keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Process evaluation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735526/the-biocompatibility-of-bone-cements-progress-in-methodological-approach
#1
Carlo Dall'Oca, Tommaso Maluta, Gian Mario Micheloni, Matteo Cengarle, Giampaolo Morbioli, Paolo Bernardi, Andrea Sbarbati, Daniele Degl'Innocenti, Franco Lavini, Bruno Magnan
The ideal bone graft substitute should have certain properties and there are many studies dealing with mixture of polymethylmetacrilate (PMMA) and β-tricalciumphospate (β-TCP) presenting the best characteristics of both. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), for ultra-structural data, resulted a very reliable in vivo model to better understand the bioactivity of a cement and to properly evaluate its suitability for a particular purpose. The present study aims to further improve the knowledge on osteointegration development, using both parameters obtained with the Environmental Scanning Electron Microscopy (ESEM) and focused histological examination...
May 4, 2017: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735521/myd88-erk-nfkb%C3%A2-pathways-and-pro-inflammatory-cytokines-release-in-periodontal-ligament-stem-cells-stimulated-by-porphyromonas%C3%A2-gingivalis
#2
Francesca Diomede, Maria Zingariello, Marcos F X B Cavalcanti, Ilaria Merciaro, Jacopo Pizzicannella, Natalia De Isla, Sergio Caputi, Patrizia Ballerini, Oriana Trubiani
The present study was aimed at investigating whether human Periodontal Ligament Stem Cells (hPDLSCs) were capable of sensing and reacting to lipopolysaccharide from Porphyromonas gingivalis (LPS-G) which is widely recognized as a major pathogen in the development and progression of periodontitis. At this purpose hPDLCs were stimulated with 5 μg/mL LPS-G various times and the expression of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) was evaluated. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) play an essential role in innate immune signaling in response to microbial infections, and in particular TLR4, type-I transmembrane proteins, has been shown recognizing LPS-G...
May 24, 2017: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735495/neuroanatomical-and-resting-state-eeg-power-correlates-of-central-hearing-loss-in-older-adults
#3
Nathalie Giroud, Sarah Hirsiger, Raphaela Muri, Andrea Kegel, Norbert Dillier, Martin Meyer
To gain more insight into central hearing loss, we investigated the relationship between cortical thickness and surface area, speech-relevant resting state EEG power, and above-threshold auditory measures in older adults and younger controls. Twenty-three older adults and 13 younger controls were tested with an adaptive auditory test battery to measure not only traditional pure-tone thresholds, but also above individual thresholds of temporal and spectral processing. The participants' speech recognition in noise (SiN) was evaluated, and a T1-weighted MRI image obtained for each participant...
July 22, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735386/the-performance-and-microbial-communities-of-biodegradation-electron-transfer-with-sulfur-metabolism-integrated-process-for-flue-gas-desulfurization-wastewater-treatment
#4
Chao Wei, Wenjie He, Li Wei, Jun Ma, Chunying Li
The biodegradation-electron transfer with sulfur metabolism integrated (BESI(®)) process was used for the treatment of real flue gas desulfurization wastewater. The BESI(®) process consists of an anaerobic activated sludge reactor, an anoxic activated sludge reactor, and an aerobic bio-film reactor. The performance of the integrated process was evaluated by the removal efficiencies of organics and nitrogen pollutants. The sulfate in the wastewater was used as an abundant sulfur source to drive the integrated process...
July 22, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735312/effect-of-lyophilization-on-survivability-and-growth-kinetic-of-trichoderma-strains-preserved-on-various-agriculture-by-products
#5
Danuta Witkowska, Katarzyna Buska-Pisarek, Wojciech Łaba, Michał Piegza, Anna Kancelista
Growth of four Trichoderma strains were tested on lignocellulosic by-products in solid state fermentation (SSF). The strains were also analyzed for their survival rate and growth after lyophilization on these carriers. All applied monocomponent and bicomponent media were substrates for the production and preservation of Trichoderma biomass. However, the maximum number of colony forming units (CFU/g dm) was acquired on bicomponent media based on dried grass and beet pulp or grass with corn cobs, when compared to monocomponent media...
