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Treatment postpartum depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319693/what-do-dads-want-treatment-preferences-for-paternal-postpartum-depression
#1
Emily E Cameron, Dana Hunter, Ivan D Sedov, Lianne M Tomfohr-Madsen
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) is prevalent, occurring in 8 to 13% of new fathers. Identifying effective and acceptable treatments for paternal PPD is important to prevent negative family outcomes. Participation in a patient preferred treatment for depression increases treatment adherence and effectiveness. Thus, developing and delivering interventions that are preferred by the target population is an important aspect of successful treatment. The current study investigated treatment preferences for paternal PPD...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301335/interdisciplinary-collaboration-in-maternal-mental-health
#2
Nancy Selix, Erin Henshaw, Alinne Barrera, Luba Botcheva, Erin Huie, Gabrielle Kaufman
One out of every five to seven births is affected by postpartum depression, making it the most common maternal health problem in the first year after childbirth. Early identification and treatment are essential, though screening and treatment rates are low. Factors that inhibit effective screening and treatment include lack of uniform screening policies in all maternal health settings, poor coordination of care between primary care and mental health services, coordination of community education efforts and resources, social stigma surrounding mental health treatment, and ineffective application of research and technology in the clinical setting...
March 15, 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300619/brain-neurotransmitters-in-an-animal-model-with-postpartum-depressive-like-behavior
#3
Y Avraham, Y Hants, L Vorobeiv, M Premishlano, Wiessam Abu Ahmad, D Mankuta, E Galun, S Arbel-Alon
Post-Partum Depression (PPD) occurs in 15% of pregnancies and its patho-physiology is not known. We studied female BALB/c ("depressive") and C57BL/6 (control) mice as a model for PPD and assessed their behavior and correlates with brain neurotransmitters (NTs) - norepinephrine, dopamine, serotonin and intermediates, during the pre-pregnancy (PREP), pregnancy (PREG) and post-Partum (PP) periods. Depressive-like behavior was evaluated by the Open Field (OFT), Tail Suspension (TST) and Forced Swim (FST) tests...
March 11, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287802/depressive-symptoms-and-gestational-length-among-pregnant-adolescents-cluster-randomized-control-trial-of-centeringpregnancy%C3%A2-plus-group-prenatal-care
#4
Jennifer N Felder, Elissa Epel, Jessica B Lewis, Shayna D Cunningham, Jonathan N Tobin, Sharon Schindler Rising, Melanie Thomas, Jeannette R Ickovics
OBJECTIVES: Depressive symptoms are associated with preterm birth among adults. Pregnant adolescents have high rates of depressive symptoms and low rates of treatment; however, few interventions have targeted this vulnerable group. Objectives are to: (a) examine impact of CenteringPregnancy® Plus group prenatal care on perinatal depressive symptoms compared to individual prenatal care; and (b) determine effects of depressive symptoms on gestational age and preterm birth among pregnant adolescents...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278021/exercise-as-an-adjunct-treatment-for-postpartum-depression-for-women-living-in-an-inner-city-a-pilot-study
#5
Jacky Forsyth, Elizabeth Boath, Carol Henshaw, Hannah Brown
To examine the effectiveness of exercise in the management of postpartum depression, women living in an inner-city, who were diagnosed using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (Perinatal Version) (SCID-PN), were randomly assigned to an exercise group (N = 12) or control group (N = 12). A focus group was carried out to explore women's views of the trial. There were no significant differences between the two groups for SCID-PN. Although women who had engaged in the exercise viewed it positively (based on focus group data), low adherence to exercise meant that significant improvements in postpartum depression were not found...
February 14, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277156/maternal-self-efficacy-postpartum-depression-and-their-relationship-with-functional-status-in-iranian-mothers
#6
Fahimeh Fathi, Sakineh Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi, Mojgan Mirghafourvand
Readiness to care for family, infant, and self are important during the postpartum period. The objective of this study was to determine the relationships of self-efficacy and postpartum depressive symptoms with functional status in randomly sampled Iranian mothers (n = 437). The study was cross-sectional and conducted in 2015. The mean (SD) of the total functional status score was 2.3 (0.2) out of a possible score of 1-4. The maximum and minimum scores in infant care were 4.0 and 2.2 and, in social and community activity, levels were 3...
February 7, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221055/psychometric-properties-of-the-generalized-anxiety-disorder-questionnaire-iv-gad-q-iv-in-postpartum-mothers
#7
Mark E Pierson, Jason M Prenoveau, Michelle G Craske, Elena Netsi, Alan Stein
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a mental disorder of which the main feature is persistent and impairing worry. GAD symptoms are common for women during the postpartum period and GAD prevalence rates have been reported as higher in postpartum mothers than in the general population. Currently, little psychometric evidence exists for a screening measure to detect the possible presence of diagnosable GAD for postpartum women. The purpose of this investigation was to gather psychometric information for the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire-IV (GAD-Q-IV; Newman et al...
