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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539694/a-retrospective-analysis-of-post-stroke-berg-balance-scale-scores-how-should-normal-and-at-risk-scores-be-interpreted
#1
Kara K Patterson, Elizabeth Inness, William E McIlroy, Avril Mansfield
Purpose: The Berg Balance Scale (BBS) is a performance-based measure of standing balance commonly used by clinicians working with individuals post-stroke. Performance on the BBS can be influenced by compensatory strategies, but measures derived from two force plates can isolate compensatory strategies and thus better indicate balance impairment. This study examined BBS scores that reflect "normal" and disordered balance with respect to dual force-plate measures of standing balance in individuals post-stroke...
2017: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537988/prevention-of-trastuzumab-and-anthracycline-induced-cardiotoxicity-using-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitors-or-%C3%AE-blockers-in-older-adults-with-breast-cancer
#2
Saranrat Wittayanukorn, Jingjing Qian, Salisa C Westrick, Nedret Billor, Brandon Johnson, Richard A Hansen
PURPOSE: Although clinical trials have provided some data on the benefit of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) or β-blockers (BBs) in patients with chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity, evidence of ACEIs/BBs on prevention of trastuzumab and/or anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity outside trials is limited. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort study of 142,990 women (66 y and above) newly diagnosed with breast cancer from 2001 to 2009 was conducted using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare-linked database...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523357/lesion-location-associated-with-balance-recovery-and-gait-velocity-change-after-rehabilitation-in-stroke-patients
#3
Hyun Im Moon, Hyo Jeong Lee, Seo Yeon Yoon
PURPOSE: Impaired gait function after stroke contributes strongly to overall patient disability. However, the response to rehabilitation varies between individuals. The aims of this study were to identify predictors of gait velocity change and to elucidate lesion location associated with change of balance and gait function. METHODS: We reviewed 102 stroke patients. The patients were divided into two groups according to gait ability post-rehabilitation, and we analyzed differences in their characteristics, such as demographic information, lesion factors, and initial balance function...
May 18, 2017: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516860/salmonella-diva-vaccine-reduces-disease-colonization-and-shedding-due-to-virulent-s-typhimurium-infection-in-swine
#4
Bradley L Bearson, Shawn M D Bearson, Brian W Brunelle, Darrell O Bayles, In Soo Lee, Jalusa D Kich
PURPOSE: Non-host-adapted Salmonella serovars, including the common human food-borne pathogen Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium), are opportunistic pathogens that can colonize food-producing animals without causing overt disease. Interventions against Salmonella are needed to enhance food safety, protect animal health and allow the differentiation of infected from vaccinated animals (DIVA). METHODOLOGY: An attenuated S. Typhimurium DIVA vaccine (BBS 866) was characterized for the protection of pigs following challenge with virulent S...
May 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511423/bardet-biedl-syndrome-a-report-of-two-cases-with-otolaryngologic-symptoms
#5
Mahendra K Singh, Shrinkhal, Sidharth Pradhan, Priyanko Chakraborty
Bardet-Biedl Syndrome (BBS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized primarily by rod-cone dystrophy, postaxial polydactyly, central obesity, mental retardation, hypogonadism, and renal dysfunction. We present two cases of this syndrome, both female, who presented with complaints of nyctalopia and mental retardation, and additionally one of them had sensorineural hearing loss while the other had serous otitis media. Hearing loss being a rare presentation is worth reporting. Both the patients were given a course of vitamin A and the parents were counseled regarding the prognosis and additional complications associated with the syndrome...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507752/effective-treatment-of-benign-biliary-strictures-with-a-removable-fully-covered-self-expandable-metal-stent-a-prospective-multicenter-european-study
#6
Arthur Schmidt, Tilman Pickartz, Markus M Lerch, Fabrizio Fanelli, Fausto Fiocca, Pierleone Lucatelli, Fabrizio Cereatti, Albrecht Hoffmeister, Werner van Steenbergen, Matthias Kraft, Benjamin Meier, Karel Caca
BACKGROUND: Temporary placement of removable, fully covered, self-expandable metal stents (fcSEMS) for treatment of benign biliary strictures (BBS) has been reported to be effective. However, the optimal extraction time point remains unclear and stent migration has been a major concern. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of this treatment modality using an fcSEMS with a special antimigration design and prolonged stent indwell time...
April 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506013/the-effects-of-physical-training-without-equipment-on-pain-perception-and-balance-in-the-elderly-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Antonino Patti, Antonino Bianco, Bettina Karsten, Maria Alessandra Montalto, Giuseppe Battaglia, Marianna Bellafiore, Daniela Cassata, Fabio Scoppa, Antonio Paoli, Angelo Iovane, Giuseppe Messina, Antonio Palma
BACKGROUND: Research supports a link between exercise and falls prevention in the older population. OBJECTIVES: Our aims were to evaluate pain perception and balance skills in a group of elderly subjects and to examine the consequences of a standardized equipment-free exercise program intervention on these variables. The study utilized a randomized controlled trial method. METHODS: 92 subjects were recruited from a rural Sicilian village (Resuttano, Sicily, Italy)...
