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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528077/is-the-success-of-the-slimmer-diabetes-prevention-intervention-modified-by-socioeconomic-status-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Andrea J Bukman, Geerke Duijzer, Annemien Haveman-Nies, Sophia C Jansen, Josien Ter Beek, Gerrit J Hiddink, Edith J M Feskens
AIM: To explore the role of socioeconomic status (SES) in participation, programme attendance, programme acceptability, adherence to lifestyle guidelines, drop-out, and effectiveness in the SLIMMER diabetes prevention intervention. METHODS: SLIMMER was a randomised controlled intervention, carried out in a real-world setting, targeting 40- to 70-year-old adults at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes (n=316). The intervention group participated in a 10-month combined dietary and physical activity programme...
May 10, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527867/association-of-neck-circumference-and-pulmonary-function-in-children
#2
Onur Akın, Mutluay Arslan, Cem Haymana, Erdem Karabulut, Bulent Hacihamdioglu, Suleyman Tolga Yavuz
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity leads to many complications including impaired respiratory function. There are various anthropometric parameters related to obesity. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between anthropometric indices and pulmonary function test results in children without asthma. METHODS: Children without any respiratory disorders were enrolled in this study. Anthropometric measurements, such as height, weight, neck circumference (NC), and waist circumference, were obtained from the enrollees and body mass index was calculated...
May 17, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526219/cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-muscular-strength-as-mediators-of-the-influence-of-fatness-on-academic-achievement
#3
Antonio García-Hermoso, Irene Esteban-Cornejo, Jordi Olloquequi, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez
OBJECTIVE: To examine the combined association of fatness and physical fitness components (cardiorespiratory fitness [CRF] and muscular strength) with academic achievement, and to determine whether CRF and muscular strength are mediators of the association between fatness and academic achievement in a nationally representative sample of adolescents from Chile. STUDY DESIGN: Data were obtained for a sample of 36 870 adolescents (mean age, 13.8 years; 55.2% boys) from the Chilean System for the Assessment of Educational Quality test for eighth grade in 2011, 2013, and 2014...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526006/cardiometabolic-profile-of-obese-children-in-a-sub-saharan-african-setting-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Eunice Chedjou-Nono, Suzanne Sap, Simeon-Pierre Choukem, Issa Ngosso Tetanye, Daniel Nebongo, Olivier Koki Ndombo
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular and metabolic consequences of obesity in children, unlike adults, are still not well understood nor have they been subject to extensive research in Africa. We aimed to identify the cardio-metabolic complications associated with childhood obesity at the early phase of the management of obese children in a reference center in Cameroon. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study conducted from November 2013 to September 2014 and based on World Health Organization (WHO) classification of Obesity (BMI > 3SD under 5 years and BMI > 2SD from 5 and above), we included children aged 3 to 17 years who were being followed up for obesity at the pediatric endocrinology unit of the Mother and Child Center of the Chantal BIYA Foundation in Yaounde, Cameroon...
May 19, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521886/lean-body-mass-is-the-predominant-anthropometric-risk-factor-for-atrial%C3%A2-fibrillation
#5
Morten Fenger-Grøn, Kim Overvad, Anne Tjønneland, Lars Frost
BACKGROUND: Obesity is repeatedly emphasized as a risk factor for atrial fibrillation or flutter (AF). However, the underlying evidence may be questioned, as the obvious correlations between various anthropometric measures hamper identification of the characteristics that are biologically driving AF risk, and recent studies suggest that fat carries limited or no independent risk of AF. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess mutually adjusted associations among AF risk and height, weight, body mass index, hip and waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio, and bioelectrical impedance-derived measures of fat mass, lean body mass, and fat percentage...
May 23, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520811/body-shape-index-sex-specific-differences-in-predictive-power-for-all-cause-mortality-in-the-japanese-population
#6
Yuji Sato, Shouichi Fujimoto, Tsuneo Konta, Kunitoshi Iseki, Toshiki Moriyama, Kunihiro Yamagata, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Ichiei Narita, Masahide Kondo, Masato Kasahara, Yugo Shibagaki, Koichi Asahi, Tsuyoshi Watanabe
BACKGROUND: While body mass index (BMI) is the most widely used anthropometric measure, its association with all-cause mortality is generally J-shaped or U-shaped. A body shape index (ABSI) is a recently formulated anthropometric measure that shows linear relationship to all-cause mortality, especially in Caucasian cohorts. We aimed to address the relationship between ABSI and all-cause mortality in Asians and to assess the influence of sex difference and of chronic kidney disease (CKD) on this relationship...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511457/leptin-as-a-predictive-marker-in-unexplained-infertility-in-north-indian-population
#7
Pratibha Kumari, S P Jaiswar, Pushplata Shankhwar, Sujata Deo, Kalim Ahmad, Bushra Iqbal, A A Mahdi
INTRODUCTION: According to WHO, the primary infertility in India is about 3.9% (age-standardized to 25-49 year) and 16.8% (age-standardized to 15-49 year), using the "age but no birth" definition. Several factors which affect fertility include low sperm production in men, poor egg quality and blocked fallopian tubes in women and also hormonal imbalances. Leptin plays a critical role in women's reproduction and neuroendocrine health. It is used for treating exercise-induced bone loss, eating disorders and infertility...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509887/predictors-of-segmented-school-day-physical-activity-and-sedentary-time-in-children-from-a-northwest-england-low-income-community
#8
Sarah L Taylor, Whitney B Curry, Zoe R Knowles, Robert J Noonan, Bronagh McGrane, Stuart J Fairclough
Schools have been identified as important settings for health promotion through physical activity participation, particularly as children are insufficiently active for health. The aim of this study was to investigate the child and school-level influences on children's physical activity levels and sedentary time during school hours in a sample of children from a low-income community; Methods: One hundred and eighty-six children (110 boys) aged 9-10 years wore accelerometers for 7 days, with 169 meeting the inclusion criteria of 16 h∙day(-1) for a minimum of three week days...
