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Eva O Melin, Ralph Svensson, Hans O Thulesius
OBJECTIVES: Feasibility testing of a psychoeducational method -The Affect School and Script Analyses (ASSA) - in a Swedish primary care setting. Exploring associations between psychological, and medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS). DESIGN: Pilot study. SETTING: Three Swedish primary care centers serving 20,000 people. INTERVENTION: 8 weekly 2-hour sessions with a 5-7 participant group led by two instructors - followed by 10 individual hour-long sessions...
June 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
Francesco Gazzillo, Bernard Gorman, Marshall Bush, George Silberschatz, Cristina Mazza, Filippo Faccini, Valeria Crisafulli, Roberta Alesiani, Emma De Luca
This article introduces the Interpersonal Guilt Rating Scale-15 (IGRS-15), a brief clinician-rated tool for the clinical assessment of interpersonal guilt as conceived in Control-Mastery Theory (CMT; Silberschatz, 2015; Weiss, 1993), and its psychometric proprieties. The items of the IGRS-15 were derived from the CMT clinical and empirical literature about guilt, and from the authors' clinical experiences. Twenty-eight clinicians assessed 154 patients with the IGRS-15, the patient self-reported Interpersonal Guilt Questionnaire-67 (IGQ-67; O'Connor, Berry, Weiss, Bush, & Sampson, 1997), and the Clinical Data Form (CDF; Westen & Shedler, 1999)...
2017: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
Alixandra C Burks, Robert J Cramer, Craig E Henderson, Caroline H Stroud, James W Crosby, James Graham
The present study examines two central research questions. First, we sought to add to current knowledge on the frequency and types of hate crime experiences in an urban sample. Also, drawing on existing frameworks for sexual minority specific (SMS) stress, we examined internalized SMS stress (defined by internalized homophobia and acceptance concerns regarding one's minority status) as a mediator of the association between hate crime victimization (i.e., objective or social SMS stress) and mental health symptoms (i...
February 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Cleo Kritzinger, Eva-Juliane Vollstedt, Katja Hückelheim, Anne Lorwin, Julia Graf, Sinem Tunc, Christine Klein, Meike Kasten
BACKGROUND: Depression is common in Parkinson's disease (PD); in light of typical PD pathology it may differ phenomenologically from depression in the general population. OBJECTIVE: To assess depressive symptoms in PD patients and control groups and compare symptom profiles. METHODS: After postal screening of 10,000 citizens of Lübeck, 642 participants were examined and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) was sufficiently answered by 477 subjects...
2015: Behavioural Neurology
Cristiana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia, Tânia Rodrigues
The current study examined the associations between peer victimization, body image shame, self-criticism, self-reassurance, depressive symptoms and eating psychopathology in 609 female adolescents. Correlational analyses showed that being the victim of bullying was positively associated with body image shame, self-criticism, with low self-reassurance, depressive symptoms and eating psychopathology. A path analysis indicated that victimization experiences were associated with increased depressive symptoms partially through increased levels of body image shame, and a severe form of self-criticism - hated self...
October 2015: Journal of Adolescence
Emma Forsén Mantilla, Andreas Birgegård
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown self-image according to the interpersonal Structural Analysis of Social Behavior model, to relate to and predict eating disorder symptoms and outcomes. METHODS: We examined associations between self-reported self-image and ED symptoms in three groups of 16-25 year old females: healthy (N = 388), non help-seeking (N = 227) and clinical (N = 6384). Analyses were divided into age groups of 16-18 and 19-25 years, and the patient sample was divided into diagnostic groups...
2015: Journal of Eating Disorders
Taylor Kohut, Jodie L Baer, Brendan Watts
According to radical feminist theory, pornography serves to further the subordination of women by training its users, males and females alike, to view women as little more than sex objects over whom men should have complete control. Composite variables from the General Social Survey were used to test the hypothesis that pornography users would hold attitudes that were more supportive of gender nonegalitarianism than nonusers of pornography. Results did not support hypotheses derived from radical feminist theory...
2016: Journal of Sex Research
Dor Ben-Amotz
Processes ranging from oil-water phase separation to the formation of solid clathrate hydrates send mixed messages regarding whether oil molecules hate or love to be surrounded by water. Recent experimental and theoretical results help decipher these mixed messages by illuminating the conditions under which the stability of a hydrophobic contact is expected to exceed thermal energy fluctuations - thus facilitating hydrophobic self-assembly and the emergence of structure from randomness. Important open questions remain regarding the dependence of hydrophobic interactions on molecular size and temperature, as well as the balance of direct and water-mediated interactions...
May 7, 2015: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Heinz Flamm
The Viennese surgeon Emerich Ullmann who was trained in rabies vaccination by Pasteur personally started his activity in Vienna on 28.6.1886 vaccinating persons of Austria-Hungary been bitten by rabid animals. Whereas Prof. v.Frisch of the other surgical clinic who also had visited Pasteur carried out animal experiments which urged him to disapprove Pasteur's human rabies vaccination. Ullmann vaccinated with great success but soon there appeared obstructions in Viennese medical journals and hateful discussions in the Austrian Parliament against Pasteur and Ullmann...
August 2015: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
Sari L Reisner, Jaclyn M White Hughto, Emilia E Dunham, Katherine J Heflin, Jesse Blue Glass Begenyi, Julia Coffey-Esquivel, Sean Cahill
POLICY POINTS: Since 2012, Massachusetts law has provided legal protections against discrimination on the basis of gender identity in employment, housing, credit, public education, and hate crimes. The law does not protect against discrimination based on gender identity in public accommodations settings such as transportation, retail stores, restaurants, health care facilities, and bathrooms. A 2013 survey of Massachusetts transgender and other gender minority adults found that in the past 12 months, 65% had experienced public accommodations discrimination since the law was passed...
