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Ischemic colitis

Satoru Kondo, Toshimitsu Araki, Yoshiki Okita, Akira Yamamoto, Yasuhiko Hamada, Masaki Katsurahara, Noriyuki Horiki, Misaki Nakamura, Takahiro Shimoyama, Takayuki Yamamoto, Yoshiyuki Takei, Masato Kusunoki
Orally administered Qing-dai, called indigo naturalis in Latin, is reportedly useful for the treatment of ulcerative colitis. We herein describe two patients with ulcerative colitis who developed colitis with wall thickening and edematous changes during oral administration of the powdered form of Qing-dai. In Case 1, a 35-year-old man developed colitis similar to ischemic colitis with bloody stool that recurred each time he ingested Qing-dai. He had no signs of recurrence upon withdrawal of Qing-dai. In Case 2, a 43-year-old woman underwent ileocecal resection for treatment of an intussusception 2 months after beginning oral administration of Qing-dai...
March 16, 2018: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
Reuban Toby D'cruz, Cheryl Chien-Li Lau, Thomas Paulraj Thamboo
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) typically causes gastrointestinal infections in immunocompetent patients. Colonic perforations secondary to CMV are exceeding rare. We describe a 88-year-old male presenting with a week-long history of intractable abdominal discomfort, bloating, nausea and diarrhea. Flexible sigmoidoscopy revealed significant ulceration with yellowish slough. Emergency surgery was performed subsequently in view of multiple perforations in the rectosigmoid junction. CMV gastrointestinal infections demonstrated an ischemic process secondary to vasculitis, which accelerated the pathway to colonic perforation...
March 12, 2018: Archives of Virology
Yosuke Kamada, Kenichiro Fukuda, Masafumi Iguchi, Maho Inoue, Kingo Kashimoto, George Iwata, Nobuki Yamaoka, Kenji Tsukamoto
The case was for a male at the age of 80. We performed laparoscopic left hemicolectomy and D3 lymph node dissection for descending colon cancer. He had a good postoperative prognosis and was discharged on the 14th day after the operation. Later, he was receiving the treatment on an outpatient basis without postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy during the followup period. He visited the hospital for sudden abdominal pain and melena as chief complaint approximately 4 months after the operation. We found prominent edematous wall thickening and increased surrounding fat concentration in the anal side of colon from the anastomosis site with plain abdominal CT scan...
February 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Rafael Boscolo-Berto, Veronica Macchi, Andrea Porzionato, Aldo Morra, Roberto Vezzaro, Marios Loukas, R Shane Tubbs, Raffaele De Caro
Introduction The Tauber procedure, i.e., antegrade sclerotherapy for varicocele, can lead to ischemic colitis. The pathogenesis can involve an atypical systemic-portal communication, which could represent an infrequently reported (rare) anatomical variant. The aim of this study is to review clinical cases from the literature to highlight the anatomical bases of such complications. Materials and methods A computer-aided and hand-checked review of the literature was used to identify relevant publications. Also, the computed tomography (CT) examination of a clinical case with medico-legal implications due to severe vascular complication following Tauber's procedure was reviewed...
February 23, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
Fadi H Mourad, Rupert W Leong
Despite the recent advances in endoscopic hemostatic techniques, the management of lower gastrointestinal bleeding could be sometimes challenging. Hemostatic powders such as hemospray, endoclot and Ankafred Blood Stopper have found their way into digestive endoscopy and are licenced in many countries especially for use in upper gastrointestinal bleeding. We reviewed the literature on the use of these hemostatic powders in different situations in lower gastrointestinal bleeding and looked at the success rate and rebleeding rate...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Tomoya Iida, Yosuke Ohkubo, Toshiyuki Kubo, Kentaro Yamashita, Kei Onodera, Eiichiro Yamamoto, Katsuhiko Nosho, Toshiro Ito, Hiroo Yamano, Hiroshi Nakase
Background and study aims  Ischemic proctitis is a rare disease and comprises 2 % to 5 % of cases of ischemic colitis, because the rectum has abundant blood supply and rich collaterals. Herein, we report a case of a 73-year-old male patient with a pronounced rectal stricture caused by ischemic proctitis resulting from an abdominal aortic rupture and treated by endoscopic balloon dilation therapy. To date, only 3 cases of rectal stricture related to ischemic proctitis including our case have been reported, and this is the first case of rectal stricture related to ischemic proctitis, which was successfully treated by endoscopic balloon dilation...
