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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735073/from-minutes-to-days-the-ability-of-sows-sus-scrofa-to-estimate-time-intervals
#1
Natascha Fuhrer, Lorenz Gygax
Time estimation helps allocating time to different tasks and to plan behavioural sequences. It may also be relevant to animal welfare if it enables animals assessing the duration of a negative situation. Here, we investigated the ability of dry sows to estimate short and long time periods. We used a variant of the peak-interval procedure and the choice between 2 resources of different quality and replenishment rates to assess time periods in the order of minutes and days, respectively. In the minute-experiment, the sows were trained to expect an interruption while feeding at the end of an interval...
July 19, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734936/rehabilitation-interventions-for-upper-limb-function-in-the-first-four-weeks-following-stroke-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-evidence
#2
REVIEW
Kimberley A Wattchow, Michelle N McDonnell, Susan L Hillier
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the therapeutic interventions reported in the research literature, and synthesize their effectiveness in improving upper limb (UL) function in the first four weeks post-stroke. DATA SOURCES: Electronic databases, trial registries and hand searching was conducted, from inception until June 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs), controlled trials and interventional studies with pre/post-test design were included for adults within four weeks of any type of stroke with UL impairment...
July 19, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733939/comparison-of-endotracheal-tube-cuff-pressure-values-before-and-after-training-seminar
#3
Ayça Tuba Dumanlı Özcan, Cihan Döğer, Abdülkadir But, Işık Kutlu, Şemsi Mustafa Aksoy
It is recommended that endotracheal cuff (ETTc) pressure be between 20 and 30 cm H2O. In this present study, we intend to observe average cuff pressure values in our clinic and the change in these values after the training seminar. The cuff pressure values of 200 patients intubated following general anesthesia induction in the operating theatre were measured following intubation. One hundred patients whose values were measured before the training seminar held for all physician assistants, and 100 patients whose values were measured after the training seminar were regarded as Group 1 and Group 2, respectively...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731979/global-positioning-system-analysis-of-a-high-school-football-scrimmage
#4
Benjamin H Gleason, Matthew L Sams, John T Salley, A Andrew Pustina, Michael H Stone
Gleason, BH, Sams, M, Salley, JT, Pustina, A, and Stone, MH. Global positioning system analysis of a high school football scrimmage. J Strength Cond Res 31(8): 2183-2188, 2017-The purpose of this study was to examine the physical demands of a high school American football scrimmage. Male high school football players (N = 25) participated in a spring scrimmage. Global positioning system data and game film were recorded throughout the entirety of the scrimmage to determine the total distance covered, the distance covered in different velocity bands, the number of accelerations and decelerations performed, and the work-to-rest ratio of the scrimmage...
August 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730987/evaluation-of-an-advanced-practice-physiotherapist-in-triaging-patients-with-lumbar-spine-pain-surgeon-physiotherapist-level-of-agreement-and-patient-satisfaction
#5
Susan Robarts, Paul Stratford, Deborah Kennedy, Barry Malcolm, Joel Finkelstein
BACKGROUND: Surgery for lumbar spine pain is indicated for specific etiologies. Given the majority of individuals referred to spine surgeons are not surgical candidates, care delivery is inefficient, with consultations being of limited value for most. Using specially trained physiotherapists in triage is a human resource strategy that may optimize surgeons' time and the patient experience. METHODS: An advanced-practice physiotherapist (APP) and a surgeon assessed consecutive patients with lumbar spine pain presenting at an academic health centre's spine surgery clinic...
August 2017: Canadian Journal of Surgery. Journal Canadien de Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730171/an-accuracy-study-of-the-intracavitary-electrocardiogram-ic-ecg-guided-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-tip-placement-among-neonates
#6
Lian-Juan Zhou, Hong-Zhen Xua, Mei-Fang Xu, Yan Hu, Xiao-Fang Lou
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical application of the intracavitary electrocardiogram (IC-ECG) guided Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter (PICC) tip placement among neonates. BACKGROUND: the ECGs of neonates are difficult to perform and their wave shapes are of doubtful accuracy due to various interfering factors. METHOD: 115 neonates were admitted to perform PICC guided by IC-ECG. Logistic regression was performed to analyze all possible influencing factors of the accuracy from the tip placement...
