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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101773/what-is-the-appropriate-strategy-for-diagnosing-nafld-using-ultrasonography-in-obese-children
#1
Jee Hyun Lee, Su Jin Jeong
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to identify obese children who are candidates for a potential diagnosis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: We enrolled 242 obese children (122 boys and 120 girls) aged 7-16 years who were examined with abdominal ultrasonography in our pediatric obesity clinic. We compared patients in the normal group with those in the NAFLD group (mild disease, moderate to severe disease) and identified the optimal anthropometric parameters among height, weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, hip circumference, waist to height ratio (WHtR), and waist to hip ratio to predict NAFLD using a receiver operating characteristic curve analysis...
January 19, 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100211/waist-circumference-and-waist-to-height-ratio-are-associated-with-periodontal-pocketing-results-of-the-health-2000-survey
#2
Sanna Kangas, Petra Timonen, Matti Knuuttila, Antti Jula, Pekka Ylöstalo, Anna-Maija Hannele Syrjälä
BACKGROUND: Body mass index (BMI) has been found to associate with different parameters of chronic periodontal disease in previous studies. It is reasonable to expect that central adiposity measures, such as waist circumference and waist-to-height ratio, which indirectly takes into account visceral fat, are more accurate measures of obesity-related oral health risks than BMI. The aim of this study was to examine whether central obesity is associated with periodontal pocketing, an indication of infectious chronic periodontal disease...
January 18, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095279/overweight-and-obesity-in-italian-adolescents-examined-prevalence-and-socio-demographic-factors
#3
Myriam Galfo, Laura D'Addezio, Laura Censi, Romana Roccaldo, Deborah Martone
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of overweight and obesity derived from measured data of weight and height in a cross-sectional sample of adolescents in the Italian region of Lazio and to analyse their association with different socio-demographic factors. METHODS: The study was conducted in a representative sample of 15-16-year-old adolescents recruited in secondary schools between December 2011 and May 2012. 369 adolescents were investigated. Body weight, height and waist circumference were measured...
December 2016: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092149/issues-in-nutrition-nutritional-assessment-of-adults
#4
Margaret E Thompson, Mary Barth Noel
The assessment of nutritional status in adults should begin with a complete history, including intake of fruits and vegetables, sources of fat, and added sugar (eg, sugar-sweetened beverages). The history should include social factors that may impede a patient's ability to obtain food, as well as any factors that might interfere with preparing, chewing, and digesting food and absorbing nutrients. The physical examination should include measurement of height and weight and calculation of body mass index. It also may include measurements of waist circumference and waist to hip ratio, and an evaluation of strength...
January 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092067/interrelations-among-the-adipocytokines-leptin-and-adiponectin-oxidative-stress-and-aseptic-inflammation-markers-in-pre-and-early-pubertal-normal-weight-and-obese-boys
#5
George Paltoglou, Maria Schoina, George Valsamakis, Nicolaos Salakos, Alexandra Avloniti, Athanasios Chatzinikolaou, Alexandra Margeli, Chrysanthi Skevaki, Maria Papagianni, Christina Kanaka-Gantenbein, Ioannis Papassotiriou, George P Chrousos, Ioannis G Fatouros, George Mastorakos
PURPOSE: Presumed interrelationships among deleterious aspects of adipose tissue metabolism, inflammation, and cellular oxidative stress could be influenced by pubertal hormonal changes. They were investigated in pre- and early pubertal normal-weight and obese boys before and after an exercise bout employed as an energy demanding stimulator. METHODS: Cross-sectional study. Seventy-six healthy pre- (mean ± SD, 10.6 ± 0.2 years old, 28 normal-weight, and 11 obese) and early-(11...
