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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905680/the-burden-of-childhood-cancer-in-mexico-implications-for-low-and-middle-income-countries
#1
REVIEW
Roberto Rivera-Luna, Marta Zapata-Tarres, Jaime Shalkow-Klincovstein, Liliana Velasco-Hidalgo, Alberto Olaya-Vargas, Nicole Finkelstein-Mizrahi, Rocío Cárdenas-Cardós, Marco R Aguilar-Ortiz
In Mexico, childhood cancer incidence and mortality have increased in the last decade. Through government actions since 2005, the Popular Medical Insurance (PMI) program for childhood cancer was created. The objective of PMI was to offer early cancer diagnosis, standardized treatment regimens, and numerous pediatric oncology residency programs. It has also accredited 55 national hospitals for the care of these children. Current problems still present under the PMI include shortage of pediatric oncologists and nurses and high rate of abandonment of treatment...
December 1, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896915/evaluation-of-maternal-and-perinatal-characteristics-on-childhood-lymphoma-risk-a-population-based-case-control-study
#2
Erin C Peckham-Gregory, Heather E Danysh, Austin L Brown, Olive Eckstein, Amanda Grimes, Rikhia Chakraborty, Joseph Lubega, Kenneth L McClain, Carl E Allen, Michael E Scheurer, Philip J Lupo
BACKGROUND: Lymphoma is one of the most common pediatric malignancies; however, there are few well-established risk factors. Therefore, we investigated if maternal and perinatal characteristics influenced the risk of childhood lymphoma. PROCEDURE: Information on cases (n = 374) diagnosed with lymphoma and born in Texas for the period 1995-2011 was obtained from the Texas Cancer Registry. Birth certificate controls were randomly selected at a ratio of 10 controls per 1 case for the same period of 1995-2011...
November 28, 2016: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896145/interprofessional-multiple-step-simulation-course-improves-pediatric-resident-and-nursing-staff-management-of-pediatric-patients-with-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#3
Linnea M Larson-Williams, Amber Q Youngblood, Dawn Taylor Peterson, J Lynn Zinkan, Marjorie L White, Hussein Abdul-Latif, Leen Matalka, Stephen N Epps, Nancy M Tofil
AIM: To investigate the use of a multidisciplinary, longitudinal simulation to educate pediatric residents and nurses on management of pediatric diabetic ketoacidosis. METHODS: A multidisciplinary, multiple step simulation course was developed by faculty and staff using a modified Delphi method from the Pediatric Simulation Center and pediatric endocrinology department. Effectiveness of the simulation for the residents was measured with a pre- and post-test and a reference group not exposed to simulation...
November 4, 2016: World Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887795/clinician-knowledge-clinician-barriers-and-perceived-parental-barriers-regarding-human-papillomavirus-vaccination-association-with-initiation-and-completion-rates
#4
Lila J Finney Rutten, Jennifer L St Sauver, Timothy J Beebe, Patrick M Wilson, Debra J Jacobson, Chun Fan, Carmen Radecki Breitkopf, Susan T Vadaparampil, Robert M Jacobson
PURPOSE: We tested the hypothesis that clinician knowledge, clinician barriers, and perceived parental barriers relevant to the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination account for the variation in vaccine delivery at the practice-site level. METHODS: We conducted a survey from October 2015 through January 2016 among primary care clinicians (n=280) in a 27-county geographic region to assess clinician knowledge, clinician barriers, and perceived parental barriers regarding HPV vaccination...
November 23, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885832/defining-pediatric-inpatient-cardiology-care-delivery-models-a-survey-of-pediatric-cardiology-programs-in-the-usa-and-canada
#5
Antonio R Mott, Steven R Neish, Melissa Challman, Timothy F Feltes
BACKGROUND: The treatment of children with cardiac disease is one of the most prevalent and costly pediatric inpatient conditions. The design of inpatient medical services for children admitted to and discharged from noncritical cardiology care units, however, is undefined. North American Pediatric Cardiology Programs were surveyed to define noncritical cardiac care unit models in current practice. METHOD: An online survey that explored institutional and functional domains for noncritical cardiac care unit was crafted...
November 25, 2016: Congenital Heart Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884969/ethics-knowledge-of-recent-paediatric-residency-graduates-the-role-of-residency-ethics-curricula
#6
Jennifer C Kesselheim, Julie Najita, Debra Morley, Elizabeth Bair, Steven Joffe
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between recently trained paediatricians' ethics knowledge and exposure to a formal ethics or professionalism curriculum during residency. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of recently trained paediatricians which included a validated 23-item instrument called the Test of Residents' Ethics Knowledge for Pediatrics. The sample included paediatricians who completed medical school in 2006-2008, whose primary specialty was paediatrics or a paediatric subspecialty, and who completed paediatric residency training in 2010-2011...
