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Pregnancy depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140822/optimizing-pregnancy-treatment-interventions-for-moms-opti-mom-a-pilot-study
#1
Gerald T Cochran, Valerie Hruschak, Walitta Abdullah, Elizabeth Krans, Antoine B Douaihy, Stephanie Bobby, Rachel Fusco, Ralph Tarter
OBJECTIVES: The public health burden of opioid use disorder (OUD) among pregnant women has significantly increased in recent years. The Optimizing Pregnancy Treatment Interventions for Moms study was a pilot project that examined the feasibility of a patient navigation (PN) intervention model to reduce substance use and improve mental health, quality of life, and to increase engagement with treatment services among pregnant women with OUD. METHODS: A 1-group repeated-measures pilot study was conducted with treatment-seeking pregnant women with opioid dependence initiating buprenorphine maintenance treatment...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138195/current-status-of-postnatal-depression-smartphone-applications-available-on-application-stores-an-information-quality-analysis
#2
Melvyn Wb Zhang, Roger Cm Ho, Alvona Loh, Tracey Wing, Olivia Wynne, Sally Wai Chi Chan, Josip Car, Daniel Shuen Sheng Fung
OBJECTIVES: It is the aim of the current research to identify some common functionalities of postnatal application, and to determine the quality of the information content of postnatal depression application using validated scales that have been applied for applications in other specialties. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: To determine the information quality of the postnatal depression smartphone applications, the two most widely used smartphone application stores, namely Apple iTunes as well as Google Android Play store, were searched between 20May and 31 May...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129039/combined-diet-and-exercise-interventions-for-preventing-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#3
REVIEW
Emily Shepherd, Judith C Gomersall, Joanna Tieu, Shanshan Han, Caroline A Crowther, Philippa Middleton
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with a wide range of adverse health consequences for women and their infants in the short and long term. With an increasing prevalence of GDM worldwide, there is an urgent need to assess strategies for GDM prevention, such as combined diet and exercise interventions. This is an update of a Cochrane review that was first published in 2015. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of diet interventions in combination with exercise interventions for pregnant women for preventing GDM, and associated adverse health consequences for the mother and her infant/child...
November 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116416/postpartum-outcomes-of-a-pilot-prenatal-care-based-psychosocial-intervention-for-ptsd-during-pregnancy
#4
Linda Weinreb, Melodie Wenz-Gross, Carole Upshur
This study examines postpartum posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and secondary outcomes including postpartum depression and birth outcomes for pregnant women who screened positive for PTSD and received a psychosocial education intervention compared to women with PTSD in the usual prenatal care setting. All women entering prenatal care at two federally qualified health centers were screened for symptoms of current PTSD; one site was selected randomly to have prenatal care advocates deliver eight Seeking Safety topics for women with clinical or subclinical PTSD...
November 7, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116297/maternal-depression-and-anxiety-associated-with-dental-fear-in-children-a-cohort-of-adolescent-mothers-in-southern-brazil
#5
Vanessa Polina Pereira Costa, Marcos Britto Correa, Marília Leão Goettems, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro, Flávio Fernando Demarco
Exposure to maternal symptoms of depression/anxiety has long-term negative consequences for child development, regardless of the contextual risk. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship of the symptomatology of persistent maternal depression and anxiety with child dental fear. This study was nested in a cohort of adolescent mothers in southern Brazil. Symptomatology of maternal depression and anxiety was assessed during pregnancy and postpartum, when the mothers' children were 24-36 months old, using Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory...
November 6, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115077/identification-of-epstein-barr-virus-in-the-human-placenta-and-its-pathologic-characteristics
#6
Younghoon Kim, Hye Sung Kim, Joong Shin Park, Chong Jai Kim, Woo Ho Kim
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), a common pathogen in humans, is suspected as the cause of multiple pregnancy-related pathologies including depression, preeclampsia, and stillbirth. Moreover, transmission of EBV through the placenta has been reported. However, the focus of EBV infection within the placenta has remained unknown to date. In this study, we proved the expression of latent EBV genes in the endometrial glandular epithelial cells of the placenta and investigated the cytological characteristics of these cells...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113038/micronutrient-dietary-intake-in-latina-pregnant-adolescents-and-its-association-with-level-of-depression-stress-and-social-support
#7
Angelie Singh, Caroline Trumpff, Jeanine Genkinger, Alida Davis, Marisa Spann, Elizabeth Werner, Catherine Monk
Adolescent pregnant women are at greater risk for nutritional deficits, stress, and depression than their adult counterparts, and these risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes are likely interrelated. This study evaluated the prevalence of nutritional deficits in pregnant teenagers and assessed the associations among micronutrient dietary intake, stress, and depression. One hundred and eight pregnant Latina adolescents completed an Automated Self-Administered 24-hour dietary recall (ASA24) in the 2nd trimester...
