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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719789/waist-to-height-ratio-in-indian-women-comparison-with-traditional-indices-of-obesity-association-with-inflammatory-biomarkers-and-lipid-profile
#1
Sharvari Dilip Malshe, Shobha Anand Udipi
We compared waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) with traditional anthropometric indices in healthy women aged 21 to 45 years from urban slums of Mumbai city, India. Lipid profile and inflammatory markers were measured in a subsample of 200 women, and their relationship with WHtR was examined. Mean WHtR was 0.50 ± 0.1, but a little more than half (51.9%) of the women had WHtR ≥0.50. WHtR could correctly identify centrally obese adult women, even when they were categorized as healthy or normal according to body mass index, waist circumference, waist to hip ratio, and percentage body fat...
July 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715064/new-indexes-of-body-fat-distribution-vai-bai-whtr-and-metabolic-disturbances-in-obese
#2
Beata Jabłonowska-Lietz, Małgorzata Wrzosek, Marta Włodarczyk, Grażyna Nowicka
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between new obesity-related indexes, anthropometric and biochemical parameters and body composition in individuals with obesity. METHODS: The study group consisted of 72 women and 34 men aged 39.0 ± 5.9 years with a mean BMI of 32.6 ± 2.4 kg / m2, admitted for body weight reduction. In all participants body weight (BW), height, waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC), body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip-ratio (WHR), visceral adiposity index (VAI), body adiposity index (BAI), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) were assessed...
July 17, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712821/appropriate-anthropometric-indices-of-obesity-and-overweight-for-diagnosis-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-relationship-with-oxidative-stress
#3
Mehri Delvarianzadeh, Maryam Abbasian, Farideh Khosravi, Hossein Ebrahimi, Mohammad Hossein Ebrahimi, Mozhgan Fazli
AIMS: this study aimed to determine the most appropriate anthropometric indices for diagnosis of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its relationship with oxidative stress markers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 on 108 employees working in Shahroud University of Medical Sciences. Demographics, anthropometric indices (BMI: Body mass index; WC: Waist circumference, WHR: Waist hip ratio, WHtR: Waist-to-height Ratio), Mets: and Then oxidative stress markers (total antioxidant capacity; TAC, Malondialdehyde; MDA, serum superoxide dismutase; SOD, catalase; Cat) were measured...
July 8, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712370/beyond-scoring-systems-usefulness-of-morphometry-considering-demographic-variables-to-evaluate-neck-and-overall-obesity-in-andalusian-horses
#4
T Martin-Gimenez, C N Aguirre-Pascasio, I de Blas
Morphometry has proven to be a useful tool, both for the clinician and horse owners, for evaluating the body condition in equids due to its objectivity, easiness and capacity for detection of important metabolic disturbances. However, limited information is available on the use of morphometric ratios to characterize regional and overall adiposity and much less about their application in different genders, ages and horses with different levels of obesity. The objectives were to evaluate body and neck absolute measurements and ratios; factors affecting them such as the influence of gender, age, appearance of the neck crest and overall body condition and; relationships among these measurements...
July 17, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704699/comparison-of-the-ability-to-identify-arterial-stiffness-between-two-new-anthropometric-indices-and-classical-obesity-indices-in-chinese-adults
#5
Jia Zhang, Lizheng Fang, Lifeng Qiu, Lijuan Huang, Wenhua Zhu, Yunsong Yu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The association between anthropometric indices of body composition and arterial stiffness is inconclusive. The objective of this study was to examine the predictive ability of two new obesity indices: a body shape index (ABSI), and a body roundness index (BRI), for the identification of arterial stiffness among Chinese adults, as well as to compare the relative strength of association between the anthropometric indices and arterial stiffness. METHODS: A total of 10,197 subjects were recruited in this cross-sectional study...
