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Coping Mechanism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635436/changes-in-the-nature-and-intensity-of-stress-following-employment-among-people-with-severe-mental-illness-receiving-individual-placement-and-support-services-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#1
Christine Besse, Daniel Poremski, Vincent Laliberté, Eric Latimer
BACKGROUND: Most people with severe mental illness (SMI) want to work. Individual placement and support (IPS) programs have proven effective in helping them obtain and keep competitive jobs. Yet, practitioners often fear that competitive jobs might be too stressful. AIMS: To explore how the nature and intensity of stress experienced by IPS clients changed after the transition from looking for work to being employed. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews explored the experiences of 16 clients of an IPS program who had recently been competitively employed...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635432/psychological-resilience-in-people-experiencing-schizophrenia-and-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviours
#2
Patricia Ann Gooding, Donna Littlewood, Rebecca Owen, Judith Johnson, Nick Tarrier
BACKGROUND: Negative stressors can aggravate the impact of schizophrenia. However, some people find ways of combating such stressors. There is a dearth of research examining factors which enable individuals with schizophrenia to show psychological resilience. AIMS: The goal of this study was to investigate resilience to negative stressors in people with disorders on the schizophrenia spectrum using a qualitative methodology. METHODS: Data were collected from 23 participants who had experienced schizophrenia and suicidal thoughts and behaviours...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630667/evaluation-of-radical-scavenging-system-in-amoeba-chaos-carolinense-during-nutrient-deprivation
#3
Yuru Deng, Edlyn Li-Hui Lee, Ketpin Chong, Zakaria A Almsherqi
The frequent appearance of non-lamellar membrane arrangements such as cubic membranes (CMs) in cells under stressed or pathological conditions points to an intrinsic cellular response mechanism. CM represents highly curved, three-dimensional nano-periodic structures that correspond to mathematically well-defined triply periodic minimal surfaces. Specifically, cellular membrane may transform into CM organization in response to pathological, inflammatory and oxidative stress conditions. CM organization, thus, may provide an advantage to cope with various types of stress...
August 6, 2017: Interface Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628557/excessive-hemodynamic-activity-in-the-superior-frontal-cortex-during-the-flanker-task-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#4
Kota Suzuki, Yasuko Okumura, Yosuke Kita, Yuhei Oi, Yushiro Yamashita, Takaaki Goto, Masumi Inagaki
Near-infrared spectroscopy studies in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have shown excessive prefrontal activity responsible for coping with interference. However, it is possible that the previous results were influenced by verbal, reading, and memory developments. The flanker task is an interference task that does not require a verbal response, reading, or memorization. We examined activity in the superior frontal cortex (SFC) during the flanker task in 12 children with ADHD and 14 children with typical development using near-infrared spectroscopy...
June 16, 2017: Neuroreport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628240/comparative-transcriptome-analysis-of-nodules-of-two-mesorhizobium-chickpea-associations-with-differential-symbiotic-efficiency-under-phosphate-deficiency
#5
Maryam Nasr Esfahani, Komaki Inoue, Ha Duc Chu, Kien Huu Nguyen, Chien Van Ha, Yasuko Watanabe, David J Burritt, Luis Herrera-Estrella, Keiichi Mochida, Lam-Son Phan Tran
Phosphate (Pi) deficiency is known to be a major limitation for symbiotic nitrogen fixation (SNF), and hence legume crop productivity globally. However, very little information is available on the adaptive mechanisms, particularly in the important legume crop chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), which enable nodules to respond to low-Pi availability. Thus, to elucidate these mechanisms in chickpea nodules at molecular level, we used an RNA sequencing approach to investigate transcriptomes of the nodules in Mesorhizobium mediterraneum SWRI9-(MmSWRI9)-chickpea and M...
June 19, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626298/stress-and-coping-latino-youth-coming-of-age-in-a-new-latino-destination
#6
Maria Brietzke, Krista Perreira
Previous research has linked stress to adverse mental health outcomes among Latino adolescents living in the United States. The mechanism through which this process operates continues to be explored, especially in regions of the country where Latin American immigrants and their children have only recently begun to migrate. Our study aimed to contextualize the processes of stress and coping among Latino adolescents growing up in an emerging Latino destination in the US-North Carolina (NC). All adolescents in our study were either the first or second generation children of immigrants from Latin American countries including Colombia, El Salvador, Honduras, and Mexico...
