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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895173/human-regulatory-t-cells-mediate-transcriptional-modulation-of-dendritic-cell-function
#1
Emily Mavin, Lindsay Nicholson, Syed Rafez Ahmed, Fei Gao, Anne Dickinson, Xiao-Nong Wang
Regulatory T cells (Treg) attenuate dendritic cell (DC) maturation and stimulatory function. Current knowledge on the functional impact of semimature DC is limited to CD4(+) T cell proliferation and cytokine production. Little is known about the molecular basis underpinning the functional effects of Treg-treated DC (Treg-DC). We present novel evidence that Treg-DC skewed CD4(+) naive T cell polarization toward a regulatory phenotype and impaired CD8(+) T cell allo-reactive responses, including their ability to induce target tissue damage in a unique in vitro human graft-versus-host disease skin explant model...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882218/adenovirus-co-expressing-cd40-ligand-and-interleukin-il-2-contributes-to-maturation-of-dendritic-cells-and-production-of-il-12
#2
Zhi Guo, Hong-Yan Gao, Tian-Yang Zhang, Jin-Xing Lou, Kai Yang, Xiao-Dong Liu, Xue-Peng He, Hui-Ren Chen
The aim of the present study was to construct a chimeric adenovirus (Ad)5/F35 co-expressing human CD4O ligand (CD4OL) and interleukin (IL)-2 (Ad5/F35 CD40L-IL-2). The infection efficiency to human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (Mo-DCs), expression of genes, phenotype changes and IL-12 production of Mo-DC by Ad5/F35 CD40L-IL-2 were investigated. CD40L and IL-2 from total RNA extracted from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were cloned by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and used to construct Ad5/F35 CD40L-IL-2...
November 2016: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837105/the-analysis-of-cd83-expression-on-human-immune-cells-identifies-a-unique-cd83-activated-t-cell-population
#3
Xinsheng Ju, Pablo A Silveira, Wei-Hsun Hsu, Zehra Elgundi, Renz Alingcastre, Nirupama D Verma, Phillip D Fromm, Jennifer L Hsu, Christian Bryant, Ziduo Li, Fiona Kupresanin, Tsun-Ho Lo, Candice Clarke, Kenneth Lee, Helen McGuire, Barbara Fazekas de St Groth, Stephen R Larsen, John Gibson, Kenneth F Bradstock, Georgina J Clark, Derek N J Hart
CD83 is a member of the Ig gene superfamily, first identified in activated lymphocytes. Since then, CD83 has become an important marker for defining activated human dendritic cells (DC). Several potential CD83 mRNA isoforms have been described, including a soluble form detected in human serum, which may have an immunosuppressive function. To further understand the biology of CD83, we examined its expression in different human immune cell types before and after activation using a panel of mouse and human anti-human CD83 mAb...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832135/intestinal-dendritic-cells-are-altered-in-number-maturity-and-chemotactic-ability-in-fulminant-hepatic-failure
#4
Mei Liu, Peng Wang, Min Zhao, D Y Liu
Fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) is defined as rapid acute liver injury, often complicated with spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP). The precise onset of FHF with SBP is still unknown, but it is thought that SBP closely correlates with a weakened intestinal barrier. Dendritic cells (DCs) play a crucial role in forming the intestinal immune barrier, therefore the number, maturity and chemotactic ability of intestinal DCs were studied in FHF. Mouse intestinal and spleen DCs were isolated by magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS) and surface markers of DCs, namely CD11c, CD74, CD83 and CD86, were identified using flow cytometry...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825104/human-15-lipoxygenase-1-is-a-regulator-of-dendritic-cell-spreading-and-podosome-formation
#5
Hongya Han, Xiuming Liang, Monica Ekberg, Joanna S Kritikou, Åsa Brunnström, Benjamin Pelcman, Maria Matl, Xinyan Miao, Margareta Andersson, Xiaotian Yuan, Frida Schain, Selina Parvin, Eva Melin, Jan Sjöberg, Dawei Xu, Lisa S Westerberg, Magnus Björkholm, Hans-Erik Claesson
Dendritic cells (DCs) involved in proinflammatory immune responses derive mainly from peripheral monocytes, and the cells subsequently mature and migrate into the inflammatory micromilieu. Here we report that suppressing of 15-lipoxygenase-1 led to a substantial reduction in DC spreading and podosome formation in vitro. The surface expression of CD83 was significantly lower in both sh-15-lipoxygenase-1 (15-LOX-1)-transduced cells and DCs cultivated in the presence of the inhibitor. The T-cell response against tetanus-pulsed DCs was only affected to a minor extent on inhibition of 15-LOX-1...
