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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775746/anthropometric-measurements-and-mortality-in-frail-older-adults
#1
Jonathan F Easton, Christopher R Stephens, Heriberto Román-Sicilia, Matteo Cesari, Mario Ulises Pérez-Zepeda
BACKGROUND: As the number of older adults increases, so does the number of frail older adults. Although anthropometry has been widely used as a way to stratify the overall mortality risk of a person, the significance of these measurements becomes blurred in the case of frail older adults who have changes in body composition. Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine the association of anthropometric measurements (body mass index, knee-adjusted height body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio and calf circumference) with mortality risk in a group of older Mexican adults...
May 15, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773697/which-anthropometric-measures-best-indicate-type-2-diabetes-among-russian-somali-and-kurdish-origin-migrants-in-finland-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Natalia Skogberg, Tiina Laatikainen, Annamari Lundqvist, Eero Lilja, Tommi Härkänen, Päivikki Koponen
OBJECTIVES: To compare the performance of body mass index (BMI), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) in detecting type 2 diabetes among Russian, Somali and Kurdish (born in Iraq/Iran) origin migrants and Finns. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional study comparing health examination survey data of Russian, Somali and Kurdish origin migrants (n=917) aged 30-64 years who took part in the Migrant Health and Wellbeing Survey with the general Finnish population in the Health 2011 Survey (n=887)...
May 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772342/is-local-or-central-adiposity-more-strongly-associated-with-incident-knee-osteoarthritis-than-the-body-mass-index-in-men-or-women
#3
Adam G Culvenor, David T Felson, Wolfgang Wirth, Torben Dannhauer, Felix Eckstein
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether central (abdominal) or peripheral (thigh) adiposity measures are associated with incident radiographic knee osteoarthritis (RKOA) independent of body mass index (BMI) and whether their relation to RKOA was stronger than that of BMI. DESIGN: 161 Osteoarthritis Initiative participants (62% female) with incident RKOA (Kellgren/Lawrence grade 0/1 at baseline, developing an osteophyte and joint space narrowing grade ≥1 by year-4) were matched to 186 controls (58% female) without incident RKOA...
May 14, 2018: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770358/association-of-central-obesity-with-sex-hormonebinding-globulin-a-cross-sectional-study-of-1166-chinese-men
#4
Fangwei Liu, Xubo Shen, Ruifeng Wang, Na Yu, Yongjun Shi, Shimin Xiong, Chengliang Xiong, Yuanzhong Zhou
Background Both sex hormone-binding globulin and central obesity have been found to be associated with metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. However, the direct relation between sex hormone-binding globulin and central obesity has not been demonstrated. Methodology We performed a cross-sectional study of 1166 male participants from Zunyi, Guizhou, western China, in 2013. Each participant completed a questionnaire and had a brief clinical exam with a fasting blood sample taken. All blood samples underwent standard laboratory testing for sex hormone-binding globulin...
2018: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763369/adipose-y5r-mrna-is-higher-in-obese-than-non-obese-humans-and-is-correlated-with-obesity-parameters
#5
Saimai Chatree, Chantacha Sitticharoon, Pailin Maikaew, Panapat Uawithya, Supornpim Chearskul
Neuropeptide Y is mainly expressed in the central nervous system to regulate food intake via its receptors, Y receptors, and in various peripheral tissues including adipose tissue. The objectives of this study were to compare Y5R mRNA and adipocyte parameters consisting of area, width, height, and perimeter either between obese and non-obese subjects or between subcutaneous and visceral fat as well as to compare between NPY, Y1R, Y2R, and Y5R mRNA expressions in subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissues. In subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissues, Y5R was greater in obese than in non-obese humans (both P < 0...