January 16, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090739/obesity-related-genetic-polymorphisms-and-adiposity-indices-in-a-young-italian-population
#6
Laura Bordoni, Francesca Marchegiani, Marco Piangerelli, Valerio Napolioni, Rosita Gabbianelli
Pediatric obesity develops when a complex biological predisposition collides with an obesogenic environment. To further elucidate the role of genetics in obesity onset, we performed a candidate-gene association study in a young and sportive Italian population by testing the association of functional polymorphisms in ACE (rs4646994), FTO (rs9939609), MC4R (rs17782313) and PPARG (rs1801282) genes with body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR). We also tested the combinations of identified risk genotypes and epistatic interactions among them to determine the existence of cumulative effects in predicting the predisposition to gain weight...
January 16, 2017: IUBMB Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090680/validity-of-noninvasive-composite-scores-to-assess-cardiovascular-risk-in-10-year-old-children
#7
Ø Lerum, E Aadland, L B Andersen, S A Anderssen, G K Resaland
Agreement between and classification accuracy of six different noninvasive composite scores and a cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor score were investigated in 911 (466 boys and 445 girls) 10-year-old Norwegian children. A CVD risk factor score (triglyceride, total cholesterol/HDL ratio, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, systolic blood pressure (SBP), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), and cardiorespiratory fitness) and six noninvasive risk scores (fitness+three different measurements of fatness (body mass index (BMI), WHtR, and skinfolds), with and without inclusion of SBP) were calculated (mean z-score by gender)...
January 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089658/utility-of-body-mass-index-waist-to-height-ratio-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-thresholds-for-identifying-cardiometabolic-risk-in-10-4-17-6-year-old-children
#8
Duncan S Buchan, Julien S Baker
OBJECTIVE: To examine the utility of Body Mass Index (BMI), Waist-to-Height-Ratio (WHtR) and cardiorespiratory fitness thresholds to identify cardiometabolic risk in youth. METHODS: Cross-sectional cardiometabolic risk factor variables on 534 children aged 10.4-17.6 years of age (52% boys) from the United Kingdom were used. Binary logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic curves were used to examine the utility of established age and gender specific thresholds for BMI, WHtR and cardiorespiratory fitness to identify individuals with increased cardiometabolic risk (increased clustered triglycerides, HDL-cholesterol, systolic blood pressure and glucose)...
January 12, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087813/ethnic-differences-in-anthropometric-measures-and-abdominal-fat-distribution-a-cross-sectional-pooled-study-in-inuit-africans-and-europeans
#9
Pernille F Rønn, Gregers S Andersen, Torsten Lauritzen, Dirk L Christensen, Mette Aadahl, Bendix Carstensen, Marit E Jørgensen
BACKGROUND: Ethnic variation in abdominal fat distribution may explain differences in cardiometabolic risk between populations. However, the ability of anthropometric measures to quantify abdominal fat is not clearly understood across ethnic groups. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations between anthropometric measures and visceral (VAT) and subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue (SAT) in Inuit, Africans and Europeans. METHODS: We combined cross-sectional data from 3 studies conducted in Greenland, Kenya and Denmark using similar methodology...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087246/adipocytokines-and-anthropometric-measures-in-type-2-diabetics
#10
Shubhangi M Harke, Suresh P Khadke, Abhijit A Ghadge, Ashwini S Manglekar, Shashank S Shah, Arundhati G Diwan, Aniket A Kuvalekar
AIM: Type 2 diabetes mellitus has assumed pandemic proportions worldwide. Aggressive management of hyperglycemia in diabetics is a primary goal of treatment. We have previously reported favorable effects of oral hypoglycemic agents on adipocytokines. Aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship of adipocytokines with anthropometric measures and biochemical parameters in type 2 diabetics. METHODS: Clinically diagnosed type 2 diabetics and age, gender matched healthy volunteers were recruited for study...
