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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820677/comparing-measures-of-general-and-abdominal-adiposity-as-predictors-of-blood-pressure-in-college-students
#1
Demetrius A Abshire, Gia Mudd-Martin, Debra K Moser, Terry A Lennie
OBJECTIVE: To compare anthropometric measures of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), and sagittal abdominal diameter (SAD) as predictors of blood pressure in college students. PARTICIPANTS: Students (N = 116) were recruited from November 2012 through May 2014 at an urban university and rural community colleges. METHODS: Students underwent a brief physical examination during which anthropometric measures were obtained and blood pressure was measured...
August 18, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804972/mendelian-randomisation-analysis-provides-no-evidence-for-a-relationship-between-adult-height-and-testicular-cancer-risk
#2
M Levy, D Hall, A Sud, P Law, K Litchfield, D Dudakia, T B Haugen, R Karlsson, A Reid, R A Huddart, T Grotmol, F Wiklund, R S Houlston, C Turnbull
Observational studies have suggested anthropometric traits, particularly increased height are associated with an elevated risk of testicular cancer (testicular germ cell tumour). However, there is an inconsistency between study findings, suggesting the possibility of the influence of confounding factors. To examine the association between anthropometric traits and testicular germ cell tumour using an unbiased approach, we performed a Mendelian randomisation study. We used genotype data from genome wide association studies of testicular germ cell tumour totalling 5518 cases and 19,055 controls...
August 13, 2017: Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800274/relationships-between-self-reported-asthma-and-pulmonary-function-and-various-measures-of-obesity
#3
Jaeeun Myung, Hyeain Lee, Tae Hyun Kim, Euna Han
OBJECTIVE: We explore the association with self-reported asthma and pulmonary function based on spirometry measurements using different measures to determine obesity because body mass index (BMI) is limited in not differentiating fat and muscle mass. METHODS: A multi-year cross-sectional study using Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data was conducted between July 2008 and May 2011. A total of 9409 subjects were included in the final analysis...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793914/performance-of-gout-definitions-for-genetic-epidemiological-studies-analysis-of-uk-biobank
#4
Murray Cadzow, Tony R Merriman, Nicola Dalbeth
BACKGROUND: Many different combinations of available data have been used to identify gout cases in large genetic studies. The aim of this study was to determine the performance of case definitions of gout using the limited items available in multipurpose cohorts for population-based genetic studies. METHODS: This research was conducted using the UK Biobank Resource. Data, including genome-wide genotypes, were available for 105,421 European participants aged 40-69 years without kidney disease...
August 9, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790836/evaluation-of-coronary-calcium-score-in-patients-with-normocalcemic-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#5
Patrícia Nunes Mesquita, Ana Paula Dornelas Leão Leite, Stella das Chagas Crisóstomo, Enio Veras Filho, Lucas da Cunha Xavier, Francisco Bandeira
RATIONALE: Given that the diagnosis of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is given at an increasingly less-symptomatic phase, and the literature data on the cardiovascular risk of patients with normocalcemic primary hyperparathyroidism (NPHPT) are controversial, the coronary calcium score (CCS), which is correlated with coronary artery disease, may be useful for clarifying the association between cardiovascular risk and NPHPT. OBJECTIVE: This research aims to describe the CCS and the clinical and laboratory variables of patients with NPHPT compared with a control group and to verify the presence of an association between NPHPT and CCS...
