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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222728/fetal-electrocardiogram-extraction-and-analysis-using-adaptive-noise-cancellation-and-wavelet-transformation-techniques
#1
P Sutha, V E Jayanthi
Birth defect-related demise is mainly due to congenital heart defects. In the earlier stage of pregnancy, fetus problem can be identified by finding information about the fetus to avoid stillbirths. The gold standard used to monitor the health status of the fetus is by Cardiotachography(CTG), cannot be used for long durations and continuous monitoring. There is a need for continuous and long duration monitoring of fetal ECG signals to study the progressive health status of the fetus using portable devices. The non-invasive method of electrocardiogram recording is one of the best method used to diagnose fetal cardiac problem rather than the invasive methods...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218072/spatial-multiresolution-analysis-of-the-effect-of-pm2-5-on-birth-weights
#2
Joseph Antonelli, Joel Schwartz, Itai Kloog, Brent A Coull
Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) measured at a given location is a mix of pollution generated locally and pollution traveling long distances in the atmosphere. Therefore, the identification of spatial scales associated with health effects can inform on pollution sources responsible for these effects, resulting in more targeted regulatory policy. Recently, prediction methods that yield high-resolution spatial estimates of PM2.5 exposures allow one to evaluate such scale-specific associations. We propose a two-dimensional wavelet decomposition that alleviates restrictive assumptions required for standard wavelet decompositions...
2017: Annals of Applied Statistics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216466/the-spatiotemporal-transmission-of-dengue-and-its-driving-mechanism-a-case-study-on-the-2014-dengue-outbreak-in-guangdong-china
#3
Guanghu Zhu, Jianpeng Xiao, Bing Zhang, Tao Liu, Hualiang Lin, Xing Li, Tie Song, Yonghui Zhang, Wenjun Ma, Yuantao Hao
Dengue transmission is a complex spatiotemporal process with hidden interactions between hosts, vectors, and viruses as well as environment. This study aims to identify the transmission patterns and the driving mechanism that contributed to the dengue epidemics occurred in Guangdong Province of China in 2014. Based on the city-specific epidemiological, meteorological, demographic and geographic data, we first performed wavelet analysis and then integrated the key dynamics (i.e., mosquito population dynamics, human movement, virus transmission, and parameter estimation) into a transmission model...
December 4, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215051/a-web-based-gps-system-for-displacement-monitoring-and-failure-mechanism-analysis-of-reservoir-landslide
#4
Yuanyao Li, Jinsong Huang, Shui-Hua Jiang, Faming Huang, Zhilu Chang
It is important to monitor the displacement time series and to explore the failure mechanism of reservoir landslide for early warning. Traditionally, it is a challenge to monitor the landslide displacements real-timely and automatically. Globe Position System (GPS) is considered as the best real-time monitoring technology, however, the accuracies of the landslide displacements monitored by GPS are not assessed effectively. A web-based GPS system is developed to monitor the landslide displacements real-timely and automatically in this study...
December 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209190/classification-of-eeg-signals-based-on-pattern-recognition-approach
#5
Hafeez Ullah Amin, Wajid Mumtaz, Ahmad Rauf Subhani, Mohamad Naufal Mohamad Saad, Aamir Saeed Malik
Feature extraction is an important step in the process of electroencephalogram (EEG) signal classification. The authors propose a "pattern recognition" approach that discriminates EEG signals recorded during different cognitive conditions. Wavelet based feature extraction such as, multi-resolution decompositions into detailed and approximate coefficients as well as relative wavelet energy were computed. Extracted relative wavelet energy features were normalized to zero mean and unit variance and then optimized using Fisher's discriminant ratio (FDR) and principal component analysis (PCA)...
2017: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205225/using-the-discrete-wavelet-transform-in-assessing-the-effectiveness-of-rehabilitation-in-patients-after-acl-reconstruction
#6
Adam Czaplicki, Wiesława Kuniszyk-Jóźkowiak, Janusz Jaszczuk, Marta Jarocka, Jacek Walawski
PURPOSE: The purpose of the current study was to assess the effectiveness of rehabilitation in patients after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) using a wavelet analysis of the torque-time curve patterns of the extensors of the affected knee. The analysis aimed at the quantitative evaluation of irregularities in these torque-time patterns. METHODS: The study involved a group of 22 men who had had ACL reconstruction. The torque-time characteristics were recorded 3, 6 and 12 months after the surgery by an isokinetic dynamometer...