December 2016: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876383/helmet-use-and-injury-severity-among-pediatric-skiers-and-snowboarders-in-colorado
#7
Melissa Milan, Sandeep Jhajj, Camille Stewart, Laura Pyle, Steven Moulton
INTRODUCTION: Skiing and snowboarding are popular winter recreational activities that are commonly associated with orthopedic type injuries. Unbeknownst to most parents, however, are the significant but poorly described risks for head, cervical spine and solid organ injuries. Although helmet use is not mandated for skiers and snowboarders outside of resort sponsored activities, we hypothesized that helmet use is associated with a lower risk of severe head injury, shorter ICU stay and shorter hospital length of stay...
November 6, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875781/long-term-pediatrician-outcomes-of-a-parent-led-curriculum-in-developmental-disabilities
#8
Bruce L Keisling, Elizabeth A Bishop, David A Kube, Jenness M Roth, Frederick B Palmer
: Previous research has demonstrated high satisfaction and perceived relevance of Project DOCC (Delivery of Chronic Care), a parent led curriculum in developmental disabilities, across a sample of medical residents. AIMS: The influence of such a training program on the clinical practices and professional activities of these residents once they are established in their careers as physicians, however, has not been studied; this was the aim of the present study. METHODS: An anonymous follow-up survey was designed and disseminated to physicians who participated in Project DOCC during their one-month developmental disabilities rotation as part of their pediatrics or medicine/pediatric residency between 2002 and 2010...
November 19, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872034/test-enhanced-e-learning-strategies-in-postgraduate-medical-education-a-randomized-cohort-study
#9
Lisa A DelSignore, Traci A Wolbrink, David Zurakowski, Jeffrey P Burns
BACKGROUND: The optimal design of pedagogical strategies for e-learning in graduate and postgraduate medical education remains to be determined. Video-based e-learning use is increasing, with initial research suggesting that taking short breaks while watching videos (independent of answering test questions) may improve learning by focusing attention on the content presented. Interspersed test questions may also improve knowledge acquisition and retention. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of interspersed test questions and periodic breaks on immediate knowledge acquisition and retention at 6 months by pediatric residents engaged in video-based e-learning...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870762/review-of-current-workforce-for-rheumatology-in-the-countries-of-the-americas-2012-2015
#10
John D Reveille, Roberto Muñoz, Enrique Soriano, Miguel Albanese, Graciela Espada, Carlos Jose Lozada, Ruben Antonio Montúfar, Fernando Neubarth, Gloria M Vasquez, Michel Zummer, Rosa Sheen, Carlo V Caballero-Uribe, Carlos Pineda
BACKGROUND: With the increases in and aging of the populations of the Americas, monitoring the number of rheumatologists is critical to address and focus on areas of greatest need. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to gather data on the rheumatology workforce from 21 national societies in the Pan American League of Associations for Rheumatology (PANLAR). METHODS: In September and October 2012 and again in October and November 2015, the heads of the 21 rheumatology national societies were contacted in the 2012 survey; all national societies responded except Cuba...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869409/communication-skills-of-residents-to-families-with-down-syndrome-babies
#11
Derya G Dogan, Yesim Kutluturk, Meltem Kivilcim, Sinem K Canaloglu
BACKGROUND: Generally, pediatricians are the first health caregivers to deliver initial diagnosis of Down syndrome (DS) to the families. However, most of the parents are not satisfied with the contents and how they receive information when their child is born with DS. Pediatric residents should target educational interventions to help parents to overcome with these issues and to provide accurate information. The objective is to assess comfort levels and training requirements of pediatric residents to communicate with parents of babies born with Down syndrome...
December 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867857/training-for-mis-in-pediatric-urology-proposition-of-a-structured-training-curriculum
#12
REVIEW
Maria Escolino, Francesco Turrà, Alessandro Settimi, Ciro Esposito
In Europe there are a lot of training centers for minimally invasive surgery (MIS) but a standardized MIS training program in pediatric urology doesn't exist at the moment. We performed a literature review with the last goals to propose a structured training curriculum in MIS urology for pediatric surgeons. Pediatric urologists have to obtain a valid MIS training curriculum completing the following 4 steps: (I) Theoretical part (theoretical courses, masterclass) to acquire theoretical knowledge; (II) experimental training (simulation on pelvic trainer, virtual reality simulators, animal models, 3-D ex-vivo models) to acquire basic laparoscopic skills; (III) stages in European centers of reference for pediatric MIS urology to learn all surgery aspects; (IV) personal operative experience...
