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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731558/food-provision-in-early-childhood-education-and-care-services-exploring-how-staff-determine-nutritional-adequacy
#1
Amanda Cole, Helen Vidgen, Phoebe Cleland
AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the methods, processes and strategies used by early childhood education and care (ECEC) services when determining the nutritional adequacy of food provided to children in their care. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews (n = 22) were conducted with directors, educators and cooks at long day care services (LDCS) (n = 12) regarding nutritional adequacy, the use of tools, guidelines and checklists, menu planning and identification and management of unhealthy foods...
February 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729201/assessing-parents-receptiveness-to-a-vegetable-focussed-in-school-nutrition-intervention
#2
Michelle I Jongenelis, Simone Pettigrew, Iain S Pratt, Shannon Wright, Gael Myers
OBJECTIVE: Crunch&Sip is an Australian school-based initiative designed to increase the consumption of fruit, vegetables, and water among primary school children. To address the significant deficiencies in children's vegetable intake, the present study aimed to examine the responsiveness of parents (the main providers of food for Crunch&Sip) to a modified version of the program that focuses primarily on vegetable consumption. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 329 Western Australian parents completed an online questionnaire examining their support for a vegetable focus for Crunch&Sip and any perceived barriers, motivators, and facilitators...
July 17, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728569/parents-and-caregivers-experiences-and-behaviours-when-eating-out-with-children-with-a-food-hypersensitivity
#3
Fiona M Begen, Julie Barnett, Miriam Barber, Ros Payne, M Hazel Gowland, Jane S Lucas
BACKGROUND: For parents and caregivers of food hypersensitive (FH) children, accommodating their child's dietary needs when eating out can be a challenging experience. This study explored caregivers' experiences and behaviours when eating out with their FH child in order to gain insights into how they support and prepare their child in negotiating safe eating out experiences. METHODS: A cross-sectional, qualitative design was used. In depth, semi-structured interviews were carried out with 15 caregivers of children with FH...
July 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710698/health-social-and-economic-outcomes-experienced-by-families-as-a-result-of-receiving-assistance-from-a-community-based-diaper-bank
#4
Kelley E C Massengale, Jennifer Toller Erausquin, Michelle Old
Objectives This paper aims to describe low-income recipients of a community-based diaper bank and the multiple daily challenges they face. Our paper seeks to document the health, social, and financial outcomes recipients experienced after receiving assistance. Methods We surveyed families (n = 150) about their experiences receiving diapers from a diaper bank in the southeastern United States. Additionally, we conducted short, focused interviews with families (n = 15) about outcomes after receiving diapers...
July 14, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708072/iron-fortified-complementary-foods-containing-a-mixture-of-sodium-iron-edta-with-either-ferrous-fumarate-or-ferric-pyrophosphate-reduce-iron-deficiency-anemia-in-12-to-36-month-old-children-in-a-malaria-endemic-setting-a-secondary-analysis-of-a-cluster-randomized
#5
Dominik Glinz, Rita Wegmüller, Mamadou Ouattara, Victorine G Diakité, Grant J Aaron, Lorenz Hofer, Michael B Zimmermann, Lukas G Adiossan, Jürg Utzinger, Eliézer K N'Goran, Richard F Hurrell
Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is a major public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa. The efficacy of iron fortification against IDA is uncertain in malaria-endemic settings. The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a complementary food (CF) fortified with sodium iron EDTA (NaFeEDTA) plus either ferrous fumarate (FeFum) or ferric pyrophosphate (FePP) to combat IDA in preschool-age children in a highly malaria endemic region. This is a secondary analysis of a nine-month cluster-randomized controlled trial conducted in south-central Côte d'Ivoire...
July 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697494/diet-and-activity-of-macaca-assamensis-in-wild-and-semi-provisioned-groups-in-shivapuri-nagarjun-national-park-nepal
#6
Sabina Koirala, Mukesh K Chalise, Hem Bahadur Katuwal, Raju Gaire, Bishnu Pandey, Hideshi Ogawa
Studying the behavioural flexibility and adaptability of macaques to different habitats is one approach to designing a conservation plan. To determine the activity budget and feeding behaviour and evaluate the effects of seasonality in wild and human- altered habitats of Assamese macaques (Macaca assamensis), we conducted this study in the Nagarjun forest of Shivapuri-Nagarjun National Park (SNNP) in central Nepal. We also updated the list of plant food items of Assamese macaques in the SNNP. Using scan and all-occurrence sampling, we recorded the diets and activities of Assamese macaques in 2 social groups, a wild-feeding group (WG) and a semi-provisioned group (SPG), throughout the year from August 2013 to July 2014...
