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Treatment postpartum depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324369/early-life-social-stress-and-resting-state-functional-connectivity-in-postpartum-rat-anterior-cingulate-circuits
#1
Benjamin C Nephew, Marcelo Febo, Wei Huang, Luis M Colon-Perez, Laurellee Payne, Guillaume L Poirier, Owen Greene, Jean A King
INTRODUCTION: Continued development and refinement of resting state functional connectivity (RSFC) fMRI techniques in both animal and clinical studies has enhanced our comprehension of the adverse effects of stress on psychiatric health. The objective of the current study was to assess both maternal behavior and resting state functional connectivity (RSFC) changes in these animals when they were dams caring for their own young. It was hypothesized that ECSS exposed dams would express depressed maternal care and exhibit similar (same networks), yet different specific changes in RSFC (different individual nuclei) than reported when they were adult females...
January 2, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294877/traumatic-experience-polytraumatization-and-perinatal-depression-in-a-diverse-sample-of-adolescent-mothers
#2
Candace Killian-Farrell, Cynthia F Rizo, Brianna M Lombardi, Samantha Meltzer-Brody, Sarah E Bledsoe
This study examines the prevalence of trauma subtypes, polytraumatization, and perinatal depression (PND) in a diverse sample of adolescent mothers to help inform PND prevention, screening, and treatment efforts. We conducted a secondary analysis of a sample ( N = 210) of adolescent mothers aged 14 to 20 years from a prospective longitudinal study of PND. Participants were recruited from a county-based, public health prenatal clinic, and data were collected in the prenatal and postpartum periods. In this sample, 81% of adolescent mothers reported at least one trauma experience and 75% reported lifetime experience of intimate partner violence (IPV)...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281589/factors-associated-with-attitudes-toward-seeking-mental-health-treatment-postpartum
#3
Rena Bina, Saralee Glasser
Attitudes toward seeking mental health treatment are a major predictor of seeking such treatment. Rates of seeking mental health treatment for postpartum depression are low despite contacts with health care providers and available treatment. This study examined factors associated with four dimensions of attitude toward seeking mental health treatment among Israeli women in the postpartum period. Women (N = 1,059) were recruited (June, 2008- February, 2009) from a medical center's maternity department within the first two days following delivery and completed a socio-demographic survey and the Attitudes Toward Seeking Professional Psychological Help Scale...
December 27, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260321/efficacy-of-an-internet-based-depression-intervention-to-improve-rates-of-treatment-in-adolescent-mothers
#4
M Cynthia Logsdon, John Myers, Jeff Rushton, Jennifer L Gregg, Allan M Josephson, Deborah Winders Davis, Kyle Brothers, Kristin Baisch, Anissa Carabello, Krista Vogt, Kayla Jones, Jennifer Angermeier
Approximately 400,000 adolescents give birth in the USA annually. Although one-half experience depressive symptoms, less than 25% comply with referrals for depression evaluation and treatment. The current study tested the effectiveness of an Internet-based depression intervention on seeking depression treatment. Based upon the theory of planned behavior (TPB), the intervention included vignettes, questions and answers, and resources. Before the intervention, immediately after the intervention, and 2 weeks later the adolescent mothers (n = 151) answered questions related to TPB variables and depression treatment...
December 20, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227955/developing-and-validating-a-perinatal-depression-screening-tool-in-kenya-blending-western-criteria-with-local-idioms-a-mixed-methods-study
#5
Eric P Green, Hawa Tuli, Edith Kwobah, D Menya, Irene Chesire, Christina Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Routine screening for perinatal depression is not common in most primary health care settings. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force only recently updated their recommendation on depression screening to specifically recommend screening during the pre- and postpartum periods. While practitioners in high-income countries can respond to this new recommendation by implementing one of several existing depression screening tools developed in Western contexts, such as the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) or the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), these tools lack strong evidence of cross-cultural equivalence, validity for case finding, and precision in measuring response to treatment in developing countries...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210501/women-s-experiences-of-seeking-and-receiving-psychological-and-psychosocial-interventions-for-postpartum-depression-a-systematic-review-and-thematic-synthesis-of-the-qualitative-literature
#6
REVIEW
Holly Hadfield, Anja Wittkowski
INTRODUCTION: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a serious maternal disorder that can have adverse effects on maternal and infant health. The importance of offering effective and acceptable treatments is well recognized, particularly given the numerous barriers women in many settings face in accessing interventions for PPD. The aim of this systematic review was to synthesize qualitative research exploring women's experiences of professional psychological and psychosocial support for PPD. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted in April 2017 by searching 5 electronic databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed, Ovid, and Web of Science)...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207561/cross-national-differences-in-psychosocial-factors-of-perinatal-depression-a-systematic-review-of-india-and-japan
#7
REVIEW
Mizuki Takegata, Yukiko Ohashi, Anisha Lazarus, Toshinori Kitamura
Perinatal depression is prevalent worldwide. However, there are few available studies that discuss the different cultural factors affecting perinatal depression within Asian countries. This study aims to compare the literature regarding related factors relating to perinatal depression in India and Japan, and to synthesize the evidence common to both countries in addition to the country-specific evidence. We conducted a systematic review using several databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, Pubmed, Ovid, SCOPUS, IndMED, and ICHUSI)...