October 2016: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862959/understanding-zika-virus
#13
John S Murray
PURPOSE: This article describes what pediatric healthcare professionals should know about Zika virus (ZIKV). LITERATURE REVIEW: ZIKV is classified as an arthropod-borne, single-stranded RNA virus of the Flaviviridae family and genus Flavivirus. ZIKV is not new. The virus was first discovered almost 70 years ago in Uganda. The first isolate of the virus was found in rhesus monkeys in the Zika Forrest, hence the nomenclature. The primary route of ZIKV transmission to humans is through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito-primarily Aedes aegypti...
November 9, 2016: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856333/novel-homozygous-missense-mutation-in-aldh7a1-causes-neonatal-pyridoxine-dependent-epilepsy
#14
Emanuele G Coci, Luca Codutti, Christian Fink, Sophie Bartsch, Gunnar Grüning, Thomas Lücke, Ingo Kurth, Joachim Riedel
Pyridoxine dependent epilepsy (PDE) (OMIM#266100) is a neonatal form of epilepsy, caused by dysfunction of the enzyme α-aminoadipic semialdehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH7A1 or Antiquitin). This enzyme converts α-aminoadipic semialdehyde (α-AASA) into α-aminoadipate (AAA), a critical step in the lysine metabolism of the brain. ALDH7A1 dysfunction causes an accumulation of α-AASA and δ(1)-piperideine-6-carboxylic acid (P6C), which are in equilibrium with each other. P6C binds and inactivates pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP), the active form of pyridoxine...
November 14, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Probes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856295/street-smarts-and-a-scalpel-emotional-intelligence-in-surgical-education
#15
Mary Kate Erdman, Alisha Bonaroti, Gina Provenzano, Rachel Appelbaum, Marybeth Browne
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate trends of emotional intelligence (EI) in surgical education and to compare the incorporation of EI in surgical education to other fields of graduate medical education. DESIGN: A MEDLINE search was performed for publications containing both "surgery" and "emotional intelligence" with at least one term present in the title. Articles were included if the authors deemed EI in surgical education to be a significant focus. A separate series of MEDLINE searches were performed with the phrase "emotional intelligence" in any field and either "surg*," "internal medicine," "pediatric," "neurology," "obstetric," "gynecology," "OBGYN," "emergency," or "psychiat*" in the title...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856140/impact-of-scribes-on-emergency-department-patient-throughput-one-year-after-implementation
#16
Heather A Heaton, David M Nestler, Christine M Lohse, Annie T Sadosty
OBJECTIVES: Assess the impact of scribes on an academic emergency department's (ED) throughput one year after implementation. METHODS: A prospective cohort design compared throughput metrics of patients managed when scribes were and were not a part of the treatment team during pre-defined study hours in a tertiary academic ED with both an adult and pediatric ED. An alternating-day pattern one year following scribe implementation ensured balance between the scribe and non-scribe groups in time of day, day of week, and patient complexity...
November 5, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855232/novel-scc-mutation-in-a-patient-of-mexican-descent-with-sex-reversal-salt-losing-crisis-and-adrenal-failure
#17
Jasmeet Kaur, Alan M Rice, Elizabeth O'Connor, Anil Piya, Bradley Buckler, Himangshu S Bose
: Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is caused by mutations in cytochrome P450 side chain cleavage enzyme (CYP11A1 and old name, SCC). Errors in cholesterol side chain cleavage by the mitochondrial resident CYP11A1 results in an inadequate amount of pregnenolone production. This study was performed to evaluate the cause of salt-losing crisis and possible adrenal failure in a pediatric patient whose mother had a history of two previous stillbirths and loss of another baby within a week of birth...
2016: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850828/1192-increasing-event-reporting-among-residents-and-fellows-in-adult-and-pediatric-intensive-care-units
#18
Elizabeth Mack, Jordan Newman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850782/1145-perceived-barriers-to-activation-of-the-pediatric-rapid-response-team-by-nurses-and-residents
#19
Theodore DeMartini, Adrian Zurca, Kaylee Hollern, Sean Zajdel, Sarah Comly, Lauren Cable, E Scott Halstead
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850055/415-learning-behaviors-of-pediatrics-residents-utilizing-an-online-curriculum-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#20
Traci Wolbrink, Lisa DelSignore, Dennis Daniel, Jeffrey Burns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
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