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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655375/association-between-traumatic-stress-load-psychopathology-and-cognition-in-the-philadelphia-neurodevelopmental-cohort
#1
Ran Barzilay, Monica E Calkins, Tyler M Moore, Daniel H Wolf, Theodore D Satterthwaite, J Cobb Scott, Jason D Jones, Tami D Benton, Ruben C Gur, Raquel E Gur
BACKGROUND: Traumatic stressors during childhood and adolescence are associated with psychopathology, mostly studied in the context of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. We investigated broader associations of traumatic stress exposure with psychopathology and cognition in a youth community sample. METHODS: The Philadelphia Neurodevelopmental Cohort (N = 9498) is an investigation of clinical and neurobehavioral phenotypes in a diverse (56% Caucasian, 33% African American, 11% other) US youth community population (aged 8-21)...
April 15, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653067/who-is-willing-to-come-back-college-students-willingness-to-seek-help-after-using-campus-mental-health-services
#2
Sara B Oswalt, Alyssa M Lederer, Kimberly Chestnut-Steich
OBJECTIVE: To examine characteristics of college students who have previously received mental health (MH) services on campus and are willing to seek help again in the future. PARTICIPANTS: Spring 2015 ACHA-NCHA II (N = 12,501) undergraduate respondents who had previously used MH services on their current campus. METHODS: Binary logistic regression with willingness to seek MH services in the future as the dependent variable Results: Among students who had already utilized campus MH services, significant predictors for future help-seeking were: female, white, gay/lesbian, those not working for pay, having the college/university health insurance plan, and not currently/previously serving in the military (p<...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652623/beliefs-underlying-stress-reduction-and-depression-help-seeking-among-college-students-an-elicitation-study
#3
Marco Yzer, Julie Gilasevitch
OBJECTIVE: This study illustrates how a theory-based approach can identify college students' beliefs about stress reduction activities and help-seeking for depression. These beliefs are the basis for intervention design. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 53 undergraduate students at a public university in the Midwest participated in this research during March 2016. METHODS: An open-ended belief elicitation survey was administered online. Beliefs were identified through qualitative thematic analyses...
April 13, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627881/public-stigma-across-addictive-behaviors-casino-gambling-esports-gambling-and-internet-gaming
#4
Samuel C Peter, Qian Li, Rory A Pfund, James P Whelan, Andrew W Meyers
The negative psychological effects of public stigma on disordered gamblers have been well documented. Public stigma deters treatment-seeking and other help-seeking behaviors, and negatively impacts individuals' view of themselves. Different types of disordered gambling activities may attract different degrees of stigma. One increasingly popular form of gambling involves placing bets on the outcomes of competitive video games, also called eSports gambling. This activity shares characteristics with Internet gaming and gambling...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627703/suicide-literacy-predicts-the-provision-of-more-appropriate-support-to-people-experiencing-psychological-distress
#5
Tegan Cruwys, Soontae An, Melissa Xue-Ling Chang, Hannah Lee
Mental health literacy has been hailed as a public health priority to reduce stigma and increase help seeking. We examined the effect of suicide literacy on the type of help provided to those experiencing suicidal ideation. A community sample of 363 Australians were randomly assigned to read one of three messages from a member of their social network (the target). The target reported symptoms consistent with either (1) subclinical distress, (2) clinical depression, or (3) suicidal ideation. Participants were most likely to recommend social support and least likely to recommend professional help...
March 20, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626833/enablers-to-seeking-professional-help-for-psychological-distress-a-study-on-chinese-primary-care-attenders
#6
Kai Sing Sun, Tai Pong Lam, Kwok Fai Lam, Tak Lam Lo, David Vai Kiong Chao, Edmund Wing Wo Lam
This study investigated enablers to seeking professional help for psychological distress among Chinese primary care attenders in Hong Kong. Nine focus groups and six individual interviews were conducted among adult patients with/without known distress, significant others of the distressed, and the general public. The identified potential enablers were further investigated in a questionnaire survey with data from 1626 patients. Survey respondents who had sought professional help for distress (n = 231) and those without this experience (n = 1395) showed similar attitudes to the enabler items...
March 24, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626356/fit-to-father-online-accounts-of-lifestyle-changes-and-help-seeking-on-a-male-infertility-board
#7
Esmée Hanna, Brendan Gough, Nicky Hudson
The reproductive realm is routinely viewed as a feminised space requiring women's commitment and labour. By contrast, men's procreative contributions and 'reproductive masculinity' is represented as unproblematic, with men assumed to be fertile across the lifespan. Recent scientific research has, however, cast doubt over these longstanding assumptions, suggesting that a link does exist between 'lifestyle' factors and male fertility. The notion that fertility can be improved with effort (for both women and men) can be located within wider cultural and political shifts which construct individuals as increasingly responsible for acting on health messages and engaging in self-disciplining body projects...