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505378/overweight-and-abdominal-obesity-in-women-of-childbearing-age-of-russian-somali-and-kurdish-origin-and-the-general-finnish-population
#9
Tarja I Kinnunen, Natalia Skogberg, Tommi Härkänen, Annamari Lundqvist, Tiina Laatikainen, Päivikki Koponen
Background: Migrant background and higher parity may increase the risk of being overweight. We compared the prevalence of overweight (body mass index ≥25 kg/m2) and abdominal obesity (waist-to-height ratio ≥0.5) between non-pregnant migrant and Finnish women aged 18-45 years. Methods: The participants were 165 Russian, 164 Somali and 179 Kurdish origin women from the cross-sectional Migrant Health and Wellbeing study. The reference group included 388 women from the general Finnish population...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499134/digit-ratio-2d-4d-and-postoperative-pain-perception
#10
Anna Kasielska-Trojan, Piotr Stabryła, Bogusław Antoszewski
BACKGROUNDS: It has not been established whether sex differences in pain perception are influenced by prenatal sex hormones. Digit ratio as an indicator of prenatal hormone exposure can be used as a simple measure of the influence of prenatal hormones on pain sensitivity or perception in adulthood. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine a correlation between the 2D:4D ratio and pain perception in the postoperative period after rhinoplasty. METHOD: A prospective cohort study of 100 patients (50 women of the mean age of 30...
May 9, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493988/prediction-of-whole-body-fat-percentage-and-visceral-adipose-tissue-mass-from-five-anthropometric-variables
#11
Michelle G Swainson, Alan M Batterham, Costas Tsakirides, Zoe H Rutherford, Karen Hind
BACKGROUND: The conventional measurement of obesity utilises the body mass index (BMI) criterion. Although there are benefits to this method, there is concern that not all individuals at risk of obesity-associated medical conditions are being identified. Whole-body fat percentage (%FM), and specifically visceral adipose tissue (VAT) mass, are correlated with and potentially implicated in disease trajectories, but are not fully accounted for through BMI evaluation. The aims of this study were (a) to compare five anthropometric predictors of %FM and VAT mass, and (b) to explore new cut-points for the best of these predictors to improve the characterisation of obesity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486972/fitness-fatness-and-the-reallocation-of-time-between-children-s-daily-movement-behaviours-an-analysis-of-compositional-data
#12
Stuart J Fairclough, Dorothea Dumuid, Sarah Taylor, Whitney Curry, Bronagh McGrane, Gareth Stratton, Carol Maher, Timothy Olds
BACKGROUND: Movement behaviours performed over a finite period such as a 24 h day are compositional data. Compositional data exist in a constrained simplex geometry that is incongruent with traditional multivariate analytical techniques. However, the expression of compositional data as log-ratio co-ordinate systems transfers them to the unconstrained real space, where standard multivariate statistics can be used. This study aimed to use a compositional data analysis approach to examine the adiposity and cardiorespiratory fitness predictions of time reallocations between children's daily movement behaviours...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486480/exposure-to-preeclampsia-in-utero-affects-growth-from-birth-to-late-childhood-dependent-on-child-s-sex-and-severity-of-exposure-follow-up-of-a-nested-case-control-study
#13
Kristine Kjer Byberg, Knut Øymar, Geir Egil Eide, Michele R Forman, Pétur Benedikt Júlíusson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: An adverse intrauterine environment may affect offspring growth and development. Our aim was to explore whether preeclampsia (PE) exposure in utero influences growth from birth to 13 years. METHODS: In a nested case-control study, 229 children were exposed to PE (mild/moderate: n = 164, severe: n = 54) and 385 were unexposed. Length/height and weight were abstracted from records at birth, 3 and 6 months, 1 and 4 years, and measured along with waist circumference and skinfolds at follow-up at 11/12 (girls/boys) and 13 years (both sexes)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482420/-preliminary-analysis-of-lung-function-of-population-with-biofuel-smoke-exposure
#14
D X Zhao, S Y Chen, Y M Zhou, X C Li, S Liu, L Chen, J D Pu, P X Ran
Objective: To analyse the impaired lung functions of people with biofuel smoke exposure. Methods: Nonsmokers with biofuel smoke exposure were selected as research objects in a mountainous area of northern Guangdong where the families used biofuels as main energies and the nonsmokers without biofuel smoke exposure in the same area as control. Questionnaire interviews and spirometry tests were performed on all subjects. To analyse the differences of lung functions in both. Results: Seventy hundred and seventeen subjects were enro1led in this study...