June 16, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701188/tall-height-and-obesity-are-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-aggressive-prostate-cancer-results-from-the-epic-cohort-study
#6
Aurora Perez-Cornago, Paul N Appleby, Tobias Pischon, Konstantinos K Tsilidis, Anne Tjønneland, Anja Olsen, Kim Overvad, Rudolf Kaaks, Tilman Kühn, Heiner Boeing, Annika Steffen, Antonia Trichopoulou, Pagona Lagiou, Maria Kritikou, Vittorio Krogh, Domenico Palli, Carlotta Sacerdote, Rosario Tumino, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Antonio Agudo, Nerea Larrañaga, Elena Molina-Portillo, Aurelio Barricarte, Maria-Dolores Chirlaque, J Ramón Quirós, Pär Stattin, Christel Häggström, Nick Wareham, Kay-Tee Khaw, Julie A Schmidt, Marc Gunter, Heinz Freisling, Dagfinn Aune, Heather Ward, Elio Riboli, Timothy J Key, Ruth C Travis
BACKGROUND: The relationship between body size and prostate cancer risk, and in particular risk by tumour characteristics, is not clear because most studies have not differentiated between high-grade or advanced stage tumours, but rather have assessed risk with a combined category of aggressive disease. We investigated the association of height and adiposity with incidence of and death from prostate cancer in 141,896 men in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort...
July 13, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697745/using-lms-tables-to-determine-waist-circumference-and-waist-to-height-ratios-in-colombian-children-and-adolescents-the-fuprecol-study
#7
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Javier Moreno-Jiménez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Javier Martínez-Torres, Katherine González-Ruiz, Emilio González-Jiménez, Jacqueline Schmidt-RioValle, Felipe Lobelo, Antonio Garcia-Hermoso
BACKGROUND: Waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) are often used as indices predictive of central obesity. The aims of this study were: 1) to obtain smoothed centile charts and LMS tables for WC and WHtR among Colombian children and adolescents; 2) to evaluate the utility of these parameters as predictors of overweight and obesity. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted of a sample population of 7954 healthy Colombian schoolchildren [3460 boys and 4494 girls, mean age 12...
July 11, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690284/association-between-waist-to-height-ratio-and-endothelial-dysfunction-in-patients-with-morbidity%C3%A3-a-report-from-the-fmd-j-study
#8
Akihiro Tokushige, Shinichiro Ueda, Hirofumi Tomiyama, Mituru Ohishi, Takahide Kohro, Yukihito Higashi, Bonpei Takase, Toru Suzuki, Tomoko Ishizu, Tsutomu Yamazaki, Tomoo Furumoto, Kazuomi Kario, Teruo Inoue, Shinji Koba, Yasuhiko Takemoto, Takuzo Hano, Masataka Sata, Yutaka Ishibashi, Koichi Node, Koji Maemura, Yusuke Ohya, Taiji Furukawa, Hiroshi Ito, Akira Yamashina
BACKGROUND: Waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and body mass index (BMI) are known as easy anthropometric markers of abnormal obesity and screening tools for predicting cardiovascular outcomes, but which indices are best is unclear. We therefore investigated the superiority and association between each index and low flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) as a surrogate marker for cardiovascular outcomes in patients with morbidity in a large Japanese prospective cohort.Methods and Results:A total of 1,645 Japanese patients who had coronary artery disease and hypertension or diabetes mellitus were enrolled, and 1,087 of them were analyzed...
July 7, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688049/inter-relationship-of-serum-leptin-levels-with-selected-anthropometric-parameters-among-a-non-diabetic-population-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
K Anusha, U P K Hettiaratchi, L V Athiththan, P P R Perera
PURPOSE: Association between serum leptin levels and anthropometric parameter is well established in western countries according to the specific WHO cut-off values assigned for those populations, whereas it is not clearly defined for Asians especially with respect to gender. Thus, the objectives of this study were to determine the relationship of serum leptin levels with body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist to hip ratio (WHR) to identify the variations of serum leptin levels with gender and to evaluate the serum leptin levels in risk and non-risk groups based on their anthropometric values...