October 17, 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823917/alternaria-alternata-acts-on-human-monocyte-derived-dendritic-cells-to-mediate-th2-th17-polarisation
#6
A Loghmani, R Raoofi, A Ownagh, N Delirezh
INTRODUCTION: Although the mechanism of asthma is not precisely understood in humans, clinical and epidemiological studies have offered a potential relationship between exposure to environmental fungi, such as Alternaria alternata (A. alternata) and the development and exacerbation of asthma. The aim of this project is to investigate the mechanisms of Th2 responses by A. alternata as a clinically relevant model for the environmental exposure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Plastic adherent monocytes were cultured with granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and interleukin-4 (IL-4) to convert these cells into Monocyte-derived Dendritic cells (MoDc) and then matured in the presence of Monocyte-Conditioned Medium (MCM) as the control group and MCM+ A...
November 4, 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815198/comparative-immunity-of-salmo-salar-and-oncorhynchus-kisutch-during-infestation-with-the-sea-louse-caligus-rogercresseyi-an-enrichment-transcriptome-analysis
#7
Valentina Valenzuela-Muñoz, Sebastian Boltaña, Cristian Gallardo-Escárate
Caligus rogercresseyi, an ectoparasite affecting the Chilean salmon industry, can cause immunosuppression and physiological stress in farmed fish. Interestingly, coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) are notably resistant to infestation, whereas Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) are phenotypically more susceptible to sea lice. However, comparative studies on immune responses to C. rogercresseyi have not been conducted. In this study, Illumina sequencing was conducted to evaluate head kidney and skin samples taken 7 and 14 days post-infestation, yielding a total of 1492 and 1522 contigs annotated to immune-related genes for Atlantic and coho salmon, respectively...
December 2016: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812247/chronic-myelocytic-leukemia-cml-patient-derived-dendritic-cells-transfected-with-autologous-total-rna-induces-cml-specific-cytotoxicity
#8
Li Yu, Ting Hu, Tian Zou, Qingzhi Shi, Guoan Chen
The oncogenic bcr/abl1 fusion gene is a chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)-specific antigen which is absent in normal tissues. This makes bcr/abl1 a perfect target for developing CML vaccines that elicit specific immune responses against minimal residual disease while sparing normal tissue. The aim of this study was to use different methods to induce dendritic cells (DCs) derived from patients with CML (CML-DCs) and analyze them for CML-specific tumor cytotoxicity for immune therapy. Bone marrow-derived mononuclear cells from ten CML patients were studied to induce CML-DC differentiation in the presence of recombinant human interleukin-4, rh-granulocyte-macrophage-colony stimulating factor, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha with either a total RNA-lipofectamine complex, total RNA or CML tumor lysate (freeze-thawed)...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Hematology & Blood Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730669/highly-pathogenic-avian-influenza-h5n1-virus-induced-cytokine-dysregulation-with-suppressed-maturation-of-chicken-monocyte-derived-dendritic-cells
#9
Semmannan Kalaiyarasu, Manoj Kumar, Dhanapal Senthil Kumar, Sandeep Bhatia, Sandeep Kumar Dash, Sushant Bhat, Rohit K Khetan, Shanmugasundaram Nagarajan
One of the major causes of death in highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (HPAIV) infection in chicken is due to acute induction of pro-inflammatory cytokine (cytokine storm) which leads to severe pathology and acute mortality. Dendritic cells and macrophages of respiratory tract are the major antigen presenting cells (APCs) getting exposed to mucosal pathogens. We hypothesized that chicken dendritic cells might be a major target for H5N1 HPAIV for induction of cytokine dysregulation. Infection of chMoDCs with H5N1 HPAIV produced high titers of progeny virus with more rounding and cytotoxicity than H9N2 LPAIV...
