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scapular rehabilitation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695316/pain-catastrophizing-behaviors-and-their-relation-to-poor-patient-reported-outcomes-after-scapular-muscle-reattachment
#1
W Ben Kibler, Cale A Jacobs, Aaron D Sciascia
HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesized that the patient-reported status following treatment of traumatic scapular muscle detachment would improve from the preoperative status and that higher pain catastrophizing scores would be more common in patients with poor postsurgical outcomes. METHODS: We studied 50 patients who met the diagnostic criteria for scapular muscle detachment and in whom rehabilitation failed. American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) scores were collected preoperatively and postoperatively...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679207/the-swimmer-s-shoulder-multi-directional-instability
#2
REVIEW
Ivan De Martino, Scott A Rodeo
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Swimmer's shoulder is the term used to describe the problem of shoulder pain in swimmers. Originally described as supraspinatus tendon impingement under the coracoacromial arch, it is now understood that several different pathologies can cause shoulder pain in competitive swimmers, including subacromial impingement syndrome, overuse and subsequent muscle fatigue, scapular dyskinesis, and laxity and instability. RECENT FINDINGS: Swimmers may develop increased shoulder laxity over time due to repetitive use...
April 20, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623751/scapular-muscle-activity-during-static-yoga-postures
#3
Jaclyn N Chopp-Hurley, Courtney Prophet, Brynn Thistle, Jessica Pollice, Monica R Maly
Study Design Controlled laboratory study; cross-sectional. Background Despite the growing popularity of yoga, little is known about the muscle activity of the scapular stabilizers during isometric yoga postures and their potential utility in shoulder rehabilitation. Objectives To examine scapular stabilizer muscle activation during various yoga postures. Methods Twenty women with yoga experience and no shoulder pain or injury participated. Electromyography was used to record upper, middle and lower trapezius as well as serratus ante-rior muscle activity during 15 yoga postures...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569944/shoulder-taping-and-neuromuscular-control
#4
Suzanne J Snodgrass, Scott F Farrell, Henry Tsao, Peter G Osmotherly, Darren A Rivett, Lucy S Chipchase, Siobhan M Schabrun
CONTEXT:   Scapular taping can offer clinical benefit to some patients with shoulder pain; however, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Understanding these mechanisms may guide the development of treatment strategies for managing neuromusculoskeletal shoulder conditions. OBJECTIVE:   To examine the mechanisms underpinning the benefits of scapular taping. DESIGN:   Descriptive laboratory study. SETTING:   University laboratory...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566570/three-dimensional-assessment-of-the-asymptomatic-and-post-stroke-shoulder-intra-rater-test-retest-reliability-and-within-subject-repeatability-of-the-palpation-and-digitization-approach
#5
Liza A M Pain, Ross Baker, Qazi Zain Sohail, Denyse Richardson, Karl Zabjek, Jeremy P M Mogk, Anne M R Agur
PURPOSE: Altered three-dimensional (3D) joint kinematics can contribute to shoulder pathology, including post-stroke shoulder pain. Reliable assessment methods enable comparative studies between asymptomatic shoulders of healthy subjects and painful shoulders of post-stroke subjects, and could inform treatment planning for post-stroke shoulder pain. The study purpose was to establish intra-rater test-retest reliability and within-subject repeatability of a palpation/digitization protocol, which assesses 3D clavicular/scapular/humeral rotations, in asymptomatic and painful post-stroke shoulders...
March 23, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535573/the-effects-of-double-oscillation-exercise-combined-with-elastic-band-exercise-on-scapular-stabilizing-muscle-strength-and-thickness-in-healthy-young-individuals-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#6
Jieun Cho, Kyeongbong Lee, Minkyu Kim, Joohee Hahn, Wanhee Lee
This study aimed to investigate the effect of double oscillation exercise combined with elastic band exercise on the strength and thickness ratio of the scapular stabilizing muscles in healthy young individuals. A total of 30 subjects (17 male, 13 female) were randomly assigned to an elastic band exercise group (EBG) (n = 15) or an elastic band plus double oscillation exercise group (EB-DOG) (n = 15). A total of 28 subjects completed the experiment and evaluation. Patients in the EBG performed the elastic band exercise for shoulder flexion, extension, abduction, adduction, horizontal abduction/adduction, and internal/external rotation for 30 minutes/session, five times/week, for four weeks...
March 2018: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499481/shoulder-mechanical-demands-of-slow-underwater-exercises-in-the-scapular-plane
#7
Jessy Lauer, João Paulo Vilas-Boas, Annie Hélène Rouard
BACKGROUND: The mechanical demands of underwater shoulder exercises have only been assessed indirectly via electromyographical measurements. Yet, this is insufficient to understand all the clinical implications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate musculoskeletal system loading during slow (30°/s) scapular plane arm elevation and lowering performed in two media (air vs water) and body positions (sitting vs supine). METHODS: Eighteen participants' upper bodies were scanned and virtually animated within unsteady numerical fluid flow simulations to compute hydrodynamic forces...
