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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918440/interpersonal-sensitivity-and-persistent-attenuated-psychotic-symptoms-in-adolescence
#1
Alice Masillo, M Brandizzi, L R Valmaggia, R Saba, N Lo Cascio, J F Lindau, L Telesforo, P Venturini, D Montanaro, D Di Pietro, M D'Alema, P Girardi, P Fiori Nastro
Interpersonal sensitivity defines feelings of inner-fragility in the presence of others due to the expectation of criticism or rejection. Interpersonal sensitivity was found to be related to attenuated positive psychotic symptom during the prodromal phase of psychosis. The aims of this study were to examine if high level of interpersonal sensitivity at baseline are associated with the persistence of attenuated positive psychotic symptoms and general psychopathology at 18-month follow-up. A sample of 85 help-seeking individuals (mean age = 16...
September 16, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917622/does-gender-matter-an-analysis-of-men-s-and-women-s-accounts-of-responding-to-symptoms-of-lung-cancer
#2
Alice MacLean, Kate Hunt, Sarah Smith, Sally Wyke
Men are often portrayed - in research studies, 'common-sense' accounts and popular media - as reluctant users of health services. They are said to avoid going to the GP whenever possible, while women are portrayed, in presumed opposition, as consulting more readily, more frequently and with less serious complaints. Such stereotypes may inadvertently encourage doctors to pay greater heed to men's symptoms in 'routine' consultations. Although previous research has challenged this view with evidence, and suggested that links between gender identities and help-seeking are complex and fluid, gender comparative studies remain uncommon, and particularly few studies (either qualitative or quantitative) compare men and women with similar morbidity...
September 8, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905750/re-understanding-help-seeking-in-older-people-with-urinary-incontinence-an-interview-study
#3
Tomas L Griebling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905632/a-caution-for-suicide-prevention-focused-on-help-seeking-in-young-people
#4
Coralie J Wilson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904815/predictors-help-seeking-behaviour-and-treatment-coverage-for-depression-in-adults-in-sehore-district-india
#5
Rahul Shidhaye, Tanica Lyngdoh, Vaibhav Murhar, Sandesh Samudre, Thomas Krafft
BACKGROUND: National Mental Health Survey found that in India, the point prevalence of major depressive disorder (MDD) was 2.7% and the treatment gap was 85.2%, whereas in Madhya Pradesh the point prevalence of MDD was 1.4% and the treatment gap was 80%. AIMS: To describe the baseline prevalence of depression among adults, association of various demographic and socioeconomic variables with depression and estimation of contact coverage for the same. METHOD: Population-based cross-sectional survey of 3220 adults in Sehore district of Madhya Pradesh, India...
September 2017: BJPsych Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894398/cultural-construction-of-psychiatric-illness-in-malaysia
#6
EDITORIAL
Asrenee Ab Razak
The concept of the cultural construction of illness is important in terms of understanding people's behaviour. In this article, this idea is applied to psychiatric illness in Malaysia to explore how it is informed by sociocultural elements, a process that will help us understand the psychiatric expression and help-seeking behaviour of the country's population.
March 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891109/strengthening-community-mental-health-competence-a-realist-informed-case-study-from-dehradun-north-india
#7
Kaaren Mathias, Jeph Mathias, Isabel Goicolea, Michelle Kermode
Few accounts exist of programmes in low- and middle-income countries seeking to strengthen community knowledge and skills in mental health. This case study uses a realist lens to explore how a mental health project in a context with few mental health services, strengthened community mental health competence by increasing community knowledge, creating safer social spaces and engaging partnerships for action. We used predominantly qualitative methods to explore relationships between context, interventions, mechanisms and outcomes in the "natural setting" of a community-based mental health project in Dehradun district, Uttarakhand, North India...
September 11, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889935/sociocultural-determinants-of-us-women-s-ethical-views-on-various-fertility-treatments
#8
Stephen C Collins, Esther Chan
Ethical concerns over treatments for infertility can discourage patients from pursuing fertility healthcare. This study aims to evaluate the sociocultural factors that influence the ethical views of reproductive-aged women regarding various fertility treatments. A publicly available cross-sectional survey of 4792 nationally representative US women aged 25-52 years was analysed to identify the frequency of ethical concerns over such interventions. Concerns were most common for treatments that increase the chance of twins (54%), followed by third-party reproductive strategies (48-51%), IVF (30%) and partner insemination (14%)...
