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Serena L Orr
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nutraceuticals are a form of complementary and alternative medicine that is commonly used by children and adolescents with migraine. In this review, observational studies, randomized controlled trials, systematic reviews, and meta-analyses on the efficacy and safety of single compound nutraceuticals for the management of migraine in children and adolescents were identified through a literature search of MEDLINE, Embase, and EBM Reviews-Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials...
April 4, 2018: Current Pain and Headache Reports
Sibylle Meier, Manuel Haschke, Catherine Zahner, Esther Kruttschnitt, Jürgen Drewe, Evangelia Liakoni, Felix Hammann, Jens Gaab
BACKGROUND: Considering the negative effects of stress on health, there is a growing interest in stress-reducing interventions. The present study examines the effects of a fixed combination of valerian, passion flower, lemon balm, and butterbur extracts (Ze 185) on biological and affective responses to a standardized psychosocial stress paradigm. PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of Ze 185 on cortisol and anxiety stress responses to acute psychosocial stress in healthy subjects...
January 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Silvia Benemei, Francesco De Logu, Simone Li Puma, Ilaria Maddalena Marone, Elisabetta Coppi, Filippo Ugolini, Wolfgang Liedtke, Federica Pollastro, Giovanni Appendino, Pierangelo Geppetti, Serena Materazzi, Romina Nassini
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The mechanism of the anti-migraine action of extracts of butterbur [Petasites hybridus (L.) Gaertn.] is unknown. Here, we investigated the ability of isopetasin, a major constituent of these extracts, to specifically target TRPA1 channel and to affect functional responses relevant to migraine. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Single-cell calcium imaging and patch-clamp recordings in human and rodent TRPA1-expressing cells, neurogenic motor responses in rodent isolated urinary bladder, release of CGRP from mouse spinal cord in vitro and facial rubbing in mice and meningeal blood flow in rats were examined...
September 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
R Sangermani, A Boncimino
Nutraceutics are the most used non-pharmacological remedies for migraine's prophylaxis in children and adolescents. Doctors interested in use of nutraceuticals for a complete treatment of children's headache should be adequately informed on this treatments' efficacy and safety. Actually there is a lack of official guidelines about use of nutraceuticals in migraine's prevention in children and adolescent and there are few studies with limited efficacy evidences. The most used nutraceuticals for adolescent's and children's headache prophylaxis are: magnesium, coenzyme Q10, riboflavin, butterbur, feverfew and melatonin...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
Florindo D'Onofrio, Simona Raimo, Daniele Spitaleri, Gerardo Casucci, Gennaro Bussone
Several studies have supported the efficacy of complementary and alternative medicine approaches (physical, behavioral and nutraceutical therapies) in the treatment of headache disorders. Nutraceutical treatment consists of taking vitamins, supplements (magnesium, riboflavin, coenzyme Q10, and alpha lipoic acid) and herbal preparations (feverfew and butterbur), and its usage is frequently determined by dissatisfaction with conventional medical therapies. There is a growing body of research on nutraceutical use for migraine prophylaxis...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
Han Sol Lee, Sung-Woo Kim, A M Abd El-Aty, Hyung Suk Chung, Md Humayun Kabir, Md Musfiqur Rahman, Ji Hoon Jeong, Byung-Joon Chang, Ho-Chul Shin, Jae-Han Shim
An analytical method was developed to quantify the residual levels of the neonicotinoid insecticides, acetamiprid and thiacloprid, in field-incurred butterbur samples using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Samples were extracted with acetonitrile and partitioned with dichloromethane. After partitioning, purification was conducted using a Florisil(®) cartridge. Linearity of a matrix-matched calibration curve of the two compounds over a concentration range of 0.004-0.4μg/g was excellent, with determination coefficients (R(2))≥0...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Oana Cristina Şeremet, Florica Bărbuceanu, Floriana Elvira Ionică, Denisa Marilena Margină, Claudia Maria GuŢu, Octavian Tudorel Olaru, Mihaela Ilie, Veaceslav Gonciar, Simona Negreş, Cornel ChiriŢă
Pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) are a class of toxic compounds which are found in plants. Poisoning caused by these toxins is associated with acute and chronic liver damage. Tussilago farfara (coltsfoot), Petasites hybridus (common butterbur), Senecio vernalis (eastern groundsel) and Symphytum officinale (comfrey) are traditional phytotherapic species, which beside the therapeutic bioactive compounds contain PAs. The aim of the paper was to assess the safety of some dry extracts obtained from these species. For the determination of acute toxicity, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Guideline No...