February 20, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220215/postpartum-depression-risk-factors-among-recent-refugee-asylum-seeking-non-refugee-immigrant-and-canadian-born-women-results-from-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Cindy-Lee Dennis, Lisa Merry, Anita J Gagnon
PURPOSE: The objective was to examine and compare risk factors for postpartum depression among: (1) recent (≤5 years) migrant and Canadian-born women, and (2) refugee, asylum-seeking, and non-refugee immigrant women. METHODS: A sample of 1536 women (1024 migrant and 512 Canadian-born) were recruited from 12 hospitals. Women completed questionnaires at 1-2 and 16 weeks postpartum including questions on socio-demographics, biomedical history, health services, and migration and resettlement factors...
February 20, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207685/trends-in-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-27-states-2004-2008-and-2012
#9
Jean Y Ko, Karilynn M Rockhill, Van T Tong, Brian Morrow, Sherry L Farr
Postpartum depression is common and associated with adverse infant and maternal outcomes (e.g., lower breastfeeding initiation and duration and poor maternal and infant bonding) (1-3). A developmental Healthy People 2020 objective is to decrease the proportion of women delivering a live birth who experience postpartum depressive symptoms (PDS).* To provide a baseline for this objective, CDC sought to describe self-reported PDS overall, by reporting state, and by selected sociodemographic factors, using 2004, 2008, and 2012 data from the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS)...
February 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198084/single-dose-intravenous-iron-infusion-or-oral-iron-for-treatment-of-fatigue-after-postpartum-haemorrhage-a%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
C Holm, L L Thomsen, A Norgaard, J Langhoff-Roos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of a single-dose intravenous infusion of iron isomaltoside compared with current treatment practice with oral iron measured by physical fatigue in women after postpartum haemorrhage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Single-centre, open-label, randomized controlled trial. Participants received intravenous iron (n = 97) or oral iron (n = 99), and completed the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, and haematological and iron parameters were measured...
February 15, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196546/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-depression-and-depression-related-healthcare-access-in-mothers-of-9-month-old-infants-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#11
S M Cruise, R Layte, M Stevenson, D O'Reilly
AIMS: Untreated maternal depression during the postpartum period can have a profound impact on the short- and long-term psychological and physical well-being of children. There is, therefore, an imperative for increased understanding of the determinants of depression and depression-related healthcare access during this period. METHODS: Respondents were 11 089 mothers of 9-month-old infants recruited to the Growing Up in Ireland study. Of this sample, 10 827 had complete data on all relevant variables...
February 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181214/aspirin-single-dose-for-perineal-pain-in-the-early-postpartum-period
#12
REVIEW
Sujana Molakatalla, Emily Shepherd, Rosalie M Grivell
BACKGROUND: Perineal trauma (due to spontaneous tears, surgical incision (episiotomy) or in association with operative vaginal birth) is common after vaginal birth, and is often associated with postpartum perineal pain. Birth over an intact perineum may also lead to perineal pain. There are adverse health consequences associated with perineal pain for the women and their babies in the short- and long-term, and the pain may interfere with newborn care and the establishment of breastfeeding...
February 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170295/after-chemotherapy-treatment-for-maternal-cancer-during-pregnancy-is-breastfeeding-possible
#13
Stephen Stopenski, Anum Aslam, Xinmin Zhang, Elyce Cardonick
OBJECTIVE: To report breastfeeding complaints of women diagnosed with cancer during pregnancy and correlate success with characteristics of their treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study of women diagnosed with cancer during pregnancy who attempted breastfeeding. We surveyed participants about breast engorgement, milk let down, and consistent breast milk production through mailed questionnaires. Treatment details, including the type and number of chemotherapy cycles given during pregnancy and antepartum or postpartum depression, were collected...
