keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Food provisioning

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818660/environmental-effects-are-stronger-than-human-effects-on-mammalian-predator-prey-relationships-in-arid-australian-ecosystems
#1
Benjamin L Allen, Alana Fawcett, Alison Anker, Richard M Engeman, Allan Lisle, Luke K-P Leung
Climate (drought, rainfall), geology (habitat availability), land use change (provision of artificial waterpoints, introduction of livestock), invasive species (competition, predation), and direct human intervention (lethal control of top-predators) have each been identified as processes driving the sustainability of threatened fauna populations. We used a systematic combination of empirical observational studies and experimental manipulations to comprehensively evaluate the effects of these process on a model endangered rodent, dusky hopping-mice (Notomys fuscus)...
August 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818397/life-cycle-inventory-and-mass-balance-of-municipal-food-waste-management-systems-decision-support-methods-beyond-the-waste-hierarchy
#2
Joel Edwards, Maazuza Othman, Enda Crossin, Stewart Burn
When assessing the environmental and human health impact of a municipal food waste (FW) management system waste managers typically rely on the principles of the waste hierarchy; using metrics such as the mass or rate of waste that is 'prepared for recycling,' 'recovered for energy,' or 'sent to landfill.' These metrics measure the collection and sorting efficiency of a waste system but are incapable of determining the efficiency of a system to turn waste into a valuable resource. In this study a life cycle approach was employed using a system boundary that includes the entire waste service provision from collection to safe end-use or disposal...
August 14, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813473/the-availability-of-pharmacies-in-the-united-states-2007-2015
#3
Dima Mazen Qato, Shannon Zenk, Jocelyn Wilder, Rachel Harrington, Darrell Gaskin, G Caleb Alexander
IMPORTANCE: Despite their increasingly important role in health care delivery, little is known about the availability, and characteristics, of community pharmacies in the United States. OBJECTIVES: (1) To examine trends in the availability of community pharmacies and pharmacy characteristics (24-hour, drive-up, home delivery, e-prescribing, and multilingual staffing) associated with access to prescription medications in the U.S. between 2007 and 2015; and (2) to determine whether and how these patterns varied by pharmacy type (retail chains, independents, mass retailers, food stores, government and clinic-based) and across counties...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812123/-promoting-a%C3%A2-balanced-diet-and-physical-activity-among-children-conditions-for-the-successful-implementation-and-maintenance-of-multi-level-interventions-and-policies-results-of-two-qualitative-case-studies
#4
Berit Steenbock, Saskia Muellmann, Hajo Zeeb, Claudia R Pischke
BACKGROUND: To date, conditions for successfully implementing and maintaining multi-level interventions and policies for the promotion of a balanced diet and physical activity are not well understood from the perspective of stakeholders. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to examine which factors are regarded as facilitating or impeding introduction, implementation and maintenance of multi-level interventions and policies from the standpoint of stakeholders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semi-structured face-to-face interviews with stakeholders of one multi-level intervention (Identification and prevention of Dietary- and lifestyle-induced health EFfects In Children and infantS [IDEFICS] for the prevention of childhood obesity, n = 4) and one policy (Federal state offices coordinating networks for the provision of healthy food options in schools, n = 3) were analysed using qualitative content analysis...
August 15, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811750/availability-of-a-sports-dietitian-may-lead-to-improved-performance-and-recovery-of-ncaa-division-i-baseball-athletes
#5
Michael V Hull, Jonathan Neddo, Andrew R Jagim, Jonathan M Oliver, Mike Greenwood, Margaret T Jones
BACKGROUND: The purpose was to survey dietary habits (DH) and nutrient timing (NT) practices of baseball student-athletes (mean ± SD; 20.7 ± 1.4 yr.) from three NCAA Division I institutions, and examine the effect of a sports dietitian (SD) in regard to nutrition practices. METHODS: Descriptive statistics and Pearson X(2) analyses were run. Responses on 10 DH and 5 NT items differed (p ≤ 0.10) between athletes who sought dietary planning from a SD (n = 36) versus those who consulted a strength and conditioning coach (SCC, n = 42)...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794520/iran-s-land-suitability-for-agriculture
#6
Mohsen B Mesgaran, Kaveh Madani, Hossein Hashemi, Pooya Azadi
Increasing population has posed insurmountable challenges to agriculture in the provision of future food security, particularly in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region where biophysical conditions are not well-suited for agriculture. Iran, as a major agricultural country in the MENA region, has long been in the quest for food self-sufficiency, however, the capability of its land and water resources to realize this goal is largely unknown. Using very high-resolution spatial data sets, we evaluated the capacity of Iran's land for sustainable crop production based on the soil properties, topography, and climate conditions...
