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Kai Ren, Xiao-Ming Gong, Rong Zhang, Xiu-Hui Chen
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of virtual reality (VR) training on the gross motor function of the lower limb and the fine motor function of the upper limb in children with spastic diplegia cerebral palsy. METHODS: Thirty-five children with spastic diplegia cerebral palsy were randomly assigned to VR training group (n=19) and conventional training group (n=16). The conventional training group received conventional physical therapy and occupational therapy for three months...
October 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Susanne Bendesgaard Pedersen, Jens Cosedis Nielsen, Hans Erik Bøtker, Jeffrey J Goldberger
BACKGROUND: Beta-blocker (BB) therapy after myocardial infarction (MI) reduces all-cause mortality. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate BB dosing patterns and compliance following MI. METHODS: Using medical patient files and nationwide databases, we identified 100 patients who were discharged following MI in 2012 from Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark, and subsequently redeemed one or more BB prescriptions within 6 months...
September 2016: Drugs—Real World Outcomes
Mingming Zhao, Caiyou Hu, Zhixin Wu, Yu Chen, Zhengming Li, Mingsheng Zhang
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of a new exercise training regimen, i.e. coordination and manipulation therapy (CMT), on motor, balance, and cardiac functions in patients with Parkinson disease (PD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We divided 36 PD patients into the CMT (n = 22) and control (n = 14) groups. The patients in the CMT group performed dry-land swimming (imitation of the breaststroke) and paraspinal muscle stretching for 30 min/workday for 1 year. The control subjects did not exercise regularly...
October 14, 2016: International Journal of Neuroscience
Mario Iannaccone, Fabrizio D Ascenzo, Ovidio De Filippo, Marco Gagliardi, Danielle A Southern, Sergio Raposeiras-Roubín, Emad Abu-Assi, Jose Paulo Simao Henriques, Jorge Saucedo, José Ramón González-Juanatey, Stephen B Wilton, Wouter J Kikkert, Iván Nuñez-Gil, Albert Ariza-Sole, Xiantao Song, Dimitrios Alexopoulos, Christoph Liebetrau, Tetsuma Kawaji, Zenon Huczek, Shao-Ping Nie, Toshiharu Fujii, Luis Correia, Masa-Aki Kawashiri, José María García-Acuña, Emilio Alfonso, Belén Terol, Alberto Garay, Dongfeng Zhang, Yalei Chen, Ioanna Xanthopoulou, Neriman Osman, Helge Möllmann, Hiroki Shiomi, Michal Kowara, Krzysztof Filipiak, Xiao Wang, Yan Yan, Jing-Yao Fan, Yuji Ikari, Takuya Nakahashi, Kenji Sakata, Masakazu Yamagishi, Claudio Moretti, Fiorenzo Gaita, Oliver Kalpak, Sasko Kedev
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to define the most appropriate treatment for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in patients with malignancy. METHODS AND RESULTS: The BleeMACS project is a worldwide multicenter observational prospective registry in 16 hospitals enrolling patients with ACS undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Primary endpoints were death, re-infarction, and major adverse cardiac events (MACE; composite of death and re-infarction) after 1 year of follow-up...
October 13, 2016: American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs: Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions
Lianghua Chen, Junqi Chen, Qiyuan Peng, Jingjie Chen, Yucong Zou, Gang Liu
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the effect of sling exercise training (SET) on balance in patients with stroke. METHODS: PubMed, Cochrane Library, Ovid LWW, CBM, CNKI, WanFang, and VIP databases were searched for randomized controlled trials of the effect of SET on balance in patients with stroke. The study design and participants were subjected to metrological analysis. Berg balance Scale (BBS), Barthel index score (BI), and Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA) were used as independent parameters for evaluating balance function, activities of daily living(ADL) and motor function after stroke respectively, and were subjected to meta-analysis by RevMan5...
2016: PloS One
Ece Çınar, Yeşim Akkoç, Hale Karapolat, Raika Durusoy, Gökhan Keser
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the impact of postural deformities caused by ankylosing spondylitis (AS) on balance problems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study included 29 patients with AS and 21 healthy controls. For assessing exercise capacity and dynamic balance, timed up and go test, five times sit-to-stand test, gait speed, and 6-min walk test were performed. Romberg tests were used to evaluate static balance and proprioception, whereas Dynamic Gait Index (DGI), Functional Gait Assessment (FGA), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Activity Specific Balance Confidence Scale (ABC), Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI), and functional reach test were used to assess dynamic balance and the risk of falling...