2017: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729841/prevalence-of-non-responders-for-glucose-control-markers-after-10-weeks-of-high-intensity-interval-training-in-adult-women-with-higher-and-lower-insulin-resistance
#7
Cristian Álvarez, Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Mikel Izquierdo
Background: Exercise training improves performance and biochemical parameters on average, but wide interindividual variability exists, with individuals classified as responders (R) or non-responders (NRs), especially between populations with higher or lower levels of insulin resistance. This study assessed the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) and the prevalence of NRs in adult women with higher and lower levels of insulin resistance. Methods: Forty adult women were assigned to a HIIT program, and after training were analyzed in two groups; a group with higher insulin resistance (H-IR, 40 ± 6 years; BMI: 29...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729738/human-hippocampal-pre-activation-predicts-behavior
#8
Anna Jafarpour, Vitoria Piai, Jack J Lin, Robert T Knight
The response to an upcoming salient event is accelerated when the event is expected given the preceding events - i.e. a temporal context effect. For example, naming a picture following a strongly constraining temporal context is faster than naming a picture after a weakly constraining temporal context. We used sentences as naturalistic stimuli to manipulate expectations on upcoming pictures without prior training. Here, using intracranial recordings from the human hippocampus we found more power in the high-frequency band prior to high-expected pictures than weakly expected ones...
July 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729620/self-management-behaviour-and-support-among-primary-care-copd-patients-cross-sectional-analysis-of-data-from-the-birmingham-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-cohort
#9
Ainee Khan, Andrew P Dickens, Peymane Adab, Rachel E Jordan
Self-management support for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients is recommended by UK national guidelines, but extent of implementation is unknown. We aimed to describe self-management behaviour and support among COPD patients and explore behaviour associated with having a self-management plan. We undertook cross-sectional analysis of self-reported data from diagnosed COPD patients in the Birmingham COPD Cohort study. Questionnaire items relevant to self-management behaviour, knowledge of COPD, receipt of self-management plans and advice from healthcare professionals were examined...
July 20, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727846/effects-of-high-intensity-interval-versus-mild-intensity-endurance-training-on-metabolic-phenotype-and-corticosterone-response-in-rats-fed-a-high-fat-or-control-diet
#10
Youqing Shen, Guoyuan Huang, Bryan P McCormick, Tao Song, Xiangfeng Xu
The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of high-intensity interval training (HI) to mild-intensity endurance training (ME), combined with a high-fat diet (HFD) or control diet (CD) on metabolic phenotype and corticosterone levels in rats. Fifty-three rats were randomized to 6 groups according to diet and training regimen as follows: CD and sedentary (CS, n = 11), CD and ME (CME, n = 8), CD and HI (CHI, n = 8), HFD and sedentary (HS, n = 10), HFD and ME (HME, n = 8), and HFD and HI (HHI, n = 8)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726550/exploring-the-impact-of-high-intensity-interval-training-on-adolescents-objectively-measured-physical-activity-findings-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Sarah A Costigan, Nicola D Ridgers, Narelle Eather, Ronald C Plotnikoff, Nigel Harris, David R Lubans
High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) may be effective for accumulating VPA. However, the contribution of HIIT to overall physical activity is unknown. Our primary aim was to explore the impact of school-based HIIT on physical activity. The secondary aim was to explore within-individual changes in physical activity after participating in HIIT. Participants [n = 65; 15.8(0.6)years] were randomized to a HIIT or control group. Intervention groups participated in three HIIT sessions/week. GENEActiv accelerometers assessed objective physical activity at baseline and week-one, to detect changes in MPA and VPA...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724371/association-between-full-service-and-fast-food-restaurant-density-dietary-intake-and-overweight-obesity-among-adults-in-delhi-india
#12
Opal Patel, Safraj Shahulhameed, Roopa Shivashankar, Mohammad Tayyab, Atiqur Rahman, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Nikhil Tandon, Lindsay M Jaacks
BACKGROUND: The food environment has been implicated as an underlying contributor to the global obesity epidemic. However, few studies have evaluated the relationship between the food environment, dietary intake, and overweight/obesity in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The aim of this study was to assess the association of full service and fast food restaurant density with dietary intake and overweight/obesity in Delhi, India. METHODS: Data are from a cross-sectional, population-based study conducted in Delhi...
July 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724351/impact-of-a-lay-led-home-based-intervention-programme-on-quality-of-life-in-community-dwelling-pre-frail-and-frail-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
A Kapan, E Winzer, S Haider, S Titze, K Schindler, C Lackinger, T E Dorner
BACKGROUND: Due to the demographic ageing process and the increasing number of pre-frail and frail individuals, new lifestyle interventions to enhance the quality of life (QoL) in community-dwelling older adults are necessary. Therefore, we performed a randomised controlled trial (RCT) to compare effects of a lay-led home-based physical and nutritional intervention programme with social support alone on different QoL domains in community-dwelling pre-frail and frail older adults. METHODS: In this analysis within a RCT (12 weeks), lay volunteers visited one-on-one pre-frail or frail older adults at home twice a week...
July 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724346/biosensing-technologies-for-therapeutic-drug-monitoring
#14
Anna Meneghello, Stefano Tartaggia, Maria Domenica Alvau, Federico Polo, Giuseppe Toffoli
Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) is the clinical practice of measuring pharmaceutical drug concentrations in patients' biofluids at designated intervals to allow a close and timely control of their dosage. This practice allows for rapid medical intervention in case of toxicity-related issues and/or adjustment of dosage to better fit the therapeutic demand. Currently, TDM is performed in centralized laboratories employing instruments, such as immunoassay analyzers and mass spectrometers that can be run only by trained personnel...