May 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760457/global-genetic-differentiation-of-complex-traits-shaped-by-natural-selection-in-humans
#6
Jing Guo, Yang Wu, Zhihong Zhu, Zhili Zheng, Maciej Trzaskowski, Jian Zeng, Matthew R Robinson, Peter M Visscher, Jian Yang
There are mean differences in complex traits among global human populations. We hypothesize that part of the phenotypic differentiation is due to natural selection. To address this hypothesis, we assess the differentiation in allele frequencies of trait-associated SNPs among African, Eastern Asian, and European populations for ten complex traits using data of large sample size (up to ~405,000). We show that SNPs associated with height ([Formula: see text]), waist-to-hip ratio ([Formula: see text]), and schizophrenia ([Formula: see text]) are significantly more differentiated among populations than matched "control" SNPs, suggesting that these trait-associated SNPs have undergone natural selection...
May 14, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756980/alteration-of-inflammatory-adipokines-after-four-months-of-smoking-abstinence-in-multidisciplinary-intervention-program
#7
Mayla Cardoso Fernandes Toffolo, Arthur Da Silva Gomes, Henriqueta Vieira Van Keulen, Maira Barros Louro, Flávia Márcia Castro E Silva, Sheila Cristina Potente Dutra Luquetti, Aline Silva de Aguiar, Ana Paula Ferreira
BACKGROUND: many endocrine-metabolic changes are involved in smoking. OBJECTIVES: to evaluate serum concentrations of inflammatory adipokines in smokers at baseline and after four months of treatment for smoking cessation. METHODS: the serum concentrations of inflammatory cytokines were evaluated in smokers and abstinent. Nutritional assessment was based on measurements of body weight, height, and waist circumference (WC), to calculate body mass index (BMI), body adiposity index (BAI) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR)...
February 27, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756970/critical-overview-of-current-anthropometric-methods-in-comparison-with-a-new-index-to-make-early-detection-of-overweight-in-spanish-university-students-the-normalized-weight-adjusted-index
#8
Guillermo Doménech-Asensi, Carlos Gómez-Gallego, Gaspar Ros-Berruezo, Francisco Javier García-Alonso, Manuel Canteras-Jordana
BACKGROUND: overweight and obesity have been increasing, and university students are an important target for prevention programs. Previous studies have reported differences in the diagnosis between different anthropometric methods, so some students can be misclassified depending on the method used. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the efficacy of different anthropometric methods to detect those university students in a probable status of overweight, including a comparison with a new proposed method, the normalized weight-adjusted index (NWAI)...
March 1, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754574/anthropometric-measures-as-fitness-indicators-in-primary-school-children-the-health-oriented-pedagogical-project-hopp
#9
Asgeir Mamen, Per Morten Fredriksen
AIMS: As children's fitness continues to decline, frequent and systematic monitoring of fitness is important. Easy-to-use and low-cost methods with acceptable accuracy are essential in screening situations. This study aimed to investigate how the measurements of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) relate to selected measurements of fitness in children. METHODS: A total of 1731 children from grades 1 to 6 were selected who had a complete set of height, body mass, running performance, handgrip strength and muscle mass measurements...
May 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754573/waist-circumference-in-6-12-year-old-children-the-health-oriented-pedagogical-project-hopp
#10
Per Morten Fredriksen, Angelica Skår, Asgeir Mamen
AIMS: With overweight and obesity increasing worldwide, it has become ever more important to monitor the development and distribution of adiposity in children. This study investigated how the measurements of waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) in children 6-12 years old relate to earlier studies. METHODS: In 2015, 2271 children (boys, n = 1150) were measured for height, weight, and WC. Parental education level was used as a measure of socioeconomic status...
May 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752165/hypertension-and-its-correlate-with-general-and-central-adiposity-a-study-among-urban-population-of-delhi
#11
Meenal Dhall, Kshetrimayum Surmala Devi, Nilupher, Urvashi Gupta, Renu Tyagi, Satwanti Kapoor
AIM: Study aims to assess the association of various adiposity markers with blood pressure levels. STUDY DESIGN: The present study was a cross-sectional study conducted in Delhi. A total of 568 (males- 250, females- 318) participants aged 20-55 years were enrolled for the study. RESULT: Mean height (167.35 ± 7.59) and weight (73.76 ± 15.08) was found to be significantly higher in males. Mean values of minimum waist circumference (183...
