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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201826/adiposity-indexes-as-phenotype-specific-markers-of-preclinical-metabolic-alterations-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Fernanda Missio Mario, Scheila Karen Graff, Poli Mara Spritzer
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition in women of reproductive age. 2 PCOS phenotypes (classic and ovulatory) are currently recognized as the most prevalent, with important differences in terms of cardiometabolic features. We studied the performance of different adiposity indexes to predict preclinical metabolic alterations and cardiovascular risk in 234 women with PCOS (173 with classic and 61 with ovulatory PCOS) and 129 controls. Performance of waist circumference, waist-to-height ratio, conicity index, lipid accumulation product, and visceral adiposity index was assessed based on HOMA-IR ≥ 3...
February 15, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194004/genetic-contributions-to-self-reported-tiredness
#2
V Deary, S P Hagenaars, S E Harris, W D Hill, G Davies, D C M Liewald, A M McIntosh, C R Gale, I J Deary
Self-reported tiredness and low energy, often called fatigue, are associated with poorer physical and mental health. Twin studies have indicated that this has a heritability between 6 and 50%. In the UK Biobank sample (N=108 976), we carried out a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of responses to the question, 'Over the last two weeks, how often have you felt tired or had little energy?' Univariate GCTA-GREML found that the proportion of variance explained by all common single-nucleotide polymorphisms for this tiredness question was 8...
February 14, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191907/anthropometric-parameters-and-the-incidence-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-older-people-the-pro-v-a-study
#3
Caterina Trevisan, Stefania Maggi, Chiara Curreri, Giovanni Nante, Marianna Noale, Marina De Rui, Egle Perissinotto, Leonardo Sartori, Sabina Zambon, Gaetano Crepaldi, Enzo Manzato, Giuseppe Sergi
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) has been associated with body size and central obesity, but the impact of different anthropometric measures in this relationship has been inadequately investigated. HYPOTHESIS: In this study, we examined the association between baseline anthropometric parameters with the incidence of AF in older people, hypothesizing that body size could impact the onset of AF more than fat distribution. METHODS: Our study included 1764 participants with a mean age of 74...
February 13, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190592/maternal-and-paternal-family-history-of-diabetes-in-second-degree-relatives-and-metabolic-outcomes-at-age-5-6-years-the-abcd-study
#4
A J J M Oostvogels, C P Landstra, L Britsemmer, R Lodewijkx, K Stronks, T J Roseboom, T G M Vrijkotte
AIM: To investigate whether children with a family history of diabetes (FHD) in second-degree relatives (grandparents, aunts/uncles) are at increased risk of developing obesity and diabetes, and whether the risk differs between maternal or paternal transmission. METHODS: In the multiethnic population-based cohort Amsterdam-Born Children and Their Development (ABCD) Study, body mass index (BMI), waist-to-height ratio (WHR), fat percentage (fat%), fasting glucose and C-peptide in 5- or 6-year-old children with no second-degree FHD (n=2226) were compared with children with maternal-only (n=353), paternal-only (n=281) or both maternal and paternal (n=164) second-degree FHD...
February 10, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187148/nutritional-status-and-body-composition-by-bioelectrical-impedance-vector-analysis-a-cross-sectional-study-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#5
Ilaria Cova, Simone Pomati, Laura Maggiore, Marica Forcella, Valentina Cucumo, Roberta Ghiretti, Giulia Grande, Fulvio Muzio, Claudio Mariani
AIMS: Analysis of nutritional status and body composition in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in a University-Hospital setting, recruiting 59 patients with AD, 34 subjects with MCI and 58 elderly healthy controls (HC). Nutritional status was assessed by anthropometric parameters (body mass index; calf, upper arm and waist circumferences), Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) and body composition by bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183455/cardiometabolic-risk-markers-adipocyte-fatty-acid-binding-protein-afabp-and-the-impact-of-high-intensity-interval-training-hiit-in-obese-adolescents
#6
Susann Blüher, Jakob Käpplinger, Sabine Herget, Sandra Reichardt, Yvonne Böttcher, Andrea Grimm, Jürgen Kratzsch, David Petroff
OBJECTIVE: The impact of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) as well as the association between the adipocyte fatty binding protein (aFABP) and cardiometabolic risk factors in overweight adolescents was investigated. METHODS: Twenty-eight adolescents (13-18years; BMI≥90th percentile according to German reference values) were offered HIIT twice weekly for 6months. At baseline and after program completion, anthropometric, clinical and metabolic characteristics were assessed and a fasting blood sample was obtained...
