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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545243/ficus-umbellata-vahl-moraceae-stem-bark-extracts-exert-antitumor-activities-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#1
Kevine Kamga Silihe, Stéphane Zingue, Evelyn Winter, Charline Florence Awounfack, Anupam Bishayee, Nishil N Desai, Leônidas João Mello, Thomas Michel, Francine Nzufo Tankeu, Derek Tantoh Ndinteh, Sara Honorine Riwom, Dieudonné Njamen, Tânia Beatriz Creczynski-Pasa
A Ficus umbellata is used to treat cancer. The present work was therefore designed to assess antitumor potentials of F. umbellata extracts in nine different cell lines. Cell cycle, apoptosis, cell migration/invasion, levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), caspases activities as well as Bcl-2 and Bcl-xL protein content were assessed in MDA-MB-231 cells. The 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene (DMBA)-induced carcinogenesis in rats were also used to investigate antitumor potential of F...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544051/crisis-at-guy-s-hospital-1880-and-the-nature-of-nursing-work
#2
Sheri Tesseyman, Christine Hallett, Jane Brooks
This historical study aims to refine understanding of the nature of nursing work. The study focuses on the 1880 crisis at Guy's Hospital in London to examine the nature and meaning of nursing work, particularly the concept of nursing work as many 'little things.' In this paper, an examination of Margaret Lonsdale's writing offers an original contribution to our understanding of the ways in which nursing work differs from medical practice. In this way, we use the late-nineteenth-century controversy at Guy's Hospital as a prism through which to examine the contested nature of nursing work...
May 23, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539393/phencyclidine-pcp-administration-during-neurodevelopment-alters-network-activity-in-prefrontal-cortex-and-hippocampus-in-adult-rats
#3
Celia Kjaerby, Nanna Hovelsø, Nils Ole Dalby, Florence Sotty
Symptoms of schizophrenia have been linked to insults during neurodevelopment such as NMDA receptor antagonist exposure. In animal models, this leads to schizophrenia-like behavioral symptoms as well as molecular and functional changes within hippocampal and prefrontal regions. The aim of this study was to determine how administration with the NMDA receptor antagonist, phencyclidine (PCP), during neurodevelopment affects functional network changes within the hippocampus and medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). We recorded field potentials in vivo following electrical brainstem stimulation and observed a suppression of evoked theta power in ventral hippocampus, while evoked gamma power in mPFC was enhanced in rats administered neonatally with PCP...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539165/drug-holidays-from-bisphosphonates-and-denosumab-in-postmenopausal-osteoporosis-emas-position-statement
#4
REVIEW
Panagiotis Anagnostis, Stavroula A Paschou, Gesthimani Mintziori, Iuliana Ceausu, Herman Depypere, Irene Lambrinoudaki, Alfred Mueck, Faustino R Pérez-López, Margaret Rees, Levent M Senturk, Tommaso Simoncini, John C Stevenson, Petra Stute, Florence A Trémollieres, Dimitrios G Goulis
BACKGROUND: Bisphosphonates and denosumab are used extensively in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Despite their proven efficacy in the reduction of vertebral and non-vertebral fractures, their optimal duration of use has not been determined. The occurrence of adverse effects, such as osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) and atypical femoral fractures (AFF), has raised the issue of bisphosphonate or denosumab discontinuation ("drug holiday") after a certain treatment period. AIM: To assess the effect of bisphosphonate and denosumab discontinuation on fracture risk, as well as its possible benefits in reducing the risk of adverse effects...
July 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538221/retinal-microvasculature-in-nonproliferative-diabetic-retinopathy-automated-quantitative-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-assessment
#5
Marco Lupidi, Gabriel Coscas, Florence Coscas, Tito Fiore, Elisa Spaccini, Daniela Fruttini, Carlo Cagini
PURPOSE: To perform a qualitative and quantitative assessment of the foveal microvasculature in eyes with diabetic maculopathy using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCT-A). METHODS: Retrospective case series of 48 eyes with diabetic maculopathy and 47 healthy eyes evaluated by Spectralis OCT-A. Perifoveal arcade disruptions, linear vascular dilations, microaneurysms, intraretinal microvascular abnormalities and flow-void areas were qualitatively analyzed on OCT angiograms both for the superficial (SCP) and deep (DCP) capillary plexuses...
