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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646712/prediction-of-vocational-participation-and-global-role-functioning-in-help-seeking-young-adults-from-neurocognitive-demographic-and-clinical-variables
#1
Alice J Cairns, David J Kavanagh, Frances Dark, Steven M McPhail
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate neurocognitive, demographic and clinical correlates of vocational participation among a sample of young help-seeking adults. METHODS: Young people (18-25 years) accessing an early intervention youth health service participated. The Global Functioning: Role scale and level of vocational participation, participant characteristics (age, gender, socioeconomic background and family history of serious mental illness), distress, psychotic-like experiences, substance use, and mental health diagnoses were recorded...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641479/norms-and-normalisation-understanding-lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender-and-queer-youth-suicidality-and-help-seeking
#2
Elizabeth McDermott, Elizabeth Hughes, Victoria Rawlings
Young people who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer transgender have elevated rates of suicidality. Despite the increased risk, there is a paucity of research on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer help-seeking and suicidality. We report on a UK sequential exploratory, two-stage, mixed-method study. Stage 1 involved 29 online and face-to-face semi-structured interviews with lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer youth aged 16-25 years old. Stage 2 utilised an online youth questionnaire employing a community-based sampling strategy (n = 789)...
June 23, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636617/backup-development-and-evaluation-of-a-smart-phone-application-for-coping-with-suicidal-crises
#3
Kirsten Pauwels, Saskia Aerts, Ekke Muijzers, Eva De Jaegere, Kees van Heeringen, Gwendolyn Portzky
BACKGROUND: Suicide is a major public health issue and has large impact on the lives of many people. Innovative technologies such as smartphones could create new possibilities for suicide prevention, such as helping to overcome the barriers and stigma on help seeking in case of suicidal ideation. Due to their omnipresence, smartphone apps can offer suicide prevention tools very fast, they are easily-accessible, low-threshold and can help overcome some of the help-seeking barriers suicidal people experience...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636432/young-men-masculinities-and-suicide
#4
Mette Lyberg Rasmussen, Hanne Haavind, Gudrun Dieserud
OBJECTIVE: Young men constitute one of the highest risk groups for suicide in most countries. This gives reason to explore how meanings attached to masculinity can be evoked and handled when a young man takes his life. METHOD: In-depth interviews with five to eight informants for each of ten suicides, as well as suicide notes, were analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. RESULTS: The suicides appeared as signature acts of compensatory masculinity with the following themes: When hope is gone, no one must know; weakness was never allowed; and suicide conducted in a way to present oneself as heroic...
June 21, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633372/farmer-suicides-a-qualitative-study-from-australia
#5
M Perceval, K Kõlves, P Reddy, D De Leo
Background: Farmers in Australia, in general, have poorer health outcomes, including higher rates of suicide. Aims: To investigate risk and protective factors and attitudes towards suicide and help-seeking among farmers living and working in New South Wales and Queensland in Australia. Methods: A qualitative study in which three farming sites were selected in each state to represent an area with a suicide rate equal to, below and above the state average...
June 14, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629890/perceived-social-stress-and-symptom-severity-among-help-seeking-adolescents-with-versus-without-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis
#6
Zachary B Millman, Steven C Pitts, Elizabeth Thompson, Emily R Kline, Caroline Demro, Marc J Weintraub, Jordan E DeVylder, Vijay A Mittal, Gloria M Reeves, Jason Schiffman
Research suggests that social stress exposure influences illness presentation and course among youth at clinical high-risk (CHR) for psychosis, though less is known about the extent to which self-reported perceptions of social stress relate to the severity of positive symptoms. Importantly, despite the notion that youth at CHR are especially susceptible to elevations in positive symptoms under conditions of stress, no study has examined this presumption relative to other psychiatric groups. Extending previous work demonstrating that perceived social stress was higher in a CHR group than in a clinical group of non-CHR, help-seeking controls, the current study aimed to: (1) examine whether perceived social stress is related to the severity of attenuated positive symptoms in the full sample (N=110); and (2) determine whether CHR status moderates the stress-symptom relation...
June 16, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627903/predictors-of-substance-use-in-youth-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#7
Franco Scalzo, Carol A Hulbert, Jennifer K Betts, Sue M Cotton, Andrew M Chanen
Concomitant substance misuse in adults with borderline personality disorder (BPD) is associated with a more severe course of illness and poorer outcomes. Previous research has found an association between the number of borderline personality features and substance misuse in community samples. This study examined the relationship between substance use and severity of BPD in youth presenting for the first time for treatment (first presentation) of BPD. Participants were 117 help-seeking youth aged 15-25 years (93 females; Mage = 19...
