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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164592/the-moral-economy-of-ready-made-food
#1
Kathryn Wheeler
The aim of this paper is to develop and apply a framework to explore how moralities of consumption are constituted in and through markets. Using the case of ready-made foods, this paper argues moral economies are comprised through interactions between micro-, meso- and macro-level processes in the form of instituted systems of provision, state regulation, collective food customs promoted though media, NGOs and lifestyle practitioners, and the everyday reflections of consumers. Building on a theoretical framework developed to understand the moral economy of work and employment (Bolton and Laaser 2013), this paper explores how markets for ready-made food are incessantly negotiated in the context of moral ideas about cooking, femininity and individual responsibility...
November 22, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158766/local-food-based-complementary-feeding-for-the-nutritional-status-of-children-ages-6-36-months-in-rural-areas-of-indonesia
#2
Tantut Susanto, Syahrul, Lantin Sulistyorini, Rondhianto, Alfi Yudisianto
Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate a pilot project of the Nursing Feeding Center "Posyandu Plus" (NFCPP) through local food-based complementary feeding (LFCF) program designed to improve the nutritional status of children aged 6-36 months at community health centers in Indonesia. Methods: A quasi-experimental design was used to obtain data regarding the nutritional status of 109 children who participated in the project from 6 rural areas. The NFCPP was conducted for 9 weeks, comprising 2 weeks of preintervention, 6 weeks of intervention, and one week of postintervention...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155173/domestic-food-practices-a-study-of-food-management-behaviors-and-the-role-of-food-preparation-planning-in-reducing-waste
#3
Simona Romani, Silvia Grappi, Richard P Bagozzi, Ada Maria Barone
Recent research has started to show the key role of daily food provision practices in affecting household food waste. Building on and extending these previous contributions, the objective of this paper is to investigate how individuals' everyday practices regarding food (e.g., shopping, cooking, eating, etc.) lead to food waste, and how policy makers and the food industry can implement effective strategies to influence such practices and ultimately help consumers reduce food waste. The research performs three Studies; a critical incident qualitative study (Study 1) and a quantitative, survey-based study (Study 2) to identify and examine relevant food management behaviors associated with domestic waste...
November 16, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147890/food-allergy-in-children-an-overview
#4
REVIEW
Jaidev M Devdas, Christopher Mckie, Adam T Fox, Vinod H Ratageri
The estimated prevalence of food allergy amongst children in the west is around 6-8% but there is paucity of data in the Indian population. There is a complex interplay of environmental influences and genetic factors in the immuno-pathogenesis and manifestations of food allergy. A reliable thorough clinical history, combined with positive skin prick tests or food-specific IgE, is essential for a more precise diagnosis of food allergy. Currently there is no cure for food allergy. The management of food allergy usually includes strict avoidance, patient education and provision of emergency medication (adrenaline-autoinjectors)...
November 17, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144068/going-public-early-disclosure-of-food-risks-for-the-benefit-of-public-health
#5
Benjamin Chapman, Maria Sol Erdozaim, Douglas Powell
Often during an outbreak of foodborne illness, there are health officials who have data indicating that there is a risk prior to notifying the public. During the lag period between the first public health signal and some release of public information, there are decision makers who are weighing evidence with the impacts of going public. Multiple agencies and analysts have lamented that there is not a common playbook or decision tree for how public health agencies determine what information to release and when...
March 2017: Journal of Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132286/the-gendered-experiences-of-children-in-child-headed-households-in-swaziland
#6
Nozipho Mkhatshwa
This study investigated the gender dynamics of living in child-headed households (CHHs) in a rural area in Swaziland that experiences high levels of drought, poverty and HIV and AIDS. Using a qualitative research methodology, the study examined ways in which children in CHHs meet their daily family needs and address their vulnerabilities according to their gender, focusing on the experiences of the children. The study sample consisted of 10 households, with 5 boy and 5 girl-headed households from the chiefdoms within the area...
December 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131446/food-provision-among-food-relief-agencies-in-rural-australia-and-perceived-barriers-and-enablers-to-provide-healthy-food
#7
Natalia Bortolin, Jaqueline Priestly, Janice Sangster
OBJECTIVE: Food insecurity affects 4-14% of Australians, and up to 82% of vulnerable groups. Food relief agencies commonly provide food parcels or food vouchers. Little research has been undertaken on food relief agencies within rural Australia. This study determined the type of food assistance provided by rural FRAs, and barriers and enablers to provide healthy food. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study, using telephone questionnaires with qualitative and quantitative aspects...
November 13, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130291/exploring-nutrition-capacity-in-australia-s-charitable-food-sector
#8
Kate Wingrove, Liza Barbour, Claire Palermo
AIM: The primary aim of this study was to explore the capacity of community organisations within Australia's charitable food sector to provide nutritious food to people experiencing food insecurity. A secondary aim was to explore their capacity to provide food in an environment that encourages social interaction. METHODS: This qualitative research used an exploratory case study design and was informed by a nutrition capacity framework. Participants were recruited through SecondBite, a not-for-profit food rescue organisation in Australia...
