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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445707/comparing-sprint-and-endurance-training-on-anxiety-depression-and-its-relation-with-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-in-rats
#1
Hossein TaheriChadorneshin, Sadegh Cheragh-Birjandi, Saeed Ramezani, Seyed-Hosein Abtahi-Eivary
Although the response of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been shown to low intensity exercise training, but the effect of intensive exercise training is not clear. Also, there is insufficient information about relationship between BDNF and depression and anxiety following intensive exercise. This study aimed to investigate the effects of 6 weeks of intensive endurance training (ET) and sprint interval training (SIT) on brain BDNF and its relationship with anxiety and depression in Albino Wistar rats...
April 23, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445078/effects-of-high-intensity-interval-training-on-canoeing-performance
#2
Ming-Ta Yang, Mien-Mien Lee, Shu-Ching Hsu, Kuei-Hui Chan
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) utilizing a canoeing ergometer on endurance determinants, as well as aerobic and anaerobic performances among flat-water canoeists. Fourteen well-trained male flat-water canoeists were divided into an HIIT group or an MICT group. All subjects performed a continuous graded exercise test (GXT) and three fixed-distance (200, 500, and 1000 m) performance tests on a canoeing ergometer to determine canoeing economy, peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak), and power at VO2peak, and to calculate the critical velocity (CV) and anaerobic work capacity before and after the training programmes...
April 26, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442076/exercise-training-for-people-following-curative-intent-treatment-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Vinicius Cavalheri, Sue Jenkins, Nola Cecins, Kevin Gain, Martin J Phillips, Lucas H Sanders, Kylie Hill
OBJECTIVE: In people following curative intent treatment for non-small cell lung cancer, to investigate the effects of supervised exercise training on exercise capacity, physical activity and sedentary behavior, peripheral muscle force, health-related quality of life, fatigue, feelings of anxiety and depression, and lung function. METHOD: This pilot randomized controlled trial included participants 6-10 weeks after lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer or, for those who required adjuvant chemotherapy, 4-8 weeks after their last cycle...
January 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440211/a-cluster-randomised-trial-cost-effectiveness-analysis-and-psychosocial-evaluation-of-insulin-pump-therapy-compared-with-multiple-injections-during-flexible-intensive-insulin-therapy-for-type-1-diabetes-the-repose-trial
#4
Simon Heller, David White, Ellen Lee, Julia Lawton, Daniel Pollard, Norman Waugh, Stephanie Amiel, Katharine Barnard, Anita Beckwith, Alan Brennan, Michael Campbell, Cindy Cooper, Munyaradzi Dimairo, Simon Dixon, Jackie Elliott, Mark Evans, Fiona Green, Gemma Hackney, Peter Hammond, Nina Hallowell, Alan Jaap, Brian Kennon, Jackie Kirkham, Robert Lindsay, Peter Mansell, Diana Papaioannou, David Rankin, Pamela Royle, W Henry Smithson, Carolin Taylor
BACKGROUND: Insulin is generally administered to people with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) using multiple daily injections (MDIs), but can also be delivered using infusion pumps. In the UK, pumps are recommended for patients with the greatest need and adult use is less than in comparable countries. Previous trials have been small, of short duration and have failed to control for training in insulin adjustment. OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of pump therapy compared with MDI for adults with T1DM, with both groups receiving equivalent structured training in flexible insulin therapy...
April 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438380/the-role-of-muscle-strengthening-in-exercise-therapy-for-knee-osteoarthritis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-regression-analysis-of-randomized-trials
#5
REVIEW
Cecilie Bartholdy, Carsten Juhl, Robin Christensen, Hans Lund, Weiya Zhang, Marius Henriksen
OBJECTIVES: To analyze if exercise interventions for patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) following the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) definition of muscle strength training differs from other types of exercise, and to analyze associations between changes in muscle strength, pain, and disability. METHODS: A systematic search in 5 electronic databases was performed to identify randomized controlled trials comparing exercise interventions with no intervention in knee OA, and reporting changes in muscle strength and in pain or disability assessed as standardized mean differences (SMD) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI)...
March 18, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437749/epilepsy-awareness-and-emergency-rescue-training-ignorance-is-bliss
#6
Rohit Shankar, Caryn Jory, Brendan McLean, Phil Tittensor, Matthew Walker
Status epilepticus (SE) has a high mortality rate and is associated with complications such as neurological deficit and cognitive decline. Buccal midazolam is the recommended emergency rescue medication in the UK to reduce the duration of a seizure and SE. It should be administered by an appropriately trained person. There are agreed guidelines on training standards for its administration in the UK produced by the Joint Epilepsy Council of the United Kingdom and Ireland. Training should provide an overview of epilepsy to facilitate safe, person-centered care and appropriate administration of rescue medication to people with epilepsy (PWE)...
