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Coping Mechanism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735161/types-of-strain-among-family-members-of-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-across-the-lifespan
#1
Carolyn M Shivers, Katarina Krizova, Gloria K Lee
BACKGROUND: Although increased caregiver strain is often found among family caregivers of individuals with autism spectrum disorder, it is still unclear as to how different types of strain relate to amount and types of caregiving across the lifespan. AIMS: The present study examined different types of strain (i.e. subjective internalized strain, subjective externalized strain, and objective strain) and how such strain relates to the amount of caregiving responsibilities...
July 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734802/co-transplantation-of-mesenchymal-and-neural-stem-cells-and-overexpressing-stromal-derived-factor-1-for-treating-spinal-cord-injury
#2
Andrew N Stewart, Griffin Kendziorski, Zachary M Deak, Dara J Brown, Matthew N Fini, Katherine L Copely, Julien Rossignol, Gary L Dunbar
Genetic engineering of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and neuronal stem cells (NSCs) has been used to treat spinal cord injuries (SCI). As a mechanism of therapy, MSCs secrete high amounts of anti-inflammatory cytokines and trophic factors, while NSCs can differentiate into neuronal lineages and aid in tissue replacement. Additionally, the forced overexpression of secreted proteins can enhance the secretome of transplanted cells, which can increase therapeutic efficacy. This study utilized a combinational treatment consisting of MSCs, NSCs, and the forced overexpression of the chemokine stromal-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) from MSCs (SDF-1-MSCs), to treat a rat model of SCI...
July 19, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733762/reconsidering-betaine-as-a-natural-anti-heat-stress-agent-in-poultry-industry-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Muhammad Saeed, Daryoush Babazadeh, Muhammad Naveed, Muhammad Asif Arain, Faiz Ul Hassan, Sun Chao
Betaine is found ubiquitously in plants, animals, microorganisms, and rich dietary sources including seafood, spinach, and wheat bran. The chief physiological role of betaine is to function as a methyl donor and an osmolyte. Betaine also acts as an osmolyte, to maintain the avian's cellular water and ion balance to improve the avian's capacity against heat stress via preventing dehydration and osmotic inactivation. It helps in maintaining the protective osmolytic activity, especially in heat-stressed birds...
July 21, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733196/proteasome-subunit-beta-type-1-p11a-polymorphism-is-a-new-prognostic-marker-in-multiple-myeloma
#4
Gergely Varga, Gábor Mikala, Katalin Piroska Kiss, Éva Kosóczki, Edit Szabó, Nóra Meggyesi, Katalin Balassa, Petra Kövy, Bálint Tegze, Gergely Szombath, Attila Tordai, Hajnalka Andrikovics, László Homolya, Tamás Masszi
BACKGROUND: Proteasome subunit beta type 1 (PSMB1) rs12717 polymorphism, a single nucleotide polymorphism with unknown functional effect, was recently reported to influence response to bortezomib-based therapy in follicular lymphoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the prognostic impact of this polymorphism in 211 consecutively diagnosed multiple myeloma cases, and performed in vitro experiments to look into its functional consequences. RESULTS: On univariate analysis, patients carrying the variant G allele showed significantly shorter progression-free survival (PFS) with a pattern suggestive of a gene-dose effect (PFS 26...
June 30, 2017: Clinical Lymphoma, Myeloma & Leukemia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733132/plastic-and-micro-evolutionary-responses-of-a-nematode-to-the-host-immune-environment
#5
Emmanuel Guivier, Cédric Lippens, Bruno Faivre, Gabriele Sorci
Parasitic organisms have to cope with the defences deployed by their hosts and this can be achieved adopting immune evasion strategies or optimal life history traits according to the prevailing pattern of immune-mediated mortality. Parasites often encounter variable immune environments both within and between hosts, promoting the evolution of plastic strategies instead of fixed responses. Here, we explored the plasticity and micro-evolutionary responses of immunomodulatory mechanisms and life history traits to the immune environment provided by the host, using the parasitic nematode Heligmosomoides polygyrus...
July 18, 2017: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731796/bees-without-flowers-before-peak-bloom-diverse-native-bees-find-insect-produced-honeydew-sugars
#6
Joan M Meiners, Terry L Griswold, David J Harris, S K Morgan Ernest
Bee foragers respond to complex visual, olfactory, and extrasensory cues to optimize searches for floral rewards. Their abilities to detect and distinguish floral colors, shapes, volatiles, and ultraviolet signals and even gauge nectar availability from changes in floral humidity or electric fields are well studied. Bee foraging behaviors in the absence of floral cues, however, are rarely considered. We observed 42 species of wild bees visiting inconspicuous, nonflowering shrubs during early spring in a protected Mediterranean habitat...