2016: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
Md Musfiqur Rahman, A M Abd El-Aty, Sung-Woo Kim, Tae-Woong Na, Ho-Chul Shin, Su-Myeong Hong, Jae-Han Shim
An effective analytical method was developed for the detection and quantification of polyoxin D in butterbur using ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). Samples were extracted using acidified deionised water and purified via solid-phase extraction (SPE) using an HLB cartridge. An external matrix-matched standard calibration curve was prepared, which provided an excellent linearity with a coefficient of determination (R(2)) ⩾0.999. Limits of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ) were 0...
April 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
Mizue Okada, Yoshinori Okada
The aim of this study is to examine the amyloid β (Aβ) inhibition mechanism of plant sprouts' aqueous extracts (PSAE). In this study, we screened the effects of five plant sprouts' extracts on Aβ (1-42) structure modification using gel electrophoresis. In PSAE, no band of Aβ monomer was recognized in Japanese butterbur. Similarly, the Aβ monomer band became light in buckwheat, red cabbage, broccoli, and brussels. The neuroprotective effects of PSAE were evaluated by measuring levels of Aβ in mixtures (Aβ  and PSAE) with Aβ ELISA assay...
2016: Biochemistry Research International
Margaret Slavin, Julia Bourguignon, Kyle Jackson, Michael-Angelo Orciga
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is a pivotal messenger in the inflammatory process in migraine. Limited evidence indicates that diet impacts circulating levels of CGRP, suggesting that certain elements in the diet may influence migraine outcomes. Interruption of calcium signaling, a mechanism which can trigger CGRP release, has been suggested as one potential route by which exogenous food substances may impact CGRP secretion. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of foods and a dietary supplement on two migraine-related mechanisms in vitro: CGRP secretion from neuroendocrine CA77 cells, and calcium uptake by differentiated PC12 cells...
July 1, 2016: Nutrients
Sita Kedia
In this article, the use of complementary and integrative medicine for the management of pediatric headache is reviewed. Despite limited numbers of studies for pediatric headaches, children and families seek these services. Integrative medicine focuses on treating the whole person, integrating conventional medicine with mind-body-spirit methods. Nutriceuticals include dietary supplements in the form of vitamins (vitamin D), minerals (magnesium), coenzyme Q, butterbur, and melatonin. Acupuncture, stimulation, physical therapy and Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulations (TENS) or Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) may also be useful in selected patients...
February 2016: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
Thilinie Rajapakse, Tamara Pringsheim
BACKGROUND: The use of nutraceuticals or food/herbal products for health benefits is expanding in adults with migraine as they seek relief from pain in an effective and tolerable manner not always afforded by current conventional pharmacologic therapies. Guidelines from the American Academy of Neurology/American Headache Society, Canadian Headache Society, and European Federation of Neurological Societies have discussed nutraceuticals in varying degrees of detail with at times conflicting recommendations...
April 2016: Headache
Young-Whan Choi, Kyoung-Pil Lee, Jung-Min Kim, Saeromi Kang, Soo-Jin Park, Jung-Min Lee, Hyung Ryong Moon, Jee H Jung, Young-Geun Lee, Dong-Soon Im
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The giant butterbur Petasites japonicus is used to treat asthma and allergic diseases in traditional Korean, Japanese, and Chinese medicine. AIM OF THE STUDY: To elucidate the anti-allergic effect of Petasites genus, we studied effects of several compounds from Petasites japonicus leaves and found a novel bakkenolide-type sesquiterpine. In the present study, anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory effects of the new compound was examined using in vivo and in vitro experiments...
