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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144884/adiposity-and-asthma-in-a-nationwide-study-of-children-and-adults-in-the-united-states
#1
Erick Forno, Yueh-Ying Han, Ingrid M Libman, Radhika H Muzumdar, Juan C Celedón
RATIONALE: While obesity has been associated with asthma, body mass index (BMI) is suboptimal to fully characterize adiposity. OBJECTIVES: We examined the relation between adiposity and asthma in a large sample of the U.S. population, using indices defined by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). METHODS: We analyzed data from 8,886 children (aged 8-19 years) and 12,795 adults (aged 20-69 years) from the 2001-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
November 16, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143718/prediction-of-a-new-body-shape-index-and-body-adiposity-estimator-for-development-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-the-rural-chinese-cohort-study
#2
Chengyi Han, Yu Liu, Xizhuo Sun, Xinping Luo, Lu Zhang, Bingyuan Wang, Yongcheng Ren, Junmei Zhou, Yang Zhao, Dongdong Zhang, Xuejiao Liu, Ming Zhang, Dongsheng Hu
To compare the ability of a body shape index (ABSI) and body adiposity estimator (BAE) to BMI, waist circumference (WC) and waist:height ratio (WHtR) for predicting development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in rural adult Chinese. The prospective cohort study included 11 687 eligible participants who were free of T2DM at baseline. The risk of new-onset T2DM for ABSI, BAE, BMI, WC and WHtR quintiles was estimated by Cox proportional-hazards regression at follow-up. We also compared the power of ABSI and BAE to BMI, WC and WHtR for predicting the development of T2DM...
November 16, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141331/-correlation-between-percentage-of-body-fat-and-simple-anthropometric-parameters-in-children-aged-6-9-years-in-guangzhou
#3
H C Yan, Y T Hao, Y F Guo, Y H Wei, J H Zhang, G P Huang, L M Mao, Z Q Zhang
Objective: To evaluate the accuracy of simple anthropometric parameters in diagnosing obesity in children in Guangzhou. Methods: A cross-sectional study, including 465 children aged 6-9 years, was carried out in Guangzhou. Their body height and weight, waist circumference (WC) and hip circumference were measured according to standard procedure. Body mass index (BMI), waist to hip ratio (WHR) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) were calculated. Body fat percentage (BF%) was determined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136711/-the-optimal-cutoff-value-of-waist-to-height-ratio-in-chinese-based-on-cardiovascular-risk-and-metabolic-disease
#4
A H Jia, S Y Xu, J Ming, J Zhou, W C Zhang, P R Hao, Q H Ji
Objective: Waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), a measurement of the distribution of body fat, correlated with abdominal obesity indicating that it might be a better predictor of cardiovascular risk and metabolic disease. We, therefore, evaluated optimal WHtR cutoff points according to the risk of framingham risk score (FRS) and metabolic syndrome (MS) in Chinese. Methods: The subjects were from China National Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders Survey during 2007-2008. Receiver operating characteristic analysis was used to examine the optimal cutoff values of WHtR according to the risk of FRS and MS...
November 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134974/differences-in-physical-physiological-and-motor-performance-traits-between-volleyball-and-basketball-athletes-in-a-university-in-ghana
#5
A Obour, M O Moses, B Baffour-Awuah, B Asamoah, P K Sarpong, F Osei, L G Akwa, E J Appiah
Physical, physiological and motor performance traits play substantial role in both volleyball (VB) and basketball(BB) competitions. The differences in these traits among University athletes in Ghana have not been reported. Hence, thisstudy documents and compares the physical, physiological and motor performance traits of VB and BB university athletes.Purposive sampling technique involving thirty-five university athletes (24 males and 11 females) with mean age of 21.77 ±2.03years was used. Height, weightn, waist and hip circumferences, waist to hip ratio (WHR), body mass index (BMI), heartrate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP), shoulder muscular endurance (SME), abdominal muscular endurance (AME), left and right Arm Strength, Leg Power, Reaction time, Agility and Speed traits were measured...
June 30, 2017: Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences: Official Publication of the Physiological Society of Nigeria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130700/-dissatisfaction-with-body-image-and-its-relation-to-nutritional-status-cardiometabolic-risk-and-cardiorespiratory-capacity-in-public-school-children
#6
Pedro Antonio Delgado Floody, Cristian Martínez Salazar, Felipe Caamaño Navarrete, Daniel Jerez Mayorga, Aldo Osorio Poblete, Felipe García Pinillos, Pedro Latorre Román
INTRODUCTION: The increase in abdominal fat and excess weight are related to dissatisfaction with body image, which nowadays is highly prevalent nationally and internationally. AIM: The purpose of the study was to relate dissatisfaction levels to body image, nutritional status, cardiometabolic risk and cardiorespiratory capacity in pre-adolescent students. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three hundred and thirty-nine students participated in the study, 165 girls (11...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130294/food-insecurity-increases-the-odds-of-obesity-among-iranian-women-a-population-based-study-of-northwestern-iran
#7
Leila Nikniaz, Jafar S Tabrizi, Homayoun Sadeghi-Bazargani, Mostafa Farahbakhsh, Zeinab Nikniaz
AIM: The main objective of the present study was to evaluate the association between obesity and food security status. The sample comprised of Iranian adults with an age range of 15-64 years. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study (n = 1277), the short form of the Household Food Security Scale was used to determine food security status. Height, weight and waist and hip circumferences were measured, and body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, waist-to-height ratio and conicity index (CI) were also calculated...