August 2017: American Naturalist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731565/a-narrative-synthesis-of-women-s-out-of-body-experiences-during-childbirth
#7
Lynda Bateman, Catriona Jones, Julie Jomeen
INTRODUCTION: Some women have a dissociated, out-of-body experience (OBE) during childbirth, which may be described as seeing the body from above or floating above the body. This review examines this phenomenon using narratives from women who have experienced intrapartum OBEs. METHODS: A narrative synthesis of qualitative research was employed to systematically synthesize OBE narratives from existing studies. Strict inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731073/-effect-of-stress-and-intesity-of-mobile-phone-using-on-the-health-and-subjective-symptoms-in-gsm-workers
#8
Agata Szyjkowska, Elżbieta Gadzicka, Wiesław Szymczak, Alicja Bortkiewicz
BACKGROUND: There are no available data on the health consequences that may result from the synergistic effects of electromagnetic fields (EMF) and stress. Understanding the mechanisms of the simultaneous exposure will make it possible to develop procedures to minimize adverse health effects in professionals using mobile phones. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A questionnaire survey was conducted in 600 randomly selected people to obtain data on their health status and the prevalence of subjective symptoms related to the mobile phones using...
July 12, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730064/access-to-curriculum-for-students-with-disabilities-at-higher-education-institutions-how-does-the-national-university-of-lesotho-fare
#9
Paseka A Mosia, Nareadi Phasha
BACKGROUND: Creating access to curricula at institutions of higher education for students with disabilities requires a concerted effort from management and other key stakeholders to identify students' needs and create opportunities for success. OBJECTIVES: This paper presents the findings of a study which examined students with disabilities' access to curricula at a higher education institution in Lesotho. METHOD: Data for this qualitative study were collected using three methods: in-depth interviews, focus group discussions and document analysis...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729423/protection-of-the-general-stress-response-%C3%AF-s-by-crsr-allows-a-rapid-and-efficient-adaptation-of-shewanella-oneidensis
#10
Sophie Bouillet, Olivier Genest, Vincent Méjean, Chantal Iobbi-Nivol
To cope with environmental stresses, bacteria have evolved various strategies, including the general stress response (GSR). GSR is governed by an alternative transcriptional sigma factor named σ(S) (RpoS) that associates with RNA polymerase and controls the expression of numerous genes. Previously, we have reported that posttranslational regulation of σ(S) in the aquatic bacterium Shewanella oneidensis involves the CrsR-CrsA partner-switching regulatory system, but the exact mechanism by which CrsR and CrsA control σ(S) activity is not completely unveiled...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728445/the-mediating-and-moderating-role-of-planning-on-mothers-decisions-for-early-childhood-dietary-behaviours
#11
Kyra Hamilton, Emily J Kothe, Barbara Mullan, Teagan Spinks
OBJECTIVE: Examine the roles of action and coping planning on the intention-behaviour relationship for mothers' decisions for their young children's dietary behaviours. DESIGN: Prospective design with two waves of data collection, one week apart. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Mothers (N = 197, Mage = 34.39, SD = 5.65) of children aged 2-3 years completed a main questionnaire assessing planning constructs and intentions, and a one-week follow-up of the target behaviours - 'healthy eating' and 'discretionary choices'...
July 20, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727232/functional-genomic-analysis-of-corals-from-natural-co2-seeps-reveals-core-molecular-responses-involved-in-acclimatization-to-ocean-acidification
#12
C D Kenkel, A Moya, J Strahl, C Humphrey, L K Bay
Little is known about the potential for acclimatization or adaptation of corals to ocean acidification and even less about the molecular mechanisms underpinning these processes. Here we examine global gene expression patterns in corals and their intracellular algal symbionts from two replicate population pairs in Papua New Guinea that have undergone long-term acclimatization to natural variation in pCO2 . In the coral host, only 61 genes were differentially expressed in response to pCO2 environment, but the pattern of change was highly consistent between replicate populations, likely reflecting the core expression homeostasis response to ocean acidification...
July 20, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726549/homeless-veterans-experiences-with-substance-use-recovery-and-treatment-through-photo-elicitation
#13
Samuel F Sestito, Keri L Rodriguez, Shaddy K Saba, James W Conley, Michael A Mitchell, Adam J Gordon
BACKGROUND: Homeless Veterans often have addictions and comorbidities that complicate utilization of longitudinal healthcare services, such as primary care. An understanding of experiences of Veterans enrolled in a Homeless Patient Aligned Care Team (H-PACT) may improve addiction treatment engagement in these settings. We aimed to describe H-PACT Veterans' experiences with substance use (SU), substance use recovery (SUR), and substance use treatment (SUT). METHODS: Homeless Veterans were recruited from a Veteran primary care medical home clinic between September 2014 and March 2015...
