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shoulder radiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339286/advantages-of-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repair-with-a-transosseous-suture-technique-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Pietro Randelli, Carlo Alberto Stoppani, Carlo Zaolino, Alessandra Menon, Filippo Randelli, Paolo Cabitza
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff tear is a common finding in patients with painful, poorly functioning shoulders. The surgical management of this disorder has improved greatly and can now be fully arthroscopic. PURPOSE: To evaluate clinical and radiological results of arthroscopic rotator cuff repair using 2 different techniques: single-row anchor fixation versus transosseous hardware-free suture repair. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 1...
March 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334058/benchmarking-outcomes-in-implant-prosthodontics-partial-fixed-dental-prostheses-and-crowns-supported-by-implants-with-a-turned-surface-over-10-to-28-years-at-the-university-of-toronto
#2
Asbjørn Jokstad, Anne M Gussgard, Joseph Fava, Mark Lin, Babak Shokati, Eszter Somogyi-Ganss, Brenton Winnett, Mohammed Zahran
PURPOSE: The aim of this noninterventional, retrospective study was to benchmark the outcomes of patients with partial fixed prostheses supported by implants treated at the University of Toronto at least 10 years earlier. A study protocol for assessing outcomes on like patients developed at the University of Bern, Switzerland, was followed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients who had received at least one implant before 2002 were considered eligible to be included in the study (n = 298)...
March 23, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331767/radiation-fibrosis-syndrome-imitating-breast-cancer-recurrence-a-case-report
#3
Dauren Sarsenov, Fatma Aktepe, Vahit Özmen
Nowadays, surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy are the most frequently used modalities in the treatment of breast cancer. It is very well-known that some severe complications may result from after these treatments. Early and late complications of radiotherapy are well known. The complications of radiation therapy may be seen in (early) or after three months (late-delayed) of periods. These complications may be related with direct or indirect effect of radiation. The radiation fibrosis syndrome is a progressive fibrotic tissue sclerosis together with various clinical symptoms in the irradiation field...
January 2017: J Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331139/arthroscopic-removal-and-tendon-repair-for-refractory-rotator-cuff-calcific-tendinitis-of-the-shoulder
#4
Hiroshi Hashiguchi, Satoshi Iwashita, Atsushi Okubo, Shinro Takai
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate clinical and radiological outcomes of arthroscopic treatment for refractory rotator cuff calcific tendinitis of the shoulder. METHODS: Subjects were 37 patients (35 women and 2 men; mean age, 47.8 years; age range 34-61 years) who had undergone arthroscopic treatment for calcific tendinitis of the shoulder. Despite sufficient nonsurgical treatments, all patients had residual calcific deposit with persistent or recurrent pain...
2017: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326443/radiological-clinical-and-functional-evaluation-using-the-quick-disabilities-of-the-arm-shoulder-and-hand-questionnaire-of-children-with-medial-epicondyle-fractures-treated-surgically
#5
Federico Canavese, Lorenza Marengo, Alexandru Tiris, Mounira Mansour, Marie Rousset, Antoine Samba, Antonio Andreacchio, Alain Dimeglio
PURPOSE: The main goal of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the clinical, functional and radiographic outcomes of displaced medial epicondyle fractures with or without associated elbow dislocation in children undergoing surgical treatment and to evaluate upper-extremity function with the Quick Disbilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (Quick DASH) questionnaire. The hypothesis was that patients with associated elbow dislocation would have similar functional outcome to patients with displaced fractures with or without intra-articular entrapment of the medial epicondyle...
March 22, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321570/comparative-analysis-of-locking-plate-versus-hook-plate-osteosynthesis-of-neer-type-iib-lateral-clavicle-fractures
#6
Benjamin Erdle, Kaywan Izadpanah, Martin Jaeger, Patrizia Jensen, Lukas Konstantinidis, Jörn Zwingmann, Norbert P Südkamp, Dirk Maier
INTRODUCTION: Controversy exists on optimal operative treatment of vertically unstable Neer IIB lateral clavicle fractures. Aim of this study was to analyse and compare clinical and radiological results and complications of locking plate osteosynthesis (LPO) versus hook plate osteosynthesis (HPO) with acromioclavicular joint (ACJ) stabilization. The hypothesis was, that HPO would recreate coracoclavicular stability more effectively and potentially lead to a superior outcome. METHODS: This retrospective, observational cohort study included 32 patients (19 HPO, 13 LPO) with a mean age of 44...
March 20, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315143/unclassified-mr-arthrography-pattern-evaluation-in-patients-with-episodes-of-recurrent-antero-inferior-shoulder-dislocation
#7
Luca Saba, Massimo De Filippo
PURPOSE: To evaluate prospectively the incidence of unclassifiable MR arthrography patterns of glenoid anterior-inferior labrum lesions, in patients with at least two episodes of recurrent antero-inferior shoulder dislocation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MR shoulder Arthrography images of 36 patients, with at least two episodes of recurrent antero-inferior dislocation, were prospectively evaluated, during a period between November 2015 and Mai 2016. All patients were contacted after 6 months of the MR arthrography to evaluate their course of treatment...