July 6, 2017: Polish Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735241/a-new-integrated-approach-to-analyze-bulk-tank-milk-and-raw-milk-filters-for-the-presence-of-the-e-coli-serogroups-frequently-associated-with-vtec-status
#6
Francesca Albonico, Claudia Gusmara, Theo Gugliotta, Monica Loiacono, Michele Mortarino, Alfonso Zecconi
We optimized a combination of microbiological and molecular methods to quickly identify the presence of the O157 and the six non-O157 serogroups (O26, O45, O103, O111, O121 and O145) most frequently associated with VTEC status, at herd level. The lower detection limit of this methodology is 10(1)CFU/ml for each of the serogroups tested. We tested 67 bulk tank milk (BTM) and raw milk filters (RMF) derived from dairy herds located in Lombardy and Trentino Alto Adige. We identified 3 positive samples and 20 positive samples out of 67 respectively in the BTM and RMF...
July 17, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735238/the-influence-of-heavy-metals-on-toxicogenetic-damage-in-a-brazilian-tropical-river
#7
Leomá A Matos, Ana C S Cunha, Aline A Sousa, Jéssica P R Maranhão, Nathanyel R S Santos, Matheus de M C Gonçalves, Sandra M M de M Dantas, João M de C E Sousa, Ana P Peron, Felipe Cavalcanti Carneiro da Silva, Marcus V O B de Alencar, Md Torequl Islam, Raí Pablo Sousa de Aguiar, Ana A de C Melo-Cavalcante, Claúdia C Bonecker, Horácio F J Junior
Anthropogenic activities in tropical rivers favor the eutrophication process, which causes increased concentration of heavy metals. The presence and bioaccumulation of metals are directly related to the presence of genotoxic damage in aquatic organisms. Thus, we evaluated the presence of heavy metals (Fe, Zn, Cr, Cu and Al) and performed toxicogenetic tests in surface (S) and bottom (B) of water samples of the Poti river (Piaui/Brazil). Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity tests were performed in Allium cepa, and micronucleus (MN) and comet assay were performed in Oreochromis niloticus...
July 19, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735236/oxidation-of-tris-2-chloroethyl-phosphate-in-aqueous-solution-by-uv-activated-peroxymonosulfate-kinetics-water-matrix-effects-degradation-products-and-reaction-pathways
#8
Xinxin Xu, Jing Chen, Ruijuan Qu, Zunyao Wang
The feasibility of UV-activated peroxymonosulfate (PMS) technology for the degradation of Tris (2-chloroethyl) phosphate (TCEP) in an aqueous solution was investigated in this study. The conditions of [PMS]0: [TCEP]0 = 20:1, T = 25 ± 2 °C and pH = 5.5 ± 0.5 cause a 94.6% removal of TCEP (1 mg L(-1)) after 30 min of Hg lamp irradiation. The effects of operating parameters (the oxidant doses, pH and presence of typical cations (Fe(3+), Cu(2+), Ni(2+), NH4(+)), anions (Cl(-), HCO3(-), NO3(-), HPO4(2-)) and humic acid (HA)) were evaluated...
July 19, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735203/grape-stalk-application-for-caffeine-removal-through-adsorption
#9
Rodrigo Portinho, Odivan Zanella, Liliana Amaral Féris
Concern over emerging pollutants presence in water resources is growing, justifying the search for alternative or additional techniques to those applied in conventional water treatment processes. Use of adsorption with agricultural wastes directly as adsorbents or as precursors for activated carbon synthesis is a viable method, combining removal efficiency, low cost and biodegradability of the material applied. This study investigated the employability of grape stalk, a waste from grape industrialization process without effective use, in caffeine removal from aqueous solution...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735166/fidelity-in-school-based-child-sexual-abuse-prevention-programs-a-systematic-review
#10
Jenny Lynas, Russell Hawkins
The aim of this study was to systematically review and evaluate the quality of the school-based child sexual abuse prevention education research in terms of implementation fidelity. A comprehensive literature search in PsycINFO, Medline, Education Resource Information Centre (ERIC) and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials was conducted. Articles included peer-reviewed, primary research studies related to the delivery of child sexual abuse prevention education programs within school settings published since 1996...
