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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448582/comparison-of-multiple-obesity-indices-for-cardiovascular-disease-risk-classification-in-south-asian-adults-the-carrs-study
#1
Shivani A Patel, Mohan Deepa, Roopa Shivashankar, Mohammed K Ali, Deksha Kapoor, Ruby Gupta, Dorothy Lall, Nikhil Tandon, Viswanathan Mohan, M Masood Kadir, Zafar Fatmi, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, K M Venkat Narayan
BACKGROUND: We comparatively assessed the performance of six simple obesity indices to identify adults with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in a diverse and contemporary South Asian population. METHODS: 8,892 participants aged 20-60 years in 2010-2011 were analyzed. Six obesity indices were examined: body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-height ratio (WHtR), waist-hip ratio (WHR), log of the sum of triceps and subscapular skin fold thickness (LTS), and percent body fat derived from bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448093/overweight-and-abdominal-obesity-association-with-all-cause-and-cardiovascular-mortality-in-the-elderly-aged-80-and-over-a-cohort-study
#2
C N David, R B Mello, N M Bruscato, E H Moriguchi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between overweight and abdominal obesity with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in the elderly aged 80 and over. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. SETTING: A population-based study of community-dwelling very elderly adults in a city in southern Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: 236 very elderly adults, number that represents 85% of the population aged 80 and over living in the city in the period (mean age 83...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442927/mechanical-factors-and-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-schoolchildren-with-low-back-pain-biochemical-and-cross-sectional-survey-analysis
#3
Ahmad H Alghadir, Sami A Gabr, Einas S Al-Eisa
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the role of vitamin D, muscle fatigue biomarkers, and mechanical factors in the progression of low back pain (LBP) in schoolchildren. BACKGROUND: Children and adolescents frequently suffer from LBP with no clear clinical causes, and >71% of schoolchildren aged 12-17 years will show at least one episode of LBP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 250 schoolchildren aged 12-16 years were randomly enrolled in this study...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442284/fitness-fatness-index-and-alzheimer-specific-mortality
#4
Emily Frith, Paul D Loprinzi
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the specific association between a Fitness Fat Index (FFI) and Alzheimer's-specific mortality among a national sample of the broader U.S. adult population. METHODS: FFI was calculated as cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) divided by waist-to-height ratio (WHR). Data from the 1999-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used to identify 16,146 participants, ages 20-85. Data from participants in these cycles were linked to death certificate data from the National Death Index...
April 22, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441693/sex-differences-in-fat-distribution-influence-the-association-between-bmi-and-arterial-stiffness
#5
Inge C L van den Munckhof, Suzanne Holewijn, Jacqueline de Graaf, Joost H W Rutten
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The increase in arterial stiffness in patients with the metabolic syndrome is strongly related to the amount of visceral adipose tissue. In clinical practice, anthropometric measurements such as BMI and waist circumference are commonly used to assess general and abdominal adiposity. Waist circumference is a composite measure of subcutaneous and visceral abdominal adipose tissue. As the distribution of intra-abdominal fat differs between men and women, we investigated the sex-specific associations between different anthropometric measures for general and abdominal obesity with arterial stiffness...
June 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440984/-findrisc-test-relationship-between-cardiovascular-risk-parameters-and-scales-in-spanish-mediterranean-population
#6
Ángel Arturo López-González, Sheila García-Agudo, Matías Tomás-Salvá, María Teófila Vicente-Herrero, Milagros Queimadelos-Carmona, Irene Campos-González
BACKGROUND: The Finnish Diabetes Risk Score (FINDRISC) questionnaire has been used to assess the risk of type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome. The objetive was to assess the relationship between different scales related to cardiovascular risk and FINDRISC questionnaire. METHODS: Values of different anthropometric and clinical parameters (body mass index, waist circumference, waist to height ratio, blood pressure), analytical parameters (lipid profile, blood glucose) and scales related to cardiovascular risk (atherogenic index, metabolic syndrome, REGICOR, SCORE, heart age and vascular age) were determined on the basis of the value of the FINDRISC questionnaire...
