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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219033/complex-relationships-among-masculine-norms-and-health-well-being-outcomes-correlation-patterns-of-the-conformity-to-masculine-norms-inventory-subscales
#1
Zachary T Gerdes, Ronald F Levant
The Conformity to Masculine Norms Inventory (CMNI) is a widely used multidimensional scale. Studies using the CMNI most often report only total scale scores, which are predominantly associated with negative outcomes. Various studies since the CMNI's inception in 2003 using subscales have reported both positive and negative outcomes. The current content analysis examined studies ( N = 17) correlating the 11 subscales with 63 criterion variables across 7 categories. Most findings were consistent with past research using total scale scores that reported negative outcomes...
December 1, 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218565/alliance-and-treatment-outcome-in-family-involved-treatment-for-youth-problems-a-three-level-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
M J Welmers-van de Poll, J J Roest, T van der Stouwe, A L van den Akker, G J J M Stams, V Escudero, G J Overbeek, J J W de Swart
Alliance has been shown to predict treatment outcome in family-involved treatment for youth problems in several studies. However, meta-analytic research on alliance in family-involved treatment is scarce, and to date, no meta-analytic study on the alliance-outcome association in this field has paid attention to moderating variables. We included 28 studies reporting on the alliance-outcome association in 21 independent study samples of families receiving family-involved treatment for youth problems (N = 2126 families, M age youth ranging from 10...
December 7, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216484/beliefs-about-the-causes-of-and-treatments-for-depression-and-bipolar-disorder-among-south-koreans
#3
Subin Park, Hyesue Jang, Adrian Furnham, Mina Jeon, Se Jin Park
Public beliefs about psychiatric disorders are important for understanding help-seeking behaviours. We investigated factors that affect South Koreans' beliefs about the causes and treatment of depression and bipolar disorder. We recruited 654 participants aged 15-54 years using an online panel survey. Participants completed two questionnaires: 34 possible causes of and 33 possible treatments for depression and bipolar disorder. For both disorders, the questionnaires about causes revealed four factors: social-environmental, God/fate, heath/lifestyle, and biological; the questionnaires about treatments revealed five factors: self-help/stress management, physical treatment/health management, seeking mental health services, religious help, and resting...
November 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210501/women-s-experiences-of-seeking-and-receiving-psychological-and-psychosocial-interventions-for-postpartum-depression-a-systematic-review-and-thematic-synthesis-of-the-qualitative-literature
#4
REVIEW
Holly Hadfield, Anja Wittkowski
INTRODUCTION: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a serious maternal disorder that can have adverse effects on maternal and infant health. The importance of offering effective and acceptable treatments is well recognized, particularly given the numerous barriers women in many settings face in accessing interventions for PPD. The aim of this systematic review was to synthesize qualitative research exploring women's experiences of professional psychological and psychosocial support for PPD. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted in April 2017 by searching 5 electronic databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed, Ovid, and Web of Science)...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208617/stigma-towards-mental-illness-among-medical-and-nursing-students-in-singapore-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Sherilyn Chang, Hui Lin Ong, Esmond Seow, Boon Yiang Chua, Edimansyah Abdin, Ellaisha Samari, Wen Lin Teh, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
OBJECTIVES: To assess stigma towards people with mental illness among Singapore medical and nursing students using the Opening Minds Stigma Scale for Health Care Providers (OMS-HC), and to examine the relationship of students' stigmatising attitudes with sociodemographic and education factors. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted in Singapore PARTICIPANTS: The study was conducted among 1002 healthcare (502 medical and 500 nursing) students during April to September 2016...
December 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208076/improving-diagnostic-communication-in-dementia
#6
Sheung-Tak Cheng, Linda C W Lam
In many countries around the world, owing to the lack of specialists and equipment, delay up to a few years in help-seeking and getting diagnostic examinations for dementia is not uncommon (Sayegh and Knight, 2013), and this situation is considerably more serious in "atypical dementias" due to the challenge they present for differential diagnosis. For instance, a survey in the USA showed that misdiagnosis was common in patients with Lewy body dementia who, on average, saw at least three physicians over a year's time or more before getting the proper diagnosis (Lewy Body Dementia Association, 2010)...
December 6, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206481/age-memory-loss-and-perceptions-of-dementia-in-south-asian-ethnic-minorities
#7
Clarissa M Giebel, Angela Worden, David Challis, David Jolley, Kamaldeep Singh Bhui, Ahmed Lambat, Eleni Kampanellou, Nitin Purandare
BACKGROUND: South Asian older adults are represented less frequently in mainstream mental health services or those for people with dementia. This study aimed to explore in detail the perceptions of dementia (symptoms, causes, consequences, treatments) held by South Asians and to discern how these understandings vary by age and by the self-recognition of memory problems, as these influence help-seeking behaviour. METHODS: Participants were allocated to three groups: younger adults; older adults; and older adults with subjective memory problems...
