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Community-based participatory research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905907/addressing-asthma-and-obesity-in-children-with-community-health-workers-proof-of-concept-intervention-development
#1
Molly A Martin, Steven K Rothschild, Elizabeth Lynch, Katherine Kaufer Christoffel, Militza M Pagán, Jose Luis Rodriguez, Anna Barnes, Kelly Karavolos, Antonieta Diaz, Lucretia M Hoffman, Diana Plata, Sandra Villalpando
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to design and test the feasibility and impact of a community health worker (CHW) intervention for comorbid asthma and obesity. METHODS: Using a proof of concept study design, we collected pre/post outcomes from a single intervention cohort of urban low-income in a single community area. A community-based participatory research approach was employed. Forty-six children and their caregivers were recruited. Children were 5-12 years old with physician-diagnosed asthma and body mass index (BMI) > 85%...
December 1, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903768/development-of-a-nutrition-education-intervention-for-food-bank-clients
#2
Jayna M Dave, Deborah I Thompson, Ann Svendsen-Sanchez, Lorna Haughton McNeill, Maria Jibaja-Weiss
The focus of this article is the development of a nutrition education intervention for food bank clients. Formative research using mixed-methods (qualitative and quantitative) and community-based participatory research principles was conducted to assess the nutrition education needs of clients obtaining service from the Houston Food Bank (HFB). Participants were HFB and pantry staff and clients. Interview data were coded and analyzed using grounded theory approach. Themes were then identified. Quantitative data were analyzed for frequencies and descriptives...
November 29, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900817/community-based-participatory-research-an-innovative-approach-for-improving-perioperative-care-of-underserved-children
#3
Alvina Rosales, Michelle A Fortier, Belinda Campos, Marla Vivero, Ariana Martinez, Nancy Huerta, Sheeva Zolghadr, Kathleen Adlard, Zeev N Kain
Pediatric disparities disproportionately affect Latino youth undergoing surgery and their families. As such, there is a critical need for culturally relevant frameworks that can advance perioperative intervention approaches in this population and reduce these disparities. In the following article, we first describe the methodological process of community-based participatory research (CBPR) and next report the results of the CBPR process that was conducted in this population. An interdisciplinary group of investigators, Latina mothers, and various other stakeholders met for a series of CBPR-based structured meetings...
November 30, 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892901/designing-a-virtual-simulation-case-for-cultural-competence-using-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach-a-puerto-rican-case
#4
Lilly Mathew, Barbara B Brewer, Janice D Crist, Robin J Poedel
In this study, a community-based participatory research approach was used for developing content for a virtual simulation case. The virtual simulation case was designed to develop the cultural competence of prelicensure nursing students in caring for a Puerto Rican patient with diabetes. This article presents the method used to establish a Puerto Rican community advisory board to develop content for a virtual simulation case for cultural competency.
October 11, 2016: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888263/a-cbpr-approach-to-finding-community-strengths-and-challenges-to-prevent-youth-suicide-and-substance-abuse
#5
Carrie E Holliday, Melodi Wynne, Janet Katz, Chanel Ford, Celestina Barbosa-Leiker
PURPOSE: To improve health and reduce health disparities, research partnerships with American Indian and Alaska Native communities should build on existing traditions and strengths. The overall goal of this pilot project was to clarify the needs of tribal community members and determine strengths and resources available to the community. DESIGN: Community-based participatory research was the approach used to obtain community input. Data collection methods included, Photovoice (n = 16), digital storytelling (n = 4), and community capacity surveys (n = 128)...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876025/substituting-sugar-confectionery-with-fruit-and-healthy-snacks-at-checkout-a-win-win-strategy-for-consumers-and-food-stores-a-study-on-consumer-attitudes-and-sales-effects-of-a-healthy-supermarket-intervention
#6
Lise L Winkler, Ulla Christensen, Charlotte Glümer, Paul Bloch, Bent E Mikkelsen, Brian Wansink, Ulla Toft
BACKGROUND: The widespread use of in-store marketing strategies to induce unhealthy impulsive purchases has implications for shopping experience, food choice and possibly adverse health outcomes. The aim of this study was to examine consumer attitudes and evaluate sales effects of a healthy checkout supermarket intervention. The study was part of Project Sundhed & Lokalsamfund (Project SoL); a Danish participatory community-based health promotion intervention. METHODS: Consumer attitudes towards unhealthy snack exposure in supermarkets were examined in a qualitative pre-intervention study (29 short in-store interviews, 11 semi-structured interviews and three focus group interviews)...
