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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800755/the-influence-of-3%C3%A2-months-of-physical-exercises-and-verbal-stimulation-on-functional-efficiency-and-use-of-free-time-in-an-older-population-under-institutional-care-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Agnieszka Wiśniowska-Szurlej, Agnieszka Ćwirlej-Sozańska, Anna Wilmowska-Pietruszyńska, Natalia Milewska, Bernard Sozański
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been a significant change in the demographics of developed countries, including an increase in the number of older people. This aging population and the associated need for medical care and assistance places great strain on health care systems worldwide. In older populations, improved knowledge and understanding of the relationship between moderate exercise and health might result in greater motivation to engage in such activity; thus improving the overall health of this population...
August 11, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800606/whole-exome-sequencing-as-a-diagnostic-tool-for-patients-with-ciliopathy-like-phenotypes
#2
Sheila Castro-Sánchez, María Álvarez-Satta, Mohamed A Tohamy, Sergi Beltran, Sophia Derdak, Diana Valverde
Ciliopathies are a group of rare disorders characterized by a high genetic and phenotypic variability, which complicates their molecular diagnosis. Hence the need to use the latest powerful approaches to faster identify the genetic defect in these patients. We applied whole exome sequencing to six consanguineous families clinically diagnosed with ciliopathy-like disease, and for which mutations in predominant Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) genes had previously been excluded. Our strategy, based on first applying several filters to ciliary variants and using many of the bioinformatics tools available, allowed us to identify causal mutations in BBS2, ALMS1 and CRB1 genes in four families, thus confirming the molecular diagnosis of ciliopathy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796608/best-buddies-similarity-robust-template-matching-using-mutual-nearest-neighbors
#3
Shaul Oron, Tali Dekel, Tianfan Xue, William T Freeman, Shai Avidan
We propose a novel method for template matching in unconstrained environments. Its essence is the Best-Buddies Similarity (BBS), a useful, robust, and parameter-free similarity measure between two sets of points. BBS is based on counting the number of Best-Buddies Pairs (BBPs)-pairs of points in source and target sets, where each point is the nearest neighbor of the other. BBS has several key features that make it robust against complex geometric deformations and high levels of outliers, such as those arising from background clutter and occlusions...
August 9, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795299/adherence-to-optimal-heart-rate-control-in-heart-failure-with-reduced-ejection-fraction-insight-from-a-survey-of-heart-rate-in-heart-failure-in-sweden-hr-hf-study
#4
M Fu, U Ahrenmark, S Berglund, C J Lindholm, A Lehto, A Månsson Broberg, G Tasevska-Dinevska, G Wikstrom, A Ågard, B Andersson
INTRODUCTION: Despite that heart rate (HR) control is one of the guideline-recommended treatment goals for heart failure (HF) patients, implementation has been painstakingly slow. Therefore, it would be important to identify patients who have not yet achieved their target heart rates and assess possible underlying reasons as to why the target rates are not met. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The survey of HR in patients with HF in Sweden (HR-HF survey) is an investigator-initiated, prospective, multicenter, observational longitudinal study designed to investigate the state of the art in the control of HR in HF and to explore potential underlying mechanisms for suboptimal HR control with focus on awareness of and adherence to guidelines for HR control among physicians who focus on the contributing role of beta-blockers (BBs)...
August 9, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776138/a-new-fully-covered-self-expandable-metal-stent-for-the-treatment-of-postsurgical-benign-biliary-strictures
#5
Jun Wu, Dong-Xun Zhou, Tian-Tian Wang, Dao-Jian Gao, Bing Hu
BACKGROUND: Endotherapy with plastic stent (PS) placement is the main modality for treating benign biliary strictures (BBSs). Fully covered self-expandable metal stents (FCSEMSs) are being increasingly used for BBS management, with high stricture resolution. However, traditional metal tents are associated with high migration, causing treatment failure. METHODS: We investigated the efficacy and safety of a new FCSEMS for postsurgical BBS treatment and compared these parameters between the FCSEMS and PS treatment through retrospective analysis...
August 3, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771379/the-effect-of-a-virtual-reality-game-intervention-on-balance-for-patients-with-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Hsin-Chieh Lee, Chia-Lin Huang, Sui-Hua Ho, Wen-Hsu Sung
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of virtual reality (VR) balance training conducted using Kinect for Xbox® games on patients with chronic stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty patients with mild to moderate motor deficits were recruited and randomly assigned to two groups: VR plus standard treatment group and standard treatment (ST) group. In total, 12 training sessions (90 minutes a session, twice a week) were conducted in both groups, and performance was assessed at three time points (pretest, post-test, and follow-up) by a blinded assessor...
August 3, 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771062/predicting-falls-in-older-adults-using-the-four-square-step-test
#7
Kimberly Cleary, Elena Skornyakov
The Four Square Step Test (FSST) is a performance-based balance tool involving stepping over four single-point canes placed on the floor in a cross configuration. The purpose of this study was to evaluate properties of the FSST in older adults who lived independently. Forty-five community dwelling older adults provided fall history and completed the FSST, Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Timed Up and Go (TUG), and Tinetti in random order. Future falls were recorded for 12 months following testing. The FSST accurately distinguished between non-fallers and multiple fallers, and the 15-second threshold score accurately distinguished multiple fallers from non-multiple fallers based on fall history...