November 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127769/relation-between-circulating-oxidized-ldl-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-children-with-obesity-the-role-of-hypertriglyceridemic-waist-phenotype
#8
Valeria Calcaterra, Rachele De Giuseppe, Ginevra Biino, Melissa Mantelli, Sonia Marchini, Giulia Bendotti, Alexandra Madè, Maria Antonietta Avanzini, Chiara Montalbano, Gianguido Cossellu, Daniela Larizza, Hellas Cena
BACKGROUND: The association between oxidative stress (OS) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been reported in adults. We analyzed the relation between circulating oxidized low-density lipoproteins (Ox-LDL) and MetS in pediatric ages in order to define whether plasma Ox-LDL levels are correlated to obesity and whether oxidative damage, using serum Ox-LDL levels as a proxy, are associated with MetS. METHODS: We enrolled 178 children (11.8±2.6 years). On the basis of a body mass index (BMI) threshold, the subjects were classified as: normal weight BMI <75th percentile; overweight BMI 75-97th percentile; obese BMI >97th percentile...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124045/dietary-diversity-score-and-its-related-factors-among-employees-of-kermanshah-university-of-medical-sciences
#9
Seyed Mostafa Nachvak, Hadi Abdollahzad, Roghayeh Mostafai, Shima Moradi, Yahya Pasdar, Mansour Rezaei, Soudabeh Esksndari
Dietary diversity score (DDS) is known as an indicator of food quality. Dietary diversity can promote health status. The aim of this study was determined DDS and its related factors in Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (KUMS) employees. This cross-sectional study was conducted on 190 employees of KUMS in 2015. According to the population of KUMS centers which were selected randomly (Paramedical, Public Health faculties, Imam Reza Hospital and province health center), subjects were selected by convenience sampling method...
October 2017: Clinical Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122344/obesity-mediated-the-association-of-exposure-to-polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbon-with-risk-of-cardiovascular-events
#10
Wenjun Yin, Jian Hou, Tian Xu, Juan Cheng, Pei Li, Lin Wang, Youjian Zhang, Xian Wang, Chen Hu, Cheng Huang, Zhiqiang Yu, Jing Yuan
Exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) could cause high blood pressure (BP) and increased risk for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). However, the mechanisms underlying the relationship between them were unclear. We investigated potential mediation effect of obesity on the association of exposure to PAHs with high BP and increased risk for ASCVD. In the repeated measures study, 106 community-dwelling residents in Wuhan, China finished the physical examination in the winter and summer seasons, eight urinary PAHs metabolites were measured...
November 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117621/gender-differences-in-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-metabolically-healthy-normal-weight-adults-with-central-obesity
#11
Katarína Šebeková, Melinda Csongová, Radana Gurecká, Zora Krivošíková, Jozef Šebek
We investigated whether metabolically healthy normal weight adults with central obesity display worse cardiometabolic profile compared with their centrally lean counterparts. This retrospective, cross-sectional study, comprised 1 135 subjects (64% females) aged 18-to-81 years, presenting ≤2 components of metabolic syndrome. They were classified as centrally lean (waist-to-height ratio (WHtR)<0.5 and waist circumference<80 cm in females and<94 cm in males) or presenting central obesity (WHtR ≥0...
November 8, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116305/evaluation-of-waist-to-height-ratio-as-a-predictor-of-insulin-resistance-in-non-diabetic-obese-individuals-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Giovana Jamar, Flávio Rossi de Almeida, Antonio Gagliardi, Marianna Ribeiro Sobral, Chao Tsai Ping, Evandro Sperandio, Marcelo Romiti, Rodolfo Arantes, Victor Zuniga Dourado
BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance (IR) and progressive pancreatic β-cell dysfunction have been identified as the two fundamental features in the pathogenesis of obesity and non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. We aimed to investigate correlations between anthropometric indices of obesity and IR in non-diabetic obese individuals, and the cutoff value from receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted in a private clinic...
November 6, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116126/development-of-multivariable-models-to-predict-change-in-body-mass-index-within-a-clinical-trial-population-of-psychotic-individuals
#13
Rebecca N S Harrison, Fiona Gaughran, Robin M Murray, Sang Hyuck Lee, Jose Paya Cano, David Dempster, Charles J Curtis, Danai Dima, Hamel Patel, Simone de Jong, Gerome Breen
Many antipsychotics promote weight gain, which can lead to non-compliance and relapse of psychosis. By developing models that accurately identify individuals at greater risk of weight gain, clinicians can make informed treatment decisions and target intervention measures. We examined clinical, genetic and expression data for 284 individuals with psychosis derived from a previously published randomised controlled trial (IMPACT). These data were used to develop regression and classification models predicting change in Body Mass Index (BMI) over one year...
