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Height waist ratio

Amir Reza Radmard, Mohammad Sadegh Rahmanian, Alireza Abrishami, Ali Yoonessi, Soheil Kooraki, Mehrdad Dadgostar, Amir Pejman Hashemi Taheri, Marjan Gerami Seresht, Hossein Poustchi, Elham Jafari, Reza Malekzadeh, Shahin Merat
BACKGROUND: To investigate the association between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and quantitative measures of central adiposity in the general population using a semi-automated method on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data. METHODS: Subjects were recruited from Golestan Cohort Study. Two groups of 120 individuals with and without fatty liver were randomly selected based on findings of ultrasound. Non-invasive diagnosis of NAFLD was made by combination of ultrasound and MRI...
October 2016: Archives of Iranian Medicine
Naval K Vikram, Ahmad Nawid Latifi, Anoop Misra, Kalpana Luthra, Surya Prakash Bhatt, Randeep Guleria, Ravindra M Pandey
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the discriminatory ability of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) in identifying the presence of cardiometabolic risk factors in Asian Indians. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 509 subjects (278 males and 231 females) aged 20-60 years from New Delhi, India. Measurements included complete clinical examination, blood pressure, weight, height, WC, BMI, WHR and WHtR, fasting blood glucose, lipid profile, and fasting insulin levels...
October 14, 2016: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
Zhezhou Huang, Ying Zheng, Pingping Bao, Hui Cai, Zhen Hong, Ding Ding, James Jackson, Xiao-Ou Shu, Qi Dai
Therapy-induced cognitive impairment is prevalent and long-lasting in cancer survivors, but factors affecting post-therapy cognitive recovery are unclear. We conducted this study to evaluate the associations of age, body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and physical activity (PA) with post-therapy cognitive changes in a population-based breast cancer (BC) survivor cohort. We collected information on PA, weight, height, waist and hip circumferences of 1286 BC survivors aged 20-75. We assessed their cognitive functions, including immediate memory, delayed memory, verbal fluency, and attention, at 18 and 36 months after cancer diagnosis...
October 11, 2016: Oncotarget
S B Salagre, S M Itolikar, J J Churiwala
OBJECTIVE: (1) To study the prevalence and clinical attributes of metabolic syndrome in hypertensive subjects (2) To identify the factors determining the high prevalence of metabolic syndrome in hypertensive subjects. METHODS: After ethical considerations, this prospective observational study was conducted on 151 non-pregnant essential hypertensive adults. Diagnosis of metabolic syndrome was made as per the NCEP - ATP III criteria. The parameters were compared with those of hypertensive subjects without metabolic syndrome...
April 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Duncan S Buchan, Gillian McLellan, Samantha Donnelly, Rosie Arthur
BACKGROUND: Limited studies have examined the diagnostic performance of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) or waist to height ratio (WHtR) for identifying cardiometabolic risk (increased clustered glucose, triglycerides, mean arterial pressure and inv-HDL-cholesterol) in pre-adolescent youth. AIM: To compare the utility of BMI, WC and WHtR as predictors of cardiometabolic risk (CMR) in Scottish pre-adolescent children. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of 223 Scottish children (55...
October 12, 2016: Annals of Human Biology
Darko Ivanović, Aleksandar Kupusinac, Edita Stokić, Rade Doroslovački, Dragan Ivetić
The diagnosis of metabolic syndrome (MetS) has a leading role in the early prevention of chronic disease, such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, cancers and chronic kidney disease. It would be very greatful that MetS diagnosis can be predicted in everyday clinical practice. This paper presents artificial neural network (ANN) prediction of the diagnosis of MetS that includes solely non-invasive, low-cost and easily-obtained diagnostic methods. This solution can extract the risky persons and suggests complete tests only on them by saving money and time...
December 2016: Journal of Medical Systems
A M Nevill, M J Duncan, I M Lahart, G R Sandercock
Our aim was to examine whether a new ratio, waist divided by height(0.5) (WHT.5R), is both independent of stature and a stronger predictor of cardiometabolic risk (CMR) than other anthropometric indices. Subjects (4117 men and 646 women), aged 20-69 years, were assessed for stature (cm), mass (kg), waist, and hip girths (cm) from which body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), waist-to-height ratio (WHTR), and two new indices, a body shape index (ABSI) and WHT.5R, were determined. We used the allometric power law, W = a...
