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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924109/care-of-newborn-in-the-community-and-at-home
#1
REVIEW
S B Neogi, J Sharma, M Chauhan, R Khanna, M Chokshi, R Srivastava, P K Prabhakar, A Khera, R Kumar, S Zodpey, V K Paul
India has contributed immensely toward generating evidence on two key domains of newborn care: Home Based Newborn Care (HBNC) and community mobilization. In a model developed in Gadchiroli (Maharashtra) in the 1990s, a package of Interventions delivered by community health workers during home visits led to a marked decline in neonatal deaths. On the basis of this experience, the national HBNC program centered around Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) was introduced in 2011, and is now the main community-level program in newborn health...
December 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915460/zinc-supplementation-for-the-prevention-of-pneumonia-in-children-aged-2-months-to-59-months
#2
REVIEW
Zohra S Lassi, Anoosh Moin, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children younger than five years of age. Most deaths occur during infancy and in low-income countries. Daily zinc supplements have been reported to prevent acute lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI) and reduce child mortality. This is an update of a review first published in 2010. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of zinc supplementation in the prevention of pneumonia in children aged two to 59 months...
December 4, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899865/necrotizing-pneumonia-caused-by-h1n1-virus-in-a-child-with-total-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-connection-after-cardiac-surgery
#3
Mehmet G Ramoğlu, Tayfun Uçar, Tanıl Kendirli, Zeynep Eyileten, Semra Atalay
Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection is a rare form of congenital heart disease, occurring in only 1.5% of children with congenital heart disease. Although the mortality and morbidity of total anomalous pulmonary venous connection have decreased dramatically due to improvements in surgery, postoperative pulmonary venous obstruction is still a cause of late mortality in patients with corrected total anomalous pulmonary venous connection. Influenza A H1N1, the most common cause of human influenza in 2009, may cause pneumonia presenting with increased disease severity...
November 2016: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899697/sudden-death-of-a-child-due-to-pyogenic-bacterial-myocarditis
#4
Asit K Sikary, Asit R Mridha, Chittaranjan Behera
Bacterial myocarditis is an uncommon condition and only a few fatal cases in adults are reported in the scientific literature. Death from acute bacterial myocarditis in children is extremely rare. We report an unusual case of fatal bacterial myocarditis in a seven-year-old girl, who had a history of cough for a month and fever for two days. She was given symptomatic treatment by a local physician without suspecting her clinical condition. Her condition rapidly deteriorated and she was brought in dead to the hospital...
November 28, 2016: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885286/immediate-outcome-of-hypoxic-ischaemic-encephalopathy-in-hypoxiate-newborns-in-nepal-medical-college
#5
S Shrestha, G S Shrestha, A Sharma
BACKGROUND: Birth asphyxia is the fifth major cause of under-five child deaths after pneumonia, diarrhoea, neonatal infections and complications of preterm birth. It is one of the important causes of neonatal mortality and morbidity accounting up to 30% of neonatal death in Nepal. It is also an important cause of long-term neurological disability and impairment. The mortality rate due to birth asphyxia is considered a good guide to the quality of perinatal care. This study was conducted to assess the rate of birth asphyxia, risk factors and outcome of the babies who were asphyxiated at birth...
May 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882866/the-performance-of-community-health-workers-in-the-management-of-multiple-childhood-infectious-diseases-in-lira-northern-uganda-a-mixed-methods-cross-sectional-study
#6
Phillip Wanduru, Moses Tetui, Doreen Tuhebwe, Michael Ediau, Monica Okuga, Christine Nalwadda, Elizabeth Ekirapa-Kiracho, Peter Waiswa, Elizeus Rutebemberwa
BACKGROUND: Community health workers (CHWs) have the potential to reduce child mortality by improving access to care, especially in remote areas. Uganda has one of the highest child mortality rates globally. Moreover, rural areas bear the highest proportion of this burden. The optimal performance of CHWs is critical. In this study, we assess the performance of CHWs in managing malaria, pneumonia, and diarrhea in the rural district of Lira, in northern Uganda. DESIGNS: A cross-sectional mixed methods study was undertaken to investigate the performance of 393 eligible CHWs in the Lira district of Uganda...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875769/status-epilepticus-in-pregnant-women-with-epilepsy-after-valproate-adjustment-a-case-series
#7
Mengqian Wu, Nanya Hao, Bo Yan, Xiaosa Chi, Dong Zhou
PURPOSE: Valproate is an effective wide-spectrum anti-epileptic drug that is also known to be teratogenic. Its administration in epileptic women remains controversial. This report aims to draw more attention to valproate adjustment before and during pregnancy. METHODS: We collected medical records of pregnant women with epilepsy at West China Hospital in Chengdu, China who developed status epilepticus during pregnancy after valproate withdrawal or reduction in dose from January 2013 to July 2015...
