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Arash Babaei-Ghazani, Hosein Mohammadi, Gholam Ali Shahidi, Seyed Amir Hasan Habibi, Bijan Forogh, Tannaz Ahadi, Bina Eftekharsadat
PURPOSE: Parkinson disease (PD) is one of the common causes of imbalance, and the balance assessment is necessary for treatment and rehabilitation of these patients. The Berg Balance Scale (BBS) has been the main instrument used to evaluate balance impairment. The purpose of this study is to investigate reliability and validity of the Persian translation of BBS in Parkinson disease. METHODS: One hundred PD patients (with mean age of 56.8 ± 15.13 years) were included...
December 2, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Geun-Young Park, Sun Im, Soo-Jung Lee, Chi-Un Pae
This study evaluated the association between post-stroke depression (PSD) and clinical outcomes, including activities of daily living (ADL) and gait balance, in patients with first-onset stroke. One hundred and eighty inpatients were recruited and followed-up for a 6-month. The depressive, cognitive, and stroke symptoms were assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Global Deterioration Scale (GDS), the modified Rankin Scale (MRS), and the Berg Balance Scale (BBS). All patients were assessed at baseline and at the end of the observation (6-month)...
November 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
Kavita Venkataraman, Michelle Morgan, Kristopher A Amis, Lawrence R Landerman, Gerald Ch Koh, Kevin Caves, Helen Hoenig
OBJECTIVE: To compare Berg Balance Scale (BBS) rating using videos with differing transmission characteristics against direct in-person rating DESIGN: Repeated measures study for assessment of BBS in eight configurations - in person, high definition video with slow motion review, standard videos with varying bandwidths and frame rates [768 kilobytes per second (kbps) videos at 8,15 and 30 frames per second (fps), 30 fps videos at 128, 384 and 768 kbps] SETTING: Durham VA Medical Center PARTICIPANTS: 45 patients with limitations in one or more of fine motor coordination, gross motor coordination, gait and balance...
November 25, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Jung-Wei Chang, Chung-Feng Hung, Ya-Chen Hsu, Yi-Ting Kao, Ching-Chang Lee
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and hexa-brominated biphenyls (Hexa-BBs) are bioaccumulative and aggregate in the food chain. Therefore, background monitoring and risk assessment for dietary intake are necessary. In present study, a systematic sampling method was first used to collect the high fat content foodstuff such as poultry, livestock, eggs, fish, other seafood, dairy products, and the infant foods and then foodstuff with high consumption in seven categories of 600 food samples. After integrating four years of background surveys of PBDE levels (2010-2013) and one year of that of Hexa-BBs (2013), the highest estimated daily intake (EDI) of PBDEs for Taiwanese food consumption was found in 0- to 3-year-olds (mean = 9...
January 2017: Environmental Pollution
Brett Burstein, Emmanuelle Fauteux-Lamarre, Adam Cheng, Dominic Chalut, Adam Bretholz
OBJECTIVES: Bier block (BB) is a safe and effective alternative to procedural sedation for analgesia during forearm fracture reductions, yet remains infrequently used in the pediatric emergency department (PED). No standardized methods of BB training have previously been described. The objective of this study was to determine whether a multimodal instructional course increases comfort with BB and translates to increased use of this technique. METHODS: A novel interdisciplinary simulation and Web-based training course was developed to teach the use of BB for forearm fracture reduction at a tertiary PED...
November 21, 2016: CJEM
Kris R Jatana, Keith Rhoades, Scott Milkovich, Ian N Jacobs
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Button battery (BB) injuries continue to be a significant source of morbidity and mortality, and there is a need to confirm the mechanism of injury for development of additional mitigation strategies. STUDY DESIGN: Cadaveric piglet esophageal model. METHODS: Lithium, silver oxide, alkaline, and zinc-air BBs were placed in thawed sections of cadaveric piglet esophagus, bathed in normal saline. Severity of gross visual burn, pH, and temperature were recorded every 30 minutes for 6 hours...