July 2017: Journal of Adolescent Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626004/sex-chromosome-evolution-heterochiasmy-and-physiological-qtl-in-the-salmonid-brook-charr-salvelinus-fontinalis
#7
Ben J G Sutherland, Ciro Rico, Céline Audet, Louis Bernatchez
Whole genome duplication can have large impacts on genome evolution, and much remains unknown about these impacts. This includes the mechanisms of coping with a duplicated sex determination system and whether this has an impact on increasing the diversity of sex determination mechanisms. Other impacts include sexual conflict, where alleles having different optimums in each sex can result in sequestration of genes into non-recombining sex chromosomes. Sex chromosome development itself may involve sex-specific recombination rate (i...
June 16, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624698/brief-mindfulness-training-de-couples-the-anxiogenic-effects-of-distress-intolerance-on-reactivity-to-and-recovery-from-stress-among-deprived-smokers
#8
Rotem Paz, Ariel Zvielli, Pavel Goldstein, Amit Bernstein
OBJECTIVE: We tested whether mindfulness de-couples the expected anxiogenic effects of distress intolerance on psychological and physiological reactivity to and recovery from an anxiogenic stressor among participants experimentally sensitized to experience distress. METHOD: N = 104 daily smokers underwent 18-hours of biochemically-verified smoking deprivation. Participants were then randomized to a 7-min analogue mindfulness intervention (present moment attention and awareness training; PMAA) or a cope-as-usual control condition; and subsequently exposed to a 2...
June 2, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622391/neuronal-substrates-underlying-stress-resilience-and-susceptibility-in-rats
#9
Fabia Febbraro, Katrine Svenningsen, Thao Phuong Tran, Ove Wiborg
BACKGROUND: Stress and stressful life events have repeatedly been shown as causally related to depression. The Chronic Mild Stress rat model is a valid model of stress-induced depression. Like humans, rats display great heterogeneity in their response to stress and adversity. Hence some individuals are stress-sensitive and prone to develop depression-like behaviour in response to modest stressors, while others are stress-resilient and remain essentially symptom free. OBJECTIVES: Compared to the large body of research, which describes stress-induced maladaptive neurobiological changes, relatively little attention has been devoted to understand resiliency to stress...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617373/-a-psychological-content-of-social-phobia-syndrome
#10
O A Sagalakova, D V Truevtsev, I Ya Stoyanova
AIM: To perform a psychological analysis of social phobia syndrome. The subject area of research is the structure of mental activity and behavior in social activity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 32 patients with symptoms of social phobia (ICD-10 F40.1) and 29 healthy people (controls). A complex of psychological methods (questionnaires; pathopsychological experiment) was used. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Early maladaptive schemes and a tendency to mental rigidity can be a premorbid basis of the syndrome...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616801/life-course-perspectives-on-the-onset-and-continuity-of-preventive-healthcare-behaviors
#11
REVIEW
Preecha Yingwattanakul, George P Moschis
Preventive healthcare is considered a cornerstone of good health and well-being that can play a major role in reducing a country's healthcare costs and improving both the length and quality of people's lives. Previous research on preventive healthcare behaviors has been predominantly cross-sectional, ignoring the dynamic nature of people's health behaviors over a full life span. As a result, the reasons for the development, stability, and changes of individuals' preventive healthcare behaviors over time remain relatively unknown...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612009/cardiac-cell-senescence-and-redox-signaling
#12
REVIEW
Daniela Cesselli, Aneta Aleksova, Sandro Sponga, Celeste Cervellin, Carla Di Loreto, Gianluca Tell, Antonio Paolo Beltrami
Aging is characterized by a progressive loss of the ability of the organism to cope with stressors and to repair tissue damage. As a result, chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, increase their prevalence with aging, underlining the existence of common mechanisms that lead to frailty and age-related diseases. In this frame, the progressive decline of the homeostatic and reparative function of primitive cells has been hypothesized to play a major role in the evolution of cardiac pathology to heart failure...
2017: Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606772/dominance-status-alters-restraint-induced-neural-activity-in-brain-regions-controlling-stress-vulnerability
#13
Matthew A Cooper, Sahba Seddighi, Abigail K Barnes, J Alex Grizzell, Brooke N Dulka, Catherine T Clinard
Understanding the cellular mechanisms that control resistance and vulnerability to stress is an important step toward identifying novel targets for the prevention and treatment of stress-related mental illness. In Syrian hamsters, dominant and subordinate animals exhibit different behavioral and physiological responses to social defeat stress, with dominants showing stress resistance and subordinates showing stress vulnerability. We previously found that dominant and subordinate hamsters show different levels of defeat-induced neural activity in brain regions that modulate coping with stress, although the extent to which status-dependent differences in stress vulnerability generalize to non-social stressors is unknown...