May 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435445/cardiometabolic-risk-factors-metabolic-syndrome-and-pre-diabetes-in-adolescents-in-the-sierra-region-of-ecuador
#7
Sharon L Casapulla, Cheryl A Howe, Gabriela Rosero Mora, Darlene Berryman, Mario J Grijalva, Edgar W Rojas, Masato Nakazawa, Jay H Shubrook
BACKGROUND: Excess weight (overweight and obesity) is the major modifiable risk factor for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and other non-communicable diseases. However, excess weight may not be as predictive of diabetes risk as once thought. While excess weight and other obesity-related non-communicable diseases are of growing concern in low-middle income countries in Latin America, there is limited research on risk factors associated with T2DM in adolescents. This study investigated prevalence of overweight, obesity, prediabetes, diabetes and metabolic syndrome in adolescents in Ecuador...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431549/household-food-insecurity-is-associated-with-abdominal-but-not-general-obesity-among-iranian-children
#8
Fateme Jafari, Simin Ehsani, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Mahmood Noori-Shadkam, Amin Salehi-Abargouei
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is increasing all over the world. Food insecurity is mentioned as a possible risk factor; however, previous studies have led to inconsistent results in different societies while data are lacking for the Middle East. We aimed to investigate the relationship between food insecurity and general or abdominal obesity in Iranian children in a cross-sectional study. METHODS: Anthropometric data including height, weight, and waist circumference were measured by trained nutritionists...
April 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429895/interleukin-6-and-resistin-in-relation-to-anthropometric-measurements-in-school-children
#9
Carolina Del Pilar Escalona-Villasmil, Jorymar Yoselyn Leal-Montiel, Pablo Antonio Ortega-Fernindez, Carlos Javier Chavez
The worldwide prevalence of childhood obesity has increased greatly over the past three decades. The increasing occurrence in children of disorders, such as type 2 diabetes, is believed to be a consequence of this obesity epidemic. Although the precise mechanisms are still unclear, dysregulated production or secretion of adipokines caused by excess adipose tissue and adipose tissue dysfunction can contribute to the development of obesity-related me- tabolic diseases. The objective of the study was to determine the serum levels of interleukin-6 and resistin in relation to anthropometric measurements in school children...
June 2016: Investigación Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427375/relation-between-metabolic-syndrome-and-body-compositions-among-chinese-adolescents-and-adults-from-a-large-scale-population-survey
#10
Tao Xu, Junting Liu, Junxiu Liu, Guangjin Zhu, Shaomei Han
BACKGROUND: Few nationally representative surveys regarding body composition and metabolic syndrome (MetS) have been done in a large-scale representative Chinese population to explore the prediction of body composition indicators for MetS. The objective of this study was to examine the relation of body composition and MetS and to determine the optimal cut-off values of body composition indicators that predict MetS in a large representative Chinese sample based on multiple provinces and ethnicities, covering a broad age range from 10 to 80 years old...
April 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421337/glucose-independent-association-of-adiposity-and-diet-composition-with-cardiovascular-risk-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#11
Claudio Maffeis, Elena Fornari, Anita Morandi, Claudia Piona, Francesca Tomasselli, Mara Tommasi, Marco Marigliano
AIMS: To test the hypothesis that diet composition, adiposity and glycometabolic control could independently contribute to an increase in the cardiovascular risk (CVR) for children/adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D). METHODS: One hundred and eighty children/adolescents with T1D (age range 5-18 years) were enrolled. Diet (3-day weighed dietary record), physical (height, weight, waist circumference, bioelectrical impedance analysis) and biochemical (HbA1c, lipid profile) parameters were recorded...
April 18, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420999/functional-high-intensity-circuit-training-improves-body-composition-peak-oxygen-uptake-strength-and-alters-certain-dimensions-of-quality-of-life-in-overweight-women
#12
Billy Sperlich, Birgit Wallmann-Sperlich, Christoph Zinner, Valerie Von Stauffenberg, Helena Losert, Hans-Christer Holmberg
The effects of circuit-like functional high-intensity training (CircuitHIIT) alone or in combination with high-volume low-intensity exercise (Circuitcombined) on selected cardio-respiratory and metabolic parameters, body composition, functional strength and the quality of life of overweight women were compared. In this single-center, two-armed randomized, controlled study, overweight women performed 9-weeks (3 sessions·wk(-1)) of either CircuitHIIT (n = 11), or Circuitcombined (n = 8). Peak oxygen uptake and perception of physical pain were increased to a greater extent (p < 0...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420918/the-role-of-psychological-eating-styles-in-obesity-among-turkish-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Nalan Hakime Nogay
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between eating behaviours and adiposity indicators including body mass index, waist-hip ratio and waist-height ratio in adolescents. METHODS: This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted at Kirklareli University Health College, Kirklareli, Turkey, from April to June 2014, and comprised students of the 2013-14 academic year. Height and weight were measured and students' body mass indexes were calculated. Waist and hip circumferences were measured...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419243/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-pubertal-induction-using-17beta-estradiol-in-transgirls
#14
Sabine E Hannema, Sebastian E E Schagen, Peggy T Cohen-Kettenis, Henriette A Delemarre-van de Waal
Introduction.: Puberty suppression using GnRH agonists, followed by induction of desired sex characteristics using sex steroids, is recommended by current guidelines as the treatment of choice for gender dysphoric adolescents although little evidence is available. Aim.: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of estrogen treatment for pubertal induction in transgirls (female-identifying adolescents assigned male at birth). Methods.: 28 Adolescents treated with oral estrogen for at least 1 year were included...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413997/differences-in-meal-patterns-and-timing-with-regard-to-central-obesity-in-the-anibes-anthropometric-data-macronutrients-and-micronutrients-intake-practice-of-physical-activity-socioeconomic-data-and-lifestyles-in-spain-study
#15
Aránzazu Aparicio, Elena E Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Marcela González-Gross, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras, Rosa Maria Ortega
OBJECTIVE: To study the association of meal patterns and timing with central obesity to identify the best dietary strategies to deal with the increasing obesity prevalence. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study performed on data from a representative sample of the Spanish population. Height and waist circumference were measured using standardized procedures and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) was calculated. The sample was divided into those without central obesity (WHtR<0·5) and those with central obesity (WHtR≥0·5)...