November 9, 2016: Laryngoscope
Nurdan Paker, Derya Bugdayci, Ufuk Basaran Demircioglu, Feride Sabirli, Sevda Ozel
BACKGROUND: Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC) scale is a well known tool to evaluate the functional balance. Balance impairment may accompany to knee osteoarthritis. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the reliability and validity of the Turkish version of ABC in knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: Forty-nine patients with knee osteoarthritis were included. All the participants were evaluated by ABC and Berg Balance Scale (BBS). Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) was used for the assessment of the knee related condition...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
Fokke B van Meulen, Dirk Weenk, Edwin H F van Asseldonk, H Martin Schepers, Peter H Veltink, Jaap H Buurke
BACKGROUND: An important objective of rehabilitation care is to regain adequate balance function to safely ambulate in community. However, in rehabilitation practice, it remains unclear if a stroke survivor functionally recovers by restitution or by learning to compensate for the lack of restoration of body function. Aim of this study is to propose and evaluate methods for the objective evaluation of balance during functional walking in stroke survivors. METHODS: Stroke survivors performed twice a Timed "Up & Go" (TUG) test...
2016: PloS One
Rajendrakumar Parakh, Dhananjaya Matapadi Nairy
Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is one of the rare autosomal recessive disorders that affect multiple organs of the body. The signs and symptoms of this condition vary among affected individuals, even among members of the same family. We present a case of BBS with features of hypogonadism and features such as marked central obesity, retinitis pigmentosa, polydactyly, renal abnormalities and mental retardation, along with a brief review of the literature. The patient had end stage renal disease and managed with dialysis...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
Sathya Priya, Sheela Nampoothiri, Parveen Sen, S Sripriya
Primary cilia play a key role in sensory perception and various signaling pathways. Any defect in them leads to group of disorders called ciliopathies, and Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS, OMIM 209900) is one among them. The disorder is clinically and genetically heterogeneous, with various primary and secondary clinical manifestations, and shows autosomal recessive inheritance and highly prevalent in inbred/consanguineous populations. The disease mapped to at least twenty different genes (BBS1-BBS20), follow oligogenic inheritance pattern...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Meliha Kasapoğlu Aksoy, Lale Altan, Burcu Ökmen Metin
: INTRODUCTİON: Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a chronic disease characterized by diffuse pain of unknown cause, fatigue, sleep disorders, cognitive dysfunction and sensitivity. Fibromyalgia was shown to be associated with balance problems and increased incidence of falls. There are many theoretical mechanisms related to the impact of vitamin D on postural control. The aim of the current study was to investigate the relationship between vitamin 25(OH)D levels and pain, balance and daily activities in patients with FMS...
November 16, 2016: Modern Rheumatology
Anna Carling, Anette Forsberg, Martin Gunnarsson, Ylva Nilsagård
BACKGROUND: Imbalance leading to falls is common in people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a balance group exercise programme (CoDuSe) on balance and walking in PwMS (Expanded Disability Status Scale, 4.0-7.5). METHODS: A multi-centre, randomized, controlled single-blinded pilot study with random allocation to early or late start of exercise, with the latter group serving as control group for the physical function measures...
November 10, 2016: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
W Naumnik, B Naumnik, W Niklińska, M Ossolińska, E Chyczewska
Osteoprotegerin (OPG), a soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor family molecule, protects endothelial cells from apoptosis in vitro and promotes neovascularization in vivo. Angiogenesis may be crucial for the course and outcome of sarcoidosis. In this study, we evaluated the clinical usefulness of OPG and its ligand, a soluble receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB (sRANKL), in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) in patients with sarcoidosis (BBS, Besniera-Boeck-Schaumann disease). We studied 22 BBS patients and 15 healthy volunteers as a control group...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Alda Marques, Alexandre Silva, Ana Oliveira, Joana Cruz, Ana Machado, Cristina Jácome
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The Berg Balance Scale (BBS), the Balance Evaluation Systems Test (BESTest), the Mini-BESTest, and the Brief-BESTest are useful tests to assess balance; however, their psychometric properties have not been studied well in older adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D). This study compared the validity and relative ability of the BBS, BESTest, Mini-BESTest, and Brief-BESTest to identify fall status in older adults with T2D. METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional design...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
Edoardo Rosario de Natale, Kai Stephan Paulus, Elena Aiello, Battistina Sanna, Andrea Manca, Giovanni Sotgiu, Paolo Tranquilli Leali, Franca Deriu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of Dance Therapy (DT) and Traditional Rehabilitation (TR) on both motor and cognitive domains in Parkinson's Disease patients (PD) with postural instability. METHODS: Sixteen PD patients with recent history of falls were divided in two groups (Dance Therapy, DT and Traditional Rehabilitation, TR); nine patients received 1-hour DT classes twice per week, completing 20 lessons within 10 weeks; seven patients received a similar cycle of 20 group sessions of 60 minutes TR...