October 12, 2016: Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723792/effect-of-cryopreserved-amniotic-membrane-orientation-on-the-expression-of-limbal-mesenchymal-and-epithelial-stem-cell-markers-in-prolonged-limbal-explant-cultures
#10
Zala Lužnik, Marko Hawlina, Elvira Maličev, Marina Bertolin, Andreja Nataša Kopitar, Alojz Ihan, Stefano Ferrari, Petra Schollmayer
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of prolonged limbal explants cultured without any scaffolds or on amniotic membrane (AM) on the viability, proliferation and differentiation potential of putative phenotypically defined cultured limbal mesenchymal (LMSC) and epithelial stem cells (LESC). METHODS: Limbal explants were cultivated on cryopreserved intact AM or plastic plates using medium supplemented with only human serum. AM was positioned with either the epithelial or stromal side up...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721276/assessment-of-antigen-presenting-cell-infiltration-in-lung-tissues-of-patients-with-bronchiectasis
#11
Waseem M Hajjar, Abdulaziz H Alzeer, Amany A Fathaddin, Hadil A Al-Otair, Ammar C Al-Rikabi, Zahid Shakoor
BACKGROUND: Bronchiectasis is a chronic disease characterized by permanent dilatation of the conducting airways accompanied by sustained inflammation. AIMS: To assess whether chronic inflammation of lungs in bronchiectasis is associated with alterations in the numbers of infiltrating antigen presenting cell (APC). SETTING AND DESIGN: Lobectomy specimens from 12 nonsmoker, nonasthmatic patients with acquired (noncongenital) bronchiectasis and six control patients were included in the study...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27714827/immunomodulatory-effects-of-metal-salts-at-sub-toxic-concentrations
#12
Carmen Steinborn, Christoph Diegel, Manuel Garcia-Käufer, Carsten Gründemann, Roman Huber
Because different metals are used in complementary medicine for the treatment of diseases related to a dysfunction of the immune system, this study aimed at determining the immunomodulatory potential of Pb(NO3 )2 , AuCl3 , Cu(NO3 )2 , HgCl2 , AgNO3 , SnCl2 , AsCl3 and SbCl3 at sub-toxic concentrations and at assessing possible toxic side effects of low-concentrated metal preparations. The influence of the metal salts on primary human mononuclear cells was analyzed by measuring cell viability using the water-soluble tetrazolium salt assay, apoptosis and necrosis induction by annexin V/propidium iodide staining and proliferation by carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester staining and flow cytometry...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704360/e2f-1-promotes-dapk2-induced-anti-tumor-immunity-of-gastric-cancer-cells-by-targeting-mir-34a
#13
Lin-Hai Yan, Zhi-Ning Chen, Li Li, Jia Chen, Xian-Wei Mo, Yu-Zhou Qin, Wen-E Wei, Hai-Quan Qin, Yuan Lin, Jian-Si Chen
Activation of the transcription factor E2F-1 gene is a negative event in dendritic cell (DC) maturation process. Down-regulation of E2F1 causes immaturity of DC thereby stopping antigen production which in turn leads to inhibition of immune responses. E2F-1-free stimulates the NF-kB signaling pathway, leading to activation of monocytes and several other transcription factor genes. In the study, we report that down-regulation of E2F-1 in DCs promote anti-tumor immune response in gastric cancer (GC) cells through a novel mechanism...
October 4, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702941/genome-wide-association-study-of-caffeine-metabolites-provides-new-insights-to-caffeine-metabolism-and-dietary-caffeine-consumption-behavior
#14
Marilyn C Cornelis, Tim Kacprowski, Cristina Menni, Stefan Gustafsson, Edward Pivin, Jerzy Adamski, Anna Artati, Chin B Eap, Georg Ehret, Nele Friedrich, Andrea Ganna, Idris Guessous, Georg Homuth, Lars Lind, Patrik K Magnusson, Massimo Mangino, Nancy L Pedersen, Maik Pietzner, Karsten Suhre, Henry Völzke, Murielle Bochud, Tim D Spector, Hans J Grabe, Erik Ingelsson
Caffeine is the most widely consumed psychoactive substance in the world and presents with wide interindividual variation in metabolism. This variation may modify potential adverse or beneficial effects of caffeine on health. We conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of plasma caffeine, paraxanthine, theophylline, theobromine and paraxanthine/caffeine ratio among up to 9,876 individuals of European ancestry from six population-based studies. A single SNP at 6p23 (near CD83) and several SNPs at 7p21 (near AHR), 15q24 (near CYP1A2) and 19q13...
