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Robotic cystectomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131387/laparoscopic-mesh-repair-of-a-labial-hernia
#1
Philippe Grange, Fevzi Shakir, Ganesh Thiagamoorthy, George Araklitis, Dudley Robinson, Linda Cardozo
AIMS: To present a narrated video designed to demonstrate the steps involved in a laparoscopic mesh repair of a labial hernia. METHODS: This was in a 76-year-old woman who presented with a small bowel hernia in to her left labium majus. In 2014 she had a robotically assisted radical cystectomy for bladder cancer with anterior exenteration. She developed the hernia in February 2015 and initially a vaginal approach was attempted to repair the hernia (with layered non-absorbable sutures to close the fascia over the defect) at her local hospital, although this was unsuccessful...
November 13, 2017: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124853/intracorporeal-robotic-assisted-radical-cystectomy-together-with-an-enhanced-recovery-programme-improves-postoperative-outcomes-by-aggregating-marginal-gains
#2
Wei Shen Tan, Mae-Yen Tan, Benjamin W Lamb, Ashwin Sridhar, Anna Mohammed, Hilary Baker, Senthil Nathan, Timothy Briggs, Melanie Tan, John D Kelly
OBJECTIVE: To assess the cumulative effect of an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathway and a minimally invasive RARC with intracorporeal urinary diversion (iRARC) in comparison to open radical cystectomy (ORC) on hospital length of stay (LOS) and perioperative outcomes. MATERIALS & METHODS: Between Feb 2009 and Oct 2017, 304 radical cystectomy cases were performed at a single institution (54 ORC, 250 RARC). Data were prospectively collected. We identified 45 consecutive ORC cases performed without ERAS before the commencement of the RARC programme (Cohort A), 50 consecutive iRARC cases performed without ERAS (Cohort B) and 40 iRARC cases with ERAS (Cohort C)...
November 10, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124346/live-surgery-highly-educational-or-harmful
#3
B Rocco, A A C Grasso, E De Lorenzis, J W Davis, C Abbou, A Breda, T Erdogru, R Gaston, I S Gill, E Liatsikos, B Oktay, J Palou, T Piéchaud, J U Stolzenburg, Y Sun, G Albo, H Villavicencio, X Zhang, V Disanto, P Emiliozzi, V Pansadoro
PURPOSE: Live surgery (LS) is considered a useful teaching opportunity. The benefits must be balanced with patient safety concerns. To evaluate the rate of complications of a series of urologic LS performed by experts during the Congress Challenge in Laparoscopy and Robotics (CILR). METHODS: We present a large, multi-institution, multi-surgeon database that derives from 12 CILR events, from 2004 to 2015 with a total of 224 cases. Radical prostatectomy (RP) was the most common procedure and a selection of complex cases was noted...
November 9, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123922/robotic-management-of-a-duplicated-ureter-during-intracoporeal-urinary-diversion-following-robotic-cystectomy
#4
Abdullah Erdem Canda, Erem Asil, Erdem Koc, Mustafa Aldemir, Arslan Ardicoglu, Ali Fuat Atmaca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Central European Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027351/robotic-assisted-versus-open-radical-cystectomy-in-bladder-cancer-a-meta-analysis-of-four-randomized-controlled-trails
#5
Jin-Qiu Tang, Zhihong Zhao, Yiwen Liang, Guixiang Liao
BACKGROUND: Robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) is increasing annually for treatment of bladder cancer. The objective of this meta-analysis was to compare the safety and efficacy of RARC and open radical cystectomy (ORC) for bladder cancer. METHODS: Our meta-analysis searches were conducted using PubMed, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases to identify randomized controlled trials (RCT) assessing the two techniques. RESULTS: Four RCT studies were identified, including 239 cases...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984408/cost-analysis-of-open-radical-cystectomy-versus-robot-assisted-radical-cystectomy
#6
S S Bansal, T Dogra, P Weston Smith, S Amran, I Auluck, M S Bhambra, M S Sura, E Rowe, A Koupparis
OBJECTIVES: To perform a cost analysis comparing the cost of robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) with open radical cystectomy (ORC) in a UK tertiary referral centre and to identify the key cost drivers. METHODS: Data on hospital stay, operative duration, transfusion rate and volume and complication rate were obtained from a prospectively updated institutional database for patients undergoing RARC or ORC. A cost decision tree model was created. Sensitivity analysis was performed to find key drivers of overall cost and to find breakeven points with ORC...
