keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Spondylolysis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148922/feasibility-and-safety-of-using-thoracic-and-lumbar-cortical-bone-trajectory-pedicle-screws-in-spinal-constructs-in-children-technical-note
#1
Jonathan N Sellin, Jeffrey S Raskin, Kristen A Staggers, Alison Brayton, Valentina Briceño, Amee J Moreno, Andrew Jea
Thoracic and lumbar cortical bone trajectory pedicle screws have been described in adult spine surgery. They have likewise been described in pediatric CT-based morphometric studies; however, clinical experience in the pediatric age group is limited. The authors here describe the use of cortical bone trajectory pedicle screws in posterior instrumented spinal fusions from the upper thoracic to the lumbar spine in 12 children. This dedicated study represents the initial use of cortical screws in pediatric spine surgery...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140811/prevalence-of-spondylolysis-in-symptomatic-adolescent-athletes-an-assessment-of-sport-risk-in-nonelite-athletes
#2
Mitchell Selhorst, Anastasia Fischer, James MacDonald
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk of spondylolysis by sport in nonelite adolescent athletes with low back pain (LBP). DESIGN: Retrospective case series. SETTING: Hospital-based sports medicine clinic. PATIENTS: The medical charts of 1025 adolescent athletes with LBP (age 15 ± 1.8 years) were examined; 308 (30%) were diagnosed with a spondylolysis. ASSESSMENT OF RISK: Risk of spondylolysis was assessed in 11 sports for males and 14 sports for females...
November 14, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095410/increased-lumbar-lordosis-and-smaller-vertebral-cross-sectional-area-are-associated-with-spondylolysis
#3
Tishya A L Wren, Skorn Ponrartana, Patricia C Aggabao, Ervin Poorghasamians, David L Skaggs, Vicente Gilsanz
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional comparison of vertebral morphology and lumbar lordosis (LL) in adolescents with and without spondylolysis. OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that in addition to LL, vertebral cross-sectional area (CSA) is also associated with spondylolysis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Recent data indicates that the CSA of the vertebral body is a determinant of LL, which has been shown to be associated with spondylolysis. METHODS: Using magnetic resonance imaging, we compared the degree of LL from L1 to L5 and the CSA of the lumbar vertebrae in 35 adolescents (16 females and 19 males) with spondylolysis and 86 healthy controls (36 females and 50 males) of similar sex, age, height, and weight...
October 31, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093794/minimally-invasive-versus-conventional-repair-of-spondylolysis-in-athletes-a-review-of-outcomes-and-return-to-play
#4
REVIEW
John Paul G Kolcun, Lee Onn Chieng, Karthik Madhavan, Michael Y Wang
Spondylolysis from pars fracture is a common injury among young athletes, which can limit activity and cause chronic back pain. While current literature has examined the relative benefits of surgical and conservative management of these injuries, no study has yet compared outcomes between conventional direct repair of pars defects and modern minimally invasive procedures. The goals of surgery are pain resolution, return to play at previous levels of activity, and a shorter course of recovery. In this review, the authors have attempted to quantify any differences in outcome between patients treated with conventional or minimally invasive techniques...
October 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057347/indirect-pars-repair-for-pediatric-isthmic-spondylolysis-a-case-series
#5
Brandon L Raudenbush, Reid C Chambers, Michael P Silverstein, Ryan C Goodwin
BACKGROUND: Isthmic spondylolysis (ISY) is a common cause of back pain in the pediatric population. Historically, non-operative treatments have had a very high success rate. The purpose of this study was to review the mid-term results of an indirect pars repair technique on reducing the visual analog score for pain (VAS), spondylolysis defect healing, complication rates and rates of return to pre-surgery activity level in pediatric patients who failed conservative care for ISY. METHODS: A retrospective review of all pediatric patients (<18 years old) treated surgically by one surgeon over a 5-year period was performed...
September 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054782/multi-level-spondylolysis-repair-using-the-smiley-face-technique-with-3d-intraoperative-spinal-navigation
#6
Mathew R Voisin, Christopher D Witiw, Ryan Deorajh, Daipayan Guha, Adetunji Oremakinde, Shelly Wang, Victor Yang
BACKGROUND / OBJECTIVE: Multi-level spondylolysis is a rare cause of progressive lower back pain and patients that fail conservative management are treated surgically. Direct repair methods can maintain mobility and lead to decreased morbidity compared with spinal fusion in single-level spondylolysis. In this paper, we present a patient with non-adjacent multi-level spondylolysis that underwent the 'smiley face' technique of direct multi-level repair without fusion using 3D intraoperative spinal navigation...
