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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914313/multi-objective-genetic-algorithms-to-find-most-relevant-volumes-of-the-brain-related-to-alzheimer-s-disease-and-mild-cognitive-impairment
#1
Olga Valenzuela, Xiaoyi Jiang, Antonio Carrillo, Ignacio Rojas
Computer-Aided Diagnosis (CAD) represents a relevant instrument to automatically classify between patients with and without Alzheimer's Disease (AD) using several actual imaging techniques. This study analyzes the optimization of volumes of interest (VOIs) to extract three-dimensional (3D) textures from Magnetic Resonance Image (MRI) in order to diagnose AD, Mild Cognitive Impairment converter (MCIc), Mild Cognitive Impairment nonconverter (MCInc) and Normal subjects. A relevant feature of the proposed approach is the use of 3D features instead of traditional two-dimensional (2D) features, by using 3D discrete wavelet transform (3D-DWT) approach for performing feature extraction from T-1 weighted MRI...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Neural Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912647/the-association-between-local-meteorological-changes-and-exacerbation-of-acute-wheezing-in-kandy-sri-lanka
#2
N D B Ehelepola, Kusalika Ariyaratne, Amithe Jayaratne
BACKGROUND: Severe wheezing is a common medical emergency. Past studies have demonstrated associations between exacerbation of wheezing and meteorological factors and atmospheric pollution. There are no past studies from Sri Lanka that analyzed correlation between daily multiple meteorological variables and exacerbation of wheezing. OBJECTIVES: To determine the correlations between daily counts of patients nebulized at the Outpatient Department (OPD) of Teaching Hospital - Kandy (THK) and local meteorological variables, and to explore the utility of that information...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911250/evaluation-of-feature-extraction-techniques-and-classifiers-for-finger-movement-recognition-using-surface-electromyography-signal
#3
Pornchai Phukpattaranont, Sirinee Thongpanja, Khairul Anam, Adel Al-Jumaily, Chusak Limsakul
Electromyography (EMG) in a bio-driven system is used as a control signal, for driving a hand prosthesis or other wearable assistive devices. Processing to get informative drive signals involves three main modules: preprocessing, dimensionality reduction, and classification. This paper proposes a system for classifying a six-channel EMG signal from 14 finger movements. A feature vector of 66 elements was determined from the six-channel EMG signal for each finger movement. Subsequently, various feature extraction techniques and classifiers were tested and evaluated...
June 18, 2018: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906840/multiscale-neural-connectivity-during-human-sensory-processing-in-the-brain
#4
Vladimir A Maksimenko, Anastasia E Runnova, Nikita S Frolov, Vladimir V Makarov, Vladimir Nedaivozov, Alexey A Koronovskii, Alexander Pisarchik, Alexander E Hramov
Stimulus-related brain activity is considered using wavelet-based analysis of neural interactions between occipital and parietal brain areas in alpha (8-12 Hz) and beta (15-30 Hz) frequency bands. We show that human sensory processing related to the visual stimuli perception induces brain response resulted in different ways of parieto-occipital interactions in these bands. In the alpha frequency band the parieto-occipital neuronal network is characterized by homogeneous increase of the interaction between all interconnected areas both within occipital and parietal lobes and between them...
May 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906832/measurement-of-entanglement-entropy-in-the-two-dimensional-potts-model-using-wavelet-analysis
#5
Yusuke Tomita
A method is introduced to measure the entanglement entropy using a wavelet analysis. Using this method, the two-dimensional Haar wavelet transform of a configuration of Fortuin-Kasteleyn (FK) clusters is performed. The configuration represents a direct snapshot of spin-spin correlations since spin degrees of freedom are traced out in FK representation. A snapshot of FK clusters loses image information at each coarse-graining process by the wavelet transform. It is shown that the loss of image information measures the entanglement entropy in the Potts model...
