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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526939/awareness-of-cancer-signs-and-barriers-to-help-seeking-a-national-survey
#1
Mohammad Al Qadire
About 27% of cancer patients in Jordan are discovered in advanced stages; this resulted in poor prognosis and survival rates. One possible cause of late presentation is lack of awareness of warning signs and risk factors of cancer. The purpose of this study is to identify the level of awareness of cancer warning signs, risk factors, and barriers to seeking medical advice among the Jordanian public. A cross-sectional survey design was used. A convenience sample of 2292 participants from the Jordanian public was included in the study...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522894/interventional-audiology-to-address-hearing-health-care-disparities-oyendo-bien-pilot-study
#2
REVIEW
Nicole Marrone, Maia Ingram, Maria Somoza, Daisey Sánchez Jacob, Adriana Sanchez, Stephanie Adamovich, Frances P Harris
Interventional audiology, specifically community-based outreach, can connect people with the hearing health care system. Community-based participatory research methods were applied in two phases of research to: (1) investigate the needs of families affected by hearing loss in a rural Arizona community on the U.S.-Mexico border; and (2) evaluate an outreach program on hearing health. The needs assessment included interviews with persons with hearing loss and focus groups with family members and the greater community...
May 2017: Seminars in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521060/diagnostic-and-prognostic-significance-of-dsm-5-attenuated-psychosis-syndrome-in-services-for-individuals-at-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis
#3
Paolo Fusar-Poli, Andrea De Micheli, Marco Cappucciati, Grazia Rutigliano, Cathy Davies, Valentina Ramella-Cravaro, Dominic Oliver, Ilaria Bonoldi, Matteo Rocchetti, Lauren Gavaghan, Rashmi Patel, Philip McGuire
Background: The diagnostic and prognostic significance of the DSM-5-defined Attenuated Psychosis Syndrome (DSM-5-APS) in individuals undergoing an ultra high risk (UHR) clinical assessment for suspicion of psychosis risk is unknown. Methods: Prospective cohort study including all consecutive help-seeking individuals undergoing both a DSM-5-APS and a Comprehensive Assessment of At Risk Mental States (CAARMS 12/2006) assessment for psychosis risk at the Outreach and Support in South London (OASIS) UHR service (March 2013-April 2014)...
May 17, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516837/help-seeking-behavior-among-moroccan-romanian-and-ecuadorian-women-experiencing-intimate-partner-violence-in-spain
#4
Carmen Vives-Cases, Daniel La Parra
This study aims to identify different types of response to intimate partner violence (IPV) and help-related seeking behavior among Spain's most numerous immigrant groups- Moroccans, Romanians, and Ecuadorians. Women reporting physical, sexual and/or psychological violence by a current or former intimate partner (n = 194) were selected from a cross-sectional study based on 1,607 surveys (2011). There are 84% of surveyed battered women who reported seeking help through informal and/or formal channels. The most frequently reported informal help-seeking behavior was talking with the abusive partner (from 63% to 83%)...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516835/modifying-self-blame-self-esteem-and-disclosure-through-a-cooperative-cross-age-teaching-intervention-for-bullying-among-adolescents
#5
Michael J Boulton, Louise Boulton
Bullying is common among school students, and some victims hold self-blaming attributions, exhibit low self-esteem, anddo not seek social support. A wait-list control pre-/post-test experimental design, with random allocation, was used to assess the effects of a novel cross-age teaching of social issues (CATS) intervention on the latter 3 variables among peer-identified victims of bullying (N = 41, mean age = 14.5 years). In small cooperative groups of classmates, participants designed and delivered a lesson to younger students that informed them that bullies not victims are in the wrong, victims have no reason to feel bad about themselves, and that seeking help can be beneficial...
May 17, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516465/makingthelink-a-school-based-intervention-to-improve-help-seeking-for-substance-use-problems
#6
Dan I Lubman, Ali Cheetham, Bonita J Berridge, Lisa McKay-Brown
BACKGROUND: Many young people are reluctant to seek professional help for alcohol and other substance use problems, preferring to rely on family and friends. MAKINGtheLINK is a school-based intervention that teaches adolescents how to help their peers overcome barriers to engaging with professional help. The current study examined the effect of the MAKINGtheLINK programme in a sample of 12- to 15-year-old students. METHODS: Participants included 247 Grade 8 students (49% male, 51% female) recruited from 3 schools in Victoria, Australia...