February 3, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Kam L Hon, Ching K Fung, Alexander K C Leung, Hung S Lam, So L Lee
Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a common respiratory disease affecting both adults and children worldwide. Affected patients may experience nasal congestion/stuffiness, rhinorrhea (anterior and/or posterior), nasal/ nasopharyngeal itching and sneezing. Allergen avoidance is the principal step in the management. Nasal saline irrigation to remove allergen (s) in the nose is a useful adjunctive therapy in the management of moderate to severe AR. Symptomatic relief and improved quality of life may be achieved in the majority of patients with appropriate pharmacotherapy...
2015: Recent Patents on Inflammation & Allergy Drug Discovery
Stephen D Silberstein
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews the evidence base for the preventive treatment of migraine. RECENT FINDINGS: Evidence-based guidelines for the preventive treatment of migraine have recently been published by the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) and the Canadian Headache Society (CHS), providing valuable guidance for clinicians. Strong evidence exists to support the use of metoprolol, timolol, propranolol, divalproex sodium, sodium valproate, and topiramate for migraine prevention, according to the AAN...
August 2015: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
Hyun Jung Kim, Song Yi Park, Hye Min Lee, Dong Ik Seo, Young-Min Kim
Traditional medicinal plants have been used in the treatment of various diseases for centuries. A number of plant-derived compounds have been proposed as anticancer agents and are currently undergoing medical development. Petasites japonicus (PJ), also known as Butterbur, is a herb cultivated in East Asia that is used as a traditional herbal medicine. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether a methanol extract of PJ demonstrated anticancer activity against Hep3B hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells...
May 2015: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Kyoung-Pil Lee, Saeromi Kang, Min-Soo Noh, Soo-Jin Park, Jung-Min Kim, Hae Young Chung, Nam Kyung Je, Young-Geun Lee, Young-Whan Choi, Dong-Soon Im
To explore the anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory effects of extracts of Petasites genus, we studied the effects of s-petasin, a major sesquiterpene from Petasites formosanus (a butterbur species) on asthma and peritonitis models. In an ovalbumin-induced mouse asthma model, s-petasin significantly inhibited the accumulations of eosinophils, macrophages, and lymphocytes in bronchoalveolar fluids. S-petasin inhibited the antigen-induced degranulation of β-hexosamidase but did not inhibit intracellular Ca(2+) increase in RBL-2H3 mast cells...
January 2015: Biomolecules & Therapeutics
Keiko Tagami, Shigeo Uchida
Concentrations of (137)Cs and (40)K in different tissues of edible wild herbaceous plants, that is, leaf blade and petiole for giant butterbur (Petasites japonicas (Siebold et Zucc.) Maxim.), and leaf, stem and strobilus for fertile shoot of field horsetail (Equisetum arvense L.) were measured in 2012-2014 to clarify the effect in Japan from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. The concentrations of (137)Cs decreased with time with effective half-lives of ca. 450 d and 360 d for giant butterbur and field horsetail, respectively...
March 2015: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
Eun-Ju Yang, Geum-Soog Kim, Mira Jun, Kyung-Sik Song
It is thought that the neuronal cell loss caused by oxidative stress is the primary mechanism underlying the pathogenesis of several neurodegenerative disorders. Glutamate is an endogenous neurotransmitter, but at high concentrations it can act as a neurotoxicant by increasing the intracellular levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Therefore, the development of factors that can attenuate glutamate-induced oxidative stress in neuronal cells is a good strategy by which new drugs could be discovered that may treat or prevent neurodegenerative diseases...
July 25, 2014: Food & Function
Serena L Orr, Sunita Venkateswaran
INTRODUCTION: The literature on complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is expanding. One of the most common conditions for which CAM is studied in the pediatric population is migraine. Nutraceuticals are a form of CAM that is being used for pediatric migraine prophylaxis. METHODS: A literature search was carried out in order to identify both observational studies and randomized controlled trials on the use of nutraceuticals for the prophylaxis of pediatric migraine...
July 2014: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
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