July 7, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684703/western-and-mediterranean-dietary-patterns-and-physical-activity-and-fitness-among-spanish-older-adults
#10
Maria Del Mar Bibiloni, Alicia Julibert, Emma Argelich, Raquel Aparicio-Ugarriza, Gonzalo Palacios, Antoni Pons, Marcela Gonzalez-Gross, Josep A Tur
Objectives: To assess prevailing food patterns, and its association with physical activity and fitness among Spanish older adults. Methods: Cross-sectional study in Spain, collecting data from a sample (n = 380; 54% female) aged 55-80 years (men) and 60-80 years (women) with no previously documented cardiovascular disease. Body weight, body fat and waist circumference were assessed. Physical activity performed was measured using the Minnesota Leisure-time Physical Activity Questionnaire (LTPA). Physical fitness was assessed using a validated physical fitness test battery...
July 6, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680647/accuracy-of-anthropometric-measurements-by-general-practitioners-in-overweight-and-obese-patients
#11
Paul Sebo, François R Herrmann, Dagmar M Haller
BACKGROUND: We recently showed that abdominal obesity measurements (waist and hip circumference, waist-to-hip ratio) were inaccurate when performed by general practitioners (GPs). We hypothesise that measurement error could be even higher in overweight and obese patients due to difficulty in locating anatomical landmarks. We aimed to estimate GPs' measurement error of general (weight, height and body mass index (BMI)) and abdominal obesity measurements across BMI subgroups. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 26 GPs in Geneva, Switzerland...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677023/erratum-to-comparison-of-body-mass-index-waist-circumference-and-waist-height-ratio-in-predicting-functional-outcome-following-ischemic-stroke
#12
Kyusik Kang, Wong-Woo Lee, Jung-Ju Lee, Jong-Moo Park, Ohyun Kwon, Byung Kun Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 4, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674600/effects-of-12-weeks-of-physical-training-on-body-composition-and-physical-fitness-in-military-recruits
#13
Leandra C B Campos, Fabio A D Campos, Thiago A R Bezerra, Ídico Luiz Pellegrinotti
The aim of this study was to analyze the morphological and functional changes in military recruits after twelve weeks of physical training. The sample consisted of 130 volunteer recruits aged 18-19 years. Anthropometric variables were assessed (body weight, height, body mass index, arm, waist, and hip circumference, waist/hip ratio, skinfold thickness of the triceps, suprailiac, and abdomen, and body fat percentage) and the sit-up test (1 minute), push-up test, and 12-minute running test. The physical training protocol involved running workouts, strength, agility, and flexibility...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669199/physical-activity-and-obesity-is-there-a-difference-in-association-between-the-asian-and-african-surinamese-adult-population
#14
Se-Sergio M Baldew, Frederieke S Diemer, Veronique Cornelissen, Glenn P Oehlers, Lizzy M Brewster, Jerry R Toelsie, Luc Vanhees
OBJECTIVE: The role of different physical activity (PA) characteristics, i.e. domain, duration and intensity in obesity prevention still requires investigation. Furthermore, ethnicity can modify the effect of PA on body composition. Therefore, we aim to describe the association between obesity and PA characteristics across the Asian- and African-Surinamese population, living in the capital of Suriname. DESIGN: Between February 2013 and July 2015, we included 1157 healthy subjects, 18-70 years, from the Healthy Life in Suriname (HELISUR) study...
