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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767909/association-of-subclinical-inflammation-glycated-hemoglobin-and-risk-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#1
Carolina Vicaria Rodrigues D'Aurea, Bruno Gion de Andrade Cerazi, Antonio Gabriele Laurinavicius, Carolina Castro Porto Silva Janovsky, Raquel Dilguerian de Oliveira Conceição, Raul D Santos, Márcio Sommer Bittencourt
Objective: To investigate the inter-relation between high sensitivity C-reactive protein and glycated hemoglobin in prediction of risk of obstructive sleep apnea. Methods: We included all individuals participating in a check-up program at the Preventive Medicine Center of Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein in 2014. The Berlin questionnaire for risk of obstructive sleep apnea was used, and the high sensitivity C-reactive protein and glycated hemoglobin levels were evaluated...
April 2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746520/relationship-between-cardiometabolic-parameters-and-elevated-resting-and-effort-heart-rate-in-schoolchildren
#2
Cristiane Fernanda da Silva, Miria Suzana Burgos, Priscila Tatiana da Silva, Leandro Tibiriçá Burgos, Letícia Welser, Ana Paula Sehn, Jorge André Horta, Elza Daniel de Mello, Cézane Priscila Reuter
Background: Little has been studied on heart rate and its relationship with metabolic disorders. Objective: To identify possible association between heart rate (HR) and metabolic disorders in children and adolescents. Methods: This cross-sectional study evaluated 2.098 subjects, aged between 7 and 17 years. The variables evaluated were: HR, systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), pulse pressure (PP), double-product (DP), myocardial oxygen consumption (mVO2), lipids, glucose and uric acid levels, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC)...
July 20, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700017/plasma-total-antioxidant-capacity-and-cardiometabolic-risk-in-non-obese-and-clinically-healthy-young-adults
#3
Jamille Oliveira Costa, Cecília M Passos Vásquez, Gleiciane de Jesus Santana, Natanael de Jesus Silva, Juciene de Matos Braz, Amélia M Ribeiro de Jesus, Danielle Góes da Silva, Luana Celina Seraphim Cunha, Kiriaque Barra Ferreira Barbosa
Background: The oxidative biomarkers play an important role in the genesis of cardiometabolic risk-related processes. Objective: To investigate the total antioxidant capacity of plasma and its association with cardiometabolic risk in non-obese and clinically healthy young adults. Methods: University students of the state of Sergipe, Brazil, aged between 18 and 25 years, were recruited for this study from May of 2013 and October of 2014. Anthropometric, clinical and biochemical parameters were measured and analyzed using protocols which were previously standardized and described in the literature...
July 10, 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699976/discordant-lipid-pattern-and-carotid-atherosclerotic-plaque-importance-of-remnant-cholesterol
#4
Walter Masson, Martín Lobo, Graciela Molinero, Daniel Siniawski
Background: Subjects with levels of non-HDL-C 30 mg/dL above those of LDL-C (lipid discordance) or with high remnant cholesterol levels could have a greater residual cardiovascular risk. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of lipid discordance in a primary prevention population and analyze the clinical variables associated with it; To investigate the association between lipid discordance and remnant cholesterol with the presence of carotid plaque. Methods: Primary prevention patients without diabetes or lipid-lowering therapy were included...
June 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699975/the-expected-cardiovascular-benefit-of-plasma-cholesterol-lowering-with-or-without-ldl-c-targets-in-healthy-individuals-at-higher-cardiovascular-risk
#5
Fernando Henpin Yue Cesena, Antonio Gabriele Laurinavicius, Viviane A Valente, Raquel D Conceição, Raul D Santos, Marcio S Bittencourt
Background: There is controversy whether management of blood cholesterol should be based or not on LDL-cholesterol (LDL-c) target concentrations. Objectives: To compare the estimated impact of different lipid-lowering strategies, based or not on LDL-c targets, on the risk of major cardiovascular events in a population with higher cardiovascular risk. Methods: We included consecutive individuals undergoing a routine health screening in a single center who had a 10-year risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) ≥ 7...