2017: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789915/association-of-general-and-abdominal-obesity-with-hypertension-dyslipidemia-and-prediabetes-in-the-predaps-study
#6
F Javier Sangrós, Jesús Torrecilla, Carolina Giráldez-García, Lourdes Carrillo, José Mancera, Teresa Mur, Josep Franch, Javier Díez, Albert Goday, Rosario Serrano, F Javier García-Soidán, Gabriel Cuatrecasas, Dimas Igual, Ana Moreno, J Manuel Millaruelo, Francisco Carramiñana, Manuel Antonio Ruiz, Francisco Carlos Pérez, Yon Iriarte, Ángela Lorenzo, María González, Beatriz Álvarez, Lourdes Barutell, M Soledad Mayayo, Mercedes Del Castillo, Emma Navarro, Fernando Malo, Ainhoa Cambra, Riánsares López, M Ángel Gutiérrez, Luisa Gutiérrez, Carmen Boente, J Javier Mediavilla, Luis Prieto, Luis Mendo, M José Mansilla, Francisco Javier Ortega, Antonia Borras, L Gabriel Sánchez, J Carlos Obaya, Margarita Alonso, Francisco García, Ángela Trinidad Gutiérrez, Ana M Hernández, Dulce Suárez, J Carlos Álvarez, Isabel Sáenz, F Javier Martínez, Ana Casorrán, Jazmín Ripoll, Alejandro Salanova, M Teresa Marín, Félix Gutiérrez, Jaime Innerárity, M Del Mar Álvarez, Sara Artola, M Jesús Bedoya, Santiago Poveda, Fernando Álvarez, M Jesús Brito, Rosario Iglesias, Francisca Paniagua, Pedro Nogales, Ángel Gómez, José Félix Rubio, M Carmen Durán, Julio Sagredo, M Teresa Gijón, M Ángeles Rollán, Pedro P Pérez, Javier Gamarra, Francisco Carbonell, Luis García-Giralda, J Joaquín Antón, Manuel de la Flor, Rosario Martínez, José Luis Pardo, Antonio Ruiz, Raquel Plana, Ramón Macía, Mercè Villaró, Carmen Babace, José Luis Torres, Concepción Blanco, Ángeles Jurado, José Luis Martín, Jorge Navarro, Gloria Sanz, Rafael Colas, Blanca Cordero, Cristina de Castro, Mercedes Ibáñez, Alicia Monzón, Nuria Porta, María Del Carmen Gómez, Rafael Llanes, J José Rodríguez, Esteban Granero, Manuel Sánchez, Juan Martínez, Patxi Ezkurra, Luis Ávila, Carlos de la Sen, Antonio Rodríguez, Pilar Buil, Paula Gabriel, Pilar Roura, Eduard Tarragó, Xavier Mundet, Remei Bosch, J Carles González, M Isabel Bobé, Manel Mata, Irene Ruiz, Flora López, Marti Birules, Oriol Armengol, Rosa Mar de Miguel, Laura Romera, Belén Benito, Neus Piulats, Beatriz Bilbeny, J José Cabré, Xavier Cos, Ramón Pujol, Mateu Seguí, Carmen Losada, A María de Santiago, Pedro Muñoz, Enrique Regidor
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Some anthropometric measurements show a greater capacity than others to identify the presence of cardiovascular risk factors. This study estimated the magnitude of the association of different anthropometric indicators of obesity with hypertension, dyslipidemia, and prediabetes (altered fasting plasma glucose and/or glycosylated hemoglobin). METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of information collected from 2022 participants in the PREDAPS study (baseline phase)...
August 5, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783531/comparison-of-relationships-between-four-common-anthropometric-measures-and-incident-diabetes
#7
Crystal Man Ying Lee, Mark Woodward, Nirmala Pandeya, Robert Adams, Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, Edward J Boyko, Mats Eliasson, Laercio J Franco, Wilfred Y Fujimoto, Clicerio Gonzalez, Barbara V Howard, David R Jacobs, Sirkka Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi, Dianna Magliano, Pamela Schreiner, Jonathan E Shaw, June Stevens, Anne Taylor, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Lynne Wagenknecht, Rachel R Huxley
AIMS: First, to conduct a detailed exploration of the prospective relations between four commonly used anthropometric measures with incident diabetes and to examine their consistency across different population subgroups. Second, to compare the ability of each of the measures to predict five-year risk of diabetes. METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis of individual participant data on body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-hip and waist-height ratio (WHtR) from the Obesity, Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease Collaboration...