October 17, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035987/low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-for-early-stage-lumbar-spondylolysis-in-young-athletes
#7
Masahiro Tsukada, Toshiro Takiuchi, Kota Watanabe
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on early-stage spondylolysis in young athletes. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: A single outpatient orthopedic and sports clinic. PATIENTS: A total of 82 young athletes (80 boys and 2 girls; mean age, 14.8 years; range, 10-18 years) with early-stage lumbar spondylolysis were enrolled in this study. All patients were examined by plain radiography and magnetic resonance imaging...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030702/the-prevalence-of-lumbar-spondylolysis-in-young-children-a-retrospective-analysis-using-ct
#8
Thibaut Lemoine, Joseph Fournier, Thierry Odent, Catherine Sembély-Taveau, Pauline Merenda, Dominique Sirinelli, Baptiste Morel
PURPOSE: Although lumbar spondylolysis is encountered in general population with an incidence estimated to be 3-10%, limited information is available for children. The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence of spondylolysis according to associated vertebral bony malformation and spinopelvic parameters in children under eight requiring CT evaluation for unrelated lumbar conditions. METHODS: Seven hundred and seventeen abdominal and pelvic multi-detector CT scans were obtained in patients under 8 years of age were reviewed...
October 13, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021675/surgical-treatment-of-bilateral-nondisplaced-isthmic-lysis-by-interlaminar-fixation-device
#9
Keyvan Mostofi, Reza Karimi Khouzani
STUDY DESIGN: Spondylolysis is a defect in the portion of pars interarticularis. The latter affects approximately 6% of the population. It is caused by repetitive trauma in hyperextension. Low back pain is the most common symptom. METHODS: We implanted interspinous process devices in 12 patients with isthmic lysis without spondylolisthesis for low back pain. The purpose of the surgery was to conduct a minimally invasive procedure. RESULTS: In eight cases, patients became asymptomatic...
July 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993288/the-relationship-between-sacral-slope-and-symptomatic-isthmic%C3%A2-spondylolysis-in-a-cohort-of-high-school-athletes-a-retrospective-analysis
#10
Leigh F Hanke, Yetsa A Tuakli-Wosornu, Julian Harrison, Peter J Moley
BACKGROUND: Spondylolysis with and without anterolisthesis is the most common cause of structural back pain in children and adolescents, but few predictive factors have been confirmed. An association between abnormal sacropelvic orientation and both spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis has been supported in the literature. Sacral slope and other sacropelvic measurements are easily accessible variables that could aid clinicians in assessing active adolescents with low back pain, particularly when the diagnosis of spondylolysis is suspected...
October 6, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988667/headless-compression-screw-in-the-neuronavigation-guided-and-microscope-assisted-treatment-of-spondylolysis
#11
Francisco Javier Goncalves-Ramírez, Manel Tardaguila Serrano, Sherman H Lee, Carlos Javier Dominguez, Jordi Manuel-Rimbau
Since 1968, many surgical techniques used in repairing the pars defect of the vertebra have been reported. Technological advances are giving rise to new ways of obtaining the best outcome using less invasive methods, which are more accurate, simple and effective. To treat cases of spondylolysis such as pseudarthrosis, we used neuro-navigation and microscopy through a 2.5-cm skin incision to approach the pars defect, freshen the fracture and place a type of screw that, until now, has never been used for this purpose...
October 4, 2017: Neurocirugía
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942567/diagnostic-accuracy-of-mr-imaging-for-direct-visualization-of-lumbar-pars-defect-in-children-and-young-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Amira Dhouib, Anne Tabard-Fougere, Sylviane Hanquinet, Romain Dayer
PURPOSE: The accurate diagnosis of spondylolysis is widely made with CT scan considered as the gold standard. However, CT represents significant radiation exposure particularly substantial in a young and sometimes still growing population. Although the role of MRI in identifying edema/inflammation within the pars as an active lesion is proved, its ability to demonstrate and classify pars fracture line as same as CT is still controversial. This meta-analysis aimed to determine sensitivity and specificity of MRI in the direct visualisation of the pars defect...
September 23, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937467/does-the-prevalence-of-spondylolysis-and-spina-bifida-occulta-observed-in-pediatric-patients-remain-stable-in-adults
#13
Julio Urrutia, Tomas Zamora, Jorge Cuellar
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of lumbar spondylolysis and spina bifida occulta (SBO) in pediatric and adult populations. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The prevalence of spondylolysis reported from radiograph-based studies in children had been questioned in computed tomography (CT)-based studies in adults; however, a recent CT-based study in pediatric patients has confirmed the previously reported data in pediatric populations...
