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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431549/household-food-insecurity-is-associated-with-abdominal-but-not-general-obesity-among-iranian-children
#1
Fateme Jafari, Simin Ehsani, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Mahmood Noori-Shadkam, Amin Salehi-Abargouei
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is increasing all over the world. Food insecurity is mentioned as a possible risk factor; however, previous studies have led to inconsistent results in different societies while data are lacking for the Middle East. We aimed to investigate the relationship between food insecurity and general or abdominal obesity in Iranian children in a cross-sectional study. METHODS: Anthropometric data including height, weight, and waist circumference were measured by trained nutritionists...
April 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429895/interleukin-6-and-resistin-in-relation-to-anthropometric-measurements-in-school-children
#2
Carolina Del Pilar Escalona-Villasmil, Jorymar Yoselyn Leal-Montiel, Pablo Antonio Ortega-Fernindez, Carlos Javier Chavez
The worldwide prevalence of childhood obesity has increased greatly over the past three decades. The increasing occurrence in children of disorders, such as type 2 diabetes, is believed to be a consequence of this obesity epidemic. Although the precise mechanisms are still unclear, dysregulated production or secretion of adipokines caused by excess adipose tissue and adipose tissue dysfunction can contribute to the development of obesity-related me- tabolic diseases. The objective of the study was to determine the serum levels of interleukin-6 and resistin in relation to anthropometric measurements in school children...
June 2016: Investigación Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427375/relation-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-body-compositions-among-chinese-adolescents-and-adults-from-a-large-scale-population-survey
#3
Tao Xu, Junting Liu, Junxiu Liu, Guangjin Zhu, Shaomei Han
BACKGROUND: Few nationally representative surveys regarding body composition and metabolic syndrome (MetS) have been done in a large-scale representative Chinese population to explore the prediction of body composition indicators for MetS. The objective of this study was to examine the relation of body composition and MetS and to determine the optimal cut-off values of body composition indicators that predict MetS in a large representative Chinese sample based on multiple provinces and ethnicities, covering a broad age range from 10 to 80 years old...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421337/glucose-independent-association-of-adiposity-and-diet-composition-with-cardiovascular-risk-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#4
Claudio Maffeis, Elena Fornari, Anita Morandi, Claudia Piona, Francesca Tomasselli, Mara Tommasi, Marco Marigliano
AIMS: To test the hypothesis that diet composition, adiposity and glycometabolic control could independently contribute to an increase in the cardiovascular risk (CVR) for children/adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D). METHODS: One hundred and eighty children/adolescents with T1D (age range 5-18 years) were enrolled. Diet (3-day weighed dietary record), physical (height, weight, waist circumference, bioelectrical impedance analysis) and biochemical (HbA1c, lipid profile) parameters were recorded...
April 18, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420999/functional-high-intensity-circuit-training-improves-body-composition-peak-oxygen-uptake-strength-and-alters-certain-dimensions-of-quality-of-life-in-overweight-women
#5
Billy Sperlich, Birgit Wallmann-Sperlich, Christoph Zinner, Valerie Von Stauffenberg, Helena Losert, Hans-Christer Holmberg
The effects of circuit-like functional high-intensity training (CircuitHIIT) alone or in combination with high-volume low-intensity exercise (Circuitcombined) on selected cardio-respiratory and metabolic parameters, body composition, functional strength and the quality of life of overweight women were compared. In this single-center, two-armed randomized, controlled study, overweight women performed 9-weeks (3 sessions·wk(-1)) of either CircuitHIIT (n = 11), or Circuitcombined (n = 8). Peak oxygen uptake and perception of physical pain were increased to a greater extent (p < 0...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420918/the-role-of-psychological-eating-styles-in-obesity-among-turkish-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Nalan Hakime Nogay
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between eating behaviours and adiposity indicators including body mass index, waist-hip ratio and waist-height ratio in adolescents. METHODS: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted at Kirklareli University Health College, Kirklareli, Turkey, from April to June 2014, and comprised students of the 2013-14 academic year. Height and weight were measured and students' body mass indexes were calculated. Waist and hip circumferences were measured...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419243/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-pubertal-induction-using-17beta-estradiol-in-transgirls
#7
Sabine E Hannema, Sebastian E E Schagen, Peggy T Cohen-Kettenis, Henriette A Delemarre-van de Waal
Introduction.: Puberty suppression using GnRH agonists, followed by induction of desired sex characteristics using sex steroids, is recommended by current guidelines as the treatment of choice for gender dysphoric adolescents although little evidence is available. Aim.: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of estrogen treatment for pubertal induction in transgirls (female-identifying adolescents assigned male at birth). Methods.: 28 Adolescents treated with oral estrogen for at least 1 year were included...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413997/differences-in-meal-patterns-and-timing-with-regard-to-central-obesity-in-the-anibes-anthropometric-data-macronutrients-and-micronutrients-intake-practice-of-physical-activity-socioeconomic-data-and-lifestyles-in-spain-study
#8
Aránzazu Aparicio, Elena E Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Marcela González-Gross, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras, Rosa Maria Ortega
OBJECTIVE: To study the association of meal patterns and timing with central obesity to identify the best dietary strategies to deal with the increasing obesity prevalence. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study performed on data from a representative sample of the Spanish population. Height and waist circumference were measured using standardized procedures and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) was calculated. The sample was divided into those without central obesity (WHtR<0·5) and those with central obesity (WHtR≥0·5)...
