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Sesto fiorentino

Michele Tepedino, Francesco Masedu, Claudio Chimenti
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between insertion torque and stability of miniscrews in terms of resistance against dislocation, then comparing a self-tapping screw with a self-drilling one. METHODS: Insertion torque was measured during placement of 30 self-drilling and 31 self-tapping stainless steel miniscrews (Leone SpA, Sesto Fiorentino, Italy) in synthetic bone blocks. Then, an increasing pulling force was applied at an angle of 90° and 45°, and the displacement of the miniscrews was recorded...
May 30, 2017: Head & Face Medicine
Salma Ayis, Ian Wellwood, Anthony G Rudd, Christopher McKevitt, David Parkin, Charles D A Wolfe
OBJECTIVE: There were two main objectives: to describe and compare clinical outcomes and Patient-Reported Outcome Measures (PROMs) collected using standardised procedures across the European Registers of Stroke (EROS) at 3 and 12 months after stroke; and to examine the relationship between patients' Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) at 3 months after stroke and survival up to 1 year across the 5 populations. DESIGN: Analysis of data from population-based stroke registers...
June 1, 2015: BMJ Open
Carlo Faravelli, Maria Alessandra Scarpato, Giovanni Castellini, Carolina Lo Sauro
Although females run greater risk for affective disorders, the greater vulnerability of women for these disorders varies with the age. The present study evaluates the lifetime incidence of depressive and anxiety disorders by age and gender in a community sample (2363 subjects; 54.6% females), representative of the general population (Sesto Fiorentino Study). Lifetime prevalence of affective disorders resulted higher in females. The age-sex pattern for affective disorders was observed only before menopause.
December 30, 2013: Psychiatry Research
R Condò, A Casaglia, E Armellin, S G Condò, L Cerroni
OBJECTIVE: Elastomeric materials play an important role in the orthodontic practice, including the retraction force to move teeth into extraction sites, closing diastemas, selective shifting of the midline and generalized space closure. Frictional resistance and ligating strength of archwire-bracket-ligature complex occurs during utilization of elastomeric and metallic ligatures when orthodontic forces are applicated. The aim of this study was to analyze elastic deformation of three types of elastomeric ligatures, after clinical use...
2013: Oral & Implantology
Carlo Faravelli, Giovanni Castellini, Laura Benni, Andrea Brugnera, Monica Landi, Carolina Lo Sauro, Francesco Pietrini, Francesco Rotella, Valdo Ricca
OBJECTIVE: The main aim of the present research was to evaluate the coherence of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) psychopathological pattern, the robustness of its diagnostic criteria, and the clinical utility of considering this disorder as a discrete condition rather than assigning it a dimensional value. METHOD: The study was designed in a purely naturalistic setting and carried out using a community sample; data from the Sesto Fiorentino Study were reanalyzed...
November 2012: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Carlo Faravelli, Giovanni Castellini, Monica Landi, Andrea Brugnera
The present article focused on the problem of validity, reliability and specificity of psychiatric diagnoses.The authors moved by the concept of syndrome, defined by Sydenham in the 18th century as a constellation of several interrelated symptoms, showing a stable, characteristic structure and a peculiar prognosis, in order to analyse the peculiarity of the current psychiatric nosology. In our opinion, the current nosographic system based on DSM-IV criteria, prevents psychiatry from benefiting of the significant technological progress that has led the rest of medical sciences to important clinical achievements in the last 20 years...
2012: Clinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health: CP & EMH
P U Heuschmann, S Wiedmann, I Wellwood, A Rudd, A Di Carlo, Y Bejot, D Ryglewicz, D Rastenyte, C D A Wolfe
BACKGROUND: Contemporaneous data on variations in outcome after first-ever-lifetime stroke between European populations are lacking. We compared differences in case fatality rates, functional outcome, and living conditions 3 months after stroke within the European Registers of Stroke Collaboration. METHODS: Population-based stroke registers were established in France (Dijon), Italy (Sesto Fiorentino), Lithuania (Kaunas), the United Kingdom (London), Spain (Menorca), and Poland (Warsaw)...