May 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481907/relationship-between-anthropometric-parameters-and-open-angle-glaucoma-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#15
Jae Yeun Lee, Tae-Woo Kim, Hyun Tae Kim, Mi Yeon Lee, Hye Won Min, Yu Sam Won, Hyun Seok Kwon, Ki Ho Park, Joon Mo Kim
AIMS: To evaluate the relationships between open-angle glaucoma (OAG) and various anthropometric measurements. DESIGN: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), a population-based cross-sectional study using a complex, stratified, multistage, probability-cluster survey. METHODS: A total of 5,255 participants including 247 glaucoma patients, aged ≥ 19 years were included from the KNHANES V database. Glaucoma diagnosis was based on International Society of Geographical and Epidemiological Ophthalmology criteria...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481195/prevalence-of-fatty-liver-disease-and-hepatic-iron-overload-in-a-northeastern-german-population-by-using-quantitative-mr-imaging
#16
Jens-Peter Kühn, Peter Meffert, Christian Heske, Marie-Luise Kromrey, Carsten O Schmidt, Birger Mensel, Henry Völzke, Markus M Lerch, Diego Hernando, Julia Mayerle, Scott B Reeder
Purpose To quantify liver fat and liver iron content by measurement of confounder-corrected proton density fat fraction (PDFF) and R2* and to identify clinical associations for fatty liver disease and liver iron overload and their prevalence in a large-scale population-based study. Materials and Methods From 2008 to 2013, 2561 white participants (1336 women; median age, 52 years; 25th and 75th quartiles, 42 and 62 years) were prospectively recruited to the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP). Complex chemical shift-encoded magnetic resonance (MR) examination of the liver was performed, from which PDFF and R2* were assessed...
May 5, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473926/apolipoproteins-a-i-b-and-c-iii-and-obesity-in-young-adult-cherokee
#17
Wenyu Wang, Piers Blackett, Sohail Khan, Elisa Lee
Since young adult Cherokee are at increased risk for both diabetes and cardiovascular disease, we assessed association of apolipoproteins (A-I, B, and C-III in non-HDL and HDL) with obesity and related risk factors. Obese participants (BMI ≥ 30) aged 20-40 years (n = 476) were studied. Metabolically healthy obese (MHO) individuals were defined as not having any of four components of the ATP-III metabolic syndrome after exclusion of waist circumference, and obese participants not being MHO were defined as metabolically abnormal obese (MAO)...
2017: Journal of Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467383/polyphenol-levels-are-inversely-correlated-with-body-weight-and-obesity-in-an-elderly-population-after-5-years-of-follow-up-the-randomised-predimed-study
#18
Xiaohui Guo, Anna Tresserra-Rimbau, Ramón Estruch, Miguel A Martínez-González, Alexander Medina-Remón, Montserrat Fitó, Dolores Corella, Jordi Salas-Salvadó, Maria Puy Portillo, Juan J Moreno, Xavier Pi-Sunyer, Rosa M Lamuela-Raventós
Overweight and obesity have been steadily increasing in recent years and currently represent a serious threat to public health. Few human studies have investigated the relationship between polyphenol intake and body weight. Our aim was to assess the relationship between urinary polyphenol levels and body weight. A cross-sectional study was performed with 573 participants from the PREDIMED (Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea) trial (ISRCTN35739639). Total polyphenol levels were measured by a reliable biomarker, total urinary polyphenol excretion (TPE), determined by the Folin-Ciocalteu method in urine samples...
May 3, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466504/impact-of-nurse-led-behavioural-counselling-to-improve-metabolic-health-and-physical-activity-among-adults-with-mental-illness
#19
Sarah J Fraser, Wendy J Brown, Harvey A Whiteford, Nicola W Burton
The life expectancy of adults with mental illness is significantly less than that of the general population, and this is largely due to poor physical health. Behavioural counselling can improve physical health indicators among people with non-communicable disease. This repeated-measures, single-group intervention trial evaluated the effects of a 19-week behavioural counselling programme on metabolic health indicators and physical activity levels of outpatient adults with mental illness. Sixteen participants completed the intervention that comprised individual face-to-face counselling sessions with a registered nurse every 3 weeks, and progress reviews with a medical practitioner every 6 weeks...
May 2, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464999/light-coffee-consumption-is-protective-against-sarcopenia-but-frequent-coffee-consumption-is-associated-with-obesity-in-korean-adults
#20
Jeong-Hyeon Kim, Yong Soon Park
Few studies have examined the effects of coffee on body composition in the general population. In this cross-sectional study, we hypothesized that coffee consumption is protective against obesity and sarcopenia in Korean adults. The study included 6906 subjects aged ≥40 years who participated in the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2009-2010. Body composition was measured using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry, and obesity was determined according to the body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC)...
April 19, 2017: Nutrition Research
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