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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643234/body-mass-disorders-in-healthy-short-children-and-in-children-with-growth-hormone-deficiency
#1
Paweł Tomaszewski, Katarzyna Milde, Anna Majcher, Beata Pyrżak, Gul Tiryaki-Sonmez, Brad J Schoenfeld
The aim of the study was to determine the degree of adiposity and the incidence of body mass disorders, including abdominal obesity, in healthy short children and children with growth hormone deficiency. The study included 134 short children (height < 10th percentile) aged 7-15. In this cohort there were 63 (31 boys and 32 girls) children without diagnosed hormonal disorders and 71 patients (35 boys and 36 girls) with growth hormone deficiency. Basic somatic features were assessed and the study participants were categorized according to the percentage of body fat (%FAT), body mass index (BMI), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR)...
June 23, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642222/risk-factors-for-head-injury-events-in-professional-rugby-union-a-video-analysis-of-464-head-injury-events-to-inform-proposed-injury-prevention-strategies
#2
Ross Tucker, Martin Raftery, Simon Kemp, James Brown, Gordon Fuller, Ben Hester, Matthew Cross, Ken Quarrie
OBJECTIVES: The tackle is responsible for the majority of head injuries during rugby union. In order to address head injury risk, risk factors during the tackle must first be identified. This study analysed tackle characteristics in the professional game in order to inform potential interventions. METHODS: 464 tackles resulting in a head injury assessment (HIA) were analysed in detail, with tackle type, direction, speed, acceleration, nature of head contact and player body position the characteristics of interest...
June 22, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640092/glucose-metabolism-of-visceral-adipose-tissue-measured-by-18f-fdg-pet-ct-is-related-to-the-presence-of-colonic-adenoma
#3
Hai-Jeon Yoon, Bom Sahn Kim, Ko Eun Lee, Chang Mo Moon, Jang Yoo, Jung-Sook Kim, Yemi Kim
This study investigated the relationships between the area and metabolic activity of adipose tissue and the presence of colorectal adenoma (CRA). Our institutional review board approved the study and waived informed consent. A total of 212 subjects who underwent fluorine 18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) and colonoscopy for routine health check-ups were enrolled. The volumetric parameters of areas of visceral (VATav), subcutaneous (SATav), and total adipose tissue (TATav) and calculated visceral-to-subcutaneous adipose tissue ratio (VSR) and visceral-to-total adipose tissue ratio (VAR) were considered...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632766/associations-between-anthropometric-parameters-and-lipid-profiles-in-chinese-individuals-with-age-%C3%A2-40-years-and-bmi-28kg-m2
#4
Zhi Yang, Xun Ding, Jiang Liu, Peng Duan, Lian Si, Binghua Wan, Ping Tu
BACKGROUND: Lipid abnormalities are associated with overweight and obesity. Some simple anthropometric measurements such as body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHpR), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), may link to increased risk of dyslipidemia. However, diverse results were found in different population studies. We focused on the associations between these measurements and dyslipidemia in non-obese (BMI <28kg/m2) population aged more than 40 years. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Cross-sectional study of 4185 non-obese adults aged more than 40 years was conducted in Nanchang, Jiangxi province, China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618766/relationship-between-blood-glucose-levels-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-the-spanish-mediterranean-population
#5
Ángel Arturo López-González, Zoe Manzanero, María Teófila Vicente-Herrero, Sheila García-Agudo, María Gil-Llinás, Francisco Moreno-Morcillo
BACKGROUND/AIM: Diabetes is associated with an increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease. Impaired fasting glucose (IFG) is an intermediate clinical situation between normal glucose levels and type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study is to determine how fasting glucose concentrations affect different cardiovascular risk scales. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted with 59,041 Mediterranean Spanish workers. IFG was determined using the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria...