July 22, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777805/relationship-between-alcohol-drinking-and-arterial-hypertension-in-indigenous-people-of-the-mura-ethnics-brazil
#8
Alaidistania Aparecida Ferreira, Zilmar Augusto Souza-Filho, Maria Jacirema F Gonçalves, Juliano Santos, Angela Maria G Pierin
OBJECTIVE: To identify the consumption of alcoholic beverage and the relation with hypertension, their prevalence and associated factors, in indigenous Mura, Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based study was conducted with 455 adult indigenous aged 18 years or more of Mura ethnics in Amazonia, Brazil. Interview was conducted and the alcohol intake was assessed by the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test. Blood pressure was measured in three measurements and the mean of the last two measurements was used...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776494/is-glycogenic-acanthosis-a-predictor-of-insulin-resistance-and-metabolic-syndrome
#9
Mustafa Tahtacı, Aylin Demirezer Bolat, Öykü Tayfur Yürekli, Hüseyin Köseoğlu, Murat Başaran, Sevil Özer Sarı, Osman Ersoy
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To evaluate the incidence of insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in patients with glycogenic acanthosis (GA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients with GA, detected upon endoscopy, and 30 age- and sex-matched control patients without GA were included in this case-control study. Patients with GA were considered group 1 and control group was considered group 2. Anthropometric measurements [height, weight, and waist circumference (WC)], biochemical parameters [fasting plasma glucose (FPG), triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL)], and serum fasting insulin levels were evaluated...
August 4, 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771440/association-between-urinary-phthalates-and-metabolic-abnormalities-in-obese-thai-children-and-adolescents
#10
Tansit Saengkaew, Chutima Jantarat, Wichit Nosoognoen, Vichit Supornsilchai
BACKGROUND: Several endocrine disruptors (including phthalates) are considered to be a cause of obesity. However, the current evidence has not conclusively established an association between phthalates and metabolic abnormalities, especially in children. The objective of the study was to evaluate the association between urinary phthalate metabolites and metabolic abnormalities in obese Thai children and adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional case-control study was conducted in participants aged 7-18 years and divided into two groups: normal weight and overweight/obesity...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770183/antidiabetic-effects-of-gastric-banding-surgery-in-morbidly-obese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#11
Yu-Jeng Kim, Ha-Neul Choi, Hong-Chan Lee, Jung-Eun Yim
This study was performed to investigate the effect of gastric banding surgery on the improvement of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) of morbidly obese (MO) patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with the consideration that obesity was associated with insulin resistance and T2DM. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 38 MO with T2DM patients and 50 MO patients. Pre-surgery and post-surgery data were analyzed a year later. The medical data from these patients, including sex, age, height, weight, body composition, HbA1c, triglyceride, total cholesterol, aspartate transaminase (AST), and alanine transaminase (ALT) were measured...
July 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767203/stress-related-changes-in-body-form-results-from-the-whitehall-ii-study
#12
Britta Kubera, Claudine Leonhard, Andreas Rößler, Achim Peters
OBJECTIVE: Stress is associated with body mass gain in some people but with body mass loss in others. When the stressor persists, some people adapt with their stress responses, whereas others do not. Heart rate variability (HRV) reflects autonomic variability and is related to stress responses to psychosocial challenges. It was hypothesized that the combined effects of stress exposure and autonomic variability predict long-term changes in body form. METHODS: Data of 1,369 men and 612 women from the Whitehall II cohort were analyzed...
August 2, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765778/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-individualized-nutrition-counseling-program-matched-with-a-transtheoretical-model-for-overweight-and-obese-females-in-thailand
#13
Sasipha Karintrakul, Jongjit Angkatavanich
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Effective weight reduction remains a challenge throughout the world as the prevalence of obesity and its consequences are increasing. This study aimed to determine the effects of an individualized nutrition counseling program (IC) matched with a transtheoretical model (TTM) for overweight and obese subjects. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Fifty overweight and obese subjects aged 19-60 years with a body mass index ≥ 23 kg/m(2) were enrolled in the weight reduction study...
August 2017: Nutrition Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764134/exposure-to-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-and-central-obesity-enhanced-risk-for-diabetes-among-individuals-with-poor-lung-function
#14
Jian Hou, Huizhen Sun, Xiji Huang, Yun Zhou, Youjian Zhang, Wenjun Yin, Tian Xu, Juan Cheng, Weihong Chen, Jing Yuan
Some studies have shown an association between obesity or exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and the risk of diabetes. This study aimed to investigate the interaction of obesity and urinary monohydroxy-PAHs (OH-PAHs) on diabetes. Individuals (n = 2716) were drawn from the baseline survey of the Wuhan-Zhuhai Cohort Study. They completed the physical examination, measurements of lung function, biochemical indices and urinary OH-PAHs levels. Additive effect of obesity and urinary ΣOH-PAHs levels on diabetes was assessed by calculating the relative excess risk due to interaction (RERI) and the attributable proportion (AP) due to interaction...