October 31, 2016: NeuroRehabilitation
Jin-Seung Choi, Dong-Won Kang, Jeong-Woo Seo, Dae-Hyeok Kim, Seung-Tae Yang, Gye-Rae Tack
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to compare the differences in muscle strength and postural balance between fallers and non-fallers. We also compared the difference between normal and impaired balance groups using the same subjects and the same variables. [Subjects and Methods] Seventy-one healthy elderly females (age: 75.1 ± 75 years; weight: 57.3 ± 57 kg; height: 150.1 ± 15 cm) who had high levels of physical activity participated [25 fallers (FG) vs. 46 non-fallers (NG); and 52 healthy balance group (HBG) and 19 impaired balance group (IBG) subjects]...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Adrianna Borowicz, Ewa Zasadzka, Agnieszka Gaczkowska, Olga Gawłowska, Mariola Pawlaczyk
[Purpose] The risk of falls in the elderly is an important public health problem. Suitable tests may help detect those at risk of falling. This study determined which balance test for older adults generates the most reliable results in terms of fall risk assessment, based on the number of falls over the last 12 months. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 153 individuals (31 males, 122 females, aged 76.67 ± 8.3 years; median 76.5, range 65-94) were investigated. The subjects were subdivided between fallers (a fall over the last 12 months) and non-fallers (no falls over the last 12 months)...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Jacek Szczygielski, Andreas Müller, Angelika E Mautes, Christoph Sippl, Cosmin Glameanu, Karsten Schwerdtfeger, Wolf-Ingo Steudel, Joachim Oertel
Hypothermia and decompressive craniectomy have been considered as treatment for traumatic brain injury. The present study investigates whether selective brain hypothermia added to craniectomy could improve neurological outcome after brain trauma. Male CD-1 mice were assigned into the following groups: sham, decompressive craniectomy (DC), closed head injury (CHI), CHI followed by craniectomy (CHI+DC), CHI+DC followed by focal hypothermia (CHI+DC+H). At 24h posttrauma animals were subjected to Neurological Severity Score test (NSS) and Beam Balance Score test (BBS)...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
Dae-Hyouk Bang, Won-Seob Shin
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with impairment in balance and postural control, accompanied by a progressive reduction in the speed and amplitude of movement. AIMS: The aim of our study was to evaluate the therapeutic effects of Nordic walking on a treadmill on the balance function and walking ability of individuals with PD. METHOD: Twenty participants with stage 1-3 PD in the Hoehn and Yahr scale were randomly allocated to the Nordic walking training (NWT) group and treadmill training (TT) group, with ten participants per group...
October 31, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Junichi Tanaka, Takeshi Hayashi, Hiroyoshi Iwata
A new plant breeding method-the biotron breeding system (BBS)-can rapidly produce advanced generations in rice (Oryza sativa L.) breeding. This method uses a growth chamber (biotron) with CO2 control, accompanied by tiller removal and embryo rescue to decrease the period before seed maturity. However, tiller removal and embryo rescue are laborious and impractical for large populations. We investigated the influences of increased CO2, tiller removal, and root restriction on the days to heading (DTH) from seeding in growth chambers...
September 2016: Breeding Science
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