August 3, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770893/effects-of-activity-repetition-training-with-salat-prayer-versus-task-oriented-training-on-functional-outcomes-of-stroke
#8
Misbah Ghous, Arshad Nawaz Malik, Mian Imran Amjad, Maria Kanwal
Stroke is one of most disabling condition which directly affects quality of life. The objective of this study was to compare the effect of activity repetition training with salat (prayer) versus task oriented training on functional outcomes of stroke. The study design was randomized control trial and 32 patients were randomly assigned into two groups'. The stroke including infarction or haemorrhagic, age bracket 30-70 years was included. The demographics were recorded and standardized assessment tool included Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Motor assessment scale (MAS) and Time Up and Go Test (TUG)...
July 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770664/hippotherapy-for-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial-ms-hippo
#9
Vanessa Vermöhlen, Petra Schiller, Sabine Schickendantz, Marion Drache, Sabine Hussack, Andreas Gerber-Grote, Dieter Pöhlau
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based complementary treatment options for multiple sclerosis (MS) are limited. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of hippotherapy plus standard care versus standard care alone in MS patients. METHODS: A total of 70 adults with MS were recruited in five German centers and randomly allocated to the intervention group (12 weeks of hippotherapy) or the control group. Primary outcome was the change in the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) after 12 weeks, and further outcome measures included fatigue, pain, quality of life, and spasticity...
August 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761321/sequence-variants-in-four-genes-underlying-bardet-biedl-syndrome-in-consanguineous-families
#10
Asmat Ullah, Muhammad Umair, Maryam Yousaf, Sher Alam Khan, Muhammad Nazim-Ud-Din, Khadim Shah, Farooq Ahmad, Zahid Azeem, Ghazanfar Ali, Bader Alhaddad, Afzal Rafique, Abid Jan, Tobias B Haack, Tim M Strom, Thomas Meitinger, Tahseen Ghous, Wasim Ahmad
PURPOSE: To investigate the molecular basis of Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) in five consanguineous families of Pakistani origin. METHODS: Linkage in two families (A and B) was established to BBS7 on chromosome 4q27, in family C to BBS8 on chromosome 14q32.1, and in family D to BBS10 on chromosome 12q21.2. Family E was investigated directly with exome sequence analysis. RESULTS: Sanger sequencing revealed two novel mutations and three previously reported mutations in the BBS genes...
2017: Molecular Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758074/efficacy-of-aquatic-treadmill-training-on-gait-symmetry-and-balance-in-subacute-stroke-patients
#11
Mi Eun Lee, Geun Yeol Jo, Hwan Kwon Do, Hee Eun Choi, Woo Jin Kim
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of aquatic treadmill training (ATT) as a new modality for stroke rehabilitation, by assessing changes in gait symmetry, balance function, and subjective balance confidence for the paretic and non-paretic leg in stroke patients. METHODS: Twenty-one subacute stroke patients participated in 15 intervention sessions of aquatic treadmill training. The Comfortable 10-Meter Walk Test (CWT), spatiotemporal gait parameters, Berg Balance Scale (BBS), and Activities-specific Balance Confidence scale (ABC) were assessed pre- and post-interventions...
June 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753627/nuclear-cytoplasmic-transport-defects-in-bbs6-underlie-congenital-heart-disease-through-perturbation-of-a-chromatin-remodeling-protein
#12
Charles Anthony Scott, Autumn N Marsden, Michael R Rebagliati, Qihong Zhang, Xitiz Chamling, Charles C Searby, Lisa M Baye, Val C Sheffield, Diane C Slusarski
Mutations in BBS6 cause two clinically distinct syndromes, Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS), a syndrome caused by defects in cilia transport and function, as well as McKusick-Kaufman syndrome, a genetic disorder characterized by congenital heart defects. Congenital heart defects are rare in BBS, and McKusick-Kaufman syndrome patients do not develop retinitis pigmentosa. Therefore, the McKusick-Kaufman syndrome allele may highlight cellular functions of BBS6 distinct from the presently understood functions in the cilia...
July 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748848/nine-hole-peg-test-and-ten-meter-walk-test-for-evaluating-functional-loss-in-chinese-charcot-marie-tooth-disease
#13
Hui-Xia Niu, Rui-Hao Wang, Hong-Liang Xu, Bo Song, Jing Yang, Chang-He Shi, Yu-Sheng Li, Bing-Qian Zhang, Shao-Ping Wang, Quan Yong, Yuan-Yuan Wang, Yu-Ming Xu
BACKGROUND: The 9-hole peg test (9-HPT) and 10-meter walk test (10-MWT) are commonly used to test finger motor function and walking ability. The aim of this present study was to investigate the efficacy of these tests for evaluating functional loss in Chinese Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease. METHODS: Thirty-four Chinese CMT patients (CMT group) from August 2015 to December 2016 were evaluated with 9-HPT, 10-MWT, CMT disease examination score, overall neuropathy limitation scale (ONLS), functional disability score, and Berg Balance Scale (BBS)...
