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HIV, Adult Education, Quality

Fabio Zoboli, Domenico Martinelli, Mariantonietta Di Stefano, Massimo Fasano, Rosa Prato, Teresa Antonia Santantonio, Jose' Ramòn Fiore
BACKGROUND: Migrants in Italy are prevalently young adults, with a higher risk of sexual transmitted infections (STI) and HIV infection. Promoting consistent as well as correct use of condoms could reduce failure rate due to their improper use. The aim of our study was to evaluate Condom Use Skills among a migrant population recently landed in Italy, hosted in a government center for asylum seekers. METHODS: The study sample was composed of 80 male migrants. Sanitary trained interviewers submitted a questionnaire to participants to investigate age, provenience, marital status, educational level and knowledge about transmission and prevention of HIV/STI...
June 19, 2017: BMC Research Notes
Paul S Jellinger, Yehuda Handelsman, Paul D Rosenblit, Zachary T Bloomgarden, Vivian A Fonseca, Alan J Garber, George Grunberger, Chris K Guerin, David S H Bell, Jeffrey I Mechanick, Rachel Pessah-Pollack, Kathleen Wyne, Donald Smith, Eliot A Brinton, Sergio Fazio, Michael Davidson
OBJECTIVE: The development of these guidelines is mandated by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) Board of Directors and American College of Endocrinology (ACE) Board of Trustees and adheres with published AACE protocols for the standardized production of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). METHODS: Recommendations are based on diligent reviews of the clinical evidence with transparent incorporation of subjective factors, according to established AACE/ACE guidelines for guidelines protocols...
April 2017: Endocrine Practice
Cathy Payne, Philip J Wiffen, Suzanne Martin
BACKGROUND: Fatigue and unintentional weight loss are two of the commonest symptoms experienced by people with advanced progressive illness. Appropriate interventions may bring considerable improvements in function and quality of life to seriously ill people and their families, reducing physical, psychological and spiritual distress. OBJECTIVES: To conduct an overview of the evidence available on the efficacy of interventions used in the management of fatigue and/or unintentional weight loss in adults with advanced progressive illness by reviewing the evidence contained within Cochrane reviews...
April 7, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Ingrid van der Heijden, Naeemah Abrahams, David Sinclair
BACKGROUND: Being diagnosed with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and labelled with a chronic, life-threatening, and often stigmatizing disease, can impact on a person's well-being. Psychosocial group interventions aim to improve life-functioning and coping as individuals adjust to the diagnosis. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of psychosocial group interventions for improving the psychological well-being of adults living with HIV/AIDS. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following electronic databases up to 14 March 2016: the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) published in the Cochrane Library (Issue 2, 2016), PubMed (MEDLINE) (1996 to 14 March 2016), Embase (1996 to 14 March 2016), and Clinical Trials...
March 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Pamela Valera, Yvonne Chang, Zi Lian
HIV prevalence in correctional populations is approximately five times that of the general adult population. This systematic review examines the broad question of HIV prevention and interventions to reduce inmate HIV-related risk behaviors in U.S. federal and state prisons. We conducted a systematic review of multiple databases and Google Scholar to identify behavioral, biomedical, social, and policy studies related to HIV among U.S. prison populations from 1980-2014. Studies were excluded if they did not focus on HIV, prison inmates, if they were conducted outside of the U...
December 27, 2016: AIDS Care
Brett M Millar, Tyrel J Starks, Sitaji Gurung, Jeffrey T Parsons
Older adults living with HIV (OALWH) comprise a growing population with a range of complex and interconnecting medical and psychosocial needs. Based on the biopsychosocial model with its emphasis on a holistic approach to various aspects of people's lives, the current study explored associations between physical health, psychological health, substance use, and overall quality of life. Drawing on data from 114 substance-using OALWH (aged 50 or older), we employed linear regression to show associations between the number of current comorbid health conditions on quality of life, over and above depression, substance use problems, and demographic characteristics (age, race/ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, education, and relationship status)...