July 20, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723977/effect-of-inter-train-interval-on-the-induction-of-repetition-suppression-of-motor-evoked-potentials-using-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation
#15
Minna Pitkänen, Elisa Kallioniemi, Petro Julkunen
Repetition suppression (RS) is evident as a weakened response to repeated stimuli after the initial response. RS has been demonstrated in motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) induced with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Here, we investigated the effect of inter-train interval (ITI) on the induction of RS of MEPs with the attempt to optimize the investigative protocols. Trains of TMS pulses, targeted to the primary motor cortex by neuronavigation, were applied at a stimulation intensity of 120% of the resting motor threshold...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723814/validation-of-the-3-min-all-out-exercise-test-for-shuttle-running-prescription
#16
Anssi Saari, Nathan D Dicks, Mark E Hartman, Robert W Pettitt
A 3-min all-out exercise test (3MT) for running has been developed to determine critical speed (CS) and finite capacity for running speeds >CS (D') which allow for the prediction of time limits (TLIMs) associated with running different distances. Most team sports require shuttle running; however, the 3MT was validated for uninterrupted, track running and not shuttle running. The purpose of this study was to examine the efficacy of shuttle running 3MT to determine critical speed (CS) and D'. A total of 12 subjects were tested using a baseline 3MT along with three separate distance time-trials of all-out shuttle running to determine true CS and D'...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723813/effect-of-resistance-training-on-blood-pressure-and-autonomic-responses-in-treated-hypertensives
#17
Gabriela Alves Trevizani, Mariana Balbi Seixas, Paulo Roberto Benchimol-Barbosa, Jeferson Macedo Vianna, Lilian Pinto da Silva, Jurandir Nadal
This study evaluated the effect of resistance training (RT) on heart rate variability (HRV) and on blood pressure (BP) responses to acute and short-term exposure in treated hypertensive subjects. Twenty one men participated in the study, eight hypertensive under drug treatment regimen and achieving adequate blood pressure control prior to inclusion (HT) and thirteen normotensive (NT). The RT protocol consisted of 12 sessions with 8 exercises (leg extension, leg press, leg curl, bench press, seated row, triceps push-down, seated calf flexion and seated arm curl) performed for 2 sets of 15-20 repetitions with 50% of one repetition-maximum (1RM) with 2-minute rest intervals in between sets, 3x/week...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722468/evaluating-the-recovery-curve-for-clinically-assessed-reaction-time-after-concussion
#18
Gianluca Del Rossi
CONTEXT:   A change in reaction time is one of various clinical measures of neurocognitive function that can be monitored after concussion and has been reported to be among the most sensitive indicators of cognitive impairment. OBJECTIVE:   To determine the timeline for clinically assessed simple reaction time to return to baseline after a concussion in high school athletes. DESIGN:   Observational study. SETTING:   Athletic training room...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722022/opioid-release-after-high-intensity-interval-training-in-healthy-human-subjects
#19
Tiina Saanijoki, Lauri Tuominen, Jetro J Tuulari, Lauri Nummenmaa, Eveliina Arponen, Kari Kalliokoski, Jussi Hirvonen
Central opioidergic mechanisms may modulate the positive effects of physical exercise such as mood elevation and stress reduction. How exercise intensity and concomitant affective changes affect central opioidergic responses is unknown. We studied the effects of acute physical exercise on the cerebral μ-opioid receptors (MOR) of 22 healthy recreationally active males using positron emission tomography (PET) and the MOR-selective radioligand [(11)C]carfentanil. MOR binding was measured in three conditions on separate days: after a 60-min aerobic moderate-intensity exercise session, after a high-intensity interval training (HIIT) session, and after rest...
July 19, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721810/centralized-and-local-color-doppler-ultrasound-reading-agreement-for-diagnosis-of-the-chronic-cerebrospinal-venous-insufficiency-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#20
Maria Grazia Caprio, Karen Marr, Sirin Gandhi, Dejan Jakimovski, Jesper Hagemeier, Bianca Weinstock-Guttman, Robert Zivadinov, Marcello Mancini
BACKGROUND: An impaired cerebrospinal venous drainage was postulated to be a cofactor in the multifactorial pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS). Chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI) is characterized by abnormalities of the main extracranial cerebrospinal venous outflow routes, which can be detected by color Doppler Ultrasound (CDUS) using 5 venous hemodynamic (VH) criteria. Discrepant results between different investigators were reported in the past, therefore the usefulness and applicability of the CCSVI CDUS-based diagnosis in clinical research and practice has been questioned...
July 17, 2017: Current Neurovascular Research
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