November 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115154/predictive-capacity-and-cutoff-value-of-waist-to-height-ratio-in-the-incidence-of-metabolic-syndrome
#14
Manuel Romero-Saldaña, Francisco J Fuentes-Jiménez, Manuel Vaquero-Abellán, Carlos Álvarez-Fernández, María Dolores Aguilera-López, Guillermo Molina-Recio
The purpose of this study was to compare the predictive ability of waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) compared with other anthropometric indicators in the incidence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and to propose cutoff values for its early detection in nursing practice. A longitudinal cohort study was conducted on a sample of 630 workers (137 exposed and 493 nonexposed), free of MetS at baseline. WHtR was compared with body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and the percentage of body fat (BF%). In the Cox regression, the adjusted values of hazard ratio (HR) were 5...
November 1, 2017: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111289/-oxygen-peak-consumption-is-a-better-predictor-of-cardiovascular-risk-than-handgrip-strength-in-older-chilean-women
#15
Claudio Farías-Valenzuela, Cristian Pérez-Luco, Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo, Cristian Álvarez, Mauricio Castro-Sepúlveda
BACKGROUND: Handgrip strength (HS) and peak oxygen consumption (Vo2peak) are powerful predictors of cardiovascular risk, although it is unknown which of the two variables is the better predictor. AIM: The objective of the following study was to relate HS and Vo2peak to cardiovascular risk markers in older Chilean women. METHODS: Physically active adult women (n=51; age, 69±4.7years) participated in this study. The HS and Vo2peak were evaluated and related to the anthropometric variables of body mass, body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC), waist ratio (WR), and waist height ratio (WHR), as well as with the cardiovascular variables systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) and cardiac recovery in one minute (RHR1)...
October 27, 2017: Revista Española de Geriatría y Gerontología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108814/waist-to-height-ratio-and-sedentary-lifestyle-as-predictors-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-children-in-ecuador
#16
F Aguirre P, A Coca, M F Aguirre, G Celis
OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictors and prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) and the presence of vascular inflammation in apparently-normal children (10-15 years) of both sexes in Guayaquil, Ecuador. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We included 395 apparently-healthy students from a middle-income school in a cross-sectional survey. Informed consent was obtained from students and parents. Anthropometric measurements including blood pressure (BP), body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), and blood tests were recorded...
November 3, 2017: Hipertensión y Riesgo Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094434/autonomy-supportive-web-based-lifestyle-modification-for-cardiometabolic-risk-in-postmenopausal-women-randomized-trial
#17
Hye-Ryoung Kim, Hee-Seung Kim
The management of cardiometabolic risk factors, such as abdominal obesity, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and hyperglycemia, is essential for the health of postmenopausal women. In this study, we identified the effects of autonomy-supportive, Web-based lifestyle modification for the management cardiometabolic risk of postmenopausal women, and assessed the mediation effect of intrinsic motivation. This study was a randomized trial involving 71 postmenopausal Korean women. For the intervention group, we provided the Web-based autonomy supports for 12 weeks; however, for the control group, individual consultations on healthy lifestyle was conducted at the first meeting...
November 2, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080978/height-and-body-fatness-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-an-update-of-the-wcrf-aicr-systematic-review-of-published-prospective-studies
#18
REVIEW
Leila Abar, Ana Rita Vieira, Dagfinn Aune, Jakub G Sobiecki, Snieguole Vingeliene, Elli Polemiti, Christophe Stevens, Darren C Greenwood, Doris S M Chan, Sabrina Schlesinger, Teresa Norat
PURPOSE: There is no published dose-response meta-analysis on the association between height and colorectal cancer risk (CRC) by sex and anatomical sub-site. We conducted a meta-analysis of prospective studies on the association between height and CRC risk with subgroup analysis and updated evidence on the association between body fatness and CRC risk. METHODS: PubMed and several other databases were searched up to November 2016. A random effects model was used to calculate dose-response summary relative risks (RR's)...
October 28, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079909/maximum-lifetime-body-mass-index-is-the-appropriate-predictor-of-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis
#19
Sabine Patricia Singer, Dietmar Dammerer, Martin Krismer, Michael C Liebensteiner
INTRODUCTION: In light of inconsistencies in the literature, this study aimed to investigate the relationship between obesity (current and historic) and osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee or hip. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined 99 people (knee OA, hip OA and controls), age > 50 years, in a case-control study. The current weight, height and waist circumference were measured on site, and detailed weight changes over their lifetime were based on questionnaires and standardized interviews...
October 27, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071251/a-study-on-the-prevalence-of-risk-factors-for-diabetes-and-hypertension-among-school-children-in-majmaah-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#20
Ahmed Syed Meraj, Mansour Mohammed Al
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of risk factors for diabetes and hypertension in Saudi school children has achieved epidemic proportions because of enriched lifestyles. The aim of this study is to conduct a baseline study of such risk factors in a young population at the cusp of high-end technology and material comfort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was done among school children using parental assisted self-questionnaires and anthropometric assessment of their vital statistics...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Public Health Research
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