December 4, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201545/different-patterns-of-attentional-bias-in-antenatal-and-postpartum-depression
#8
Åsa Edvinsson, Alkistis Skalkidou, Charlotte Hellgren, Malin Gingnell, Lisa Ekselius, Mimmie Willebrand, Inger Sundström Poromaa
Background: Biased information processing in attention, memory, and interpretation is proposed to be central cognitive alterations in patients with major depressive disorder, but studies in women with peripartum depression are scarce. Because of the many similarities with depression in nonperipartum states as regards symptom profile and risk factors, we hypothesized that women with antenatal and postpartum depression would display attentional bias to negatively and positively valenced words...
November 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199875/using-position-emission-tomography-to-investigate-hormone-mediated-neurochemical-changes-across-the-female-lifespan-implications-for-depression
#9
Rachel G Zsido, Arno Villringer, Julia Sacher
Ovarian hormones, particularly oestrogen and progesterone, undergo major fluctuations across the female lifespan. These hormone transition periods, such as the transition from pregnancy to postpartum, as well as the transition into menopause (perimenopause), are also known to be times of elevated susceptibility to depression. This study reviews how these transition periods likely influence neurochemical changes in the brain that result in disease vulnerability. While there are known associations between oestrogen/progesterone and different monoaminergic systems, the interactions and their potential implications for mood disorders are relatively unknown...
December 4, 2017: International Review of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192458/-exploring-the-clinical-characters-of-shugan-jieyu-capsule-through-text-mining
#10
Zheng-Ping Pu, Jiang-Ming Xia, Wei Xie, Jin-Cai He
The study was main to explore the clinical characters of Shugan Jieyu capsule through text mining. The data sets of Shugan Jieyu capsule were downloaded from CMCC database by the method of literature retrieved from May 2009 to Jan 2016. Rules of Chinese medical patterns, diseases, symptoms and combination treatment were mined out by data slicing algorithm, and they were demonstrated in frequency tables and two dimension based network. Then totally 190 literature were recruited. The outcomess suggested that SC was most frequently correlated with liver Qi stagnation...
September 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185803/better-tolerance-of-citalopram-in-a-breastfed-infant-who-could-not-tolerate-sertraline-and-paroxetine
#11
Faruk Uguz
Postpartum depression is frequently observed in women. First-line antidepressants in treatment of postpartum depression are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Although SSRIs are well tolerated by most breastfed infants, some adverse events may arise in exposed infants. This report presents the case of an infant of a breastfeeding woman using citalopram without any problem after sertraline and paroxetine were discontinued due to adverse events in the infant.
November 29, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162087/investigation-of-the-association-between-quality-of-life-and-depressive-symptoms-during-postpartum-period-a-correlational-study
#12
Maria Papamarkou, Pavlos Sarafis, Charis P Kaite, Maria Malliarou, Andreas Tsounis, Dimitris Niakas
BACKGROUND: The onset of a major depressive episode is experienced by a large number of women in the weeks or months following delivery. Postpartum depression may deem those women experiencing it incapable of taking care for themselves, their family and their infants, while at the same time it could negatively affect their quality of life. The present study assessed the quality of life of a sample of mothers in Greece, in order to investigate the association between postpartum depression and quality of life (QoL)...
November 21, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157808/a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-of-saffron-stigma-crocus-sativus-l-in-mothers-suffering-from-mild-to-moderate-postpartum-depression
#13
Jamshid Tabeshpour, Farzaneh Sobhani, Seyed Alireza Sadjadi, Hossein Hosseinzadeh, Seyed Ahmad Mohajeri, Omid Rajabi, Zhila Taherzadeh, Saeid Eslami
INTRODUCTION: Numerous adverse effects of antidepressants as well as the attitudes of breastfeeding mothers, who prefer to consume herbal medicine rather than chemical drugs, encouraged us to assess the effects of saffron (Crocus sativus L.) on mothers suffering from mild-to-moderate postpartum depressive disorder. METHODS: A double-blind, randomized, and placebo-controlled trial was conducted on 60 new mothers who had a maximum score of 29 on the Beck Depression Inventory-Second Edition (BDI-II)...
