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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106920/self-admission-to-inpatient-treatment-for-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-the-patient-s-perspective
#1
Mattias Strand, Cynthia M Bulik, Yvonne von Hausswolff-Juhlin, Sanna A Gustafsson
The aim of the present study was to explore patients' experiences of participating in a self-admission program at a specialist eating disorders clinic. Sixteen adult program participants with a diagnosis of anorexia nervosa were interviewed at 6 months about their experiences in the self-admission program. A qualitative content analysis approach was applied to identify recurring themes. Four themes were identified: Agency and Flexibility, Functions, Barriers, and Applicability. Participants used self-admission to boost healthy behaviors, to prevent deterioration, to forestall the need for longer periods of hospitalizations, and to get a break from overwhelming demands...
January 20, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103765/depression-and-suicidality-in-gay-men
#2
Carrie Lee, John L Oliffe, Mary T Kelly, Olivier Ferlatte
Gay men are a subgroup vulnerable to depression and suicidality. The prevalence of depression among gay men is three times higher than the general adult population. Because depression is a known risk factor for suicide, gay men are also at high risk for suicidality. Despite the high prevalence of depression and suicidality, health researchers and health care providers have tended to focus on sexual health issues, most often human immunodeficiency virus in gay men. Related to this, gay men's health has often been defined by sexual practices, and poorly understood are the intersections of gay men's physical and mental health with social determinants of health including ethnicity, locale, education level, and socioeconomic status...
December 1, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103706/disclosure-of-physical-emotional-and-sexual-child-abuse-help-seeking-and-access-to-abuse-response-services-in-two-south-african-provinces
#3
Franziska Meinck, Lucie Cluver, Heidi Loening-Voysey, Rachel Bray, Jenny Doubt, Marisa Casale, Lorraine Sherr
Physical, emotional and sexual child abuse are major problems in South Africa. This study investigates whether children know about post-abuse services, if they disclose and seek services, and what the outcomes of help-seeking behaviour are. It examines factors associated with request and receipt of services. Confidential self-report questionnaires were completed by adolescents aged 10-17 (n = 3515) in South Africa. Prevalence of frequent (>weekly) physical abuse was 7.4%, frequent emotional abuse 12.4%, and lifetime contact sexual abuse 9...
January 19, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103407/the-course-and-correlates-of-combat-related-ptsd-in-australian-vietnam-veterans-in-the-three-decades-after-the-war
#4
Brian I O'Toole, Stanley V Catts
Australian male Vietnam veterans (N = 388) were assessed 22 and 36 years after their return to Australia using standardized diagnostic interviews, with added data from Army records and self-report questionnaires. Among veterans who ever had posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), 50.3% had a current diagnosis at the second assessment; of those who had a current diagnosis at Wave 1, 46.9% were also current at Wave 2. Late onset occurred for 19.0% of veterans, of whom 60.8% were current at Wave 2. Multivariate analysis compared veterans with no history of PTSD (n = 231) with veterans who had ever had PTSD (n = 157) to assess risk factors for PTSD incidence; and veterans with a history, but not current PTSD (n = 78) with veterans who had current PTSD at the second assessment (n = 79) to assess risk factors for failure to remit...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102617/feasibility-of-a-psychosis-information-intervention-to-improve-mental-health-literacy-for-professional-groups-in-contact-with-young-people
#5
Marie Sutton, Donal O'Keeffe, Timothy Frawley, Kevin Madigan, Felicity Fanning, Elizabeth Lawlor, Eric Roche, Aine Kelly, Niall Turner, Arielle Horenstein, Eadbhard O'Callaghan, Mary Clarke
The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of a psychosis information intervention for professionals in contact with young people in Ireland. A quasi-experimental pre- and post-intervention design was used. One thousand and thirty-two professionals received an information intervention designed to improve mental health literacy (MHL) and confidence in providing help to people with psychosis. Seven hundred and fifty-five participants completed the Psychosis Information and Confidence Questionnaire pre- and post-intervention...
January 19, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098508/evaluation-of-a-social-norms-approach-to-a-suicide-prevention-campaign
#6
Kami J Silk, Evan K Perrault, Samantha A Nazione, Kristin Pace, Jan Collins-Eaglin
Suicide is a leading cause of death for college-aged youth, and university counseling centers (UCC) strive to educate students about mental health issues and available campus services. The current research evaluates a college campus social norms campaign that used both peer and celebrity sources to promote help seeking among college students as a suicide prevention strategy. Postcampaign surveys of this quasi-experiment (n = 391) revealed that compared to students in the control neighborhood condition, students exposed to the campaign messages in the experimental neighborhood conditions were more likely to perceive students would refer a friend to the UCC and more likely to visit the UCC for a mental health concern...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095844/barriers-and-facilitators-of-help-seeking-among-unemployed-persons-with-mental-health-problems-a-qualitative-study
#7
Tobias Staiger, Tamara Waldmann, Nicolas Rüsch, Silvia Krumm
BACKGROUND: Unemployed people with mental health problems often do not use mental health services and therefore do not benefit from available therapies. As unemployed individuals outside the healthcare system are a hard-to-reach group, barriers to and facilitators of mental health service use are poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to identify barriers to and facilitators of help-seeking and service use based on experiences of unemployed people with mental health problems...