May 18, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514989/help-seeking-intentions-for-anxiety-among-older-adults
#7
Katrina Anderson, Tushara Wickramariyaratne, Annaliese Blair
Mental health practices are not working for older people with anxiety in residential care, as there is a persistent lack of recognition and treatment. This suggests that alternative ways of reaching and meeting the needs of this population need to be explored. One possibility involves enabling older adults themselves to seek help. The current work explored various factors impacting on help-seeking behaviours. In total, 105 participants from independent living units in a residential care setting completed a questionnaire focusing on attitudes and stigma towards anxiety, likelihood to seek help, help-seeking barriers and literacy around the symptoms of anxiety...
May 18, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513062/what-are-the-family-needs-when-a-parent-has-mental-health-problems-evidence-from-a-systematic-literature-review
#8
Patricia Wahl, Dirk Bruland, Ullrich Bauer, Orkan Okan, Albert Lenz
PROBLEM: Little evidence exists showing how a given high-risk group of children born to parents with poor mental health seek help and how care may be improved in order to better reach and support their families. METHODS: A systematic literature review was undertaken to identify the needs and help-seeking behaviors of children and their parents. Through an analysis of both quantitative and qualitative studies, published in German- and English-speaking research literature, the needs of children and parents were identified and categorized...
February 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509376/adverse-childhood-experiences-aces-stress-and-mental-health-in-college-students
#9
Canan Karatekin
The goal of this short-term longitudinal study was to examine whether adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) could be used to identify college students at risk for mental health problems and whether current level of stress mediates the relationship between ACEs and mental health. Data on ACEs and mental health (depression, anxiety and suicidality) were collected at the beginning of the semester, and data on current stressors and mental health were collected toward the end of the semester (n = 239). Findings indicated that ACEs predicted worsening of mental health over the course of a semester and suggested current number of stressors as a mediator of the relationship between ACEs and mental health...
May 16, 2017: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504315/media-reporting-on-suicide-evaluating-the-effects-of-including-preventative-resources-and-psychoeducational-information-on-suicide-risk-attitudes-knowledge-and-help-seeking-behaviors
#10
Caitlin L Williams, Tracy K Witte
We evaluated the effects of exposure to a suicide news article on a variety of outcome variables and whether adhering to one specific media guideline (i.e., including psychoeducational information and preventative resources) buffered any of the negative effects of exposure. Participants were randomly assigned to read one of three articles and then asked to complete a battery of self-report questionnaires. Overall, we found no effect of exposure to a suicide news article, regardless of the inclusion of resources and information, with a few minor exceptions...
May 15, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501738/performance-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-interpersonal-support-evaluation-list-isel-in-older-adults-with-complicated-grief
#11
Angela Ghesquiere, Theresa Schwartz, Yuanjia Wang, Christine Mauro, Natalia Skritskaya, M Katherine Shear
BACKGROUND: Complicated Grief (CG) is a recently recognized bereavement-related mental health disorder. Social support is commonly measured with the Interpersonal Support Evaluation List (ISEL), a 40-item, 4-factor, self-report measure. Though the ISEL has been well-studied, no identified research has examined its psychometric properties or performance in older adults with CG. METHODS: We examined the psychometric properties of the ISEL in adults age ≥60 who enrolled in a psychotherapy treatment study for CG in New York City...
May 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499564/socio-demographic-and-psychological-correlates-of-posttraumatic-growth-among-korean-americans-with-a-history-of-traumatic-life-experiences
#12
Gyeong-Suk Jeon, So-Young Park, Kunsook S Bernstein
This study examined socio-demographic and psychological correlates of posttraumatic growth (PTG) among Korean Americans (KAs) with traumatic life experiences. A total of 286 KAs were included. Being a woman or having a lower annual household income had positive associations with PTG, while having no religion had a negative association with it. In addition, praying and visiting a mental health professional for coping with stress or for psychological problems was positively associated with PTG. Higher resilience scores increased PTG, while depressive symptoms decreased it...
June 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499317/-self-stigma-of-depression-scale-ssds-evaluation-of-the-german-version
#13
Anna Christin Makowski, Eva E Mnich, Olaf von dem Knesebeck
Objectives A better understanding of self-stigma facilitates the development and evaluation of anti-stigma measures. In this study, the Self-Stigma of Depression Scale (SSDS) is applied for the first time in Germany. The focus lies on feasibility and psychometric characteristics of the scale. Methods Data stem from a representative population survey in Germany (N = 2,013). The 16 items of the original SSDS are used to assess anticipated self-stigma in case of depression. Main component analysis is applied to analyze the factor structure...
