keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Height waist ratio

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917234/association-between-complement-component-c3-and-body-composition-a-possible-obesity-inflammatory-biomarker-for-insulin-resistance
#1
Hayder A Al-Domi, Reem M Al Haj Ahmad
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The C3 complement component (C3) is increasingly recognized as a cardiometabolic risk factor. We aimed to examine the role of C3 in insulin resistance (IR) and its association with adiposity. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Sixty-seven obese (18-35 years) participants were matched with normal weight participants from the University of Jordan. BMI, waist-hip ratio (WHpR), and waist-height ratio (WHtR) were calculated. Body percent fat mass (%FM) was determined using the bioelectrical impedance analysis...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917159/the-obesity-associated-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-and-all-cause-mortality-is-not-lower-in-inuit-compared-to-europeans-a-cohort-study-of-greenlandic-inuit-nunavik-inuit-and-danes
#2
Pernille Falberg Rønn, Michel Lucas, Elhadji A Laouan Sidi, Maria Tvermosegaard, Gregers Stig Andersen, Torsten Lauritzen, Ulla Toft, Bendix Carstensen, Dirk Lund Christensen, Marit Eika Jørgensen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Inuit populations have lower levels of cardiometabolic risk factors for the same level of body mass index (BMI) or waist circumference (WC) compared to Europeans in cross-sectional studies. We aimed to compare the longitudinal associations of anthropometric measures with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality in Inuit and Europeans. METHODS: Using pooled data from three population-based studies in Canada, Greenland and Denmark, we conducted a cohort study of 10,033 adult participants (765 Nunavik Inuit, 2960 Greenlandic Inuit and 6308 Europeans)...
August 18, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916572/anthropometric-indicators-as-body-fat-discriminators-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Carlos As Alves Junior, Michel C Mocellin, Eliane C Andrade Gonçalves, Diego As Silva, Erasmo Bsm Trindade
We analyzed the discriminatory capacity of anthropometric indicators for body fat in children and adolescents. This systematic review and meta-analysis included cross-sectional and clinical studies comprising children and adolescents aged 2-19 y that tested the discriminatory value for body fat measured by anthropometric methods or indexes generated by anthropometric variables compared with precision methods in the diagnosis of body fat [dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), computed tomography, air displacement plethysmography (ADP), or MRI]...
September 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912339/reproductive-and-metabolic-features-during-puberty-in-sons-of-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#4
Nicolas Crisosto, Barbara Echiburú, Manuel Maliqueo, Marta Luchsinger, Pedro Rojas, Sergio Recabarren, Teresa Sir-Petermann
CONTEXT: Intrauterine life may be implicated in the origin of polycystic cvary syndrome (PCOS) modifying the endocrine and metabolic function of children born to PCOS mothers independently of the genetic inheritance and gender. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the reproductive and metabolic function in sons of women with PCOS during puberty. METHODS: Sixty nine PCOSs and 84 control sons (Cs) 7 to 18 years old matched by Tanner stage score were studied...
September 14, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910190/waist-to-height-ratio-as-a-predictor-of-c-reactive-protein-levels
#5
Denise Tavares Giannini, Maria Cristina Caetano Kuschnir, Cecília Lacroix de Oliveira, Moyses Szklo
BACKGROUND: C-reactive protein is an acute-phase protein that has been found in association with adiposity and cardiovascular disease risk. In this paper, the objective was to assess the relationship of C-reactive protein to four anthropometric measurements: body mass index, waist-to-height ratio, C index, and waist circumference. METHODS: A cross-sectional random sample of the Study of Cardiovascular Risk in Adolescents (Portuguese acronym "ERICA") was included in the study...
September 14, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904549/risk-factors-of-heart-disease-in-nurses
#6
Mahdi K Jahromi, Mohsen Hojat, Saiede R Koshkaki, Faride Nazari, Maryam Ragibnejad
BACKGROUND: Identifying and correcting the modifiable risk factors reduces the prevalence of coronary artery disorders (CAD). Nurses, with regards to their employment conditions, can be prone to cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study aimed to determine the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among nurses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, census sampling was conducted among nurses of Jahrom, Iran, in 2014. Data were collected through interviews, blood pressure measurement, anthropometric parameters, and blood sample collection...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894290/association-of-proton-density-fat-fraction-in-adipose-tissue-with-imaging-based-and-anthropometric-obesity-markers-in-adults
#7
D Franz, D Weidlich, F Freitag, C Holzapfel, T Drabsch, T Baum, H Eggers, A Witte, E J Rummeny, H Hauner, D C Karampinos
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of the proton density fat fraction (PDFF), measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), of supraclavicular and gluteal adipose tissue with subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissue (SAT and VAT) volumes, liver fat fraction and anthropometric obesity markers. The supraclavicular fossa was selected as a typical location where brown adipocytes may be present in humans and the gluteal region was selected as a typical location enclosing primarily white adipocytes...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884432/plasma-enterolactone-and-risk-of-prostate-cancer-in-middle-aged-swedish-men
#8
Peter Wallström, Isabel Drake, Emily Sonestedt, Bo Gullberg, Anders Bjartell, Håkan Olsson, Herman Adlercreutz, Matti J Tikkanen, Elisabet Wirfält
PURPOSE: Enterolactone (ENL) is formed in the human gut after consumption of lignans, has estrogenic properties, and has been associated with risk of prostate cancer. We examined the association between plasma ENL levels and prostate cancer in a nested case-control study within the population-based Malmö Diet and Cancer cohort. We also examined the association between plasma ENL and dietary and lifestyle factors. METHODS: The study population consisted of 1010 cases occurring during a mean follow-up of 14...