December 30, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080834/low-adherence-to-dietary-guidelines-in-spain-especially-in-the-overweight-obese-population-the-anibes-study
#11
Elena Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Aránzazu Aparicio, Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Marcela González-Gross, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras, Rosa M Ortega
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze the dietary intake of the Spanish population according to ponderal status and body fat distribution. METHODS: Data were obtained from ANIBES (Anthropometry, Intake, and Energy Balance in Spain), a cross-sectional study of a nationally representative sample (1013 men, 996 women) of the Spanish population (18-64 years). The final fieldwork was carried out from mid-September to November (three months) 2013. A 3-day dietary record provided information about food and beverage consumption...
January 12, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079826/waist-to-height-ratio-is-the-best-anthropometric-predictor-of-hypertension-a-population-based-study-with-women-from-a-state-of-northeast-of-brazil
#12
Tainá C S Caminha, Haroldo S Ferreira, Narithania S Costa, Ricardo P Nakano, Renata Elyonara S Carvalho, Antônio F S Xavier, Monica L Assunção
The WHO recommends the use of some anthropometric parameters as a screening resource for individuals under cardiometabolic risk. However, in the validation of these indicators, Brazilian women were not included. These women have different anthropometric profile compared to women who integrated the samples of the validation studies. We aimed to verify the accuracy of anthropometric indicators as a resource for the screening of women with hypertension. A cross-sectional study, with a probability sample of 3143 women (20-49 years) from the state of Alagoas (northeast of Brazil), was carried out...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078643/anthropometric-assessment-for-bariatric-procedures-in-the-private-practice-of-a-registered-dietitian-in-colombia
#13
Claudia Carvajal, Patricia Savino, Andrea Ramirez, Martha Grajales, Ricardo Nassar, Natan Zundel
BACKGROUND: Obesity and its consequences have now reached worldwide pandemic proportions. Among treatments, bariatric interventions are the most effective for weight reduction. Here, we describe the change in anthropometric measurements (AMs) of 615 adult bariatric procedure patients seen in the private practice of a registered dietitian (RD) in Bogotá, Colombia. METHODS: Observational retrospective study of AMs recorded between 1996 and 2013 for patients who had laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG, n = 290), laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB, n = 207), and laparoscopic Roux-EN-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB, n = 36) or the non-surgical gastric balloon (GB, n = 82) procedure...
January 11, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067456/type-2-diabetes-mellitus-associated-with-the-interaction-of-lrp5-polymorphism-and-overweight-and-obesity-in-rural-chinese-adults
#14
Zhang Lu, Wang Jinjin, Zhang Ming, Wang Guo'an, Shen Yanxia, Wu Dongting, Wang Chongjian, Li Linlin, Ren Yongcheng, Wang Bingyuan, Zhang Hongyan, Yang Xiangyu, Zhao Yang, Han Chengyi, Zhou Junmei, Pang Chao, Yin Lei, Zhao Jingzhi, Luo Xinping, Hu Dongsheng
BACKGROUND: Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5) plays an important role in glucose and cholesterol metabolism, so a cohort study was used to evaluate the association of LRP5 variants and incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in a rural adult Chinese population. METHODS: A total of 7751 subjects ≥18 years old and without T2DM underwent genotyping at baseline; 6326 subjects (81.62%) were followed-up, with 5511 eligible for this analysis...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054571/factors-associated-with-awareness-treatment-and-control-of-hypertension-in-a-disadvantaged-rural-indian-population
#15
D Busingye, S Arabshahi, R G Evans, V K Srikanth, K Kartik, K Kalyanram, M A Riddell, X Zhu, O Suresh, A G Thrift
The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with awareness, treatment and control of hypertension in a rural setting in India. Following screening of the population, all individuals with hypertension (blood pressure (BP) ⩾140/90 mm Hg or taking antihypertensive medications) were invited to participate in this study. We measured BP, height, weight, skinfolds, waist and hip circumference, and administered a questionnaire to obtain information regarding socioeconomic and behavioural characteristics...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051354/effect-of-almond-supplementation-on-glycemia-and-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-asian-indians-in-north-india-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-24-week-study
#16
Seema Gulati, Anoop Misra, Ravindra M Pandey
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) statistics have reached menacing proportions in India. Appropriate dietary intervention, as part of healthy lifestyle, is imperative to curb further spread of this disease. OBJECTIVES: This pre-post intervention study was conducted in New Delhi, India, to investigate the effects of daily consumption of almonds for 24 weeks in T2D subjects, specifically on measures of glycemia and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: In this study, the 24-week intervention period was preceded by a control diet and exercise run-in period of 3 weeks...
