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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525822/the-interplay-between-diabetes-depression-and-affective-temperaments-a-structural-equation-model
#1
Martino Belvederi Murri, Sara Mamberto, Lucia Briatore, Chiara Mazzucchelli, Mario Amore, Renzo Cordera
BACKGROUND: Diabetes and depression are reciprocally linked, but few studies modeled their interplay considering the influence of affective temperaments (AT) and demographic factors. METHODS: Participants with type 1 and type 2 diabetes (T1DM and T2DM, n=279) recruited from Diabetes Units were assessed with the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego-autoquestionnaire version (TEMPS-A), Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS), Diabetes Distress Scale (DDS) and Cumulative Illness Rating Scales (CIRS)...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522980/acculturation-and-school-adjustment-of-immigrant-youth-in-six-european-countries-findings-from-the-programme-for-international-student-assessment-pisa
#2
Maja K Schachner, Jia He, Boris Heizmann, Fons J R Van de Vijver
School adjustment determines long-term adjustment in society. Yet, immigrant youth do better in some countries than in others. Drawing on acculturation research (Berry, 1997; Ward, 2001) and self-determination theory (Ryan and Deci, 2000), we investigated indirect effects of adolescent immigrants' acculturation orientations on school adjustment (school-related attitudes, truancy, and mathematics achievement) through school belonging. Analyses were based on data from the Programme for International Student Assessment from six European countries, which were combined into three clusters based on their migrant integration and multicultural policies: Those with the most supportive policies (Belgium and Finland), those with moderately supportive policies (Italy and Portugal), and those with the most unsupportive policies (Denmark and Slovenia)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517046/three-dimensional-proximal-flow-convergence-automatic-calculation-for-determining-mitral-valve-area-in-rheumatic-mitral-stenosis
#3
Francisco Sampaio, Ricardo Ladeiras-Lopes, João Almeida, Paulo Fonseca, Ricardo Fontes-Carvalho, José Ribeiro, Vasco Gama
PURPOSE: Management of patients with mitral stenosis (MS) depends heavily on the accurate quantification of mitral valve area (MVA) using echocardiography. All currently used two-dimensional (2D) methods have limitations. Estimation of MVA using the proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) method with real time three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography may circumvent those limitations. We aimed to evaluate the accuracy of 3D direct measurement of PISA in the estimation of MVA. METHODS: Twenty-seven consecutive patients (median age of 63 years; 77...
May 18, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505999/efficacy-of-a-combined-therapeutic-approach-in-the-management-of-pisa-syndrome
#4
Siria Di Martino, Elisa Unti, Caterina Tramonti, Sonia Mazzucchi, Ubaldo Bonuccelli, Bruno Rossi, Roberto Ceravolo, Carmelo Chisari
BACKGROUND: Pisa syndrome (PS) represents an important source of disability in Parkinson's disease (PD). Currently no consensus has been reached on its definition or diagnostic criteria, and therapeutic approaches are unspecific and often futile. Recently the role of abdominal muscles, and in particular of the external oblique (EO), in the pathogenesis of PS was hypothesized. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of EO and propose a combined therapeutic approach in the management of PS...
May 11, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502642/molecular-detection-of-tick-borne-pathogens-in-wild-red-foxes-vulpes-vulpes-from-central-italy
#5
Valentina Virginia Ebani, Guido Rocchigiani, Simona Nardoni, Fabrizio Bertelloni, Violetta Vasta, Roberto Amerigo Papini, Ranieri Verin, Alessandro Poli, Francesca Mancianti
Spleen samples from 153 red foxes, shot during regular hunting season in the province of Pisa (Central Italy), were examined to detect DNA of Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Ehrlichia canis, Coxiella burnetii, Francisella tularensis, Hepatozoon canis and Babesia sp./Theileria sp. DNA of vector-borne pathogens was detected in 120 (78.43%; 95% CI: 71.06-84.66%) foxes. Specifically, 75 (49%; 95% CI: 40.86-57.22%) animals scored PCR-positive per H. canis, 68 (44.44%; 95% CI: 36.42-52.69%) for E. canis, 35 (22.88%; 95% CI: 16...
May 11, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497960/using-dynamic-covalent-chemistry-to-drive-morphological-transitions-controlled-release-of-encapsulated-nanoparticles-from-block-copolymer-vesicles
#6
Renhua Deng, Matthew J Derry, Charlotte J Mable, Yin Ning, Steven P Armes
Dynamic covalent chemistry is exploited to drive morphological order-order transitions to achieve the controlled release of a model payload (e.g., silica nanoparticles) encapsulated within block copolymer vesicles. More specifically, poly(glycerol monomethacrylate)-poly(2-hydroxypropyl methacrylate) (PGMA-PHPMA) diblock copolymer vesicles were prepared via aqueous polymerization-induced self-assembly in either the presence or absence of silica nanoparticles. Addition of 3-aminophenylboronic acid (APBA) to such vesicles results in specific binding of this reagent to some of the pendent cis-diol groups on the hydrophilic PGMA chains to form phenylboronate ester bonds in mildly alkaline aqueous solution (pH ∼ 10)...