March 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157249/effect-of-antidepressants-use-in-pregnancy-on-foetus-development-and-adverse-effects-in-newborns
#14
Ewa Bałkowiec-Iskra, Dagmara Maria Mirowska-Guzel, Mirosław Wielgoś
Over the last few years, several reports on the safety of antidepressants use in pregnancy have been published. Studies concerning the adverse effects of exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) during pregnancy on the developing foetus have indicated an increased risk of various congenital malformations and untoward effects such as poor neonatal adaptation syndrome or persistent pulmonary hypertension, but there still remain inconsistencies between various study results. This paper aims at reviewing the literature on the risks of exposure to antidepressants during pregnancy...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150173/implementation-of-routine-postpartum-depression-screening-and-care-initiation-across-a-multispecialty-health-care-organization-an-18-month-retrospective-analysis
#15
April Lind, Sara Richter, Cheryl Craft, Alice C Shapiro
Objectives Postpartum depression (PPD) affects approximately 10-20% of all mothers after giving birth. Adequate screening and follow-up care for the postpartum mother with depression is an essential component of quality care in this population. The purpose of this quality improvement project was to evaluate the quality and quantity of a postnatal PPD screening program and the subsequent initiation of needed PPD treatment in an integrated health system. Methods After implementing a standardized PPD screening process, we conducted an 18-month retrospective study of patient visits that required a PPD screen...
February 1, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114093/-cotard-s-syndrome-case-report-and-a-brief-review-of-literature
#16
N P Moschopoulos, S Kaprinis, J Nimatoudis
The term "Cotard's syndrome" is used to describe a number of clinical features, mostly hypochondriac and nihilistic delusions, the most characteristic of which are the ideas "I am dead" and "my internal organs do not exist". Besides, anxious and depressed mood, delusions of damnation, possession and immortality, suicidal and self-mutilating behavior are included. The first description of the syndrome was made in 1880 by Cotard, who presented the case of a female patient in a lecture. He originally named it "hypochondriac delusion", and some years later "delusion of negations", while it was named "Cotard delusion" after his death...
October 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112056/obstetrical-pregnancy-and-socio-economic-predictors-for-new-onset-severe-postpartum-psychiatric-disorders-in-primiparous-women
#17
S Meltzer-Brody, M L Maegbaek, S E Medland, W C Miller, P Sullivan, T Munk-Olsen
BACKGROUND: Childbirth is a potent trigger for the onset of psychiatric illness in women including postpartum depression (PPD) and postpartum psychosis (PP). Medical complications occurring during pregnancy and/or childbirth have been linked to postpartum psychiatric illness and sociodemographic factors. We evaluated if pregnancy and obstetrical predictors have similar effects on different types of postpartum psychiatric disorders. METHOD: A population-based cohort study using Danish registers was conducted in 392 458 primiparous women with a singleton delivery between 1995 and 2012 and no previous psychiatric history...
January 23, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102504/stigma-and-postpartum-depression-treatment-acceptability-among-black-and-white-women-in-the-first-six-months-postpartum
#18
Susan Bodnar-Deren, E K T Benn, Amy Balbierz, E A Howell
Objective To measure stigma associated with four types of postpartum depression therapies and to estimate the association between stigma and the acceptance of these therapies for black and white postpartum mothers. Methods Using data from two postpartum depression randomized trials, this study included 481 black and white women who gave birth in a large urban hospital and answered a series of questions at 6-months postpartum. Survey items included socio demographic and clinical factors, attitudes about postpartum depression therapies and stigma...
January 19, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086766/psychoeducational-preventive-treatment-for-women-at-risk-of-postpartum-depression-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-progea
#19
Amaia Ugarte Ugarte, Purificación López-Peña, Carmen Serrulla Vangeneberg, Julia Gemma Torregaray Royo, Maria Asunción Arrieta Ugarte, Maria Teresa Zabalza Compains, Maria Pilar Riaño Medrano, Nerea Muñoz Toyos, Edurne Arenaza Lamo, Maria Begoña Beneitez Dueñas, Ana González-Pinto
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression is a disease with a prevalence of 20% that has deleterious consequences not only for the mother but also for the baby and can cause delays in physical, social and cognitive development. In this context, the European Union Committee on Public Health has declared it essential that preventative measures are taken by centres providing care for women with a multidisciplinary approach. PROGEA is a multicentre, single-blind randomized, 3-year, longitudinal clinical trial aiming to evaluate the efficacy of a psychoeducational programme in preventing postpartum depression in at-risk women, based on a range of clinical variables, and explore prognostic factors...
January 13, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076671/a-randomized-trial-of-collaborative-care-for-perinatal-depression-in-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-women-the-impact-of-comorbid-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#20
Nancy K Grote, Wayne J Katon, Joan E Russo, Mary Jane Lohr, Mary Curran, Erin Galvin, Kathy Carson
OBJECTIVE: The comorbidity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with antenatal depression poses increased risks for postpartum depression and may delay or diminish response to evidence-based depression care. In a secondary analysis of an 18-month study of collaborative care for perinatal depression, the authors hypothesized that pregnant, depressed, socioeconomically disadvantaged women with comorbid PTSD would show more improvement in the MOMCare intervention providing Brief Interpersonal Psychotherapy and/or antidepressants, compared to intensive public health Maternity Support Services (MSS-Plus)...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
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