October 3, 2016: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695100/borrelia-burgdorferi-induces-tlr2-mediated-migration-of-activated-dendritic-cells-in-an-ex-vivo-human-skin-model
#15
Lauren M K Mason, Alex Wagemakers, Cornelis van 't Veer, Anneke Oei, Wouter J van der Pot, Kalam Ahmed, Tom van der Poll, Teunis B H Geijtenbeek, Joppe W R Hovius
Borrelia burgdorferi is transmitted into the skin of the host where it encounters and interacts with two dendritic cell (DC) subsets; Langerhans cells (LCs) and dermal DCs (DDCs). These cells recognize pathogens via pattern recognition receptors, mature and migrate out of the skin into draining lymph nodes, where they orchestrate adaptive immune responses. In order to investigate the response of skin DCs during the early immunopathogenesis of Lyme borreliosis, we injected B. burgdorferi intradermally into full-thickness human skin and studied the migration of DCs out of the skin, the activation profile and phenotype of migrated cells...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692140/bronchoalveolar-lavage-for-the-diagnosis-of-pulmonary-langerhans-cell-histiocytosis
#16
Marek Lommatzsch, Kai Bratke, Paul Stoll, Norbert Mülleneisen, Friedrich Prall, Andrea Bier, J Christian Virchow
BACKGROUND: The histologic diagnosis of Pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis (PLCH) is invasive and can cause complications. To confirm the diagnosis of PLCH, guidelines therefore recommend measuring CD1a-positive bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) cells despite its poor sensitivity and specificity. Thus, an improved diagnostic accuracy of BALF cell analysis would be desirable. METHODS: Using four-colour flow cytometry, plasmacytoid and myeloid dendritic cells (DCs) were analysed in BALF of 10 newly diagnosed, untreated, smoking patients with PLCH, and compared with BALF DCs from 40 asymptomatic smokers and 21 never-smokers...
October 2016: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683749/il-10-modulated-human-dendritic-cells-for-clinical-use-identification-of-a-stable-and-migratory-subset-with-improved-tolerogenic-activity
#17
Fanny Kryczanowsky, Verena Raker, Edith Graulich, Matthias P Domogalla, Kerstin Steinbrink
Dendritic cells (DCs) are key regulators of protective immune responses and tolerance to (self-)Ags. Therefore, the scientific rationale for the use of tolerogenic DC therapy in the fields of allergies, autoimmunity, and transplantation medicine is strong. In this study, we analyzed the tolerogenic capacity of IL-10-modulated DC (IL-10DC) subpopulations to identify a DC subset that combines potent immunosuppressive activities with valuable immune properties for clinical implementation. IL-10DCs consist of two phenotypically distinct subpopulations: CD83(high)CCR7(+) IL-10DCs and CD83(low)CCR7(-) IL-10DCs...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669687/an-effective-cytokine-adjuvant-vaccine-induces-autologous-t-cell-response-against-colon-cancer-in-an-animal-model
#18
Huanyu Ju, Wenjing Xing, Jinfeng Yang, Yang Zheng, Xiuzhi Jia, Benning Zhang, Huan Ren
BACKGROUND: Despite recent advances in early detection and improvements in chemotherapy for colon cancer, the patients still face poor prognosis of postoperative recurrence and metastasis, the median survival for patients with metastatic colorectal cancer is approximately 22-24 months. Some immunotherapeutic approaches had been attempted in colon cancer patients to significantly increase overall survival. A vaccine based approach has shown a novel direction for colon cancer prevention and therapy...
September 26, 2016: BMC Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662838/microbial-hsp70-peptide-epitope-407-426-as-adjuvant-in-tumor-derived-autophagosome-vaccine-therapy-of-mouse-lung-cancer
#19
Jian Li, Yun Xing, Zhenxian Zhou, Wenjun Yao, Rongyue Cao, Taiming Li, Maolei Xu, Jie Wu
Tumor-derived autophagome (DRibble) is an effective therapeutic cancer vaccine inducing T cell recognition and death of tumor cells in mice. However, the potential for improved anti-tumor response still remains. Our previous study demonstrated that two repeats of a mycobacterial HSP70407-426 (M2) peptide acted as adjuvant in improving anti-tumor efficacy of human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) vaccine. Here, a DRibble vaccine conjugated with M2 (DRibble-M2) was designed as a novel vaccine to enhance anti-tumor activity...
September 23, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650878/oxidized-low-density-lipoprotein-oxldl-treated-dendritic-cells-promote-activation-of-t-cells-in-human-atherosclerotic-plaque-and-blood-which-is-repressed-by-statins-microrna-let-7c-is-integral-to-the-effect
#20
Johan Frostegård, Yong Zhang, Jitong Sun, Keqiang Yan, Anquan Liu
BACKGROUND: Activated T cells and dendritic cells (DCs) are colocalized in atherosclerotic plaques in association with plaque rupture. Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL) promotes immune activation and inflammation. We studied the effects of statins (atorvastatin and simvastatin) on human DC maturation and T-cell activation. METHODS AND RESULTS: Human peripheral blood monocytes were differentiated to DCs and stimulated with oxLDL. T cells were isolated from carotid endarterectomy specimens from patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy or from healthy individuals...
September 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
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