May 25, 2017: Ophthalmic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537162/nightingale-commemoration
#6
(no author information available yet)
The life and legacy of Florence Nightingale has been celebrated at Westminster Abbey.
May 24, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536303/implementing-a-fee-for-service-cervical-cancer-screening-and-treatment-program-in-cameroon-challenges-and-opportunities
#7
Geneva DeGregorio, Simon Manga, Edith Kiyang, Florence Manjuh, Leslie Bradford, Preetam Cholli, Richard Wamai, Rebecca Ogembo, Zacharie Sando, Yuxin Liu, Lisa Kennedy Sheldon, Kathleen Nulah, Thomas Welty, Edith Welty, Javier Gordon Ogembo
BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer screening is one of the most effective cancer prevention strategies, but most women in Africa have never been screened. In 2007, the Cameroon Baptist Convention Health Services, a large faith-based health care system in Cameroon, initiated the Women's Health Program (WHP) to address this disparity. The WHP provides fee-for-service cervical cancer screening using visual inspection with acetic acid enhanced by digital cervicography (VIA-DC), prioritizing care for women living with HIV/AIDS...
May 23, 2017: Oncologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535203/are-moxifloxacin-and-levofloxacin-equally-effective-to-treat-xdr-tuberculosis
#8
Thomas Maitre, Grégoire Petitjean, Aurélie Chauffour, Christine Bernard, Najoua El Helali, Vincent Jarlier, Florence Reibel, Pascal Chavanet, Alexandra Aubry, Nicolas Veziris
Background: : Moxifloxacin retains partial activity against some fluoroquinolone-resistant mutants of Mycobacterium tuberculosis . Levofloxacin is presumed to be as active as moxifloxacin against drug-susceptible tuberculosis and to have a better safety profile. Objectives: : To compare the in vivo activity of levofloxacin and moxifloxacin against M. tuberculosis strains with various levels of fluoroquinolone resistance. Methods: BALB/c mice were intravenously infected with 10 6 M...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532893/making-a-difference-in-medical-trainees-attitudes-toward-latino-patients-a-pilot-study-of-an-intervention-to-modify-implicit-and-explicit-attitudes
#9
Mimi V Chapman, William J Hall, Kent Lee, Robert Colby, Tamera Coyne-Beasley, Steve Day, Eugenia Eng, Alexandra F Lightfoot, Yesenia Merino, Florence M Simán, Tainayah Thomas, Kari Thatcher, Keith Payne
Negative attitudes and discrimination against Latinos exist in the dominant U.S. culture and in healthcare systems, contributing to ongoing health disparities. This article provides findings of a pilot test of Yo Veo Salud (I See Health), an intervention designed to positively modify attitudes toward Latinos among medical trainees. The research question was: Compared to the comparison group, did the intervention group show lower levels of implicit bias against Latinos versus Whites, and higher levels of ethnocultural empathy, healthcare empathy, and patient-centeredness? We used a sequential cohort, post-test design to evaluate Yo Veo Salud with a sample of 69 medical trainees...
May 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532444/haemoglobin-level-increase-as-an-efficacy-biomarker-during-axitinib-treatment-for-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-retrospective-study
#10
Alison C Johnson, Margarida Matias, Helen Boyle, Bernard Escudier, Alicia Molinier, Brigitte Laguerre, Carole Helissey, Pierre-Emmanuel Brachet, Audrey Emmanuelle Dugué, Loic Mourey, Elodie Coquan, Florence Joly
BACKGROUND: Axitinib is used after failure of first line treatment for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). A known side effect is the increase of haemoglobin level (HbL) during treatment with a suspected correlation with better outcome. Our objective was to examine whether HbL increase during the first three months of axitinib treatment is associated with better prognosis. METHODS: Retrospective multicentre analysis including patients with mRCC treated with axitinib for at least three months from 2012 to 2014...