November 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127025/effect-of-yolk-corticosterone-on-begging-in-the-yellow-legged-gull
#9
Cristina Daniela Possenti, Marco Parolini, Andrea Romano, Manuela Caprioli, Diego Rubolini, Nicola Saino
Behavioral lateralization is widespread across vertebrates. The development of lateralization is affected by both genetic and environmental factors. In birds, maternal substances in the egg can affect offspring lateralization via activational and/or organizational effects. Corticosterone affects the development of brain asymmetry, suggesting that variation in yolk corticosterone concentration may also influence post-natal behavioral lateralization, a hypothesis that has never been tested so far. In the yellow-legged gull (Larus michahellis), we increased yolk corticosterone concentration within physiological limits and analyzed the direction of lateralization of hatchlings in reverting from supine to prone position ('RTP' response) and in pecking at dummy parental bills to solicit food provisioning ('begging' response)...
November 15, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111886/predictive-modelling-of-the-exposure-to-steviol-glycosides-in-irish-patients-aged-1-3-years-with-phenylketonuria-and-cow-s-milk-protein-allergy
#10
Aaron J O'Sullivan, Sandrine Pigat, Cian O'Mahony, Michael J Gibney, Aideen I McKevitt
Children with Phenylketonuria (PKU) and severe cow's milk protein allergy (CMPA) consume prescribed, specially formulated, foods for special medical purposes (FSMPs) as well as restricted amounts of normal foods. These patients are exposed to artificial sweeteners from the consumption of a combination of free and prescribed foods. Young patients with PKU and CMPA have a higher risk of exceeding acceptable daily intakes (ADI) for additives than age-matched healthy children. A predictive modelling approach has been adapted successfully to assess the additive exposure of young patients with PKU and CMPA to artificial sweeteners...
November 7, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103115/perspectives-on-impacts-of-water-quality-on-agriculture-and-community-well-being-a-key-informant-study-from-sri-lanka
#11
Bhadranie Thoradeniya, Uthpala Pinto, Basant Maheshwari
Integrated management of water quality is critical for sustaining food production and achieving overall well-being of a community. Further, understanding people's perceptions and engagement can play an important role in achieving water and food security. The main aim of this study was to investigate the perspectives of community and other stakeholders as to how water quality impacts on agriculture, livelihood and community well-being within rural farming communities of two dry zone districts of Sri Lanka. The study adopted 'key informant interviews' as the methodology to investigate community and other stakeholder perspectives to collect primary data over a period of four months...
November 4, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102325/surveillance-for-control-of-antimicrobial-resistance
#12
REVIEW
Evelina Tacconelli, Frangiscos Sifakis, Stephan Harbarth, Remco Schrijver, Maaike van Mourik, Andreas Voss, Mike Sharland, Nithya Babu Rajendran, Jesús Rodríguez-Baño
Antimicrobial resistance poses a growing threat to public health and the provision of health care. Its surveillance should provide up-to-date and relevant information to monitor the appropriateness of therapy guidelines, antibiotic formulary, antibiotic stewardship programmes, public health interventions, infection control policies, and antimicrobial development. In Europe, although the European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network provides annual reports on monitored resistant bacteria, national surveillance efforts are still fragmented and heterogeneous, and have substantial structural problems and issues with laboratory data...
October 25, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099850/determinants-of-severe-anemia-among-laboring-mothers-in-mekelle-city-public-hospitals-tigray-region-ethiopia
#13
Yirga Ebuy, Mussie Alemayehu, Mengistu Mitiku, Gelila K Goba
INTRODUCTION: Anemia is a global public health problem that has affected a significant number of pregnant mothers worldwide. The World Health Organization has estimated the prevalence of anemia in pregnant women at 18% and 56% in developed and developing countries, respectively. This study aimed to identify factors associated with severe anemia among laboring women in Mekelle city public hospitals, Tigray, Ethiopia. METHODS: This unmatched case-control study involved 264 (88 = cases and 176 = controls) pregnant women who were recruited when they came for delivery service in Mekelle city public hospitals...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081573/turn-taking-in-cooperative-offspring-care-by-product-of-individual-provisioning-behavior-or-active-response-rule
#14
James L Savage, Lucy E Browning, Andrea Manica, Andrew F Russell, Rufus A Johnstone
ABSTRACT: For individuals collaborating to rear offspring, effective organization of resource delivery is difficult because each carer benefits when the others provide a greater share of the total investment required. When investment is provided in discrete events, one possible solution is to adopt a turn-taking strategy whereby each individual reduces its contribution rate after investing, only increasing its rate again once another carer contributes. To test whether turn-taking occurs in a natural cooperative care system, here we use a continuous time Markov model to deduce the provisioning behavior of the chestnut-crowned babbler (Pomatostomus ruficeps), a cooperatively breeding Australian bird with variable number of carers...