January 11, 2011: Neurology
Maria Francesca Sfondrini, Sara Gatti, Andrea Scribante
Our aim was to assess the effect of blood contamination on the shear bonding strength and sites of failure of orthodontic brackets and bondable buttons. We randomly divided 160 bovine permanent mandibular incisors into 8 groups of 20 specimens each. Both orthodontic brackets (Step brackets, Leone, Sesto Fiorentino, Italy) and bondable buttons (Flat orthodontic buttons, Leone, Sesto Fiorentino, Italy) were tested on four different enamel surfaces: dry; contamination with blood before priming; after priming; and before and after priming...
July 2011: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
Peter U Heuschmann, Antonio Di Carlo, Yannick Bejot, Daiva Rastenyte, Danuta Ryglewicz, Cinzia Sarti, Mattias Torrent, Charles D A Wolfe
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Comparable data on stroke incidence across European countries are lacking because previous studies have used different methods of case ascertainment, different periods of observation, and different age restrictions. METHODS: Population-based stroke registers were established in 6 European countries: France (Dijon); Italy (Sesto Fiorentino); Lithuania (Kaunas); the United Kingdom (London); Spain (Menorca); and Poland (Warsaw). Standardized criteria were used among these register including overlapping sources of notification...
May 2009: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Carlo Faravelli, Fiammetta Cosci, Francesco Rotella, Luca Faravelli, Mario Catena Dell'osso
In the last few decades, there has been a long debate on the existence of agoraphobia (AG) without a history of panic attacks (PAs). In the present study, the problem of the relationships between AG and PAs is addressed trough a reevaluation of the cases who had been diagnosed with AG in the community survey of Sesto Fiorentino. Forty-one of the 75 subjects who met the criterion of AG in the Sesto Fiorentino Study were reinterviewed by experienced clinical psychiatrists. The Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) and the Composite International Diagnostic Interview were used to make the diagnoses...
May 2008: Comprehensive Psychiatry
Carlo Faravelli, Mario Catena, Alessandra Scarpato, Valdo Ricca
BACKGROUND: Although life events have been consistently reported as precipitating factors for most psychiatric disorders, there is no comprehensive investigation of the relationship between severe life events and psychiatric disorders in the general population. METHODS: This is a community-based study of psychiatric disorders among a cohort representative of adults in an Italian town. A total of 2,363 subjects out of 2,500 selected to be representative of the population living in Sesto Fiorentino, central Italy, were interviewed by their own general practitioner using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview...
2007: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
Matteo Camporesi, Tiziano Baccetti, Lorenzo Franchi
INTRODUCTION: In this in-vitro study, we compared the forces generated by 2 types of esthetic brackets (Aqua [Leone Orthodontic Products, Sesto Fiorentino, Florence, Italy] and Mystique [GAC International, Bohemia, NY]) in association with low-friction ligature systems (Slide [Leone Orthodontic Products] and Neo-Clips [GAC International], respectively) and by the same brackets combined with conventional elastomeric ligatures (CEL) during the leveling and aligning phases. METHODS: The testing model consisted of 5 esthetic ceramic 0...
June 2007: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
C Faravelli, C Ravaldi, E Truglia, T Zucchi, F Cosci, V Ricca
BACKGROUND: It is speculated that clinical samples do not fully reflect the characteristics of eating disorders (EDs) as they are in the general population, especially in their lowest range of severity. The present article reports the prevalence of EDs in a community sample aged >14 years, their clinical and psychopathological features, and their course and outcome on naturalistic grounds. METHODS: The Sesto Fiorentino Study is a three-phase community-based survey where 2,355 out of 2,500 people representative of the population aged >14 years living in Sesto Fiorentino were evaluated by their own general practitioner using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview plus six additional questions...