2017: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201330/frame-based-ct-image-reconstruction-via-the-balanced-approach
#7
Weifeng Zhou, Hua Xiang
Frame-based regularization method as one kind of sparsity representation method has been developed in recent years and has been proved to be an efficient method for CT image reconstruction. However, most of the developed CT image reconstruction methods are analysis-based frame methods. This paper proposes a novel frame-based balanced hybrid model with two sparse regularization terms for CT image reconstruction. We generalize the fast alternating direction method to solve the proposed model so that every subproblem can be easily solved...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188743/a-case-study-on-discrete-wavelet-transform-based-hurst-exponent-for-epilepsy-detection
#8
Saiby Madan, Kajri Srivastava, A Sharmila, P Mahalakshmi
Epileptic seizures are manifestations of epilepsy. Careful analysis of EEG records can provide valuable insight and improved understanding of the mechanism causing epileptic disorders. The detection of epileptic form discharges in EEG is an important component in the diagnosis of epilepsy. As EEG signals are non-stationary, the conventional frequency and time domain analysis does not provide better accuracy. So, in this work an attempt has been made to provide an overview of the determination of epilepsy by implementation of Hurst exponent (HE)-based discrete wavelet transform techniques for feature extraction from EEG data sets obtained during ictal and pre ictal stages of affected person and finally classifying EEG signals using SVM and KNN Classifiers...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188389/performance-evaluation-of-time-frequency-distributions-for-ecg-signal-analysis
#9
Ahmed Faeq Hussein, Shaiful Jahari Hashim, Ahmad Fazli Abdul Aziz, Fakhrul Zaman Rokhani, Wan Azizun Wan Adnan
The non-stationary and multi-frequency nature of biomedical signal activities makes the use of time-frequency distributions (TFDs) for analysis inevitable. Time-frequency analysis provides simultaneous interpretations in both time and frequency domain enabling comprehensive explanation, presentation and interpretation of electrocardiogram (ECG) signals. The diversity of TFDs and specific properties for each type show the need to determine the best TFD for ECG analysis. In this study, a performance evaluation of five TFDs in term of ECG abnormality detection is presented...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183004/adaptive-suppression-of-power-line-interference-in-ultra-low-field-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-an-unshielded-environment
#10
Xiaolei Huang, Hui Dong, Yang Qiu, Bo Li, Quan Tao, Yi Zhang, Hans-Joachim Krause, Andreas Offenhäusser, Xiaoming Xie
Power-line harmonic interference and fixed-frequency noise peaks may cause stripe-artifacts in ultra-low field (ULF) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in an unshielded environment and in a conductively shielded room. In this paper we describe an adaptive suppression method to eliminate these artifacts in MRI images. This technique utilizes spatial correlation of the interference from different positions, and is realized by subtracting the outputs of the reference channel(s) from those of the signal channel(s) using wavelet analysis and the least squares method...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177997/study-on-diesel-vertical-migration-characteristics-and-mechanism-in-water-bearing-sand-stratum-using-an-automated-resistivity-monitoring-system
#11
Yuying Pan, Yonggang Jia, Yuhua Wang, Xin Xia, Lei Guo
Oil spills frequently occur on both land and sea. Petroleum in mobile phase will cause serious pollution in the sediment and can form a secondary pollution source. Therefore, it is very important to study the migration of petroleum in sediments ideally in a rapid and simplified approach. The release of diesel was simulated using fine beach sand to construct a model aquifer, and dynamic monitoring was carried out using an automated monitoring system including a resistivity probe originally developed by our research group...
November 24, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176895/functional-connectivity-analysis-of-distracted-drivers-based-on-the-wavelet-phase-coherence-of-functional-near-infrared-spectroscopy-signals
#12
Gongcheng Xu, Ming Zhang, Yan Wang, Zhian Liu, Congcong Huo, Zengyong Li, Mengyou Huo
The present study aimed to evaluate the functional connectivity (FC) in relevant cortex areas during simulated driving with distraction based on functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) method. Twelve subjects were recruited to perform three types of driving tasks, namely, straight driving, straight driving with secondary auditory task, and straight driving with secondary visual vigilance task, on a driving simulator. The wavelet amplitude (WA) and wavelet phase coherence (WPCO) of the fNIRS signals were calculated in six frequency intervals: I, 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175640/an-exploratory-study-examining-factors-underpinning-postural-instability-in-older-adults-with-idiopathic-neck-pain
#13
June Quek, Julia Treleaven, Ross A Clark, Sandra G Brauer
There is limited understanding of potential mechanisms underpinning postural control deficits in people with neck pain. This study examined several characteristics that might explain impaired postural stability in a group of older adults with neck pain, and compared the results in this cohort with that of asymptomatic controls. In this cross-sectional study we compared physical activity, lower limb motor and sensory function, vestibular and visual function, falls efficacy and dizziness handicap in 84 older adults with (n=35, age 69...
