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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467817/mental-health-literacy-what-do-nigerian-adolescents-know-about-depression
#1
Deborah O Aluh, Obinna C Anyachebelu, Chibueze Anosike, Ezinne L Anizoba
Background: Depression is a leading cause of disability and has been projected to become the 2nd most burdensome disease by the year 2020; depression has also been found to be the strongest single risk factor for attempted or completed suicides. Adolescent-onset mood disorders are frequently unrecognized or misdiagnosed and often go untreated. While there is a growing literature on the mental health literacy of adults, there has not been a parallel interest in the mental health literacy of young people in Nigeria...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467199/living-with-breathlessness-a-systematic-literature-review-and-qualitative-synthesis
#2
REVIEW
Ann Hutchinson, Natalie Barclay-Klingle, Kathleen Galvin, Miriam J Johnson
What is the experience of people living with breathlessness due to medical conditions, those caring for them and those treating them, with regard to quality of life and the nature of clinical interactions?Electronic databases (Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL Plus and PsycINFO) were searched (January 1987 to October 2017; English language), for qualitative studies exploring the experience of chronic breathlessness (patients, carers and clinicians). Two independent reviewers screened titles, abstracts and papers retrieved against inclusion criteria...
February 2018: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465165/validation-of-the-mood-and-feelings-questionnaire-mfq-and-short-mood-and-feelings-questionnaire-smfq-in-new-zealand-help-seeking-adolescents
#3
Hiran Thabrew, Karolina Stasiak, Lynda-Maree Bavin, Chris Frampton, Sally Merry
OBJECTIVE: This study examines the reliability and validity of the Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (MFQ) and Short Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (SMFQ) for measuring depression in New Zealand help-seeking adolescents. METHOD: A sample of 183 adolescents completed the 33-item MFQ, which includes all 13 items on the SMFQ, at three time points during a trial of a computerized intervention for depression. RESULTS: Both the MFQ and SMFQ demonstrated good to excellent Cronbach's alphas, moderate to strong item-total score correlations, moderate to strong correlations with quality of life and anxiety measures, and strong correlations with the clinician-rated Children's Depression Rating Scale-Revised and the Reynolds Adolescent Depression Scale 2 at all time points, indicating good reliability and content, convergent, and concurrent validities, respectively...
February 21, 2018: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464132/crowd-sourced-ontology-for-photoleukocoria-identifying-common-internet-search-terms-for-a-potentially-important-pediatric-ophthalmic-sign
#4
Sandra E Staffieri, Lisa S Kearns, Paul G Sanfilippo, Jamie E Craig, David A Mackey, Alex W Hewitt
Purpose: Leukocoria is the most common presenting sign for pediatric eye disease including retinoblastoma and cataract, with worse outcomes if diagnosis is delayed. We investigated whether individuals could identify leukocoria in photographs (photoleukocoria) and examined their subsequent Internet search behavior. Methods: Using a web-based questionnaire, in this cross-sectional study we invited adults aged over 18 years to view two photographs of a child with photoleukocoria, and then search the Internet to determine a possible diagnosis and action plan...
February 2018: Translational Vision Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457677/the-contribution-of-a-negative-colorectal-screening-test-result-to-symptom-appraisal-and-help-seeking-behaviour-among-patients-subsequently-diagnosed-with-an-interval-colorectal-cancer
#5
Karen N Barnett, David Weller, Steve Smith, Robert Jc Steele, Peter Vedsted, Sheina Orbell, Sue M Moss, Jane W Melia, Julietta Patnick, Christine Campbell
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening programmes using a guaiac faecal occult blood test (gFOBt) reduce CRC mortality. Interval cancers are diagnosed between screening rounds: reassurance from a negative gFOBt has the potential to influence the pathway to diagnosis of an interval colorectal cancer. METHODS: Twenty-six semi-structured face-to-face interviews were carried out in Scotland and England, with individuals diagnosed with an interval colorectal cancer following a negative gFOBt result...
February 19, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455707/the-alignment-of-law-practice-and-need-in-suicide-prevention
#6
Helen M Stallman, Jeneva L Ohan
Help-seeking is important for patients with suicidal ideation. Currently, a risk management paradigm is used with patients who express suicidality; however, this may limit support and increase stigma, reducing future help-seeking. Coping planning is proposed as a paradigm shift that overcomes these problems by focusing on patient needs and strengths. Declaration of interest None.
