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obstetric haemorrhage

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715942/trends-in-conservative-procedures-and-peripartum-hysterectomy-rates-in-severe-postpartum-haemorrhage
#1
Choi Wah Kong, William Wing Kee
OBJECTIVE: To explore whether increase in use of second-line conservative surgical procedures will alter the rate of peripartum hysterectomies in management of severe postpartum haemorrhage (PPH). METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort. All pregnant patients with gestation >=28 weeks with severe PPH (>=1.5 L) within 72 hours of delivery from year 2000 to 2015 (16-year period) in an obstetric training unit was recruited. Basic patient anthropometric characteristics and the main causes for PPH were calculated...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712189/maternal-mortality-in-pakistan-is-there-any-metamorphosis-towards-betterment
#2
Nusrat Nisar, Razia Mustafa Abbasi, Shehla Raza Chana, Noushaba Rizwan, Razia Badar
BACKGROUND: Every year more than half million mother die due to pregnancy related preventable causes like haemorrhage, hypertensive disorders, sepsis, and obstructed labour and unsafe abortion. Among these deaths 99% occur in developing countries. The study was conducted to assess the maternal death rate and to analyse its trends over a period of 20 years in tertiary care hospital in Sindh Province Pakistan. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of maternal mortality records were carried out for a period of 20 years from 1986-1995 and 2011-2015 at the Department of Obstetrics and gynaecology Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences Hyderabad Sindh Pakistan...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706102/a-method-to-assess-obstetric-outcomes-using-the-10-group-classification-system-a-quantitative-descriptive-study
#3
Janne Rossen, Miha Lucovnik, Torbjørn Moe Eggebø, Natasa Tul, Martina Murphy, Ingvild Vistad, Michael Robson
OBJECTIVES: Internationally, the 10-Group Classification System (TGCS) has been used to report caesarean section rates, but analysis of other outcomes is also recommended. We now aim to present the TGCS as a method to assess outcomes of labour and delivery using routine collection of perinatal information. DESIGN: This research is a methodological study to describe the use of the TGCS. SETTING: Stavanger University Hospital (SUH), Norway, National Maternity Hospital Dublin, Ireland and Slovenian National Perinatal Database (SLO), Slovenia...
July 12, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688890/any-changes-in-recent-massive-transfusion-practices-in-a-tertiary-level-institution
#4
Romi Sinha, David Roxby
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: A previous review of transfusion practices in our institution between 1998 and 2008 showed a trend of high ratios of red cells (RC) to plasma (FFP) and platelets to RC towards the later years of review period. The aim of the study was to further evaluate transfusion practices in the form of blood product usage and outcomes following massive transfusion (MT) METHODS: All adult patients with critical bleeding who received a MT (defined as ≥10 units of RC in 24h) in 2008 and between January 2010 and December 2014 were identified...
June 8, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681676/an-update-on-the-risk-factors-for-and-management-of-obstetric-haemorrhage
#5
Mercede Sebghati, Edwin Chandraharan
Obstetric haemorrhage is associated with increased risk of serious maternal morbidity and mortality. Postpartum haemorrhage is the commonest form of obstetric haemorrhage, and worldwide, a woman dies due to massive postpartum haemorrhage approximately every 4 min. In addition, many experience serious morbidity such as multi-organ failure, complications of multiple blood transfusions, peripartum hysterectomy and unintended damage to pelvic organs, loss of fertility and psychological sequelae, including posttraumatic stress disorders...
July 1, 2017: Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673342/knowledge-and-provision-of-misoprostol-among-pharmacy-workers-in-senegal-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Kate Reiss, Katharine Footman, Eva Burke, Nafissatou Diop, Ramatoulaye Ndao, Babacar Mane, Maaike van Min, Thoai D Ngo
BACKGROUND: Making misoprostol widely available for management of postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) and post abortion care (PAC) is essential for reducing maternal mortality. Private pharmacies (thereafter called "pharmacies") are integral in supplying medications to the general public in Senegal. In the case of misoprostol, pharmacies are also the main supplier to public providers and therefore have a key role in increasing its availability. This study seeks to understand knowledge and provision of misoprostol among pharmacy workers in Dakar, Senegal...
July 3, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671322/factors-related-to-retinal-haemorrhage-in-infants-born-at-high-risk
#7
Qinglan Pu, Ping Li, Huiqin Jiang, Hong Wang, Qiaoyun Zhou, Jia Liu, Wenhua Zhong, Huafei Huang
PURPOSE: This study aims to determine risk factors for retinal haemorrhage (RH) in high-risk infants. METHODS: A total of 3123 cases with high-risk pregnancy and/or neonatal asphyxia 72 hr after delivery were enrolled into this study. Fundus examinations were performed on newborns utilizing a wide-angle imaging system (RetCam III). Retinal haemorrhage (RH) was classified into three grades. Maternal, obstetric and neonatal parameters from high-risk infants with RH were compared with parameters from infants without RH...