August 25, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889058/the-relationship-between-family-based-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-substance-use-behaviors-among-a-diverse-sample-of-college-students
#9
Myriam Forster, Timothy J Grigsby, Christopher J Rogers, Stephanie M Benjamin
INTRODUCTION: Research suggests that college students are an especially vulnerable subset of the population for substance use and misuse. However, despite evidence of the high prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACE) among students and the link between family-based ACE and substance use among older adults, this relationship remains understudied in college populations. Moreover, whether ACE represents a shared risk across substance use behaviors and ethnic groups is unknown. METHODS: Data are student responses (n=2953) on the 2015 American College Health Association's National College Health Assessment II (ACHA-NCHA II) administered at one of the largest, most diverse public universities in California...
September 1, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883028/exploring-the-health-risks-of-help-seeking-military-veterans-living-in-different-parts-of-the-uk
#10
R L Ashwick, D Murphy
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the mental and physical health differences of treatment-seeking military veterans across the different nations that make up the UK. The aim of this research was to explore potential health differences in order to support better service planning. METHODS: A random cross-sectional sample of treatment-seeking veterans residing in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland was identified from a national mental health charity. 403 veterans completed a questionnaire highlighting their demographics, mental health and physical health difficulties...
September 6, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881073/parental-professional-help-seeking-for-infant-sleep
#11
Pei-Wen Hsu, Wei-Wen Wu, Yi-Ching Tung, Karen A Thomas, Shao-Yu Tsai
AIMS: To explore the perceptions and experiences of parental professional help-seeking for infant sleep and sleep-related concerns. BACKGROUND: Infant sleep is a frequent concern for parents. However, very little is known about the reasons parents seek, do not seek, or delay seeking professional attention about their concerns related to infant sleep. DESIGN AND METHODS: A qualitative study design was used. Twenty audiotaped interviews with parents of healthy 12-month-old infants were conducted at a university-affiliated hospital or parents' homes depending on where parents felt more comfortable discussing their personal views and medical help-seeking experiences...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877842/improving-health-literacy-about-dementia-among-older-chinese-and-vietnamese-australians
#12
Betty Haralambous, Paulene Mackell, Xiaoping Lin, Marcia Fearn, Briony Dow
The number of older people in the population is increasing faster than for any other age group. This population growth, while positive, is associated with increasing incidence of chronic and progressive diseases such as dementia. This requires older people to navigate services that may not be designed to meet their needs. This issue can be further amplified in culturally and linguistically diverse populations who often have limited English language proficiency and limited knowledge of diseases such as dementia...
September 7, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875435/client-and-partner-violence-among-urban-female-exotic-dancers-and-intentions-for-seeking-support-and-justice
#13
Michele R Decker, Jennifer E Nail, Sahnah Lim, Katherine Footer, Wendy Davis, Susan G Sherman
Urban female exotic dancers are thought to experience unique risk for violence and barriers to care, though limited research has focused on this aspect of urban sex industries. We characterize recent client-perpetrated and intimate partner violence (IPV) and their correlates, and describe women's intentions for violence-related help-seeking, among venue-based exotic dancers in a high-risk urban environment. We conducted a cross-sectional study with new female exotic dancers (n = 117) in Baltimore, MD. Over one third (36%) reported intimate partner violence (IPV), and 16% reported client physical or sexual violence, in the six months prior to the survey...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874223/premorbid-social-adjustment-and-association-with-attenuated-psychotic-symptoms-in-clinical-high-risk-and-help-seeking-youth
#14
S I Tarbox-Berry, D O Perkins, S W Woods, J Addington
BACKGROUND: Attenuated positive symptom syndrome (APSS), characterized by 'putatively prodromal' attenuated psychotic-like pathology, indicates increased risk for psychosis. Poor premorbid social adjustment predicts severity of APSS symptoms and predicts subsequent psychosis in APSS-diagnosed individuals, suggesting application for improving detection of 'true' prodromal youth who will transition to psychosis. However, these predictive associations have not been tested in controls and therefore may be independent of the APSS diagnosis, negating utility for improving prediction in APSS-diagnosed individuals...