October 10, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
Cesare Tripolino, Concetta Irace, Claudio Carallo, Faustina Barbara Scavelli, Agostino Gnasso
BACKGROUND: In recent years, new measures of body adiposity have been introduced: lipid accumulation product (LAP), body adiposity index (BAI) and body shape index (ABSI). These indices have been demonstrated to better associate with cardiovascular disease than other measures of adiposity. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate if LAP or BAI better associate with blood viscosity than other measures of adiposity (body mass index, BMI; waist circumference, WC; waist-to-hip ratio, W/HR; waist-to-height ratio, W/HtR)...
October 6, 2016: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Susan Kohl Malone, Babette Zemel, Charlene Compher, Margaret Souders, Jesse Chittams, Aleda Leis Thompson, Allan Pack, Terri H Lipman
The relationship between sleep duration and obesity in adolescents is inconclusive. This may stem from a more complex relationship between sleep and obesity than previously considered. Shifts toward evening preferences, later sleep-wake times and irregular sleep-wake patterns are typical during adolescence but their relationship to body mass index (BMI) has been relatively unexplored. This cross-sectional study examined associations between sleep duration, midpoint of sleep and social jet lag (estimated from 7 days of continuous actigraphy monitoring), and morningness/eveningness with BMIs (BMI z-scores) and waist-to-height ratios in 14-17-year-old adolescents...
August 11, 2016: Chronobiology International
Malgorzata Kolpa, Agnieszka Jankowicz-Szymanska, Beata Jurkiewicz
BACKGROUND: Childhood overweight and obesity are common causes of metabolic disorders that persist until adulthood. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of high-normal arterial blood pressure (ABP) in children with excess body weight. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 1,093 schoolchildren aged 10 - 12 years (51% girls and 49% boys) participated in the study. The children's weight, height, body fat percentage (BFP), waist and hip circumference, and ABP were measured...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Xubo Shen, Ruifeng Wang, Na Yu, Yongjun Shi, Honggang Li, Chengliang Xiong, Yan Li, Ellen M Wells, Yuanzhong Zhou
Decreased total testosterone (TT) is the recommended metric to identify age-related hypogonadism. However, average TT and the extent to which it varies by age, can vary substantially among different populations. Population-specific reference ranges are needed to understand normal versus abnormal TT levels. Therefore, the goal for this study was to describe androgen concentrations and their correlates among Western Chinese men. We completed a population-based, cross-sectional study including 227 young adults (YA) (20-39 years) and 939 older adults (OA) (40-89 years)...
2016: PloS One
Sílvia M Almeida, José M Furtado, Paulo Mascarenhas, Maria E Ferraz, Luís R Silva, José C Ferreira, Mariana Monteiro, Manuel Vilanova, Fernando P Ferraz
OBJECTIVE: To develop and cross-validate predictive models for percentage body fat (%BF) from anthropometric measurements [including BMI z-score (zBMI) and calf circumference (CC)] excluding skinfold thickness. METHODS: A descriptive study was carried out in 3,084 pre-pubertal children. Regression models and neural network were developed with %BF measured by Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) as the dependent variables and age, sex and anthropometric measurements as independent predictors...
September 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
Liuxia Yan, Xiaolei Guo, Huicheng Wang, Jiyu Zhang, Junli Tang, Zilong Lu, Xiaoning Cai, Longjian Liu, Edward J Gracely, Jixiang Ma
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Albuminuria is a risk factor for cardiovascular and renal disease. However, little is known about the association of 24 h urinary sodium and potassium excretion with albuminuria in China. The aim of this study was to examine this association by analyzing the data from 1,975 Chinese adults living in north China. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Excretion of urinary sodium, potassium and albumin was assessed in a single 24-h urine sample for each participant...
