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african journal of emergency medicine

Stevan R Bruijns, Megan Banner, Gabrielle A Jacquet
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Researchers from low- and middle-income countries have limited access to publishing and editing resources. This study describes a journal-initiated platform to improve publication quantity and quality in Sub-Saharan Africa emergency care research: Author Assist. METHODS: This is a descriptive report of a quality improvement project of referrals to the African Journal of Emergency Medicine's (AfJEM's) Author Assist program between January 2011 and December 2015...
April 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
Waleed M Sweileh, Ansam F Sawalha, Samah W Al-Jabi, Sa'ed H Zyoud, Naser Y Shraim, Adham S Abu-Taha
BACKGROUND: Emergence of insecticide resistance in malaria vectors is a real threat to future goals of elimination and control of malaria. Therefore, the objective of this study was to assess research trend on insecticide resistance of Anopheles mosquito. In specific, number of publications, countries, institutions, and authors' research profile, citation analysis, international collaborations, and impact of journals publishing documents on insecticide resistance will be presented. It was conducted via Scopus search engine which was used to retrieve relevant data...
November 25, 2016: Globalization and Health
Frederick M Wekesah, Chidozie E Mbada, Adamson S Muula, Caroline W Kabiru, Stella K Muthuri, Chimaraoke O Izugbara
BACKGROUND: Many interventions have been implemented to improve maternal health outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Currently, however, systematic information on the effectiveness of these interventions remains scarce. We conducted a systematic review of published evidence on non-drug interventions that reported effectiveness in improving outcomes and quality of care in maternal health in SSA. METHODS: African Journals Online, Bioline, MEDLINE, Ovid, Science Direct, and Scopus databases were searched for studies published in English between 2000 and 2015 and reporting on the effectiveness of interventions to improve quality and outcomes of maternal health care in SSA...
2016: Systematic Reviews
Lawrence Liberti, Alasdair Breckenridge, Jarno Hoekman, Hubert Leufkens, Murray Lumpkin, Neil McAuslane, Pieter Stolk, Kaining Zhi, Lembit Rägo
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the characteristics of currently implemented expedited (facilitated) regulatory pathways (FRPs) used by national regulatory authorities (NRAs) in emerging economies to speed access to important new medicines. METHODS: We identified NRAs with FRPs through Thomson Reuters Cortellis Regulatory Intelligence and through agency Websites. We developed a list of 27 FRP characteristics. We categorised characteristics as procedural or substantive and based them on five sequential regulatory activities...
March 10, 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
Tc Okeke, Usb Anyaehie, Cck Ezenyeaku
Nigeria, due to its large population, has the highest absolute number of female genital mutilation (FGM) worldwide, accounting for about one-quarter of the estimated 115-130 million circumcised women in the world. The objective of this review is to ascertain the current status of FGM in Nigeria. Pertinent literature on FGM retrieved from internet services [Google search on FGM in Nigeria, Nigeria, PubMed of the national library of medicine www.medconsumer. Info/tropics/fgm.htm, Biomedcentral and African Journal Online (AJOL) (FGM)] and textbooks, journals, and selected references for proper understanding of the topic was included in this review...
January 2012: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
Dian Dowling Evans, Susan E Shapiro
The Research to Practice column is intended to elevate the research critique skills of the advanced practice nurse and to assist with the translation of research into practice. For each column, a topic and a particular research study are selected. The stage is set with a case presentation. The research paper is then reviewed and critiqued, and finally, the implications for translation into practice are discussed with particular attention to the case study. In this column, we address the topics of intimate partner violence and substance abuse, among African American women by presenting the following study: Hankin, A...
April 2011: Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal
G Granville, M Evandrou
AIMS: To consider the complex interrelationships between work and health among older men, drawing out the importance of considering gender difference in approaches to occupational medicine. METHODS: The method used in the literature search was to review national and international research published in English since 1990 on the health and work of older men. Journal articles were the primary source. Databases used included Web of Science, CSA Illumina Social Sciences, CINAHL, Medline and ANGINFO...
May 2010: Occupational Medicine
V Raveenthiran, T E Madiba, S S Atamanalp, U De
AIMS: The current status of sigmoid volvulus (SV) was reviewed to assess trends in management and to assess the literature. METHOD: The literature on SV was retrieved using PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Pakmedinet, African Journals online (AJOL), Indmed and Google scholar. These databases were searched for text words including 'sigmoid', 'colon' and 'volvulus'. Relevant nonindexed surgical journals published from endemic countries were also manually searched. We focused on original articles published within the last 10 years; but classical references prior to this period were also included...
July 2010: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
A Linegar, F Smit, P Goldstraw, G van Zyl
AIM: To investigate the scope and trends in clinical research in South African thoracic surgery between 1955 and 2006 and to measure its impact on clinical practice. METHOD: A systematic review of all SA thoracic surgical publications was performed. RESULTS: There were 252 general thoracic publications and a marked decrease in publications was noted after the peak period of productivity of the 1980s. There was a shift toward the private sector as an origin of articles and toward a local, non-indexed journal...
August 2009: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Wilma Powell Stuart, Marion E Broome, Barbara A Smith, Michael Weaver
The number of overweight adolescents aged 12-19 has tripled during the past 2 decades. Although health risks associated with obesity in adolescence and adulthood are well documented in the literature, little is known about the efficacy of interventions to reduce health risks of this group. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review to describe the scope, domain, and effectiveness of weight loss interventions with overweight adolescents. English-language journal articles published in nursing, psychology, nutrition, medicine, and exercise physiology literature between 1980 and 2003 were retrieved...
April 2005: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
Charles A Perrott
As efforts are made to make Emergency Medicine and the Journal of Emergency Medicine more international, the different systems of medical education and practice trends in other countries should be considered when making suggestions. This article is a personal perspective of a surgeon who has been involved in emergency care in both the United States and South Africa. The system in the United States can be defined as "mature." Although the system in South Africa has been defined as "underdeveloped," efforts are underway to establish Emergency Medicine as a separate, independent discipline...
October 2003: Journal of Emergency Medicine
H O Lee
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that the effectiveness of thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction is inversely related to the time between the onset of signs and symptoms and definitive therapy, long delays in seeking treatment have been reported consistently. A variety of reasons for the delays have been suggested. Because such delays are associated with longer hospital stays and higher mortality and morbidity, interventions that reduce delays are especially important. PURPOSE: To examine research on patients with myocardial infarction who delay seeking professional treatment and the factors related to the delay, and to review studies indicating that black patients have premonitory clinical signs and symptoms of myocardial infarction and changes in the structure and function of the cardiovascular system that are different from those in whites...
January 1997: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
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