Read by QxMD icon Read


He Zhang, Yantian Ma, Pu Liu, Xiangkai Li
EmrAB operon is known for multidrug resistance in bacteria and yet has not been reported related to heavy metal resistance or antibiotics/heavy metal co-resistance. Strain Staphylococcus aureus LZ-01 which was isolated from industrial wastewater discharging site can co-resist to 6 mM Cr(VI) and 0.75 mg/ml ampicillin. Transcriptome data showed that an emrAB operon was upregulated (1.29-folds for emrA, 2.14-folds for emrB) under 0.4 mM Cr(VI) treatment. Quantitative PCR results revealed that this operon was upregulated (1...
2016: SpringerPlus
Dong Wang, Fiona B Mulvey, Jeff B Pelz, Kenneth Holmqvist
The precision of an eye-tracker is critical to the correct identification of eye movements and their properties. To measure a system's precision, artificial eyes (AEs) are often used, to exclude eye movements influencing the measurements. A possible issue, however, is that it is virtually impossible to construct AEs with sufficient complexity to fully represent the human eye. To examine the consequences of this limitation, we tested currently used AEs from three manufacturers of eye-trackers and compared them to a more complex model, using 12 commercial eye-trackers...
July 6, 2016: Behavior Research Methods
Sara Cantisán, Aurora Páez-Vega, Pilar Pérez-Romero, Miguel Montejo, Elisa Cordero, Irene Gracia-Ahufinger, Cecilia Martín-Gandul, Naroa Maruri, Rocío Aguado, Rafael Solana, Julián Torre-Cisneros
The present study aimed to determine whether antiviral prevention strategies against cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection used in high-risk D+R- solid organ transplanted patients can modulate the impact of CMV replication on CD8(+) T-cell differentiation. The different CD8(+) T-cell subpopulations were measured at a single point when at least one year had elapsed since transplantation. A total of 68 D+R- patients were included, of which 33 underwent pre-emptive therapy and 35 received prophylaxis. Multivariate analysis showed that CMV replication was associated with the expansion of CD28־ EMRA CD8(+) T cells in patients managed pre-emptively but not in patients under prophylaxis (21...
August 2016: Antiviral Research
Raúl Periáñez, Kathleen M Thiessen, Sohan L Chouhan, Francesco Mancini, Emilie Navarro, Gert Sdouz, Dejan Trifunović
An intercomparison of atmospheric dispersion models has been carried out for a hypothetical accident occurring in a nuclear power plant in the center of Spain. The accident consisted of a steam generator tube rupture, and two radionuclides have been considered for the exercise: 137-Cs and 131-I. Meteorological conditions and radionuclide release rates were supplied. Models provided deposition maps, timeintegrated concentrations in air and arrival times of the plumes to specific locations. The effect of the meteorological conditions used in the modelling was clear, with different behavior of the plume with neutral stability vs...
June 4, 2016: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
Matthew K Theisen, Jimmy G Lafontaine Rivera, James C Liao
Stability in a metabolic system may not be obtained if incorrect amounts of enzymes are used. Without stability, some metabolites may accumulate or deplete leading to the irreversible loss of the desired operating point. Even if initial enzyme amounts achieve a stable steady state, changes in enzyme amount due to stochastic variations or environmental changes may move the system to the unstable region and lose the steady-state or quasi-steady-state flux. This situation is distinct from the phenomenon characterized by typical sensitivity analysis, which focuses on the smooth change before loss of stability...
March 2016: PLoS Computational Biology
James E Turner, Alex J Wadley, Sarah Aldred, James P Fisher, Jos A Bosch, John P Campbell
PURPOSE: This study investigated whether natural killer (NK) cells and CD8+ T cells expressing cutaneous lymphocyte antigen (CLA)-a homing molecule for endothelial cell leukocyte adhesion molecule 1, which enables transmigration to the skin-are selectively mobilized in response to acute exercise. METHODS: Nine healthy men (mean ± SD age: 22.1 ± 3.4 yr) completed two exercise sessions: high-intensity continuous cycling ("continuous exercise" at 80% V˙O2max for 20 min) and low-volume high-intensity interval exercise (at 90% V˙O2max 10 × 1 min repetitions with 1 min recovery intervals)...
