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HIV, Adult Education, Quality

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627814/a-systematic-review-of-interventions-by-healthcare-professionals-to-improve-management-of-non-communicable-diseases-and-communicable-diseases-requiring-long-term-care-in-adults-who-are-homeless
#1
Peter Hanlon, Lynsey Yeoman, Lauren Gibson, Regina Esiovwa, Andrea E Williamson, Frances S Mair, Richard Lowrie
OBJECTIVE: Identify, describe and appraise trials of interventions delivered by healthcare professionals to manage non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and communicable diseases that require long-term care or treatment (LT-CDs), excluding mental health and substance use disorders, in homeless adults. DESIGN: Systematic review of randomised controlled trials (RCTs), non-RCTs and controlled before-after studies. Interventions characterised using Effective Practice and Organisation of Care (EPOC) taxonomy...
April 7, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458264/the-experience-and-management-of-hiv-stigma-among-hiv-negative-adults-in-heterosexual-serodiscordant-relationships-in-new-york-city
#2
Karolynn Siegel, Étienne Meunier, Helen-Maria Lekas
Despite treatment advances that have improved the health and life expectancy of HIV-positive people and contribute to the prevention of HIV transmission, HIV stigma is still frequently experienced by HIV-infected individuals and those close to them. This study investigated the types of HIV-related stigma experienced by HIV-negative adults in serodiscordant heterosexual relationships when their partner's HIV-positive status was revealed to family and friends and their strategies to manage such stigma. In-depth interviews were conducted in New York City with 56 men and 44 women who were HIV negative and had been in a relationship for at least six months with an HIV-positive partner of the opposite sex...
February 19, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323557/neuropsychological-assessment-of-412-hiv-infected-individuals-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#3
Maria Rita Polo Gascón, José Ernesto Vidal, Yolanda Marques Mazzaro, Jerusa Smid, Rosa Maria Nascimento Marcusso, Claudio Garcia Capitão, Elizeu Macedo Coutinho, Glaucia Rosana Guerra Benute, Mara Cristina Souza De Lucia, Augusto César Penalva de Oliveira
HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) remain frequent even among individuals receiving combined antiretroviral therapy (cART). In addition, HAND may adversely affect the quality of life and adherence to cART. There is scarce epidemiological information about HAND in Latin America. This cross-sectional study recruited HIV-infected patients from a tertiary teaching institution in São Paulo, Brazil, between May 2013 and February 2015. The patients were adults with at least 4 years of education and patients with current neurological or psychiatric diseases were excluded...
January 2018: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258342/gender-differences-in-health-related-quality-of-life-at-the-time-of-a-positive-hiv-test-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-resource-poor-high-prevalence-setting-in-nairobi-kenya
#4
Mia L van der Kop, Samuel Muhula, Anik Patel, Lehana Thabane, Patricia Awiti, Lennie Kyomuhangi, Bonface Abunah, Patrick I Nagide, Kirsten Smillie, David I Ojakaa, Joshua Kimani, Anna Mia Ekström, Richard T Lester
Few studies have examined gender differences in sub-Saharan Africa, where HIV disproportionately affects women. Objectives of this cross-sectional study were to determine gender differences in HRQoL at the time of a positive HIV test, and whether factors associated with HRQoL differed between men and women. Adults testing HIV-positive were recruited from two clinics located in informal settlements. HRQoL was measured with the SF-12. Multiple linear regression was used to test whether there were gender differences in physical (PCS) and mental composite summary (MCS) scores...
April 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247095/effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-implementing-hiv-testing-in-primary-care-in-east-london-protocol-for-an-interrupted-time-series-analysis
#5
Werner Leber, Lee Beresford, Claire Nightingale, Estela Capelas Barbosa, Stephen Morris, Farah El-Shogri, Heather McMullen, Kambiz Boomla, Valerie Delpech, Alison Brown, Jane Hutchinson, Vanessa Apea, Merle Symonds, Samantha Gilliham, Sarah Creighton, Maryam Shahmanesh, Naomi Fulop, Claudia Estcourt, Jane Anderson, Jose Figueroa, Chris Griffiths
INTRODUCTION: HIV remains underdiagnosed. Guidelines recommend routine HIV testing in primary care, but evidence on implementing testing is lacking. In a previous study, the Rapid HIV Assessment 2 (RHIVA2) cluster randomised controlled trial, we showed that providing training and rapid point-of-care HIV testing at general practice registration (RHIVA2 intervention) in Hackney led to cost-effective, increased and earlier diagnosis of HIV. However, interventions effective in a trial context may be less so when implemented in routine practice...
December 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095018/nutritional-status-and-quality-of-life-in-hiv-infected-patients
#6
Barbara Fernandes De Carvalho, Sara Policarpo, Ana Catarina Moreira
INTRODUCTION: Nutritional status and the progression of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are interlinked; though some studies have looked at the impact nutritional status has on quality of life (QoL) in patients with chronic diseases, few have studied this in HIV-infected individuals. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between nutritional status and QoL in adults with a recent HIV diagnosis. METHODS: Individuals with an HIV diagnosis performed in the fourteen months prior to a medical visit to one of Lisbon's central hospitals were eligible...