May 23, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497887/surviving-moment-to-moment-the-experience-of-living-in-a-state-of-ambivalence-for-those-with-recurrent-suicide-attempts
#7
Yvonne Bergmans, Evelyn Gordon, Rahel Eynan
OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study aimed to capture the experience of living in the ambivalent space between life and death for adults with recurrent suicide attempts (RSA). It sought to expand upon an earlier study that explored the processes involved in transitioning away from RSA among adults, which revealed that occupying this ambivalent space is a crucial part of this process. DESIGN: Interpretive phenomenological analysis (IPA) was used. This methodology was designed to explore the lived experiences and meaning making and enabled interpretation of the multidimensional subjective experiences of RSA participants...
May 12, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496418/toward-the-identification-of-a-specific-psychopathology-of-substance-use-disorders
#8
REVIEW
Angelo G I Maremmani, Pier Paolo Pani, Luca Rovai, Silvia Bacciardi, Icro Maremmani
Addiction is a mental illness in which psychiatric conditions imply a prominent burden. Psychopathological symptoms in substance use disorder (SUD) patients are usually viewed as being assignable to the sphere of a personality trait or of comorbidity, leaving doubts about the presence of a specific psychopathology that could only be related to the toxicomanic process. Our research group at the University of Pisa has shed light on the possible definition of a specific psychopathological dimension in SUDs. In heroin use disorder patients, performing an exploratory principal component factor analysis (PCA) on all the 90 items included in the SCL-90 questionnaire led to a five-factor solution...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494162/are-automatic-systems-the-future-of-motorcycle-safety-a-novel-methodology-to-prioritize-potential-safety-solutions-based-on-their-projected-effectiveness
#9
Gustavo Gil, Giovanni Savino, Simone Piantini, Niccolò Baldanzini, Riender Happee, Marco Pierini
OBJECTIVE: Motorcycle riders are involved in significantly more crashes per kilometer driven than passenger car drivers. Nonetheless, the development and implementation of motorcycle safety systems lags far behind that of passenger cars. This research addresses the identification of the most effective motorcycle safety solutions in the context of different countries. METHODS: A Knowledge-Based system of Motorcycle Safety (KBMS) was developed to assess the potential for various safety solutions to mitigate or avoid motorcycle crashes...
May 11, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489777/affective-temperament-does-not-influence-satisfaction-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#10
Mahmut Özdemir, İsmail Demirkale, Hakan Şeşen, Anil Taşkesen, Mustafa C Okkaoğlu, Murat Altay
BACKGROUND: Inherent temperament of the patient may predict the outcome of the surgical procedure. The purpose of this study was to ascertain whether negative affective temperament affects patient satisfaction and outcome measures. METHODS: This prospective study included 143 patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty for primary arthrosis. Preoperatively, the Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego-Auto questionnaire was used to define the temperament of the patient...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483085/biopsychosocial-predictors-of-interferon-related-depression-in-patients-with-hepatitis-c
#11
Martino Belvederi Murri, Angela Chiara Cecere, Mattia Masotti, Giorgio Sammito, Alessandra la Marca, Giuseppe Valerio Torres, Iris Bonfitto, Edwige Cuozzo, Luca Rossi, Gaetano Serviddio, Rosanna Villani, Antonino Picciotto, Antonello Bellomo, Mario Amore
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to examine the role of different bio-psycho-social risk factors for the onset of depression among patients with Hepatitis C (HCV) treated with Interferon alpha (IFN). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with HCV were recruited and assessed prospectively at baseline and after 4, 8, and 24 weeks since the start of IFN treatment. Assessments included the Hamilton Depression and Anxiety Rating Scales (HAM-D and HAM-A), Toronto Alexithymia Scale, Temperament Evaluation of the Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego, 110 item version (TEMPS-A), Young Mania Rating Scale and other assessment tools...
April 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480997/nucleic-acid-templated-reactions-for-chemical-biology
#12
Margherita Di Pisa, Oliver Seitz
Nucleic acid directed bioorthogonal reactions offer the fascinating opportunity to potentially unveil and redirect a plethora of intracellular mechanisms. Nano- to picomolar amounts of specific RNA molecules serve as templates and catalyze the selective formation of molecules that i) exert biological effects or ii) provide measurable signals for RNA detection. Turnover of reactants on the template is a valuable asset when concentrations of RNA templates are low. The idea is to use RNA templated reactions to fully control biodistribution of drugs as well as pushing the detection limits of DNA or RNA analytes to extraordinary sensitivities...