May 6, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503457/the-association-between-fall-history-and-physical-performance-tests-in-the-community-dwelling-elderly-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#8
Jin Chul Kim, Jinmann Chon, Hee Sang Kim, Jong Ha Lee, Seung Don Yoo, Dong Hwan Kim, Seung Ah Lee, Yoo Jin Han, Hyun Seok Lee, Bae Youl Lee, Yun Soo Soh, Chang Won Won
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between baseline characteristics, three physical performance tests and fall history in a sample of the elderly from Korean population. METHODS: A total of 307 participants (mean age, 76.70±4.85 years) were categorized into one of two groups, i.e., fallers and non-fallers. Fifty-two participants who had reported falling unexpectedly at least once in the previous 12 months were assigned to the fallers group. Physical performance tests included Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Timed Up and Go test...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503452/relation-of-urinary-retention-and-functional-recovery-in-stroke-patients-during-rehabilitation-program
#9
Seok Beom Son, Seong Yun Chung, Seok Kang, Joon Shik Yoon
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between urinary retention and short-term functional recovery in subacute stage after stroke. METHODS: The medical records of 94 patients admitted to the rehabilitation unit of Korea University Guro Hospital were reviewed retrospectively. The postvoid residual urine (PVR) was measured at least once a day using a bladder scan, and urinary retention (UR) was defined when the daily PVR volume consistently checked more than 100 mL...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503450/balance-assessment-in-subacute-stroke-patients-using-the-balance-control-trainer-balpro
#10
Jin Won Song, Jong Min Kim, Youn Soo Cheong, Yang-Soo Lee, Seong Min Chun, Yu-Sun Min, Tae-Du Jung
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the efficacy of the balance control trainer (BCT), developed for training patients with balance problems, as a balance assessment tool in subacute stroke patients. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was carried out on 38 subacute stroke patients in their first episode of a stroke, and having the ability to maintain a standing position without aid for at least 5 minutes. Patients were assessed using the BCT (BalPro) 43.7±35.7 days after stroke...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503449/feasibility-of-rehabilitation-training-with-a-newly-developed-portable-gait-assistive-robot-for-balance-function-in-hemiplegic-patients
#11
Junhyun Sung, Sehoon Choi, Hyunbae Kim, Gyuhan Lee, Changsoo Han, Younghoon Ji, Dongbin Shin, Seunghoon Hwang, Deokwon Yun, Hyeyoun Jang, Mi Jung Kim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical feasibility of a newly developed, portable, gait assistive robot (WA-H, 'walking assist for hemiplegia') for improving the balance function of patients with stroke-induced hemiplegia. METHODS: Thirteen patients underwent 12 weeks of gait training on the treadmill while wearing WA-H for 30 minutes per day, 4 days a week. Patients' balance function was evaluated by the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Fugl-Meyer Assessment Scale (FMAS), Timed Up and Go Test (TUGT), and Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) before and after 6 and 12 weeks of training...
April 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502102/functional-analysis-by-minigene-assay-of-putative-splicing-variants-found-in-bardet-biedl-syndrome-patients
#12
María Álvarez-Satta, Sheila Castro-Sánchez, Guillermo Pousada, Diana Valverde
Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) and Alström syndrome (ALMS) are rare diseases belonging to the group of ciliopathies. Although mutational screening studies of BBS/ALMS cohorts have been extensively reported, little is known about the functional effect of those changes. Thus, splicing variants are estimated to represent 15% of disease-causing mutations, and there is growing evidence that many exonic changes are really splicing variants misclassified. In this study, we aimed to analyse for the first time several variants in BBS2, ARL6/BBS3, BBS4 and ALMS1 genes predicted to produce aberrant splicing by minigene assay...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500790/accuracy-evaluation-of-a-six-degree-of-freedom-couch-using-conebeam-ct-and-isocal-phantom-with-an-in-house-algorithm
#13
Qinghui Zhang, Joseph Driewer, Shuo Wang, Sicong Li, Xiaofeng Zhu, Dandan Zheng, Yijian Cao, Jiaju Zhang, Abolghassem Jamshidi, Brett W Cox, Jonathan P S Knisely, Louis Potters, Eric E Klein
PURPOSE: The accuracy of a Six Degree of Freedom (6DoF) couch was evaluated using a novel method. METHODS: Cone beam CT (CBCT) images of a 3D phantom (IsoCal) were acquired with different, known combinations of couch pitch and roll angles. Pitch and roll angles between the maximum allowable values of 357 and 3 degrees were tested in one degree increments. A total of 49 combinations were tested at zero degrees of yaw (couch rotation angle). The 3D positions of 16 tungsten carbide BBs, each 4 mm in diameter and arranged in a known geometry within the IsoCal phantom, were determined in the 49 image sets with in-house software...