May 5, 2018: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747603/prevalence-of-general-and-abdominal-obesity-in-portugal-comprehensive-results-from-the-national-food-nutrition-and-physical-activity-survey-2015-2016
#12
Andreia Oliveira, Joana Araújo, Milton Severo, Daniela Correia, Elisabete Ramos, Duarte Torres, Carla Lopes
BACKGROUND: This study includes, for the first time, estimates of general and abdominal obesity prevalence for all ages of the Portuguese population, using common standardized methodologies. Results are compared by sex, age groups, educational level and geographical regions. METHODS: Participants were a representative sample of the Portuguese population aged between 3 months and 84 years of age (n = 6553), enrolled in the National Food, Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, 2015-2016...
May 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746812/waist-to-height-ratio-is-as-reliable-as-biochemical-markers-to-discriminate-pediatric-insulin-resistance
#13
Rafael de Oliveira Alvim, Divanei Zaniqueli, Felipe Silva Neves, Virgilia Oliveira Pani, Caroline Resende Martins, Marcos Alves de Souza Peçanha, Míriam Carmo Rodrigues Barbosa, Eliane Rodrigues de Faria, José Geraldo Mill
OBJECTIVE: Given the importance of incorporating simple and low-cost tools into the pediatric clinical setting to provide screening for insulin resistance, the present study sought to investigate whether waist-to-height ratio is comparable to biochemical markers for the discrimination of insulin resistance in children and adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved students from nine public schools. In total, 296 children and adolescents of both sexes, aged 8-14 years, composed the sample...
May 7, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743321/identical-anthropometric-characteristics-of-impaired-fasting-glucose-combined-with-impaired-glucose-tolerance-and-newly-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-anthropometric-indicators-to-predict-hyperglycaemia-in-a-community-based-prospective-cohort-study-in-southwest
#14
Fang Zhang, Qin Wan, Hongyi Cao, Lizhi Tang, Daigang Li, Qingguo Lü, Zhe Yan, Jing Li, Qiu Yang, Yuwei Zhang, Nanwei Tong
OBJECTIVES: To assess the anthropometric characteristics of normoglycaemic individuals who subsequently developed hyperglycaemia, and to evaluate the validity of these measures to predict prediabetes and diabetes. DESIGN: A community-based prospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: In total, 1885 residents with euglycaemia at baseline from six communities were enrolled. SETTING: Sichuan, southwest China. PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The incidences of prediabetes and diabetes were the primary outcomes...
May 9, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730332/the-relationship-between-selected-body-fatness-indices-and-the-level-of-blood-interleukin-6-in-female-nursing-home-residents-aged-80-years-without-inflammation-a-pilot-study
#15
Ryszard Zarzeczny, Agnieszka Nawrat-Szołtysik, Anna Polak, Ahmed Manasar, Jakub Maliszewski, Adam Kiełtyka, Beata Matyja, Magdalena Dudek, Joanna Zborowska, Adam Wajdman
BACKGROUND: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) production facilitates a shift from acute to chronic inflammation that may induce the development of some diseases and aging. Several studies have suggested that adiposity is closely related to serum IL-6 level, but their authors examined relatively young older adults (aged 60-80 years), so it is not clear whether this association would also occur in people at a more advanced age. OBJECTIVE: to assess whether in elderly women without inflammation the widely used anthropometric obesity indices are associated with serum IL-6 level and, if so, to determine the best anthropometric predictor of this inflammatory biomarker...