September 6, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871841/men-and-suicide-prevention-a-scoping-review
#15
Sophia Struszczyk, Paul Michael Galdas, Paul Alexander Tiffin
BACKGROUND: Male suicide rates are higher than their female counterparts in almost every country around the world. Several developed countries have attempted to implement suicide prevention programmes, but few have specifically targeted men. AIMS: To identify what is currently known about suicide prevention strategies, programmes, and interventions of relevance to men. METHOD: A scoping review guided by Arksey and O'Malley's five-stage framework...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871013/understanding-symptom-appraisal-and-help-seeking-in-people-with-symptoms-suggestive-of-pancreatic-cancer-a-qualitative-study
#16
Katie Mills, Linda Birt, Jon D Emery, Nicola Hall, Jonathan Banks, Margaret Johnson, John Lancaster, William Hamilton, Greg P Rubin, Fiona M Walter
OBJECTIVE: Pancreatic cancer has poor survival rates due to non-specific symptoms leading to later diagnosis. Understanding how patients interpret their symptoms could inform approaches to earlier diagnosis. This study sought to explore symptom appraisal and help-seeking among patients referred to secondary care for symptoms suggestive of pancreatic cancer. DESIGN: Qualitative analysis of semistructured in-depth interviews. Data were analysed iteratively and thematically, informed by the Model of Pathways to Treatment...
September 3, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868957/development-of-the-soss-d-a-scale-to-measure-stigma-of-occupational-stress-and-burnout-in-medical-doctors
#17
Bonnie A Clough, Michael J Ireland, Sonja March
BACKGROUND: Occupational stress and burnout are highly prevalent among doctors, with stigma identified as a barrier to help-seeking in this population. However, there has been a lack of a standardised tool to measure stigma of occupational stress and burnout among doctors. AIMS: The aim of the current study was to develop and investigate the psychometric properties of the Stigma of Occupational Stress Scale for Doctors (SOSS-D). METHOD: An online questionnaire package was completed by 200 (38 male, 162 female) doctors...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868945/social-phobia-depression-and-eating-disorders-during-middle-adolescence-longitudinal-associations-and-treatment-seeking
#18
Klaus Ranta, Juha Väänänen, Sari Fröjd, Rasmus Isomaa, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino, Mauri Marttunen
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal associations between social phobia (SP), depression and eating disorders (EDs), and the impact of antecedent SP and depression on subsequent treatment seeking for EDs have rarely been explored in prospective adolescent population studies. AIM: We aimed to examine these associations in a large-scale follow-up study among middle adolescents. METHOD: We surveyed 3278 Finnish adolescents with a mean age of 15 years for these disorders...
September 4, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868663/coping-and-help-seeking-behaviors-for-management-of-urinary-incontinence
#19
Dilek Bilgic, Nezihe Kizilkaya Beji, Ayfer Ozbas, Ikbal Cavdar, Ergul Aslan, Onay Yalcin
OBJECTIVES: To describe the coping strategies and help-seeking behaviors of women and men with urinary incontinence (UI). METHODS: In cross-sectional study, 156 women and 106 men Turkish with UI were interviewed using a questionnaire covering 29 questions. RESULTS: It was determined that 50.6% of women and 34.0% of men seek help in first for treatment of UI. Forty eight percent of men consulted a physician in the first 6 months after the UI occurred, 44...
September 2017: Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865845/treatment-preferences-and-help-seeking-behaviors-for-sleep-problems-among-psychiatric-outpatients
#20
Sherilyn Chang, Esmond Seow, Sok Hian Doris Koh, Swapna K Verma, Yee Ming Mok, Edimansyah Abdin, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
OBJECTIVE: To understand treatment preferences and help-seeking behaviors among psychiatric patients for their sleep problems, and to examine determinants of problem recognition and help-seeking among patients with sleep difficulties. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among psychiatric outpatients in Singapore (n=400). Participants completed questionnaires that assessed their sleep quality, daytime fatigue, help-seeking behavior, treatment preferences for sleep problems, and sociodemographic information...
August 12, 2017: General Hospital Psychiatry
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