November 14, 2016: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855688/fatal-varicella-pneumonia-in-an-unvaccinated-child-with-down-syndrome-a-case-report
#8
Diletta Valentini, Simona Bianchi, Chiara Di Camillo, Anna Chiara Vittucci, Michaela Veronika Gonfiantini, Rita De Vito, Alberto Villani
BACKGROUND: Varicella is an acute infectious disease common during childhood. It has mostly an uncomplicated course in early childhood. Neverthless, it may result in severe complications, especially in particular age groups and clinical conditions. Down Syndrome represents a risk factor for developing complications, because of the frequent comorbidities and their immunodeficiency. CASE PRESENTATION: A 2-year-old white Caucasian female affected by Down Syndrome was referred to our hospital for cardiac arrest in course of varicella disease...
November 17, 2016: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851427/1792-severe-legionella-pneumophila-pneumonia-in-an-immunocompromised-child
#9
Kathleen Chiotos, Jessica Fowler, Eimear Kitt, Heather Wolfe, Nadir Yehya, Todd Kilbaugh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851265/1630-a-child-with-unilateral-pulmonary-vein-atresia-and-pneumonia
#10
Prithvi Sendi, Balagangadhar Totapally
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846056/mother-to-child-transmission-of-kpc-carbapenemase-producing-klebsiella-pneumoniae-at-birth
#11
Paolo Bonfanti, Roberto Bellù, Luigi Principe, Ilaria Caramma, Manuela Condò, Tommaso Giani, Gian Maria Rossolini, Francesco Luzzaro
We report on a mother-to-child transmission of KPC carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae at birth followed by subsequent cases in the NICU. Molecular analysis of isolates showed production of KPC-3 enzyme. The only potential risk factor identified for the mother was previous activity as a caregiver. Present findings suggest consideration of pro-active surveillance in pregnant women with risk factors for colonization.
November 11, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834708/complete-genome-sequence-of-human-coronavirus-oc43-isolated-from-mexico
#12
B T Taboada, P Isa, M A Espinoza, F E Aponte, M A Arias-Ortiz, J Monge-Martínez, R Rodríguez-Vázquez, F Díaz-Hernández, F Zárate-Vidal, R M Wong-Chew, V Firo-Reyes, C N Del Río-Almendárez, J Gaitán-Meza, A Villaseñor-Sierra, G Martínez-Aguilar, M García-Borjas, D E Noyola, L F Pérez-Gónzalez, S López, J I Santos-Preciado, C F Arias
We report the complete genome sequence of the first Mexican human coronavirus (HCoV) OC43, obtained by new-generation sequencing and a metagenomic approach, isolated from a child hospitalized with pneumonia. The genome is closely related to the other OC43 genome sequences available, ranging from 99.8% to 98.2% nucleotide sequence identity.
November 10, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833343/distraction-osteogenesis-for-management-of-severe-osa-in-pierre-robin-sequence-an-approach-to-elude-tracheostomy-in-infants
#13
N K Sahoo, I D Roy, Shamsher Dalal, Amit Bhandari
BACKGROUND: Severe obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is a life threatening condition associated with Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) due to mandibular micrognathia and glossoptosis. Often these patients require tracheostomy at an early age which has high morbidity. Distraction osteogenesis (DO) is an accepted method of treatment for patients with hypoplastic mandible to achieve mandibular lengthening without need for a bone graft. It has also been used in respiratory distressed neonates and infants to avoid tracheostomy...
December 2016: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832897/a-7-year-old-boy-with-sudden-onset-of-loud-snoring
#14
Lourdes M DelRosso
A 7-year-old boy was referred for evaluation of loud nightly snoring. Snoring started suddenly 2 weeks prior to presentation and grew progressively worse. Currently, the parents witnessed breathing pauses and gasping at night. The parents moved the child to a recliner to be able to breathe better, but the snoring and apneas persisted. There was no sleepwalking, night terrors, or nocturnal enuresis. During the day, the boy did not endorse symptoms of excessive sleepiness. The review of systems was negative for fever, weight loss, night sweats, sore throat, dysphagia, nasal congestion, ear pain, chest pain, shortness of breath, stridor, and abdominal pain...