July 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Ekua W Brenu, Simon Broadley, Thao Nguyen, Samantha Johnston, Sandra Ramos, Don Staines, Sonya Marshall-Gradisnik
Background. CD8+ T cells have putative roles in the regulation of adaptive immune responses during infection. The purpose of this paper is to compare the status of CD8+ T cells in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (CFS/ME). Methods. This preliminary investigation comprised 23 CFS/ME patients, 11 untreated MS patients, and 30 nonfatigued controls. Whole blood samples were collected from participants, stained with monoclonal antibodies, and analysed on the flow cytometer...
2016: Journal of Immunology Research
Çağdaş Kalkan, Irfan Soykan, Çiğdem Soydal, Elgin Özkan, Emra Kalkan
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Symptoms of patients with autoimmune gastritis are not specific, and some patients may present symptoms suggestive of delayed gastric emptying. This study aims to investigate whether any delay in gastric emptying of solid food exists in patients with autoimmune gastritis and, if so, to identify the factors that might affect delayed gastric emptying. METHODS: A total of 165 patients (106 women) diagnosed as having autoimmune gastritis were analyzed by means of a gastric emptying test...
June 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Jerrald L Rector, G Neil Thomas, Victoria E Burns, Jennifer B Dowd, Raphael M Herr, Paul A Moss, Marc N Jarczok, Kristina Hoffman, Joachim E Fischer, Jos A Bosch
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Biological ageing of the immune system, or immunosenescence, predicts poor health and increased mortality. A hallmark of immunosenescence is the accumulation of differentiated cytotoxic T cells (CD27(-)CD45RA(+/-); or dCTLs), partially driven by infection with the cytomegalovirus (CMV). Immune impairments reminiscent of immunosenescence are also observed in hyperglycaemia, and in vitro studies have illustrated mechanisms by which elevated glucose can lead to increased dCTLs...
November 2015: Diabetologia
G Eleftheriou, L Monte, J E Brittain, C Tsabaris
A radiological model for (137)Cs and (90)Sr dispersion in the marine environment of the Thermaikos Gulf, Greece, and the river catchments draining into the Gulf, is presented. The model, developed and implemented within the MOIRA-PLUS decision support system, integrates appropriate site-specific information. The model's performance has been tested using the available empirical (137)Cs activity concentration data in abiotic and biotic components of the gulf since the Chernobyl accident. Further, this paper describes the results of a modelling exercise performed within the IAEA's EMRAS II international modelling programme to estimate the environmental sensitivity of this characteristic Mediterranean coastal marine environment following radioactive contamination...
November 15, 2015: Science of the Total Environment
Ming-Feng Lin, Yun-You Lin, Chi-Chao Tu, Chung-Yu Lan
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Efflux pumps are one of the major mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii. This study aimed to understand the distribution of different types of pump genes in clinical isolates of multidrug-resistant A. baumannii (MDRAB) and to reveal the relationship between their presence and expression with antimicrobial resistance. METHODS: MDRAB isolates were collected from five hospitals in Taiwan. Different categories of pump genes, including adeB, adeJ, macB, abeM, abeS, emrA-like, emrB-like, and craA, were chosen, and their presence in the collected isolates was determined...
May 14, 2015: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
Sian M Henson, Richard Macaulay, Natalie E Riddell, Craig J Nunn, Arne N Akbar
Immune enhancement is desirable in situations where decreased immunity results in increased morbidity. We investigated whether blocking the surface inhibitory receptor PD-1 and/or p38 MAP kinase could enhance the proliferation of the effector memory CD8(+) T-cell subset that re-expresses CD45RA (EMRA) and exhibits characteristics of senescence, which include decreased proliferation and telomerase activity but increased expression of the DNA damage response related protein γH2AX. Blocking of both PD-1 and p38 MAPK signaling in these cells enhanced proliferation and the increase was additive when both pathways were inhibited simultaneously in both young and old human subjects...
May 2015: European Journal of Immunology
K Stark, P Andersson, N A Beresford, T L Yankovich, M D Wood, M P Johansen, J Vives i Batlle, J Twining, D-K Keum, A Bollhöfer, C Doering, B Ryan, M Grzechnik, H Vandenhove
Many wetlands support high biodiversity and are protected sites, but some are contaminated with radionuclides from routine or accidental releases from nuclear facilities. This radiation exposure needs to be assessed to demonstrate radiological protection of the environment. Existing biota dose models cover generic terrestrial, freshwater, and marine ecosystems, not wetlands specifically. This paper, which was produced under IAEA's Environmental Modelling for Radiation Safety (EMRAS) II programme, describes an evaluation of how models can be applied to radionuclide contaminated wetlands...