June 12, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614456/waist-to-height-ratio-as-an-anthropometric-marker-of-overweight-in-elderly-brazilians
#6
Márcia Mara Corrêa, Elaine Tomasi, Elaine Thumé, Elizabete Regina Araújo de Oliveira, Luiz Augusto Facchini
This study's objective was to identify the cut-off point for waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) with the best sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy for the elderly Brazilian population, using body mass index (BMI) as the anthropometric reference. A representative sample of the Brazilian population consisted of 5,428 elderly individuals participating in an epidemiological survey. The variables were weight, height, and waist circumference (WC). WHtR was assessed with BMI as the gold standard, using two proposals for classification of the elderly population's nutritional status...
June 12, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613243/dietary-calcium-intake-and-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-in-spanish-children-the-aniva-study
#7
Nuria Rubio-López, Agustín Llopis-González, Yolanda Picó, María Morales-Suárez-Varela
The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship of dietary calcium intake with anthropometric measures, physical activity and adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) in 1176 Spanish children aged 6-9 years. Data were obtained from "Antropometría y Nutrición Infantil de Valencia" (ANIVA), a cross-sectional study of a representative sample. Dietary calcium intake assessed from three-day food records was compared to recommended daily intakes in Spain. Anthropometric measures (weight and height) were measured according to international standards and adherence to the MedDiet was evaluated using the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index (KIDMED) test...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612567/-consumptions-of-meat-dietary-fat-and-fatty-acids-and-prevalence-of-overweight-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-chengdu
#8
Yu-Xin Bao, Ruo-Nan Duan, Ming-Zhe Yang, Yan-Rong Chen, Guo Tian, Jiao Luo, Guo Cheng
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents aged 7-15 years in Longquanyi District of Chengdu and its association with consumptions of meat, dietary fat and fatty-acids. METHODS: A total of 1 811 children and adolescents aged 7-15 years in Longquanyi District were selected using stratified cluster sampling strategy. Their body mass, height and waist circumference were measured. The prevalence of overweight/obesity was estimated based on body mass index (BMI), body mass index standard deviation score (BMI SDS), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR)...
January 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612553/-obesity-and-bone-mineral-density-in-menopausal-women
#9
Kang An, Ken Qin, She-Yu Li, Han-Wei Yang, Qin-Qin Wu, Yan Huang, Chuan Yu, Zhen-Mei An, Shuang-Qing Li
OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between obesity and bone mineral density in menopausal women. METHODS: We recruited menopausal women aged 50 years and older who undertook health examinations in West China Hospital of Sichuan University in this study. Bone mineral density of the participants was measured by MetriScan Bone Densitometry. The participants were categorized into three groups according to the T value: normal density, osteopenia and osteoporosis...
January 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612552/-obesity-and-osteoporosis-in-men-aged-above-50
#10
Ken Qin, Min He, Xiao-Tao Cao, Han-Wei Yang, Ying Yang, You-Juan Wang, Chuan Yu, Zhen-Mei An, She-Yu Li
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between obesity and osteoporosis in men aged above 50 in Chengdu. METHODS: Male participants aged above 50 were recruited from those who visited West China Hospital of Sichuan University for health examinations. Bone mineral density was measured by MetriScan Bone Densitometry. The participants were divided into three groups according to T values: normal, osteopenia and osteoporosis. RESULTS: About 5...
January 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612455/influence-of-eating-quickly-and-eating-until-full-on-anthropometric-gains-in-girls-a-population-based-longitudinal-study
#11
H Ochiai, T Shirasawa, H Nanri, R Nishimura, H Hoshino, A Kokaze
BACKGROUND: In examining childhood overweight/obesity, there is a need to consider both eating quickly and eating until full. This longitudinal study investigated the influence of eating quickly and/or eating until full on anthropometric variables and becoming overweight/obese among Japanese schoolgirls. METHODS: Study participants were fourth-grade schoolgirls (aged 9 or 10 years) in Ina Town, Japan. Physical examinations and a questionnaire survey were performed at baseline (fourth grade) and after 3 years (seventh grade)...