June 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627211/consumo-de-huevo-y-enfermedad-cardiovascular-una-revisi%C3%A3-n-de-la-literatura-cient%C3%A3-fica
#6
Catalina Dussaillant, Guadalupe Echeverría, Jaime Rozowski, Nicolás Velasco, Antonio Arteaga, Attilio Rigotti
El huevo es un alimento que aporta proteína de alta calidad y numerosos nutrientes con potenciales beneficios para la salud. Sin embargo, la aparición de la enfermedad cardiovascular como importante causa de morbilidad y mortalidad en el mundo, junto con la identificación de los niveles elevados de colesterol plasmático como factor de riesgo para esta patología, llevó, en los años 70, a profesionales e instituciones de salud a limitar el consumo de colesterol y, por tanto, de huevo en la población. Hasta la fecha, los análisis de cohortes prospectivas tienden a mostrar que el consumo de hasta un huevo diario no aumenta significativamente el riesgo cardiovascular en la población sana...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627194/s%C3%A3-ndrome-metab%C3%A3-lico-y-riesgo-cardiovascular-en-la-poblaci%C3%A3-n-diab%C3%A3-tica-de-el-hierro-islas-canarias
#7
M Candelaria Martín-González, Ana María Torres-Vega, Emilio González-Reimers, Geraldine Quintero-Platt, Camino Fernández-Rodríguez, Julio Alvisa-Negrín, Adnan Hawari-Meilud, Francisco Santolaria-Fernández
Introducción: en Canarias existe una elevada prevalencia de factores de riesgo vascular, superior a la del resto de España.Objetivo: analizar las características clínicas de 300 adultos diabéticos tipo II de El Hierro, en el Archipiélago Canario.Métodos: los pacientes fueron valorados en la Unidad de Medicina Interna del hospital entre 1982 a 2010, y seguidos hasta diciembre de 2014 o hasta su fallecimiento. La muestra se compone de 154 mujeres y 156 hombres (52%).Resultados: la edad media fue de 66...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591350/factors-associated-with-chronic-back-pain-in-adults-in-brazil
#8
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Max Moura de Oliveira, Silvânia Suely Caribé de Araújo Andrade, Waleska Teixeira Caiaffa, Maria de Fatima Marinho de Souza, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal
OBJECTIVE: To identify associations of chronic back pain with sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyles, body mass index, self-reported chronic diseases and health assessment, according to sex. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2013 National Health Survey, estimated the prevalence and their respective 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) of chronic back pain, according to selected variables and performed adjustment by age and education. RESULTS: 18...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591346/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-self-reported-high-blood-pressure-in-brazilian-adults
#9
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal, Silvânia Suely Caribé de Araújo Andrade, Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez
OBJECTIVE: To analyze factors associated with self-reported high blood pressure among adults in Brazilian state capitals. METHODS: The study uses data from Sistema de Vigilância de Fatores de Risco e Proteção para Doenças Crônicas por Inquérito Telefônico (Vigitel - Surveillance System of Risk and Protection Factors of Noncommunicable Diseases by Telephone Survey) collected in 2013. Prevalence rates and their respective 95% confidence intervals by gender were estimated according to sociodemographic variables, lifestyle, reported noncommunicable diseases and self-rated health status...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591319/self-reported-high-cholesterol-prevalence-in-the-brazilian-population-analysis-of-the-2013-national-health-survey
#10
Paulo A Lotufo, Raul D Santos, Andrei C Sposito, Marcelo Bertolami, Jose Rocha-Faria, M Cristina Izar, Celia Szwarcwald, Rogério R Prado, Sheila R Stoppa, Deborah C Malta, Isabela M Bensenor
Background: Data on the prevalence of dyslipidemia in Brazil are scarce, with surveys available only for some towns. Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of the self-reported medical diagnosis of high cholesterol in the Brazilian adult population by use of the 2013 National Health Survey data. Methods: Descriptive study assessing the 2013 National Health Survey data, a household-based epidemiological survey with a nationally representative sample and self-reported information...