August 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783757/improving-food-environments-and-tackling-obesity-a-realist-systematic-review-of-the-policy-success-of-regulatory-interventions-targeting-population-nutrition
#7
Jana Sisnowski, Jackie M Street, Tracy Merlin
BACKGROUND: This systematic review (PROSPERO: CRD42015025276) employs a realist approach to investigate the effect of "real-world" policies targeting different aspects of the food environment that shape individual and collective nutrition. OBJECTIVES: We were interested in assessing intermediate outcomes along the assumed causal pathway to "policy success", in addition to the final outcome of changed consumption patterns. DATA SOURCES: We performed a search of 16 databases through October 2015, with no initial restriction by language...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782989/longitudinal-modelling-of-the-exposure-of-young-uk-patients-with-pku-to-acesulfame-k-and-sucralose
#8
J Aaron O'Sullivan, Sandrine Pigat, Cian O'Mahony, Michael J Gibney, Aideen I McKevitt
Artificial sweeteners are used in protein substitutes intended for the dietary management of inborn errors of metabolism (Phenylketonuria, PKU) to improve the variety of medical foods available to patients and ensure dietary adherence to the prescribed course of dietary management. These patients can be exposed to artificial sweeteners from the combination of free and prescribed foods. Young children have a higher risk of exceeding acceptable daily intakes (ADI) for additives than adults due to higher food intakes per kg body weight...
August 7, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780373/provision-of-food-and-water-in-rodent-whole-body-plethysmography-safety-pharmacology-respiratory-studies-impact-on-animal-welfare-and-data-quality
#9
Claire Grant, Louise Marks, Helen Prior
INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the feasibility of providing food and water to rodents during whole body plethysmography (WBP) studies as a welfare improvement to standard conditions. METHODS: Male Han Wistar rats or CD1 mice (n=8) were placed in WBP chambers and respiratory parameters recorded for approximately 6h on four separate occasions. On each occasion the animals were exposed to a different plethysmography chamber environment using a randomised design: no food/water (the standard conditions), water bottle, hydrating gel and wet food...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770677/sex-differences-and-the-heritability-of-scute-pattern-abnormalities-in-the-green-sea-turtle-from-the-ogasawara-archipelago-japan
#10
Shohei Kobayashi, Yukari Morimoto, Satomi Kondo, Takayuki Sato, Hiroyuki Suganuma, Katsuhiko Arai, Gen Watanabe
Although scute pattern abnormalities in sea turtle species are considered to be strongly correlated with survival rate, there is little information available regarding these abnormalities and the primary cause for their development is unclear. For the conservation of sea turtle species, accumulating basic knowledge of scute pattern abnormalities is a fundamental step towards a better understanding of the causes of these abnormalities. In the present study, we counted vertebral and costal scutes from adults hunted for food (male and female) (n = 899), nesting females (n = 155), and hatchlings (n = 44,537) of the green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas) from the Ogasawara Archipelago, Japan...
August 2017: Zoological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756991/nutritional-status-of-breast-cancer-survivors-1-year-after-diagnosis-a-preliminary-analysis-from-the-malaysian-breast-cancer-survivorship-cohort-study
#11
Hazreen Abd Majid, Low Phei Keow, Tania Islam, Tin Tin Su, Marie Cantwell, Nur Aishah Taib
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle factors, such as diet, body weight, and physical activity, are linked to better survival after breast cancer (BC) diagnosis. A high percentage of the Malaysian population is overweight or obese. In addition, studies have shown a disparity in survival among Malaysian women compared with other higher-income countries. The Malaysian Breast Cancer Survivorship Cohort (MyBCC) study aims to study lifestyle factors that affect survival in BC survivors. These are the preliminary findings on the nutritional status of Malaysian BC survivors...
July 27, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754005/can-early-omega-3-fatty-acid-exposure-reduce-risk-of-childhood-allergic-disease
#12
REVIEW
Elizabeth A Miles, Philip C Calder
A causal link between increased intake of omega-6 (n-6) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and increased incidence of allergic disease has been suggested. This is supported by biologically plausible mechanisms, related to the roles of eicosanoid mediators produced from the n-6 PUFA arachidonic acid. Fish and fish oils are sources of long chain omega-3 (n-3) PUFAs. These fatty acids act to oppose the actions of n-6 PUFAs particularly with regard to eicosanoid synthesis. Thus, n-3 PUFAs may protect against allergic sensitisation and allergic manifestations...
July 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754003/estimated-nutritive-value-of-low-price-model-lunch-sets-provided-to-garment-workers-in-cambodia
#13
Jan Makurat, Aarati Pillai, Frank T Wieringa, Chhoun Chamnan, Michael B Krawinkel
BACKGROUND: The establishment of staff canteens is expected to improve the nutritional situation of Cambodian garment workers. The objective of this study is to assess the nutritive value of low-price model lunch sets provided at a garment factory in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. METHODS: Exemplary lunch sets were served to female workers through a temporary canteen at a garment factory in Phnom Penh. Dish samples were collected repeatedly to examine mean serving sizes of individual ingredients...