July 20, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735060/individual-roles-of-brain-and-serum-alcohol-dehydrogenase-isoforms-in-regulation-of-alcohol-consumption-in-spf-wistar-rats
#11
Vsevolod V Pavshintsev, Nikita A Mitkin, Olga Y Frolova, Ekaterina A Kushnir, Olga A Averina, Maxim L Lovat
Alcohol dehydrogenases (ADH) are key enzymes of ethanol metabolism that mediate its oxidation to acetaldehyde. ADHs are also able to oxidize some types of neurotransmitters such as dopamine, serotonin and norepinephrine. Increased level of ADHs activity, induced by chronic alcohol consumption, is presumably associated with disturbed neurotransmitters metabolism that leads to stable alcohol craving. As earlier reported, intraperitoneal administration of 4-methilpirasole (non-specific inhibitor of ADHs) has shown to provide a short-term anti-alcoholic effect, but individual roles of ADH isoforms in this process were still unclear...
July 19, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735041/self-assembled-polypeptide-nanoparticles-for-intracellular-irinotecan-delivery
#12
N N Zashikhina, M V Volokitina, V A Korzhikov-Vlakh, I I Tarasenko, A Lavrentieva, T Scheper, E Rhuel, R V Orlova, T B Tennikova, E G Korzhikova-Vlakh
In this research poly(l-lysine)-b-poly(l-leucine) (PLys-b-PLeu) polymersomes were developed. It was shown that the size of nanoparticles depended on pH of self-assembly process and varied from 180 to 650nm. The biodegradation of PLys-b-PLeu nanoparticles was evaluated using in vitro polypeptide hydrolysis in two model enzymatic systems, as well as in human blood plasma. The experiments of the visualization of cellular uptake of rhodamine 6g-loaded and fluorescein-labeled nanoparticles were carried out, which approved the possibility of their penetration into the cells...
July 19, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734975/how-consumers-are-affected-by-product-descriptions-in-online-shopping-event-related-potentials-evidence-of-the-attribute-framing-effect
#13
Jia Jin, Wuke Zhang, Mingliang Chen
Due to the limitations of the human ability to process information, e-consumers' decisions are likely to be influenced by various cognitive biases, such as the attribute framing effect. This effect has been well studied by numerous scholars; however, the associated underlying neural mechanisms with a critical temporal resolution have not been revealed. Thus, this study applies the measurement of event-related potentials (ERPs) to directly examine the role of attribute framing in information processing and decision-making in online shopping...
July 19, 2017: Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734949/the-program-evaluation-committee-in-action-lessons-learned-from-a-general-surgery-residency-s-experience
#14
Shanley B Deal, Heather Seabott, Lily Chang, Adnan A Alseidi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the success of the annual program evaluation process and describe the experience of a Program Evaluation Committee for a General Surgery residency program. DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective review of the Program Evaluation Committee's meeting minutes, data inputs, and outcomes from 2014 to 2016. We identified top priorities by year, characterized supporting data, summarized the improvement plans and outcome measures, and evaluated whether the outcomes were achieved at 1 year...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734907/predicting-relapse-in-schizophrenia-is-bdnf-a-plausible-biological-marker
#15
Anilkumar Pillai, Nina R Schooler, Diya Peter, Stephen W Looney, Donald C Goff, Alexander Kopelowicz, John Lauriello, Theo Manschreck, Alan Mendelowitz, Del D Miller, Joanne B Severe, Daniel R Wilson, Donna Ames, Juan Bustillo, John M Kane, Peter F Buckley
Understanding the biological processes that underlie why patients relapse is an issue of fundamental importance to the detection and prevention of relapse in schizophrenia. Brain Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF), a facilitator of brain plasticity, is reduced in patients with schizophrenia. In the present study, we examined whether decreases in plasma BDNF levels could be used as a biological predictor of relapse in schizophrenia. A total of 221 patients were prospectively evaluated for relapse over 30months in the Preventing Relapse in Schizophrenia: Oral Antipsychotics Compared to Injectables: eValuating Efficacy (PROACTIVE) study...
