keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Interval training

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244836/energy-compensation-after-sprint-and-high-intensity-interval-training
#1
Matthew M Schubert, Elyse Palumbo, Rebekah F Seay, Katie K Spain, Holly E Clarke
BACKGROUND: Many individuals lose less weight than expected in response to exercise interventions when considering the increased energy expenditure of exercise (ExEE). This is due to energy compensation in response to ExEE, which may include increases in energy intake (EI) and decreases in non-exercise physical activity (NEPA). We examined the degree of energy compensation in healthy young men and women in response to interval training. METHODS: Data were examined from a prior study in which 24 participants (mean age, BMI, & VO2max = 28 yrs, 27...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244607/a-survey-of-risk-factors-for-digit-injuries-among-dogs-training-and-competing-in-agility-events
#2
Debra C Sellon, Katherine Martucci, John R Wenz, Denis J Marcellin-Little, Michelle Powers, Kimberley L Cullen
OBJECTIVE To identify potential risk factors for digit injuries in dogs training and competing in agility events. DESIGN Internet-based, retrospective, cross-sectional survey. ANIMALS 1,081 dogs training or competing in agility events. PROCEDURES Data were collected for eligible animals via retrospective surveys distributed electronically to handlers of dogs participating in agility-related activities. Variables evaluated included demographic (handlers) and signalment (dogs) information, physical characteristics of dogs, and injury characteristics...
January 1, 2018: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241025/antimicrobial-usage-and-risk-of-retreatment-for-mild-to-moderate-clinical-mastitis-cases-on-dairy-farms-following-on-farm-bacterial-culture-and-selective-therapy
#3
S McDougall, J Niethammer, L E Graham
AIMS: To assess antimicrobial usage for treatment of mild to moderate clinical mastitis, and risk of retreatment, following implementation of an on-farm bacterial culture system and selective therapy based on culture results, and to assess compliance with treatment decision tree protocols and the level of agreement between results from on-farm culture and laboratory-based microbiology methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Herdowners from seven dairy herds were asked to collect milk samples from cases of mild to moderate clinical mastitis between July 2015 and May 2016...
December 14, 2017: New Zealand Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240569/paediatric-procedural-sedation-and-analgesia-by-emergency-physicians-in-a-country-with-a-recent-establishment-of-emergency-medicine
#4
Maybritt I Kuypers, Gaël J P Smits, Eva P Baerends, Erick Oskam, Eef P J Reijners, Lisette A A Mignot-Evers, Wendy A M H Thijssen, Frans B Plötz, Erik H M Korsten
OBJECTIVES: Paediatric patients receive less procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA) in the emergency department compared with adults, especially in countries where emergency medicine is at an early stage of development. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the adverse events and efficacy of paediatric PSA in a country with a recent establishment of emergency medicine and to describe which factors aided implementation. METHODS: This is a prospective, multicentre, observational study of paediatric patients undergoing PSA by the first trained emergency physicians (EPs) in The Netherlands...
December 13, 2017: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240008/genome-wide-discovery-of-a-novel-gene-expression-signature-for-the-identification-of-lymph-node-metastasis-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#5
Fuminori Sonohara, Feng Gao, Naoki Iwata, Mitsuro Kanda, Masahiko Koike, Naoki Takahashi, Yasuhide Yamada, Yasuhiro Kodera, Xin Wang, Ajay Goel
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to develop a gene-expression signature for identification of lymph node (LN) metastasis in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: LN metastasis is recognized as the most important independent risk factor for therapeutic decision-making of ESCC patients. METHODS: A bioinformatic approach was used to analyze RNA sequencing profiles of ESCC patients, and to develop a gene-expression signature for identifying LN metastasis...
December 12, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239986/practical-model-of-low-volume-paddling-based-sprint-interval-training-improves-aerobic-and-anaerobic-performances-in-professional-female-canoe-polo-athletes
#6
Mohsen Sheykhlouvand, Erfan Khalili, Mohammadali Gharaat, Hamid Arazi, Mousa Khalafi, Bahman Tarverdizadeh
Brief, intense exercise training employing running and cycling as exercise interventions may induce aerobic and anaerobic adaptations in athletes from wide range of sports. However, this has not been studied extensively for those sports in which the upper-body is predominantly involved. Our purpose was to examine the effects of kayak paddling-based sprint interval training (SIT) on cardiorespiratory fitness and anaerobic performance. 16 professional female canoe polo athletes (age = 27.6 ± 1.9 years; height = 165...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239982/postexercise-hypotension-and-heart-rate-variability-responses-subsequent-to-traditional-paired-set-and-superset-training-methods
#7
Gabriel A Paz, Eliseo Iglesias-Soler, Jeffrey M Willardson, Marianna de Freitas Maia, Humberto Miranda
The purpose of this study was to compare training volume, post-exercise hypotension (PEH) and heart rate variability (HRV) responses to different strength training methods. Thirteen trained men volunteered for this study. Three training methods were completed in a randomized design, which included: Traditional Set (TS) - three successive sets for the lying bench press (LBP), lat pulldown (LPD), incline 45° bench press (BP45), seated close-grip row (SCR), triceps extension (TE), and biceps curl (BC), with a 90 sec...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238948/antioxidants-for-preventing-and-reducing-muscle-soreness-after-exercise
#8
REVIEW
Mayur K Ranchordas, David Rogerson, Hora Soltani, Joseph T Costello
BACKGROUND: Muscle soreness typically occurs after intense exercise, unaccustomed exercise or actions that involve eccentric contractions where the muscle lengthens while under tension. It peaks between 24 and 72 hours after the initial bout of exercise. Many people take antioxidant supplements or antioxidant-enriched foods before and after exercise in the belief that these will prevent or reduce muscle soreness after exercise. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of antioxidant supplements and antioxidant-enriched foods for preventing and reducing the severity and duration of delayed onset muscle soreness following exercise...