March 17, 2017: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299434/pathologies-of-the-shoulder-and-elbow-affecting-the-overhead-throwing-athlete
#8
REVIEW
Sean Wo, Hyojeong Mulcahy, Michael L Richardson, Felix S Chew, Albert Gee, Jason Hsu, Jack Porrino
The overhead-throwing athlete is susceptible to a variety of predictable disease entities affecting the shoulder and elbow. While the pathophysiology and nomenclature of these diseases are ubiquitous throughout the clinical literature, this information is sparse within the radiology domain. We provide a comprehensive review of these unique injuries with accompanying imaging features in an effort to enhance the role of the radiologist during the management of the overhead thrower. When appropriately recognized and described, the imaging features aid in establishing a diagnosis and ultimately the implementation of appropriate clinical management...
March 16, 2017: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298051/a-systematic-review-and-appraisal-of-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-musculoskeletal-soft-tissue-injuries-and-conditions
#9
Daniel Pincus, John E Kuhn, Ujash Sheth, Katie Rizzone, Kristi Colbenson, Tim Dwyer, Ashley Karpinos, Paul H Marks, David Wasserstein
BACKGROUND: Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are published by several sports medicine institutions. A systematic evaluation can help identify the highest quality CPGs for clinical use and identify any deficiencies that remain. PURPOSE: To identify and appraise CPGs relevant to clinical sports medicine professionals. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. METHODS: Predetermined selection criteria were utilized by 2 reviewers who independently identified published CPGs before January 1, 2014...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289942/structured-reporting-of-mri-of-the-shoulder-improvement-of-report-quality
#10
Sebastian Gassenmaier, Marco Armbruster, Florian Haasters, Tobias Helfen, Thomas Henzler, Sedat Alibek, Dominik Pförringer, Wieland H Sommer, Nora N Sommer
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of structured reports (SRs) in comparison to non-structured narrative free text (NRs) shoulder MRI reports and potential effects of both types of reporting on completeness, readability, linguistic quality and referring surgeons' satisfaction. METHODS: Thirty patients after trauma or with suspected degenerative changes of the shoulder were included in this study (2012-2015). All patients underwent shoulder MRI for further assessment and possible surgical planning...
March 13, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269106/using-surface-electromyography-to-detect-changes-in-innervation-zones-pattern-after-human-cervical-spinal-cord-injury
#11
Babak Afsharipour, Milap S Sandhu, Ghulam Rasool, Nina L Suresh, William Z Rymer
Human spinal cord injuries (SCI) disrupt the pathways between brain and spinal cord, resulting in substantial impairment and loss of function. Currently, we do not have the ability to precisely quantify the "functional" level of motor injury. The aim of this study is to determine if high-density surface electromyography imaging (SEI) can be used to characterize the location and extent of the spinal lesion. SEI is a safe and non-invasive technique, which uses several electrodes to provide a map of muscle activity...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261432/comparison-of-clinical-and-radiological-results-according-to-glenosphere-position-in-reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-a-short-term-follow-up-study
#12
Chang Hyuk Choi, Sung Guk Kim, Jae Jun Lee, Byung Hoon Kwack
BACKGROUND: In a previous biomechanical study, eccentric glenospheres with more inferior position of the center of rotation were shown to improve range of motion and reduce the incidence of scapular notching after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RSA). The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and radiological results of RSA using an eccentric glenosphere to those using a concentric glenosphere and to determine the usefulness of the eccentric glenosphere. METHODS: From 2009 to 2015, we performed a retrospective review of 20 consecutive patients who underwent RSA using a deltopectoral approach...
March 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259825/soft-tissue-neoplasms-causing-apparent-venous-thoracic-outlet-syndrome
#13
Aleem K Mirza, Ian J Barrett, Animesh Rathore, Bassem T Elhassan, Peter S Rose, Thomas Shives, Thomas C Bower
Venous thoracic outlet syndrome (vTOS) usually results from compression of the subclavian vein classically as a result of narrowing of the costoclavicular space. We report two rare cases of soft tissue neoplasms resulting in apparent vTOS. The first case is a 46-year old female with a two-year history intermittent unilateral shoulder pain, who was initially diagnosed with intervertebral disk herniation. Cervical fusion was performed, however her symptoms progressed and she additionally developed paresthesias and venous congestion...
March 1, 2017: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259281/diagnosis-and-arthroscopic-management-of-dorsal-wrist-capsular-impingement
#14
Andrew P Matson, Travis J Dekker, Alexander J Lampley, Marc J Richard, Fraser J Leversedge, David S Ruch
PURPOSE: Dorsal wrist capsular impingement (DWCI) is characterized by pain attributable to impingement of dorsal capsular tissue during wrist extension. The diagnostic criteria and management algorithm for this condition have not been well established. The aims of our study were (1) to retrospectively review the clinical presentation and arthroscopic findings of patients treated surgically for DWCI and (2) to evaluate the outcomes of arthroscopic debridement for this condition. METHODS: A total of 19 patients were treated with arthroscopic debridement for isolated DWCI from 2006 to 2015 by two surgeons (M...