December 5, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205343/honest-open-proud-for-adolescents-with-mental-illness-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Nadine Mulfinger, Sabine Müller, Isabel Böge, Vehbi Sakar, Patrick W Corrigan, Sara Evans-Lacko, Luise Nehf, Julia Djamali, Anna Samarelli, Michael Kempter, Christian Ruckes, Gerhard Libal, Nathalie Oexle, Michele Noterdaeme, Nicolas Rüsch
BACKGROUND: Due to public stigma or self-stigma and shame, many adolescents with mental illness (MI) struggle with the decision whether to disclose their MI to others. Both disclosure and nondisclosure are associated with risks and benefits. Honest, Open, Proud (HOP) is a peer-led group program that supports participants with disclosure decisions in order to reduce stigma's impact. Previously, HOP had only been evaluated among adults with MI. METHODS: This two-arm pilot randomized controlled trial included 98 adolescents with MI...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202783/influences-on-anticipated-time-to-ovarian-cancer-symptom-presentation-in-women-at-increased-risk-compared-to-population-risk-of-ovarian-cancer
#9
Stephanie Smits, Jacky Boivin, Usha Menon, Kate Brain
BACKGROUND: In the absence of routine ovarian cancer screening, promoting help-seeking in response to ovarian symptoms is a potential route to early diagnosis. The factors influencing women's anticipated time to presentation with potential ovarian cancer symptoms were examined. METHODS: Cross-sectional questionnaires were completed by a sample of women at increased familial risk (n = 283) and population risk (n = 1043) for ovarian cancer. Measures included demographic characteristics, symptom knowledge, anticipated time to symptom presentation, and health beliefs (perceived susceptibility, worry, perceived threat, confidence in symptom detection, benefits and barriers to presentation)...
December 4, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202773/process-evaluation-of-the-systematic-medical-appraisal-referral-and-treatment-smart-mental-health-project-in-rural-india
#10
Abha Tewari, Sudha Kallakuri, Siddhardha Devarapalli, Vivekanand Jha, Anushka Patel, Pallab K Maulik
BACKGROUND: Availability of basic mental health services is limited in rural areas of India. Health system and individual level factors such as lack of mental health professionals and infrastructure, poor awareness about mental health, stigma related to help seeking, are responsible for poor awareness and use of mental health services. We implemented a mental health services delivery model that leveraged technology and task sharing to facilitate identification and treatment of common mental disorders (CMDs) such as stress, depression, anxiety and suicide risk in rural areas of the state of Andhra Pradesh, India...
December 4, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201365/development-of-guidelines-for-giving-community-presentations-about-eating-disorders-a-delphi-study
#11
Joanna Rachel Doley, Laura Merilyn Hart, Arthur Anthony Stukas, Amy Joanna Morgan, Danielle Lisa Rowlands, Susan Jessica Paxton
Background: Concerns exist around how to talk about eating disorders (EDs) due to evidence that suggests discussing ED symptoms and behaviours may cause or worsen symptoms in vulnerable people. Using expert consensus, we developed a set of guidelines for giving safe community presentations about EDs. Methods: Participants with professional ED expertise, and people with lived experience of an ED, were recruited for a Delphi study. N = 26 panel members rated 367 statements for both a) inclusion in guidelines, and b) their potential to be helpful (increase knowledge, reduce stigma) or harmful (increase stigma, cause/worsen ED symptoms)...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199451/the-support-needs-of-family-caregivers-of-persons-with-dementia-in-india-implications-for-health-services
#12
Neha Lamech, Shruti Raghuraman, Sridhar Vaitheswaran, Thara Rangaswamy
The World Alzheimer's Report estimates that 4.1 million people in India have dementia. Caregivers of persons with dementia face physical, psychological, social and financial problems related to caring for a person with dementia. Literature on the caregiving experience however is highly specific to the sociocultural context and cannot be generalized. In low and middle income countries much of the caregiving takes place in people's homes and is provided by family caregivers. Aim This study aims to explore the needs and challenges of family caregivers in Chennai, India...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196773/effects-of-contact-based-mental-illness-stigma-reduction-programs-age-gender-and-asian-latino-and-white-american-differences
#13
Eunice C Wong, Rebecca L Collins, Jennifer L Cerully, Jennifer W Yu, Rachana Seelam
PURPOSE: Mental illness stigma disproportionately affects help seeking among youth, men, and ethnic minorities. As part of a comprehensive statewide initiative to reduce mental illness stigma and discrimination in California, a broad set of contact-based educational programs were widely disseminated. This study examined whether the effects of contact-based educational programs varied depending on the age, gender, and race-ethnicity of participants. METHODS: Participants (N = 4122) attended a contact-based educational program that was delivered as part of the statewide initiative to reduce mental illness stigma and discrimination...