July 3, 2017: Acta Ophthalmologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663283/t-piece-versus-self-inflating-bag-ventilation-in-preterm-neonates-at-birth
#8
Ruth Guinsburg, Maria Fernanda Branco de Almeida, Junia Sampel de Castro, Walusa Assad Gonçalves-Ferri, Patricia Franco Marques, Jamil Pedro Siqueira Caldas, Vera Lucia Jornada Krebs, Ligia Maria Suppo de Souza Rugolo, João Henrique Carvalho Leme de Almeida, Jorge Hecker Luz, Renato S Procianoy, José Luiz Muniz Bandeira Duarte, Marcia Gomes Penido, Daniela Marques de Lima Mota Ferreira, Navantino Alves Filho, Edna Maria de Albuquerque Diniz, Juliana Paula Santos, Ana Lucia Acquesta, Cristina Nunes Dos Santos, Maria Rafaela Conde Gonzalez, Regina Pg Vieira Cavalcanti da Silva, Jucile Meneses, José Maria de Andrade Lopes, Franciscó Eulógio Martinez
OBJECTIVE: To verify whether the use of the T-piece resuscitator compared with the self-inflating bag in preterm infants ventilated at birth modifies survival to hospital discharge without major morbidities. DESIGN: Pragmatic prospective cohort study. SETTING: 20 Brazilian university hospitals of Brazilian Network on Neonatal Research. Patients were 1962 inborn infants in 2014-2015 ventilated at birth with 23-33' weeks gestation and birth weight 400-1499 g without malformations...
June 29, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662632/timing-of-delivery-in-a-high-risk-obstetric-population-a-clinical-prediction-model
#9
Dane A De Silva, Sarka Lisonkova, Peter von Dadelszen, Anne R Synnes, Laura A Magee
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of antenatal corticosteroid treatment for women with threatened preterm birth depends on timely administration within 7 days before delivery. We modelled the probability of delivery within 7 days of admission to hospital among women presenting with threatened preterm birth, using routinely collected clinical characteristics. METHODS: Data from the Canadian Perinatal Network (CPN) were used, 2005-11, including women admitted to hospital with preterm labour, preterm pre-labour rupture of membranes, short cervix without contractions, or dilated cervix or prolapsed membranes without contractions at preterm gestation...
June 29, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643664/intervention-of-the-obstetrician-during-childbirth-in-a-supposedly-low-risk-population-and-influence-of-parity
#10
J Huet, G Beucher, L Geoffroy, R Morello, G Benoist, M Dreyfus
OBJECTIVE: Compare obstetrician intervention and calling rates during labour and delivery between low-risk and high-risk women and study the influence of parity on these rates. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Descriptive retrospective study conducted on 227 patients in a university maternity unit (level 3 university hospital maternity unit) between 1st and 30th January 2014. The low- and high-risk populations were characterised according to the French National Authority for Health (HAS) and NICE guidelines...
April 2017: Journal of gynecology obstetrics and human reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637428/quality-of-care-provided-in-two-scottish-rural-community-maternity-units-a-retrospective-case-review
#11
Sara Denham, Tracy Humphrey, Ruth Taylor
BACKGROUND: Women in Scotland with uncomplicated pregnancies are encouraged by professional bodies and national guidelines to access community based models of midwife-led care for their labour and birth. The evidence base for these guidelines relates to comparisons of predominantly urban birth settings in England. There appears to be little evidence available about the quality of the care during the antenatal, birth and post birth periods available for women within the Scottish Community Maternity Unit (CMU) model...
June 21, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635415/known-and-unknown-cerebral-arteriovenous-malformations-in-pregnancies-haemorrhage-risk-and-influence-on-obstetric-management
#12
Xianli Lv, Wei Li, Hongwei He, Chuhan Jiang, Youxiang Li
Objective The objective of this study was to evaluate the haemorrhage risk of known and unknown cerebral arteriovenous malformations and their obstetric management. Methods A retrospective review was performed and analysed 67 consecutive cases of arteriovenous malformation with pregnancy history. Results Sixty-seven cases of arteriovenous malformation with pregnancy histories were identified. In 14 cases (20.9%) of arteriovenous malformation diagnosed before pregnancy, 11 cases were treated (10 embolisation and one surgery), there was no haemorrhage in 14 pregnancies, 14 healthy babies were delivered by caesarean section in 12 pregnancies (85...
January 1, 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625299/managing-major-obstetric-haemorrhage-pharmacotherapy-and-transfusion
#13
REVIEW
Rachel Collis, Emilia Guasch
Major obstetric haemorrhage is a leading cause of maternal mortality. A prescriptive approach to early recognition and management is critical to improving outcomes. Uterine atony is the primary cause of post-partum haemorrhage. First-line prevention and treatment include the administration of uterine tonic agents; other conservative measures include uterine cavity tamponade and uterine compression sutures. Interventional radiology procedures have been used for both prophylaxis and treatment, but a hysterectomy may be necessary if conservative measures fail...