June 14, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611442/competing-factors-link-to-bone-health-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-chronic-low-grade-inflammation-takes-a-toll
#12
Shirin Kalyan, Millan S Patel, Elaine Kingwell, Hélène C F Côté, Danmei Liu, Jerilynn C Prior
Chronic inflammation predisposes to poor bone health. Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) experience androgen excess, ovulatory disturbances, insulin resistance, abdominal adiposity and chronic inflammation. Our objective was to investigate the relationships among bone health parameters, chronic subclinical inflammation and anthropometric measures in premenopausal women with and without PCOS. In 61 premenopausal women, 22 women with PCOS and 39 controls, we assessed bone parameters (total hip bone mineral density [BMD] by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and radius strength-strain index [SSI] by peripheral quantitative computed tomography), inflammation (C-reactive protein/albumin), oxidative stress (leukocyte telomere length, urinary 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine); hemoglobin A1c; anthropometric measures (body mass index, waist-to-height ratio, cross-sectional muscle area)...
June 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608942/a-risk-score-model-for-predicting-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-a-rural-chinese-adult-population-a-cohort-study-with-a-6-year-follow-up
#13
Hongyan Zhang, Chongjian Wang, Yongcheng Ren, Bingyuan Wang, Xiangyu Yang, Yang Zhao, Chengyi Han, Junmei Zhou, Lu Zhang, Minjie Qi, Yujia Zhai, Chao Pang, Lei Yin, Jingzhi Zhao, Dongsheng Hu, Ming Zhang
BACKGROUND: Several prediction tools have been developed to identify people with T2DM and to quantify the probability of developing T2DM. However, most of the risk models were constructed based on cross-sectional studies and tea-drinking was not included. METHODS: A total of 15,768 participants without known T2DM were followed up from 2007-2008 to 2013-2014; 12,654 were randomly assigned to the derivation dataset and 3114 to the validation dataset. We constructed a risk-score model for T2DM by using a Cox proportional-hazards model...
June 13, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608606/waist-to-height-ratio-and-its-association-with-tv-viewing-in-a-sample-of-portuguese-children-aged-7-9-years
#14
Aristides M Machado-Rodrigues, João Valente-Dos-Santos, Romulo Fernandes, Augusta Gama, Isabel Mourao, Helena Nogueira, Vitor Marques, Cristina Padez
INTRODUCTION: During the past decades, increased TV viewing and reduced physical activity (PA) levels may have contributed to the increased prevalence of pediatric obesity. This study aimed to analyze the association between TV viewing and central adiposity risk in Portuguese children. METHODS: The sample comprised 3987 children (1997 girls and 1990 boys) aged 7-9 years. Height, weight, and waist circumference (WC) were measured. Waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) was calculated as the ratio of waist/height with a cut-off of 0...
June 13, 2017: American Journal of Human Biology: the Official Journal of the Human Biology Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606706/self-reported-physical-activity-using-international-physical-activity-questionnaire-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-visual-impairment
#15
Magdalena Wrzesińska, Anna Lipert, Beata Urzędowicz, Lucjan Pawlicki
BACKGROUND: Young people with visual impairment (VI) face many environmental barriers that influence physical activity. OBJECTIVE: The aims of the study were to assess the level of physical activity (PA) in students with VI, with regard to their age, gender, level of VI, body mass index and abdominal obesity (AO), and to identify the percentage of study participants who did not meet the international recommendations for PA. METHODS: Anthropometric measurements were taken to assess the body mass index and waist-to-height ratio...
