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Pregnancy depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815791/risk-of-preeclampsia-after-gestational-exposure-to-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-and-other-antidepressants-a-study-from-the-norwegian-mother-and-child-cohort-study
#1
Angela Lupattelli, Mollie Wood, Kate Lapane, Olav Spigset, Hedvig Nordeng
PURPOSE: To describe the risk of early- and late-onset preeclampsia across pregnancies exposed to antidepressants and to evaluate the impact of timing and length of gestational exposure to antidepressants, particularly selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), on preeclampsia. METHODS: The Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort, a prospective population-based study, and the Medical Birth Registry of Norway provided information on antidepressant exposure, depression, and anxiety symptoms in pregnancy, preeclampsia diagnoses, and important covariates...
August 16, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811173/prenatal-exposure-to-pyrethroid-pesticides-and-childhood-behavior-and-executive-functioning
#2
Melissa A Furlong, Dana Boyd Barr, Mary S Wolff, Stephanie M Engel
Several previous studies of pyrethroid biomarkers and behavior have reported associations between concurrent pyrethroid levels and adverse behavioral problems in children. One geospatial study reported associations between prenatal exposure to pyrethroids and autism. However, the association between prenatal pyrethroid biomarkers and childhood behavior is unknown. The Mount Sinai Children's Environmental Health Center is a prospective birth cohort with urinary pyrethroid biomarkers during pregnancy and behavioral measurements at 4, 6, and 7-9 years of age...
August 12, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805152/comparing-the-prevalence-and-the-risk-profile-for-antenatal-depressive-symptoms-across-cultures
#3
Irene E Corbani, Paola Rucci, Elena Iapichino, Marta Quartieri Bollani, Gilla Cauli, Mara R Ceruti, Costanzo Gala, Mariano Bassi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although several studies have analyzed the risk factors of antenatal and post-partum depression, evidence on the prevalence and the risk profile for antenatal depressive symptoms (ADS) between native-born and different groups of non-native born women living in the same country is scant. The aim of this article is to compare the prevalence and the risk profile for ADS across geographical areas in women recruited from two large hospitals of North-western Italy. METHOD: The presence of ADS was defined as an Edinburgh Post-natal Depression Scale (EPDS) score ≥12 or a Beck Depression Inventory, Short Form (BDI-SF) score ≥9 or the presence of suicidal ideation/behavior...
August 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800800/behavioral-emergencies-special-considerations-in-the-pregnant-patient
#4
REVIEW
Awais Aftab, Asim A Shah
This article describes psychiatric emergencies in pregnant women. The perinatal period is a time of psychiatric vulnerability. Up to 1 in 6 pregnant women experience major depressive disorder, and 1 in 4 pregnant women with bipolar disorder experience mood exacerbation. We discuss the management of severe mental illness in pregnancy, risk to mother and child of untreated psychiatric illness in pregnancy, risk of relapse of psychiatric disorders in pregnancy with medication discontinuation, psychopharmacologic considerations of teratogenicity and other fetal adverse effects, acute agitation in the pregnant patient, suicidality in pregnancy, and emergency considerations related to substance use disorders...
September 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798699/schizophrenia-or-atypical-lupus-erythematosus-with-predominant-psychiatric-manifestations-over-25%C3%A2-years-case-analysis-and-review
#5
Axel Mack, Christiane Pfeiffer, E Marion Schneider, Karl Bechter
We observed a case over 25 years of relapsing-remitting schizophrenic spectrum disorder, varying regarding the main symptomatology between more depressive or more schizoaffective or rather typical schizophrenic syndrome. Diseased phases were repeatedly accompanied by minor skin lesions, which were initially classified as mixed tissue disorder. Psychotic phases were waxing-waning over years. During one later relapse, skin involvement was severe, classified to likely represent an allergic reaction to psychopharmaca; this generalized exanthema remitted rapidly with cortisone treatment and azathioprine...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797653/antepartum-services-and-symptoms-of-postpartum-depression-in-at-risk-women
#6
Sharon L Ruyak, Angelina Flores-Montoya, Blake Boursaw
OBJECTIVE: To examine which psychosocial risk factors are predictors of symptoms of postpartum depression (PPD) and whether home visit services are associated with decreased reports of symptoms of PPD. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of observational data from the 2012 to 2013 Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS). PARTICIPANTS: A national sample with data from more than 30,000 births from 41 states. METHODS: To account for unequal probabilities of selection, PRAMS-produced survey weights were incorporated in all percentage estimates, all chi-square tests, and an overall logistic regression model for maternal characteristics as predictors of symptoms of PPD...
August 7, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791548/insomnia-postpartum-depression-and-estradiol-in-women-after-delivery
#7
Ewa Drozdowicz-Jastrzębska, Michał Skalski, Paulina Gdańska, Anna Mach, Piotr Januszko, Rafał J Nowak, Piotr Węgrzyn, Mirosław Wielgoś, Maria Radziwoń-Zaleska
After childbirth, women may develop symptoms of depression with the associated sleep disturbances. This study assessed the relationship between insomnia and both depression symptoms and blood estradiol levels in women during the early postpartum period. 84 patients were assessed 24-48 h after labor. The main assessment methods were the following psychometric scales: Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS). Serum estradiol levels were measured using ELISA assay...
