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Rosa María Piñeiro-Albero, Juan Diego Ramos-Pichardo, Antonio Oliver-Roig, Antonio Velandrino-Nicolás, Miguel Richart-Martínez, Ricardo García-de-León-González, Kristen J Wells
BACKGROUND: Only a minority of infants are exclusively breastfed for the recommended 6 months postpartum. Breast-feeding self-efficacy is a mother's confidence in her ability to breastfeed and is predictive of breastfeeding behaviors. The Prenatal Breast-feeding Self-efficacy Scale (PBSES) was developed among English-speaking mothers to measure breastfeeding self-efficacy before delivery. OBJECTIVES: To translate the PBSES into Spanish and assess its psychometric properties...
October 2013: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Wim Van der Elst, Renske Wassenberg, Celeste Meijs, Petra Hurks, Martin Van Boxtel, Jelle Jolles
If the pathological left-handedness theory is valid, left-handed people who also experienced pregnancy and birth stress events (PBSEs) would especially be expected to deviate from the cognitive norm (rather than left-handers in general). This hypothesis was tested in a large sample of healthy children (aged 6.6-15.9 years). Multiple cognitive abilities were assessed, including verbal fluency and working memory. Children with a left lateral preference who also experienced a PBSE did not deviate from the cognitive norm...
June 2011: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
Wim Van der Elst, Petra P M Hurks, Renske Wassenberg, Celeste J C Meijs, Martin P J Van Boxtel, Jelle Jolles
The pathological left-handedness theory claims that pregnancy and birth stress events (PBSEs) are important risk factors for sinistrality, but previous studies yielded inconclusive results. The aim of the present study was to further evaluate the effect of PBSEs on multiple indicators of lateral preference (i.e., hand, foot, eye, and ear preferences), strength of lateral preferences, and overall lateral consistency in a large nonclinical sample of school-aged children. Results showed that PBSEs occurred in about one third of the sample (mainly forceps use, cesarean section, and preterm birth)...
January 2011: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
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