July 12, 2017: Folia Primatologica; International Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696403/preschool-and-school-meal-policies-an-overview-of-what-we-know-about-regulation-implementation-and-impact-on-diet-in-the-uk-sweden-and-australia
#7
REVIEW
Patricia Jane Lucas, Emma Patterson, Gary Sacks, Natassja Billich, Charlotte Elizabeth Louise Evans
School meals make significant contributions to healthy dietary behaviour, at a time when eating habits and food preferences are being formed. We provide an overview of the approaches to the provision, regulation, and improvement of preschool and primary school meals in the UK, Sweden, and Australia, three countries which vary in their degree of centralisation and regulation of school meals. Sweden has a centralised approach; all children receive free meals, and a pedagogical approach to meals is encouraged...
July 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694437/integrated-behavioural-and-stable-isotope-data-reveal-altered-diet-linked-to-low-breeding-success-in-urban-dwelling-blue-tits-cyanistes-caeruleus
#8
Christopher J Pollock, Pablo Capilla-Lasheras, Rona A R McGill, Barbara Helm, Davide M Dominoni
Animals often show reduced reproductive success in urban compared to adjacent natural areas. The lower availability and quality of natural food in cities is suggested as one key limiting factor. However, only few studies have provided conclusive support by simultaneously assessing food availability, diet and fitness. We consolidate this evidence by taking a holistic approach, comparing blue tits breeding in forest, suburban and urban areas. We (a) assessed arthropod availability, (b) investigated parental provisioning behaviour, (c) inferred diet through stable isotope analysis, and (d) measured reproductive success...
July 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694223/-it-s-not-as-easy-as-saying-just-get-them-to-eat-more-veggies-exploring-healthy-eating-in-residential-care-in-australia
#9
Rachael Cox, Ruth Emond, Samantha Punch, Ian McIntosh, Kate Hall, Angela Simpson, Helen Skouteris
Young people living in residential out-of-home care (henceforth OoHC) are at increased risk of becoming overweight or obese. Currently, recognition of the everyday mechanisms that might be contributing to excess weight for children and young people in this setting is limited. The aim of this study was to better understand the barriers and complexities involved in the provision of a 'healthy' food environment in residential OoHC. Heightening awareness of these factors and how they might compromise a young person's physical health, will inform the development, refinement and evaluation of more sensitive and tailored weight-related interventions for this population...
July 8, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693670/the-right-to-food-and-the-planetary-boundaries-framework
#10
Wiebina Heesterman
The 'Right to Food' is a legal entitlement owed to all human beings established in international law more than half a century ago. Fulfilment of the right has been entrusted to states parties to the 1966 International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR). However, in practice, the right is often breached because of hostility or indifference from individuals or institutions refusing access to provisions, or because of vicissitudes of nature. Adverse impacts due to human interference in natural processes are increasingly noticeable in the area of food production...
March 1, 2017: Science Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689565/anorexia-of-aging-assessment-and-management
#11
REVIEW
Francesco Landi, Anna Picca, Riccardo Calvani, Emanuele Marzetti
Older people often experience loss of appetite and/or decreased food intake that, unavoidably, impact energy metabolism and overall health status. The association of age-related nutritional deficits with several adverse outcomes has led to the recognition of a geriatric condition referred to as "anorexia of aging." Anorexia is an independent predictor of morbidity and mortality both in the community and across clinical settings. Multidimensional interventions within personalized care plans currently represent the most effective option to ensure the provision of adequate amounts of food, limit weight loss, and prevent adverse health outcomes in older adults...
August 2017: Clinics in Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678613/identification-of-behaviour-change-techniques-applied-in-interventions-to-improve-cooking-skills-and-food-skills-among-adults
#12
Lynsey Hollywood, Dawn Surgenor, Marla Reiks, Laura McGowan, Fiona Lavelle, Michelle Spence, Monique Raats, Amanda McCloat, Elaine Mooney, Martin Caraher, Moira Dean
BACKGROUND: Cooking and food skills interventions have grown in popularity however there is a lack of transparency as to how these interventions were designed, highlighting a need to identify and understand the mechanisms of behaviour change so that effective components may be introduced in future work. This study critiques cooking and food skills interventions in relation to their design, behaviour change techniques (BCTs), theoretical underpinnings, and outcomes. METHODS: A 40-item CALO-RE taxonomy was used to examine the components of 59 cooking and food skills interventions identified by two systematic reviews...
July 5, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678190/taste-salt-consumption-and-local-explanations-around-hypertension-in-a-rural-population-in-northern-peru
#13
M Amalia Pesantes, Francisco Diez-Canseco, Antonio Bernabé-Ortiz, Vilarmina Ponce-Lucero, J Jaime Miranda
Interventions to promote behaviors to reduce sodium intake require messages tailored to local understandings of the relationship between what we eat and our health. We studied local explanations about hypertension, the relationship between local diet, salt intake, and health status, and participants' opinions about changing food habits. This study provided inputs for a social marketing campaign in Peru promoting the use of a salt substitute containing less sodium than regular salt. Qualitative methods (focus groups and in-depth interviews) were utilized with local populations, people with hypertension, and health personnel in six rural villages...