October 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761449/dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-diet-and-obesity-a-cross-sectional-study-of-iranian-children-and-adolescents
#15
Sahar Golpour-Hamedani, Noushin Mohammadifard, Alireza Khosravi, Awat Feizi, Sayyed Morteza Safavi
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the effects of dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) diet on obesity in children. The present study was conducted to examine adherence to the DASH diet in relation to obesity in children and adolescents, Isfahan, Iran. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out among 456 children aged 11-18 years who were selected by random cluster sampling method. Dietary intakes were assessed using a validated Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ)...
January 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761448/relationship-of-sodium-intake-with-obesity-among-iranian-children-and-adolescents
#16
Nahid Rafie, Noushin Mohammadifard, Alireza Khosravi, Awat Feizi, Sayyed Morteza Safavi
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence suggests a relationship between sodium (Na) intake and obesity risk. The aim of this study was to investigate the link between 24-hour (24-h) urinary Na excretion and adiposity measures in a sample of Iranian children and adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed among 374 healthy individuals aged 11-18 years old. Random cluster sampling method was used to select the participants from 4 districts in Isfahan, Iran...
January 2017: ARYA Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760420/association-between-24-h-urinary-sodium-excretion-and-obesity-in-korean-adults-a-multicenter-study
#17
Ga Eun Nam, Seon Mee Kim, Mi-Kyeong Choi, Young-Ran Heo, Tai-Sun Hyun, Eun-Soon Lyu, Se-Young Oh, Hae-Ryun Park, Hee-Kyong Ro, Kyungdo Han, Yeon Kyung Lee
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the association between sodium intake, as assessed by 24-h urinary sodium excretion, and various obesity parameters among South Korean adults. The associations of 24-h urinary sodium excretion and sodium intake calculated from the dietary questionnaire with obesity parameters also were compared. METHODS: This multicenter, cross-sectional study analyzed data of 640 healthy adults from eight provinces in South Korea...
September 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752385/the-population-based-prevalence-of-albuminuria-in-children
#18
Nicholas Larkins, Armando Teixeira-Pinto, Jonathan Craig
OBJECTIVES: To determine the population-based prevalence of albuminuria in Australian children and validate any negative correlation with body mass index (BMI). METHODS: Data from the Australian Health Survey 2011-2013 were used. This is a large-scale survey of the health of the Australian population, conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics, and uses a stratified, multistage area design with replicate weights attached to observations to allow for the derivation of accurate population estimates...
July 27, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751763/modifiable-risk-factors-in-the-first-1000-days-for-subsequent-risk-of-childhood-overweight-in-an-asian-cohort-significance-of-parental-overweight-status
#19
I M Aris, J Y Bernard, L-W Chen, M T Tint, W W Pang, S E Soh, S-M Saw, Lp-C Shek, K M Godfrey, P D Gluckman, Y-S Chong, F Yap, M S Kramer, Y S Lee
OBJECTIVE: Many studies have identified early-life risk factors for subsequent childhood overweight/obesity, but few have evaluated how they combine to influence risk of childhood overweight/obesity. We examined associations, individually and in combination, of potentially modifiable risk factors in the first 1000 days after conception with childhood adiposity and risk of overweight/obesity in an Asian cohort. METHODS: Six risk factors were examined: maternal pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity (body mass index (BMI) ⩾25 kg/m(2)), paternal overweight/obesity at 24 months post-delivery, maternal excessive gestational weight gain, raised maternal fasting glucose during pregnancy (⩾5...
July 28, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742086/predictive-models-for-estimating-visceral-fat-the-contribution-from-anthropometric-parameters
#20
Claudia Porto Sabino Pinho, Alcides da Silva Diniz, Ilma Kruze Grande de Arruda, Ana Paula Dornelas Leão Leite, Marina de Moraes Vasconcelos Petribú, Isa Galvão Rodrigues
BACKGROUND: Excessive adipose visceral tissue (AVT) represents an independent risk factor for cardiometabolic alterations. The search continues for a highly valid marker for estimating visceral adiposity that is a simple and low cost tool able to screen individuals who are highly at risk of being viscerally obese. The aim of this study was to develop a predictive model for estimating AVT volume using anthropometric parameters. OBJECTIVE: Excessive adipose visceral tissue (AVT) represents an independent risk factor for cardiometabolic alterations...
2017: PloS One
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