September 7, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872597/changes-in-daily-steps-and-body-mass-index-and-waist-to-height-ratio-during-four-year-follow-up-in-adults-cardiovascular-risk-in-young-finns-study
#9
Kasper Salin, Mirja Hirvensalo, Costan G Magnussen, Risto Telama, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Jorma Viikari, Olli Raitakari, Tuija Tammelin
Aims: Over the study years, there was a significant increase in body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-height ratio (WtHR) in middle aged Finnish adults. Methods: Data were obtained from 1033 Finnish adults from the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study in 2007 and 2011. Cohort study participants wore an Omron Walking Style One (HJ-152R-E) pedometer for five days and were grouped into those who increased, maintained and decreased their steps between 2007 and 2011. Paired samples t-test was used to compare body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-height ratio (WtHR) change values between the change groups in study years...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866090/is-within-normal-range-liver-enzymes-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-adults
#10
Leila Nikniaz, Zeinab Nikniaz, Jafar Sadegh Tabrizi, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Mostafa Farahbakhsh
BACKGROUND: Considering the clear association between metabolic syndrome and future cardiovascular disease, early detection of metabolic syndrome is important. This study was conducted to assess the correlation between metabolic syndrome components and within-normal-range of liver enzymes in Iranian adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was comprised of 700 Iranian adults in the districts of East Azerbaijan-Iran in 2015. The levels of lipid profile and glucose were measured by enzymatic colorimetric methods...
August 30, 2017: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858828/arsenic-and-obesity-a-comparison-of-urine-dilution-adjustment-methods
#11
Catherine M Bulka, Sithembile L Mabila, James P Lash, Mary E Turyk, Maria Argos
INTRODUCTION: A commonly used approach to adjust for urine dilution in analyses of biomarkers is to adjust for urinary creatinine. However, creatinine is a product of muscle mass and is therefore associated with body mass. In studies of urinary analytes and obesity or obesity-related outcomes, controlling for creatinine could induce collider stratification bias. We illustrate this phenomenon with an analysis of urinary arsenic. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate various approaches of adjustment for urinary dilution on the associations between urinary arsenic concentration and measures of obesity...
August 28, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856558/religious-attendance-and-body-mass-an-examination-of-variations-by-race-and-gender
#12
Dawn Godbolt, Preeti Vaghela, Amy M Burdette, Terrence D Hill
Studies of the association between religious attendance and body mass have yielded mixed results. In this paper, we consider intersectional variations by race and gender to advance our understanding of these inconsistencies. We use data from the 2006-2008 Health and Retirement Study to examine the association between religious attendance and three indicators of body mass: overall body mass index, waist circumference, and waist-to-height ratio (n = 11,457). For White women, attendance is either protective or unrelated to body mass...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841871/insulin-treatment-corrects-hepcidin-but-not-ykl-40-levels-in-persons-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-matched-by-body-mass-index-waist-to-height-ratio-c-reactive-protein-and-creatinine
#13
Driton Vela, Jovica Leshoski, Zana Vela, Muharrem Jakupaj, Mitko Mladenov, Ramadan B Sopi
BACKGROUND: It has been shown that hepcidin and YKL-40 levels change in persons with insulin resistance in different circumstances. However, variations of the levels of these parameters through the stages of prediabetes and type 2 diabetes mellitus are unclear. We hypothesized that hepcidin levels will decrease in persons with prediabetes, while these levels will tend to correct when persons with diabetes are treated with insulin. Finally we sought to determine the levels of YKL-40 in all groups of participants included in the study...
August 25, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840287/gender-and-age-specific-relationships-between-phthalate-exposures-and-obesity-in-shanghai-adults
#14
Ruihua Dong, Tong Zhou, Jingsi Chen, Meiru Zhang, Han Zhang, Min Wu, Shuguang Li, Liwen Zhang, Bo Chen
Phthalate exposure has been reported to be associated with obesity (measured by body mass index [BMI]) and central obesity (measured by waist circumference [WC]). Yet, reported associations and the potential gender and age differences are inconsistent. We conducted a cross-sectional study involving 2330 participants in the fall of 2012. Urinary metabolites of ten phthalates were measured. Height, body weight, and waist circumference (WC) were measured using standardized methods. We performed logistic regression analyses to estimate the association between each urine phthalate metabolite (categorized into quartiles) and obesity and central obesity and conducted an additional, stratified analysis to explore the gender and age differences...