March 2017: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622635/management-of-parturients-with-factor-xi-deficiency-10year-case-series-and-review-of-literature
#14
REVIEW
Lynda Verghese, Efterpi Tingi, Jecko Thachil, Charles Hay, Louise Byrd
This is an article reviewing the management of pregnant women with factor XI (FXI) deficiency. Retrospective review of the electronic records of 67 pregnancies in 25 women with FXI deficiency over a ten-year period was undertaken. All women received care at St Mary's Tertiary Referral Obstetric/Haematology Clinic for some or all of their pregnancies. Outcome measures included antenatal complications, mode of delivery, anaesthesia provided and postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) and management required. A positive bleeding history was identified in 50% of women prior to pregnancy...
August 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593892/neonatal-hypoglycemia-risk-factors-and-outcomes
#15
Orhideja Stomnaroska, Elizabeta Petkovska, Snezana Jancevska, Dragan Danilovski
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Severe neonatal hypoglycemia (HG) leads to neurologic damage, mental retardation, epilepsy, personality disorders, impaired cardiac performance and muscle weakness. We aimed to assess the clinical characteristics of children with hypoglycemia in a random population of newborns. PATIENTS, METHODS AND RESULTS: We investigated 84 patients (M:F=35:48) born at the University Clinic for Gynecology and Obstetrics in Skopje (hospitalized in the NICU) who were found to have hypoglycemia...
March 1, 2017: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591672/global-variation-in-pregnancy-complications-in-women-with-epilepsy-a-meta-analysis
#16
John Allotey, David Aroyo-Manzano, Patricia Lopez, Luz Viale, Javier Zamora, Shakila Thangaratinam
OBJECTIVE: Women with epilepsy are at risk of pregnancy complications. Whether these vary globally is unknown. We undertook a systematic review to assess the overall rates of obstetric outcomes in women with epilepsy, and variations in estimates across geographical region, economic status of country, and over time. STUDY DESIGN: We searched Medline, Embase, Cochrane, AMED and CINAHL, (January 1, 1990 and November 29, 2016), without any language restrictions for studies reporting core maternal and fetal outcomes in women with epilepsy...
May 30, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577352/increased-postpartum-haemorrhage-the-possible-relation-with-serotonergic-and-other-psychopharmacological-drugs-a-matched-cohort-study
#17
Hanna M Heller, Anita C J Ravelli, Andrea H L Bruning, Christianne J M de Groot, Fedde Scheele, Maria G van Pampus, Adriaan Honig
BACKGROUND: Postpartum haemorrhage is a major obstetric risk worldwide. Therefore risk factors need to be investigated to control for this serious complication. A recent systematic review and meta-analysis revealed that the use of both serotonergic and non-serotonergic antidepressants in pregnancy are associated with a higher risk of postpartum haemorrhage. However, use of antidepressants in pregnancy is often necessary because untreated depression in pregnancy is associated with adverse maternal and neonatal outcome, such as postpartum depression, preterm birth and dysmaturity...
June 2, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571514/obstetric-ultrasound-aids-prompt-referral-of-gestational-trophoblastic-disease-in-marginalized-populations-on-the-thailand-myanmar-border
#18
Kathryn McGregor, Aung Myat Min, Noaeni Karunkonkowit, Suporn Keereechareon, Mary Ellen Tyrosvoutis, Nay Win Tun, Marcus J Rijken, Gabie Hoogenboom, Machteld Boel, Kesinee Chotivanich, François Nosten, Rose McGready
BACKGROUND: The use of obstetric ultrasound in the diagnosis of gestational trophoblastic disease (GTD) in high-income settings is well established, leading to prompt management and high survival rates. Evidence from low-income settings suggests ultrasound is essential in identifying complicated pregnancies, but with limited studies reviewing specific conditions including GTD. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to review the role of ultrasound in diagnosis and management of GTD in a marginalized population on the Thailand-Myanmar border...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551762/prophylactic-occlusion-balloon-placement-in-internal-iliac-arteries-for-the-prevention-of-postpartum-haemorrhage-due-to-morbidly-adherent-placenta-short-term-outcomes
#19
Salvatore Alessio Angileri, Leto Mailli, Claudio Raspanti, Anna Maria Ierardi, Gianpaolo Carrafiello, Anna-Maria Belli
PURPOSE: To evaluate outcomes of uterine conserving surgery with occlusion balloon technique. A critical review of the complications was performed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2010 and 2016, pregnant women, with a prenatal diagnosis of morbidly adherent placenta (MAP), were treated with occlusion balloon catheters in both internal iliac arteries. Parameters such as need for hysterectomy, incidence of PPH, grade of MAP, estimated blood loss during delivery (EBL) and transfusion requirements, mean recovery time and duration of the balloon inflation, were collected and reviewed...
May 27, 2017: La Radiologia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551689/perinatal-mortality-and-morbidity-of-growth-restricted-fetuses-and-newborns-own-experience-first-report
#20
Katarzyna Pankiewicz, Tomasz Maciejewski
AIM: to evaluate the outcome of pregnancies complicated by fetal growth restriction with particular emphasis on the factors (fetal and maternal) related to perinatal mortality and morbidity of the fetus and newborn. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the documentation of 53 women admitted with the diagnosis of fetal growth restriction based on ultrasound examination (fetal biometry and fetal vessel Doppler abnormalities). 38 (71.7%) patients were referred to our department with the diagnosis of fetal growth restriction, whereas 15 (28...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
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