April 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413425/association-of-retinol-binding-protein-4-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-first-degree-relatives-of-type-2-diabetic-patients
#9
Marjan Tabesh, Atsa Noroozi, Masood Amini, Awat Feizi, Sahar Saraf-Bank, Maryam Zare
BACKGROUND: Retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) is known to regulate lipid and glucose metabolism and insulin resistance. The influences of RBP4 on metabolic syndrome (MS) are still unclear. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the association between serum levels of RBP4 and MS components in first-degree relations of type 2 diabetic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed within the framework of the diabetes prevention project in Isfahan...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409494/association-between-metabolically-healthy-central-obesity-in-women-and-levels-of-soluble-receptor-for-advanced-glycation-end-products-soluble-vascular-adhesion-protein-1-and-the-activity-of-semicarbazide-sensitive-amine-oxidase
#10
Ivana Koborová, Radana Gurecká, Melinda Csongová, Katarína Volkovová, Éva Szökő, Tamás Tábi, Katarína Šebeková
AIM: To determine the levels of circulating soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE), as a biomarker of risk of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease development in centrally obese (CO) women considered metabolically healthy (COH) in comparison with those metabolically unhealthy (COU). METHODS: 47 lean healthy, 17 COH (presenting waist-to-height ratio ≥0.5 but not elevated blood pressure, atherogenic lipid profile, and insulin resistance), and 50 COU (CO presenting ≥2 risk factors) women aged 40-45 years were included...
April 14, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407795/the-association-between-self-rated-health-and-different-anthropometric-and-body-composition-measures-in-the-chinese-population
#11
Kun Tang, Yingxi Zhao, Chunyan Li
BACKGROUND: To analyze the strength of association between self-rated health and six anthropometric and body composition measures to explore the best indicator. METHODS: Analyses were based on the cross-sectional data from the China Kadoorie Biobank Study and approximately 300,000 adults were analyzed. Logistics regression was used to analyze the association between self-rated health (good or poor) and anthropometric and body composition measures (height, weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC) and body fat percentage, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio)...
April 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407234/mediterranean-diet-decreases-adolescent-waist-circumference
#12
Flora Bacopoulou, Georgios Landis, Anastasios Rentoumis, Artemis Tsitsika, Vasiliki Efthymiou
BACKGROUND: To explore the effects of a multicomponent-multilevel school-based educational intervention on the nutritional habits and abdominal obesity indices of a representative adolescent sample. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A representative sample of 1,610 adolescents aged 12-17 years in 23 public high schools of three municipalities in the Attica region in Greece, participated in a program funded by the European Union (August 2013-August 2014). Participants underwent dietary assessment with the use of the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index in children and adolescents (KIDMED), blood pressure assessment and screening for general and abdominal obesity by measuring body mass index, waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), at baseline and following a six-month school-based intervention...
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400459/investigating-the-relationship-between-precocious-puberty-and-obesity-a-cross-sectional-study-in-shanghai-china
#13
Chang Chen, Yunting Zhang, Wanqi Sun, Yao Chen, Yanrui Jiang, Yuanjin Song, Qinmin Lin, Lixia Zhu, Qi Zhu, Xiumin Wang, Shijian Liu, Fan Jiang
OBJECTIVES: Obesity is reported to be closely relevant to early sexual development but the relationship between sexual precocity and obesity or central obesity is still inconsistent, especially in boys. We aimed to investigate the relationship between precocious puberty and obesity as well as central obesity. DESIGN: A large population-based cross-sectional study using multistage, stratified cluster random sampling. SETTING: Data from the Shanghai Children's Health, Education and Lifestyle Evaluation (SCHEDULE) study in June 2014...