March 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450826/return-to-throwing-after-shoulder-or-elbow-injury
#8
REVIEW
Terrance A Sgroi, John M Zajac
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Throwing places high demands on the human body, and specific characteristics are developed over time unique to these athletes. When returning to throw after injury, it is important to follow a criterion-based progression that allows the body to be prepared appropriately for the stresses that throwing will require. There is currently a void in the literature for criteria-based progression that helps these athletes return to the highest level of play. RECENT FINDINGS: As injury rates continue to rise in baseball, there is increased evidence showing contributions of the core and lower extremity to the baseball pitch...
March 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447092/evolution-of-muscular-fatigue-in-periscapular-and-rotator-cuff-muscles-during-isokinetic-shoulder-rotations
#9
Sylvain Gaudet, Jonathan Tremblay, Fabien Dal Maso
To this day, how shoulder muscles react to a strong fatigue stimulus during dynamic shoulder rotations remains unknown. The aims of this study were to assess the effect of repeated maximal internal-external isokinetic shoulder rotations on shoulder strength and muscle activity. Twenty-four individuals completed a 50-repetition fatiguing isokinetic protocol while electromyography was recorded on eleven muscles of the shoulder girdle. Time-frequency transformation and an ANOVA model using statistical parametric mapping methods were used to analyze shifts in instantaneous median frequency (MDF) between each 10-repetition Blocks...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407859/an-index-to-quantify-deviations-from-normal-trunk-mobility-clinical-correlation-and-initial-test-of-validity
#10
Yannick Delpierre, Michel Ritz, Cyril Garnier
BACKGROUND: In case of people suffering from chronic low back pain, specific movements of the hip, pelvis, and trunk are associated with pain. Comparing range of motion measurements for multiple planes and from different segments and lines in reference to those of healthy individuals seems interesting but present interpretations challenge in relation to important number of variables and correlation with clinical data. METHODS: The proposed index is based on using principal component analysis to quantify differences in trunk mobility between patients with chronic low back pain and a control group...
February 2018: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399735/rotator-cuff-repair-post-operative-rehabilitation-concepts
#11
REVIEW
Terrance A Sgroi, Michelle Cilenti
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With improvements in surgical techniques and increased knowledge of rotator cuff healing, there was a need to identify a safe progression after rotator cuff repair. The rehabilitation specialist plays an integral role in the care of these patients, and by implementing an evidence and criteria-based model, patients may be able to return to their prior levels of function sooner with fewer complications. RECENT FINDINGS: Timing of progression for rotator cuff patients should align not only with healing but also potential strain on the involved tissue...
March 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354931/-shoulder-joint-pain-of-rotator-cuff-injury-treated-with-electroacupuncture-and-mulligan-s-mobilization-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Yanwu Wang, Chongmin Wang, Huade Chen, Xinmiao Ye
OBJECTIVE: To verify the clinical therapeutic effects on shoulder joint pain of rotator cuff injury treated with electroacupuncture (EA) and Mulligan's mobilization. METHODS: A total of 120 patients of shoulder joint pain of rotator cuff injury were randomized into an EA group, a rehabilitation group and a combined therapy group, 40 cases in each one. In the EA group, EA was applied to Jianzhen (SI 9), Jianliao (TE 14), Jianyu (LI 15), Tianzong (SI 11), Jianqian (extra) and Binao (LI 14) in the affected side...
January 12, 2018: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237578/the-effectiveness-of-exercise-therapy-on-scapular-position-and-motion-in-individuals-with-scapular-dyskinesis-systematic-review-protocol
#13
Afsun Nodehi Moghadam, Kianoush Abdi, Mohsen Shati, Shohreh Noorizadeh Dehkordi, Abbas Ali Keshtkar, Zahra Mosallanezhad
BACKGROUND: Scapular dyskinesis is an alteration in normal scapular position and motion. Some researchers believe that altered kinematics of the scapula subsequent to dysfunction or weakness of scapular stabilizing muscles contributes to impingement syndrome. Scapular muscle exercises are included in the rehabilitation of patients with subacromial impingement syndrome and scapular dyskinesis because the muscular system is one of the major contributors of scapular positioning both at rest and during shoulder movement, but there is considerable uncertainty relating to the relative effectiveness of such approaches on changing scapular position and motion...