January 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095726/male-professional-footballers-experiences-of-mental-health-difficulties-and-help-seeking
#8
Susan Wood, Lesley K Harrison, Jo Kucharska
OBJECTIVES: Male professional footballers (Soccer) represent an at-risk population of developing mental health difficulties and not accessing professional support. One in four current footballers report mental health difficulties. Higher prevalence is reported after retirement. This qualitative study aimed to provide in-depth insight into male professional footballers' lived experiences of mental health difficulties and help-seeking. METHODS: Seven participants were interviewed...
January 18, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090667/children-and-young-people-s-conceptualizations-of-depression-a-systematic-review-and-narrative-meta-synthesis
#9
REVIEW
N Georgakakou-Koutsonikou, J M Williams
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing research interest in conceptualizations of mental illness, examined in association with help-seeking, stigma and treatment preferences. A recent focus on young people's concepts has been identified, with depression being one of the most examined conditions. METHODS: The purpose of this systematic review is to synthesize evidence on children and adolescents' conceptualizations of depression, adopting the model of illness representations...
January 15, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076531/anxious-and-depressed-women-s-experiences-of-emotional-suffering-and-help-seeking-in-a-rio-de-janeiro-favela
#10
Karen Athié, Christopher Dowrick, Alice Lopes do Amaral Menezes, Luanda Cruz, Ana Cristina Lima, Pedro Gabriel Godinho Delgado, Cesar Favoretto, Sandra Fortes
Taking into consideration issues such as stigma and the mental health gap, this study explores narratives of anxious and depressed women treated in a community-based primary care service in a Rio de Janeiro favela about their suffering and care. We analysed 13 in-depth interviews using questions from Kadam's study. Framework analysis studied Access, Gateway, Trust, Psychosocial Issues, and Primary Mental Health Care, as key-concepts. Vulnerability and accessibility were the theoretical references. Thematic analysis found "suffering category", highlighting family and community problems, and "help seeking category", indicating how these women have coped with their emotional problems and addressed their needs through health services, community resources and self-help...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068133/masculinity-and-barriers-to-seeking-counseling-the-buffering-role-of-self-compassion
#11
Patrick J Heath, Rachel E Brenner, David L Vogel, Daniel G Lannin, Haley A Strass
Less than 1/3 of college men seek psychological help per year when experiencing mental health concerns. Many believe this is because socialized masculine norms are incongruent with help-seeking decisions. In line with this, adherence to masculine norms, like emotional control and self-reliance, is consistently linked to factors associated with lower use of counseling. Identifying constructs that buffer, or reduce, the relationship between masculine norm adherence and common barriers to seeking help, like help-seeking self-stigma and resistance to self-disclosing, could shed light on mechanisms through which effective interventions could be developed...
January 2017: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067194/mapping-actions-to-improve-access-to-medicines-for-mental-disorders-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#12
C Barbui, T Dua, K Kolappa, B Saraceno, S Saxena
AIMS: In recent years a number of intergovernmental initiatives have been activated in order to enhance the capacity of countries to improve access to essential medicines, particularly for mental disorders. In May 2013 the 66th World Health Assembly adopted the World Health Organization (WHO) Comprehensive Mental Health Action Plan 2013-2020, which builds upon the work of WHO's Mental Health Gap Action Programme. Within this programme, evidence-based guidelines for mental disorders were developed, including recommendations on appropriate use of medicines...
January 9, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065520/the-socioecology-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-care-use-among-young-urban-minority-males
#13
Arik V Marcell, Anthony R Morgan, Renata Sanders, Nicole Lunardi, Nanlesta A Pilgrim, Jacky M Jennings, Kathleen R Page, Penny S Loosier, Patricia J Dittus
PURPOSE: To explore perceptions of facilitators/barriers to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) care use among an urban sample of African-American and Hispanic young men aged 15-24 years, including sexual minorities. METHODS: Focus groups were conducted between April 2013 and May 2014 in one mid-Atlantic U.S. city. Young men aged 15-24 years were recruited from eight community settings to participate in 12 groups. Moderator guide explored facilitators/barriers to SRH care use...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063467/informing-health-promotion-in-rural-men
#14
Gary M H Misan, Chloe Oosterbroek, Nathan J Wilson
Issue addressed: Despite the growth of Australian men's sheds, the body of evidence regarding the health status of members, their health concerns, interests, help- or health-seeking behaviour and their preferred format for receiving health information is limited. Methods: The study involved a cross-sectional study design with data collected from 11 rural South Australian (SA) men's sheds. The survey collected information across 5 domains: demographics; health history, status, concerns and interests; health knowledge; help-seeking behaviours and health information format preferences...
