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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090182/supervised-versus-home-exercise-training-programs-on-functional-balance-in-older-subjects
#1
Enas Fawzy Youssef, Alsayed Abd Elhameed Shanb
BACKGROUND: Aging is associated with a progressive decline in physical capabilities and a disturbance of both postural control and daily living activities. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of supervised versus home exercise programs on muscle strength, balance and functional activities in older participants. METHODS: Forty older participants were equally assigned to a supervised exercise program (group-I) or a home exercise program (group-II). Each participant performed the exercise program for 35-45 minutes, two times per week for four months...
November 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079635/influences-of-age-obesity-and-adverse-drug-effects-on-balance-and-mobility-testing-scores-in-ambulatory-older-adults
#2
Eric Anson, Elizabeth Thompson, Brian L Odle, John Jeka, Zachary F Walls, Peter C Panus
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The adverse effects of drugs may influence results on tests of mobility and balance, but the drug-specific impact is not identified when using these tests. We propose that a quantitative drug index (QDI) will assist in assessing fall risk based on these tests, when combined with other fall risk variables. METHODS: Fifty-seven community-dwelling older adults who could walk independently on a treadmill and had Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores equal to or greater than 24 participated...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070922/an-open-label-randomized-control-trial-of-hopping-and-jumping-training-versus-sensorimotor-rehabilitation-programme-on-postural-capacities-in-individuals-with-intellectual-disabilities
#3
Rihab Borji, Sonia Sahli, Rym Baccouch, Rabeb Laatar, Hiba Kachouri, Haithem Rebai
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of a hopping and jumping training programme (HJP) versus a sensorimotor rehabilitation programme (SRP) on postural performances in children with intellectual disability. METHODS: Three groups of children with intellectual disability participated in the study: the HJP group, the SRP group and a control group. Postural capacities were tested with the Berg Balance Scale (BBS) and the Tinetti tests. The HJP and the SRP groups participated in the training programmes for eight weeks...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048771/su-f-j-37-commissioning-a-six-degree-of-freedom-couch
#4
D Roberts, K Lam, J Bredfeldt, E Covington
PURPOSE: The proper operation of a six degree of freedom couch (6DOFC) to position a patient for treatment requires that a number systems on the treatment unit work together correctly. Commissioning a 6DOFC requires not only the commissioning of each separate system but also commissioning the interactions between the systems. METHODS: To commission a 6DOFC, we tested the resolvers that readout the linear and angular positions; the orthogonality of the axes of the laser positioning system, the imaging system, the gantry and the couch as well as their relationship to each other...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046920/su-f-j-188-clinical-implementation-of-in-room-mobile-ct-for-image-guided-proton-therapy
#5
H Li, R Wu, F Poenisch, L Zhang, M Palmer, A Gautam, N Sahoo, X Zhang, P Balter, M Gillin, B Gunn, S Frank, X Zhu
PURPOSE: To implement soft-tissue image-guided proton therapy using inroom mobile CT. METHODS: Anthropomorphic phantom was first used to determine the setup accuracy using in- room mobile CT. Laser and bbs were used for the initial setup (marked isocenter). CT data was then acquired with in-room mobile CT (daily CT). The shift between the marked isocenter and the planned isocenter (final isocenter) was determined from the daily CT using in-house Computer Assisted Targeting (CAT) software...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044398/examining-the-validity-and-sensitivity-to-change-of-the-5-and-10-sit-to-stand-tests-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#6
Ylva Nilsagård, Malin Andreasson, Anna Carling, Helena Vesterlin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sit-to-stand transfers are frequently performed, and transfers have been associated with fall risk among people with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). There is limited research regarding the validity of sit-to-stand tests (STSs) in PwMS. The purpose of this study was to investigate the concurrent, divergent, and discriminant validity and sensitivity to change of the 5 and 10 STSs. METHODS: A repeated-measurement design was used, with data collected before and directly after a 7-week intervention, as well as prospectively reported near-fall incidents and falls during a 14-week period...
January 3, 2017: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036137/an-integrated-population-model-for-bird-monitoring-in-north-america
#7
Farshid S Ahrestani, James F Saracco, John R Sauer, Keith Pardieck, J Andrew Royle
Integrated population models (IPMs) provide a unified framework for simultaneously analyzing data sets of different types to estimate vital rates, population size, and dynamics; assess contributions of demographic parameters to population changes; and assess population viability. Strengths of an IPM include the ability to estimate latent parameters and improve the precision of parameter estimates. We present a hierarchical IPM that combines two broad-scale avian monitoring data sets; count data from the North American Breeding Bird Survey (BBS) and capture-recapture data from the Monitoring Avian Productivity and Survivorship (MAPS) program...