January 2015: Environmental Pollution
Maria Luisa Pita-Lopez, Pablo Cesar Ortiz-Lazareno, Monica Navarro-Meza, Felipe Santoyo-Telles, Oscar Peralta-Zaragoza
BACKGROUND: In response to antigen naive CD8+, T cells differentiate into effector cells, which express Natural killer (NK) receptors, lose CD28 expression, and die by apoptosis. However, in smaller quantities, the cells are retained for subsequent exposure to the same antigen. Knowledge is limited regarding whether the percentages of CD28-, Effector memory (EMRA(null/dim)), and the CD16+/CD56 + CD8+ T cells of women with low-grade cervical lesions are altered at a systemic level...
2014: Cancer Cell International
Jin-Hyung Lee, Yong-Guy Kim, Kwang-Hyun Baek, Moo Hwan Cho, Jintae Lee
Bacteria utilize signal molecules to ensure their survival in environmental niches, and indole is an interspecies and interkingdom signalling molecule, which is widespread in the natural environment. In this study, we sought to identify novel roles of indole in soil-borne bacterium Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Agrobacterium tumefaciens was found not to synthesize indole and to degrade it rapidly. The addition of exogenous indole dose-dependently inhibited A. tumefaciens growth and decreased its motility. Surprisingly, indole markedly increased A...
April 2015: Environmental Microbiology
Philip Hinchliffe, Nicholas P Greene, Neil G Paterson, Allister Crow, Colin Hughes, Vassilis Koronakis
Periplasmic adaptor proteins are key components of bacterial tripartite efflux pumps. The 2.85 Å resolution structure of an MFS (major facilitator superfamily) pump adaptor, Aquifex aeolicus EmrA, shows linearly arranged α-helical coiled-coil, lipoyl, and β-barrel domains, but lacks the fourth membrane-proximal domain shown in other pumps to interact with the inner membrane transporter. The adaptor α-hairpin, which binds outer membrane TolC, is exceptionally long at 127 Å, and the β-barrel contains a conserved disordered loop...
August 25, 2014: FEBS Letters
M A Ospina Barrero, P A G Pietralonga, D G G Schwarz, A Silva, S O Paula, M A S Moreira
The multidrug efflux system in bacteria can reduce antibiotic concentration inside the cell, leading to failure in the treatment of bacterial diseases. This study evaluated the influence of two efflux pump inhibitors (EPIs), phenylalanine arginyl ß-naphthylamide (PAßN) and 1-(1-naphthylmethyl)-piperazine (NMP), on the gene expression of three multidrug efflux systems, AcrAB, AcrEF and EmrAB in Escherichia coli bovine mastitis isolates resistant to ampicillin and sulfamethoxazole/trimethoprim simultaneously...
October 2014: Research in Veterinary Science
Yun Lee, Jimmy G Lafontaine Rivera, James C Liao
Metabolic pathways in cells must be sufficiently robust to tolerate fluctuations in expression levels and changes in environmental conditions. Perturbations in expression levels may lead to system failure due to the disappearance of a stable steady state. Increasing evidence has suggested that biological networks have evolved such that they are intrinsically robust in their network structure. In this article, we presented Ensemble Modeling for Robustness Analysis (EMRA), which combines a continuation method with the Ensemble Modeling approach, for investigating the robustness issue of non-native pathways...
September 2014: Metabolic Engineering
Katrin Lorenz, Katharina Rommel, Jiju Mani, Nan Jin, Inken Hilgendorf, Anthony D Ho, Mathias Freund, Michael Schmitt, Anita Schmitt
Extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) constitutes a promising treatment for patients with steroid-refractory acute graft-versus-host disease (aGvHD) after allogeneic stem cell transplantation and for patients with graft rejection after solid organ transplantation (SOT). There is an increasing body of evidence that modulation of lymphocyte subsets might play a crucial role in the mechanism of action in ECP. We therefore analyzed immunological effects concomitantly with clinical findings in patients under ECP therapy using multicolor flow cytometry...
March 2015: Leukemia & Lymphoma
Michael P Pender, Peter A Csurhes, Casey Mm Pfluger, Scott R Burrows
BACKGROUND: Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) have a deficiency of circulating CD8+ T cells, which might impair control of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and predispose to MS by allowing EBV-infected autoreactive B cells to accumulate in the central nervous system. Based on the expression of CD45RA and CD62L, CD4+ T cells and CD8+ T cells can be subdivided into four subsets with distinct homing and functional properties, namely: naïve, central memory, effector memory (EM) and effector memory re-expressing CD45RA (EMRA) cells...
December 2014: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"