April 19, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437262/loss-of-resistance-a-randomised-controlled-trial-assessing-four-low-fidelity-epidural-puncture-simulators
#7
Tina H Pedersen, Jonas Meuli, Eike J Plazikowski, Maximilian Buttenberg, Maren Kleine-Brueggeney, Christian Seidl, Lorenz Theiler, Robert Greif
BACKGROUND: Detecting loss of resistance (LOR) can either be taught with dedicated simulators, with a cost ranging from &OV0556;1500 to 3000, or with the 'Greengrocer's Model', requiring simply a banana. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare three dedicated epidural puncture training simulators and a banana in their ability to simulate LOR. Our hypothesis was that there was a difference between the four simulators when comparing the detection of LOR...
April 21, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437261/training-in-intraoperative-handover-and-display-of-a-checklist-improve-communication-during-transfer-of-care-an-interventional-cohort-study-of-anaesthesia-residents-and-nurse-anaesthetists
#8
Marion Jullia, Anaïs Tronet, Fabiola Fraumar, Vincent Minville, Olivier Fourcade, Xavier Alacoque, Yannick LeManach, Matt M Kurrek
BACKGROUND: Handovers during anaesthesia are common, and failures in communication may lead to morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesised that intraoperative handover training and display of a checklist would improve communication during anaesthesia care transition in the operating room. DESIGN: Interventional cohort study. SETTING: Single-centre tertiary care university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 204 random observations of handovers between anaesthesia providers (residents and nurse anaesthetists) over a 6-month period in 2016...
April 21, 2017: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436722/exercise-training-improves-characteristics-of-exercise-oscillatory-ventilation-in-chronic-heart-failure
#9
Niki Panagopoulou, Eleftherios Karatzanos, Stavros Dimopoulos, Athanasios Tasoulis, Ioannis Tachliabouris, Styliani Vakrou, Antonios Sideris, Christina Gratziou, Serafim Nanas
Background Exercise oscillatory ventilation in chronic heart failure has been suggested as a factor related to adverse cardiac events, aggravated prognosis and higher mortality. Exercise training is well known to affect exercise capacity and mechanisms of pathophysiology beneficially in chronic heart failure. Little is known, however, about the exercise training effects on characteristics of exercise oscillatory ventilation in chronic heart failure patients. Design and methods Twenty (out of 38) stable chronic heart failure patients exhibited exercise oscillatory ventilation (age 54 ± 11 years, peak oxygen uptake 15...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436720/efficacy-and-safety-of-statins-and-exercise-combination-therapy-compared-to-statin-monotherapy-in-patients-with-dyslipidaemia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Ya-Jun Gui, Cai-Xiu Liao, Qiong Liu, Yuan Guo, Tao Yang, Jing-Yuan Chen, Ya-Ting Wang, Jia-Hui Hu, Dan-Yan Xu
Background Statin treatment in association with physical exercise can substantially reduce mortality in dyslipidaemic individuals. However, the available data to compare the efficacy and safety of statins and exercise combination therapy with statin monotherapy are limited. Design Systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods We systematically searched PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane Library from database inception until December 2016. We included randomised and non-randomised studies that compared the efficacy and safety of statins and exercise combination therapy with statin monotherapy in patients with dyslipidaemia...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436276/should-trained-lay-providers-perform-hiv-testing-a-systematic-review-to-inform-world-health-organization-guidelines
#11
C E Kennedy, P T Yeh, C Johnson, R Baggaley
New strategies for HIV testing services (HTS) are needed to achieve UN 90-90-90 targets, including diagnosis of 90% of people living with HIV. Task-sharing HTS to trained lay providers may alleviate health worker shortages and better reach target groups. We conducted a systematic review of studies evaluating HTS by lay providers using rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs). Peer-reviewed articles were included if they compared HTS using RDTs performed by trained lay providers to HTS by health professionals, or to no intervention...
April 24, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435687/an-evaluation-of-low-volume-high-intensity-intermittent-training-hiit-for-health-risk-reduction-in-overweight-and-obese-men
#12
Benjamin M Kelly, Soteris Xenophontos, James A King, Myra A Nimmo
ᅟ: Both sprint interval training (SIT) and high-intensity intermittent training (HIIT) have been described as time-efficient strategies for inducing favourable metabolic and cardiorespiratory adaptations in healthy and diseased participants. BACKGROUND: To date, little attention has been given to profiling the potential health benefits of HIIT or modified HIIT training within overweight and obese cohorts with particular focus on inflammation. Within this pilot trial, we tested the hypothesis that 6 sessions of HIIT performed over 2 weeks with 1-2 days' rest would improve aerobic capacity, glucose metabolism and inflammatory profile in an overweight and obese male cohort...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435488/clinician-performed-bedside-ultrasound-in-improving-diagnostic-accuracy-in-patients-presenting-to-the-ed-with-acute-dyspnea
#13
Dimitrios Papanagnou, Michael Secko, John Gullett, Michael Stone, Shahriar Zehtabchi
INTRODUCTION: Diagnosing acute dyspnea is a critical action performed by emergency physicians (EP). It has been shown that ultrasound (US) can be incorporated into the work-up of the dyspneic patient; but there is little data demonstrating its effect on decision-making. We sought to examine the impact of a bedside, clinician-performed cardiopulmonary US protocol on the clinical impression of EPs evaluating dyspneic patients, and to measure the change in physician confidence with the leading diagnosis before and after US...