December 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238247/effects-of-hypoxic-training-versus-normoxic-training-on-exercise-performance-in-competitive-swimmers
#9
Hun-Young Park, Kiwon Lim
In swimming competition, optimal swimming performance is characterized by a variety of interchangeable components, such as aerobic exercise capacity, anaerobic power and muscular function. Various hypoxic training methods would potentiate greater performance improvements compared to similar training at sea-level. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of six-weeks of hypoxic training on exercise performance in moderately trained competitive swimmers. Twenty swimmers were equally divided into a normoxic training group (n = 10) for residing and training at sea-level (PIO2 = 149...
December 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238242/heart-rate-variability-is-a-moderating-factor-in-the-workload-injury-relationship-of-competitive-crossfit%C3%A2-athletes
#10
Sean Williams, Thomas Booton, Matthew Watson, Daniel Rowland, Marco Altini
Heart rate variability (HRV) is a popular tool for monitoring training adaptation and readiness in athletes, but it also has the potential to indicate early signs of somatic tissue overload prior to the onset of pain or fully developed injury. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the interaction between HRV, workloads, and risk of overuse problems in competitive CrossFit™ athletes. Daily resting HRV and workloads (duration × session-RPE) were recorded in six competitive CrossFit™ athletes across a 16 week period...
December 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237356/the-influence-of-injury-definition-on-injury-burden-in-pre-professional-ballet-and-contemporary-dancers
#11
Sarah J Kenny, Luz Palacios-Derflingher, Jackie L Whittaker, Carolyn A Emery
Study Design Cohort study. Background Multiple operational definitions of injury exist in dance research. The influence that these different injury definitions have on epidemiological estimations of injury burden among dancers warrants investigation. Objective To describe the influence of injury definition on injury prevalence, incidence, and severity in pre-professional ballet and contemporary dancers. Methods Dancers registered in full-time pre-professional ballet [n=85, 77 females, median age 15-years (range 11-19)] and contemporary [n=60, 58 females, median age 19-years (range 17-30)] training completed weekly online questionnaires (modified Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre's Questionnaire on Health Problems) using three injury definitions: (1) time-loss (unable to complete ≥1 class/rehearsal/performance ≥1 day(s) beyond onset); (2) medical attention; (3) any complaint...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237310/a-pilot-study-to-assess-the-effect-of-acute-exercise-on-brain-glutathione
#12
Sahara Rai, Alimul Chowdhury, Renate L E P Reniers, Stephen J Wood, Samuel J E Lucas, Sarah Aldred
The brain is highly susceptible to oxidative stress due to its high metabolic demand. Increased oxidative stress and depletion of glutathione (GSH) are observed with aging and many neurological diseases. Exercise training has the potential to reduce oxidative stress in the brain. In this study, nine healthy sedentary males (aged 25 ± 4 years) undertook a bout of continuous moderate intensity exercise and a high-intensity interval (HII) exercise bout on separate days. GSH concentration in the anterior cingulate was assessed by magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) in four participants, before and after exercise...
December 13, 2017: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237247/efficacy-of-an-asynchronous-electronic-curriculum-in-emergency-medicine-education-in-the-united-states
#13
Alisa Wray, Kathryn Bennett, Megan Boysen-Osborn, Warren Wiechmann, Shannon Toohey
Purpose: The aim of this study was to measure the effect of an iPad-based asynchronous curriculum on emergency medicine (EM) resident performance on the in-training exam (ITE). We hypothesized that the implementation of an asynchronous curriculum (replacing one hour of weekly didactic time) would result in non-inferior ITE scores compared to those scores from historical residents who had participated in the traditional five-hour weekly didactic curriculum. Methods: The study was a retrospective, non-inferiority, cohort study...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236886/educational-status-influences-cognitive-motor-learning-in-older-adults-going-to-university-provides-greater-protection-against-aging-than-going-to-high-school
#14
Mariana Callil Voos, Maria Elisa Pimentel Piemonte, Letícia Lessa Mansur, Fátima Aparecida Caromano, Sonia Maria Dozzi Brucki, Luiz Eduardo Ribeiro do Valle
OBJECTIVE: To investigate if middle-aged and older adults with a higher education would differ from those with an average education in cognitive-motor tasks involving lower limb function. METHODS: A walking version of the Trail Making Test (Walking Executive Function Task, [WEFT]) was used. Eighty volunteers (40: 50-65 years; 40: 66-80 years) were subdivided into average (6-11years of education) and higher education (12-17 years). They received two training sessions (session 1: eight repetitions, session 2: four repetitions), with a one week-interval between them...