February 2018: Endoscopy International Open
Antonija Duzel, Josipa Vlainic, Marko Antunovic, Dominik Malekinusic, Borna Vrdoljak, Mariam Samara, Slaven Gojkovic, Ivan Krezic, Tinka Vidovic, Zdenko Bilic, Mario Knezevic, Marko Sever, Nermin Lojo, Antonio Kokot, Marijan Kolovrat, Domagoj Drmic, Jaksa Vukojevic, Tamara Kralj, Katarina Kasnik, Marko Siroglavic, Sven Seiwerth, Predrag Sikiric
AIM: To provide new insights in treatment of colitis and ischemia and reperfusion in rats using stable gastric pentadecapeptide BPC 157. METHODS: Medication [BPC 157, L-NAME, L-arginine (alone/combined), saline] was bath at the blood deprived colon segment. During reperfusion, medication was BPC 157 or saline. We recorded (USB microscope camera) vessel presentation through next 15 min of ischemic colitis (IC-rats) or reperfusion (removed ligations) (IC + RL-rats); oxidative stress as MDA (increased (IC- and IC + RL-rats)) and NO levels (decreased (IC-rats); increased (IC + RL-rats)) in colon tissue...
December 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Georgia Diamantopoulou, Christos Konstantakis, Anastasia Kottorοu, Georgios Skroubis, Georgios Theocharis, Vasileios Theopistos, Christos Triantos, Vasiliki Nikolopoulou, Konstantinos Thomopoulos
Background: In recent years major advances have been made in the management of patients with acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding. The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics and clinical outcome of patients with acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding (ALGIB) treated with an intensive protocol. Methods: We analyzed the medical records of 528 patients with ALGIB. All patients after hemodynamic stabilization underwent colonoscopy during the first 24 h of hospitalization and capsule enteroscopy when needed...
December 2017: Gastroenterology Research
Qingqing Qi, Yan Zhang, Feixue Chen, Xiuli Zuo, Yanqing Li
BACKGROUND: Ramosetron is a potent and selective serotonin type 3 receptor antagonist. This meta-analysis aimed to analyze the efficacy and safety of ramosetron for irritable bowel syndrome with diarrhea (IBS-D). METHODS: Pubmed, MEDLINE, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library were searched for randomized controlled trials investigating the efficacy and safety of ramosetron for IBS-D. Risk of bias was assessed as described in the Cochrane handbook. A random effects model was used to calculate the effects of ramosetron vs placebo on symptomatic improvements, including relief of overall IBS symptoms, relief of abdominal discomfort/pain, improvement in abnormal bowel habits, and improvement in stool consistency, expressed as pooled relative risks (RRs) with 95% confidence interval (CI)...
January 8, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
Ethan J Speir, R Mitchell Ermentrout, Jonathan G Martin
Acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding (LGIB), defined as hemorrhage into the gastrointestinal tract distal to the ligament of Treitz, is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among adults. Overall, mortality rates are estimated between 2.4% and 3.9%. The most common etiology for LGIB is diverticulosis, implicated in approximately 30% of cases, with other causes including hemorrhoids, ischemic colitis, and postpolypectomy bleeding. Transcatheter visceral angiography has begun to play an increasingly important role in both the diagnosis and treatment of LGIB...
December 2017: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Sofía Del Carmen Martínez, Ruth Gervás Ríos, Yoana Franco Rodríguez, Cristina González Velasco, Miguel Ángel Cruz Sánchez, María Del Mar Abad Hernández
Despite the frequency of infections with herpesviridae family, only eight subtypes affect humans (Herpex Simplex Virus types 1 and 2, Varicella Zoster Virus, Epstein-Barr Virus, Citomegalovirus and Human Herpes Virus types 6, 7 and 8). Amongst enteroviruses infections, the most important are Poliovirus, Coxackievirus and Echovirus. Symptoms can vary from mild to severe and early diagnosis is of upmost importance. Nowadays, low-density arrays can detect different types of viruses in a single assay using DNA extracted from biological samples...