May 8, 2017: ChemMedChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480555/quantitation-of-valve-regurgitation-severity-by-three-dimensional-vena-contracta-area-is-superior-to-flow-convergence-method-of-quantitation-on-transesophageal-echocardiography
#13
Muaz M Abudiab, Chieh-Ju Chao, Shuang Liu, Tasneem Z Naqvi
BACKGROUND: Quantitation of regurgitation severity using the proximal isovelocity acceleration (PISA) method to calculate effective regurgitant orifice (ERO) area has limitations. Measurement of three-dimensional (3D) vena contracta area (VCA) accurately grades mitral regurgitation (MR) severity on transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). METHODS: We evaluated 3D VCA quantitation of regurgitant jet severity using 3D transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in 110 native mitral, aortic, and tricuspid valves and six prosthetic valves in patients with at least mild valvular regurgitation...
May 7, 2017: Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478961/biobanking-towards-increased-access-of-biomaterials-in-cystic-fibrosis-report-on-the-pre-conference-meeting-to-the-13th-ecfs-basic-science-conference-pisa-30-march-2-april-2016
#14
Jeffrey M Beekman, Chiuhui Mary Wang, Sara Casati, Katherine L Tuggle, Vincent A M Gulmans, Margarida Amaral, Kris De Boeck
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478765/gender-equality-and-the-gender-gap-in-mathematics
#15
Hung-Lin Tao, Christos Michalopoulos
A gender gap has been found in mathematics (boys outperform girls) that has prevailed across countries for many decades. Whether this gap results from nature or nurture has been hotly debated. Using the evidence of PISA 2003 and the gender equality index of 2003, some researchers have argued that an improvement in gender equality reduces the gender gap in mathematics. This study used five waves of country-level PISA data and, controlling for country fixed effects, found no evidence to support this argument...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Biosocial Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467955/the-impact-of-currently-recommended-antihypertensive-therapy-on-depression-and-other-psychometric-parameters-preliminary-communication
#16
Beata Korosi, Andrea Laszlo, Adam Tabak, Dora Batta, Lilla Lenart, Andrea Fekete, Daniel Eorsi, Orsolya Cseprekal, Andras Tisler, Zsofia Nemcsik-Bencze, Xenia Gonda, Zoltan Rihmer, Janos Nemcsik
AIMS: Current evidence on the psychological effects of antihypertensive medications is controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of current antihypertensive medication on different psychometric parameters and on serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) level. METHODS: Psychometric, haemodynamic, arterial stiffness and laboratory parameters were evaluated before and 3 months after the initiation of antihypertensive medication in untreated hypertensive patients (HT, n=31), and once in healthy controls (CONT, n=22)...
March 2017: Neuropsychopharmacologia Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461584/teaching-video-neuroimages-lithium-induced-reversible-pisa-syndrome
#17
Niraj Kumar, Dan A Mendonça, Mandar Jog
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456073/affective-temperaments-in-anorexia-nervosa-the-relevance-of-depressive-and-anxious-traits
#18
Enrica Marzola, Secondo Fassino, Federico Amianto, Giovanni Abbate-Daga
BACKGROUND: Affective temperaments have been so far understudied in anorexia nervosa (AN) despite the relevance of personality and both affective and anxious comorbidity with regard to vulnerability, course, and outcome of this deadly disorder. METHODS: Ninety-eight female inpatients diagnosed with AN and 131 healthy controls (HCs) were enrolled in this study and completed the Temperament Evaluation of Memphis, Pisa, Paris and San Diego Autoquestionnaire (TEMPS-A) in addition to assessments of eating psychopathology, depression, and anxiety...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453826/unplanned-readmissions-within-30-days-after-discharge-improving-quality-through-easy-prediction
#19
Francesca Casalini, Susanna Salvetti, Silvia Memmini, Elena Lucaccini, Gabriele Massimetti, Pier Luigi Lopalco, Gaetano Pierpaolo Privitera
Objective: To propose an easy predictive model for the risk of rehospitalization, built from hospital administrative data, in order to prevent repeated admissions and to improve transitional care. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Setting: Azienda Ospedaliero Universitaria Pisana (Pisa University Hospital). Participants: Patients residing in the territory of the province of Pisa (Tuscany Region) with at least one unplanned hospital admission leading to a medical Diagnosis-Related Group (DRG) in the calendar year 2012...
April 1, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452906/reversible-pisa-syndrome-induced-by-rivastigmine-in-a-patient-with-early-onset-alzheimer-disease
#20
Chih-Wei Hsu, Yu Lee, Chun-Yi Lee, Pao-Yen Lin
Pisa syndrome (PS) is a state of dystonic muscle contraction with a marked truncal deviation to one side. It is an uncommon adverse effect of antipsychotic drugs, but is rarely reported in patients receiving acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, especially rivastigmine. We present a 57-year-old female patient with Alzheimer disease who began to develop symptoms of dementia at the age of 51 years. She was observed to have symptoms of PS after continuous use of rivastigmine (9 mg/d) for nearly 2 years. The PS symptoms improved after the dose of rivastigmine was reduced but recurred when the dose was added back to 9 mg/d...
May 2017: Clinical Neuropharmacology
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