April 6, 2018: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622528/impact-of-mental-health-screening-on-promoting-immediate-online-help-seeking-randomized-trial-comparing-normative-versus-humor-driven-feedback
#8
Isabella Choi, David N Milne, Mark Deady, Rafael A Calvo, Samuel B Harvey, Nick Glozier
BACKGROUND: Given the widespread availability of mental health screening apps, providing personalized feedback may encourage people at high risk to seek help to manage their symptoms. While apps typically provide personal score feedback only, feedback types that are user-friendly and increase personal relevance may encourage further help-seeking. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of providing normative and humor-driven feedback on immediate online help-seeking, defined as clicking on a link to an external resource, and to explore demographic predictors that encourage help-seeking...
April 5, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617709/what-happens-after-treatment-long-term-effects-of-continued-substance-use-psychiatric-problems-and-help-seeking-on-social-status-of-alcohol-dependent-individuals
#9
Katherine J Karriker-Jaffe, Jane Witbrodt, Meenakshi S Subbaraman, Lee Ann Kaskutas
Purpose: We examined whether alcohol-dependent individuals with sustained substance use or psychiatric problems after completing treatment were more likely to experience low social status and whether continued help-seeking would improve outcomes. Short summary: Ongoing alcohol, drug and psychiatric problems after completing treatment were associated with increased odds of low social status (unemployment, unstable housing and/or living in high-poverty neighborhood) over 7 years...
March 30, 2018: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617390/myeloma-patient-accounts-of-their-pathways-to-diagnosis
#10
Debra A Howell, Ruth I Hart, Alexandra G Smith, Una Macleod, Russell Patmore, Gordon Cook, Eve Roman
BACKGROUND: Pathways to myeloma diagnosis can be prolonged, and are often preceded by multiple GP consultations and emergency presentation. This is the first qualitative study to examine events leading to diagnosis by asking patients about their experiences during this time. METHODS: Set within a UK population-based cohort, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 myeloma patients with varying characteristics and pathways, 12 of whom invited their relatives to take part...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615090/adolescent-mental-health-education-inscied-out-a-case-study-of-an-alternative-middle-school-population
#11
Joanna Yang, Roberto Lopez Cervera, Susannah J Tye, Stephen C Ekker, Chris Pierret
BACKGROUND: Mental illness contributes substantially to global disease burden, particularly when illness onset occurs during youth and help-seeking is delayed and/or limited. Yet, few mental health promotion interventions target youth, particularly those with or at high risk of developing mental illness ("at-risk" youth). Community-based translational research has the capacity to identify and intervene upon barriers to positive health outcomes. This is especially important for integrated care in at-risk youth populations...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609534/negative-cancer-beliefs-recognition-of-cancer-symptoms-and-anticipated-time-to-help-seeking-an-international-cancer-benchmarking-partnership-icbp-study
#12
Anette Fischer Pedersen, Lindsay Forbes, Kate Brain, Line Hvidberg, Christian Nielsen Wulff, Magdalena Lagerlund, Senada Hajdarevic, Samantha L Quaife, Peter Vedsted
BACKGROUND: Understanding what influences people to seek help can inform interventions to promote earlier diagnosis of cancer, and ultimately better cancer survival. We aimed to examine relationships between negative cancer beliefs, recognition of cancer symptoms and how long people think they would take to go to the doctor with possible cancer symptoms (anticipated patient intervals). METHODS: Telephone interviews of 20,814 individuals (50+) in the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, Denmark, Norway and Sweden were carried out using the Awareness and Beliefs about Cancer Measure (ABC)...
April 2, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607675/-sharing-things-with-people-that-i-don-t-even-know-help-seeking-for-psychological-symptoms-in-injured-black-men-in-philadelphia
#13
Sara F Jacoby, John A Rich, Jessica L Webster, Therese S Richmond
OBJECTIVES: Psychological distress is common in survivors of traumatic injury, yet across United States' trauma systems, it is rare that standard injury care integrates psychological evaluation and professional mental healthcare. The purpose of this study was to explore help-seeking for psychological symptoms in injured Black men living in Philadelphia. DESIGN: A subset of a cohort of 551 injured Black men admitted to a Trauma Center in Philadelphia participated in qualitative interviews that explored their perceptions of psychological symptoms after injury and the factors that guided their decision to seek professional mental health help...
