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Salix alba

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494361/biological-diversity-of-salix-taxa-in-cu-pb-and-zn-phytoextraction-from-soil
#1
Mirosław Mleczek, Paweł Rutkowski, Piotr Goliński, Zygmunt Kaczmarek, Kinga Szentner, Bogusława Waliszewska, Mariusz Stolarski, Stefan Szczukowski
The aim of the study was to estimate the efficiency of copper (Cu), lead (Pb) and zinc (Zn) phytoextraction by 145 Salix taxa cultivated in an area affected by industrial activity. Survivability and biomass of plants were also analyzed. The highest Cu, Pb and Zn content in shoots was respectively: 33.38±2.91 (S. purpurea × viminalis 8), 24.64±1.97 (S. fragilis 1) and 58.99±4.30 (S. eriocephala 7) mg kg(-1) dry weight, respectively. In the case of unwashed leaves, the highest content of these metals was : 135...
August 5, 2016: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26630428/herbal-medicine-for-low-back-pain-a-cochrane-review
#2
REVIEW
Joel J Gagnier, Hanna Oltean, Maurits W van Tulder, Brian M Berman, Claire Bombardier, Christopher B Robbins
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of herbal medicine for nonspecific low back pain (LBP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Many people with chronic LBP use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), visit CAM practitioners, or both. Several herbal medicines have been purported for use in treating people with LBP. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2006...
January 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26525493/ethyl-acetate-salix-alba-leaves-extract-loaded-chitosan-based-hydrogel-film-for-wound-dressing-applications
#3
Mohammad A Qureshi, Fehmeeda Khatoon, Moshahid A Rizvi, Md Zafaryab
High toxicity and multidrug resistance associated with various standard antimicrobial drugs have necessitated search for safer alternatives in plant-derived materials. In this study, we performed biological examination of chitosan-based hydrogel film loaded with ethyl acetate Salix alba leaves extract against 11 standard laboratory strains. FTIR showed regeneration of saccharide peak in CP1A at 1047 cm(-1) and increased in height of other peaks. DSC exothermic decomposition peaks at 112 °C, 175 °C and 251 °C reveal the effect of extract on hydrogel film...
2015: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26403243/characterisation-of-seven-inocybe-ectomycorrhizal-morphotypes-from-a-semiarid-woody-steppe
#4
Diána Seress, Bálint Dima, Gábor M Kovács
Ectomycorrhizas (ECM) of Inocybe species (Inocybaceae, Basidiomycota) formed by three host plant species (Populus alba, Salix rosmarinifolia and Pinus nigra) in a semiarid woody steppe of Hungary were studied. To identify the fungal partners, we performed phylogenetic analyses of nucleotide sequences for the internal transcribed spacer region of nuclear DNA (nrDNA ITS) together with sequences gained from public databases. Seven Inocybe ectomycorrhiza morphotypes were morpho-anatomically characterised. Five morphotypes were identified (I...
April 2016: Mycorrhiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25997859/efficacy-and-safety-of-white-willow-bark-salix-alba-extracts
#5
REVIEW
Mohd Shara, Sidney J Stohs
Willow bark extract has been used for thousands of years as an anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, and analgesic. In spite of its long history of use, relatively few human and animal studies have been published that confirm anecdotal observations. A small number of clinical studies have been conducted that support the use of willow bark extracts in chronic lower back and joint pain and osteoarthritis. Willow bark extracts also are widely used in sports performance and weight loss products presumably because of anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities, although no human studies have been published that specifically and directly document beneficial effects...
August 2015: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25942689/phytoremediation-of-metal-contaminated-soil-using-willow-exploiting-plant-associated-bacteria-to-improve-biomass-production-and-metal-uptake
#6
Jolien Janssen, Nele Weyens, Sarah Croes, Bram Beckers, Linda Meiresonne, Pierre Van Peteghem, Robert Carleer, Jaco Vangronsveld
Short rotation coppice (SRC) of willow and poplar is proposed for economic valorization and concurrently as remediation strategy for metal contaminated land in northeast-Belgium. However, metal phytoextraction appears insufficient to effectuate rapid reduction of soil metal contents. To increase both biomass production and metal accumulation of SRC, two strategies are proposed: (i) in situ selection of the best performing clones and (ii) bioaugmentation of these clones with beneficial plant-associated bacteria...
2015: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25821257/ectomycorrhizal-community-structure-of-salix-and-betula-spp-at-a-saline-site-in-central-poland-in-relation-to-the-seasons-and-soil-parameters
#7
Katarzyna Hrynkiewicz, Sonia Szymańska, Agnieszka Piernik, Dominika Thiem
Saline stress is one of the most important abiotic factors limiting the growth and development of plants and associated microorganisms. While the impact of salinity on associations of arbuscular fungi is relatively well understood, knowledge of the ectomycorrhizal (EM) fungi of trees growing on saline land is limited. The main objective of this study was to determine the density and diversity of EM fungi associated with three tree species, Salix alba, Salix caprea and Betula pendula, growing in saline soil during two seasons, autumn and spring...