June 19, 2017: Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621727/insights-into-the-experiences-of-treatment-for-an-eating-disorder-in-men-a-qualitative-study-of-autobiographies
#8
Priyanka Thapliyal, Deborah Mitchison, Phillipa Hay
Eating disorders are increasingly recognized as a problem for men but help-seeking is low and little is known about their treatment experiences. This paper sought to determine the treatment experiences of men who have suffered from an eating disorder using autobiographical data. Inclusion criteria were autobiographies of men who had experienced an eating disorder and sought any form of treatment for this, written in the English language, published between 1995 and 2015, and available for purchase in 2016. The search resulted in six books that were thematically analyzed...
June 16, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620969/black-and-white-parents-willingness-to-seek-help-for-children-s-internalizing-and-externalizing-symptoms
#9
Idia B Thurston, Robin Hardin, Kristina Decker, Trisha Arnold, Kathryn H Howell, Vicky Phares
OBJECTIVE: Understanding social and environmental factors that contribute to parental help-seeking intentions is an important step in addressing service underutilization for children in need of treatment. This study examined factors that contribute to parents' intentions to seek formal and informal help for child psychopathology (anxiety and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD]). METHOD: A total of 251 parents (N = 128 mothers, N = 123 fathers; 49% Black, 51% White) read 3 vignettes describing children with anxiety, ADHD, and no diagnosis...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618088/a-comparison-of-barriers-to-mental-health-support-seeking-among-farming-and-non-farming-adults-in-rural-south-australia
#10
Melissa J Hull, Kate M Fennell, Kari Vallury, Martin Jones, James Dollman
OBJECTIVE: To assess the differences between farming and non-farming rural adults in perceived barriers to mental health service use. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey, modified from the Barriers to Help-Seeking Scale (BHSS), was conducted using a computer-assisted telephone interview. SETTING: Respondents (age 52.6 ± 11.6 years) were recruited from three rural regions of South Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Approximately, 78 non-farmers and 45 farmers were included in analyses...
June 15, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616935/service-use-and-unmet-needs-for-substance-use-and-mental-disorders-in-canada
#11
Karen Urbanoski, Dakota Inglis, Scott Veldhuizen
OBJECTIVE: To investigate patterns and predictors of help seeking and met/unmet needs for mental health care in a national population health survey. METHOD: Participants were respondents to the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey on Mental Health (CCHS-MH; n = 25,133). We used regression to identify the diagnostic and sociodemographic predictors of the use of informal supports, primary care, and specialist care, as well as perceived unmet needs. RESULTS: Eleven percent of Canadians reported using professionally led services for mental health or substance use in 2012, while another 9% received informal supports...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615051/the-pathway-to-consultation-for-rheumatoid-arthritis-exploring-anticipated-actions-between-the-onset-of-symptoms-and-face-to-face-encounter-with-a-healthcare-professional
#12
Gwenda Simons, Sophie Lumley, Marie Falahee, Kanta Kumar, Christian D Mallen, Rebecca J Stack, Karim Raza
BACKGROUND: When people first experience symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) they often delay seeking medical attention resulting in delayed diagnosis and treatment. This research assesses behaviours people might engage in prior to, or instead of, seeking medical attention and compares these with behaviours related to illnesses which are better publicised. METHODS: Thirty-one qualitative interviews with members of the general public explored intended actions in relation to two hypothetical RA vignettes (with and without joint swelling) and two non-RA vignettes (bowel cancer and angina)...