May 22, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606442/modeling-anthropometric-indices-in-relation-to-10-year-2002-2012-incidence-of-cardiovascular-disease-among-apparently-healthy-individuals-the-attica-study
#16
Theodosios D Filippatos, Ioannis Kyrou, Ekavi N Georgousopoulou, Christina Chrysohoou, Georgia-Maria Kouli, Constantine Tsigos, Dimitrios Tousoulis, Christodoulos Stefanadis, Christos Pitsavos, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos
AIMS: Body fat accumulation is implicated in the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Our objective was to explore potential associations between anthropometric indices and the 10-year CVD incidence in Greek adults without previous CVD. METHODS: During 2001-2, we enrolled 3042 adults without CVD from the general population of Attica, Greece. In 2011-2, the 10-year study follow-up was performed, recording the CVD incidence in 1958 participants with baseline body mass index (BMI) ≥18...
June 3, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604756/anthropometry-dxa-and-leptin-reflect-subcutaneous-but-not-visceral-abdominal-adipose-tissue-by-mri-in-197-healthy-adolescents
#17
Jeanette Tinggaard, Casper P Hagen, Anders N Christensen, Annette Mouritsen, Mikkel G Mieritz, Christine Wohlfahrt-Veje, Jørn W Helge, Thomas N Beck, Eva Fallentin, Rasmus Larsen, Rikke B Jensen, Anders Juul, Katharina M Main
BACKGROUND: Abdominal fat distribution is associated with development of cardio-metabolic disease, independently of BMI. We assessed anthropometry, serum adipokines and DXA as markers of abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) by MRIMETHODS:We performed a cross-sectional study including 197 healthy adolescents (114 boys) aged 10-15 years nested within a longitudinal population-based cohort. Clinical examination, blood sampling, DXA and abdominal MRI was performed...
June 12, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604755/physical-exercise-intervention-at-school-improved-hepcidin-inflammation-and-iron-metabolism-in-overweight-and-obese-children-and-adolescents
#18
Susana Coimbra, Cristina Catarino, Henrique Nascimento, Ana Inês Alves, Ana Filipa Medeiros, Elsa Bronze-da-Rocha, Elísio Costa, Petronila Rocha-Pereira, Luísa Aires, André Seabra, Jorge Mota, Helena Ferreira Mansilha, Carla Rêgo, Alice Santos-Silva, Luís Belo
BACKGROUND: Obesity is often associated with iron deficiency in children and adolescents. We aimed to study the effect of 8-month physical exercise (PE) intervention in hepcidin and other markers of inflammation and in iron status in overweight/obese children and adolescents. METHODS: Seventy-three overweight/obese children and adolescents participated in the 8-month longitudinal study; they were divided in two groups according to their participation in an after-school PE program: PE (n=44) and control (n=29) groups...
June 12, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604339/obesity-markers-associated-to-albuminuria-in-a-primary-care-center-in-lima-per%C3%A3%C2%BA
#19
Alberto E Quintanilla, Álvaro Taype-Rondan, María Lazo-Porras, Percy Herrera-Añazco
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between three obesity markers, body mass index (BMI), abdominal circumference (AC), waist to height ratio (WHtR), and albuminuria in adults seen in a primary health care center specialized in chronic diseases in Lima, Perú. METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive, retrospective study in adults who attended a primary health care center specialized in chronic diseases in 2011. Patients were divided into four categories: healthy subjects and patients with high blood pressure, with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and with both diseases (HBP+T2DM)...
June 2017: Endocrinología, diabetes y nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598973/seven-year-longitudinal-change-in-risk-factors-for-non-communicable-diseases-in-rural-kerala-india-the-who-steps-approach
#20
Thirunavukkarasu Sathish, Srinivasan Kannan, Sankara P Sarma, Oliver Razum, Odile Sauzet, Kavumpurathu Raman Thankappan
Nearly three-quarters of global deaths from non-communicable diseases (NCDs) occur in low- and middle-income countries such as India. However, there are few data available on longitudinal change in risk factors for NCDs in India. We conducted a cohort study among 495 individuals (aged 15 to 64 years at baseline) in rural Kerala state, India, from 2003 to 2010. For the present analysis, data from 410 adults (aged 20 to 64 years at baseline) who participated at both baseline and follow-up studies were analyzed...
2017: PloS One
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