July 1, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661960/longitudinal-study-of-the-influence-of-lung-function-on-vascular-health-from-adolescence-to-early-adulthood-in-a-british-multiethnic-cohort
#15
Yao Lu, Lum Sooky, Maria João Silva, Oarabile R Molaodi, Alexis Karamanos, J Kennedy Cruickshank, Seeromanie Harding
BACKGROUND: Vascular and lung function develop and decline over the life course; both predict cardiovascular events and mortality but little is known of how they develop over time. We analysed their relationship in a multiethnic cohort study to test whether lung function from early adolescence to young adulthood affected vascular indices. METHODS: 'DASH' (http://dash.sphsu.mrc.ac.uk) included 6643 children aged 11-13 years in 2003; a representative 10% sample (n = 665) participated in a pilot follow-up in 2013...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656151/effects-of-an-intensive-lifestyle-intervention-to-treat-overweight-obese-children-and-adolescents
#16
Claudia Ranucci, Roberto Pippi, Livia Buratta, Cristina Aiello, Vincenza Gianfredi, Natalia Piana, Elisa Reginato, Alberto Tirimagni, Emanuele Chiodini, Emilia Sbroma Tomaro, Alessio Gili, Pierpaolo De Feo, Carmine Fanelli, Claudia Mazzeschi
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study is to examine the effects of a multidisciplinary lifestyle intervention to treat overweight/obese children and adolescents. The main outcome was cardiometabolic risk based on the waist-to-height ratio (WHTR) measurement. Secondary outcomes were (1) changes in body composition; (2) adherence to a Mediterranean diet; and (3) physical performance. METHOD: The study involved 74 overweight/obese children or adolescents. The intervention was multidisciplinary including nutrition, exercise, and psychological aspects based on a family-based approach; it was delivered for six months for children and three months for adolescents...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643234/body-mass-disorders-in-healthy-short-children-and-in-children-with-growth-hormone-deficiency
#17
Paweł Tomaszewski, Katarzyna Milde, Anna Majcher, Beata Pyrżak, Gul Tiryaki-Sonmez, Brad J Schoenfeld
The aim of the study was to determine the degree of adiposity and the incidence of body mass disorders, including abdominal obesity, in healthy short children and children with growth hormone deficiency. The study included 134 short children (height < 10th percentile) aged 7-15. In this cohort there were 63 (31 boys and 32 girls) children without diagnosed hormonal disorders and 71 patients (35 boys and 36 girls) with growth hormone deficiency. Basic somatic features were assessed and the study participants were categorized according to the percentage of body fat (%FAT), body mass index (BMI), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR)...
June 23, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642222/risk-factors-for-head-injury-events-in-professional-rugby-union-a-video-analysis-of-464-head-injury-events-to-inform-proposed-injury-prevention-strategies
#18
Ross Tucker, Martin Raftery, Simon Kemp, James Brown, Gordon Fuller, Ben Hester, Matthew Cross, Ken Quarrie
OBJECTIVES: The tackle is responsible for the majority of head injuries during rugby union. In order to address head injury risk, risk factors during the tackle must first be identified. This study analysed tackle characteristics in the professional game in order to inform potential interventions. METHODS: 464 tackles resulting in a head injury assessment (HIA) were analysed in detail, with tackle type, direction, speed, acceleration, nature of head contact and player body position the characteristics of interest...
June 22, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640092/glucose-metabolism-of-visceral-adipose-tissue-measured-by-18f-fdg-pet-ct-is-related-to-the-presence-of-colonic-adenoma
#19
Hai-Jeon Yoon, Bom Sahn Kim, Ko Eun Lee, Chang Mo Moon, Jang Yoo, Jung-Sook Kim, Yemi Kim
This study investigated the relationships between the area and metabolic activity of adipose tissue and the presence of colorectal adenoma (CRA). Our institutional review board approved the study and waived informed consent. A total of 212 subjects who underwent fluorine 18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) and colonoscopy for routine health check-ups were enrolled. The volumetric parameters of areas of visceral (VATav), subcutaneous (SATav), and total adipose tissue (TATav) and calculated visceral-to-subcutaneous adipose tissue ratio (VSR) and visceral-to-total adipose tissue ratio (VAR) were considered...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632766/associations-between-anthropometric-parameters-and-lipid-profiles-in-chinese-individuals-with-age-%C3%A2-40-years-and-bmi-28kg-m2
#20
Zhi Yang, Xun Ding, Jiang Liu, Peng Duan, Lian Si, Binghua Wan, Ping Tu
BACKGROUND: Lipid abnormalities are associated with overweight and obesity. Some simple anthropometric measurements such as body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHpR), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), may link to increased risk of dyslipidemia. However, diverse results were found in different population studies. We focused on the associations between these measurements and dyslipidemia in non-obese (BMI <28kg/m2) population aged more than 40 years. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Cross-sectional study of 4185 non-obese adults aged more than 40 years was conducted in Nanchang, Jiangxi province, China...
2017: PloS One
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