September 2015: Milbank Quarterly
Monika Szymanska, Julie Monnin, Nicolas Noiret, Grégory Tio, Lucie Galdon, Eric Laurent, Sylvie Nezelof, Lauriane Vulliez-Coady
Emotional pictures are commonly used as visual stimuli in a number of research fields. Choosing relevant visual stimuli to induce emotion is fundamental in attachment and affective research. Attachment theory provides a theoretical basis for the understanding of emotional and relational problems, and is especially related to two specific emotions: distress and comfort. The lack of normalized visual stimuli soliciting these attachment-related emotions has led us to create and validate a new photographic database: the Besançon Affective Picture Set-Adolescents...
August 30, 2015: Psychiatry Research
Giulia Bucchioni, Thierry Lelard, Said Ahmaidi, Olivier Godefroy, Pierre Krystkowiak, Harold Mouras
Empathy allows us to understand and react to other people's feelings and sensations; we can more accurately judge another person's situation when we are aware of his/her emotions. Empathy for pain is a good working model of the behavioral and neural processes involved in empathy in general. Although the influence of perspective-taking processes (notably "Self" vs. "Other") on pain rating has been studied, the impact of the degree of familiarity with the person representing the "Other" perspective has not been previously addressed...
2015: PloS One
Miriam Liss, Mindy J Erchull
Self-objectification is related to maladaptive mental health variables, but little is known about what could ameliorate these associations. Self-compassion, a construct associated with mindfulness, involves taking a non-judgmental attitude toward the self. In this study, 306 college-aged women were recruited; those who were highest (n=106) and lowest (n=104) in self-compassion were retained for analyses. Levels of body surveillance, body shame, depression, and negative eating attitudes were lower in the high self-compassion group...
June 2015: Body Image
Patricia Cotti
On 22 July 2011, a 32-year-old Norwegian launched two planned murderous rampages claiming the lives of 77 victims. Shortly before his attacks, Anders Behring Breivik uploaded to the internet a self-styled compendium written in English in which he explained the motivation for his attacks. By deconstructing this text and the documentation contained in the first [court-ordered] psychiatric evaluation of Breivik, we can undertake to analyse his sense of persecution. In pursing this analysis, we start with Breivik's description of his personal concept of contemporary European history and politics, and then proceed to the autobiographical and phantasmic aspects of his discourse...
August 2015: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Teresa C Martins, Maria Cristina Canavarro, Helena Moreira
OBJECTIVES: Although it is well established that adult attachment is associated with relationship quality, the mechanisms involved in this association are still poorly understood. Individual variables that are shaped in early attachment experiences, such as self-criticism, may be particularly important. The present study aimed to investigate the mediating role of self-criticism and self-reassurance on the association between attachment-related anxiety and avoidance and dyadic adjustment...
December 2015: Psychology and Psychotherapy
Cristiana Duarte, José Pinto-Gouveia, Cláudia Ferreira
Shame has been highlighted as a key component of eating psychopathology. However, the specific impact of body image shame on binge eating and the mechanisms through which it operates remained unexplored. The current study tests a model examining the role that body image shame plays in binge eating and the mediator effect of self-criticism on this association, while controlling for the effect of depressive symptoms, in 329 women from the general population and college students. Correlation analyses showed that binge eating is positively associated with depressive symptoms, body image shame, and self-criticism, namely with a more severe form of self-criticism characterized by self-disgust, hating and wanting to hurt the self - hated self...
December 2014: Eating Behaviors
Jitske Tiemensma, Cornelie D Andela, Alberto M Pereira, Johannes A Romijn, Nienke R Biermasz, Adrian A Kaptein
CONTEXT: Patients with adrenal insufficiency (AI) require daily and life-long hydrocortisone substitution with risks of under- and overreplacement, the necessity to adjust the dose in stressful situations, and a lack of clinical and biochemical parameters to assess optimal dosing. The spectrum of medication beliefs in patients with AI is currently unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine the possible association between illness perceptions and medication beliefs about hydrocortisone (HC) in patients with AI...
October 2014: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Kelly Bassett Greer, Nicole Campione-Barr, Anna K Lindell
The sibling relationship has been deemed the quintessential "love-hate relationship." Sibling relationships have also been found to have both positive and negative impacts on the adjustment of youth. Unlike previous research, however, the present study examined the associations between siblings' positive and negative body-related disclosures with relationship quality and body-esteem. Additionally, ordinal position, individual sex, and sibling sex composition were tested as moderators. Participants included 101 predominantly White and middle class adolescent sibling dyads (54 % female adolescents, with relatively equal sibling gender compositions)...
August 2015: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Leonardo Bobadilla
Lankford shows that suicide terrorists have much in common with maladjusted persons who die by suicide. However, what differentiates suicidal killers from those who "only" commit suicide? A key element may be vulnerable narcissism. Narcissism has been simultaneously linked to interpersonal aggression, achievement, and depression. These traits may explain the paradoxical picture of a person who may appear "normal" in some aspects, and yet hate himself and others so intensely as to seek mutual destruction.
August 2014: Behavioral and Brain Sciences
Robbert Wille
This paper presents 'the shame of existing' as a form of shame that is deeper and more extensive than those customarily encountered. 'The shame of existing' is defined as shame about existing as we are and especially at the fact that we are. It is accompanied by merciless and total rejection of the subject's self and by feelings of extreme worthlessness and inferiority coupled with the all-pervasive conviction that it would be better not to exist. On the basis of clinical material, consideration is given to the specific transference and countertransference aspects of analyses in which the shame of existing constitutes an important part of the patient's pathology...
August 2014: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
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