2015: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25771355/an-ethnobotanical-survey-of-medicinal-plants-in-western-part-of-central-taurus-mountains-aladaglar-nigde-turkey
#8
Ebru Özdemir, Kerim Alpınar
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: With this study, we aimed to document traditional uses of medicinal plants in the western part of Aladaglar/Nigde. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted between 2003 and 2005. The research area was in the western part of the Aladaglar mountains. The settlements in Aladaglar (5 towns and 10 villages) were visited during the field work. The plants collected by the help of medicinal plant users. The plants were identified and voucher specimens prepared...
May 26, 2015: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25536022/herbal-medicine-for-low-back-pain
#9
REVIEW
Hanna Oltean, Chris Robbins, Maurits W van Tulder, Brian M Berman, Claire Bombardier, Joel J Gagnier
BACKGROUND: Low-back pain (LBP) is a common condition and imposes a substantial economic burden upon people living in industrialized societies. A large proportion of people with chronic LBP use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM), visit CAM practitioners, or both. Several herbal medicines have been purported for use in treating people with LBP. This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2006. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness of herbal medicine for non-specific LBP...
December 23, 2014: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25442294/melampsora-rust-species-on-biomass-willows-in-central-and-north-eastern-germany
#10
Ben Bubner, Sebastian Wunder, Irmtraut Zaspel, Matthias Zander, Jan Gloger, Steffen Fehrenz, Christian Ulrichs
Melampsora willow rusts are the most important fungal pathogens in short rotation coppices of biomass willows. In the past, breeding programmes for rust resistant biomass willows concentrated on the distinction of races within the forma specialis Melampsora larici-epitea f. sp. larici-epitea typica that colonized Salix viminalis and related clones. In a new breeding program that is based on a wider range of willow species it is necessary to identify further Melampsora species and formae specialis that are pathogens of willow species other than S...
November 2014: Fungal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25265326/perspectives-on-screening-winter-flood-tolerant-woody-species-in-the-riparian-protection-forests-of-the-three-gorges-reservoir
#11
Fan Yang, Yong Wang, Zhulong Chan
The establishment of riparian protection forests in the Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) is an ideal measure to cope with the eco-environmental problems of the water-level fluctuation zone (WLFZ). Thus, the information for screening winter-flood-tolerant woody plant species is useful for the recovery and re-establishment of the riparian protection forests in the TGR WLFZ. Therefore, we discussed the possibilities of constructing and popularizing riparian protection forests in the TGR WLFZ from several aspects, including the woody plant species distribution in the WLFZ, the survival rate analyses of suitable candidate woody species under controlled flooding conditions, the survival rate investigation of some woody plant species planted in the TGR WLFZ, and the physiological responses of some woody plant species during the recovery stage after winter floods...
2014: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24933908/physiological-and-proteomic-responses-of-different-willow-clones-salix-fragilis-x-alba-exposed-to-dredged-sediment-contaminated-by-heavy-metals
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Aricia Evlard, Kjell Sergeant, Salvador Ferrandis, Bruno Printz, Jenny Renaut, Cedric Guignard, Roger Paul, Jean-Francois Hausman, Bruno Campanella
High biomass producing species are considered as tools for remediation of contaminated soils. Willows (Salix spp.) are prominent study subjects in this regard. In this study, different willow clones (Salix fragilis x alba) were planted on heavy-metal polluted dredging sludge. A first objective was assessment of the biomass production for these clones. Using a Gupta statistic, four clones were identified as high biomass producers (HBP). For comparison, a group of four clones with lowest biomass production were selected (LBP)...
2014: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24897794/wood-specific-gravity-variation-among-five-important-hardwood-species-of-kashmir-himalaya
#13
Bilal Ahmad Wani, R H Bodha, Amina Khan
Wood Specific Gravity (SG) is a measure of the amount of structural material a tree species allocates to support and strength. In the present study, specific gravity varied among the five different woods at three different sites from 0.40 in Populus nigra at site III (Shopian) to 0.80 in Parrotiopsis jacquemontiana at site II (Surasyar). Among the three different sites, specific gravity varied from 0.73 to 0.80 in Parroptiosis jacquemontiana; in Robinia pseudoacacia it varied from 0.71 to 0.79; in Salix alba, it varied from 0...
February 1, 2014: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24734067/ethno-medicinal-plants-used-to-cure-jaundice-by-traditional-healers-of-mashhad-iran
#14
Mohammad Sadegh Amiri, Mohammad Reza Joharchi, Mohammad Ehsan Taghavizadehyazdi
Jaundice is the commonest ailments affecting the citizens of both developed and poor Asians countries including Iran. An ethnobotanical survey of plants used by the traditional healers for the treatment of jaundice was conducted in the Mashhad city, Northeastern Iran. A total of 37 plants belonging to 32 genera and 26 families have been documented for their therapeutic use against jaundice. The plant families which contained the most commonly used species for their effects are: Fabaceae (5 species), Polygonaceae (4 sp...