March 2016: Eur J Rheumatol
Maleeha Maria, Ideke J C Lamers, Miriam Schmidts, Muhammad Ajmal, Sulman Jaffar, Ehsan Ullah, Bilal Mustafa, Shakeel Ahmad, Katia Nazmutdinova, Bethan Hoskins, Erwin van Wijk, Linda Koster-Kamphuis, Muhammad Imran Khan, Phil L Beales, Frans P M Cremers, Ronald Roepman, Maleeha Azam, Heleen H Arts, Raheel Qamar
Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is an autosomal recessive disorder that is both genetically and clinically heterogeneous. To date 19 genes have been associated with BBS, which encode proteins active at the primary cilium, an antenna-like organelle that acts as the cell's signaling hub. In the current study, a combination of mutation screening, targeted sequencing of ciliopathy genes associated with BBS, and whole-exome sequencing was used for the genetic characterization of five families including four with classic BBS symptoms and one BBS-like syndrome...
October 6, 2016: Scientific Reports
Willeke F Westendorp, Jan-Dirk Vermeij, Matthijs C Brouwer, Y B W E M Roos, Paul J Nederkoorn, Diederik van de Beek
BACKGROUND: Stroke-associated infections occur frequently and are associated with unfavorable outcome. Previous cohort studies suggest a protective effect of beta-blockers (BBs) against infections. A sympathetic drive may increase immune suppression and infections. AIM: This study is aimed at investigating the association between BB treatment at baseline and post-stroke infection in the Preventive Antibiotics in Stroke Study (PASS), a prospective clinical trial...
October 5, 2016: Cerebrovascular Diseases
A Bianco Prevot, F Baino, D Fabbri, F Franzoso, G Magnacca, R Nisticò, A Arques
Caffeine-photosensitized degradation has been studied in the presence of bio-based materials derived from urban biowaste after aerobic aging. A peculiar fraction (namely bio-based substances (BBSs)), soluble in all the pH range, has been used as photosensitizing agent. Several caffeine photodegradation tests have been performed, and positive results have been obtained in the presence of BBSs and H2O2, without and with additional Fe(II) (photo-Fenton-like process). Moreover, hybrid magnetite-BBS nanoparticles have been synthesized and characterized, in order to improve the sensitizer recovery and reuse after the caffeine degradation...
September 30, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Damir Jelusic, Matthias L Zirk, Tim Fienitz, Darije Plancak, Ivan Puhar, Daniel Rothamel
OBJECTIVES: To compare a monophasic (100% ß-TCP) and a biphasic (60% HA and 40% ß-TCP) bone substitute material (BSM) regarding biocompatibility, osteoconductivity and implant stability using histological, radiological and resonance frequency analysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-seven sinus floor elevations were performed in 60 patients. One patient group (monophasic bone substitute [MBS], 30 patients, 32 sinuses) was augmented by the use of the monophasic material (Bioresorb(®) , Sybron Implant Solutions, Bremen, Germany), while the second group (biphasic bone substitute (BBS), 30 patients, 35 sinuses) received a biphasic material (Maxresorb(®) , Botiss Biomaterials, Berlin, Germany)...
September 29, 2016: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Aurelien Hugues, Julie Di Marco, Perrine Janiaud, Isabelle Bonan, Francois Gueyffier, Gilles Rode
OBJECTIVE: Balance disorders are frequently seen after stroke resulting in limited physical activities. The effects of current physical rehabilitations aiming at reducing postural imbalance are varied with low levels of evidence. OBJECTIVES: i) to determine the efficiency of physical rehabilitation methods on the recovery of postural imbalance in patients after stroke; ii) to assess which method is more effective when compared with one another. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Search strategy: we searched Medline, Embase, Pedro, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Pascal and Francis from inception to October 2015...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Marie Lumeau, Mathieu Lempereur, Emmanuel Sonnet, Olivier Remy Neris
OBJECTIVE: Distal sensorimotor polyneuropathy (DPN) is a leading risk factor of developing ulcer, including increased pressures at the forefoot. The rocker sole shoes are prescribed to decrease pressures but could induce instability [1]. The aim of this study was to compare the postural stability between normal shoes (NS) and rocker sole shoes (RSS) in patients with type 2 diabetes and DPN. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this preliminary, randomized, controlled study, NS and RSS were compared during static standing and gait...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Jacques Vaillant, Sophie Pissety, Silvia Martinez, Robert Juvin
OBJECTIVE: If subjects with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) firstly describe painful and fatigue syndromes, secondly some of them described latent postural disorders or frailty. If decrease of postural performance has been described on osteoarthritis diseases of lower limb, it is unknown on fibromyalgia. The aim of this study was to assess clinical perform on balance and gait of patients with FMS. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: The sample was selected in-patients or in consultation in the rheumatology department and from those patients participating in a programme of rehabilitation...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Arlene A Schmid, Marieke Van Puymbroeck, Jennifer D Portz, Karen E Atler, Christine A Fruhauf
OBJECTIVE: To examine the feasibility and benefits of the Merging Yoga and Occupational Therapy (MY-OT) intervention. DESIGN: This is the primary analysis of a non-controlled pretest-posttest pilot study to understand the feasibility and impact of MY-OT on balance, balance self-efficacy, and fall risk factor management in people with chronic stroke. SETTING: University research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: People with chronic stroke were included in the study if they: had sustained a fall or had fear of falling, were able to stand, and hand impaired balance and were at risk for falls (≤46 on the Berg Balance Scale (BBS))...