August 24, 2017: Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836987/benefits-of-different-intensity-of-aerobic-exercise-in-modulating-body-composition-among-obese-young-adults-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Chih-Hui Chiu, Ming-Chen Ko, Long-Shan Wu, Ding-Peng Yeh, Nai-Wen Kan, Po-Fu Lee, Jenn-Woei Hsieh, Ching-Yu Tseng, Chien-Chang Ho
BACKGROUND: The aim of present study was to compare the effects of different aerobic exercise intensities and energy expenditures on the body composition of sedentary obese college students in Taiwan. METHODS: Forty-eight obese participants [body mass index (BMI) ≥ 27 kg/m(2), age 18-26 years] were randomized into four equal groups (n = 12): light-intensity training group (LITG), 40%-50% heart rate reserve (HRR); middle-intensity training group (MITG), 50%-70% HRR; high-intensity training group (HITG), 70%-80% HRR; and control group (CG)...
August 24, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831258/which-psychological-psychophysiological-and-anthropometric-factors-are-connected-with-life-events-depression-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease
#16
Milos Slepecky, Antonia Kotianova, Jan Prasko, Ivan Majercak, Erika Gyorgyova, Michal Kotian, Marta Zatkova, Marta Popelkova, Marie Ociskova, Ingrid Tonhajzerova
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine psychological, psychophysiological, and anthropometric factors connected with life events, level of depression, and quality of life in people at risk for cardiovascular disease and healthy controls. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study involving arterial hypertension patients and healthy controls. There were several measurements including physical, anthropological, cardiovascular, and psychophysiological measurements and administration of questionnaires...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830474/a-health-dialogue-intervention-reduces-cardiovascular-risk-factor-levels-a-population-based-randomised-controlled-trial-in-swedish-primary-care-setting-with-1-year-follow-up
#17
Mats Hellstrand, Bo Simonsson, Sevek Engström, Kent W Nilsson, Anu Molarius
BACKGROUND: The total number of cardiovascular (CVD) deaths accounted for almost a third of all deaths globally in 2013. Population based randomised controlled trials, managed within primary care, on CVD risk factor interventions are scarce. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of a health dialogue intervention in a primary care setting offered to a population at the age of 55 years, focusing on CVD risk factors. METHODS: The study was performed in five primary health care centres in the county of Västmanland, Sweden between April 2011 and December 2012...
August 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830368/allelic-variants-in-vitamin-d-receptor-gene-are-associated-with-adiposity-measures-in-the-central-european-population
#18
Julie Bienertová-Vašků, Filip Zlámal, Aneta Pohořalá, Ondřej Mikeš, Monika Goldbergová-Pávková, Jan Novák, Zbyněk Šplíchal, Hynek Pikhart
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing body of evidence suggesting that vitamin D is involved in ethiopathogenesis of obesity and therefore the aim of the study was to investigate whether 5 selected SNPs in VDR (vitamin D receptor) gene are associated also with anthropometry in the obese and non-obese Central-European population. METHODS: A total of 882 Central European Caucasian individuals of Czech origin were recruited (n = 882, 232 M/650 F) and weight, height, BMI, lean body mass, fat mass, body fat, waist and hip circumference, waist-hip ratio (WHR) and skinfold thickness were measured...
August 22, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830245/truncal-pattern-of-subcutaneous-fat-distribution-is-associated-with-obesity-and-elevated-blood-pressure-among-children-and-adolescents
#19
Ying-Xiu Zhang, Shu-Rong Wang, Jin-Shan Zhao, Zun-Hua Chu
BACKGROUND: The association between elevated blood pressure (BP) and childhood obesity has been documented in several studies. However, little is known the difference in BP levels among children and adolescents with different patterns of fat distribution. The present study examined the association of subcutaneous fat distributional pattern with obesity and elevated BP among children and adolescents. METHODS: A total of 38,687 students (19,386 boys and 19,301 girls) aged 7-17 years participated in the study...
August 23, 2017: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827610/body-mass-index-trajectories-in-the-first-two-years-and-subsequent-childhood-cardio-metabolic-outcomes-a-prospective-multi-ethnic-asian-cohort-study
#20
Izzuddin M Aris, Ling-Wei Chen, Mya Thway Tint, Wei Wei Pang, Shu E Soh, Seang-Mei Saw, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Kok-Hian Tan, Peter D Gluckman, Yap-Seng Chong, Fabian Yap, Keith M Godfrey, Michael S Kramer, Yung Seng Lee
We investigated body mass index (BMI) trajectories in the first 2 years of life in 1170 children from an Asian mother-offspring cohort in Singapore, and examined their predictors and associations with childhood cardio-metabolic risk measures at 5 years. Latent class growth mixture modelling analyses were performed to identify distinct BMI z-score (BMIz) trajectories. Four trajectories were identified: 73.2%(n = 857) of the children showed a normal BMIz trajectory, 13.2%(n = 155) a stable low-BMIz trajectory, 8...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
keyword
keyword
58519
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"