December 2, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190128/suicide-prevention-media-campaigns-a-systematic-literature-review
#14
Jane Pirkis, Alyssia Rossetto, Angela Nicholas, Maria Ftanou, Jo Robinson, Nicola Reavley
Suicide prevention media campaigns are gaining traction as a means of combatting suicide. The current review set out to synthesize information about the effectiveness of these campaigns. We searched four electronic databases for studies that provided evidence on the effectiveness of media campaigns. We focused on studies that described an evaluation of the effectiveness of an entire campaign or a public service announcement explicitly aimed at suicide prevention. We identified 20 studies of varying quality...
November 30, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187412/protocol-for-the-melatools-skin-self-monitoring-trial-a-phase-ii-randomised-controlled-trial-of-an-intervention-for-primary-care-patients-at-higher-risk-of-melanoma
#15
Katie Mills, Jon Emery, Rebecca Lantaff, Michael Radford, Merel Pannebakker, Per Hall, Nigel Burrows, Kate Williams, Catherine L Saunders, Peter Murchie, Fiona M Walter
INTRODUCTION: Melanoma is the fifth most common cancer in the UK. Incidence rates have quadrupled over the last 30 years and continue to rise, especially among younger people. As routine screening of the general population is not currently recommended in the UK, a focus on secondary prevention through early detection and prompt treatment in individuals at increased risk of melanoma could make an important contribution to improve melanoma outcomes. This paper describes the protocol for a phase II, multisite, randomised controlled trial, in the primary care setting, for patients at increased risk of melanoma...
November 28, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181088/improving-detection-of-mental-health-problems-in-community-settings-in-nepal-development-and-pilot-testing-of-the-community-informant-detection-tool
#16
Prasansa Subba, Nagendra P Luitel, Brandon A Kohrt, Mark J D Jordans
Background: Despite increasing efforts to expand availability of mental health services throughout the world, there continues to be limited utilization of these services by persons with mental illness and their families. Community-based detection that facilitates identification and referral of people with mental health problems has been advocated as an effective strategy to increase help-seeking and service utilization. The Community Informant Detection Tool (CIDT) was developed for the community informants to identify people with depression, psychosis, alcohol use problems, epilepsy, and child behavioral problems in community settings...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179823/the-importance-of-perceived-need-in-help-seeking-for-japanese-women-a-preliminary-investigation-of-sociocultural-contributions
#17
Denise Saint Arnault, Seoyoon Woo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173201/duration-of-untreated-psychosis-and-neurocognitive-functioning-in-first-episode-psychosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
K Allott, D Fraguas, C F Bartholomeusz, C M Díaz-Caneja, C Wannan, E M Parrish, G P Amminger, C Pantelis, C Arango, P D McGorry, M Rapado-Castro
BACKGROUND: Previous reviews suggest there is minimal evidence for an association between duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) and neurocognition. This is based on tallied findings of studies with small samples and neurocognition viewed as a single construct. We aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis examining the association between DUP and individual neurocognitive domains and tests in first-episode psychosis (FEP). METHOD: MOOSE and PRISMA guidelines were followed...
November 27, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173080/eating-disorder-mental-health-literacy-what-do-psychologists-naturopaths-and-fitness-instructors-know
#19
Kate A Worsfold, Jeanie K Sheffield
At present, there are no known studies investigating the eating disorder mental health literacy (ED-MHL) of common frontline health providers such as psychologists, naturopaths, and fitness instructors. Little research also exists around practitioner knowledge for the spectrum of eating disorders. The current study sought to fill these research gaps and comprised 115 health practitioners who completed an online survey. A fictional vignette describing a female (Sarah) experiencing a subthreshold bulimic variant without purging was presented alongside common ED-MHL items...
November 27, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172055/offspring-of-depressed-and-anxious-patients-help-seeking-after-first-onset-of-a-mood-and-or-anxiety-disorder
#20
Petra J Havinga, Catharina A Hartman, Ellen Visser, Maaike H Nauta, Brenda W J H Penninx, Lynn Boschloo, Robert A Schoevers
BACKGROUND: Offspring of patients with depressive and/or anxiety disorders are at high risk of developing a similar disorder themselves. Early recognition and treatment may have substantial effects on prognosis. The main aim of this study was to examine the time to initial help-seeking and its determinants in offspring after the first onset of a mood and/or anxiety disorder. METHODS: Data are presented of 215 offspring with a mood and/or anxiety disorder participating in a cohort study with 10 year follow-up...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
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