October 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
K Chan, K Guy, G Shah, J Golla, H M Flett, J Williams, K E Musselman
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective chart review. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the convergent validity, internal consistency and use of the Community Balance & Mobility Scale (CB&M) in individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI) during inpatient rehabilitation. SETTING: This study was conducted in an SCI rehabilitation center in Canada. METHODS: Inpatient charts from January 2009 to October 2015 were screened...
September 27, 2016: Spinal Cord
Claire E Stewart, Mohamed Mutalib, Akhilesh Pradhan, Christopher Bassett, David Drake, Manasvi Upadhyaya
OBJECTIVE: Buried bumper syndrome (BBS) is a serious complication in gastrostomy-dependent children. Many need surgical correction. On account of comorbidities, this becomes a high-risk procedure. Our aim was to review the incidence of BBS in children and to identify the risk factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective review of patients' records over 10 years, 2006-2015, was carried out. Types of tubes, operative interventions, comorbidities and records were noted...
September 23, 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Bahram Sangelaji, Mohammadreza Kordi, Farzaneh Banihashemi, Seyed Massood Nabavi, Sara Khodadadeh, Maryam Dastoorpoor
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a neurological disease with a variety of signs and symptoms. Exercise therapy has been shown to improve physical functions in MS. However, questions about an optimal exercise therapy remain. In this regard, we suggest a combined exercise therapy including aerobic and resistance exercises for MS patients. The study is designed to observe, test and compare the effects of proposed combined exercises on strength, balance, agility, fatigue, speed, and walking distance in people with mild to moderate MS [0 < expanded disability status scale (EDSS) < 5]...
July 6, 2016: Iranian Journal of Neurology
Yushi Chu, Jing Ren, Jianzhong Zhang, Gangding Peng, Jun Yang, Pengfei Wang, Libo Yuan
Erbium doped bismuth borosilicate (BBS) glasses, possessing the broadest 1.55 μm near infrared (NIR) emission band among oxide glasses, stand out as excellent fiber material for optical fiber amplifiers. In this work, we demonstrate that both broadened and enhanced NIR emission of Er(3+) can be obtained by sensibly combining the effects such as mixed glass former effect, phonon-assisted energy transfer (PAET) and de-excitation effect induced by codopant. Specially, by codoping CeO2 in a controlled manner, it leads to not only much improved optical quality of the glasses, enhanced NIR emission, but also significantly suppressed energy transfer up-conversion (ETU) luminescence which is detrimental to the NIR emission...
2016: Scientific Reports
W Naumnik, B Naumnik, W Niklińska, M Ossolińska, E Chyczewska
Osteoprotegerin (OPG), a soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor family molecule, protects endothelial cells from apoptosis in vitro and promotes neovascularization in vivo. Angiogenesis may be crucial for the course and outcome of sarcoidosis. In this study, we evaluated the clinical usefulness of OPG and its ligand, a soluble receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB (sRANKL), in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) in patients with sarcoidosis (BBS, Besniera-Boeck-Schaumann disease). We studied 22 BBS patients and 15 healthy volunteers as a control group...
September 20, 2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
William C Cushman
Beginning with the Veterans Administration (VA) Cooperative Hypertension Study of the 1960 s, blood pressure (BP) lowering with antihypertensive medications has been shown to reduce major cardiovascular (CV) outcomes, including coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure (HF) and CV and all-cause mortality in randomized controlled CV outcome trials. Multiple drugs were usually required in these trials to lower BP in treated participants. Medication regimens in the early trials, including the VA trial, included a thiazide-type diuretic (TTD) as initial therapy...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
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