May 22, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532422/conclusions-in-systematic-reviews-of-mammography-for-breast-cancer-screening-and-associations-with-review-design-and-author-characteristics
#11
Smriti Raichand, Adam G Dunn, Mei-Sing Ong, Florence T Bourgeois, Enrico Coiera, Kenneth D Mandl
BACKGROUND: Debates about the benefits and harms of mammography continue despite the accumulation of evidence. We sought to quantify the disagreement across systematic reviews of mammography and determine whether author or design characteristics were associated with conclusions that were favourable to the use of mammography for routine breast cancer screening. METHODS: We identified systematic reviews of mammography published between January 2000 and November 2015, and extracted information about the selection of evidence, age groups, the use of meta-analysis, and authors' professions and financial competing interest disclosures...
May 22, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528147/variability-and-reproducibility-of-segmental%C3%A2-longitudinal-strain-measurement-a-report-from-the-eacvi-ase-strain-standardization-task%C3%A2-force
#12
Oana Mirea, Efstathios D Pagourelias, Jurgen Duchenne, Jan Bogaert, James D Thomas, Luigi P Badano, Jens-Uwe Voigt
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we compared left ventricular (LV) segmental strain measurements obtained with different ultrasound machines and post-processing software packages. BACKGROUND: Global longitudinal strain (GLS) has proven to be a reproducible and valuable tool in clinical practice. Data about the reproducibility and intervendor differences of segmental strain measurements, however, are missing. METHODS: We included 63 volunteers with cardiac magnetic resonance-proven infarct scar with segmental LV function ranging from normal to severely impaired...
May 12, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527952/community-gardening-in-poor-neighborhoods-in-france-a-way-to-re-think-food-practices
#13
Pauline Martin, Jean-Noël Consalès, Pascale Scheromm, Paul Marchand, Florence Ghestem, Nicole Darmon
Social inequalities in diet are attributed to sociocultural determinants, economic constraints, and unequal access to healthy food. Fruits and vegetables are lacking in the diets of disadvantaged populations. The objective was to test the hypothesis that, in poor neighborhoods, community gardeners will have larger supply of healthy food, especially fruit and vegetables, than non-gardeners. We examined community gardens from the perspective of production, economics and nutrition, and social and symbolic dimensions, through multidisciplinary investigations involving women with access to a community garden plot in a poor neighborhood of Marseille, France...
May 17, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525992/water-and-beverage-consumption-patterns-among-4-to-13-year-old-children-in-the-united-kingdom
#14
Florent Vieux, Matthieu Maillot, Florence Constant, Adam Drewnowski
BACKGROUND: The UK government has announced a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages. The aim of this study was to assess consumption patterns for plain drinking water relative to sugary beverages among UK children. METHODS: Dietary intake data for 845 children aged 4-13 years came from the nationally representative cross-sectional National Diet and Nutrition Survey, 2008-2011. Beverage categories were drinking water (tap or bottled), milk, 100% fruit juices, soda, fruit drinks, tea, coffee, sports drinks, flavored waters, and liquid supplements...
May 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525423/congenital-infantile-fibrosarcoma-associated-with-a-lipofibromatosis-like-component-one-train-may-be-hiding-another
#15
Romain Swiadkiewicz, Louise Galmiche, Kahina Belhous, Olivia Boccara, Sylvie Fraitag, Florence Pedeutour, Bérangère Dadone, Jacques Buis, Arnaud Picard, Daniel Orbach, Natacha Kadlub
Congenital infantile fibrosarcoma (CIFS) is a soft tissue sarcoma of infants mainly involving lower extremities and usually developing during the first year of life. At another end of the spectrum of pediatric fibroblastic lesions, lipofibromatosis is a rare benign infiltrative soft tissue tumor that affects children. The authors report in this study a particular presentation with a CIFS surrounded by lipofibromatosis-like areas. The presence of a surrounding benign tumor confused and delayed CIFS diagnosis...