2014: Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research: IJPR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24696660/bioaccessibility-in-vitro-of-nutraceuticals-from-bark-of-selected-salix-species
#15
Urszula Gawlik-Dziki, Danuta Sugier, Dariusz Dziki, Piotr Sugier
The aim of this study was to investigate and to compare the extractability, bioaccessibility, and bioavailability in vitro of antioxidative compounds from bark of selected Salix species: S. alba (SA), S. daphnoides (SD), S. purpurea (SP), and S. daphnoides x purpurea (SDP) hybrid willow clones originating from their natural habitats and cultivated on the sandy soil. The highest amount of phenolic glycosides was found in the bark of SDP and SD. The best source of phenolics was bark of SDP. The highest content of flavonoids were found in SD bark samples, whereas the highest concentration of bioaccessible and bioavailable phenolic acids was determined in SDP bark...
2014: TheScientificWorldJournal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24561898/leaf-litter-decomposition-in-torna-stream-before-and-after-a-red-mud-disaster
#16
T Kucserka, Kata Karádi-Kovács, M Vass, G B Selmeczy, Katalin Eszter Hubai, Viktória Üveges, I Kacsala, N Törő, Judit Padisák
The aim of the study was to estimate the breakdown of the allochthonous litter in an artificial stream running in an agricultural area and compare it with the same values following a toxic mud spill into the same stream. Litter bags were filled with three types of leaves (Quercus robur, Populus tremula and Salix alba) and placed to the bottom of the river. Ergosterol was used to detect fungal biomass. We supposed the absence of fungi and the retardation of leaf litter decomposition. Only pH and conductivity increased significantly...
March 2014: Acta Biologica Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24435177/quantitative-analysis-of-seasonal-variation-in-the-amino-acids-in-phloem-sap-of-salix-alba-l
#17
P M Leckstein, M Llewellyn
Phloem sap of Salix alba L. was collected at monthly intervals between May and October. Amino acid analysis was carried out by ion exchange chromatography. The concentrations of individual amino acids are reported.
January 1975: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24401532/a-preliminary-investigation-of-anticholinesterase-activity-of-some-iranian-medicinal-plants-commonly-used-in-traditional-medicine
#18
Seyed Behzad Jazayeri, Arash Amanlou, Naghmeh Ghanadian, Parvin Pasalar, Massoud Amanlou
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity of some commonly used herbal medicine in Iran to introduce a new source for management of Alzheimer's disease. A total of 18 aqueous-methanolic extract (1:1; v/v) from the following plants: Brassica alba, Brassica nigra, Camellia sinensis, Cinchona officinalis, Citrus aurantifolia, Citrus x aurantium, Ferula assafoetida, Humulus lupulus, Juglans regia, Juniperus sabina, Myristica fragrans, Pelargonium graveolens, Pistacia vera, Punica granatum, Rheum officinale, Rosa damascena, Salix alba, and Zizyphus vulgaris were prepared and screened for their acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity using in vitro Ellman spectrophotometric method...
January 8, 2014: Daru: Journal of Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24336112/phylogenetic-relationships-between-four-salix-l-species-based-on-dart-markers
#19
Jerzy A Przyborowski, Paweł Sulima, Anna Kuszewska, Dariusz Załuski, Andrzej Kilian
The objectives of this study were to evaluate the usefulness of DArT markers in genotypic identification of willow species and describe genetic relationships between four willow species: Salix viminalis, S. purpurea, S. alba and S. triandra. The experimental plant material comprised 53 willow genotypes of these four species, which are popularly grown in Poland. DArT markers seem to identify Salix species with a high degree of accuracy. As a result, the examined species were divided into four distinct groups which corresponded to the four analyzed species...
2013: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24193535/symplastic-isolation-of-the-sieve-element-companion-cell-complex-in-the-phloem-of-ricinus-communis-and-salix-alba-stems
#20
A J van Bel, R Kempers
The anatomical and physiological isolation of the sieve element-companion cell complex (se-cc complex) was investigated in stems of Ricinus communis L. and Salix alba L. In Ricinus, the plasmodesmatal frequencies were in the proportions 8∶1∶2∶30, in the order given, at the interfaces between sieve tube-companion cell, sieve tube-phloem parenchyma cell, companion cellphloem parenchyma cell, and phloem parenchyma cellphloem parenchyma cell. The membrane potentials of the se-cc complex and the surrounding phloem-parenchyma cells sharply contrasted: the membrane potential of the se-cc complex was about twice as negative as that of the phloem parenchyma...
December 1991: Planta
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