2006: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
Carlo Faravelli, Simone Rosi, Maria Alessandra Scarpato, Lorenzo Lampronti, Silvia Gorini Amedei, Nusrat Rana
BACKGROUND: The DSM IV lifetime prevalence for bipolar affective disorders is reported to be between 0.4% and 1% in most surveys. DSM IV, however, fails to identify the cases clinically significant described as bipolar spectrum. The few researches that have attempted to evaluate the prevalence of these disorders in the community report lifetime prevalence figures of 5% to 10% for the whole spectrum. METHOD: The data from the Sesto Fiorentino Study, a community survey conducted by clinical interviewers using a typically clinical instrument, have been re-analysed...
August 2006: Journal of Affective Disorders
Vittorio Cacciafesta, Maria Francesca Sfondrini, Paola Stifanelli, Andrea Scribante, Catherine Klersy
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of study was to assess the effect of chlorhexidine application on the shear bond strength and bond failure site of a resin-modified glass ionomer (Fuji Ortho LC, GC Europe, Leuven, Belgium). METHODS: Forty-five bovine permanent mandibular incisors were randomly divided into 3 groups of 15. Group 1 had no chlorhexidine treatment and served as the control; groups 2 and 3 had chlorhexidine application immediately before and 1 week before bonding, respectively...
February 2006: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Carlo Faravelli, Luca Abrardi, Daniela Bartolozzi, Cristiana Cecchi, Fiammetta Cosci, Donato D'Adamo, Beatrice Lo Iacono, Claudia Ravaldi, Maria Alessandra Scarpato, Elisabetta Truglia, Paolo Maria Rossi Prodi, Simone Rosi
BACKGROUND: It has been argued that lay interviewers' use of fully-structured interviews could lead to a diagnostic pattern different to that by treating physicians. Clinical interviewers in community samples should probably identify cases that are closer to those seen in clinical settings. The greatest advantage of using clinical interviewers consists of the immediate assessment of a possible psychopathology, i.e. the evaluation of current disorders. METHODS: Two thousand three hundred and sixty-three citizens from the community of Sesto Fiorentino, Italy, were interviewed by their own general practitioners using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI)...
July 2004: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
Carlo Faravelli, Luca Abrardi, Daniela Bartolozzi, Cristiana Cecchi, Fiammetta Cosci, Donato D'Adamo, Beatrice Lo Iacono, Claudia Ravaldi, Maria Alessandra Scarpato, Elisabetta Truglia, Simone Rosi
BACKGROUND: This paper presents lifetime prevalences and estimated risks of DSM-IV psychiatric disorders from a community survey conducted in Sesto Fiorentino, Italy, using psychiatric interviewers with clinical experience and clinical instruments. METHODS: Two thousand five hundred subjects aged 14 or more were randomly selected from the lists of 15 general practitioners (GPs) regardless of whether or not they had consulted the GP. A three-phase design was adopted, with the GPs using the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI) for the first stage...
July 2004: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
C Faravelli, T Zucchi, B Viviani, R Salmoria, A Perone, A Paionni, A Scarpato, D Vigliaturo, S Rosi, D D'adamo, D Bartolozzi, C Cecchi, L Abrardi
The recent epidemiologic studies report extremely varied rates for social phobia (SP). One of the reasons for this may be the difficulty in diagnosing SP, the boundaries of which are uncertain. A community survey was carried out using doctors with experience in clinical psychiatry as interviewers, and a clinical diagnostic instrument. Two thousand three hundred and fifty-five people (out of the 2,500 randomly selected from the population) living in Sesto Fiorentino, a suburb of Florence, Italy, were interviewed by their own general practitioner, using the MINI plus six additional questions...
February 2000: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
S Palmeri, V Gebbia, A Russo, N Gebbia, L Rausa
Thirteen patients with histologically proven advanced and/or metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) were treated with vinblastine (Velbe, Eli Lilly, Sesto Fiorentino, Italy) and interferon-alpha-2a (Roferon-A, Roche, Milan). Eleven out of 13 patients were evaluable. Eighteen percent of patients had partial response, 46% stable disease (SD), and 36% progressive disease (PD). The mean survival of responders was 228+ days, whereas the patients showing SD and PD had a mean survival of 154+ and 107+ days respectively...
February 28, 1990: Tumori
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