October 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819526/-bilateral-three-level-lumbar-spondylolysis
#14
Noukhoum Koné, Outouma Soumaré
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795014/evaluation-and-management-of-lower-back-pain-in-young-athletes
#15
REVIEW
Dilip R Patel, Elizabeth Kinsella
Lower back pain in young athletes is a common problem. The prevalence of back pain from different causes in adolescent age group is between 20% and 30%. However, the incidence of low back pain in young athletes varies widely in different sports. Overuse injuries are the most common cause of low back pain in young athletes. In case of overuse injuries, the cause and effect relationship between back pain and specific condition is often difficult to establish. In adolescent athletes, the most common underlying identified cause of low back pain is lumbar spondylolysis...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765098/vertebral-body-bone-mineral-density-in-patients-with-lumbar-spondylolysis-a-quantitative-ct-study
#16
Naciye Sinem Gezer, Ali Balcı, Orhan Kalemci, Nevin Köremezli, Işıl Başara Akın, Koray Ur
PURPOSE: Spondylolysis is known to be a part of a disease process, which describes a defect in the pars interarticularis of vertebra. We aimed to use quantitative computed tomography (QCT) to measure vertebral body bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with lumbar spondylolysis and compare it with readings in controls. METHODS: Forty symptomatic patients with lumbar spondylolysis aged 18-52 years and 40 matched controls of same sex and approximate age (±2 years) were included in the study...
September 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760031/minimally-invasive-direct-pars-repair-with-cannulated-screws-and-recombinant-human-bone-morphogenetic-protein-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#17
George M Ghobrial, Kenneth M Crandall, Anthony Lau, Seth K Williams, Allan D Levi
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to describe the use of a minimally invasive surgical treatment of lumbar spondylolysis in athletes by a fluoroscopically guided direct pars screw placement with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) and to report on clinical and radiographic outcomes. METHODS A retrospective review was conducted of all patients treated surgically for lumbar spondylolysis via a minimally invasive direct pars repair with cannulated screws. Demographic information, clinical features of presentation, perioperative and intraoperative radiographic imaging, and postoperative data were collected...
August 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752792/strain-distribution-in-the-porcine-lumbar-laminae-under-asymmetric-loading
#18
Colin Bright, Stephen Tiernan, Fiona McEvoy, Patrick Kiely
If the articular facets of the vertebra grow in an asymmetric manner, the developed geometry causes an asymmetry of loading. When the loading environment is altered by way of increased activity, the likelihood of acquiring a stress fracture may be increased. The combination of geometric asymmetry and increased activity is hypothesised to be the precursor to the stress fracture under investigation in this study, spondylolysis. This vertebral defect is an acquired fracture with 7% prevalence in the paediatric population...
July 1, 2017: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734794/botulinum-toxin-a-is-effective-to-treat-tension-type-headache-caused-by-hemifacial-spasm
#19
Atsushi Mizuma, Eiichiro Nagata, Takashi Yasuda, Maiko Kouchi, Taira Nakayama, Kazunari Honma, Kentaro Tokuoka, Yasuhisa Kitagawa, Shigeru Nogawa, Shunya Takizawa
OBJECTIVE: We examined the relationship between hemifacial spasm (HFS; a form of cranio-cervical dystonia) and chronic primary headache, including tension-type headache (TTH). We also examined whether botulinum toxin A (BoNT/A) therapy for HFS ameliorates concomitant TTH. METHODS: Fifty-one HFS patients receiving BoNT/A therapy were recruited. Patients' characteristics (including age, gender, chronic headache history, exercise habits, stiff neck, cervical spondylolysis history), stress factors, worsening/new onset of headache associated with HFS, and dose of BoNT/A were examined...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673735/properties-of-paraspinal-muscles-in-japanese-high-school-baseball-players-with-terminal-stage-lumbar-spondylolysis
#20
Hiroyuki Tsuboi, Yukihide Nishimura, Takeshi Sakata, Hideaki Tanina, Hideki Arakawa, Takeshi Nakamura, Yuichi Umezu, Fumihiro Tajima
BACKGROUND: Lumbar spondylolysis is a defect in the pars interarticularis that is common in young athletes; the stress distribution at the pars interarticularis is the highest in extension and rotation movements. The paraspinal muscles play an important role in stabilization of the lumbar spine; however, no study has assessed the properties of paraspinal muscles in athletes with lumbar spondylolysis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the properties of paraspinal muscles in athletes with lumbar spondylolysis...
June 30, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
keyword
keyword
58506
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"