November 4, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110970/perinatal-weight-and-risk-of-prenatal-and-postpartum-depressive-symptoms
#8
Karen A Ertel, Tianyi Huang, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Ken Kleinman, Janet Rich-Edwards, Emily Oken, Tamarra James-Todd
PURPOSE: Prepregnancy obesity and weight changes accompanying pregnancy (gestational weight gain and postpartum weight retention) may be associated with risk of maternal depressive symptoms during pregnancy and in the postpartum. The few studies that have examined these relationships report conflicting findings. METHODS: We studied pregnant (n = 2112) and postpartum (n = 1686) women enrolled in Project Viva. We used self-reported prepregnancy and postpartum weight and measured prenatal weight to calculate prepregnancy body mass index (BMI), gestational weight gain (GWG), and postpartum weight retention at 6 months after birth...
October 16, 2017: Annals of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110958/low-level-arsenic-exposure-during-pregnancy-and-its-association-with-postpartum-depression-a-cohort-study-of-women-from-arica-chile
#9
M Valdés, A Hanchey, M P Muñoz, B Baumert, V Iglesias
BACKGROUND: While the relationship between inorganic arsenic exposure and psychological impairment has been studied previously, the association between low-level arsenic exposure during pregnancy and postpartum depression has not yet been examined. The objective is to estimate the association between low-level arsenic exposure during pregnancy and the Edinburgh score. METHODS: A sample of 223 women was collected from five public health services in Arica, Chile. Participation was voluntary and written consent was mandatory...
November 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108161/psychological-impact-of-abortion-due-to-fetal-anomaly-a-review-of-published-research
#10
Nora Sullivan, Eoghan de Faoite
Over the past several decades, prenatal testing for fetal anomalies has become standard across the developed world. Most women who learn of a severe anomaly during pregnancy elect to terminate. The authors reviewed ten studies which examined the psychological sequelae of pregnant women following prenatal diagnoses of severe life limiting conditions. Based on the available data, the authors found evidence that women who abort due to a poor prenatal diagnosis are at higher risk of post-traumatic stress and depression than women who continue with pregnancy...
2017: Issues in Law & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107975/trajectories-of-maternal-ante-and-postpartum-depressive-symptoms-and-their-association-with-child-and-mother-related-characteristics-in-a-west-african-birth-cohort-study
#11
Dana Barthel, Levente Kriston, Daniel Fordjour, Yasmin Mohammed, Esther Doris Kra-Yao, Carine Esther Bony Kotchi, Ekissi Jean Koffi Armel, Kirsten Alexandra Eberhardt, Torsten Feldt, Rebecca Hinz, Koffi Mathurin, Stefanie Schoppen, Carola Bindt, Stephan Ehrhardt
BACKGROUND: The vast majority of research on mental health has been undertaken in high income countries. This study aimed at investigating the long-term course of maternal depressive symptoms and its association with various mother- and child-related characteristics in two West African lower middle income countries with focus on the relationship with long-term anxiety symptoms. METHODS: In the Child Development Study, a prospective birth cohort study in Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana, the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was answered by N = 776 women 3 months antepartum, and 3, 12, and 24 months postpartum between April 2010 and March 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107787/marijuana-use-during-pregnancy-a-comparison-of-trends-and-correlates-among-married-and-unmarried-pregnant-women
#12
Sehun Oh, Christopher P Salas-Wright, Michael G Vaughn, Diana M DiNitto
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: While recent evidence indicates increases in marijuana use among adult women in the United States (US), important questions remain with respect to marijuana use during pregnancy. This study examines trends and correlates of prenatal marijuana use and the effects of marijuana-specific risk/protective factors on marijuana use trends using a nationally representative sample. METHOD: Data were derived from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2005-2014), a nationally representative survey that included 3640 married and 3987 unmarried pregnant women in the United States...
November 2, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103210/insulin-for-the-treatment-of-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#13
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Luke Grzeskowiak, Kathryn Williamson, Michelle R Downie, Caroline A Crowther
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with short- and long-term complications for the mother and her infant. Women who are unable to maintain their blood glucose concentration within pre-specified treatment targets with diet and lifestyle interventions will require anti-diabetic pharmacological therapies. This review explores the safety and effectiveness of insulin compared with oral anti-diabetic pharmacological therapies, non-pharmacological interventions and insulin regimens...