February 19, 2018: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452059/new-zealand-adolescents-concerns-about-their-alcohol-use-and-access-to-services-associations-with-ethnicity-and-other-factors
#7
Shanthi Ameratunga, Nicki Jackson, Roshini Peiris-John, Janie Sheridan, Emma Moselen, Terryann Clark
Using a national survey of 8,500 New Zealand high school students, we investigated adolescents' concerns about their drinking, associated factors including help-seeking preferences and access to health care services, and how these varied by ethnicity and level of socioeconomic deprivation. Approximately 23.9% of the 3,704 current drinkers reported concerns (i.e., being worried about their drinking and/or having tried to cut down). Regression analyses revealed that Māori and Pacific youth were more likely than their New Zealand European peers to be concerned about their drinking...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451985/a-comparison-of-barriers-to-accessing-services-for-mental-and-physical-health-conditions-in-a-sample-of-rural-australian-adults
#8
Kate Fennell, Melissa Hull, Martin Jones, James Dollman
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of chronic disease, mortality and suicide rates is higher in rural Australia than in urban centres. Understanding rural Australians' barriers to accessing health services requires urgent attention. The purpose of this study was to compare barriers to help-seeking for physical and mental health issues among rural South Australian adults. METHODS: A total of 409 people from three rural and remote regions in South Australia completed a computer-assisted telephone interview...
February 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451411/an-evaluation-of-a-peer-support-intervention-for-student-mental-health
#9
Nicola Byrom
BACKGROUND: Peer support is support provided by and for people with similar experiences. As students turn to peers for support with their mental health, peer support may provide an opportunity to engage students at an informal level and avoid some barriers to help-seeking. AIMS: The study aimed to identify students likely to attend peer support and evaluate the acceptability and impact of the intervention. METHODS: A six-part peer-led course for mild depression, based on behavioural activation and implementation intentions, was evaluated across eight UK universities with 65 students participating in the evaluation...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450881/a-comparative-description-of-perceived-stress-and-coping-strategies-among-psychology-and-nonpsychology-students-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#10
Zahir Vally, Brettjet L Cody, Safeya N M Alsheraifi, Maryam A Albloshi
PURPOSE: This study describes perceived stress and coping strategies as they occur within a college-aged population from an Arab background. Variables were compared between psychology students and their peers from other faculties. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, correlational design was used for this study. A total of 114 students completed the Brief COPE questionnaire, the Perceived Stress Scale, and a measure of our own design to assess sources of psychosocial support...
February 16, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449203/influencing-the-conversation-about-masculinity-and-suicide-evaluation-of-the-man-up-multimedia-campaign-using-twitter-data
#11
Marisa Schlichthorst, Kylie King, Jackie Turnure, Suku Sukunesan, Andrea Phelps, Jane Pirkis
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that some dominant aspects of traditional masculinity are contributing to the high suicide rates among Australian men. We developed a three-episode documentary called Man Up, which explores the complex relationship between masculinity and suicide and encourages men to question socially imposed rules about what it means to be a man and asks them to open up, express difficult emotions, and seek help if and when needed. We ran a three-phase social media campaign alongside the documentary using 5 channels (Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, YouTube, and Tumblr)...
February 15, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448907/disclosure-of-sexual-violence-among-girls-and-young-women-aged-13-to-24-years-results-from-the-violence-against-children-surveys-in-nigeria-and-malawi
#12
Kimberly H Nguyen, Howard Kress, Victor Atuchukwu, Dennis Onotu, Mahesh Swaminathan, Obinna Ogbanufe, Wezi Msungama, Steven A Sumner
Understanding factors that are associated with disclosure of sexual violence (SV) is important for the delivery of health services as well as developing strategies for prevention and response. The Violence Against Children Surveys were conducted in Malawi and Nigeria. We examined the prevalence of SV, help-seeking behaviors, and factors associated with disclosure among girls and young women aged 13 to 24. The self-reported prevalence of SV was similar in Nigeria (26%) and Malawi (27%). Among females who experienced SV, approximately one third (37%) in Nigeria and one half (55%) in Malawi ever disclosed their experience of SV...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447625/predicting-help-seeking-behavior-the-impact-of-knowing-someone-close-who-has-sought-help
#13
David J Disabato, Jerome L Short, Diane M Lameira, Karen D Bagley, Stephanie J Wong
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to replicate and extend research on social facilitators of college student's help seeking for psychological problems. PARTICIPANTS: We collected data on 420 ethnically diverse college students at a large public university (September 2008 - May 2010). METHODS: Students completed a cross-sectional online survey. RESULTS: We found that students who were aware of close others' (e.g., family, friends) help seeking were two times more likely to have sought formal (e...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447600/does-self-help-increase-rates-of-help-seeking-for-student-mental-health-problems-by-minimizing-stigma-as-a-barrier
#14
Michael E Levin, Jennifer Krafft, Crissa Levin
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether self-help (books, websites, mobile apps) increases help seeking for mental health problems among college students by minimizing stigma as a barrier. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: A survey was conducted with 200 college students reporting elevated distress from February to April 2017. RESULTS: Intentions to use self-help were low, but a significant portion of students unwilling to see mental health professionals intended to use self-help...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447589/do-student-service-members-veterans-experience-worse-mental-health-stigma-than-their-peers-a-comparative-study-in-a-national-sample
#15
Joseph M Currier, Ryon C McDermott, Brook M Sims
OBJECTIVES: Examine differences in mental health treatment-related stigma in student service members and veterans (SSM/Vs) and peers from 57 post-secondary institutions across the United States. METHODS: In total, 909 SSM/Vs and 1818 demographically- and institutionally-matched non-SSM/Vs completed assessments of stigma-related barriers to mental health service utilization as part of the Healthy Minds Study between 2011 and 2015. RESULTS: When compared to non-SSM/V peers, SSM/Vs reported more mental health treatment-related stigma toward help-seekers and less confidence in the helpfulness of therapy/counseling and psychotropic medications...
