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shoulder radiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635954/phenotypic-extremes-of-bicd2-opathies-from-lethal-congenital-muscular-atrophy-with-arthrogryposis-to-asymptomatic-with-subclinical-features
#1
Markus Storbeck, Beate Horsberg Eriksen, Andreas Unger, Irmgard Hölker, Ingvild Aukrust, Lilian A Martínez-Carrera, Wolfgang A Linke, Andreas Ferbert, Raoul Heller, Matthias Vorgerd, Gunnar Houge, Brunhilde Wirth
Heterozygous variants in BICD cargo adapter 2 (BICD2) cause autosomal dominant spinal muscular atrophy, lower extremity-predominant 2 (SMALED2). The disease is usually characterized by a benign or slowly progressive, congenital or early onset muscle weakness and atrophy that mainly affects the lower extremities, although some affected individuals show involvement of the arms and the shoulder girdle. Here we report unusual extremes of BICD2-related diseases: A severe form of congenital muscular atrophy with arthrogryposis multiplex, respiratory insufficiency and lethality within four months...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625096/surgical-technique-and-early-outcomes-of-intramedullary-nailing-of-displaced-proximal-humeral-fractures-in-an-asian-population-using-a-contemporary-straight-nail-design
#2
Toon Dong Hao, Andy Wee Teck Huat
BACKGROUND: Despite being a common orthopedic injury, the optimal management of proximal humeral fractures remains a topic of debate. Although intramedullary nails have been used to treat these fractures, several complications have been reported with older nail devices. We describe our surgical technique and aim to evaluate the early functional and radiological outcomes of displaced Neer's two- to four-part proximal humeral fractures undergoing fixation with a contemporary straight intramedullary nail...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622022/comparison-of-clinical-and-radiological-results-in-the-arthroscopic-repair-of-full-thickness-rotator-cuff-tears-with-and-without-the-anterior-attachment-of-the-rotator-cable
#3
Nam Su Cho, Seong Cheol Moon, Se Jung Hong, Seong Hae Bae, Yong Girl Rhee
BACKGROUND: The anterior rotator cable is critical in force transmission of the rotator cuff. However, few clinical studies have examined the correlation between the integrity of the anterior supraspinatus tendon and surgical outcomes in patients with rotator cuff tears. PURPOSE: To compare the clinical and structural outcomes of the arthroscopic repair of full-thickness rotator cuff tears with and without anterior disruption of the supraspinatus tendon. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619059/critical-shoulder-angle-combined-with-age-predict-five-shoulder-pathologies-a-retrospective-analysis-of-1000-cases
#4
Philipp R Heuberer, Fabian Plachel, Lukas Willinger, Philipp Moroder, Brenda Laky, Leo Pauzenberger, Fritz Lomoschitz, Werner Anderl
BACKGROUND: Acromial morphology has previously been defined as a risk factor for some shoulder pathologies. Yet, study results are inconclusive and not all major shoulder diseases have been sufficiently investigated. Thus, the aim of the present study was to analyze predictive value of three radiological parameters including the critical shoulder angle, acromion index, and lateral acromion angle in relationship to symptomatic patients with either cuff tear arthropathy, glenohumeral osteoarthritis, rotator cuff tear, impingement, and tendinitis calcarea...
June 15, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614252/suprascapular-nerve-entrapment-caused-by-an-intraosseous-ganglion-of-the-scapula-a-case-report
#5
Jung Ryul Kim, Sung Il Wang
RATIONALE: Suprascapular nerve compression is a rare but important entity that is often missed in clinical practice. Nerve dysfunction caused by an intraosseous ganglion of the glenoid is extremely rare, to the best of our knowledge, only 1 case of suprascapular nerve entrapment due to an intraosseous ganglion cyst has been reported previously in the published literature. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a 61-year-old woman who had complained right shoulder pain that lasted over 3 years which was exacerbated by overhead activities...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581340/conservative-treatment-of-distal-radius-fractures-a-prospective-descriptive-study
#6
Pilar Aparicio, Óscar Izquierdo, Juan Castellanos
BACKGROUND: Disability of the upper limb is one of the consequences of distal radius fracture (DRF). The outcome of DRF treatment is based on objective clinical variables, as strength or range of movement (ROM); sometimes these variables do not correlate with the functional level of the patient. The principal objective of our study was to assess the repercussion of conservative treatment of DRF on upper limb disability. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of prospectively collected data...
June 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573514/clinical-and-radiological-outcomes-after-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-failed-deltoid-or-latissimus-dorsi-transfers-a-review-of-ten-cases
#7
Philippe Valenti, Ali Maqdes, Jean-David Werthel
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to report clinical and radiological results of reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) after failure of either a deltoid and/or a latissimus dorsi transfer. METHODS: Between 2001 and 2011, ten patients (average age, 61 years) underwent primary RSA after a failed tendon transfer for irreparable postero-superior rotator cuff tear (five deltoid muscle transfers, four latissimus dorsi transfers and one both). Average follow-up was 48 months...