June 2017: AIDS and Behavior
Eunice S Song, Patrick Musinguzi, Kevin D Dieckhaus
BACKGROUND: This study sought to gain a better understanding of the patient population in Kampala and was further designed to elucidate barriers that may delay individuals from receiving proper dermatologic care. METHODS: The study took place at the dermatovenereology clinic of a tertiary care hospital in Kampala. New adult patients were surveyed in July and August of 2013. The primary dependent variable was time from reported onset of symptoms to presentation to the clinic...
March 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: In transitioning from the Millennium Development Goal to the Sustainable Development Goal era, it is imperative to comprehensively assess progress toward reducing maternal mortality to identify areas of success, remaining challenges, and frame policy discussions. We aimed to quantify maternal mortality throughout the world by underlying cause and age from 1990 to 2015. METHODS: We estimated maternal mortality at the global, regional, and national levels from 1990 to 2015 for ages 10-54 years by systematically compiling and processing all available data sources from 186 of 195 countries and territories, 11 of which were analysed at the subnational level...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Non-fatal outcomes of disease and injury increasingly detract from the ability of the world's population to live in full health, a trend largely attributable to an epidemiological transition in many countries from causes affecting children, to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) more common in adults. For the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015), we estimated the incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for diseases and injuries at the global, regional, and national scale over the period of 1990 to 2015...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
Dorica Boyee, Erin Peacock, Marya Plotkin, Augustino Hellar, Hally Mahler, Elizabeth Edouard, Renatus Kisendi, Erick Mlanga, Emmanuel Njeuhmeli, Katherine Andrinopoulos
Uncircumcised adolescent males in sub-Saharan Africa are an important group to reach with voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) services due to high HIV burden occurring among this age group. Appropriateness of the content and delivery of sexual health and HIV prevention messages to adolescent VMMC clients has not been extensively described. A study was conducted in Tanzania to examine quality, delivery and content of messages provided to adolescent (aged 15-19) and adult (aged 20+) VMMC clients (n = 320)...
May 2017: AIDS and Behavior
Malihe Sheibani, Hassan Joulaei, Noorollah Mohammadi
INTRODUCTION: Several studies suggested that subjective memory complaints in HIV-infected patients are influenced by factors the same as mood, social support and medical symptoms. The aim of this research was to investigate the relationship between depression, anxiety, social support and substance abuse with memory complaints in HIV/AIDS patients. METHOD: To accomplish this goal, in a correlation study, 220 Iranian adults (146 males and 74 females) selected from the Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) Center in Shiraz in 2012, completed these measures: Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS-21), The Patient's Assessment of Own Functioning Inventory (PAOFI), Quality of Relationship Inventory (QRI) and Rey Auditory-Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT)...
2016: Global Journal of Health Science
Ekaterine Karkashadze, Margaret A Gates, Nikoloz Chkhartishvili, Jack DeHovitz, Tengiz Tsertsvadze
The purpose of our study was to assess quality of life (QoL) among Georgian HIV-infected individuals and to examine factors associated with QoL. Our cross-sectional study sample consisted of 201 HIV-infected adult outpatients recruited at the National AIDS Center in Tbilisi, Georgia. WHOQOL-HIV-BREF was used to measure QoL. Data about other variables of interest were obtained from medical records. Modified Poisson regression with robust variance estimates was performed to create a predictive model of factors that influenced QoL...
June 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
Jasmine R Marcelin, Eugene M Tan, Alberto Marcelin, Marianne Scheitel, Praveen Ramu, Ronald Hankey, Pritesh Keniya, Majken Wingo, Stacey A Rizza, Frederick North, Rajeev Chaudhry
BACKGROUND: Universal human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) screening remains low in many clinical practices despite published guidelines recommending screening for all patients between ages 13-65. Electronic clinical decision support tools have improved screening rates for many chronic diseases. We designed a quality improvement project to improve the rate of universal HIV screening of adult patients in a Midwest primary care practice using a clinical decision support tool. METHODS: We conducted this quality improvement project in Rochester, Minnesota from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2014...