December 2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Chimaobi James Ononamadu, Chinwe Nonyelum Ezekwesili, Onyemaechi Faith Onyeukwu, Uchenna Francis Umeoguaju, Obiajulu Christian Ezeigwe, Godwin Okwudiri Ihegboro
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a well-established independent risk factor for hypertension and other cardiometabolic disorders. However, the best anthropometric index of obesity that predicts or associates strongly with hypertension and related conditions remains controversial and inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: This study compared the performance of eight anthropometric indices of obesity: body mass index (BMI), ponderal index (PI), waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC), waist-hip ratio (WHR), waist-height ratio (WHtR), body adiposity index (BAI) and conicity index (CI) as correlates and potential predictors of risk of hypertension and prehypertension in a Nigerian population, and also the possible effect of combining two or more indices in that regard...
July 13, 2016: Cardiovascular Journal of Africa
Haeil Park, Xiaoyin Li, Yeunjoo E Song, Karen Y He, Xiaofeng Zhu
Meta-analysis of single trait for multiple cohorts has been used for increasing statistical power in genome-wide association studies (GWASs). Although hundreds of variants have been identified by GWAS, these variants only explain a small fraction of phenotypic variation. Cross-phenotype association analysis (CPASSOC) can further improve statistical power by searching for variants that contribute to multiple traits, which is often relevant to pleiotropy. In this study, we performed CPASSOC analysis on the summary statistics from the Genetic Investigation of ANthropometric Traits (GIANT) consortium using a novel method recently developed by our group...
2016: PloS One
Maria Inês Barreto Silva, Vanessa Vicente de Souza Cavalieri, Carla Cavalheiro da Silva Lemos, Márcia Regina Simas Torres Klein, Rachel Bregman
OBJECTIVES: The association of vitamin D status with high body adiposity is poorly investigated in the chronic kidney disease (CKD) population. The aim of the present study was to describe vitamin D status and to identify body adiposity predictors of vitamin D deficiency, in a nondialyzed CKD population inhabiting a tropical city. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included patients with CKD, defined as estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 mL/min, regularly treated by an interdisciplinary team in an outpatient university clinic, set in a Brazilian city (latitude: 22°54'S; 43°12'W)...
July 26, 2016: Nutrition
Jung-Woo Son, Joong Kyung Sung, Jun-Won Lee, Young Jin Youn, Min-Soo Ahn, Sung Gyun Ahn, Byung-Su Yoo, Seung-Hwan Lee, Junghan Yoon, Sang Baek Koh, Jang-Young Kim
Although central obesity is a more powerful predictor of cardiovascular disease (CVD) than general obesity, there is limited information on structural and functional changes of the heart in central obesity. Therefore, we evaluated the association between abdominal obesity and geometric and functional changes of the heart in healthy males. A total of 1460 healthy males aged 40 to 70 years without known CVD from the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study on Atherosclerosis Risk of Rural Areas in the Korean General Population were included...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Chunming Ma, Rui Wang, Yue Liu, Qiang Lu, Na Lu, Yiming Tian, Xiaoli Liu, Fuzai Yin
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is closely related with obesity in pediatric population. Obesity indices were used for screening elevated blood pressure (BP) in children and adolescents. The present study was to perform a meta-analysis to assess the performance of obesity indices, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), for identifying elevated BP in children and adolescents. METHODS: Data sources were PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane, and SCOPUS up to May 2016...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Andrew Lee, Saxon D Smith, Esther Hong, Sarah Garnett, Gayle Fischer
Importance: Increasing evidence suggests that psoriasis poses a cardiometabolic risk in children, as in adults. The best way to screen for this has not yet been established. Waist-to-height ratio (WtHR) can easily identify children with increased central adiposity and is a simpler alternative to body mass index (BMI) that does not require growth charts or percentiles. Having a WtHR of 0.5 or greater is associated with future cardiovascular risk. Objective: To determine whether children with psoriasis are more likely to have increased WtHR, obesity, and metabolic syndrome relative to children without psoriasis...
September 28, 2016: JAMA Dermatology
Anthe S Sterkenburg, Anika Hoffmann, Julia Reichel, Kristin Lohle, Maria Eveslage, Monika Warmuth-Metz, Hermann L Müller
CONTEXT: Hypothalamic obesity, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and relapse/progression have major impact on prognosis in childhood-onset craniopharyngioma (CP). We analyzed nuchal skinfold thickness (NST) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed for follow-up monitoring as a novel parameter for body composition (BC) and CVD in CP. OBJECTIVE: Identify association of NST with body mass index (BMI), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), functional capacity, and blood pressure (BP) in CP and controls...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
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