June 9, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604530/spirituality-as-a-coping-mechanism-for-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease
#14
Diane Reynolds
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that can render individuals totally disabled. Spiritual practices can help mitigate stress and provide a source of strength in PD. This article demonstrates a gap that exists between PD and spiritual coping specific research; discusses existing spiritual coping research in chronic illness; and explores the use of spirituality in managing PD care. Healthcare providers need to provide holistic care and explore mechanisms to assist individuals to manage the demands of living with PD...
July 2017: Journal of Christian Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of Nurses Christian Fellowship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604116/the-cognitive-decline-in-older-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-cope-study-rationale-and-design
#15
Noeleen Berkhout-Byrne, Marije H Kallenberg, André Gaasbeek, Ton J Rabelink, Sebastiaan Hammer, Mark A van Buchem, Matthias J van Osch, Lucia J M Kroft, Henk Boom, Simon P Mooijaart, Marjolijn van Buren
BACKGROUND: Older patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) are at increased risk for cognitive decline, but detailed studies of the magnitude of cognitive decline on dialysis or comprehensive conservative management (CCM) are lacking and the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms have poorly been studied. OBJECTIVE: To describe the rationale and design of the COPE study. Study objectives are firstly to examine the severity of cognitive impairment in older patients reaching ESRD before dialysis and the rate of decline after dialysis or CCM initiation...
June 10, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603483/oscillatory-mechanisms-of-stimulus-processing-and-selection-in-the-visual-and-auditory-systems-state-of-the-art-speculations-and-suggestions
#16
REVIEW
Benedikt Zoefel, Rufin VanRullen
All sensory systems need to continuously prioritize and select incoming stimuli in order to avoid overflow or interference, and provide a structure to the brain's input. However, the characteristics of this input differ across sensory systems; therefore, and as a direct consequence, each sensory system might have developed specialized strategies to cope with the continuous stream of incoming information. Neural oscillations are intimately connected with this selection process, as they can be used by the brain to rhythmically amplify or attenuate input and therefore represent an optimal tool for stimulus selection...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602711/patients-perceptions-and-attitudes-on-recurrent-prostate-cancer-and-hormone-therapy-qualitative-comparison-between-decision-aid-and-control-groups
#17
Rita Gorawara-Bhat, Siobhan O'Muircheartaigh, Supriya Mohile, William Dale
OBJECTIVE: To compare patients' attitudes towards recurrent prostate cancer (PCa) and starting hormone therapy (HT) treatment in two groups-Decision-Aid (DA) (intervention) and Standard-of-care (SoC) (Control). METHODS: The present research was conducted at three academic clinics-two in the Midwest and one in the Northeast U.S. Patients with biochemical recurrence of PCa (n=26) and follow-up oncology visits meeting inclusion criteria were randomized to either the SoC or DA intervention group prior to their consultation...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600605/-solitude-religious-and-cultural-uniqueness-in-a-foreign-environment-adjustments-as-an-arab-student-for-your-consideration-to-be-published-in-your-journal
#18
Hamzeh Y Abunab, Wireen Leila T Dator, Jordan T Salvador, Mary Grace C Lacanaria
Arab-Muslims have extremely religious-centered and restrictive cultural practices. Living in a foreign country where Islam is a minority religion and culture is categorically different entails a great deal of adjustment. This study explored how Arab-Muslim International Students live and cope in a non-Arab, non-Muslim country. The authors used phenomenological approach with Colaizzi's method of analysis to (1) explore the lived experience of the Arab students' academic and social life and (2) come up with recommendations that can be supported by universities in Philippines and other countries with Arab students...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599818/dealing-with-uncertainty-when-using-a-surveillance-system
#19
Gaëtan Texier, Liliane Pellegrin, Claire Vignal, Jean-Baptiste Meynard, Xavier Deparis, Hervé Chaudet
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiologists manage outbreak identification and confirmation by means of a "situation diagnosis", which involves validating (or invalidating) an alarm (signal identified as abnormal) as an alert (a real, characterized outbreak) and proposing the first countermeasures. This work investigates how uncertainty is materialized during this stage, and how experts develop strategies to address this uncertainty with the help of an early warning system. METHODS: We built an experiment using a simulation platform with a scenario involving both a natural and an intentional outbreak...
August 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599594/stress-as-experienced-by-people-with-dementia-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#20
Barbara K Sharp
Health and social care research on stress in dementia has predominantly considered the stress experienced by family and professional carers. Focus on the person with dementia has frequently laid emphasis on the impact of stress-related behaviour on others and how such behaviour might be 'managed'. This paper describes a qualitative study which gives voice to people with dementia on the subject of stress and responds to the need for a better understanding of stress as it is experienced by people with dementia themselves...
January 1, 2017: Dementia
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