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Community-based participatory research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449387/sustaining-nurse-led-task-shifting-strategies-for-hypertension-control-a-concept-mapping-study-to-inform-evidence-based-practice
#1
Sarah Blackstone, Juliet Iwelunmor, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Joyce Gyamfi, Nana Kofi Quakyi, Micheal Ntim, Gbenga Ogedegbe
BACKGROUND: The use of task-shifting is an increasingly widespread delivery approach for health interventions targeting prevention, treatment, and control of hypertension in adults living in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Addressing a gap in the literature, this research examined the sustainability of an ongoing task-shifting strategy for hypertension (TASSH) from the perspectives of community health nurses (CHNs) implementing the program. METHODS: We used concept-mapping, a mixed-methods participatory approach to understand CHNs' perceptions of barriers and enablers to sustaining a task-shifting program...
April 27, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428165/a-framework-for-the-study-of-complex-mhealth-interventions-in-diverse-cultural-settings
#2
Marion A Maar, Karen Yeates, Nancy Perkins, Lisa Boesch, Diane Hua-Stewart, Peter Liu, Jessica Sleeth, Sheldon W Tobe
BACKGROUND: To facilitate decision-making capacity between options of care under real-life service conditions, clinical trials must be pragmatic to evaluate mobile health (mHealth) interventions under the variable conditions of health care settings with a wide range of participants. The mHealth interventions require changes in the behavior of patients and providers, creating considerable complexity and ambiguity related to causal chains. Process evaluations of the implementation are necessary to shed light on the range of unanticipated effects an intervention may have, what the active ingredients in everyday practice are, how they exert their effect, and how these may vary among recipients or between sites...
April 20, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416084/a-conceptual-framework-for-negotiating-public-involvement-in-municipal-waste-management-decision-making-in-the-uk
#3
Kenisha Garnett, Tim Cooper, Philip Longhurst, Simon Jude, Sean Tyrrel
The technical expertise that politicians relied on in the past to produce cost-effective and environmentally sound solutions no longer provides sufficient justification to approve waste facilities. Local authorities need to find more effective ways to involve stakeholders and communities in decision-making since public acceptance of municipal waste facilities is integral to delivering effective waste strategies. This paper presents findings from a research project that explored attitudes towards greater levels of public involvement in UK waste management decision-making...
April 13, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407068/a-successful-model-for-longitudinal-community-engaged-health-research-the-2040-partners-for-health-student-program
#4
Romany M Redman, Magdalena C Reinsvold, Anireddy Reddy, Paige E Bennett, Janine M Hoerauf, Kristina M Puls, Alida R Ovrutsky, Alexandra R Ly, Gregory White, Owetta McNeil, Janet J Meredith
Introduction.: Community-based participatory research [CBPR] is an emerging approach to collaborative research aimed at creating locally effective and sustainable interventions. The 2040 Partners for Health student program was developed as a unique model of longitudinal CBPR. Analysis of this program and its components illuminates both the challenges and the opportunities inherent in community engagement. Methods.: The program rests on a foundation of a community-based, non-profit organization and a supportive academic university centre...
April 12, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406041/the-nexus-between-health-and-time-use-among-racially-and-ethnically-diverse-women
#5
Cathleen D Zick, Iris Buder, Norman J Waitzman, Sara Simonsen, Kathleen Digre
OBJECTIVES: Ethnic and racial health disparities have been well-documented in the scholarly literature. In recent years, evidence about time spent in physical (in)activity and its relationship to physical and mental health has also emerged. This study assesses if observed ethnic/racial health differences were associated with differences in time use. DESIGN: Our analyses utilized baseline data from 510 Utah women who enrolled in one of two community-based, participatory research intervention studies between 2012 and 2015...