June 1, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572848/shoulder-impingement-syndrome-a-systematic-review-of-clinical-trial-participant-selection-criteria
#8
Amy R Watts, Ben Williams, Susan W Kim, Donald C Bramwell, Jeganath Krishnan
BACKGROUND: Shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS) is a common diagnosis for patients with pain and dysfunction of the shoulder. Variations in the signs and symptoms might lead to uncertainty regarding the definition of SIS. The aim of this review is to explore the participant selection criteria used in the literature when investigating SIS and to assess differences in criteria among treating professions. METHODS: This is a PRISMA systematic review of publications from 2009 to 2014 from MEDLINE, PubMed, The Cochrane Library, Embase, Scopus and CINAHL...
January 2017: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567223/reverse-total-shoulder-arthroplasty-salvage-procedure-for-failed-prior-arthroplasty
#9
Seong Hwan Jo, Jung Youn Kim, Nam Su Cho, Yong Girl Rhee
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the clinical outcome of revision of primary shoulder replacement by using reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA). METHODS: Seven patients underwent revision RTSA with a mean follow-up of 22.1 months (range, 12 to 54 months). Their mean age at the time of operation was 75.5 years (range, 70 to 80 years). Assessments were performed on the preoperative and postoperative visual analogue scale (VAS) score, muscle strength, range of motion, University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) score, Constant score, subjective satisfaction and the anteroposterior and axillary views of the glenohumeral joint...
June 2017: Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550817/atypical-presentation-and-outcome-of-cervicogenic-headache-in-patients-with-cervical-degenerative-disease-a-single-center-experience
#10
Shyamal C Bir, Anil Nanda, Devi Prasad Patra, Tanmoy Kumar Maiti, Cesar Liendo, Alireza Minagar, Oleg Y Chernyshev
OBJECTIVE: Cervicogenic headache affects a significant portion of the entire population. This type of headache especially with atypical presentation is often hard to diagnose and manage since its etiopathophysiology is not been yet well understood. We have investigated the prevalence of cervicogenic headache with atypical presentation and discussed the etiology of it, and the outcome of surgical intervention on this type of headache in patients with cervical degenerative disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Radiological and clinical data of 160 patients (from 2001 through 2016) were retrospectively reviewed...
May 13, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526422/temporary-ipsilateral-stiff-shoulder-after-operative-fixation-of-distal-radial-fractures
#11
Soo Min Cha, Hyun Dae Shin, Sung Jin Hwang
BACKGROUND: This study was conducted to identify variables affecting the development of temporary stiff shoulder after operative fixation for distal radial fractures (DRF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study retrospectively analyzed 167 patients who had undergone internal fixation using volar locking plate for DRF between 2010 and 2013. Group 1 was denoted as the "normal group," and group 2 was denoted as the "stiff shoulder group." Basic demographic factors evaluated included age, sex, bone mineral density (BMD), and the dominancy...
June 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503783/clinical-and-radiological-features-of-an-unusual-fungal-infection-of-shoulder
#12
Pritesh P Kothari, Rajesh K Ambulgekar, Vikram K Kandhari, Deepak N Bhatia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 14, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503036/clinico-radiological-evaluation-of-retear-rate-in-arthroscopic-double-row-versus-single-row-repair-technique-in-full-thickness-rotator-cuff-tear
#13
Roshan Wade, Sameer Salgar
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff tear is most troublesome issue in shoulder surgery. Retear is seen in arthroscopically repaired rotator cuff tear. PURPOSE: The functional outcome and retear rate in primary full thickness rotator cuff tear operated by single and double row repair technique. METHODS: 56 cases with full thickness tear of rotator cuff operated by single or double (28 each) were studied. Retear rate is evaluated after at least 6 months after surgery...
June 2017: Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500126/lemierre-s-syndrome-a-rare-cause-of-septic-arthritis
#14
James B Olivier, Khalid Al-Hourani, Benjamin Bolland
Lemierre's syndrome is a rare condition characterised by pharyngitis leading to septic thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein. Complications include pulmonary septic emboli, septic arthritis and disseminated intravascular coagulation. The authors present a case of a healthy woman aged 25 years with septic arthritis of the shoulder due to this unusual cause. This diagnosis was made via a combination of clinical, radiological and microbiological findings. It was successfully treated via surgical and antimicrobial interventions...