March 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255335/the-clinical-characteristics-of-sarcoid-arthropathy-based-on-a-prospective-cohort-study
#15
Senol Kobak, Fidan Sever, Ozan Usluer, Tuncay Goksel, Mehmet Orman
BACKGROUND: Sarcoidosis is known as a Th1-mediated disease, which can mimic many primary rheumatologic diseases or sometimes co-exist with them. Clinical characteristics of sarcoid arthropathy are not well described and the studies reported in the literature so far are mostly based on data from referrals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and clinical characteristics of sarcoid arthropathy. METHODS: All our patients were prospectively evaluated in our rheumatology outpatient center from 2011 to 2015...
December 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Musculoskeletal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249979/do-radiological-and-functional-outcomes-correlate-for-fractures-of-the-distal-radius
#16
C E Plant, N R Parsons, M L Costa
AIMS: We conducted a study to determine whether radiological parameters correlate with patient reported functional outcome, health-related quality of life and physical measures of function in patients with a fracture of the distal radius. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The post-operative palmar tilt and ulnar variance at six weeks and 12 months were correlated with the Patient Rated Wrist Evaluation, Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand, and EuroQol scores, grip strength, pinch strength and range of movement at three, six and 12 months for 50 patients (mean age 57 years; 26 to 85) having surgical fixation, with either percutaneous pinning or reconstruction with a volar plate, for a fracture of the distal radius...
March 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245852/reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-for-the-treatment-of-proximal-humeral-fractures-in-the-elderly-reshape-trial-study-protocol-for-a-multicentre-combined-randomised-controlled-and-observational-trial
#17
Geoffrey C S Smith, Ed Bateman, Ben Cass, Maurizio Damiani, Wade Harper, Hugh Jones, David Lieu, Jeff Petchell, Minas Petrelis, Kalman Piper, Doron Sher, Christopher J Smithers, John Trantalis, Sindy Vrancic, Ian A Harris
BACKGROUND: Proximal humeral fractures are common in older patients. The majority are minimally displaced and are associated with good outcomes after nonoperative treatment. Poorer outcomes are associated with displaced, multipart fractures. There is no clear benefit from surgical fracture fixation compared to nonoperative treatment. Replacement of the fractured humeral head with a hemiarthroplasty is another treatment option, but has not been shown to be clearly superior to nonoperative treatment or internal fixation...
February 28, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243338/the-bony-bankart-lesion-how-to-measure-the-glenoid-bone-loss
#18
REVIEW
Jarosław Skupiński, Małgorzata Zofia Piechota, Wojciech Wawrzynek, Jarosław Maczuch, Anna Babińska
An osseous Bankart lesion is commonly seen in patients with an anterior shoulder dislocation. It is defined as a detachment of the anteroinferior labrum associated with a glenoid rim fracture. Radiological studies are crucial not only for detecting glenoid bone defects but also for measuring the amount of bone loss. The precise quantification of the bony defect is crucial for the therapeutic desicion-making and clinical outcomes. Although we know that major glenoid bone loss requires surgical intervention, none of the studies performed so far answered the question what size of the defect should be an indication for open surgery procedures...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238043/cementless-and-locked-prosthesis-for-the-treatment-of-3-part-and-4-part-proximal-humerus-fractures-prospective-clinical-evaluation-of-hemi-and-reverse-arthroplasty
#19
E Boyer, G Menu, F Loisel, R Saadnia, J Uhring, A Adam, S Rochet, P Clappaz, E Baudouin, T Lascar, R Cermeno, L Obert
INTRODUCTION: Cemented stem remains the gold standard for prosthesis in trauma. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the functional and radiological outcomes of a cementless, trauma-specific locked stem (hemi and reverse) for 3- and 4-part proximal humeral fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and thirty-four 3- and 4-part fractures have been treated by locked stem, 69 with hemiarthroplasty [mean age 68 years (50-90)] and 65 with reversed [mean age 78 years (66-91)]...
February 25, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229229/management-of-unstable-distal-third-clavicle-fractures-clinical-and-radiological-outcomes-of-the-arthroscopy-assisted-conoid-ligament-reconstruction-and-fracture-cerclage-with-sutures
#20
Luis Natera Cisneros, Juan Sarasquete Reiriz
INTRODUCTION: Surgical treatment is indicated for the management of Neer type IIB fractures of the distal third of the clavicle. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical and radiological outcomes, in cases of unstable distal third clavicle fractures managed by means of an arthroscopy-assisted conoid ligament reconstruction and fracture cerclage with sutures. METHODS: Nine patients with unstable distal third clavicle fractures (Neer type IIB) managed arthroscopically by means of a conoid ligament reconstruction and fracture cerclage with sutures, between 2008 and 2012, were included...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
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