July 5, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673698/restaurant-menu-labeling-laws-and-alcohol-use
#14
Brandon J Restrepo, Mir M Ali
The goal of this study was to analyze the effect of local and state mandatory restaurant menu labeling laws on alcohol use. Using a difference-in-differences estimation approach and data on adults aged 21 and older (n=2,157,722) from the 2002-2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, we estimated the effect of menu labeling laws on self-reported consumption of alcoholic beverages in the past month. The regression analysis indicates that on average implementation of menu labeling laws is associated with a 1...
July 1, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672808/ecosystem-based-incorporation-of-nectar-producing-plants-for-stink-bug-parasitoids
#15
REVIEW
Glynn Tillman
Adult parasitoids of pest insects rely on floral resources for survival and reproduction, but can be food-deprived in intensively managed agricultural systems lacking these resources. Stink bugs are serious pests for crops in southwest Georgia. Provisioning nectar-producing plants for parasitoids of stink bugs potentially can enhance biocontrol of these pests. Knowledge of spatial and temporal availability and distribution of stink bugs in host plants is necessary for appropriate timing and placement of flowering plants in agroecosystems...
June 24, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670790/informing-infant-and-young-child-feeding-programming-in-humanitarian-emergencies-an-evidence-map-of-reviews-including-low-and-middle-income-countries
#16
REVIEW
Claudine Prudhon, Prisca Benelli, Ali Maclaine, Paige Harrigan, Jacqueline Frize
Around 200 million people were affected by conflict and natural disasters in 2015. Whereas those populations are at a particular high risk of death, optimal breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices could prevent almost 20% of deaths amongst children less than 5 years old. Yet, coverage of interventions for improving infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices in emergencies is low, partly due to lack of evidence. Considering the paucity of data generated in emergencies to inform programming, we conducted an evidence map from reviews that included low- and middle-income countries and looked at several interventions: (a) social and behavioural change interpersonal and mass communication for promoting breastfeeding and adequate complementary feeding; (b) provision of donated complementary food; (c) home-based fortification with multiple micronutrient powder; (d) capacity building; (e) cash transfers; (f) agricultural or fresh food supply interventions; and (g) psychological support to caretakers...
July 3, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667226/a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-pharmaceutical-industry-funded-events-for-health-professionals-in-australia
#17
Alice Fabbri, Quinn Grundy, Barbara Mintzes, Swestika Swandari, Ray Moynihan, Emily Walkom, Lisa A Bero
OBJECTIVES: To analyse patterns and characteristics of pharmaceutical industry sponsorship of events for Australian health professionals and to understand the implications of recent changes in transparency provisions that no longer require reporting of payments for food and beverages. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: 301 publicly available company transparency reports downloaded from the website of Medicines Australia, the pharmaceutical industry trade association, covering the period from October 2011 to September 2015...
June 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659223/the-provision-of-ultra-processed-foods-and-their-contribution-to-sodium-availability-in-australian-long-day-care-centres
#18
Siobhan A O'Halloran, Kathleen E Lacy, Julie Woods, Carley A Grimes, Karen J Campbell, Caryl A Nowson
OBJECTIVES: To categorize and assess all foods, beverages and ingredients provided over one week at Australian long day care (LDC) centres according to four levels of food processing and to assess the contribution of Na from each level of processing. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Menus for lunch, morning and afternoon snacks were collected from LDC centres. The level of food processing of all foods, beverages and ingredients was assessed utilizing a four-level food processing classification system: minimally processed (MP), processed culinary ingredients (PCI), processed (P) and ultra-processed (ULP)...
June 29, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648901/the-asia-pacific-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-the-management-of-frailty
#19
Elsa Dent, Christopher Lien, Wee Shiong Lim, Wei Chin Wong, Chek Hooi Wong, Tze Pin Ng, Jean Woo, Birong Dong, Shelley de la Vega, Philip Jun Hua Poi, Shahrul Bahyah Binti Kamaruzzaman, Chang Won, Liang-Kung Chen, Kenneth Rockwood, Hidenori Arai, Leocadio Rodriguez-Mañas, Li Cao, Matteo Cesari, Piu Chan, Edward Leung, Francesco Landi, Linda P Fried, John E Morley, Bruno Vellas, Leon Flicker
OBJECTIVE: To develop Clinical Practice Guidelines for the screening, assessment and management of the geriatric condition of frailty. METHODS: An adapted Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation approach was used to develop the guidelines. This process involved detailed evaluation of the current scientific evidence paired with expert panel interpretation. Three categories of Clinical Practice Guidelines recommendations were developed: strong, conditional, and no recommendation...
July 1, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633992/eating-out-in-four-nordic-countries-national-patterns-and-social-stratification
#20
T B Lund, U Kjærnes, L Holm
Using a survey conducted in four Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden) in 2012, we investigated whether eating out in cafés and restaurants in these countries is best characterized as a workday pattern activity or a leisure activity; and, whether frequent eating at cafés and restaurants is related to socio-demographic factors and factors relevant to the organization of daily life. We found that eating out is not a fundamental part of everyday eating. It is something which takes place occasionally...
June 17, 2017: Appetite
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