April 13, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405897/culturally-relevant-online-cancer-education-modules-empower-alaska-s-community-health-aides-practitioners-to-disseminate-cancer-information-and-reduce-cancer-risk
#6
Katie Cueva, Laura Revels, Melany Cueva, Anne P Lanier, Mark Dignan, K Viswanath, Teresa T Fung, Alan C Geller
To address a desire for timely, medically accurate cancer education in rural Alaska, ten culturally relevant online learning modules were developed with, and for, Alaska's Community Health Aides/Practitioners (CHA/Ps). The project was guided by the framework of Community-Based Participatory Action Research, honored Indigenous Ways of Knowing, and was informed by Empowerment Theory. A total of 428 end-of-module evaluation surveys were completed by 89 unique Alaska CHA/Ps between January and December 2016. CHA/Ps shared that as a result of completing the modules, they were empowered to share cancer information with their patients, families, friends, and communities, as well as engage in cancer risk reduction behaviors such as eating healthier, getting cancer screenings, exercising more, and quitting tobacco...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389420/the-reviews-are-in-a-qualitative-content-analysis-of-consumer-perspectives-on-apps-for-bipolar-disorder
#7
Jennifer Nicholas, Andrea S Fogarty, Katherine Boydell, Helen Christensen
BACKGROUND: The delivery of mobile health (mHealth) services is acceptable to mental health consumers. However, despite the benefits of accessibility, cost-effectiveness, anonymity, and ability to tailor content to individual needs, consumer engagement remains a hurdle for uptake and continued use. This may be unsurprising as few studies have examined app content from the consumer perspective or assessed consumer preferences for the content of apps for mental health management. An opportunity to examine consumer perspectives exists in using naturally generated data that is publically available in the Google Play and Apple app stores...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387794/engaging-african-american-women-in-research-an-approach-to-eliminate-health-disparities-in-the-african-american-community
#8
Joedrecka S Brown Speights, Alexandra C H Nowakowski, Jessica De Leon, M Miaisha Mitchell, Ivana Simpson
Objective: To explore the success of community-based participatory research [CBPR] in engaging African American women to achieve health equity by elucidating community, trust, communication and impact. Recommendations helpful for researchers interested in engaging communities to achieve health equity in the USA are included. Inroduction: African American women experience health disparities of multifactorial etiology and are underrepresented in research. CBPR is a collaborative approach that incorporates perspectives, which address the intricate determinants of health and has been reported as an effective means to address health disparities...
April 6, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383981/building-community-resilience-to-violent-extremism-through-genuine-partnerships
#9
B Heidi Ellis, Saida Abdi
What is community resilience in relation to violent extremism, and how can we build it? This article explores strategies to harness community assets that may contribute to preventing youth from embracing violent extremism, drawing from models of community resilience as defined in relation to disaster preparedness. Research suggests that social connection is at the heart of resilient communities and any strategy to increase community resilience must both harness and enhance existing social connections, and endeavor to not damage or diminish them...
April 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382582/building-practitioner-networks-to-support-dissemination-and-implementation-of-evidence-based-programs-in-community-settings
#10
Shoba Ramanadhan, Sara Minsky, Vilma Martinez-Dominguez, Kasisomayajula Viswanath
Insufficient capacity to use evidence-based programs (EBPs) limits the impact of community-based organizations (CBOs) to improve population health and address health disparities. PLANET MassCONECT was a community-based participatory research (CBPR) project conducted in three Massachusetts communities. Researchers and practitioners co-created an intervention to build capacity among CBO staff members to systematically find, adapt, and evaluate EBPs. The project supported development of trainee social networks and this cross-sectional study examines the association between network engagement and EBP usage, an important goal of the capacity-building program...
April 5, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376524/social-support-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-low-income-women-findings-from-community-based-participatory-research
#11
Hamisu M Salihu, Korede Adegoke, DeAnne Turner, Dania Al Agili, Estrellita Lo Berry
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the association between social support and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among low-income women in the southeastern region of the United States. METHODS: Analysis was performed on data from a community needs assessment survey that was designed to explore social determinants of health and QoL indicators using a community-based participatory research approach. The study sample comprised 132 women aged 18 years old and older...
April 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363179/integrated-socio-hydrogeological-approach-to-tackle-nitrate-contamination-in-groundwater-resources-the-case-of-grombalia-basin-tunisia
#12
V Re, E Sacchi, S Kammoun, C Tringali, R Trabelsi, K Zouari, S Daniele
Nitrate contamination still remains one of the main groundwater quality issues in several aquifers worldwide, despite the perduring efforts of the international scientific community to effectively tackle this problem. The classical hydrogeological and isotopic investigations are obviously of paramount importance for the characterization of contaminant sources, but are clearly not sufficient for the correct and long-term protection of groundwater resources. This paper aims at demonstrating the effectiveness of the socio-hydrogeological approach as the best tool to tackle groundwater quality issues, while contributing bridging the gap between science and society...
March 28, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359352/collective-and-negotiated-design-for-a-clinical-trial-addressing-smoking-cessation-supports-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islander-mothers-in-nsw-sa-and-qld-developing-a-pilot-study
#13
Michelle Bovill, Yael Bar-Zeev, Maree Gruppetta, Peter O'Mara, Brett Cowling, Gillian S Gould
Tobacco smoking leads to one in five deaths of Aboriginal Australians and accounts for 17% of the reversible health gap. One in two Aboriginal women are reported to smoke during pregnancy, with no effective strategies currently available for health practitioners to utilise for supporting Aboriginal women. Aboriginal community participation in primary health research is crucial to implementing ethical research, with a clear benefit to the people and communities involved. However, currently there is little evidence on how Aboriginal programs and interventions are being developed in partnership with Aboriginal people and communities...