November 5, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102136/short-communication-effects-of-fluoxetine-on-lactation-at-weaning-in-sheep
#14
P L Harrelson, D M Hallford, T T Ross
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors have been considered for use in the dairy industry to aid in dry-off procedures because of their ability to delay the onset of lactation. Fluoxetine (a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor; FLX) is an agent that has been shown to delay the onset of lactogenesis stage II when taken during pregnancy and lactation in women. Two experiments were conducted to determine whether ewes would be an appropriate model to evaluate the effects of FLX on milk production at weaning...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101052/cluster-analysis-profiling-of-behaviors-in-zebrafish-larvae-treated-with-antidepressants-and-pesticides
#15
Holly Richendrfer, Robbert Creton
Antidepressants are used by a substantial number of women in their childbearing years. Treatment may continue during pregnancy, since untreated depression poses a risk to the mother and child. However, many antidepressants readily pass through the placental barrier to reach the fetus or may be ingested by the newborn via breastmilk. Little is known about the effects of antidepressants on brain development and subsequent behavior in young children. In the current study, we used zebrafish as a model system to examine the neurodevelopmental effects of three commonly prescribed antidepressants, sertraline, duloxetine and bupropion...
October 31, 2017: Neurotoxicology and Teratology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099069/association-between-duration-of-folic-acid-supplementation-during-pregnancy-and-risk-of-postpartum-depression
#16
Jing Yan, Yuyan Liu, Lujia Cao, Yuzhi Zheng, Wen Li, Guowei Huang
Postpartum depression (PPD), as a common complication of childbearing, could have adverse consequences on mothers, children, and families. This cohort study aimed to assess the association between duration of folic acid (FA) supplementation during pregnancy and the onset of PPD in Chinese women. A total of 1592 participants were recruited, and data collected between July 2015 and March 2017 in Tianjin, China. Participants' baseline data were collected regarding socio-demographic and lifestyle characteristics, obstetric history, and FA supplementation during pregnancy...
November 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096646/poor-social-support-as-a-risk-factor-for-antenatal-depressive-symptoms-among-women-attending-public-antennal-clinics-in-penang-malaysia
#17
Abdul Rashid, Rokiah Mohd
BACKGROUND: Depression, a type of mental disorder which is portrayed by marked alterations in mood, is associated with distress and/or impaired functioning. Poor social support is an important risk factor for depression in pregnancy. An extensive literature search failed to show any published study conducted in Malaysia on antenatal depressive symptoms and the risk of poor social support on it. The aim of the study was to determine the risk of antenatal depressive symptoms due to poor social support...
November 2, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096284/psychosocial-predictors-of-gestational-weight-gain-and-the-role-of-mindfulness
#18
Jeni Matthews, Jennifer Huberty, Jenn Leiferman, Matthew Buman
OBJECTIVE: To identify the psychosocial factors (i.e., stress, anxiety, depression, social support) that are associated with gestational weight gain (GWG) and the relationship of mindfulness with GWG during each trimester of pregnancy. DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, an online survey that assessed physical and mental health and wellness practices was administered to pregnant women. PARTICIPANTS: Pregnant women ≥8 weeks gestation, ≥18 years old, and could read and write in English...
October 16, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094777/the-pregnancy-related-beliefs-questionnaire-prbq-an-examination-of-the-psychometric-properties-in-perinatal-samples
#19
Dawn M Leach, Philip Terry, Ana V Nikčević
BACKGROUND: Identifying vulnerability to perinatal depression is an important public health issue. Risk factors include general and maternal-specific dysfunctional attitudes. Scales of maternal attitudes have a number of shortcomings. Further, it is not known whether antenatal maternal attitudes predict post-natal depression, independently of general dysfunctional attitudes (GDA). The aim of the current study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Pregnancy Related Beliefs Questionnaire (PRBQ) and to establish, prospectively, the utility of the revised PRBQ in predicting the symptoms of post-natal depression...
November 2, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093252/-influential-factors-for-postpartum-depression-based-on-the-structural-equation-model-in-kaifu-district-in-changsha
#20
Tingting Sha, Yan Yan, Xiao Gao, Shiting Xiang, Qiong He, Guangyu Zeng, Shiping Liu, Hongyan Li, Shan Tan, Qiang Yan
To investigate the current status of the postpartum depression in Kaifu District in Changsha, and to explore the influential factors for postpartum depression.
 Methods: We selected the mothers, who had a delivery and met the inclusion criteria in Changsha during 2015, as the participants and established a prospective birth cohort study. The social demographic characteristics and health-related information for the mothers and their families were collected by using self-made questionnaire. The mothers' depression symptoms after one month postpartum were assessed by the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale...
October 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
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