August 8, 2017: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783546/smoking-during-pregnancy-in-the-united-states-2005-2014-the-role-of-depression
#8
Renee D Goodwin, Keely Cheslack-Postava, Deborah B Nelson, Philip H Smith, Melanie M Wall, Deborah S Hasin, Yoko Nomura, Sandro Galea
BACKGROUND: Despite success of public health-oriented tobacco control programs in lowering the smoking prevalence over the past several decades, it is unclear whether similar reductions in smoking have been experienced among pregnant women, especially in vulnerable groups such as those with major depression and/or lower socioeconomic status. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between major depressive episode (MDE) and smoking among pregnant women overall, and by demographics and to estimate changes in the prevalence of cigarette smoking among pregnant women with and without MDE from 2005 to 2014...
July 18, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780256/perinatal-depression-adverse-life-events-and-hypothalamic-adrenal-pituitary-axis-response-to-cold-pressor-stress-in-latinas-an-exploratory-study
#9
Sandraluz Lara-Cinisomo, Karen M Grewen, Susan S Girdler, Jayme Wood, Samantha Meltzer-Brody
BACKGROUND: Latinas are disproportionately affected by perinatal depression (PND) as well as by adverse life events (ALEs), an independent predictor of PND. Dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis has been seen both in women with PND and with a history of ALEs in non-Latinas. Although some evidence suggests that HPA axis dysregulation may mediate the link between ALEs and PND, this hypothesis has received little attention and there are no studies that have examined these pathways in Latinas...
August 2, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771981/there-is-more-to-perinatal-mental-health-care-than-depression-public-health-nurses-reported-engagement-and-competence-in-perinatal-mental-health-care
#10
Agnes Higgins, Carmel Downes, Margaret Carroll, Ailish Gill, Mark Monahan
AIM: To explore public health nurses' engagement, competence and education needs in relation to perinatal mental health care in Ireland. BACKGROUND: It is estimated that 15-25% of women will experience a mental health problem during or post pregnancy, either as a new problem or a reoccurrence of a pre-existing problem. Public Health Nurses, or their equivalent, are ideally positioned to support women's mental health and improve health outcomes for the woman and baby, yet little is known about their role and engagement with mental health issues, other than with postnatal depression...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771289/screening-for-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-based-on-different-risk-profiles-and-settings-for-improving-maternal-and-infant-health
#11
REVIEW
Joanna Tieu, Andrew J McPhee, Caroline A Crowther, Philippa Middleton, Emily Shepherd
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a form of diabetes that occurs in pregnancy. Although GDM usually resolves following birth, it is associated with significant morbidities for mothers and their infants in the short and long term. There is strong evidence to support treatment for GDM. However, there is uncertainty as to whether or not screening all pregnant women for GDM will improve maternal and infant health and if so, the most appropriate setting for screening. This review updates a Cochrane Review, first published in 2010, and subsequently updated in 2014...
August 3, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770973/schedules-for-home-visits-in-the-early-postpartum-period
#12
REVIEW
Naohiro Yonemoto, Therese Dowswell, Shuko Nagai, Rintaro Mori
BACKGROUND: Maternal complications including psychological and mental health problems and neonatal morbidity have been commonly observed in the postpartum period. Home visits by health professionals or lay supporters in the weeks following the birth may prevent health problems from becoming chronic with long-term effects on women, their babies, and their families. OBJECTIVES: To assess outcomes for women and babies of different home-visiting schedules during the early postpartum period...
August 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770341/prenatal-depression-screening-and-antidepressant-prescription-obstetrician-gynecologists-practices-opinions-and-interpretation-of-evidence
#13
Laura H Taouk, Kristen A Matteson, Lauren M Stark, Jay Schulkin
Obstetrician-gynecologists (ob-gyns) are well-positioned to detect symptoms of perinatal depression; however, little is known about how ob-gyns respond. The purpose of this study was to evaluate ob-gyns' beliefs and practices related to prenatal depression screening and antidepressant prescription during pregnancy. A larger survey on prenatal medication was developed at the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) and distributed to a sample of 1000 Fellows. The overall response rate was 37...