November 16, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175566/quality-enhancement-of-ultrasonic-tofd-signals-from-carbon-steel-weld-pad-with-notches
#14
K Manjula, K Vijayarekha, B Venkatraman
Welding is an integral part of component fabrication in industry. Even though the science and art of welding are more than 100 years old, defects continue to occur during welding. Codes of practice require that the welds be tested and evaluated. Conventionally ultrasonic testing has been widely applied in industry for the detection and evaluation of the flaws/defects in the weldments. With advances in sensor and signal analysis technologies, the last two decades have seen extensive developments in the field of ultrasonic testing...
November 6, 2017: Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167655/an-individual-finger-gesture-recognition-system-based-on-motion-intent-analysis-using-mechanomyogram-signal
#15
Huijun Ding, Qing He, Yongjin Zhou, Guo Dan, Song Cui
Motion-intent-based finger gesture recognition systems are crucial for many applications such as prosthesis control, sign language recognition, wearable rehabilitation system, and human-computer interaction. In this article, a motion-intent-based finger gesture recognition system is designed to correctly identify the tapping of every finger for the first time. Two auto-event annotation algorithms are firstly applied and evaluated for detecting the finger tapping frame. Based on the truncated signals, the Wavelet packet transform (WPT) coefficients are calculated and compressed as the features, followed by a feature selection method that is able to improve the performance by optimizing the feature set...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163072/altered-functional-brain-connectomes-between-sporadic-and-familial-parkinson-s-patients
#16
Yan Tang, Xue Xiao, Hua Xie, Chang-Min Wan, Li Meng, Zhen-Hua Liu, Wei-Hua Liao, Bei-Sha Tang, Ji-Feng Guo
Familial Parkinson's disease (PD) is often caused by mutation of a certain gene, while sporadic PD is associated with variants of genes which can influence the susceptibility to PD. The goal of this study was to investigate the difference between the two forms of PD in terms of brain abnormalities using resting-state functional MRI and graph theory. Thirty-one familial PD patients and 36 sporadic PD patients underwent resting-state functional MRI scanning. Frequency-dependent functional connectivity was calculated for each subject using wavelet-based correlations of BOLD signal over 246 brain regions from Brainnetome Atlas...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154143/investigation-of-various-factors-influencing-raman-spectra-interpretation-with-the-use-of-likelihood-ratio-approach
#17
Aleksandra Michalska, Agnieszka Martyna, Grzegorz Zadora
The main aim of this study was to verify whether selected analytical parameters may affect solving the comparison problem of Raman spectra with the use of the likelihood ratio (LR) approach. Firstly the LR methodologies developed for Raman spectra of blue automotive paints obtained with the use of 785nm laser source (results published by the authors previously) were implemented for good quality spectra recorded for these paints with the use of 514.5nm laser source. For LR models construction two types of variables were used i...
November 3, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149053/laser-induced-breakdown-spectroscopy-for-rapid-discrimination-of-heavy-metal-contaminated-seafood-tegillarca-granosa
#18
Guoli Ji, Pengchao Ye, Yijian Shi, Leiming Yuan, Xiaojing Chen, Mingshun Yuan, Dehua Zhu, Xi Chen, Xinyu Hu, Jing Jiang
Tegillarca granosa samples contaminated artificially by three kinds of toxic heavy metals including zinc (Zn), cadmium (Cd), and lead (Pb) were attempted to be distinguished using laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) technology and pattern recognition methods in this study. The measured spectra were firstly processed by a wavelet transform algorithm (WTA), then the generated characteristic information was subsequently expressed by an information gain algorithm (IGA). As a result, 30 variables obtained were used as input variables for three classifiers: partial least square discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), support vector machine (SVM), and random forest (RF), among which the RF model exhibited the best performance, with 93...
November 17, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145595/synchrony-weather-and-cycles-in-southern-pine-beetle-coleoptera-curculionidae
#19
John D Reeve
Spatial synchrony and cycles are common features of forest insect pests, but are often studied as separate phenomenon. Using time series of timber damage caused by Dendroctonus frontalis Zimmermann (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) (southern pine beetle) in 10 states within the southern United States, this study examines synchrony in D. frontalis abundance, the synchronizing effects of temperature extremes, and the evidence for shared cycles among state populations. Cross-correlation and cluster analyses are used to quantify synchrony across a range of geographic distances and to identify groups of states with synchronous dynamics...
November 14, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140294/a-human-body-pressure-distribution-imaging-system-based-on-wavelet-analysis-and-resistance-tomography
#20
Shuanfeng Zhao, Wenbo Wang, Wei Guo, Chuanwei Zhang
In this paper, a pressure distribution sensing system based on wavelet analysis and resistance tomography is proposed to overcome the shortcomings of a traditional electrode type pressure distribution sensor, which needs to be arranged with many electrodes and has a high production cost. The system uses ADS1256, a constant current source module, a serial communication module, a Raspberry host, a touch screen, and other components. The wavelet transform is used to preprocess the collected signal to improve the anti-jamming performance of the system...
November 15, 2017: Sensors
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