May 2018: Physical Review. E
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904355/alteration-in-brain-functional-and-effective-connectivity-in-subjects-with-hypertension
#6
Lingguo Bu, Congcong Huo, Gongcheng Xu, Ying Liu, Zengyong Li, Yubo Fan, Jianfeng Li
To reveal the physiological mechanism of the cognitive decline in subjects with hypertension, the functional connectivity (FC) was assessed by using the wavelet phase coherence (WPCO), and effective connectivity (EC) was assessed by using the coupling strength (CS) of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) signals. NIRS signals were continuously recorded from the prefrontal cortex, sensorimotor cortex, and occipital lobes of 13 hypertensive patients (hypertension group, 70 ± 6.5 years old) and 16 elderly healthy subjects (control group, 71 ± 5...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899318/evaluation-of-the-continuous-wavelet-transform-for-detection-of-single-point-rub-in-aeroderivative-gas-turbines-with-accelerometers
#7
Alejandro Silva, Alejandro Zarzo, Juan M Munoz-Guijosa, Francesco Miniello
A common fault in turbomachinery is rotor⁻casing rub. Shaft vibration, measured with proximity probes, is the most powerful indicator of rotor⁻stator rub. However, in machines such as aeroderivative turbines, with increasing industrial relevance in power generation, constructive reasons prevent the use of those sensors, being only acceleration signals at selected casing locations available. This implies several shortcomings in the characterization of the machinery condition, associated with a lower information content about the machine dynamics...
June 13, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890503/characterizing-the-semg-patterns-with-myofascial-pain-using-a-multi-scale-wavelet-model-through-machine-learning-approaches
#8
Yu-Ching Lin, Nan-Ying Yu, Ching-Fen Jiang, Shao-Hsia Chang
In this paper, we introduce a newly developed multi-scale wavelet model for the interpretation of surface electromyography (SEMG) signals and validate the model's capability to characterize changes in neuromuscular activation in cases with myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) via machine learning methods. The SEMG data collected from normal (N = 30; 27 women, 3 men) and MPS subjects (N = 26; 22 women, 4 men) were adopted for this retrospective analysis. SMEGs were measured from the taut-band loci on both sides of the trapezius muscle on the upper back while he/she conducted a cyclic bilateral backward shoulder extension movement within 1 min...
June 2, 2018: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886349/results-of-the-simultaneous-measurements-of-radon-around-the-black-sea-for-seismological-applications
#9
I Nevinsky, T Tsvetkova, M Dogru, E Aksoy, M Inceoz, O Baykara, F Kulahci, G Melikadze, I Akkurt, F Kulali, E Vogiannis, E Pitikakis, K Katsanou, N Lambrakis
Results of measurements of radon around of the Black Sea are shown. Radon stations in zones of active faults were placed. Simultaneous hourly measurements of soil radon in 2005 were carried out in the Sivrice Fault Zone that is a segment of East Anatolian Fault System, in the town of Tbilisi (Georgia) and in the South Russia. In 2008 simultaneously hourly measurements of soil radon were carried out in the Western Caucasus (Russia) and in the Mytilene Island (Greece). In 2013 radon in underground waters simultaneously in midday was measuring in Crete (Greece), in the Pamukkale geothermal region (Southwest Turkey) and in the Western Caucasus...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29880218/application-of-subwindow-factor-analysis-and-mass-spectral-information-for-accurate-alignment-of-non-targeted-metabolic-profiling
#10
Tian-Biao Yang, Pan Yan, Min He, Liang Hong, Rui Pei, Zhi-Min Zhang, Lun-Zhao Yi, Xin-Ya Yuan
The peak shifts may lead to an incorrect statistical result for nontargeted metabolomics profiling, such as classification and discrimination in pattern recognition. In the paper, a more accurate alignment algorithm is developed based on Subwindow Factor Analysis and Mass Spectral information (SFA-MS). Compared with other methods, this new algorithm aligns the peaks more accurately without changing their shapes, especially for the overlapping peak clusters. To begin, the Continuous Wavelet Transform with Haar wavelet as the mother wavelet (Haar CWT) is used to determine the position and width of peaks...