December 22, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054223/what-do-parents-perceive-are-the-barriers-and-facilitators-to-accessing-psychological-treatment-for-mental-health-problems-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-and-quantitative-studies
#15
REVIEW
Tessa Reardon, Kate Harvey, Magdalena Baranowska, Doireann O'Brien, Lydia Smith, Cathy Creswell
A minority of children and adolescents with mental health problems access treatment. The reasons for poor rates of treatment access are not well understood. As parents are a key gatekeeper to treatment access, it is important to establish parents' views of barriers/facilitators to accessing treatment. The aims of this study are to synthesise findings from qualitative and quantitative studies that report parents' perceptions of barriers/facilitators to accessing treatment for mental health problems in children/adolescents...
January 4, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053132/varieties-of-voice-hearing-psychics-and-the-psychosis-continuum
#16
Albert R Powers, Megan S Kelley, Philip R Corlett
Hearing voices that are not present is a prominent symptom of serious mental illness. However, these experiences may be common in the non-help-seeking population, leading some to propose the existence of a continuum of psychosis from health to disease. Thus far, research on this continuum has focused on what is impaired in help-seeking groups. Here we focus on protective factors in non-help-seeking voice-hearers. We introduce a new study population: clairaudient psychics who receive daily auditory messages...
January 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051976/military-mental-health-first-aid-development-and-preliminary-efficacy-of-a-community-training-for-improving-knowledge-attitudes-and-helping-behaviors
#17
Nathaniel Vincent Mohatt, Robert Boeckmann, Nicola Winkel, Dennis F Mohatt, Jay Shore
INTRODUCTION: Persistent stigma, lack of knowledge about mental health, and negative attitudes toward treatment are among the most significant barriers to military service members and veterans seeking behavioral health care. With the high rates of untreated behavioral health needs among service members and veterans, identifying effective programs for reducing barriers to care is a national priority. This study adapted Mental Health First Aid (MHFA), an evidence-based program for increasing mental health knowledge, decreasing stigma, and increasing laypeople's confidence in helping and frequency of referring people in need, for military and veteran populations and pilot tested the adapted training program with 4 Army National Guard armories...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044354/a-systematic-review-of-mass-media-campaigns-for-suicide-prevention-understanding-their-efficacy-and-the-mechanisms-needed-for-successful-behavioral-and-literacy-change
#18
Michelle Torok, Alison Calear, Fiona Shand, Helen Christensen
Mass media campaigns are increasingly seen as an important part of suicide prevention; however, despite their popularity, their efficacy is not well understood. The current review aimed to address key knowledge gaps regarding how mass media campaigns can be optimized to prevent suicide, by looking at their global efficacy, and mechanisms related to successful outcomes. A systematic review of the international literature examined studies which evaluated mass media campaigns targeted at suicide prevention, where suicide behaviors (mortality, attempts) or suicide literacy (knowledge, attitudes, help-seeking) was identified as a primary outcome...
January 3, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040575/stigma-toward-psychosis-and-its-formulation-process-prejudice-and-discrimination-against-early-stages-of-schizophrenia
#19
Yoko Baba, Takahiro Nemoto, Naohisa Tsujino, Taiju Yamaguchi, Naoyuki Katagiri, Masafumi Mizuno
BACKGROUND: Stigma toward psychosis can prevent social attendance and help-seeking behavior. Early detection and intervention has been shown to improve patient outcome in schizophrenia. The aim of this study was to reveal the characteristics and formulation process of stigma toward each clinical stage of schizophrenia, taking people's backgrounds into consideration. METHODS: The participants consisted of three groups: general public, patients with mental illness, and psychiatric professionals...
November 17, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039559/the-feasibility-of-a-web-intervention-for-military-and-veteran-spouses-concerned-about-their-partner-s-alcohol-misuse
#20
Karen Chan Osilla, Eric R Pedersen, Anagha Tolpadi, Stefanie Stern Howard, Jessica L Phillips, Kristie L Gore
Concerned partners (CPs) of military service members and veterans with alcohol misuse face significant help-seeking barriers. We adapted the Community Reinforcement and Family Training (CRAFT) intervention into a 4-session web-based intervention (WBI) called Partners Connect. The program aims to help the CP increase their own well-being, teach the CP how to manage his/her behavior (e.g., communication) toward their partner, and identify ways the CP can help their partner reduce drinking and seek treatment. We recruited CPs through social media, and then tested the feasibility and acceptance of the WBI by conducting qualitative interviews and post-WBI session surveys after their WBI sessions...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
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