May 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591252/impact-of-the-use-of-different-diagnostic-criteria-in-the-prevalence-of-dyslipidemia-in-pregnant-women
#11
Alina Coutinho Rodrigues Feitosa, Luciana Tedgue Barreto, Isabela Matos da Silva, Felipe Freire da Silva, Gilson Soares Feitosa
Background: There is a physiologic elevation of total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides (TG) during pregnancy. Some authors define dyslipidemia (DLP) in pregnant women when TC, LDL and TG concentrations are above the 95th percentile (p95%) and HDL concentration is below the 5th percentile (P5%) for gestational age (GA). Objective: To compare the prevalence of DLP in pregnant women using percentiles criteria with the V Brazilian Guidelines on Dyslipidemia and the association with maternal and fetal outcomes...
July 2017: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244795/dietas-bajas-en-hidratos-de-carbono-para-diab%C3%A3-ticos-de-tipo-2-revisi%C3%A3-n-sistem%C3%A3-tica
#12
Javier Valenzuela Mencía, Rafael Fernández Castillo, María Begoña Martos Cabrera, José Luis Gómez-Urquiza, Luis Albendín García, Guillermo Arturo Cañadas de la Fuente
Introducción: usualmente se ha recomendado a personas diabéticas seguir una dieta baja en grasas. Sin embargo, las dietas bajas en carbohidratos (DBCH) parecen ser, al menos, igual de efectivas que las bajas en grasas, incluso aportan mejores resultados en algunos casos en cuanto a control glicémico, disminución de peso corporal y mejora de marcadores de riesgo cardiovascular.Objetivos: analizar el efecto de las DBCH con respecto a dietas bajas en grasas (DBG) u otras, en cuanto a glucemia basal, hemoglobina glicosilada (HbA1c), peso corporal, colesterol total y triglicéridos...
February 1, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076482/correlation-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-features-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-morbidly-obese-patients-in-the-preoperative-assessment-for-bariatric-surgery
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Fernando de Barros, Sergio Setúbal, José Manoel Martinho, Loraine Ferraz, Andressa Gaudêncio
Background: Obesity is an epidemic and chronic disease that can bring other comorbidities to the patient. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is present in up to 90% of these patients and can progress to hepatitis and hepatocarcinoma. The relationship of this liver disease and obesity is already well known; however, it is possible that some parameters of the comorbidities are more related than others in the pathophysiology of the disease. Aim: Was analyzed the relationship between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and the comorbidities of metabolic syndrome in morbidly obese patients...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076479/dietary-management-for-dyslipidemia-in-liver-transplant-recipients
#14
Andressa S Pinto, Marcio F Chedid, Léa T Guerra, Daiane D Cabeleira, Cleber D P Kruel
Background: Dyslipidemia occurs in approximately 70% of all liver transplant (LT) recipients, and no prior control studies have demonstrated any dietary intervention to change it. Aim: To analyze the effects of a dietary intervention on the lipid profile of dyslipidemic LT recipients. Methods: All LT recipients with dyslipidemia on clinical follow-up were enrolled. Anthropometric evaluation, food history, body composition (bioimpedance) and assessment of basal metabolism through indirect calorimetry were performed...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982330/bariatric-surgery-is-it-reasonable-before-the-age-of-16
#15
Lilian Helena Polak Massabki, Letícia Esposito Sewaybricker, Keila Hayashi Nakamura, Roberto Teixeira Mendes, Antonio DE Azevedo Barros, Maria Ângela Reis DE Góes Monteiro Antonio, Mariana Porto Zambon
Objective: to assess the severity of obesity in children and adolescents through the presence of comorbidities and the potential indication of bariatric surgery. Methods: we conducted a cross-sectional study with clinical and laboratory data of the first consultation of patients at the childhood obesity clinic at a tertiary hospital from 2005 to 2013. We divided the patients into groups with or without potential indication for surgery, and recorded age, gender, birth weight, age of obesity onset, BMI Z score, presence of acanthosis nigricans, blood pressure, total cholesterol and fractions, triglycerides, blood glucose and fasting insulin, HOMA1-IR, CRP and ESR...