May 3, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725581/a-high-ankle-brachial-index-is-associated-with-obesity-and-low-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-in-patients-with-diabetes
#16
Barbara Depczynski, Tamara Young, Christopher White
Peripheral artery disease (PAD), when present with diabetes, is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The spectrum of PAD in diabetes includes atherosclerosis with stenotic disease; and diffuse medial calcification with non-compliant arteries, as reflected by high ankle brachial index. The clinical characteristics of a high ABI are less well characterized than that of low ABI. The aim of this study was to determine the unique clinical phenotype of patients with diabetes who have high ankle brachial index (ABI) reading...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical & Translational Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720225/the-role-of-exercise-combined-with-tocilizumab-in-visceral-and-epicardial-adipose-tissue-and-gastric-emptying-rate-in-abdominally-obese-participants-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Regitse Højgaard Christensen, Anne-Sophie Wedell-Neergaard, Louise Lang Lehrskov, Grit Elster Legård, Emma Berndt Dorph, Stine Nymand, Maria Korf Ball, Morten Zacho, Robin Christensen, Helga Ellingsgaard, Jaya Birgitte Rosenmeier, Rikke Krogh-Madsen, Bente Klarlund Pedersen, Kristian Karstoft
BACKGROUND: Exercise reduces the amount of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and the risk of cardiometabolic diseases. The underlying mechanisms responsible for these exercise-induced adaptations are unclear, but they may involve lipolytic actions of interleukin-6 (IL-6). Contracting skeletal muscles secrete IL-6, leading to increased circulating IL-6 levels in response to exercise. The aim of this study is to investigate whether IL-6 is involved in mediating the effects of exercise on visceral and epicardial adipose tissue volume and glycaemic control...
May 2, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718151/the-impact-of-confounding-on-the-associations-of-different-adiposity-measures-with-the-incidence-of-cardiovascular-disease-a-cohort-study-of-296-535-adults-of-white-european-descent
#18
Stamatina Iliodromiti, Carlos A Celis-Morales, Donald M Lyall, Jana Anderson, Stuart R Gray, Daniel F Mackay, Scott M Nelson, Paul Welsh, Jill P Pell, Jason M R Gill, Naveed Sattar
Aims: The data regarding the associations of body mass index (BMI) with cardiovascular (CVD) risk, especially for those at the low categories of BMI, are conflicting. The aim of our study was to examine the associations of body composition (assessed by five different measures) with incident CVD outcomes in healthy individuals. Methods and results: A total of 296 535 participants (57.8% women) of white European descent without CVD at baseline from the UK biobank were included...
May 1, 2018: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716519/association-between-anthropometric-measures-and-cardiovascular-disease-cvd-risk-factors-in-hainan-centenarians-investigation-based-on-the-centenarian-s-health-study
#19
Qiao Zhu, Xiao-Bing Wang, Yao Yao, Chao-Xue Ning, Xiao-Ping Chen, Fu-Xin Luan, Ya-Li Zhao
BACKGROUND: Centenarians refer to a special group who have outlived most of their fellows. Body shape and abdominal obesity have been identified as cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. Our study aimed to evaluate the relationship between body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) and CVD risk factors among male and female centenarians in Hainan province. METHODS: Five hundred thirty-seven centenarians aged between 100 and 115 (Mage = 107 years old) years participated in this study...
May 2, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713043/epigenome-wide-association-study-of-adiposity-and-future-risk-of-obesity-related-diseases
#20
Gianluca Campanella, Marc J Gunter, Silvia Polidoro, Vittorio Krogh, Domenico Palli, Salvatore Panico, Carlotta Sacerdote, Rosario Tumino, Giovanni Fiorito, Simonetta Guarrera, Licia Iacoviello, Ingvar A Bergdahl, Beatrice Melin, Per Lenner, Theo M C M de Kok, Panagiotis Georgiadis, Jos C S Kleinjans, Soterios A Kyrtopoulos, H Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Karen A Lillycrop, Anne M May, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Robert Murray, Elio Riboli, Monique Verschuren, Eiliv Lund, Nicolle Mode, Torkjel M Sandanger, Valentina Fiano, Morena Trevisan, Giuseppe Matullo, Philippe Froguel, Paul Elliott, Paolo Vineis, Marc Chadeau-Hyam
BACKGROUND: Obesity is an established risk factor for several common chronic diseases such as breast and colorectal cancer, metabolic and cardiovascular diseases; however, the biological basis for these relationships is not fully understood. To explore the association of obesity with these conditions, we investigated peripheral blood leucocyte (PBL) DNA methylation markers for adiposity and their contribution to risk of incident breast and colorectal cancer and myocardial infarction. METHODS: DNA methylation profiles (Illumina Infinium® HumanMethylation450 BeadChip) from 1941 individuals from four population-based European cohorts were analysed in relation to body mass index, waist circumference, waist-hip and waist-height ratio within a meta-analytical framework...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
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