April 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394109/the-role-of-anthropometry-in-acute-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-treated-with-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#14
Marko Mornar Jelavić, Zdravko Babić, Hrvoje Pintarić, Marjeta Mišigoj-Duraković
The aim of this study was to investigate the controversial influence of anthropometry on clinical severity and prognosis of acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). We prospectively analyzed 250 patients with acute STEMI treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (September 2011 – September 2012). They were grouped according to the following anthropometric parameters: body mass index (BMI) (<25.0, 25.0-29.9, ≥30.0 kg/m²), waist circumference (WC) (<102/88, ≥102/88 cm), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) (<0...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394108/the-use-of-anthropometric-measurements-of-obesity-in-prediction-of-microvascular-complications-in-obese-type-2-diabetic-patients
#15
Tomislav Bulum, Kristina Blaslov, Lea Duvnjak
Waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) are superior to body mass index (BMI) in predicting type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) development. The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive power of BMI, WC, WHR and WHtR for microvascular (chronic kidney disease (CKD), retinopathy and peripheral neuropathy) prevalence in obese (BMI ≥35 kg/m2) T2DM patients. This cross-sectional study included 125 T2DM patients of both genders. The validity of each test was assessed by Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves; the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated for each anthropometric parameter and microvascular complication...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391592/metabolic-syndrome-in-patients-with-ankylosing-spondylitis-receiving-anti-tnf%C3%AE-therapy-association-with-predictors-of-cardiovascular-risk
#16
Diego Germano Maia, Kristopherson Lustosa Augusto, Mailze Campos Bezerra, Carlos Ewerton Maia Rodrigues
The purposes of this study were to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) receiving anti-TNFα therapy and evaluate the association of the two conditions with clinical and laboratory findings and predictors of cardiovascular risk. In this cross-sectional study, 63 patients diagnosed with AS according to the modified New York criteria and treated with TNFα blockers and 33 healthy controls were submitted to clinical examination and anthropometric measurements...
April 8, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384000/effects-of-obex-in-overweight-and-obese-subjects-with-or-without-impaired-fasting-glucose-a-pilot-study
#17
Eduardo Cabrera-Rode, Janet Rodríguez, Aimee Álvarez, Ragmila Echevarría, Antonio Darwin Reyes, Ileana Cubas-Dueñas, Silvia Elena Turcios-Tristá, Oscar Díaz-Díaz
Obex is a dietary supplement to help weight loss. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of Obex in overweight/obese participants with or without impaired fasting glucose. This was an open-label pilot study conducted with 40 overweight and obese subjects, 23-60 years old with a body mass index of 25-44 kg/m(2) (20 participants with impaired fasting glucose [IFG] and 20 with normal glucose levels). Participants received Obex at a dose of one sachet before the two main meals of each day for 3 months...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380177/enlarged-waist-combined-with-elevated-triglycerides-hypertriglyceridemic-waist-phenotype-and-hdl-cholesterol-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#18
Camila Weschenfelder, Aline Marcadenti, Airton Tetelbom Stein, Catarina Bertaso Andreatta Gottschall
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The association of serum triglycerides plus waist circumference seems to be a good marker of cardiovascular risk and has been named the "hypertriglyceridemic waist" phenotype. The aim of our study was to investigate the association between the hypertriglyceridemic waist phenotype and HDL-cholesterol among patients with heart failure. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study in a tertiary-level hospital in southern Brazil. METHODS: We included patients with heart failure aged > 40 years...
January 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378985/aerobic-capacity-of-adults-with-intellectual-disabilities
#19
Krystyna Gawlik, Anna Zwierzchowska, Beata Manowska, Diana Celebańska
INTRODUCTION: Physical fitness is a resultant of the efficiency of adaptive mechanisms for physical effort. People with intellectual disabilities may exhibit limited adaptive capacities, not only regarding their mental development, but also physiological, social and emotional development. Dysfunctions of the central nervous system observed in individuals with intellectual disabilities cause difficulties in gaining movement experience as well as problems with coordination and kinesthetic sense...
December 31, 2016: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374508/free-triiodothyronine-free-thyroxine-ratio-rather-than-thyrotropin-is-more-associated-with-metabolic-parameters-in-healthy-euthyroid-adult-subjects
#20
So Young Park, Se Eun Park, Sang Won Jung, Hyun Seok Jin, Ie Byung Park, Song Vogue Ahn, Sihoon Lee
OBJECTIVE: The interrelation between TSH, thyroid hormones, and metabolic parameters is complex and has not been confirmed. This study aimed to determine the association of TSH and thyroid hormones in euthyroid subjects and the relationship between thyroid function and metabolic risk factors. Furthermore, this study examined whether thyroid function has predictive power for metabolic syndrome. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study that included subjects in a medical health check-up program at a single institution...
April 4, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
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