April 1, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605187/antipsychotic-drugs-versus-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-versus-a-combination-of-both-in-people-with-psychosis-a-randomised-controlled-pilot-and-feasibility-study
#14
Anthony P Morrison, Heather Law, Lucy Carter, Rachel Sellers, Richard Emsley, Melissa Pyle, Paul French, David Shiers, Alison R Yung, Elizabeth K Murphy, Natasha Holden, Ann Steele, Samantha E Bowe, Jasper Palmier-Claus, Victoria Brooks, Rory Byrne, Linda Davies, Peter M Haddad
BACKGROUND: Little evidence is available for head-to-head comparisons of psychosocial interventions and pharmacological interventions in psychosis. We aimed to establish whether a randomised controlled trial of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) versus antipsychotic drugs versus a combination of both would be feasible in people with psychosis. METHODS: We did a single-site, single-blind pilot randomised controlled trial in people with psychosis who used services in National Health Service trusts across Greater Manchester, UK...
March 28, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599106/a-web-and-mobile-based-map-of-mental-health-resources-for-postsecondary-students-thought-spot-protocol-for-an-economic-evaluation
#15
Amandeep Kaur, Wanrudee Isaranuwatchai, Aliya Jaffer, Genevieve Ferguson, Alexxa Abi-Jaoude, Andrew Johnson, Elisa Hollenberg, David Wiljer
BACKGROUND: Youth demonstrate a low propensity to seek help for mental health issues and exhibit low use of health services despite the high prevalence of mental health challenges in this population. Research has found that delivering interventions via the internet and mobile devices is an effective way to reach youth. Thought Spot, a Web- and mobile-based map, was developed to help transition-aged youth in postsecondary settings overcome barriers to help-seeking, thereby reducing the economic burden associated with untreated mental health issues...
March 29, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29598751/threat-bias-and-emotion-recognition-in-victims-of-ipv
#16
Kate Clauss, Caroline Clements
Although there is growing evidence of the association between threat bias and psychopathology in many trauma-exposed populations, there are few studies with intimate partner violence (IPV) victims. The present study assessed threat bias in IPV victims. It also examined potential differences in facial recognition ability between victims and nonvictims. Participants were 153 female college students currently in a dating relationship. Participants completed demographic and abuse severity measures. They then completed a dot-probe task to assess threat bias, and a facial expression recognition task to assess speed and accuracy of recognition...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589218/mental-health-attitudes-and-beliefs-in-a-community-sample-on-the-central-coast-in-australia-barriers-to-help-seeking
#17
Dominiek Coates, Christine Saleeba, Deborah Howe
There continues to be call for greater community awareness actions and strategies to reduce stigma and enhance mental health literacy nationally and internationally. To identify local barriers to help-seeking and perceptions around stigma, we developed a 'mental health attitudes and beliefs' survey which was administered at a range of community events on the Central Coast in New South Wales, Australia. The aim was for the results of this survey to inform the development of strategies that enhance local help-seeking behaviours that are sensitive to the role of age, gender and Indigenous status...
March 27, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582562/description-evaluation-and-scale-up-potential-of-a-model-for-rapid-access-to-early-intervention-for-psychosis
#18
Kathleen MacDonald, Ashok Malla, Ridha Joober, Jai L Shah, Karen Goldberg, Sherezad Abadi, Madeline Doyle, Srividya N Iyer
AIM: This paper aims to describe the entry protocol of the Prevention and Early Intervention for Psychosis Program (PEPP)-Montreal, an early intervention program for psychosis. The protocol is designed to fulfil a key objective of the early intervention movement-reducing delays to accessing high-quality care. The paper also aims to describe how this rapid entry protocol can be deployed in other services interested in reducing delays in initiating treatment. METHODS: PEPP provides rapid, easy access to quality care by placing a single, well-trained professional, the intake clinician, at the point of entry...
March 26, 2018: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579525/do-males-and-females-conceptualise-work-and-social-impairment-differently-following-treatment-for-different-mental-health-problems
#19
David Smith, A Kate Fairweather-Schmidt, Ben Riley, Zhila Javidi, Sara Zabeen, Sharon Lawn, Malcolm Battersby
The Work and Social Adjustment Scale (WSAS) is used by psychiatric nurses for screening and evaluating patients' treatment outcomes for a variety of mental health problems. This study investigated longitudinal and gender measurement invariance of WSAS using structural equation modeling within a help-seeking problem gambling sample (n=445), and an intervention program for depression and anxiety sample (n=444). The concept of functional impairment was defined by all WSAS items in males and females at pre- and post-treatment assessments...
April 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578729/mental-health-disorders-and-mental-health-problems-active-component-u-s-armed-forces-2007-2016
#20
Shauna Stahlman, Alexis A Oetting
Mental health disorders have historically accounted for significant morbidity, healthcare utilization, disability, and attrition from military service. From 2007 through 2016, a total of 853,060 active component service members were diagnosed with at least one mental health disorder and 115,378 were diagnosed with mental health problems related to family/support group problems, maltreatment, lifestyle problems, or substance abuse counseling. Annual incidence rates of at least one mental health disorder decreased by approximately 6...
March 2018: MSMR
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