March 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168436/associations-between-circulating-levels-of-adipocytokines-and-abdominal-adiposity-in-patients-after-acute-pancreatitis
#7
Ruma G Singh, Sayali A Pendharkar, Nicola A Gillies, Victor Miranda-Soberanis, Lindsay D Plank, Maxim S Petrov
Adipocytokines are strongly associated with abdominal adiposity during the course of acute pancreatitis (AP). This study investigated associations between a panel of adipocytokines and abdominal adiposity in AP patients after hospital discharge, as well as the effect of several covariates. Fasting venous blood samples were collected to measure adiponectin, interleukin 6, leptin, monocyte chemoattractant protein 1, tumour necrosis factor α (TNFα), resistin, and retinol-binding protein 4. Waist circumference (WC), waist-hip ratio, and waist-height ratio (WheightR) were used as measures of abdominal adiposity...
February 6, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160265/comparison-of-different-obesity-indices-for-predicting-incident-hypertension
#8
Mohsen Janghorbani, Ashraf Aminorroaya, Masoud Amini
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is well recognized to be an important risk factor for hypertension (HTN), but it is not clear which obesity indices have stronger association with HTN. AIM: To evaluate the ability of different obesity indices, including visceral adiposity index (VAI), hypertriglyceridemic-waist (HTGW) phenotype, a body shape index (ABSI), body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) as possible hypertension (HTN) predictor in a high-risk population...
February 4, 2017: High Blood Pressure & Cardiovascular Prevention: the Official Journal of the Italian Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159005/the-women-s-wellness-after-cancer-program-a-multisite-single-blinded-randomised-controlled-trial-protocol
#9
Debra Anderson, Charrlotte Seib, Dian Tjondronegoro, Jane Turner, Leanne Monterosso, Amanda McGuire, Janine Porter-Steele, Wei Song, Patsy Yates, Neil King, Leonie Young, Kate White, Kathryn Lee, Sonj Hall, Mei Krishnasamy, Kathy Wells, Sarah Balaam, Alexandra L McCarthy
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in cancer diagnosis and treatment have significantly improved survival rates, patients post-treatment-related health needs are often not adequately addressed by current health services. The aim of the Women's Wellness after Cancer Program (WWACP), which is a digitised multimodal lifestyle intervention, is to enhance health-related quality of life in women previously treated for blood, breast and gynaecological cancers. METHODS: A single-blinded, multi-centre randomized controlled trial recruited a total of 330 women within 24 months of completion of chemotherapy (primary or adjuvant) and/or radiotherapy...
February 3, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144452/dietary-predictors-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-iranian-adolescents
#10
Nimah Bahreini Esfahani, Neda Ganjali Dashti, Marjan Ganjali Dashti, Mohd Ismail Noorv, Poh Bee Koon, Ruzita Abd Talib, Syarif Husin Lubis
BACKGROUND: Considering both diet and energy expenditures possess some influence on weight status, research into dietary determinants of obesity is challenging but essential to rational planning of well-organized interventions to avoid obesity. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine whether dietary factors were predictive of overweight and obesity in adolescents in the Iranian population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 840 students, ages 15 - 17, from six schools were enrolled in this cross-sectional study...