December 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234996/retrieval-practice-after-multiple-context-changes-but-not-long-retention-intervals-reduces-the-impact-of-a-final-context-change-on-instrumental-behavior
#15
Sydney Trask, Mark E Bouton
Recent evidence from this laboratory suggests that a context switch after operant learning consistently results in a decrement in responding. One way to reduce this decrement is to train the response in multiple contexts. One interpretation of this result, rooted in stimulus sampling theory, is that conditioning of a greater number of common stimulus elements arising from more contexts causes better generalization to new contexts. An alternative explanation is that each change of context causes more effortful retrieval, and practice involving effortful retrieval results in learning that is better able to transfer to new situations...
December 12, 2017: Learning & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234277/investigating-the-usability-and-acute-effects-of-a-bedside-video-console-to-prefrontal-cortical-activity-alterations-a-preclinical-study-in-healthy-elderly
#16
Ruud H Knols, Jaap Swanenburg, Dino De Bon, Federico Gennaro, Martin Wolf, Bernard Krüger, Dominique Bettex, Eling D de Bruin
Elderly people at risk of developing cognitive decline; e.g., following surgery, may benefit from structured, challenging, and repetitive cognitive video training. This study assessed usability and acute effects of a newly developed bedside console (COPHYCON). Fifteen healthy elderly individuals performed a one-time 80-min intervention, including cognitive video games aimed at improving awareness and selective attention. Perceived usefulness and perceived ease of use (Technology Acceptance Model) were assessed together with measures of the achieved game level, reaction times, (in-) correct responses during ALERT and SELECT game play...
2017: Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233854/efficacy-of-educational-video-game-versus-traditional-educational-apps-at-improving-physician-decision-making-in-trauma-triage-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Deepika Mohan, Coreen Farris, Baruch Fischhoff, Matthew R Rosengart, Derek C Angus, Donald M Yealy, David J Wallace, Amber E Barnato
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a behavioral intervention delivered through a video game can improve the appropriateness of trauma triage decisions in the emergency department of non-trauma centers. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Online intervention in national sample of emergency medicine physicians who make triage decisions at US hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: 368 emergency medicine physicians primarily working at non-trauma centers...
December 12, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233238/neck-kinematics-and-electromyography-while-wearing-head-supported-mass-during-running
#18
Matthew M Hanks, JoEllen M Sefton, Gretchen D Oliver
BACKGROUND: Advanced combat helmets (ACH) coupled with night-vision goggles (NVG) are required for tactical athletes during training and service. Head and neck injuries due to head supported mass (HSM) are a common occurrence in military personnel. The current study aimed to investigate the effects of HSM on neck muscle fatigue that may lead to chronic stress and injury of the head and neck. METHODS: Subjects wore an ACH and were affixed with electromagnetic sensors to obtain kinematic data, as well as EMG electrodes to obtain muscle activations of bilateral sternocleidomastoid, upper trapezius, and paraspinal muscles while running on a treadmill...
January 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232351/randomized-clinical-trial-of-lidocaine-analgesia-for-transurethral-bladder-catheterization-delivered-via-blunt-tipped-applicator-in-young-children
#19
Neil G Uspal, Bonnie Strelitz, Jesse Gritton, Kristin Follmer, Miranda C Bradford, Taryn L Colton, Paul A Merguerian, Eileen J Klein
OBJECTIVE: Transurethral bladder catheterization (TUBC) is a painful, frequently performed procedure for collecting sterile urine. We sought to determine if administration of intraurethral lidocaine before TUBC using a blunt tipped syringe decreases procedural pain in young children in the pediatric emergency department. METHODS: Randomized clinical trial of children 0 to 36 months old requiring TUBC for collection of urine in a pediatric emergency department was performed...
December 11, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231432/-scalp-acupuncture-for-epileptiform-discharges-of-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#20
Suyun Li, Zhenhuan Liu, Wenjian Zhao, Bingxu Jin, Nuo Li, Guanjun Luo
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of scalp acupuncture for children with cerebral palsy whose video-electroencephalogram(VEEG) showed epileptiform discharges. METHODS: A total of 184 children with cerebral palsy whose VEEG showed epileptiform discharges or those combined with epilepsy were randomly assigned into a combination group (99 cases) and a rehabilitation group (85 cases). All the cases were treated with the original antiepileptic drugs. The conventional physical training and massage were applied in the rehabilitation group for 3 courses with 20 d at the interval, once a day, 5 times a week and 15 times as one course...
March 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
keyword
keyword
5847
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"