April 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434152/compression-garments-and-recovery-from-exercise-a-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Freddy Brown, Conor Gissane, Glyn Howatson, Ken van Someren, Charles Pedlar, Jessica Hill
BACKGROUND: Adequate recovery from exercise is essential to maintain performance throughout training and competition. While compression garments (CG) have been demonstrated to accelerate recovery, the literature is clouded by conflicting results and uncertainty over the optimal conditions of use. OBJECTIVES: A meta-analysis was conducted to assess the effects of CG on the recovery of strength, power and endurance performance following an initial bout of resistance, running, or non-load-bearing endurance (metabolic) exercise...
April 22, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433827/a-comparison-of-medication-administration-errors-from-original-medication-packaging-and-multi-compartment-compliance-aids-in-care-homes-a-prospective-observational-study
#15
Julia Fiona-Maree Gilmartin-Thomas, Felicity Smith, Rory Wolfe, Yogini Jani
BACKGROUND: No published study has been specifically designed to compare medication administration errors between original medication packaging and multi-compartment compliance aids in care homes, using direct observation. OBJECTIVES: Compare the effect of original medication packaging and multi-compartment compliance aids on medication administration accuracy. DESIGN: Prospective observational. SETTING: Ten Greater London care homes...
March 28, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432856/the-effectiveness-of-exercise-in-adults-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-to-guide-evidence-based-practice
#16
Mei-Ling Wu, Kuang-Hui Yu, Jen-Chen Tsai
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is the most common and unpleasant symptom of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). However, there is limited information regarding how exercise affects fatigue. AIMS: The purpose of this study is to review and synthesize the current knowledge concerning the effectiveness of exercise training for treating fatigue among adults with SLE. The characteristics of beneficial exercise training are further evaluated. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis...
April 22, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432141/the-spacing-effect-for-structural-synaptic-plasticity-provides-specificity-and-precision-in-plastic-changes
#17
Martin A San, L Rela, B D Gelb, M R Pagani
In contrast to trials of training without intervals (massed training), training trials spaced over time (spaced training) induce a more persistent memory identified as long-term memory (LTM). This phenomenon known as "the spacing effect for memory" is poorly understood. LTM is supported by structural synaptic plasticity; however, how synapses integrate spaced stimuli remains elusive. Here, we analyzed events of structural synaptic plasticity at the single synapse level after distinct patterns of stimulation in motoneurons of Drosophila We found that the spacing effect is a phenomenon detected at synaptic level, which determine the specificity and the precision in structural synaptic plasticity...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431549/household-food-insecurity-is-associated-with-abdominal-but-not-general-obesity-among-iranian-children
#18
Fateme Jafari, Simin Ehsani, Azadeh Nadjarzadeh, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Mahmood Noori-Shadkam, Amin Salehi-Abargouei
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is increasing all over the world. Food insecurity is mentioned as a possible risk factor; however, previous studies have led to inconsistent results in different societies while data are lacking for the Middle East. We aimed to investigate the relationship between food insecurity and general or abdominal obesity in Iranian children in a cross-sectional study. METHODS: Anthropometric data including height, weight, and waist circumference were measured by trained nutritionists...
April 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431426/anesthesiologists-and-disaster-medicine-a-needs-assessment-for-education-and-training-and-reported-willingness-to-respond
#19
Heather K Hayanga, Daniel J Barnett, Natasha R Shallow, Michael Roberts, Carol B Thompson, Itay Bentov, Gozde Demiralp, Bradford D Winters, Deborah A Schwengel
BACKGROUND: Anesthesiologists provide comprehensive health care across the emergency department, operating room, and intensive care unit. To date, anesthesiologists' perspectives regarding disaster medicine and public health preparedness have not been described. METHODS: Anesthesiologists' thoughts and attitudes were assessed via a Web-based survey at 3 major academic institutions. Frequencies, percentages, and odds ratios (ORs) were used to assess self-reported perceptions of knowledge and skills, as well as attitudes and beliefs regarding education and training, employee development, professional obligation, safety, psychological readiness, efficacy, personal preparedness, and willingness to respond (WTR)...
May 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431419/creation-and-validation-of-an-automated-algorithm-to-determine-postoperative-ventilator-requirements-after-cardiac-surgery
#20
Eilon Gabel, Ira S Hofer, Nancy Satou, Tristan Grogan, Richard Shemin, Aman Mahajan, Maxime Cannesson
BACKGROUND: In medical practice today, clinical data registries have become a powerful tool for measuring and driving quality improvement, especially among multicenter projects. Registries face the known problem of trying to create dependable and clear metrics from electronic medical records data, which are typically scattered and often based on unreliable data sources. The Society for Thoracic Surgery (STS) is one such example, and it supports manually collected data by trained clinical staff in an effort to obtain the highest-fidelity data possible...
May 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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