August 2, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769788/association-between-cyp2d6-genotypes-and-the-risk-of-antidepressant-discontinuation-dosage-modification-and-the-occurrence-of-maternal-depression-during-pregnancy
#14
Anick Bérard, Andrea Gaedigk, Odile Sheehy, Christina Chambers, Mark Roth, Pina Bozzo, Diana Johnson, Kelly Kao, Sharon Lavigne, Lori Wolfe, Dee Quinn, Kristen Dieter, Jin-Ping Zhao
Importance: Polymorphic expression of drug metabolizing enzymes affects the metabolism of antidepressants, and thus can contribute to drug response and/or adverse events. Pregnancy itself can affect CYP2D6 activity with profound variations determined by CYP2D6 genotype. Objective: To investigate the association between CYP2D6 genotype and the risk of antidepressant discontinuation, dosage modification, and the occurrence of maternal CYP2D6, Antidepressants, Depression during pregnancy. Setting: Data from the Organization of Teratology Information Specialists (OTIS) Antidepressants in Pregnancy Cohort, 2006-2010, were used...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767198/optimal-cut-off-score-of-the-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-for-major-depressive-episode-during-pregnancy-in-japan
#15
Kentaro Usuda, Daisuke Nishi, Emi Okazaki, Miyuki Makino, Yo Sano
AIM: Depression during pregnancy adversely affects both mother and child. As antenatal depression is a predictor of postnatal depression, early detection might prevent postnatal depression. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) is frequently used during the perinatal period, but the cut-off score during pregnancy has not been verified for the Japanese population. We aimed to clarify the optimal EPDS cut-off score in mid-pregnancy in Japan. METHODS: We recruited pregnant women aged 20 years or older at 12-24 weeks of gestation and those who scored ≥ 9 on the EPDS were invited to participate in this study...
August 2, 2017: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766094/risk-of-depressive-symptoms-associated-with-morbidity-in-postpartum-women-in-rural-bangladesh
#16
Pamela J Surkan, Kwame S Sakyi, Parul Christian, Sucheta Mehra, Alain Labrique, Hasmot Ali, Barkat Ullah, Lee Wu, Rolf Klemm, Mahbubur Rashid, Keith P West, Donna M Strobino
Objectives Depression following pregnancy is common, but its extent and association with maternal morbidity in the first 6 months postpartum have not been well described in low resource settings such as rural Bangladesh. Methods We used data from a population-based, community trial of approximately 39,000 married rural Bangladeshi women aged 13-44 between 2001 and 2007 to examine the relation between women's reported morbidity symptoms from childbirth to 3 months postpartum, and subsequent depressive symptoms assessed at 6 months postpartum...
August 1, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764671/retinoids-anxiety-and-peripartum-depressive-symptoms-among-chinese-women-a-prospective-cohort-study
#17
Yingchun Zeng, Yingtao Li, Huaan Xia, Shenglan Wang, Jingxuan Zhou, Dunjin Chen
BACKGROUND: The current study aimed to investigate whether serum RBP levels can be a key predictor of peripartum depression (PPD). METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study, conducted at a general teaching hospital in South China. Research participants were evaluated at three time points: the third trimester of pregnancy (T1), after delivery at week one (T2), and after delivery week six (T3) using a set of self-reported questionnaires and blood sample assays...
August 1, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763925/-the-situation-of-social-support-and-its-relationship-with-antenatal-depression-among-1-075-zhejiang-primiparas-in-their-third-trimesters
#18
B D Zhang, Y C Shan, L W Xu, H Chen, X N Zhang, C Y Tong, Y L Mao, C Zhou
Objective: To investigate the situation of social support (SS), and explore its relationship with antenatal depression (AD) among Zhejiang primiparas in their third trimesters. Methods: From March to August 2016, a cross-sectional study was conducted and the questionnaire was used at the outpatient consulting room of one maternity hospital in Hangzhou. Inclusion criteria includes the primiparas over 18 years old, gestation from 30 to 36 weeks, been able to understand and complete the questionnaires independently, no family history and history of mental disorders and no use of psychotropic drugs, without serious illness and so on...
August 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763638/a-systematic-review-of-growth-curve-mixture-modelling-literature-investigating-trajectories-of-perinatal-depressive-symptoms-and-associated-risk-factors
#19
REVIEW
Emily Baron, Judith Bass, Sarah M Murray, Marguerite Schneider, Crick Lund
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to review the growth curve mixture modelling (GCMM) literature investigating trajectories of perinatal maternal depressive symptoms and associated risk factors. METHODS: A systematic search of peer-reviewed articles published until November 2015 was conducted in seven databases. Articles using GCMM to identify trajectories of perinatal depressive symptoms were considered. Symptoms had to be assessed at least three times, anytime from pregnancy to two years postpartum (PROSPERO; 2016:CRD42016032600)...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761987/depression-anxiety-and-mental-health-service-experiences-of-women-with-a-twin-twin-transfusion-syndrome-pregnancy
#20
Lynn Falletta, Rebecca Fischbein, Surya Sruthi Bhamidipalli, Lauren Nicholas
Symptoms of emotional distress during and after pregnancy may be introduced or exacerbated by unexpected medical conditions in the mother or fetus. Twin-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS), which accounts for 17% of fetal deaths in twins and entails substantial medical uncertainty, may represent a particularly challenging pregnancy experience. Yet, little is known about the impact of TTTS on women's emotional health. We retrospectively surveyed 350 women who experienced a TTTS pregnancy about their experiences at three time points (prior to, during, and after pregnancy) to examine symptoms of anxiety and depression, mental health diagnoses, thoughts of seeking mental healthcare, help received, and preferred mental health services...
July 31, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
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