December 13, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234563/postural-alterations-in-patients-with-subacromial-impingement-syndrome
#14
Omid Alizadehkhaiyat, Margaret M Roebuck, Ahmed T Makki, Simon P Frostick
Background: An aberrant upper body posture has been proposed as one of the etiological factors contributing to the development of subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS). Clinicians have translated this supposition into assessment and rehabilitation programs despite insufficient and conflicting evidence to support this approach. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare several postural variables between the SAIS patients and asymptomatic healthy controls...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196161/effects-of-trapezius-kinesio-taping-on-scapular-kinematics-and-associated-muscular-activation-in-subjects-with-scapular-dyskinesis
#15
Tsun-Shun Huang, Hsiang-Ling Ou, Jiu-Jenq Lin
STUDY DESIGN: Crossover repeated-measure design. INTRODUCTION: Scapular dyskinesis rehabilitation programs that focus on inhibiting upper trapezius (UT) and activating the lower trapezius (LT) may assist in restoring scapular movements. We hypothesized that taping may be able to normalize scapular movements and associated muscular recruitment. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: The purpose of this study was to investigate the immediate effects of kinesio taping over trapezius on scapular kinematics and muscular activation in different dyskinesis patterns...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141513/alternative-scapular-stabilization-exercises-to-target-strength-endurance-and-function-of-shoulders-in-tetraplegia-a-prospective-non-controlled-intervention-study
#16
Carolina Lins, Alex Castro, Giovanna I S Medina, Eliza R F B M Azevedo, Bruno S Donato, Marina S S Chagas, Janaína Roland Tancredo, Letícia Vargas de Almeida, Alberto Cliquet
OBJECTIVE: Scapular stabilization exercises (SSE) are well-established for the able-bodies. The aim of the current study is to access the potential benefits of SSE on isometric internal and external rotator strength, endurance and function of the shoulder in persons with tetraplegia, throughout a 12-week exercise program consisting of five resisted movements with elastic bands. DESIGN: Prospective non-controlled intervention study. Setting/Participants/Interventions: A convenience sample of 17 subjects (age, 40...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103836/assessing-the-viscoelastic-properties-of-upper-trapezius-muscle-intra-and-inter-tester-reliability-and-the-effect-of-shoulder-elevation
#17
C L Liu, Y N Feng, H Q Zhang, Y P Li, Y Zhu, Z J Zhang
BACKGROUND: Increasing stiffness in the upper trapezius muscle may contribute to imbalance of scapular motion, and result in shoulder and neck discomfort during shoulder flexion. Therefore, it is essential to quantify upper trapezius stiffness in various shoulder positions in order to aid in the prevention of these disorders and to optimize rehabilitation. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the present study were to examine the intra and inter-tester reliability of MyotonPRO device in measuring upper trapezius stiffness and its ability to determine changes in stiffness during shoulder flexion...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067535/prebending-of-osteosynthesis-plate-using-3d-printed-models-to-treat-symptomatic-os-acromiale-and-acromial-fracture
#18
Hanne Beliën, Hanne Biesmans, Anny Steenwerckx, Eric Bijnens, Carl Dierickx
BACKGROUND: A symptomatic os acromiale can lead to impingement syndrome and rotator cuff tendinopathy. An acromion fracture is often part of a more complex scapular trauma that needs stabilisation. METHODS: We developed a new technique using a three-dimensional (3D) model and a distal clavicle reconstruction plate to treat os acromiale and acromion fractures. Our hypothesis was that such an approach would be a useful addition to the existing techniques. First, a 3D model of the acromion was printed, then an osteosynthesis plate was pre-bent to fit the exact shape and curve of the acromion...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Experimental Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051729/negative-influence-of-motor-impairments-on-upper-limb-movement-patterns-in-children-with-unilateral-cerebral-palsy-a-statistical-parametric-mapping-study
#19
Cristina Simon-Martinez, Ellen Jaspers, Lisa Mailleux, Kaat Desloovere, Jos Vanrenterghem, Els Ortibus, Guy Molenaers, Hilde Feys, Katrijn Klingels
Upper limb three-dimensional movement analysis (UL-3DMA) offers a reliable and valid tool to evaluate movement patterns in children with unilateral cerebral palsy (uCP). However, it remains unknown to what extent the underlying motor impairments explain deviant movement patterns. Such understanding is key to develop efficient rehabilitation programs. Although UL-3DMA has been shown to be a useful tool to assess movement patterns, it results in a multitude of data, challenging the clinical interpretation and consequently its implementation...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048942/comparison-of-2-exercise-rehabilitation-programs-for-multidirectional-instability-of-the-glenohumeral-joint-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Sarah A Warby, Jon J Ford, Andrew J Hahne, Lyn Watson, Simon Balster, Ross Lenssen, Tania Pizzari
BACKGROUND: The recommended initial treatment for multidirectional instability (MDI) of the shoulder is a rehabilitation program, yet there is very low-quality evidence to support this approach. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose was to compare the Watson MDI program and Rockwood Instability program among patients with nontraumatic, nonstructural MDI. The hypothesis was that the Watson MDI program would produce clinically and statistically superior outcomes over the Rockwood Instability program...
January 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
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