May 13, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486388/effect-of-beta-blockers-on-mortality-after-open-repair-of-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm
#14
Husain N Alshaikh, Joseph K Canner, Mahmoud Malas
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of perioperative beta blocker (BB) use on postoperative in-hospital mortality after open repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (OAR). BACKGROUND: Postoperative mortality after OAR ranges from 3.0% to 4.5%. Insight about the effect of BBs on postoperative mortality after OAR is currently lacking. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of patients undergoing OAR from 2009-Q3 to 2015-Q1 in the Premier Healthcare Database...
May 8, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481192/assessing-postural-balance-in-early-parkinson-s-disease-validity-of-the-bdl-balance-scale
#15
Ingrid M Claesson, Wilhelmus Ja Grooten, Johan Lökk, Agneta Ståhle
BACKGROUND: There is a need for a valid assessment test of balance in early Parkinson's disease (PD). OBJECTIVE: To validate the Bäckstrand Dahlberg Liljenäs Balance Scale (BDL), a test of balance performance constructed to assess mild to moderate balance disability due to neurological disease, for use in persons with early PD. METHODS: Cross-sectional psychometric evaluation study from a convenience sample community-dwelling persons with PD (n = 28)...
May 8, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475277/a-stepwise-procedure-for-removal-of-an-embedded-self-expandable-metallic-stent-by-dual-knife
#16
Ya-Wei Bi, Zhao-Shen Li, Liang-Hao Hu
Benign biliary stricture (BBS) occurs in 7.3%-30.0% patients with chronic pancreatitis(1, 2) . In the management of BBS, fully covered self-expandable metallic stent (FCSEMS) is currently well used(3-5) . However, proximal migration of FCSEMS occurs in 10.0% recipients and is much more difficult to manage(5) . A 44-year-old man was admitted with abdominal pain and recurred obstructive jaundice a month after removal of last biliary plastic stents. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
May 5, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472895/the-relationship-between-objective-balance-perceived-sense-of-balance-and-fear-of-falling-in-stroke-patients
#17
Semra Oguz, Ilksan Demirbuken, Bahar Kavlak, Gonul Acar, Saadet Ufuk Yurdalan, Mine Gulden Polat
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to investigate the relationship between objective balance, fear of falling, and perceived sense of balance (PSB) in stroke patients. METHODS: Seventy patients aged 18-65 years with chronically developed hemiplegia or hemiparesis were enrolled in the study. Patients' objective balance scores, fear of falling, and PSB were obtained using the berg balance scale (BBS), the falls efficacy scale (FES), and a visual analog scale, respectively...
May 4, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463464/physicians-guideline-adherence-is-associated-with-better-prognosis-in-outpatients-with-heart-failure-with-reduced-ejection-fraction-the-qualify-international-registry
#18
Michel Komajda, Martin R Cowie, Luigi Tavazzi, Piotr Ponikowski, Stefan D Anker, Gerasimos S Filippatos
AIMS: To evaluate the impact of physicians' adherence to guideline-recommended medications for heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), including ≥50% prescription of recommended doses, on clinical outcomes at 6-month follow-up. METHODS AND RESULTS: In QUALIFY, an international, prospective, observational, longitudinal survey, 6669 outpatients with HFrEF were recruited 1-15 months after heart failure (HF) hospitalization from September 2013 to December 2014 in 36 countries and followed up at 6 months...
April 30, 2017: European Journal of Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458486/comparative-efficacy-of-progressive-resistance-exercise-and-biomechanical-ankle-platform-system-on-functional-indices-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#19
Faderera Adepoju, Talhatu Hamzat, Olusegun Akinyinka
BACKGROUND: Progressive Resistance Exercise (PRE) and Biomechanical Ankle Platform System (BAPS) are two of the protocols available in managing children with Cerebral Palsy (CP). The comparative effects of these modalities on selected functional indices of ambulatory type CP were the focus of this study. METHODS: Twenty-eight children with hemiplegic or diplegic CP receiving care at a tertiary health facility in Ibadan were consecutively recruited. They were systematically assigned into two intervention groups...
January 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449910/effect-of-tai-ji-quan-training-on-self-reported-sleep-quality-in-elderly-chinese-women-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trail
#20
Jiaojiao Lü, Lingyan Huang, Xie Wu, Weijie Fu, Yu Liu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of a 24-week Tai Ji Quan training program on sleep quality, quality of life, and physical performance among elderly Chinese women with knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: A 24-week randomized, controlled trial of 46 elderly women with knee OA. Participants were randomly assigned to either a Tai Ji Quan group (n = 23) or a control group (n = 23). Participants in the Tai Ji Quan group completed training sessions three times per week, while those in the control group had bi-weekly educational classes...
May 2017: Sleep Medicine
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