October 6, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967280/comprehensive-approach-to-port-placement-templates-for-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-urologic-surgeries
#7
Ram A Pathak, Manish Patel, Ashok K Hemal
Port placement for robot-assisted laparoscopic urologic surgery can be critical to effective completion of the minimally invasive procedure. An ideal port template would allow unhampered access to all critical structures during surgery, easy access for the bedside assistant, and minimization of arm collision with the fewest ports necessary to minimize cosmetic impact. We present a comprehensive plan for the placement of ports across different procedures for a variety of upper tract (radical/partial nephrectomy, retroperitoneal radical/partial nephrectomy, and pyeloplasty), lower tract (prostatectomy, and cystectomy), combined upper/lower tract (nephroureterectomy, retroperitoneal lymph node dissection), and female pelvic surgeries...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951758/robot-assisted-brachytherapy-of-the-bladder-with-long-distance-support-using-video-conferencing
#8
Francisco Mascarenhas, Kris Maes, Fernando Marques, Rui Formoso, Telma Antunes
PURPOSE: The frontline treatment for localized muscle-invasive bladder carcinoma (MIBC) is radical cystectomy. However, a significant percentage of this population is elderly with either severe co-morbidities or suboptimal general health, increasing the per- and post-operative risk when undergoing a radical cystectomy. Conservative treatment options have been implemented such as robot-assisted laparoscopic brachytherapy (RALB), a minimally invasive therapeutic approach ensuring excellent results in terms of local control, survival, and low morbidity...
August 2017: Journal of Contemporary Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893209/preliminary-experience-in-laparoscopic-resection-of-hepatic-hydatidectocyst-with-the-da-vinci-surgical-system-dvss-a-case-report
#9
Haibo Zou, Lanyun Luo, Hua Xue, Guan Wang, Xiankui Wang, Le Luo, Yutong Yao, Guangming Xiang, Xiaolun Huang
BACKGROUND: At present, Da Vinci robotic assisted hepatectomy has been routinely carried out in conditional units. But there is no report concerning the use of Da Vinci robots for hepatic hydatid cystectomy and experience on this aspect is seldom mentioned before. This study was to summarize the preliminary experience in laparoscopic resection of hepatic hydatidectocyst with the Da Vinci Surgical System (DVSS). CASE PRESENTATION: A 29-year-old female diagnosed as hepatic hydatid in the right anterior lobe of liver was treated with laparoscopic resection by the DVSS under general anesthesia...
September 11, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890901/performing-all-major-surgical-procedures-robotically-will-prolong-wait-times-for-surgery
#10
Brian M Shinder, Nicholas J Farber, Robert E Weiss, Thomas L Jang, Isaac Y Kim, Eric A Singer, Sammy E Elsamra
This article aimed to assess the burden of scheduling major urologic oncology procedures if all cases were performed robotically and to determine whether this would increase the time a patient would have to wait for surgery. We retrospectively determined the number of prostatectomies, radical nephrectomies, partial nephrectomies, and cystectomies at a single institution for one calendar year. A hypothetical situation was then constructed where all procedures were performed robotically. Using the allotted number of days that each surgeon was able to schedule robotic procedures, we analyzed the amount of time it would take to schedule and complete all cases...