June 14, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611017/web-use-for-symptom-appraisal-of-physical-health-conditions-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Julia Mueller, Caroline Jay, Simon Harper, Alan Davies, Julio Vega, Chris Todd
BACKGROUND: The Web has become an important information source for appraising symptoms. We need to understand the role it currently plays in help seeking and symptom evaluation to leverage its potential to support health care delivery. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to systematically review the literature currently available on Web use for symptom appraisal. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, ACM Digital Library, SCOPUS, and Web of Science for any empirical studies that addressed the use of the Web by lay people to evaluate symptoms for physical conditions...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609311/gender-differences-of-stressful-life-events-coping-style-symptom-severity-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-panic-disorder
#14
Ji Eun Kim, In Han Song, Sang-Hyuk Lee
Although affective disorders have been known to have sex differences in the associated clinical characteristics and quality of life (QOL), sex differences among patients with panic disorder (PD) have remained relatively unexplored in Korea. We examined the sex differences in different types of stressful life events (SLEs), coping styles, symptom severity, and health-related QOL (HRQOL) in patients with PD. Data from 291 female and 254 male participants diagnosed with PD were analyzed using a structured clinical interview following the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition criteria...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604146/clients-and-carers-perception-of-mental-illness-and-factors-that-influence-help-seeking-where-they-go-first-and-why
#15
Harris K Chilale, Ndumanene Devlin Silungwe, Saulos Gondwe, Charles Masulani-Mwale
OBJECTIVE: In Northern Malawi, the duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) is longer than that in high-income countries. The reasons for the delay in help-seeking are not known, although studies show multiple reasons. This research was conducted to establish health care help-seeking behaviours and identify barriers that exist between service users and health care providers. The study also intended to establish the beliefs that clients and family members have regarding the causes of mental illness which profoundly shape help-seeking, care giving process and outcomes...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601502/neighbourhood-deprivation-is-positively-associated-with-detection-of-the-ultra-high-risk-uhr-state-for-psychosis-in-south-east-london
#16
V Bhavsar, P Fusar-Poli, P McGuire
BACKGROUND: Individuals are defined as being at ultra-high risk (UHR) for psychosis based on a combination of attenuated psychotic symptoms, help-seeking behaviour, genetic risk, and social/occupational deterioration. Limited evidence is available on whether UHR detection differs by neighbourhood, and potential explanations. AIMS: To examine neighbourhood distribution of detected UHR using cases from the OASIS service in South East London, investigating neighbourhood deprivation as an explanatory variable...
June 8, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599384/adolescent-and-parent-perspectives-prior-to-involvement-in-a-fontan-transition-program
#17
Karin du Plessis, Evelyn Culnane, Rebecca Peters, Yves d'Udekem
Background Successful transition to adult healthcare is particularly important for congenital heart disease (CHD) patients who have undergone palliative surgery, as they risk adverse events if not followed closely. This study examines young people at the worst end of the CHD spectrum who are born with a single ventricle (pumping heart chamber), and who undergo a series of operations that culminate in the Fontan surgical procedure. Purpose To explore adolescents with a Fontan circulation, and their parents', readiness for transition to adult care and pre-implementation of a transition program...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596146/the-role-of-web-based-health-information-in-help-seeking-behavior-prior-to-a-diagnosis-of-lung-cancer-a-mixed-methods-study
#18
Julia Mueller, Caroline Jay, Simon Harper, Chris Todd
BACKGROUND: Delays to diagnosis in lung cancer can lead to reduced chance of survival, and patients often wait for several months before presenting symptoms. The time between first symptom recognition until diagnosis has been theorized into three intervals: symptom appraisal, help-seeking, and diagnostic interval (here: "pathway to diagnosis"). Interventions are needed to reduce delays to diagnosis in lung cancer. The Web has become an important lay health information source and could potentially play a role in this pathway to diagnosis...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594584/attribution-through-the-layperson-s-lens-development-and-preliminary-validation-of-an-inclusive-international-measure-of-beliefs-about-the-causes-of-mental-illness
#19
Brandon A Knettel
Attributions, or beliefs about the causes of mental illness, have traditionally been dichotomized based on their locus, controllability, specificity, and stability. However, scholars have introduced an alternative lay beliefs model identifying attributions related to specific biological, social, and spiritual attributions. This research describes the potential benefits of this alternative model and outlines the validation of a comprehensive, international measure of lay beliefs, the Mental Illness Attribution Questionnaire (MIAQ)...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592244/optimising-child-outcomes-from-parenting-interventions-fathers-experiences-preferences-and-barriers-to-participation
#20
Lucy A Tully, Patrycja J Piotrowska, Daniel A J Collins, Kathleen S Mairet, Nicola Black, Eva R Kimonis, David J Hawes, Caroline Moul, Rhoshel K Lenroot, Paul J Frick, Vicki Anderson, Mark R Dadds
BACKGROUND: Early childhood interventions can have both immediate and long-term positive effects on cognitive, behavioural, health and education outcomes. Fathers are underrepresented in interventions focusing on the well-being of children. However, father participation may be critical for intervention effectiveness, especially for parenting interventions for child externalising problems. To date, there has been very little research conducted to understand the low rates of father participation and to facilitate the development of interventions to meet the needs of fathers...
June 7, 2017: BMC Public Health
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