September 2016: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759987/ingesta-diet%C3%A3-tica-y-adherencia-a-la-dieta-mediterr%C3%A3-nea-en-un-grupo-de-estudiantes-universitarios-en-funci%C3%A3-n-de-la-pr%C3%A3-ctica-deportiva
#16
María Paz Redondo Del Río, Beatriz De Mateo Silleras, Laura Carreño Enciso, José Manuel Marugán de Miguelsanz, Marina Fernández McPhee, María Alicia Camina Martín
Introducción: la alimentación de los jóvenes universitarios se aleja cada vez más de la dieta mediterránea (DM). El binomio alimentación-actividad física es fundamental para mantener un adecuado estado de salud.Objetivo: comparar la ingesta en un grupo de estudiantes universitarios deportistas frente a otro que no realiza deporte habitualmente.Sujetos y métodos:estudio observacional transversal realizado en 49 voluntarios de la Universidad de Valladolid. Se determinaron peso, talla y actividad física (cuestionario GPAQ)...
September 20, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759775/effect-of-chronic-ingestion-of-wine-on-the-glycemic-lipid-and-body-weight-homeostasis-in-mice
#17
Sebastião Barreto de Brito-Filho, Egberto Gaspar de Moura, Orlando José Dos Santos, Euler Nicolau Sauaia-Filho, Elias Amorim, Ewaldo Eder Carvalho Santana, Allan Kardec Dualibe Barros-Filho, Rennan Abud Pinheiro Santos
Background: The health benefits associated with moderate wine consumption, as with ethanol and phenolic compounds, include different mechanisms still little understandable. Aim: Evaluate glycemic and weight variations, and the deposit of triglycerides, cholesterol and liver glycogen with red wine consumption. Methods: 60 ApoE knockout mice were divided into three groups of 20: Wine Group (WG), Ethanol Group (EG) and Water Group (WAG). They received daily: WG 50 ml of wine and 50 ml water; EG 6 ml ethanol and WAG 94 ml of water...
July 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737397/hypertriglyceridemia-is-there-a-role-for-prophylactic-apheresis-a-case-report
#18
Ana Rita Francisco, Inês Gonçalves, Fátima Veiga, Mónica Mendes Pedro, Fausto J Pinto, Dulce Brito
Severe hypertriglyceridemia has been consistently associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and other complications, namely acute pancreatitis. We report a case of a 64 year-old woman with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and metabolic syndrome with triglyceride level of 3260 mg/dL. Plasma exchange was performed with simultaneous medical treatment to achieve a rapid and effective lowering of triglycerides in order to prevent clinical complications. After three plasmapheresis sessions a marked reduction in triglyceride and total cholesterol levels was observed...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737390/factors-associated-with-subendocardial-ischemia-risk-in-patients-on-hemodialysis
#19
Bruno Caldin da Silva, Adriano Sanjuan, Valéria Costa-Hong, Luciene Dos Reis, Fabiana Graciolli, Fernanda Consolim-Colombo, Luiz Aparecido Bortolotto, Rosa Maria Affonso Moyses, Rosilene Motta Elias
Introduction: Bone metabolism disorder (BMD) and vascular dysfunction contribute to excess cardiovascular mortality observed in hemodialysis patients. Vascular dysfunction, a new marker of atherosclerosis, can play a role in this risk. Even though associated with higher mortality in the general population, such vascular evaluation in patients on hemodialysis has not been extensively studied. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, hemodialysis patients were submitted to flow-mediated dilation, subendocardial viability ratio (SEVR) and ejection duration index assessment, in order to estimate the impact of BMD markers on vascular dysfunction...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683780/pre-and-postoperative-in-bariatric-surgery-some-biochemical-changes
#20
Amanda Kaseker Tedesco, Rafaela Biazotto, Telma Souza E Silva Gebara, Maria Paula Carlini Cambi, Giorgio Alfredo Pedroso Baretta
Background: The bariatric surgery may cause some nutritional deficiencies. Aim: To compare the serum levels of biochemical markers, in iimmediate post-surgical patients who were submitted to bariatric surgery. Methods: Non-concurrent prospective cross-sectional study. The analysis investigated data in medical charts of pre-surgical and immediate post-surgical patients who were submitted to bariatric surgery, focusing total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, C reactive protein, vitamin B12 levels, folic acid, homocysteine values, iron and serum calcium at the referred period...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
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