2017: Robot Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890392/natural-history-and-predictors-of-parastomal-hernia-after-robot-assisted-radical-cystectomy-and-ileal-conduit-urinary-diversion
#11
Ahmed A Hussein, Youssef E Ahmed, Paul May, Taimoor Ali, Basim Ahmad, Sana Raheem, Kevin Stone, Adam Hasasnah, Omer Rana, Adam Cole, Derek Wang, Peter Loud, Khurshid A Guru
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the prevalence, variables associated with parastomal hernia (PSH), and its outcomes of after robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) and ileal conduit (IC) for bladder cancer. METHODS: Retrospective review of RARC at our institution was conducted. PSH was defined as protrusion of abdominal contents through the stoma defect in the abdominal wall on cross sectional imaging. PSH was further described in terms of patient and hernia characteristics, symptoms, management and outcomes...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875611/oncologic-outcomes-and-predictive-factors-for-recurrence-following-robot-assisted-radical-cystectomy-for-urothelial-carcinoma-multicenter-study-from-korea
#12
Ji Sung Shim, Tae Gyun Kwon, Koon Ho Rha, Young Goo Lee, Ji Youl Lee, Byong Chang Jeong, Jae Yoon Kim, Jong Hyun Pyun, Sung Gu Kang, Seok Ho Kang
The aim of our study was to evaluate intermediate-term oncologic outcomes, predictive factors for recurrence, and recurrence patterns in a multicenter series of patients treated with robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) for urothelial carcinoma (UC) of the bladder. Between 2007 and 2015, 346 patients underwent RARC at multiple tertiary referral centers in Korea. Descriptive statistics were used for demographics and perioperative variables. Survival and recurrence were estimated with Kaplan-Meier analysis...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836105/surgical-and-pathological-outcomes-of-robotic-assisted-radical-cystectomy-for-bladder-cancer-in-the-community-setting
#13
E M DiLizia, F Sadeghi
Robotic-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) with urinary diversion is commonly performed in community hospitals. While little data exist on RARC outcomes in this setting, community hospitals may improve access to care for bladder cancer patients. We conducted a retrospective review of 76 patients who underwent RARC between 2006 and 2016 by two robotic-trained surgeons in two local community hospitals. A total of 76 patients (60 males and 16 females; ages 46-89) underwent RARC with extended pelvic lymphadenectomy and urinary diversion (69 ileal conduits, 7 neobladders) for muscle-invasive bladder carcinoma (79%), recurrent high-grade carcinoma (17%), unresectable tumor (2%), or refractory gross hematuria from chemotherapy (2%)...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803034/variations-in-the-costs-of-radical-cystectomy-for-bladder-cancer-in-the-usa
#14
Jeffrey J Leow, Alexander P Cole, Thomas Seisen, Joaquim Bellmunt, Matthew Mossanen, Mani Menon, Mark A Preston, Toni K Choueiri, Adam S Kibel, Benjamin I Chung, Maxine Sun, Steven L Chang, Quoc-Dien Trinh
BACKGROUND: Radical cystectomy (RC) for muscle-invasive bladder cancer (BCa) has potential for serious complications, prolonged length of stay and readmissions-all of which may increase costs. Although variations in outcomes are well described, less is known about determinants driving variation in costs. OBJECTIVE: To assess surgeon- and hospital-level variations in costs and predictors of high- and low-cost RC. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Cohort study of 23 173 patients who underwent RC for BCa in 208 hospitals in the USA from 2003 to 2015 in the Premier Healthcare Database...
August 9, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801217/evaluation-of-unplanned-hospital-readmissions-after-major-urologic-inpatient-surgery-in-the-era-of-accountable-care
#15
Benjamin V Stone, Matthew R Cohn, Nicholas M Donin, Michael Schulster, James S Wysock, Danil V Makarov, Marc A Bjurlin
OBJECTIVE: To provide a multi-institutional analysis of clinical factors predicting unplanned hospital readmission after major inpatient urologic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program is a risk-adjusted data collection mechanism for analyzing clinical outcomes data including 30-day perioperative readmissions and complications. We identified 23,108 patients who underwent major inpatient urologic surgery from 2011 to 2012...