May 30, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877826/a-direct-phase-tracking-doppler-radar-using-wavelet-independent-component-analysis-for-non-contact-respiratory-and-heart-rate-monitoring
#11
Marco Mercuri, Yao-Hong Liu, Ilde Lorato, Tom Torfs, Fokko Wieringa, Andre Bourdoux, Chris Van Hoof
A continuous wave Doppler radar, operating as a phase-locked-loop in phase demodulator configuration, is proposed and in vivo demonstrated for noncontact vital signs monitoring. The radar architecture exhibits a unique precision in tracking the phase modulation caused by human cardiopulmonary activity from which heartbeat and respiration can simultaneously be extracted. The single mixer architecture is immune to the null point and does not require small-angle approximation conditions, which distinguishes it from pre-existing other approaches...
June 2018: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29872100/prestressed-cells-are-prone-to-cytoskeleton-failures-under-localized-shear-strain-an-experimental-demonstration-on-muscle-precursor-cells
#12
Laura Streppa, Francesca Ratti, Evelyne Goillot, Anne Devin, Laurent Schaeffer, Alain Arneodo, Françoise Argoul
We report on a wavelet based space-scale decomposition method for analyzing the response of living muscle precursor cells (C2C12 myoblasts and myotubes) upon sharp indentation with an AFM cantilever and quantifying their aptitude to sustain such a local shear strain. Beyond global mechanical parameters which are currently used as markers of cell contractility, we emphasize the necessity of characterizing more closely the local fluctuations of the shear relaxation modulus as they carry important clues about the mechanisms of cytoskeleton strain release...
June 5, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867071/non-destructive-and-rapid-variety-discrimination-and-visualization-of-single-grape-seed-using-near-infrared-hyperspectral-imaging-technique-and-multivariate-analysis
#13
Yiying Zhao, Chu Zhang, Susu Zhu, Pan Gao, Lei Feng, Yong He
Hyperspectral images in the spectral range of 874⁻1734 nm were collected for 14,015, 14,300 and 15,042 grape seeds of three varieties, respectively. Pixel-wise spectra were preprocessed by wavelet transform, and then, spectra of each single grape seed were extracted. Principal component analysis (PCA) was conducted on the hyperspectral images. Scores for images of the first six principal components (PCs) were used to qualitatively recognize the patterns among different varieties. Loadings of the first six PCs were used to identify the effective wavelengths (EWs)...
June 4, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866976/spatiotemporal-gait-variables-using-wavelets-for-an-objective-analysis-of-parkinson-disease
#14
Yor Castaño, Juan Arango, Andrés Navarro
Parkinson's disease generates a special interest in factors such as gait patterns, posture patterns, and risk of falls. The human gait pattern has a basic unit called the gait cycle, composed of two phases: stance and swing. Using gait analysis it is possible to get spatiotemporal variables as walking speed and step number derived from stance and swing phases. In this paper, we explore the feasibility of wavelet techniques to analyze gait signals, we use a member of Daubechies family to distinguish automatically gait phases, this approach allowed us to estimate spatiotemporal variables that shows significant differences between Parkinson patients and non-Parkinson patients, this result aims to allow clinical experts to easily diagnose and assess Parkinson patients, with short evaluation times and with non-invasive technologies...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860586/computer-aided-diagnosis-of-anterior-segment-eye-abnormalities-using-visible-wavelength-image-analysis-based-machine-learning
#15
Mahesh Kumar S V, Gunasundari R
Eye disease is a major health problem among the elderly people. Cataract and corneal arcus are the major abnormalities that exist in the anterior segment eye region of aged people. Hence, computer-aided diagnosis of anterior segment eye abnormalities will be helpful for mass screening and grading in ophthalmology. In this paper, we propose a multiclass computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system using visible wavelength (VW) eye images to diagnose anterior segment eye abnormalities. In the proposed method, the input VW eye images are pre-processed for specular reflection removal and the iris circle region is segmented using a circular Hough Transform (CHT)-based approach...