July 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740638/nutritional-physiology-and-ecology-of-wildlife-in-a-changing-world
#14
Kim Birnie-Gauvin, Kathryn S Peiman, David Raubenheimer, Steven J Cooke
Over the last century, humans have modified landscapes, generated pollution and provided opportunities for exotic species to invade areas where they did not evolve. In addition, humans now interact with animals in a growing number of ways (e.g. ecotourism). As a result, the quality (i.e. nutrient composition) and quantity (i.e. food abundance) of dietary items consumed by wildlife have, in many cases, changed. We present representative examples of the extent to which vertebrate foraging behaviour, food availability (quantity and quality) and digestive physiology have been modified due to human-induced environmental changes and human activities...
2017: Conservation Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731558/food-provision-in-early-childhood-education-and-care-services-exploring-how-staff-determine-nutritional-adequacy
#15
Amanda Cole, Helen Vidgen, Phoebe Cleland
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the methods, processes and strategies used by early childhood education and care (ECEC) services when determining the nutritional adequacy of food provided to children in their care. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews (n = 22) were conducted with directors, educators and cooks at long day care services (LDCS) (n = 12) regarding nutritional adequacy, the use of tools, guidelines and checklists, menu planning and identification and management of unhealthy foods...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729201/assessing-parents-receptiveness-to-a-vegetable-focussed-in-school-nutrition-intervention
#16
Michelle I Jongenelis, Simone Pettigrew, Iain S Pratt, Shannon Wright, Gael Myers
OBJECTIVE: Crunch&Sip is an Australian school-based initiative designed to increase the consumption of fruit, vegetables, and water among primary school children. To address the significant deficiencies in children's vegetable intake, the present study aimed to examine the responsiveness of parents (the main providers of food for Crunch&Sip) to a modified version of the program that focuses primarily on vegetable consumption. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 329 Western Australian parents completed an online questionnaire examining their support for a vegetable focus for Crunch&Sip and any perceived barriers, motivators, and facilitators...
October 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728569/parents-and-caregivers-experiences-and-behaviours-when-eating-out-with-children-with-a-food-hypersensitivity
#17
Fiona M Begen, Julie Barnett, Miriam Barber, Ros Payne, M Hazel Gowland, Jane S Lucas
BACKGROUND: For parents and caregivers of food hypersensitive (FH) children, accommodating their child's dietary needs when eating out can be a challenging experience. This study explored caregivers' experiences and behaviours when eating out with their FH child in order to gain insights into how they support and prepare their child in negotiating safe eating out experiences. METHODS: A cross-sectional, qualitative design was used. In depth, semi-structured interviews were carried out with 15 caregivers of children with FH...
July 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710698/health-social-and-economic-outcomes-experienced-by-families-as-a-result-of-receiving-assistance-from-a-community-based-diaper-bank
#18
Kelley E C Massengale, Jennifer Toller Erausquin, Michelle Old
Objectives This paper aims to describe low-income recipients of a community-based diaper bank and the multiple daily challenges they face. Our paper seeks to document the health, social, and financial outcomes recipients experienced after receiving assistance. Methods We surveyed families (n = 150) about their experiences receiving diapers from a diaper bank in the southeastern United States. Additionally, we conducted short, focused interviews with families (n = 15) about outcomes after receiving diapers...
July 14, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708072/iron-fortified-complementary-foods-containing-a-mixture-of-sodium-iron-edta-with-either-ferrous-fumarate-or-ferric-pyrophosphate-reduce-iron-deficiency-anemia-in-12-to-36-month-old-children-in-a-malaria-endemic-setting-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-cluster-randomized
#19
Dominik Glinz, Rita Wegmüller, Mamadou Ouattara, Victorine G Diakité, Grant J Aaron, Lorenz Hofer, Michael B Zimmermann, Lukas G Adiossan, Jürg Utzinger, Eliézer K N'Goran, Richard F Hurrell
Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is a major public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa. The efficacy of iron fortification against IDA is uncertain in malaria-endemic settings. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a complementary food (CF) fortified with sodium iron EDTA (NaFeEDTA) plus either ferrous fumarate (FeFum) or ferric pyrophosphate (FePP) to combat IDA in preschool-age children in a highly malaria endemic region. This is a secondary analysis of a nine-month cluster-randomized controlled trial conducted in south-central Côte d'Ivoire...
July 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703588/nonenzymatic-%C3%AE-carotene-degradation-in-provitamin-a-biofortified-crop-plants
#20
Patrick Schaub, Florian Wüst, Julian Koschmieder, Qiuju Yu, Parminder Virk, Joe Tohme, Peter Beyer
Provitamin A biofortification, the provision of provitamin A carotenoids through agriculture, is regarded as an effective and sustainable intervention to defeat vitamin A deficiency, representing a global health problem. This food-based intervention has been questioned in conjunction with negative outcomes for smokers and asbestos-exposed populations of the CARET and ATBC trials in which very high doses of β-carotene were supplemented. The current notion that β-carotene cleavage products (apocarotenoids) represented the harmful agents is the basis of the here-presented research...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
keyword
keyword
58537
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"