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020850/household-food-security-and-hiv-status-in-rural-and-urban-communities-in-the-free-state-province-south-africa
#7
Michélle Pienaar, Francois C van Rooyen, Corinna M Walsh
Higher socioeconomic status impacts profoundly on quality of life. Life-event stressors, such as loss of employment, marital separation/divorce, death of a spouse and food insecurity, have been found to accelerate disease progression among people with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The objective of this study was to determine significant independent sociodemographic and food security factors associated with HIV status in people from rural and urban communities in the Assuring Health for All study, which was undertaken in rural Trompsburg, Philippolis and Springfontein and urban Mangaung, in the Free State Province of South Africa...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944679/risk-and-protective-factors-for-health-related-quality-of-life-among-persons-aging-with-hiv
#8
Annie L Nguyen, Candice J McNeil, S Duke Han, Scott D Rhodes
For persons living with HIV, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) may be threatened by physical and mental conditions but may be protected by positive psychological traits. We performed an exploratory look at the risk and protective factors for HRQOL in older adults living with HIV. Cross-sectional analyses of baseline data from the Rush Center of Excellence on Disparities in HIV and Aging (CEDHA), a community-based cohort of persons ages ≥50 living with HIV (n = 176) were performed. Analyses examined the relationship between risk/protective factors and two outcomes (i...
April 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851361/health-related-quality-of-life-of-hiv-infected-adults-with-and-without-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-northwest-ethiopia
#9
Mekuriaw Alemayehu, Mamo Wubshet, Nebiyu Mesfin, Aschalew Tamiru, Abebaw Gebayehu
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important outcome measure among HIV infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART). When HIV infected patients coinfected with Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) the problem become severe because VL accelerates HIV replication and disease progression. The impact of VL on the quality of life of HIV infected patients has not been studied. In this study in Ethiopia, we compared the quality of life of HIV infected patients with and without VL...
August 30, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629409/correlation-between-knowledge-on-transmission-and-prevention-of-hiv-sti-and-proficiency-in-condom-use-among-male-migrants-from-africa-and-middle-east-evaluated-by-a-condom-use-skills-score-using-a-wooden-penile-model
#10
Fabio Zoboli, Domenico Martinelli, Mariantonietta Di Stefano, Massimo Fasano, Rosa Prato, Teresa Antonia Santantonio, Jose' Ramòn Fiore
BACKGROUND: Migrants in Italy are prevalently young adults, with a higher risk of sexual transmitted infections (STI) and HIV infection. Promoting consistent as well as correct use of condoms could reduce failure rate due to their improper use. The aim of our study was to evaluate Condom Use Skills among a migrant population recently landed in Italy, hosted in a government center for asylum seekers. METHODS: The study sample was composed of 80 male migrants. Sanitary trained interviewers submitted a questionnaire to participants to investigate age, provenience, marital status, educational level and knowledge about transmission and prevention of HIV/STI...
June 19, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437620/american-association-of-clinical-endocrinologists-and-american-college-of-endocrinology-guidelines-for-management-of-dyslipidemia-and-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#11
Paul S Jellinger, Yehuda Handelsman, Paul D Rosenblit, Zachary T Bloomgarden, Vivian A Fonseca, Alan J Garber, George Grunberger, Chris K Guerin, David S H Bell, Jeffrey I Mechanick, Rachel Pessah-Pollack, Kathleen Wyne, Donald Smith, Eliot A Brinton, Sergio Fazio, Michael Davidson
OBJECTIVE: The development of these guidelines is mandated by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) Board of Directors and American College of Endocrinology (ACE) Board of Trustees and adheres with published AACE protocols for the standardized production of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). METHODS: Recommendations are based on diligent reviews of the clinical evidence with transparent incorporation of subjective factors, according to established AACE/ACE guidelines for guidelines protocols...
April 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387447/withdrawn-interventions-for-fatigue-and-weight-loss-in-adults-with-advanced-progressive-illness
#12
REVIEW
Cathy Payne, Philip J Wiffen, Suzanne Martin
BACKGROUND: Fatigue and unintentional weight loss are two of the commonest symptoms experienced by people with advanced progressive illness. Appropriate interventions may bring considerable improvements in function and quality of life to seriously ill people and their families, reducing physical, psychological and spiritual distress. OBJECTIVES: To conduct an overview of the evidence available on the efficacy of interventions used in the management of fatigue and/or unintentional weight loss in adults with advanced progressive illness by reviewing the evidence contained within Cochrane reviews...
April 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291302/psychosocial-group-interventions-to-improve-psychological-well-being-in-adults-living-with-hiv
#13
REVIEW
Ingrid van der Heijden, Naeemah Abrahams, David Sinclair
BACKGROUND: Being diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and labelled with a chronic, life-threatening, and often stigmatizing disease, can impact on a person's well-being. Psychosocial group interventions aim to improve life-functioning and coping as individuals adjust to the diagnosis. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of psychosocial group interventions for improving the psychological well-being of adults living with HIV/AIDS. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following electronic databases up to 14 March 2016: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) published in the Cochrane Library (Issue 2, 2016), PubMed (MEDLINE) (1996 to 14 March 2016), Embase (1996 to 14 March 2016), and Clinical Trials...