January 2017: Revista Española de Patología
Maliha Naseer, Jenil Gandhi, Noor Chams, Zain Kulairi
BACKGROUND: Stercoral colitis is a rare inflammatory process involving the colonic wall secondary to fecal impaction with high morbidity and mortality; especially if complicated with ischemic colitis, stercoral ulcer formation and subsequent perforation. There are several case reports published on abdominal perforation resulting from stercoral colitis. However, stercoral colitis complicated by ischemic colitis is rare. The purpose of this case report is to describe the potential challenges in the diagnosis and management of stercoral colitis with ischemic colitis...
November 28, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
Deepa T Patil, Robert D Odze
Certain types of colitides, such as collagenous colitis, lymphocytic colitis, and ischemic colitis, have distinct histologic features that allow for a specific diagnosis. However, in most colonic biopsy specimens, a definite diagnosis cannot be established on the basis of histology alone. Thus, in most cases of colitis, it is helpful to utilize a systematic approach in order to recognize patterns of injury. This information in conjunction with clinical and laboratory findings may help pathologists narrow the differential diagnosis and/or establish a more definite etiology for the patient's illness in order to guide clinical management...
November 25, 2017: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
Vishal Sharma, Harshal S Mandavdhare, Kaushal K Prasad, Harjeet Singh, Usha Dutta
Tuberculosis is a common clinical problem which can involve virtually any organ and mimic a multitude of clinical conditions. Colonic tuberculosis is a type of intestinal tuberculosis which involves the colon and mimics inflammatory bowel disease. Occasionally, it is also confused with colonic malignancy. We report the case of a young female who presented with abdominal pain, bleeding per rectum. Abdominal X-ray showed evidence of thumb-printing. A possibility of ischemic colitis was entertained. However, further investigation unraveled the presence of tubercular colitis...
October 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
Cristiano Cremone, Anouk Esch, Charlotte Gagniere, Alessandro Fugazza, Faria Mesli, Michael Levy, Aurelien Amiot, Alexis Laurent, Yann LeBaleur, Francois Hemery, Nicolas De'Angelis, Francesco Brunetti, Iradj Sobhani
Background and study aims:  Urgent endoscopy is often used to diagnose and sometimes treat acute upper gastrointestinal syndromes (hemorrhage, toxic ingestion, and occlusion). However, its suitability concerning the management of lower gastrointestinal conditions in emergency circumstances is controversial. Patients and methods:  We studied the role of emergency colonoscopy in diagnosis and treatment of all consecutive patients presenting with acute lower gastrointestinal symptoms referred to our hospital on an emergency basis...
November 2017: Endoscopy International Open
Ahmed Faress, Sameer Masood, Ahmed Mian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Jose Jessurun
This review describes a systematic approach to the interpretation of colonic biopsy specimens of patients with acute colitis. Five main histologic patterns are discussed: acute colitis, focal active colitis, pseudomembranous colitis, hemorrhagic colitis, and ischemic colitis. For each pattern, the most common etiologic associations and their differential diagnoses are presented. Strategies based on histologic analysis and clinical considerations to differentiate acute from chronic colitides are discussed.
December 2017: Surgical Pathology Clinics
María Del Rosario Pastor-Juan, Tomás Ripollés, Luis Martí-Bonmatí, María Jesús Martínez, Luis Simó, Diana Gómez, Rafael Revert
PURPOSE: The main objective was to evaluate the usefulness of early ultrasonography for determining prognosis of patients with ischemic colitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the histories of patients with diagnosis of ischemic colitis over a period of 11 years. Two hundred twenty nine patients with ischemic colitis were included. Demographic, clinical, laboratory and sonographic findings were retrospectively analyzed. Patients were divided into two groups according to the outcome: mild (those who improved with conservative treatment) or severe (those who died or required surgery), and the findings of each group were compared...
November 2017: European Journal of Radiology
Seunghun Lee, Jooweon Chung, Byungkwon Ahn, Seunghyun Lee, Sunguhn Baek
Arteriovenous fistula (AVF) involving the inferior mesenteric artery and vein is very rare with only 33 cases described in the literature and may be of congenital or acquired (iatrogenic or traumatic) or idiopathic etiology. The pathophysiology of AVF that acts as a left-to-right shunt has accounted for clinical signs and symptoms associated with ischemic colitis, portal hypertension, and heart failure. A low incidence and nonspecific clinical signs and symptoms such as abdominal pain, thrill and mass, lower and upper gastrointestinal bleeding make it difficult to establish a diagnosis of inferior mesenteric AVF...
October 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
W K Lo, N R Mahboobani, Ywd Siu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
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