December 30, 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017328/an-actin-network-dispatches-ciliary-gpcrs-into-extracellular-vesicles-to-modulate-signaling
#8
Andrew R Nager, Jaclyn S Goldstein, Vicente Herranz-Pérez, Didier Portran, Fan Ye, Jose Manuel Garcia-Verdugo, Maxence V Nachury
Signaling receptors dynamically exit cilia upon activation of signaling pathways such as Hedgehog. Here, we find that when activated G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) fail to undergo BBSome-mediated retrieval from cilia back into the cell, these GPCRs concentrate into membranous buds at the tips of cilia before release into extracellular vesicles named ectosomes. Unexpectedly, actin and the actin regulators drebrin and myosin 6 mediate ectosome release from the tip of cilia. Mirroring signal-dependent retrieval, signal-dependent ectocytosis is a selective and effective process that removes activated signaling molecules from cilia...
January 12, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990168/traditional-chinese-mind-and-body-exercises-for-promoting-balance-ability-of-old-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Shihui Chen, Yanjie Zhang, Yong Tai Wang, Xiao Lei Liu
The purpose of this study was to provide a quantitative evaluation of the effectiveness of traditional Chinese mind and body exercises in promoting balance ability for old adults. The eligible studies were extensively searched from electronic databases (Medline, CINAHL, SportDicus, and Web of Science) until 10 May 2016. Reference lists of relevant publications were screened for future hits. The trials used randomized controlled approaches to compare the effects of traditional Chinese mind and body exercise (TCMBE) on balance ability of old adults that were included...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984625/-progress-of-research-on-the-pathogenesis-of-obesity-in-bardet-biedl-syndrome
#10
Hongdan Sheng, Zongli Wang, Tao Shen
Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterized by retinopathy, obesity, and polydactyly. So far 21 candidate genes have been discovered, and mutations of such genes can all cause the BBS phenotype. As one of the main features of the disease, the obesity in BBS has been associated with leptin resistance and abnormal adipogenesis. However, its molecular etiology is not yet completely clear. Here the molecular mechanism of BBS-associated obesity is reviewed.
December 10, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977519/a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-characteristics-of-individuals-with-parkinson-disease-who-avoid-activities-and-participation-due-to-fear-of-falling
#11
Merrill R Landers, Morgan Lopker, Molly Newman, Russell Gourlie, Spencer Sorensen, Rithea Vong
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Avoidance behavior can have deleterious consequences on health and quality of life for persons with Parkinson disease (PD); for this reason, it is important to identify potentially mitigable characteristics. We compared the characteristics of individuals with PD who exhibit fear of falling (FOF) avoidance behavior with those who do not. METHODS: Fifty-nine participants with PD were classified as avoiders (n = 27) or nonavoiders (n = 32) by using the Fear of Falling Avoidance Behavior Questionnaire and compared across 5 domains: demographic characteristics; PD-specific symptoms (subtype, Movement Disorder Society-Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale [MDS-UPDRS], Hoehn and Yahr Scale, Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire-39 [PDQ-39]); balance and falls (fall history, Berg Balance Scale [BBS], Activities-Specific Balance Confidence [ABC] Scale, Impact of Events Scale, Consequences of Falling Questionnaire [CoFQ]); physical performance (30 Second Sit-to-Stand Test, Timed Up and Go Test, physical activity monitoring); and psychological factors (Zung Anxiety Scale, Beck Depression Inventory [BDI])...
January 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969791/tct-437-clinical-outcome-of-coronary-bifurcation-management-with-a-fully-bioresorbable-technique-results-of-the-multicentre-bbs-study
#12
Bernardo Cortese, Azeem Latib, Davide Piraino, Luca Testa, Alfonso Ielasi, Salvatore Geraci, Akihito Tanaka, Dario Buccheri, Roberto Adriano Latini, Pedro Leon Silva Orrego, Antonio Colombo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965711/the-buried-bumper-syndrome-external-bumper-extraction-after-radial-mini-incisions-and-replacement-through-an-adjacent-tract
#13
M A Benatta
Although considered as a safe method to provide long-term nutritional support, percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) may be complicated by a buried bumper syndrome (BBS), a life-threatening condition. Removal of the PEG tube with its buried bumper and reinsertion of a new PEG tube is often necessary. Since its description in 1988, less than 50 cases of BBS managed by external extraction of the buried bumper have been reported. We report a case of buried bumper that was removed by external traction without the need for endoscopic or laparoscopic treatment but with the need of two radial millimeter skin incisions after abdominal CT study and finally immediate PEG replacement but through an adjacent site...