June 2, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858382/unraveling-the-underlying-arrhythmia-mechanism-in-persistent-atrial-fibrillation-results-from-the-starlight-study
#16
Nicholas Child, Richard H Clayton, Caroline R Roney, Jacob I Laughner, Allan Shuros, Petr Neuzil, Jan Petru, Tom Jackson, Bradley Porter, Julian Bostock, Steven A Niederer, Reza S Razavi, Christopher A Rinaldi, Peter Taggart, Matthew J Wright, Jaswinder Gill
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms that initiate and sustain persistent atrial fibrillation are not well characterized. Ablation results remain significantly worse than in paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in which the mechanism is better understood and subsequent targeted therapy has been developed. The aim of this study was to characterize and quantify patterns of activation during atrial fibrillation using contact mapping. METHODS: Patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (n=14; mean age, 61±8 years; ejection fraction, 59±10%) underwent simultaneous biatrial contact mapping with 64 electrode catheters...
June 2018: Circulation. Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29857678/nonlinear-dynamics-of-contact-interaction-of-a-size-dependent-plate-supported-by-a-size-dependent-beam
#17
J Awrejcewicz, V A Krysko, T V Yakovleva, S P Pavlov, V A Krysko
A mathematical model of complex vibrations exhibited by contact dynamics of size-dependent beam-plate constructions was derived by taking the account of constraints between these structural members. The governing equations were yielded by variational principles based on the moment theory of elasticity. The centre of the investigated plate was supported by a beam. The plate and the beam satisfied the Kirchhoff/Euler-Bernoulli hypotheses. The derived partial differential equations (PDEs) were reduced to the Cauchy problems by the Faedo-Galerkin method in higher approximations, whereas the Cauchy problem was solved using a few Runge-Kutta methods...
May 2018: Chaos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851995/interannual-changes-in-zooplankton-echo-subtropical-and-high-latitude-climate-effects-in-the-southern-east-china-sea
#18
Juan Carlos Molinero, Li-Chun Tseng, Celeste López Abbate, Eduardo Ramirez-Romero, Jiang-Shiou Hwang
Climate variability plays a central role in the dynamics of marine pelagic ecosystems shaping the structure and abundance changes of plankton communities, thereby affecting energy pathways and biogeochemical fluxes in the ocean. Here we have investigated complex interactions driven a climate-hydrology-plankton system in the southern East China Sea over the period 2000 to 2012. In particular, we aimed at quantifying the influence of climate phenomena playing out in tropical (El Nino 3.4) and middle-high latitudes (East Asia Winter Monsoon, EAWM, and Pacific Decadal Oscillation, PDO) on pelagic copepods...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850588/a-comparative-study-of-emg-indices-in-muscle-fatigue-evaluation-based-on-grey-relational-analysis-during-all-out-cycling-exercise
#19
Lejun Wang, Yuting Wang, Aidi Ma, Guoqiang Ma, Yu Ye, Ruijie Li, Tianfeng Lu
The increased popularization of cycling has brought an increase in cycling-related injuries, which has been suggested to be associated with muscle fatigue. However, it still remains unclear on the utility of different EMG indices in muscle fatigue evaluation induced by cycling exercise. In this study, ten cyclist volunteers performed a 30-second all-out cycling exercise after a warm-up period. Surface electromyography (sEMG) from vastus lateralis muscle (VL) and power output and cadence were recorded and EMG RMS, MF and MPF based on Fourier Transform, MDF and MNF based on wavelet packet transformation, and C(n) based on Lempel-Ziv complexity algorithm were calculated...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845087/evaluating-motion-processing-algorithms-for-use-with-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy-data-from-young-children
#20
Lourdes M Delgado Reyes, Kevin Bohache, Sobanawartiny Wijeakumar, John P Spencer
Motion artifacts are often a significant component of the measured signal in functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) experiments. A variety of methods have been proposed to address this issue, including principal components analysis (PCA), correlation-based signal improvement (CBSI), wavelet filtering, and spline interpolation. The efficacy of these techniques has been compared using simulated data; however, our understanding of how these techniques fare when dealing with task-based cognitive data is limited...
April 2018: Neurophotonics
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