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Alberto Firenze, Nicola Aleo, Clara Ferrara, Marianna Maranto, Caterina LA Cascia, Vincenzo Restivo
INTRODUCTION: Italy is the main recipient of asylum seekers in the European region, and Sicily is their first point of arrival. This geographical position creates a large job for Health Authorities to identify and deal with the health of immigrants. This study evaluates the prevalence of disease among asylum seekers, assessing which are associated factors. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted to analyse demographic and clinical data in an Acceptance Centres for Asylum Seekers from February 2012 to May 2013...
March 2016: Zdravstveno Varstvo
C Urso, B Canino, S Brucculeri, A Firenze, G Caimi
About 50% of deaths from heart failure (HF) are sudden, presumably referable to arrhythmias. Electrolyte and acid-base abnormalities are a frequent and potentially dangerous complication in HF patients. Their incidence is almost always correlated with the severity of cardiac dysfunction; furthermore leading to arrhythmias, these imbalances are associated with a poor prognosis. The frequency of ventricular ectopic beats and sudden cardiac death correlate with both plasma and whole body levels of potassium, especially in alkalemia...
July 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
Michele Solis
The 2016 Schizophrenia International Research Society (SIRS) Conference, held in Florence, Italy, attracted approximately 1,800 attendees from over 54 countries to the stately Firenze Fiera Conference Center from April 2-6, 2016. Providing plenary sessions, special sessions, symposia, workshops, oral presentations and poster presentations, this 5th Biennial SIRS Conference focused on "Deconstructing Schizophrenia towards Targeted Treatment." In conjunction with the Schizophrenia Research Forum, a Web project of the Brain and Behavior Research Foundation, and with our thanks to the SIRS organizers and staff, we bring you the following selected highlights...
2016: Clinical Schizophrenia & related Psychoses
Gaurav Prakash, Reena Philip, Dhruv Srivastava, Ruthchel Bacero
PURPOSE: To evaluate the robustness of numerical indications of corneal cross-linking by evaluating the inter-session reliability of recently used parameters of progression in keratoconus. METHODS: In this observational study, 100 eyes of 100 patients with keratoconus underwent analysis with the Sirius Scheimpflug Topography System (CSO, Firenze, Italy) by a single user. Two sessions (three scans per session) were performed 2 to 4 weeks apart. Cases having poor quality scans, recent visual deterioration, and ocular surgery were excluded...
July 1, 2016: Journal of Refractive Surgery
Daniele Grechi
On March 2015, the Environmental Protection Agency of Tuscany Region (Central Italy) and the Laboratory of monitoring and environmental modelling published a Report on spatial representativeness of monitoring stations for Tuscan air quality, where they supported the decommissioning of modelling stations located in the Florentine Plain. The stations of Signa, Scandicci, and Firenze-Bassi, located in a further South area, were considered representative Believing that air quality of the Plain could be evaluated by these stations is a stretch...
March 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
O Di Fede, A Bedogni, F Giancola, G Saia, G Bettini, F Toia, N D'Alessandro, A Firenze, D Matranga, S Fedele, G Campisi
OBJECTIVE: Osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) is a potentially severe adverse effect of various medications (bisphosphonates, anti-resorptive, and anti-angiogenic drugs). ONJ pathogenesis is still unclear although some risk factors have been recognized. Of these, rheumatoid arthritis (RA) has been hypothesized as a potential risk factor for developing ONJ. This observational study will describe a multicenter case series of patients affected with RA and ONJ, and it will attempt to evaluate the association between features of ONJ and pharmacological, systemic, and site variables...
September 2016: Oral Diseases
L Di Furia, M R Rusciano, L Leonardini, P Rossi, C Giammarchi, E Vittori, S Tilocca, F L Russo, P Montuori, M Triassi, A Nardone, M D Giaimo, M Migazzi, S Piffer, A Iaria, A Trapasso, A Firenze, R Cristaudo, M Revello, A Castiglion, V Zagonel, G Iaccarino, A Addis, L Natale, C Di Somma, A Colao, A Perra, K Giova, N Montuori, M Illario
Among lifestyle factors, nutrition is one of the most important determinants of health, and represents a pivotal element of cancer risk. Nonetheless, epidemiological evidences of the relationship between several cancers and specific foods and nutrients is still inadequate, and solid conclusions are missing. Indeed, caloric restriction without malnutrition is associated to cancer prevention. Food may be also the primary route of exposure to contaminants such as metals, persistent organic pollutants, and pesticides...
December 2015: Translational Medicine @ UniSa
Daniela Bosia, Donatella Marino, Gabriella Peretti
BACKGROUND: Healthcare building humanisation is currently a widely debated issue and the development of patient centered and evidence based design is growing worldwide. Many international health organizations and researchers understand the importance of Patient Centred Design and leading architects incorporate it into the design process. In Italy this design approach is still at an early stage. The article refers to research commissioned by the Italian Health Ministry and carried out by R...
2016: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
Garden Tabacchi, Antonino Bianco, Nicola Alessi, Anna Rita Filippi, Giuseppe Napoli, Monèm Jemni, Laura Censi, João Breda, Nathali Lehmann Schumann, Alberto Firenze, Francesco Vitale, Caterina Mammina
The Adolescents Surveillance System for Obesity prevention (ASSO) Project aimed at developing standardized and web-based tools for collecting data on adolescents' obesity and its potential determinants. This has been implemented and piloted in the local area of Palermo city, Italy. The aim of the present study is to provide an overview of the Project's design, implementation, and evaluation, highlighting all the aspects for a potential scale-up of the surveillance system on the whole national territory and abroad, as a sustainable and effective source of data...