2017: Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072498/exploring-the-influence-of-differentiated-nutrition-information-on-consumers-mental-models-regarding-foods-from-edible-insects-a-means-end-chain-analysis
#15
Kennedy O Pambo, Julius J Okello, Robert M Mbeche, John N Kinyuru
This study used a field experiment and means-end chain analysis to examine the effects of positive and perceived negative nutrition information on the households' motivations to consume insect-based foods. It used a random sample of households drawn from rural communities in Kenya. The study found that provision of nutrition information on benefits of edible insects and perceived negative aspects of insect-based foods influences participants' perceptions of insect-based foods and hence acceptance. We also found that tasting real products influenced the nature of mental constructs...
October 26, 2017: Ecology of Food and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070544/excess-iron-intake-as-a-factor-in-growth-infections-and-development-of-infants-and-young-children
#16
REVIEW
Bo Lönnerdal
The provision of iron via supplementation or the fortification of foods has been shown to be effective in preventing and treating iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia in infants and young children. However, iron is a pro-oxidative element and can have negative effects on biological systems even at moderate amounts. An increasing number of studies have reported adverse effects of iron that was given to infants and young-children populations who initially were iron replete. These effects include decreased growth (both linear growth and weight), increased illness (usually diarrhea), interactions with other trace elements such as copper and zinc, altered gut microbiota to more pathogenic bacteria, increased inflammatory markers, and impaired cognitive and motor development...
October 25, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065544/pharmacological-effects-of-two-novel-bombesin-like-peptides-from-the-skin-secretions-of-chinese-piebald-odorous-frog-odorrana-schmackeri-and-european-edible-frog-pelophylax-kl-esculentus-on-smooth-muscle
#17
Xiaowei Zhou, Chengbang Ma, Mei Zhou, Yuning Zhang, Xinping Xi, Ruimin Zhong, Tianbao Chen, Chris Shaw, Lei Wang
Bombesin-like peptides, which were identified from a diversity of amphibian skin secretions, have been demonstrated to possess several biological functions such as stimulation of smooth muscle contraction and regulation of food intake. Here, we report two novel bombesin-like peptides, bombesin-OS and bombesin-PE, which were isolated from Odorrana schmackeri and Pelophylax kl. esculentus, respectively. The mature peptides were identified and structurally confirmed by high performance Scliquid chromatography (HPLC) and tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS)...
October 23, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061969/direct-benefits-explain-interspecific-variation-in-helping-behaviour-among-cooperatively-breeding-birds
#18
Sjouke A Kingma
Kin selection theory provides one important explanation for seemingly altruistic helping behaviour by non-breeding subordinates in cooperative breeding animals. However, it cannot explain why helpers in many species provide energetically costly care to unrelated offspring. Here, I use comparative analyses to show that direct fitness benefits of helping others, associated with future opportunities to breed in the resident territory, are responsible for the widespread variation in helping effort (offspring food provisioning) and kin discrimination across cooperatively breeding birds...
October 23, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061382/daily-distribution-of-free-healthy-school-meals-or-food-voucher-intervention-perceptions-and-attitudes-of-parents-and-educators
#19
Archontoula Dalma, Dina Zota, Matina Kouvari, Christina-Maria Kastorini, Afroditi Veloudaki, Paloma Ellis-Montalban, Athanassios Petralias, Athena Linos
AIMS: To qualitatively evaluate the optimal intervention (food-voucher approach vs. free daily meal distribution), aimed at reducing food insecurity and promoting healthy eating among students attending public schools in socioeconomically disadvantaged areas. METHODS: We randomly assigned 34 schools to one of the two interventions: students in 17 schools received a daily lunch-box and parents in the other 17 schools received a food voucher of equal value once a month...
January 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061141/a-multi-stakeholder-evaluation-of-the-baltimore-city-virtual-supermarket-program
#20
Pooja Lagisetty, Laura Flamm, Summer Rak, Jessica Landgraf, Michele Heisler, Jane Forman
BACKGROUND: Increasing access to healthy foods and beverages in disadvantaged communities is a public health priority due to alarmingly high rates of obesity. The Virtual Supermarket Program (VSP) is a Baltimore City Health Department program that uses online grocery ordering to deliver food to low-income neighborhoods. This study evaluates stakeholder preferences and barriers of program implementation. METHODS: This study assessed the feasibility, sustainability and efficacy of the VSP by surveying 93 customers and interviewing 14 programmatic stakeholders who had recently used the VSP or been involved with program design and implementation...
October 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
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