April 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413425/association-of-retinol-binding-protein-4-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-first-degree-relatives-of-type-2-diabetic-patients
#16
Marjan Tabesh, Atsa Noroozi, Masood Amini, Awat Feizi, Sahar Saraf-Bank, Maryam Zare
BACKGROUND: Retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) is known to regulate lipid and glucose metabolism and insulin resistance. The influences of RBP4 on metabolic syndrome (MS) are still unclear. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the association between serum levels of RBP4 and MS components in first-degree relations of type 2 diabetic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed within the framework of the diabetes prevention project in Isfahan...
2017: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409494/association-between-metabolically-healthy-central-obesity-in-women-and-levels-of-soluble-receptor-for-advanced-glycation-end-products-soluble-vascular-adhesion-protein-1-and-the-activity-of-semicarbazide-sensitive-amine-oxidase
#17
Ivana Koborová, Radana Gurecká, Melinda Csongová, Katarína Volkovová, Éva Szökő, Tamás Tábi, Katarína Šebeková
AIM: To determine the levels of circulating soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE), as a biomarker of risk of metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular disease development in centrally obese (CO) women considered metabolically healthy (COH) in comparison with those metabolically unhealthy (COU). METHODS: 47 lean healthy, 17 COH (presenting waist-to-height ratio ≥0.5 but not elevated blood pressure, atherogenic lipid profile, and insulin resistance), and 50 COU (CO presenting ≥2 risk factors) women aged 40-45 years were included...
April 14, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407795/the-association-between-self-rated-health-and-different-anthropometric-and-body-composition-measures-in-the-chinese-population
#18
Kun Tang, Yingxi Zhao, Chunyan Li
BACKGROUND: To analyze the strength of association between self-rated health and six anthropometric and body composition measures to explore the best indicator. METHODS: Analyses were based on the cross-sectional data from the China Kadoorie Biobank Study and approximately 300,000 adults were analyzed. Logistics regression was used to analyze the association between self-rated health (good or poor) and anthropometric and body composition measures (height, weight, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC) and body fat percentage, waist-to-hip ratio and waist-to-height ratio)...
April 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407234/mediterranean-diet-decreases-adolescent-waist-circumference
#19
Flora Bacopoulou, Georgios Landis, Anastasios Rentoumis, Artemis Tsitsika, Vasiliki Efthymiou
BACKGROUND: To explore the effects of a multicomponent-multilevel school-based educational intervention on the nutritional habits and abdominal obesity indices of a representative adolescent sample. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A representative sample of 1,610 adolescents aged 12-17 years in 23 public high schools of three municipalities in the Attica region in Greece, participated in a program funded by the European Union (August 2013-August 2014). Participants underwent dietary assessment with the use of the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index in children and adolescents (KIDMED), blood pressure assessment and screening for general and abdominal obesity by measuring body mass index, waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), at baseline and following a six-month school-based intervention...
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400459/investigating-the-relationship-between-precocious-puberty-and-obesity-a-cross-sectional-study-in-shanghai-china
#20
Chang Chen, Yunting Zhang, Wanqi Sun, Yao Chen, Yanrui Jiang, Yuanjin Song, Qinmin Lin, Lixia Zhu, Qi Zhu, Xiumin Wang, Shijian Liu, Fan Jiang
OBJECTIVES: Obesity is reported to be closely relevant to early sexual development but the relationship between sexual precocity and obesity or central obesity is still inconsistent, especially in boys. We aimed to investigate the relationship between precocious puberty and obesity as well as central obesity. DESIGN: A large population-based cross-sectional study using multistage, stratified cluster random sampling. SETTING: Data from the Shanghai Children's Health, Education and Lifestyle Evaluation (SCHEDULE) study in June 2014...
April 11, 2017: BMJ Open
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