September 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141847/best-anthropometric-discriminators-of-incident-type-2-diabetes-among-white-and-black-adults-a-longitudinal-aric-study
#11
Dale S Hardy, Devita T Stallings, Jane T Garvin, Hongyan Xu, Susan B Racette
OBJECTIVE: To determine which anthropometric measures are the strongest discriminators of incident type 2 diabetes (T2DM) among White and Black males and females in a large U.S. cohort. METHODS: We used Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study data from 12,121 participants aged 45-64 years without diabetes at baseline who were followed for over 11 years. Anthropometric measures included a body shape index (ABSI), body adiposity index (BAI), body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist to hip ratio (WHR), waist to height ratio (WHtR), and waist to hip to height ratio (WHHR)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129758/prevalence-and-geographic-variation-of-abdominal-obesity-in-7-and-9-year-old-children-in-greece-world-health-organization-childhood-obesity-surveillance-initiative-2010
#12
Maria Hassapidou, Themistoklis Tzotzas, Evangelia Makri, Ioannis Pagkalos, Ioannis Kaklamanos, Efthymios Kapantais, Annet Abrahamian, Antonis Polymeris, Konstantinos Tziomalos
BACKGROUND: In children, abdominal obesity is a better predictor of the presence of cardiovascular risk factors than body mass index (BMI)-defined obesity. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of abdominal obesity in the Greek pediatric population and to assess the impact of residence on the prevalence of both BMI-defined and abdominal obesity. METHODS: In the context of the Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative of the World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Europe, a national representative sample of 7...
January 28, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129402/association-between-anthropometric-measures-and-indicators-for-hypertension-control-among-kazakh-chinese-hypertension-patients-in-xinjiang-china-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Qinghua Zhang, Tanmay Mahapatra, Feifei Huang, Weiming Tang, Yufang Guo, Songyuan Tang, Yang Lei, Lei Feng, Anni Wang, Liuyi Zhang, Jingping Zhang
BACKGROUND: Among Kazakh-Chinese population in Xinjiang province of China, prevalence of obesity and hypertension were 40.1% and 50.3% respectively, the highest across all ethnic groups residing in this pastureland. Despite this, there remained a dearth of information regarding the association between the anthropometric measures [body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-hip ratio (WHR), Waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) etc.] and indicators for hypertension control [achieved levels of systolic and diastolic blood pressures (SBP and DBP), pulse pressure index (PPI), ankle-brachial index (ABI) etc...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128972/leptin-and-leptin-to-adiponectin-ratio-predict-adiposity-gain-in-nonobese-children-over-a-six-year-period
#14
Meixian Zhang, Hong Cheng, Xiaoyuan Zhao, Dongqing Hou, Yinkun Yan, Katherine Cianflone, Ming Li, Jie Mi
BACKGROUND: Previous longitudinal studies have shown inconsistent results regarding the influence of adipokines on changes in weight and body fat. We aimed to determine the predictive value of serum leptin, adiponectin, and their ratio on subsequent changes in obesity measures in children. METHODS: Two hundred forty-six obese and 532 nonobese children aged 6-11 years were remeasured for BMI and waist circumference after 6.4 ± 0.2 years. Z-score of BMI was used to standardize for age and sex...
January 27, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128067/indicators-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-metabolic-syndrome-long-term-follow-up-in-italian-patients
#15
Giuliana Mombelli, Chiara Pavanello, Samuela Castelnuovo, Raffaella Bosisio, Sara Simonelli, Franco Pazzucconi, Cesare Riccardo Sirtori
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular risk (CV) factors associated with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) may vary in different populations. In some, hypertension may be the major determinant, in others low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), high triglycerides, or other component. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Subjects included in this analysis were identified in 2006, among those attending the Lipid Clinic of the Niguarda Hospital, and followed up through to 2013. Patient characteristics (including the occurrence of CV events) were obtained from electronic medical records...