August 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747039/prior-beta-blockers-use-is-independently-associated-with-increased-inpatient-mortality-in-patients-presenting-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#14
Yan Zhou, Suzhen Chen, Xiang Zhu, Junhong Gui, Khalid Abusaada
BACKGROUND: Beta blockers (BBs) are recommended for patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction. However, the effects of prior BBs use on inpatient mortality in patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are unknown. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of patients presenting with AMI in Florida Hospital Orlando from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2014. Data were collected prospectively, as part of the Acute Coronary Treatment and Intervention Outcomes Network (ACTION) Registry...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745525/balance-and-falls-in-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-prospective-study
#15
Cristino C Oliveira, Annemarie L Lee, Jennifer McGinley, Gary P Anderson, Ross A Clark, Michelle Thompson, Sandy Clarke, Tamara Baker, Louis B Irving, Linda Denehy
Individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have demonstrated balance impairment and a higher fall incidence. However, these have not been investigated in acute exacerbations of the disease (ECOPD). This study evaluates balance in patients during an ECOPD compared to stable COPD and healthy controls, and examines the fall incidence rate after hospitalisation due to ECOPD compared to individuals with stable COPD. Balance performance of 26 hospitalised patients with ECOPD was compared to 26 community-dwelling participants with stable COPD and 25 matched healthy controls...
July 26, 2017: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744049/the-effects-of-task-oriented-training-with-altered-sensory-input-on-balance-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke
#16
Min-Hee Park, Jong-Im Won
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of task-oriented training with altered somatosensory input on the balance ability of chronic stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-six subjects with chronic stroke were divided into an experimental group (n=14) and a control group (n=12). Both groups attended physical therapy sessions five times a week for four weeks. The experimental group performed additional, task-oriented training with altered sensory input three times a week for four weeks...
July 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739675/identification-of-the-regulon-of-aphb-and-its-essential-roles-in-luxr-and-exotoxin-asp-expression-in-the-pathogen-vibrio-alginolyticus
#17
Xiating Gao, Yang Liu, Huan Liu, Zhen Yang, Qin Liu, Yuanxing Zhang, Qiyao Wang
In Vibrios, AphB is essential to activate virulence cascades by sensing low pH and anaerobiosis signals. However, its regulon remains largely unknown. Here, AphB is found as a key virulence regulator in V. alginolyticus, a pathogen for marine animals and humans. Chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by high-throughput DNA sequencing (ChIP-seq) enabled the detection of 20 loci in the V. alginolyticus genome that contain AphB-binding peaks. An AphB-specific binding consensus was confirmed by electrophoretic mobility shift assays (EMSA), and the regulation of genes flanking such binding sites was demonstrated using quantitative real-time PCR analysis...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738740/a-systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-task-specific-rehabilitation-interventions-for-improving-independent-sitting-and-standing-function-in-spinal-cord-injury
#18
Cynthia M Tse, Amanda E Chisholm, Tania Lam, Janice J Eng
Context Impaired balance function after a spinal cord injury (SCI) hinders performance of daily activities. Objective To assess the evidence on the effectiveness of task-specific training on sitting and standing function in individuals with SCI across the continuum of care. Methods A systematic search was conducted on literature published to June 2016 using people (acute or chronic SCI), task-specific interventions compared to conventional physical therapy, and outcome (sitting or standing balance function)...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735720/a-randomized-controlled-trial-to-examine-the-impact-of-aquatic-exercise-training-on-functional-capacity-balance-and-perceptions-of-fatigue-in-female-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#19
Mehdi Kargarfard, Ardalan Shariat, Lee Ingle, Joshua A Cleland, Mina Kargarfard
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of 8-weeks aquatic exercise training program on functional capacity, balance, and perceptions of fatigue in women with multiple sclerosis (MS). DESIGN: A randomized controlled design. SETTING: Referral center of a multiple sclerosis society. PARTICIPANTS: Women (age: 36.4 ±8.2) diagnosed with relapsing-remitting (RR-type) MS. After undergoing baseline testing by a neurologist, participants were allocated to either an intervention (aquatic training program) or a control group...
July 20, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733551/antihypertensive-drug-use-and-breast-cancer-risk-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#20
Haibo Ni, Qin Rui, Xiaojue Zhu, Zhenquan Yu, Rong Gao, Huixiang Liu
We conducted a meta-analysis of observational studies to examine the hypothesized association between breast cancer and antihypertensive drug (AHT) use. Fixed- or random- effect models were used to calculate pooled risk ratios (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for all AHTs and individual classes (i.e., angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, [ACEi]; angiotensin-receptor blockers, [ARBs]; calcium channel blockers, [CCBs]; beta-blockers, [BBs], and diuretics). Twenty-one studies with 3,116,266 participants were included...
July 10, 2017: Oncotarget
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