February 15, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446236/help-me-if-you-can-psychological-distance-and-help-seeking-intentions-in-employee-supervisor-relations
#16
Izhak Berkovich, Ori Eyal
Social support at work is considered useful in treating job-related stress, and supervisors' emotional support has been found to be the most effective source of support at work. But an understanding of what elements make employees use supervisors as a source of emotional support is lacking. The present qualitative study included in-depth interviews with 24 teachers and 12 principals and a focus group with 12 school counsellors. The findings pointed at 2 groups of determinants of subordinates' intentions of asking socioemotional help from supervisors...
February 15, 2018: Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444712/physical-activity-as-treatment-for-alcohol-use-disorders-fitforchange-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Mats Hallgren, Victoria Andersson, Örjan Ekblom, Sven Andréasson
BACKGROUND: Help-seeking for alcohol use disorders (AUDs) is low and traditional treatments are often perceived as stigmatizing. Physical activity has positive effects on mental and physical health which could benefit this population. We propose to compare the effects of aerobic training, yoga, and usual care for AUDs in physically inactive Swedish adults. METHODS: This is a three-group, parallel, single-blind, randomized controlled trial (RCT). In total, 210 adults (aged 18-75 years) diagnosed with an AUD will be invited to participate in a 12-week intervention...
February 14, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441451/trauma-psychosocial-factors-and-help-seeking-in-three-immigrant-groups-in-finland
#18
Carla C Schubert, Raija-Leena Punamäki, Jaana Suvisaari, Päivikki Koponen, Anu Castaneda
Multiple psychosocial factors influence help-seeking behavior among immigrants, but studies have focused on separate issues in single cultural groups. This study tested a model of help-seeking behavior among three ethnically different immigrant groups. Participants were 1356 Somali, Russian, and Kurdish immigrants (18-64 years). They reported past traumatic events, social network, acculturation indices, trust in services, and mental health as well as usage of mental and somatic health services. Structural equation modeling (SEM) with multigroup procedure was applied...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435354/evaluating-the-benefits-of-a-youth-mental-health-curriculum-for-students-in-nicaragua-a-parallel-group-controlled-pilot-investigation
#19
Arun V Ravindran, Andres Herrera, Tricia L da Silva, Joanna Henderson, Magda Esther Castrillo, Stan Kutcher
Background: High rates of mental illness and addictions are well documented among youth in Nicaragua. Limited mental health services, poor mental health knowledge and stigma reduce help-seeking. The Mental Health Curriculum (MHC) is a Canadian school-based program that has shown a positive impact on such contributing factors. This pilot project evaluated the impact of the MHC on mental wellness and functioning among youth in Leon, Nicaragua. Methods: High school and university students (aged 14-25 years) were assigned to intervention (12-week MHC; n  =  567) and control (wait-list; n  =  346) groups in a non-randomized design...
2018: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434017/health-information-obtained-from-the-internet-and-changes-in-medical-decision-making-questionnaire-development-and-cross-sectional-survey
#20
Yen-Yuan Chen, Chia-Ming Li, Jyh-Chong Liang, Chin-Chung Tsai
BACKGROUND: The increasing utilization of the internet has provided a better opportunity for people to search online for health information, which was not easily available to them in the past. Studies reported that searching on the internet for health information may potentially influence an individual's decision making to change her health-seeking behaviors. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to (1) develop and validate 2 questionnaires to estimate the strategies of problem-solving in medicine and utilization of online health information, (2) determine the association between searching online for health information and utilization of online health information, and (3) determine the association between online medical help-seeking and utilization of online health information...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
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