December 1, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146408/paroxetine-blunts-the-corticosterone-response-to-swim-induced-stress-and-increases-depressive-like-behavior-in-a-rat-model-of-postpartum-depression
#14
Agnete Overgaard, Stephanie E Lieblich, Robin Richardson, Liisa A M Galea, Vibe G Frokjaer
Perinatal depression (PND) affects 15% of women. During the perinatal period both stress- and gonadal hormones fluctuate widely. Putatively, these fluctuations are involved in PND disease mechanisms. The serotonin system is sensitive to such hormone fluctuations, and serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are used to treat PND, although treatment is suboptimal and it is not known at which peripartum time-point SSRI treatment may be most efficacious. In this study, we investigate the effect of the SSRI paroxetine (5mg/kgs...
October 31, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140822/optimizing-pregnancy-treatment-interventions-for-moms-opti-mom-a-pilot-study
#15
Gerald T Cochran, Valerie Hruschak, Walitta Abdullah, Elizabeth Krans, Antoine B Douaihy, Stephanie Bobby, Rachel Fusco, Ralph Tarter
OBJECTIVES: The public health burden of opioid use disorder (OUD) among pregnant women has significantly increased in recent years. The Optimizing Pregnancy Treatment Interventions for Moms study was a pilot project that examined the feasibility of a patient navigation (PN) intervention model to reduce substance use and improve mental health, quality of life, and to increase engagement with treatment services among pregnant women with OUD. METHODS: A 1-group repeated-measures pilot study was conducted with treatment-seeking pregnant women with opioid dependence initiating buprenorphine maintenance treatment...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133493/an-autoethnographic-examination-of-postpartum-depression
#16
Tara Lynn Frankhouser, Nicole L Defenbaugh
PURPOSE: This article examines postpartum depression (PPD) using autoethnography to explore the stigmatization of depression and cultural expectations of motherhood. Because the personal experiences of living with PPD are often absent from primary care literature, this article uses first-person narrative and analysis of intensive mothering to explore the barriers to seeking PPD treatment, the need for increasing physician confidence and comfort using screening tools, and the impact PPD stigma has on patients and their health care...
November 2017: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105008/impact-of-postpartum-mental-illness-upon-infant-development
#17
REVIEW
Casey Hoffman, Dena M Dunn, Wanjiku F M Njoroge
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review evaluates the state of the research regarding the effects of postpartum mental illness on the developing infant. It defines the scope of these disorders in the literature, and includes the impact of disorders referred to as perinatal mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs) on infants. RECENT FINDINGS: New research reveals that PMADs apply to not only mothers, but that fathers can also experience perinatal depression and anxiety. When untreated in a primary caregiver, PMADs adversely affect parental cognitions and beliefs, attachment to the infant, and the growing caregiver-infant relationship...
November 6, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103314/using-the-epds-to-identify-anxiety-in-mothers-of-infants-on-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#18
Sara M Stasik-O'Brien, Jennifer E McCabe-Beane, Lisa S Segre
Despite the prevalence of postpartum depression and anxiety, current screening recommendations are limited to depression symptoms. Screening using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale-Anxiety subscale (EPDS-A) may enhance ability to detect distress in postpartum women. We aimed to replicate the EPDS-A in 200 mothers with infants hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and examine its incremental utility in identifying emotional distress. Presence of the EPDS-A was identified using exploratory factor analysis...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103210/insulin-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#19
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Luke Grzeskowiak, Kathryn Williamson, Michelle R Downie, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with short- and long-term complications for the mother and her infant. Women who are unable to maintain their blood glucose concentration within pre-specified treatment targets with diet and lifestyle interventions will require anti-diabetic pharmacological therapies. This review explores the safety and effectiveness of insulin compared with oral anti-diabetic pharmacological therapies, non-pharmacological interventions and insulin regimens...
November 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067549/relationship-of-bipolar-disorder-with-psychiatric-comorbidity-in-the-postpartum-period-a-scoping-review
#20
REVIEW
Verinder Sharma
Childbirth can trigger a variety of psychiatric disorders; however, no disorder is as profoundly affected by childbirth as bipolar disorder. Rates of psychiatric comorbidity especially anxiety disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder, and substance use disorders are quite high in individuals with bipolar disorder. The purpose of this scoping review is to ascertain the effect of childbirth on the relationship between the onset of bipolar disorder and comorbid psychiatric disorders. On June 27, 2017, a search of the Medline, PsycINFO, CINHAL, EMBASE, SCOPUS, COCHRANE, and ISI-Web of Science (WOS) databases was performed using the terms mental disorders, mental disease, major depressive disorder, major depression, depression, panic disorder, bipolar disorder, comorbidity, anxiety disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, schizophrenia, eating disorders, reactive attachment disorder, childbirth, parturition, puerperium, postpartum, postpartum period and postnatal period...
October 24, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
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