January 26, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126715/predictors-of-dyslipidemia-over-time-in-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-for-the-search-for-diabetes-in-youth-study
#16
Amy S Shah, David M Maahs, Jeanette M Stafford, Lawrence M Dolan, Wei Lang, Giuseppina Imperatore, Ronny A Bell, Angela D Liese, Kristi Reynolds, Catherine Pihoker, Santica Marcovina, Ralph B D'Agostino, Dana Dabelea
OBJECTIVE: Understanding the risk factors associated with progression and regression of dyslipidemia in youth with type 1 diabetes may guide treatments. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We studied 1,478 youth with type 1 diabetes (age 10.8 ± 3.9 years, 50% male, 77% non-Hispanic white, not on lipid-lowering medications) at baseline and at a mean follow-up of 7.1 ± 1.9 years in the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth (SEARCH) study. Progression to dyslipidemia was defined as normal lipid concentrations at baseline and abnormal at follow-up (non-HDL-cholesterol [C] >130 mg/dL or HDL-C <35 mg/dL)...
January 26, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114130/identifying-cardiovascular-risk-in-survivors-of-childhood-leukaemia-treated-with-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-and-total-body-irradiation%C3%A2
#17
Christina Wei, Linda Hunt, Rachel Cox, Karin Bradley, Ruth Elson, Julian Shield, Michael Stevens, Elizabeth Crowne
BACKGROUND: Survivors of childhood with haematopoietic stem cell transplantation and total body irradiation (HSCT/TBI) have an increased cardiometabolic risk without overt obesity. AIM: To describe cardiometabolic risk in HSCT/TBI survivors and identify anthropometric measurements of adiposity representative of cardiometabolic risks in HSCT/TBI survivors. METHOD: Childhood leukaemia survivors treated with HSCT/TBI (n = 21, 11 males) were compared with chemotherapy-only (n = 31) and obese non-leukaemic controls (n = 30)...
January 23, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109414/snap-participation-and-diet-sensitive-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-adolescents
#18
Cindy W Leung, June M Tester, Eric B Rimm, Walter C Willett
INTRODUCTION: Previous research suggests participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is associated with poorer adult cardiometabolic health; the extent to which these associations extend to adolescents is unknown. Differences in diet quality, obesity, and cardiometabolic risk factors were examined among SNAP participants, income-eligible nonparticipants, and higher-income adolescents. METHODS: The study population comprised 4,450 adolescents ≤300% federal poverty level from the 2003-2010 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
February 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105961/associations-between-obesity-indicators-and-blood-pressure-in-chinese-adult-twins
#19
Chunxiao Liao, Wenjing Gao, Weihua Cao, Jun Lv, Canqing Yu, Shengfeng Wang, Qian Zhao, Zengchang Pang, Liming Cong, Hua Wang, Xianping Wu, Liming Li
Obesity is associated with blood pressure (BP), but the associations between different obesity indicators and BP have not reached agreement. Besides, both obesity and BP are influenced by genetic and environmental factors. Whether they share the same genetic or environmental etiology has not been fully understood. We therefore analyzed the relationship between different obesity indicators and BP components as well as the genetic and environmental contributions to these relationships in a Chinese adult twin sample...
February 2017: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103767/behavior-risk-factors-among-russian-students
#20
Aleksander Anischenko, Anna Arhangelskaya, Michael Klenov, Ekaterina Burdukova, Valrii Ogarev, Nikolay Ignatov, Irina Osadchenko, Konstantin Gurevich
Purpose To analyze the prevalence of risk factors among Russian students. Methods In this study, 834 students were included from five Federal universities which were localized in four Federal regions of Russian Federation. Future doctors, school teachers, and wellness trainers were included in this study. Students were specifically asked about smoking, physical activity International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), and food preference. Waist, hip, weight, and height were measured. Results The region of study and ethnic group were not influenced with respect to age and body mass index ( p > ...
January 1, 2017: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
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