November 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832057/announcement-world-pneumonia-day-november-12-2016
#15
(no author information available yet)
November 12th marks the eighth annual World Pneumonia Day, observed to raise awareness of pneumonia as a global public health concern for persons of all ages and a leading infectious cause of death of children aged <5 years, causing approximately 900,000 child deaths annually (1). In the United States, the majority of the 53,000 annual pneumonia deaths occur in persons aged ≥65 years. Respiratory viruses, such as respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and influenza, and Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria are among the leading causes of pneumonia; RSV annually causes an average of 177,000 hospitalizations and 14,000 deaths in adults aged ≥65 years in the United States (1,2)...
November 11, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830065/streptococcus-pneumoniae-serotype-19a-meningitis-in-well-vaccinated-immunocompetent-13-month-old-child-a-case-of-pcv13-failure
#16
Simon Kayemba-Kay's, Abdul Monem Badran, Cécile Lagneaux, Tamas Kovacs, Anne Heron
We report a 13-month-old immune-competent male child who was diagnosed with pneumococcal serotype 19A meningitis despite having received three PCV13 injections. Clinicians are reminded that bacterial meningitis can still occur, even in correctly vaccinated children. Investigations should include immune system screening along with abdominal ultrasound to exclude asplenia.
November 2016: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829063/pneumococcal-carriage-in-children-under-five-years-in-uganda-will-present-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccines-be-appropriate
#17
Ann Lindstrand, Joan Kalyango, Tobias Alfvén, Jessica Darenberg, Daniel Kadobera, Freddie Bwanga, Stefan Peterson, Birgitta Henriques-Normark, Karin Källander
BACKGROUND: Pneumonia is the major cause of death in children globally, with more than 900,000 deaths annually in children under five years of age. Streptococcus pneumoniae causes most deaths, most often in the form of community acquired pneumonia. Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs) are currently being implemented in many low-income countries. PCVs decrease vaccine-type pneumococcal carriage, a prerequisite for invasive pneumococcal disease, and thereby affects pneumococcal disease and transmission...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824876/understanding-the-role-of-accredited-drug-dispensing-outlets-in-tanzania-s-health-system
#18
Martha Embrey, Catherine Vialle-Valentin, Angel Dillip, Bernard Kihiyo, Romuald Mbwasi, Innocent A Semali, John C Chalker, Jafary Liana, Rachel Lieber, Keith Johnson, Edmund Rutta, Suleiman Kimatta, Elizabeth Shekalaghe, Richard Valimba, Dennis Ross-Degnan
INTRODUCTION: People in many low-income countries access medicines from retail drug shops. In Tanzania, a public-private partnership launched in 2003 used an accreditation approach to improve access to quality medicines and pharmaceutical services in underserved areas. The government scaled up the accredited drug dispensing outlet (ADDO) program nationally, with over 9,000 shops now accredited. This study assessed the relationships between community members and their sources of health care and medicines, particularly antimicrobials, with a specific focus on the role ADDOs play in the health care system...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805553/-monoinfection-of-human-metapneumovirus-in-cordoba-first-clinical-and-epidemiological-research-in-children-with-respiratory-infection-in-2011
#19
Pamela Elizabeth Rodriguez, María Pilar Adamo, María Gabriela Paglini, Laura Moreno, Jorge Augusto Camara, Alicia Camara
: Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) RNA virus discovered in 2001, is a pathogen associated with acute respiratory infection (ARI) in children under 5 years; its prevalence ranges from 5-15%. In Córdoba, it is not integrated into the viral research in patients with low IRA (LARI). OBJECTIVE: Detect hMPV in children under 5 years hospitalized for LARI in the Children's Hospital "Santísima Trinidad" of Cordoba (HNC) in 2011 and describe the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of monoinfecciones without comorbidity...
2016: Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Médicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803824/successful-treatment-of-disseminated-bacillus-calmette-gu%C3%A3-rin-disease-in-an-hiv-infected-child-with-a-linezolid-containing-regimen
#20
Srđan Roglić, Drusia Dickson, Branko Miše, Klaudija Višković, Vera Katalinić-Janković, George Rutherford, Josip Begovac
Upon HIV infection diagnosis, an 8-month-old boy was transferred for evaluation of worsening respiratory distress requiring mechanical ventilation. Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PCP) was diagnosed; the boy also had a nonhealing ulcer at the site of vaccination with Statens Serum Institut (Danish strain) Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine and associated axillary lymphadenopathy. PCP treatment resulted in weaning from mechanical ventilation. Antimycobacterial treatment was immediately attempted but was discontinued because of hepatotoxicity...
2016: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
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