of-touch-assessing-a-hand-massage-intervention-with-high-self-critics
#15
Frances A Maratos, Joana Duarte, Christopher Barnes, Kirsten McEwan, David Sheffield, Paul Gilbert
Research demonstrates that highly self-critical individuals can respond negatively to the initial introduction of a range of therapeutic interventions. Yet touch as a form of therapeutic intervention in self-critical individuals has received limited prior investigation, despite documentation of its beneficial effects for well-being. Using the Forms of Self-Criticism/Self-Reassuring Scale, 15 high- and 14 low- self-critical individuals (from a sample of 139 females) were recruited to assess how self-criticism impacts upon a single instance of focused touch...
January 25, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135620/finding-the-link-between-internalized-weight-stigma-and-binge-eating-behaviors-in-portuguese-adult-women-with-overweight-and-obesity-the-mediator-role-of-self-criticism-and-self-reassurance
#16
Lara Palmeira, José Pinto-Gouveia, Marina Cunha, Sérgio Carvalho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Eating Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124451/befree-a-new-psychological-program-for-binge-eating-that-integrates-psychoeducation-mindfulness-and-compassion
#17
José Pinto-Gouveia, Sérgio A Carvalho, Lara Palmeira, Paula Castilho, Cristiana Duarte, Cláudia Ferreira, Joana Duarte, Marina Cunha, Marcela Matos, Joana Costa
Binge eating disorder (BED) is associated with several psychological and medical problems, such as obesity. Approximately 30% of individuals seeking weight loss treatments present binge eating symptomatology. Moreover, current treatments for BED lack efficacy at follow-up assessments. Developing mindfulness and self-compassion seem to be beneficial in treating BED, although there is still room for improvement, which may include integrating these different but complimentary approaches. BEfree is the first program integrating psychoeducation-, mindfulness-, and compassion-based components for treating women with binge eating and obesity...
January 25, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119138/exploring-the-efficacy-of-an-acceptance-mindfulness-compassionate-based-group-intervention-for-women-struggling-with-their-weight-kg-free-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Lara Palmeira, José Pinto-Gouveia, Marina Cunha
This randomized-controlled trial aims to test the efficacy of a group intervention (Kg-Free) for women with overweight or obesity based on mindfulness, ACT and compassion approaches. The intervention aimed to reduce weight self-stigma and unhealthy eating patterns and increase quality-of-life (QoL). Seventy-three women, aged between 18 and 55 years old, with BMI ≥25 without binge-eating seeking weight loss treatment were randomly assigned to intervention or control groups. Kg-Free comprises 10 weekly group sessions plus 2 booster fortnightly sessions, of 2h30 h each...
May 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107449/the-impact-of-shame-self-criticism-and-social-rank-on-eating-behaviours-in-overweight-and-obese-women-participating-in-a-weight-management-programme
#19
Cristiana Duarte, Marcela Matos, R James Stubbs, Corinne Gale, Liam Morris, Jose Pinto Gouveia, Paul Gilbert
Recent research has suggested that obesity is a stigmatised condition. Concerns with personal inferiority (social rank), shame and self-criticism may impact on weight management behaviours. The current study examined associations between social comparison (shame, self-criticism), negative affect and eating behaviours in women attending a community based weight management programme focused on behaviour change. 2,236 participants of the programme completed an online survey using measures of shame, self-criticism, social comparison, and weight-related affect, which were adapted to specifically address eating behaviour, weight and body shape perceptions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105897/-finding-the-person-you-really-are-%C3%A2-on-the-inside
#20
Neil E Clapton, Jonathan Williams, Gemma M Griffith, Robert Sp Jones
This study utilized a mixed methods approach to examine the feasibility and acceptability of group compassion focused therapy for adults with intellectual disabilities (CFT-ID). Six participants with mild ID participated in six sessions of group CFT, specifically adapted for adults with ID. Session-by-session feasibility and acceptability measures suggested that participants understood the group content and process and experienced group sessions and experiential practices as helpful and enjoyable. Thematic analysis of focus groups identified three themes relating to (1) direct experiences of the group, (2) initial difficulties in being self-compassionate and (3) positive emotional changes...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities: JOID
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