June 2017: American Journal of Dermatopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524456/endothelial-microparticles-released-by-activated-protein-c-protect-beta-cells-through-epcr-par1-and-annexin-a1-fpr2-pathways-in-islets
#16
Guillaume Kreutter, Mohamad Kassem, Ali El Habhab, Philippe Baltzinger, Malak Abbas, Julie Boisrame-Helms, Lamia Amoura, Jean Peluso, Blandine Yver, Zobairi Fatiha, Geneviève Ubeaud-Sequier, Laurence Kessler, Florence Toti
Islet transplantation is associated with early ischaemia/reperfusion, localized coagulation and redox-sensitive endothelial dysfunction. In animal models, islet cytoprotection by activated protein C (aPC) restores islet vascularization and protects graft function, suggesting that aPC triggers various lineages. aPC also prompts the release of endothelial MP that bear EPCR, its specific receptor. Microparticles (MP) are plasma membrane procoagulant vesicles, surrogate markers of stress and cellular effectors...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524293/the-contribution-of-direct-patient-reported-adrs-to-drug-safety-signals-in-the-netherlands-from-2010-to-2015
#17
Florence van Hunsel, Susan de Waal, Linda Härmark
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the contribution of patient reports to signals sent by the Netherlands Pharmacovigilance Centre Lareb to the Dutch Medicines Evaluation Board and to determine if there are certain types of signals where patient report add a distinct contribution. METHOD: All signals from 2010 until 2015 were included. First, we investigated how many patient reports were present in the signals and the characteristics of these reports compared to the health care professional and marketing authorization holders' reports...
May 19, 2017: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523487/unplanned-reoperation-following-colorectal-surgery-indications-and-operations
#18
Alex D Michaels, Matthew G Mullen, Christopher A Guidry, Elizabeth D Krebs, Florence E Turrentine, Traci L Hedrick, Charles M Friel
AIM: Prior studies have demonstrated a reoperation rate ranging from 5.8 to 7.6% following colorectal surgery. However, the indications for reoperation have not been extensively evaluated. We aimed to describe the indications for reoperation and associated procedures following colorectal resection. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of all patients undergoing colorectal resection at a single institution from 2003 to 2013. For patients who returned to the operating room, the primary indication was categorized into mutually exclusive categories and all procedures performed within 30 days of the initial operation were indexed...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522856/diagnosing-congenital-malaria-in-a-high-transmission-setting-clinical-relevance-and-usefulness-of-p-falciparum-hrp2-based-testing
#19
Hamtandi Magloire Natama, Delwendé Florence Ouedraogo, Hermann Sorgho, Eduard Rovira-Vallbona, Elisa Serra-Casas, M Athanase Somé, Maminata Coulibaly-Traoré, Petra F Mens, Luc Kestens, Halidou Tinto, Anna Rosanas-Urgell
Congenital malaria diagnosis is challenging due to frequently observed low parasite density infections, while their clinical relevance during early infancy is not well characterized. In Nanoro health district (Burkina Faso), we determined the prevalence of congenital malaria by real-time quantitative PCR and we assessed the performance of rapid diagnosis test (RDT) and light microscopy (LM) to detect Plasmodium falciparum infections in cord-blood samples. In addition, we examined the usefulness of P. falciparum Histidine Rich Protein2 (PfHRP2) as surrogate biomarker of infection and explored association between congenital malaria and clinical outcomes...
May 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522284/corrigendum-to-development-of-a-new-pcr-based-assay-to-detect-anaplasmataceae-and-the-first-report-of-anaplasma-phagocytophilum-and-anaplasma-platys-in-cattle-from-algeria-comp-immunol-microbiol-infect-dis-4-39-2015-39-45-elsevier-ltd
#20
Mustapha Dahmani, Bernard Davoust, Mohamed Seghir Benterki, Florence Fenollar, Didier Raoult, Oleg Mediannikov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
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