May 12, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495574/does-acromioplasty-result-in-favorable-clinical-and-radiologic-outcomes-in-the-management-of-chronic-subacromial-pain-syndrome-a-double-blinded-randomized-clinical-trial-with-9-to-14-years-follow-up
#15
Arjen Kolk, Bregje J W Thomassen, Hajo Hund, Pieter Bas de Witte, Hans-Erik Henkus, Willem G Wassenaar, Ewoud R A van Arkel, Rob G H H Nelissen
BACKGROUND: The treatment effect of acromioplasty for chronic subacromial pain syndrome (SAPS) on long-term shoulder function and rotator cuff deterioration has still to be determined. This study aimed to determine the long-term clinical and radiologic treatment effect of arthroscopic acromioplasty in patients with chronic SAPS. METHODS: In this double-blind, randomized clinical trial, 56 patients with chronic SAPS (median age, 47 years; age range, 31-60 years) were randomly allocated to arthroscopic bursectomy alone or to bursectomy combined with acromioplasty and were followed up for a median of 12 years...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490225/is-a-short-arm-cast-appropriate-for-stable-distal-radius-fractures-in-patients-older-than-55-years-a-randomized-prospective-multicentre-study
#16
M J Park, J P Kim, H I Lee, T K Lim, H S Jung, J S Lee
We conducted a prospective randomized, multicentre study to compare short arm and long arm plaster casts for the treatment of stable distal radius fracture in patients older than 55 years. We randomly assigned patients over the age of 55 years who had stable distal radius fracture to either a short arm or long arm plaster cast at the first review 1 week after their injury. Radiographic and clinical follow-up was conducted at 1, 3, 5, 12 and 24 weeks following their injury. Also, degree of disability caused by each cast immobilization was evaluated at the patient's visit to remove the cast...
June 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery, European Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488622/family-with-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-combined-classic-and-vascular-type-with-rare-presentation-of-progressive-myopathy-and-unusual-association-of-severe-facial-and-trigeminal-motor-weakness
#17
A Nalini, N Devaraddi, N Gayathri, Chandrajit Prasad, V Preethish-Kumar, K Polavarapu, S Shantanu
We report the clinical, radiological, biochemical, muscle histology, and electron microscopic features of two members of a family with combined Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) [classic and vascular type] and progressive myopathy as the primary manifestation. A 35-year old lady presented with severe gluteal and thigh muscle pain and easy fatigability for 5 years. She developed weakness and wasting of pelvic and pectoral girdles and thighs for 3 years and severe neck flexor and truncal weakness for 6 months. She had a history of recurrent jaw dislocation, easy bruising with hyperpigmentation, hyperextensibility of joints, translucent skin, and papyraceous scars...
May 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469489/sternocostoclavicular-hyperostosis-an-insufficiently-recognized-clinical-entity
#18
Taro Sugase, Tetsu Akimoto, Hidenori Kanazawa, Atsushi Kotoda, Daisuke Nagata
A 79-year-old male chronic hemodialysis patient with no history of central venous catheterization was referred to our hospital with progressive swelling of the left upper limb ipsilateral to a forearm arteriovenous fistula. Radiological assessments revealed marked hyperostosis in the ribs, sternum, and clavicles with well-developed ossification of the sternocostoclavicular ligaments. Such characteristic structural abnormalities and our failure to identify the left subclavian vein with contrast material despite the abundant dilated collaterals in the left shoulder area encouraged us to diagnose our patient with sternocostoclavicular hyperostosis (SCCH) complicated by central vein obstruction...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469389/roadmap-to-a-comprehensive-clinical-data-warehouse-for-precision-medicine-applications-in-oncology
#19
David J Foran, Wenjin Chen, Huiqi Chu, Evita Sadimin, Doreen Loh, Gregory Riedlinger, Lauri A Goodell, Shridar Ganesan, Kim Hirshfield, Lorna Rodriguez, Robert S DiPaola
Leading institutions throughout the country have established Precision Medicine programs to support personalized treatment of patients. A cornerstone for these programs is the establishment of enterprise-wide Clinical Data Warehouses. Working shoulder-to-shoulder, a team of physicians, systems biologists, engineers, and scientists at Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey have designed, developed, and implemented the Warehouse with information originating from data sources, including Electronic Medical Records, Clinical Trial Management Systems, Tumor Registries, Biospecimen Repositories, Radiology and Pathology archives, and Next Generation Sequencing services...
2017: Cancer Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467335/fifth-metacarpal-neck-fractures-fixation-with-antegrade-locked-flexible-intramedullary-nailing
#20
Francesco Pogliacomi, Elisabetta Mijno, Alesssio Pedrazzini, Silvio Tocco, Massimo Tonani, Francesco Ceccarelli, Enrico Vaienti
BACKGROUND: Fifth metacarpal neck fractures (commonly named "boxer's fractures") are the most common metacarpal injuries and usually affect young active people. These lesions are mainly treated conservatively. Their surgical management, if indicated, is still a matter of debate. Different procedures have been described. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of 18 boxer's fractures which were synthesized with antegrade locked flexible intramedullary nailing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients, at a mean follow-up of 45 months, were clinically evaluated using the Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score and the Patient Rated Wrist/Hand Evaluation (PRWHE)...
April 28, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
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