November 22, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872274/voices-through-cameras-using-photovoice-to-explore-food-justice-issues-with-minority-youth-in-east-harlem-new-york
#7
May May Leung, Alen Agaronov, Tara Entwistle, Lorene Harry, Julie Sharkey-Buckley, Nicholas Freudenberg
Engaging and empowering youth to promote health could be important in promoting sustainable positive behaviors. Photovoice is a community-based participatory research tool giving priority populations opportunities for active community engagement and advocacy through photography. Our project objective was to better understand youth perceptions related to food justice within their own community and identify solutions to promote positive change, using photovoice. Twelve minority youth from a low-income New York City neighborhood participated...
November 21, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870747/a-community-based-participatory-research-intervention-to-promote-physical-activity-among-rural-children-theory-and-design
#8
Kara C Hamilton, Mark T Richardson, Teirdre Owens, Timothy Morris, Elizabeth D Hathaway, John C Higginbotham
The overall objective of Project SHAPE (Shaping Health using Activity Photovoice and E-Video) was to improve physical activity levels of rural, medically underserved children by designing and implementing a culturally relevant physical activity intervention. This objective was met by using a community-based participatory research approach to design and implement an intervention that would positively affect the psychosocial constructs related to increasing physical activity, which, in turn, would lead to increases in the time spent in daily physical activity...
January 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867262/colonial-legacy-and-the-experience-of-first-nations-women-in-cervical-cancer-screening-a-canadian-multi-community-study
#9
Pamela Wakewich, Brianne Wood, Crystal Davey, Ashlie Laframboise, Ingeborg Zehbe
Regular Papanicolaou (Pap) screening has dramatically reduced cervical cancer incidence in Canada since the 1950s. However, Indigenous women's rates of cervical cancer remain disproportionately high, a factor which is not acknowledged in national media or in educational materials reporting Canada's new cervical cancer screening guidelines. Here, we present findings from a cervical cancer screening initiative in Northwestern Ontario. Based on participatory action research, we worked with 10 First Nations communities in the Robinson Superior Treaty area to increase awareness of cervical cancer risk, develop culturally sensitive tools for screening and education and test the efficacy of human papillomavirus (HPV) self-sampling as an alternative to Pap cytology...
January 1, 2016: Critical Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857997/a-critical-examination-of-the-use-of-trained-health-coaches-to-decrease-the-metabolic-syndrome-for-participants-of-a-community-based-diabetes-prevention-and-management-program
#10
Brandon Lucke-Wold, Samantha Shawley, John Spencer Ingels, Jonathan Stewart, Ranjita Misra
The epidemic of obesity and diabetes in the United States poses major challenge to the prevention and management of chronic diseases. Furthermore, when this is viewed in other components of the metabolic syndrome (i.e., the burden of high cholesterol and hypertension), the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome continues to rise in the USA continued challenge is how to deal with this epidemic from a medical and public health standpoint. Community Based Participatory Research (CBPR) is a unique approach and offers a novel perspective for answering this challenge...
2016: Journal of Healthcare Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848248/patient-centered-evaluation-of-home-based-rehabilitation-developed-using-community-based-participatory-research-approach-for-people-with-disabilities-a-case-series
#11
Minyoung Lee, Hyun-Hee Heo, Sejun Oh, Eunseung Kim, BumChul Yoon
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the locally tailored and individualized home-based rehabilitation (HBR) program developed using the community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach, in terms of perceived health in patients with different levels of social engagement, and to explore the perceived facilitators and barriers to rehabilitation. METHOD: A concurrent mixed-method design was employed. Four patients participated in the combined therapist- and self-delivered HBR program for 5 months...
November 16, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843127/a-community-based-positive-deviance-hearth-infant-and-young-child-nutrition-intervention-in-ecuador-improved-diet-and-reduced-underweight
#12
Marion L Roche, Grace S Marquis, Theresa W Gyorkos, Brittany Blouin, Julieta Sarsoza, Harriet V Kuhnlein
OBJECTIVE: Underweight and stunting are serious problems in Ecuador that require interventions in the first 2 years of life. The researchers assessed the effectiveness of a Positive Deviance (PD)/Hearth community-based intervention using local foods to improve infant and young children's nutrition. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental nonrandomized study was conducted between March and October, 2009. SETTING: The intervention and study were implemented in the Ecuadorian highlands provinces of Chimborazo and Tungurahua...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837454/diabetes-and-hypertension-in-marshallese-adults-results-from-faith-based-health-screenings
#13
Pearl Anna McElfish, Brett Rowland, Christopher R Long, Jonell Hudson, Michelle Piel, Bill Buron, Sheldon Riklon, Williamina Ioanna Bing, T Scott Warmack
BACKGROUND: The Pacific Islander population in the USA is growing rapidly. However, research on Pacific Islanders in the USA is limited, or sometimes misleading due to aggregation with Asian Americans. This project seeks to add to the dearth of health literature by conducting a health assessment of Marshallese in northwest Arkansas. METHODS: Using a community-based participatory research approach, nine health screening events were conducted at local Marshallese churches...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836970/adolescent-immigrants-the-impact-of-gender-on-health-status
#14
Cheryl Zlotnick, Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli, Hadass Goldblatt, Yael Dishon, Omer Taychaw, Efrat Shadmi
BACKGROUND: Although studies have described the 'healthy immigrant effect' in adults, far fewer have examined the 'healthy immigrant effect' for adolescents living in immigrant families. Those few studies that did, noted conflicting results, and also differed on whether gender confounds the results. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was informed by the community-based participatory research (CBPR) approach in which researchers obtained the expertise and guidance on instrument design and study implementation...