March 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2016: European Spine Journal
F Guarnieri, F Calastrini, C Busillo, G Messeri, B Gozzini
The mixing layer height (MLH) is a crucial parameter in order to investigate the near surface concentrations of air pollutants. The MLH can be estimated by measurements of some atmospheric variables, by indirect estimates based on trace gases concentration or aerosol, or by numerical models. Here, a modelling approach is proposed. The developed modelling system is based on the models WRF-ARW and CALMET. This system is applied on Firenze-Prato-Pistoia area (Central Italy), during 2010, and it is compared with in situ measurements...
2015: TheScientificWorldJournal
Silvia Orlandi, Carlos Alberto Reyes Garcia, Andrea Bandini, Gianpaolo Donzelli, Claudia Manfredi
OBJECTIVES: Scientific and clinical advances in perinatology and neonatology have enhanced the chances of survival of preterm and very low weight neonates. Infant cry analysis is a suitable noninvasive complementary tool to assess the neurologic state of infants particularly important in the case of preterm neonates. This article aims at exploiting differences between full-term and preterm infant cry with robust automatic acoustical analysis and data mining techniques. STUDY DESIGN: Twenty-two acoustical parameters are estimated in more than 3000 cry units from cry recordings of 28 full-term and 10 preterm newborns...
November 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Daniele Pastori, Alessio Farcomeni, Daniela Poli, Emilia Antonucci, Francesco Angelico, Maria Del Ben, Roberto Cangemi, Gaetano Tanzilli, Gregory Yoke Hong Lip, Pasquale Pignatelli, Francesco Violi
Recent findings suggest that patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (AF), in addition to having a high risk for ischemic stroke, are also at risk for myocardial infarction (MI). The aim of the study was to combine factors predicting Major Adverse Cardiovascular Events (MACE) in AF patients, including fatal/nonfatal MI, cardiac revascularization, and cardiovascular death, into a simple risk score. Predictors of MACE were obtained from a prospective observational cohort study, including 1019 AF patients taking vitamin K antagonists from the Atherothrombosis Center, of Sapienza University of Rome...
March 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
Garden Tabacchi, Anna Rita Filippi, Emanuele Amodio, Monèm Jemni, Antonino Bianco, Alberto Firenze, Caterina Mammina
OBJECTIVE: The present work is aimed at meta-analysing validity studies of FFQ for adolescents, to investigate their overall accuracy and variables that can affect it negatively. DESIGN: A meta-analysis of sixteen original articles was performed within the ASSO Project (Adolescents and Surveillance System in the Obesity prevention). SETTING: The articles assessed the validity of FFQ for adolescents, compared with food records or 24 h recalls, with regard to energy and nutrient intakes...
May 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Francesca Martella, Carlotta Bacci, Clara Giordano, Francesco Montagnani, Elena Gelain, Loredana Rabatti, Luisa Fioretto
AIM: EMA licensed eribulin mesylate in 2011 for women with advanced breast cancer already treated with at least two lines of chemotherapy, including anthracyclines and taxanes. Azienda Sanitaria Firenze experience is reported to assess the efficacy and safety of eribulin in the real-life setting. PATIENTS & METHODS: Eribulin was infused as per indication. All women treated in the last 2 years were reviewed. RESULTS: A total of 27 women received eribulin...
2015: Future Oncology
Miguel Del Valle, María Isabel Díaz Zorita, Nuria Stepansky, Mónica García Barthe, María Celeste Rodríguez, María Del Pilar Sánchez, María Mabel Garra, María Martha Cúneo, Cristina Coglianese, Lorena Firenze Aldeghi, María de la Paz Jaureguizar, Beatriz Muraciole, Cecilia Selinger, Gabriela Chamorro
Through history, diagnosis and management of sex development disorders has been very difficult due to the significant impact on affected children, their families and care takers, representing a great challenge to healthcare professionals. Nowadays, there is significant debate regarding these children's care and outcome. This discussion is not only a medical issue, but it also includes legal and ethical matters. The Bioethics Committee of the "Hospital de Niños Ricardo Gutiérrez" has been considering this conflict and discussing its different aspects...
June 2015: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Sheila Bonde, Clyde Briant, Paul Firenze, Julianne Hanavan, Amy Huang, Min Li, N C Narayanan, D Parthasarathy, Hongqin Zhao
The changing milieu of research--increasingly global, interdisciplinary and collaborative--prompts greater emphasis on cultural context and upon partnership with international scholars and diverse community groups. Ethics training, however, tends to ignore the cross-cultural challenges of making ethical choices. This paper confronts those challenges by presenting a new curricular model developed by an international team. It examines ethics across a very broad range of situations, using case studies and employing the perspectives of social science, humanities and the sciences...
April 2016: Science and Engineering Ethics
Giuseppe La Torre, Elisabetta De Vito, Maria Giovanna Ficarra, Alberto Firenze, Pasquale Gregorio, Silvia Miccoli, Guglielmo Giraldi, Brigid Unim, Giulio De Belvis, Antonio Boccia, Rosella Saulle, Leda Semyonov, Maria Ferrara, Elisa Langiano, Silvio Capizzi, Rosaria Nardella, Maria Grazia Laura Marsala, Valentina Bonanno, Clara Ferrara, Enrica Guidi, Mauro Bergamini, Silvia Lupi
AIM: This study evaluated the knowledge and attitudes of Italian mothers - whose daughters had been vaccinated in 2012 - towards primary (anti-HPV vaccination) and secondary (Pap test screening) cervical cancer prevention, as well as sources of information and mother-daughter communication on health issues. METHODS: The survey - part of a multicenter study carried out in 4 Italian cities (Ferrara, Rome, Cassino and Palermo) - was conducted through self-administered questionnaires...
May 2015: Tumori
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