2016: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
Youngran Yang, Sopheak Thai, Jongsan Choi
The aim of this study was to evaluate quality of life (QOL) and analyze its determinants among Cambodian adults living with HIV/AIDS who are on antiretroviral therapy (ART). A cross-sectional study was conducted using convenience sampling to select 150 adults 18 years of age or older from the patient population at the HIV/AIDS care hospital in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. QOL was assessed using the World Health Organization Quality of Life HIV BREF; socio-demographic characteristics, time elapsed since HIV diagnosis, months on ART, CD4 cell count, family and community support, depression, and anxiety were included in the survey...
December 2016: AIDS Care
Darren Brown, Austin Claffey, Richard Harding
HIV is characterised by episodes of disability. We report a novel, hospital outpatient rehabilitation intervention, combining physiotherapy-led group exercise and education for people living with HIV (PLWH). This observational study evaluated routine delivery of the 10-week intervention in terms of referral patterns, rehabilitation goals, intervention adherence and change in patient outcomes. Measurements at baseline & 10 weeks included locomotor performance (6 minute walk test; 6MWT), flexibility, upper and lower limb strength and health related quality of life (HRQOL)...
December 2016: AIDS Care
Jorge R García-Corzo, Yolanda Tarazona-Álvarez, Johana P Rojas-Gómez, Eloísa Del P Bayona-Millán, Luis A Díaz-Martínez
INTRODUCTION: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection was the second most common cause of death, after injuries of external causes, among young adults from Bucaramanga in 2013. OBJETIVE: To establish the extent of knowledge on HIV mechanisms of transmission prevention strategies among schoolchildren in the age range of 13 to 20 years old from poor districts of Bucaramanga. METHODOLOGY: Cross-sectional study among randomly selected schoolchildren using a self-administered anonymous survey...
June 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Brandon C Yarns, Janet M Abrams, Thomas W Meeks, Daniel D Sewell
There are approximately one million older lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) adults in the USA. Their mental health issues result from interactions between genetic factors and stress associated with membership in a sexual minority group. Although advancements in acceptance and equal treatment of LGBT individuals have been occurring, sexual minority status remains associated with risks to physical and mental well-being. Older LGBT adults are more likely to have experienced mistreatment and discrimination due to living a majority of their lives prior to recent advancements in acceptance and equal treatment...
June 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
Xiaoshi Yang, Lina Zhao, Lie Wang, Chun Hao, Yuan Gu, Wei Song, Qun Zhao, Xiaoli Wang
INTRODUCTION: Transgender women are exposed to stressful situations such as gender transition and transition-related discrimination because of their limited acceptance by the general population and inadequate government-supplied resources, which can compromise their quality of life (QOL). However, there is a paucity of research on the QOL of transgender women from China. AIMS: To assess the QOL of transgender women from China and explore its associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed by convenience sampling in Shenyang, China from January 2014 to July 2014...
June 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Samantha Stonbraker, Elaine Larson
An assessment of information needs is essential for care planning for patients living with chronic diseases such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The extent to which these assessments have been conducted in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) is unknown. The purpose of this study was, therefore, to identify, evaluate, and summarize what research has been conducted to examine patient perceptions of their health-information needs among adults living with HIV in LAC. Using an integrative review methodology, a literature search of six databases was conducted in April and May 2015...
October 2016: AIDS Care
Malcolm D John, Meredith Greene, Nancy A Hessol, Roland Zepf, Amanda Hutton Parrott, Cameron Foreman, James Bourgeois, Monica Gandhi, C Bradley Hare
OBJECTIVES: To perform geriatric assessments in older HIV-infected adults in San Francisco and examine the association with age and the Veterans Aging Cohort Study (VACS) index scores. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from 2012 to 2014 among HIV-infected patients ≥50 years at 2 San Francisco-based HIV clinics. We evaluated 4 health domains: (1) physical health and function (activities of daily living), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), falls, gait speed, (2) social support (physical and perceived support, loneliness), (3) mental health (depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder) and cognition, and (4) behavioral and general health (antiretroviral adherence and quality of life)...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
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