2016: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965005/wearable-sensor-based-biofeedback-training-for-balance-and-gait-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Ilaria Carpinella, Davide Cattaneo, Gianluca Bonora, Thomas Bowman, Laura Martina, Angelo Montesano, Maurizio Ferrarin
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the feasibility and efficacy of a novel system (Gamepad) for biofeedback rehabilitation in Parkinson's Disease (PD). It is hypothesized that Gamepad-based training is feasible and provides larger improvements of balance and gait, compared to physiotherapy without biofeedback. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTINGS: Clinical rehabilitation gym. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-two PD subjects randomized into Experimental (EG) and Control Group (CG)...
December 10, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942147/effects-of-elastic-band-resistance-exercise-on-balance-mobility-and-gait-function-flexibility-and-fall-efficacy-in-elderly-people
#15
Cheol-Jin Kwak, You Lim Kim, Suk Min Lee
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of elastic-band resistance exercise on balance, gait function, flexibility and fall efficacy in the elderly people of rural community. [Subjects and Methods] It is selected by 45 outpatients. They have come into the clinic continually to treat of physical therapy at least 1-2 times for a week. A group treated with both general physical therapy and elastic-band resistance exercise (23 patients), and the other group treated with only general physical therapy (22 patients)...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930654/whole-organism-developmental-expression-profiling-identifies-rab-28-as-a-novel-ciliary-gtpase-associated-with-the-bbsome-and-intraflagellar-transport
#16
Victor L Jensen, Stephen Carter, Anna A W M Sanders, Chunmei Li, Julie Kennedy, Tiffany A Timbers, Jerry Cai, Noemie Scheidel, Breandán N Kennedy, Ryan D Morin, Michel R Leroux, Oliver E Blacque
Primary cilia are specialised sensory and developmental signalling devices extending from the surface of most eukaryotic cells. Defects in these organelles cause inherited human disorders (ciliopathies) such as retinitis pigmentosa and Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS), frequently affecting many physiological and developmental processes across multiple organs. Cilium formation, maintenance and function depend on intracellular transport systems such as intraflagellar transport (IFT), which is driven by kinesin-2 and IFT-dynein motors and regulated by the Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) cargo-adaptor protein complex, or BBSome...
December 2016: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928558/hue-based-quantification-of-mechanochromism-towards-a-cost-effective-detection-of-mechanical-strain-in-polymer-systems
#17
A Battisti, P Minei, A Pucci, R Bizzarri
HSV is a digital colour space easily accessible by the transformation of RGB images. In this work, the hue parameter H was used to assess mechanically induced colour changes of the aggregation-sensitive fluorescent dye 4,4'-bis-(2-benzoxazolyl)stilbene (BBS), thus implementing a cheap and reliable method for the detection of mechanical deformation in a polymer matrix.
December 20, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927030/falls-prevention-and-balance-rehabilitation-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-bi-centre-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Davide Cattaneo, Kamila Rasova, Elisa Gervasoni, Gabriela Dobrovodská, Angelo Montesano, Johanna Jonsdottir
PURPOSE: People with Multiple Sclerosis (PwMS) have a high incidence of accidental falls that have a potentially detrimental effect on their daily life participation. The effect of balance specific rehabilitation on clinical balance measures and frequency of falls in PwMS was studied. METHOD: A bi-centre randomised rater-blinded controlled trial. Participants in both groups received 20 treatment sessions. Participants in the intervention group received treatment aimed at improving balance and mobility...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924167/reduction-of-falls-and-factors-affecting-falls-a-year-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-in-elderly-patients-with-severe-knee-osteoarthritis
#19
T Tsonga, M Michalopoulou, S Kapetanakis, E Giovannopoulou, P Malliou, G Godolias, P Soucacos
BACKGROUND: Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) is a common surgical treatment for severe knee Osteoarthritis (OA), which generally improves pain, physical function, quality of life and possibly fall risk. Fall risk increases for older adults with severe knee OA; however it has not been studied extensively whether this parameter is improved after TKA. OBJECTIVE: To investigate: a) the history and frequency of falls, including mechanism or causes of falls, injuries sustained from falls reported, activity during falling and location of falls and, b) the factors affecting falls, a year after TKA in elderly patients with severe knee OA...
2016: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914023/reliability-and-validity-of-the-persian-translation-of-berg-balance-scale-in-parkinson-disease
#20
Arash Babaei-Ghazani, Hosein Mohammadi, Gholam Ali Shahidi, Seyed Amir Hasan Habibi, Bijan Forogh, Tannaz Ahadi, Bina Eftekharsadat
PURPOSE: Parkinson disease (PD) is one of the common causes of imbalance, and the balance assessment is necessary for treatment and rehabilitation of these patients. The Berg Balance Scale (BBS) has been the main instrument used to evaluate balance impairment. The purpose of this study is to investigate reliability and validity of the Persian translation of BBS in Parkinson disease. METHODS: One hundred PD patients (with mean age of 56.8 ± 15.13 years) were included...
December 2, 2016: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
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