July 19, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734837/neural-reuse-of-action-perception-circuits-for-language-concepts-and-communication
#16
REVIEW
Friedemann Pulvermüller
Neurocognitive and neurolinguistics theories make explicit statements relating specialized cognitive and linguistic processes to specific brain loci. These linking hypotheses are in need of neurobiological explanation. Recent mathematical models of human language mechanisms constrained by fundamental neuroscience principles and established knowledge about comparative neuroanatomy offer explanations for where, when and how language is processed in the human brain. In these models, network structure and connectivity along with action- and perception-induced correlation of neuronal activity co-determine neurocognitive mechanisms...
July 19, 2017: Progress in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734773/epico-4-0-total-quality-in-the-management-of-invasive-candidiasis-in-critically-ill-patients-by-analysing-the-integrated-process
#17
Rafael Zaragoza, Ricard Ferrer, Pedro Llinares, Emilio Maseda, Alejandro Rodríguez, Santiago Grau, Guillermo Quindós
BACKGROUND: A high quality integrated process in the clinical setting of non-neutropenic critically ill patients at risk for invasive candidiasis is a necessary tool to improve the management of these patients. AIMS: To identify the key points on invasive candidiasis in order to develop a set of recommendations with a high level of consensus required for the creation of a total quality integrated process for the management of non-neutropenic critically ill patients at risk of invasive candidiasis...
July 19, 2017: Revista Iberoamericana de Micología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734736/analysis-of-medication-adherence-related-notes-from-a-service-oriented-community-pharmacy
#18
Matthew Witry, Rachel Parry, Randal McDonough, Michael Deninger
BACKGROUND: Medication nonadherence is a significant public health problem. Community pharmacists are positioned to intervene, however, the process is not well understood. OBJECTIVE: To classify and quantify the reasons for nonadherence documented by community pharmacists. METHODS: A retrospective content analysis of pharmacist notes related to nonadherence at a service oriented community pharmacy in the Midwest United States. Notes from the site's dispensing custom documentation software were obtained from September 1, 2014 through February 28, 2015 that were labeled "compliance", either prompted by proportion of days covered calculations or entered as a drug therapy problem...
July 15, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734590/evaluation-of-electricity-generation-from-lignin-residue-and-biogas-in-cellulosic-ethanol-production
#19
Gang Liu, Jie Bao
This study takes the first insight on the rigorous evaluation of electricity generation based on the experimentally measured higher heating value (HHV) of lignin residue, as well as the chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biological oxygen demand (BOD5) of wastewater. For producing one metric ton of ethanol fuel from five typical lignocellulose substrates, including corn stover, wheat straw, rice straw, sugarcane bagasse and poplar sawdust, 1.26-1.85tons of dry lignin residue is generated from biorefining process and 0...
July 8, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734555/decisional-and-dispositional-capacity-determinations-neuropsychiatric-illness-and-an-integrated-clinical-paradigm
#20
REVIEW
James A Bourgeois, Mary Ann Cohen, Jennifer M Erickson, Rebecca Weintraub Brendel
BACKGROUND: Assessment of decisional capacity requires thorough clinical review of a patient's current psychiatric symptoms and cognitive processes. The assessment to determine the patient's capacity for self-management postdischarge is a different clinical concept from decisional capacity. OBJECTIVES: Standardized guidelines for capacity determinations (both for informed consent and for disposition) would be helpful to clinicians, patients, and their caregivers...
May 13, 2017: Psychosomatics
keyword
keyword
58536
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"