November 11, 2016: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836512/improving-community-health-through-marketing-exchanges-a-participatory-action-research-study-on-water-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-three-melanesian-countries
#15
D J Barrington, S Sridharan, S G Saunders, R T Souter, J Bartram, K F Shields, S Meo, A Kearton, R K Hughes
Diseases related to poor water, sanitation and hygiene (WaSH) are major causes of mortality and morbidity. While pursuing marketing approaches to WaSH to improve health outcomes is often narrowly associated with monetary exchange, marketing theory recognises four broad marketing exchange archetypes: market-based, non-market-based, command-based and culturally determined. This diversity reflects the need for parameters broader than monetary exchange when improving WaSH. This study applied a participatory action research process to investigate how impoverished communities in Melanesian urban and peri-urban informal settlements attempt to meet their WaSH needs through marketing exchange...
December 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833398/intersections-of-critical-systems-thinking-and-community-based-participatory-research-a-learning-organization-example-with-the-autistic-community
#16
Dora M Raymaker
Critical systems thinking (CST) and community based participatory research (CBPR) are distinct approaches to inquiry which share a primary commitment to holism and human emancipation, as well as common grounding in critical theory and emancipatory and pragmatic philosophy. This paper explores their intersections and complements on a historical, philosophical, and theoretical level, and then proposes a hybrid approach achieved by applying CBPR's principles and considerations for operationalizing emancipatory practice to traditional systems thinking frameworks and practices...
October 2016: Systemic Practice and Action Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822876/leaves-imitate-trees-minnesota-hmong-concepts-of-heredity-and-applications-to-genomics-research
#17
Kathleen A Culhane-Pera, MaiKia Moua, Pachia Vue, Kang Xiaaj, May Xia Lo, Robert J Straka
Historically, Hmong refugees in the USA were distrustful of Western medicine, medicines, and medical research due to concerns about harm and experimentation. Current Hmong concerns about genomics research are not well known. Our research aims were to identify cultural and ethical issues about conducting genomic studies in the Hmong community. Using a community-based participatory action process, the West Side Hmong Genomics Research Board conducted a qualitative exploratory research study that included semistructured interviews with five Hmong key informants and five focus groups with 42 Hmong adults near Saint Paul, Minnesota...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Community Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821128/electronic-screening-for-lifestyle-issues-and-mental-health-in-youth-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach
#18
Felicity Goodyear-Smith, Arden Corter, Hannah Suh
BACKGROUND: We previously developed YouthCHAT, a youth programme for electronic screening and intervention for lifestyle risk factors and mental health issues. Our aim was to tailor the YouthCHAT package for use in a clinic catering for disadvantaged youth, assess its acceptability and utility, and develop a framework to scale-up its implementation. METHODS: We used a community-based participatory research approach to implement YouthCHAT in a rural clinic in New Zealand...
November 8, 2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818437/health-care-use-and-barriers-to-care-among-latino-immigrants-in-a-new-migration-area
#19
Farrah Jacquez, Lisa Vaughn, Jenny Zhen-Duan, Camille Graham
Unlike regions with larger Latino populations, the health care infrastructure in Cincinnati does not include linguistically and culturally appropriate services to meet the need of the growing Latino immigrant community. In order to guide development of appropriate health care services, a team of academic and community researchers collaborated on a community-based participatory research project to understand health care use, barriers to health care, perceptions of health care, and health care needs of Latino immigrants...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818417/rural-health-networks-and-care-coordination-health-care-innovation-in-frontier-communities-to-improve-patient-outcomes-and-reduce-health-care-costs
#20
Pat Conway, Heidi Favet, Laurie Hall, Jenny Uhrich, Jeanette Palche, Sarah Olimb, Nathan Tesch, Margaret York-Jesme, Joe Bianco
Rural residents' health is challenged by high health care costs, chronic diseases, and policy decisions affecting rural health care. This single-case, embedded design study, guided by community-based participatory research principles and using mixed methods, describes outcomes of implementation of a community care team (CCT) and care coordination to improve outcomes of patients living in a frontier community. Seventeen organizations and 165 adults identified as potential care coordination candidates constituted the target populations...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
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