January 4, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032444/sex-related-differences-in-abdominal-obesity-impact-on-ischemic-stroke-risk
#17
A Rodríguez-Campello, J Jiménez-Conde, Á Ois, E Cuadrado-Godia, E Giralt-Steinhauer, R M Vivanco, C Soriano-Tárraga, I Subirana, D Muñoz, A Gómez-González, A Puig-Pijoan, J Roquer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The objective of our study was to evaluate sex differences in the impact of weight and abdominal obesity on the risk of ischemic stroke. METHODS: We included 388 patients with ischemic stroke (aged <75 years) assessed consecutively in our hospital and 732 controls matched by age and sex. Vascular risk factors and anthropometric data (waist circumference, weight and height) were recorded. The impact of three anthropometric variables [body mass index (BMI), waist circumference and waist to height ratio] on ischemic stroke risk was calculated...
February 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030936/association-of-anthropometric-measures-of-obesity-and-chronic-kidney-disease-in-elderly-women
#18
Andrzej Jaroszynski, Tadeusz Dereziński, Anna Jaroszyńska, Tomasz Zapolski, Beata Wąsikowska, Andrzej Wysokiński, Arkadiusz Jawień, Wojciech Załuska, Andrzej Horoch
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Growing evidence suggests that obesity is an important contributor to the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The relationship between obesity and CKD is complex and not completely understood, and the best anthropometric index of obesity in predicting CKD is controversial. This study aimed to determine the best anthropometric index of obesity in predicting CKD in a population of elderly women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Anthropometric indexes of obesity including body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WheiR) and waist-to-hip-ratio (WHR), were obtained in 730 selected females...
23, 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028320/protein-intake-and-dietary-glycemic-load-of-4-year-olds-and-association-with-adiposity-and-serum-insulin-at-7-years-of-age-sex-nutrient-and-nutrient-nutrient-interactions
#19
C Durão, A Oliveira, A C Santos, M Severo, A Guerra, H Barros, C Lopes
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The role of Protein Intake (PI) at preschool age on later adiposity is understudied, and prospective studies also examining Dietary Glycemic Load (GL) are lacking. The current study evaluated the association of PI and GL at 4 years with adiposity and Fasting Serum Insulin (FSI) 3 years later, and examined the possible interaction between PI and GL on these associations, by sex. DESIGN: This prospective study included 1 999 singleton children enrolled in the population-based birth cohort, Generation XXI (Porto-Portugal, 2005-2006)...
December 28, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027427/the-adiposity-of-children-is-associated-with-their-lifestyle-behaviours-a-cluster-analysis-of-school-aged-children-from-12-nations
#20
Dorothea Dumuid, T Olds, L K Lewis, J A Martin-Fernández, T Barreira, S Broyles, J-P Chaput, M Fogelholm, G Hu, R Kuriyan, A Kurpad, E V Lambert, J Maia, V Matsudo, V O Onywera, O L Sarmiento, M Standage, M S Tremblay, C Tudor-Locke, P Zhao, P Katzmarzyk, F Gillison, C Maher
BACKGROUND: The relationship between children's adiposity and lifestyle behaviour patterns is an area of growing interest. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study are to identify clusters of children based on lifestyle behaviours and compare children's adiposity among clusters. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle and the Environment were used. PARTICIPANTS: the participants were children (9-11 years) from 12 nations (n = 5710)...
December 27, 2016: Pediatric Obesity
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