March 31, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353402/everyday-ethics-of-participation-a-case-study-of-a-cbpr-in-nunavik
#14
Sarah Fraser, Georgia Vrakas, Arlene Laliberté, Raymond Mickpegak
INTRODUCTION: Multiple reports highlight the need for community-based family-oriented prevention services for Aboriginal peoples in order to address important health and social inequalities. Participatory, empowerment-based approaches are generally favoured for these means. Faced with important social issues, in a context of colonisation and complex power dynamics, we question how community members experience participation, as well as the everyday dynamics that take place when attempting to create community-level change...
March 1, 2017: Global Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349049/relationship-between-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-knowledge-hiv-related-stigma-and-hiv-testing-among-young-black-adults-in-a-southeastern-city
#15
Eunice Okumu, David H Jolly, Le'Marus Alston, Natalie T Eley, Michelle Laws, Kathleen M MacQueen
The southeast is identified as the epicenter of the nation's human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic, accounting for nearly 44% of all persons living with a HIV diagnosis in the United States. HIV stigma and knowledge have been cited as some of the complex factors increasing risk of acquiring HIV within African-American communities. We sought to understand how HIV knowledge and HIV-related stigma impact HIV testing experience among young Black adults who completed a community-based participatory research survey in a Southeastern city...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343021/application-of-mixed-methods-design-in-community-engaged-research-lessons-learned-from-an-evidence-based-intervention-for-latinos-with-chronic-illness-and-minor-depression
#16
Claudia X Aguado Loi, Moya L Alfonso, Isabella Chan, Kelsey Anderson, Dinorah Dina Martinez Tyson, Junius Gonzales, Jaime Corvin
The purpose of this paper is to share lessons learned from a collaborative, community-informed mixed-methods approach to adapting an evidence-based intervention to meet the needs of Latinos with chronic disease and minor depression and their family members. Mixed-methods informed by community-based participatory research (CBPR) were employed to triangulate multiple stakeholders' perceptions of facilitators and barriers of implementing the adapted intervention in community settings. Community partners provided an insider perspective to overcome methodological challenges...
December 24, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337924/making-sense-of-the-public-stigma-of-suicide
#17
Patrick W Corrigan, Lindsay Sheehan, Maya A Al-Khouja
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that stigma is a barrier to care for individuals who have attempted suicide. While extensive work has examined the stigma of mental illness, less research has focused on the public stigma of suicide. Existing measures of suicide stigma have lacked a conceptual foundation or have failed to include the perspectives of suicide stakeholders. AIMS: This research draws on previous qualitative research with suicide stakeholders to create a measure of public suicide stigma...
March 24, 2017: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334802/engagement-strategies-that-foster-community-self-determination-in-participatory-research-insider-ownership-through-outsider-championship
#18
Jon Salsberg, Soultana Macridis, Enrique Garcia Bengoechea, Ann C Macaulay, Spencer Moore
Background.: In order to maximize the benefits of community-based participatory research, effective ownership over the research process must be at least equally in the hands of the community. A previous social network analysis documented that the participatory research process shifted ownership from academic to community partners, but did not show what actions and strategies fostered this shift. Objectives.: This study follows the trajectory of a community-academic partnership and asks, from the perspective of the project stakeholders, which actions and strategies over the lifespan of the research led to the observed shift in ownership and decision-making from the original external academics to the community stakeholders? Methods...
February 18, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334786/lessons-learned-from-community-based-participatory-research-establishing-a-partnership-to-support-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-transgender-ageing-in-place
#19
Leslie A Wright, Diane K King, Jessica H Retrum, Kenneth Helander, Shari Wilkins, Jennifer M Boggs, Jennifer Dickman Portz, Kathryn Nearing, Wendolyn S Gozansky
Background.: Due to a history of oppression and lack of culturally competent services, lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) seniors experience barriers to accessing social services. Tailoring an evidence-based ageing in place intervention to address the unique needs of LGBT seniors may decrease the isolation often faced by this population. Objective.: To describe practices used in the formation of a community-based participatory research (CBPR), partnership involving social workers, health services providers, researchers and community members who engaged to establish a LGBT ageing in place model called Seniors Using Supports To Age In Neighborhoods (SUSTAIN)...
February 21, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334748/the-shifting-dynamics-of-social-roles-and-project-ownership-over-the-lifecycle-of-a-community-based-participatory-research-project
#20
Jon Salsberg, Soultana Macridis, Enrique Garcia Bengoechea, Ann C Macaulay, Spencer Moore
Background: . Community based participatory research (CBPR) is often initiated by academic researchers, yet relies on meaningful community engagement and ownership to have lasting impact. Little is understood about how ownership shifts from academic to community partners. Objectives: . We examined a CBPR project over its life course and asked: what does the evolution of ownership look like from project initiation by an academic (non-community) champion (T1); to maturation-when the intervention is ready to be deployed (T2); to independence-the time when the original champion steps aside (T3); and finally, to its maintenance-when the community has had an opportunity to function independently of the original academic champion (T4)? Methods: ...
February 21, 2017: Family Practice
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