November 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768530/complications-and-health-related-quality-of-life-after-robot-assisted-versus-open-radical-cystectomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-four-rcts
#16
Susanne Vahr Lauridsen, Hanne Tønnesen, Bente Thoft Jensen, Bruno Neuner, Peter Thind, Thordis Thomsen
BACKGROUND: Radical cystectomy is associated with high rates of perioperative morbidity. Robotic-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) is widely used today despite limited evidence for clinical superiority. The aim of this review was to evaluate the effect of RARC compared to open radical cystectomy (ORC) on complications and secondary on length of stay, time back to work and health-related quality of life (HRQoL). METHODS: The databases PubMed, The Cochrane Library, Embase and CINAHL were searched...
August 2, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753879/robot-assisted-versus-open-radical-cystectomy-in-patients-receiving-perioperative-chemotherapy-for-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-the-oncologist-s-perspective-from-a-multicentre-study
#17
Andrea Necchi, Gregory R Pond, Marc C Smaldone, Sumanta K Pal, Kevin Chan, Yu-Ning Wong, Rosalia Viterbo, Guru Sonpavde, Lauren C Harshman, Simon Crabb, Ajjai Alva, Simon Chowdhury, Ugo De Giorgi, Sandy Srinivas, Neeraj Agarwal, Aristotelis Bamias, Jack Baniel, Ali-Reza Golshayan, Sylvain Ladoire, Cora N Sternberg, Linda Cerbone, Evan Y Yu, Joaquim Bellmunt, Ulka Vaishampayan, Gunter Niegisch, Syed Hussain, Daniel W Bowles, Rafael Morales-Barrera, Matthew I Milowsky, Christine Theodore, Dominik R Berthold, Srikala S Sridhar, Thomas Powles, Jonathan E Rosenberg, Matthew D Galsky
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the outcomes of robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) compared to open radical cystectomy (ORC) combined with perioperative chemotherapy for muscle-invasive urothelial bladder cancer (UBC). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate surgical and oncological outcomes for RARC and ORC in multimodal treatment. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Data from 28 centres were collected for cystectomies performed between January 2000 and July 2013...
March 31, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720357/clinical-case-discussion-kidney-stone-in-a-patient-with-an-ileal-conduit
#18
R Jeroen A van Moorselaar, Jakko A Nieuwenhuijzen
A patient underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic cystectomy with an ileal conduit urinary diversion. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy was performed for treatment of a kidney stone. Stone analysis revealed struvite.
February 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688872/paraganglioma-of-the-urinary-bladder-a-series-of-22-cases-in-a-single-center
#19
Hongyun Zhai, Xin Ma, Wenyuan Nie, Hongzhao Li, Cheng Peng, Xintao Li, Yu Zhang, Xu Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Paraganglioma of the urinary bladder (PUB) is rare in bladder cancer, and currently, a study examining large number of cases from a single center has not been reported. This study aimed to present the clinical features, treatments, pathological characteristics, and prognosis of PUB. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2006 to June 2016, 22 patients were pathologically diagnosed with PUB in our hospital. Their clinical records, operative notes, pathological reports, and follow-up records were retrospectively reviewed...
March 28, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678652/postoperative-c-reactive-protein-concentration-and-clinical-outcome-comparison-of-open-cystectomy-to-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-cystectomy-with-extracorporeal-or-intracorporeal-urinary-diversion-in-a-prospective-study
#20
Pernille Skjold Kingo, Rikke Nørregaard, Michael Borre, Jørgen Bjerggaard Jensen
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare clinical outcome and postoperative systemic inflammatory response using C-reactive protein (CRP) levels, to quantify the degree of tissue injury in open mini-laparotomy cystectomy (OMC) versus robot-assisted laparoscopic cystectomy with extracorporeal (RALC-EUD) or intracorporeal urinary diversion (RALC-IUD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From September 2012 to September 2015, 309 patients diagnosed with bladder cancer underwent radical cystectomy with urinary diversion...
July 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
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