March 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027663/hiv-risk-inside-u-s-prisons-a-systematic-review-of-risk-reduction-interventions-conducted-in-u-s-prisons
#14
REVIEW
Pamela Valera, Yvonne Chang, Zi Lian
HIV prevalence in correctional populations is approximately five times that of the general adult population. This systematic review examines the broad question of HIV prevention and interventions to reduce inmate HIV-related risk behaviors in U.S. federal and state prisons. We conducted a systematic review of multiple databases and Google Scholar to identify behavioral, biomedical, social, and policy studies related to HIV among U.S. prison populations from 1980-2014. Studies were excluded if they did not focus on HIV, prison inmates, if they were conducted outside of the U...
August 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864625/the-impact-of-comorbidities-depression-and-substance-use-problems-on-quality-of-life-among-older-adults-living-with-hiv
#15
Brett M Millar, Tyrel J Starks, Sitaji Gurung, Jeffrey T Parsons
Older adults living with HIV (OALWH) comprise a growing population with a range of complex and interconnecting medical and psychosocial needs. Based on the biopsychosocial model with its emphasis on a holistic approach to various aspects of people's lives, the current study explored associations between physical health, psychological health, substance use, and overall quality of life. Drawing on data from 114 substance-using OALWH (aged 50 or older), we employed linear regression to show associations between the number of current comorbid health conditions on quality of life, over and above depression, substance use problems, and demographic characteristics (age, race/ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, education, and relationship status)...
June 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813140/factors-affecting-patient-presentation-at-a-national-dermatology-referral-clinic-in-kampala-uganda
#16
Eunice S Song, Patrick Musinguzi, Kevin D Dieckhaus
BACKGROUND: This study sought to gain a better understanding of the patient population in Kampala and was further designed to elucidate barriers that may delay individuals from receiving proper dermatologic care. METHODS: The study took place at the dermatovenereology clinic of a tertiary care hospital in Kampala. New adult patients were surveyed in July and August of 2013. The primary dependent variable was time from reported onset of symptoms to presentation to the clinic...
March 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733286/global-regional-and-national-levels-of-maternal-mortality-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#17
COMMENT
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: In transitioning from the Millennium Development Goal to the Sustainable Development Goal era, it is imperative to comprehensively assess progress toward reducing maternal mortality to identify areas of success, remaining challenges, and frame policy discussions. We aimed to quantify maternal mortality throughout the world by underlying cause and age from 1990 to 2015. METHODS: We estimated maternal mortality at the global, regional, and national levels from 1990 to 2015 for ages 10-54 years by systematically compiling and processing all available data sources from 186 of 195 countries and territories, 11 of which were analysed at the subnational level...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733282/global-regional-and-national-incidence-prevalence-and-years-lived-with-disability-for-310-diseases-and-injuries-1990-2015-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#18
COMMENT
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Non-fatal outcomes of disease and injury increasingly detract from the ability of the world's population to live in full health, a trend largely attributable to an epidemiological transition in many countries from causes affecting children, to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) more common in adults. For the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015), we estimated the incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for diseases and injuries at the global, regional, and national scale over the period of 1990 to 2015...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557986/what-messages-are-adolescent-voluntary-medical-male-circumcision-vmmc-clients-getting-and-how-findings-from-an-observational-study-in-tanzania
#19
Dorica Boyee, Erin Peacock, Marya Plotkin, Augustino Hellar, Hally Mahler, Elizabeth Edouard, Renatus Kisendi, Erick Mlanga, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Katherine Andrinopoulos
Uncircumcised adolescent males in sub-Saharan Africa are an important group to reach with voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) services due to high HIV burden occurring among this age group. Appropriateness of the content and delivery of sexual health and HIV prevention messages to adolescent VMMC clients has not been extensively described. A study was conducted in Tanzania to examine quality, delivery and content of messages provided to adolescent (aged 15-19) and adult (aged 20+) VMMC clients (n = 320)...
May 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530583/subjective-memory-complaints-of-hiv-aids-patients-in-iran-relationships-with-mood-social-support-medical-symptoms-and-substance-abuse
#20
Malihe Sheibani, Hassan Joulaei, Noorollah Mohammadi
INTRODUCTION: Several studies suggested that subjective memory complaints in HIV-infected patients are influenced by factors the same as mood, social support and medical symptoms. The aim of this research was to investigate the relationship between depression, anxiety, social support and substance abuse with memory complaints in HIV/AIDS patients. METHOD: To accomplish this goal, in a correlation study, 220 Iranian adults (146 males and 74 females) selected from the Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) Center in Shiraz in 2012, completed these measures: Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21), The Patient's Assessment of Own Functioning Inventory (PAOFI), Quality of Relationship Inventory (QRI) and Rey Auditory-Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT)...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
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