May 12, 2017: Psychiatrische Praxis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499280/help-and-care-seeking-for-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-youth-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#14
Anna Newton-Levinson, Jami S Leichliter, Venkatraman Chandra-Mouli
BACKGROUND: The ability to seek help or medical care for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is vital for sexually active youth; yet, their needs are often unmet. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative systematic review of studies to assess youth and provider views about the behaviors of young people in help seeking and care seeking for STI services in low- and middle-income countries. We searched peer-reviewed literature for studies published between 2001 and 2014 with a study population of youth (age, 10-24 years) and/or health service providers...
June 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496396/interventions-for-reducing-self-stigma-in-people-with-mental-illnesses-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#15
REVIEW
Roland Brian Büchter, Melanie Messer
Background: Self-stigma occurs when people with mental illnesses internalize negative stereotypes and prejudices about their condition. It can reduce help-seeking behaviour and treatment adherence. The effectiveness of interventions aimed at reducing self-stigma in people with mental illness is systematically reviewed. Results are discussed in the context of a logic model of the broader social context of mental illness stigma. Methods: Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, ERIC, and CENTRAL were searched for randomized controlled trials in November 2013...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493904/factors-associated-with-help-seeking-behaviour-among-individuals-with-major-depression-a-systematic-review
#16
Julia Luise Magaard, Tharanya Seeralan, Holger Schulz, Anna Levke Brütt
Psychological models can help to understand why many people suffering from major depression do not seek help. Using the 'Behavioral Model of Health Services Use', this study systematically reviewed the literature on the characteristics associated with help-seeking behaviour in adults with major depression. Articles were identified by systematically searching the MEDLINE, EMBASE and PsycInfo databases and relevant reference lists. Observational studies investigating the associations between individual or contextual characteristics and professional help-seeking behaviour for emotional problems in adults formally diagnosed with major depression were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489969/barriers-towards-help-seeking-among-young-men-prior-to-suicide
#17
Mette Lyberg Rasmussen, Heidi Hjelmeland, Gudrun Dieserud
This study explores barriers to help-seeking among young men prior to suicide. We analysed 61in -depth interviews with parents, siblings, friends, and ex-partners of ten young men (aged 18-30) with no record of mental illness, as well as six suicide notes, using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. Three barriers emerged: (a) A total defeat; (b) No room for weakness; and (c) Fear of mental disorder. The shame from falling short of standards (own/significant male others') could be a considerable barrier to help-seeking in a suicidal crisis...
May 10, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488251/ethnic-identity-and-regional-differences-in-mental-health-in-a-national-sample-of-african-american-young-adults
#18
Monnica T Williams, Gerardo Duque, Chad T Wetterneck, L Kevin Chapman, Ryan C T DeLapp
Prior research has found that a strong positive ethnic identity is a protective factor against anxiety and depression in African Americans. In this study, ethnic identity is examined in a geographically representative sample of African American young adults (n = 242), using the Multigroup Ethnic Identity Measure (MEIM) (Phinney in J Adolescent Res 7:156-76, 15). The two-factor structure of the measure (Roberts et al. in J Early Adolescence 19:301-22, 1) was analyzed using a structural equation model and displayed an acceptable fit only when multiple error terms were correlated...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486819/unmet-need-for-professional-mental-health-care-among-adolescents-with-high-psychological-distress
#19
Rachel Sheppard, Frank P Deane, Joseph Ciarrochi
OBJECTIVES: This study reports the rate of unmet needs for professional mental health care in a large multi-state sample of adolescents. We also sought to describe barriers to professional help, informal help seeking and future help-seeking intentions among adolescents with wholly unmet needs for counselling for mental illness. METHODS: We collected measures of mental health, help-seeking and unmet needs in 1599 students (817 males and 781 females) in 16 schools (mean age = 17...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485667/physical-partner-violence-women-s-economic-status-and-help-seeking-behaviour-in-dar-es-salaam-and-mbeya-tanzania
#20
Seema Vyas, Jessie Mbwambo
BACKGROUND: Women's responses to partner violence are influenced by a complex constellation of factors including: psychological attachment to the partner; context of the abuse; and structural factors, all of which shape available options for women outside of the relationship. OBJECTIVE: To describe women's responses to physical partner violence; and to understand the role of women's economic resources on their responses. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from Dar es Salaam and Mbeya, Tanzania...
2017: Global Health Action
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