July 20, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726482/-great-powers-and-great-responsibilities-a-brief-comment-on-a-brief-mobile-app-reduces-nonsuicidal-and-suicidal-self-injury-evidence-from-three-randomized-controlled-trials-franklin-et-al-2016
#14
Emma Nielsen, Olivia J Kirtley, Ellen Townsend
Online and mobile mental health applications (apps) herald exciting new opportunities for the treatment and prevention of self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs). With such rapid technological advances, it is paramount that health care innovation not be achieved to the detriment of intervention quality. Franklin et al.'s (2016) therapeutic evaluative conditioning (TEC) app is a novel and timely addition to the mobile health landscape; uncommonly for such apps, it is evidence based. There are, however, several crucial challenges to be surmounted for TEC to be successful; arguably, interventions ought to build lasting skills that can be subsequently and consciously recruited to manage distress beyond the intervention period...
August 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726442/ptsd-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-co-morbidity-gaps-in-research-and-potential-shared-mechanisms
#15
Nirit Haruvi-Lamdan, Danny Horesh, Ofer Golan
BACKGROUND: While autism and trauma were often linked in psychoanalytic theory, very few scientific attempts have been made to explore the associations and comorbidity between the two. Instead, each area has grown separately, yielding large bodies of theoretical and clinical knowledge. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK: In this article, we suggest several possible pathways that may link trauma and autism. First, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may serve as a vulnerability marker for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), specifically by increasing the risk for exposure to traumatic events...
July 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724736/phenotypic-shift-in-wolbachia-virulence-towards-its-native-host-across-serial-horizontal-passages
#16
Winka Le Clec'h, Jessica Dittmer, Maryline Raimond, Didier Bouchon, Mathieu Sicard
Vertical transmission mode is predicted to decrease the virulence of symbionts. However, Wolbachia, a widespread vertically transmitted endosymbiont, exhibits both negative and beneficial effects on arthropod fitness. This 'Jekyll and Hyde' behaviour, as well as its ability to live transiently outside host cells and to establish new infections via horizontal transmission, may reflect the capacity of Wolbachia to exhibit various phenotypes depending on the prevailing environmental constraints. To study the ability of Wolbachia to readily cope with new constraints, we forced this endosymbiont to spread only via horizontal transmission...
July 26, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723724/coping-strategies-used-by-breast-prostate-and-colorectal-cancer-survivors-a-literature-review
#17
Mari P Lashbrook, Patricia C Valery, Vikki Knott, Marilynne N Kirshbaum, Christina M Bernardes
BACKGROUND: Individual coping strategies are a fundamental element underpinning psychosocial distress. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe coping strategies and their measurement used by survivors of breast, prostate, and/or colorectal cancer after treatment. METHODS: A search of electronic databases (PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO) was conducted from January 1980 to March 2015. Data were extracted using standardized forms and included studies that explored the coping mechanisms of survivorship of breast, prostate, or colorectal cancer...
July 14, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716368/surgeons-and-surgical-trainees-acute-stress-in-real-operations-or-simulation-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Konstantinos Georgiou, Andreas Larentzakis, Athanasios G Papavassiliou
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Acute stress in surgery is ubiquitous and has an immediate impact on surgical performance and patient safety. Surgeons react with several coping strategies; however, they recognise the necessity of formal stress management training. Thus, stress assessment is a direct need. Surgical simulation is a validated standardised training milieu designed to replicate real-life situations. It replicates stress, prevents biases, and provides objective metrics. The complexity of stress mechanisms makes stress measurement difficult to quantify and interpret...
July 14, 2017: Surgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715081/molecular-constraints-on-resistance-tolerance-tradeoffs
#19
J Miles Mesa, Daniel R Scholes, Jack Juvik, Ken N Paige
Plants have numerous mechanisms to cope with the negative effects of herbivory, including plant resistance, structural and chemical traits that reduce damage, and plant tolerance, the ability to compensate for tissues lost. It has been argued that resistance and tolerance represent alternate strategies and thus there should be a tradeoff between resistance and tolerance. However, resistance and tolerance are controlled via the same molecular pathway, the oxidative pentose phosphate pathway and the process of endoreduplication...
July 17, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713401/genome-wide-association-study-reveals-natural-variations-contributing-to-drought-resistance-in-crops
#20
REVIEW
Hongwei Wang, Feng Qin
Crops are often cultivated in regions where they will face environmental adversities; resulting in substantial yield loss which can ultimately lead to food and societal problems. Thus, significant efforts have been made to breed stress tolerant cultivars in an attempt to minimize these problems and to produce more stability with respect to crop yields across broad geographies. Since stress tolerance is a complex and multi-genic trait, advancements with classical breeding approaches have been challenging. On the other hand, molecular breeding, which is based on transgenics, marker-assisted selection and genome editing technologies; holds great promise to enable farmers to better cope with these challenges...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
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