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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931906/burnout-in-japanese-residents-and-its-associations-with-temperament-and-character
#1
Ryoei Miyoshi, Hisae Matsuo, Ryuichiro Takeda, Hiroyuki Komatsu, Hiroshi Abe, Yasushi Ishida
AIM: High risk of burnout in healthcare workers has long been recognized. However, there are no methods to predict vulnerability to burnout. METHODS: We examined whether temperament and character are associated with burnout and depressive state in residents by using the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). The TCI was used for residents at the beginning of clinical training and then the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS) and the Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) were administered at the beginning of clinical training and after four and ten months...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930726/burnout-and-its-influencing-factors-among-primary-health-care-providers-in-the-north-east-of-iran
#2
Mohammad Amiri, Ahmad Khosravi, Ahmad Reza Eghtesadi, Zakieh Sadeghi, Ghasem Abedi, Mansour Ranjbar, Fardin Mehrabian
INTRODUCTION: Burnout is a popular research topics in service providing jobs, including the health care field. This study aimed at assessing the level of job burnout and to consider the important antecedents which might be related to job burnout among primary health care providers in Iran. METHODS: The participants in this applied cross-sectional study which was conducted in 2013 were 548 primary health care providers who were randomly selected from among those working in Shahroud, Sabzevar, Neishabour, Bojnord (provinces located in the north east of Iran)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928767/resident-workflow-and-psychiatric-emergency-consultation-identifying-factors-for-quality-improvement-in-a-training-environment
#3
Thomas Blair, Zev Wiener, Ariel Seroussi, Lingqi Tang, Jennifer O'Hora, Erick Cheung
OBJECTIVE: Quality improvement to optimize workflow has the potential to mitigate resident burnout and enhance patient care. This study applied mixed methods to identify factors that enhance or impede workflow for residents performing emergency psychiatric consultations. METHODS: The study population consisted of all psychiatry program residents (55 eligible, 42 participating) at the Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, University of California, Los Angeles...
December 7, 2016: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918932/a-comparison-of-working-in-small-scale-and-large-scale-nursing-homes-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-evidence
#4
REVIEW
Lander Vermeerbergen, Geert Van Hootegem, Jos Benders
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Ongoing shortages of care workers, together with an ageing population, make it of utmost importance to increase the quality of working life in nursing homes. Since the 1970s, normalised and small-scale nursing homes have been increasingly introduced to provide care in a family and homelike environment, potentially providing a richer work life for care workers as well as improved living conditions for residents. 'Normalised' refers to the opportunities given to residents to live in a manner as close as possible to the everyday life of persons not needing care...
November 13, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909607/burnout-syndrome-during-residency
#5
Namigar Turgut, Serap Karacalar, Cengiz Polat, Özlem Kıran, Fethi Gültop, Seray Türkmen Kalyon, Betül Sinoğlu, Mehmet Zincirci, Ender Kaya
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is identified the degree of Burnout Syndrome (BOS) and find out its correlation with years of recidency and sociodemograpfic chareacteristics, training, sleeping habits, such as smoking and alcohol consumption. METHODS: After approval from the Hospital Ethics Committee and obtaining informed consent, First, second, third, fourth and fifth year of recidency staff (n=127) working in our hospital were involved in this study. The standardized Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) was used in this study...
October 2016: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893258/the-rich-get-richer-and-the-poor-get-poorer-country-and-state-level-income-inequality-moderates-the-job-insecurity-burnout-relationship
#6
Lixin Jiang, Tahira M Probst
Despite the prevalence of income inequality in today's society, research on the implications of income inequality for organizational research is scant. This study takes the first step to explore the contextual role of national- and state- level income inequality as a moderator in the relationship between individual-level job insecurity (JI) and burnout. Drawing from conservation of resource (COR) theory, we argue that income inequality at the country-level and state-level threatens one's obtainment of object (i...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868176/-mindfulness-training-for-psychiatrists-in-residency-a-pilot-study
#7
H J R Hoenders, S H Booij, H Knegtering, H van den Brink
Medical students and psychiatrists in residency run a high risk for burnout. Furthermore, while at medical school, students seem to experience a reduction in empathy; this seems to be linked to a high level of stress. Interventions based on mindfulness training appear to reduce stress and increase empathy in medical students. Trainees in psychiatric residency might also benefit from mindfulness training.<br/> AIM: To assess the effects that a mindfulness course has on perceived stress and empathy in psychiatrists in residency...
2016: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844198/anesthesiology-resident-wellness-program-at-the-university-of-saskatchewan-curriculum-content-and-delivery
#8
Anita Chakravarti, Mateen Raazi, Jennifer O'Brien, Breanna Balaton
Resident and physician health are increasingly recognized by the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada and its CanMEDS framework as integral to residency training in Canada. Resident stress, burnout, and depression also have implications for patient care. Although curricula have been advocated to promote resident wellness and resilience, no such published curricula exist to guide programs in addressing these needs. The purpose of this article is to describe the curriculum content and delivery of the Anesthesiology Residency Wellness Program (ARWP) at the University of Saskatchewan...
November 14, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810465/whose-problem-is-it-the-priority-of-physician-wellness-in-residency-training
#9
Abigail Ford Winkel, Anh T Nguyen, Helen K Morgan, Darya Valantsevich, Mark B Woodland
OBJECTIVE: Physician wellness is associated with improved outcomes for patients and physicians. Wellness is a priority of the Accreditation Council on Graduate Medical Education, and many residencies have programs in place to improve wellness. This study sought to understand how stakeholders in graduate medical education perceive wellness among other educational priorities and whether these programs are improving the experience and training of residents. METHODS: The Council on Resident Education in Obstetrics and Gynecology (OBGYN)/Association of Professors in Gynecology Wellness Task Force created a survey and distributed it electronically to all OBGYN residents and program directors (PDs) in 2015...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777674/the-effect-of-burnout-on-medical-errors-and-professionalism-in-first-year-internal-medicine-residents
#10
Jason Kwah, Jennifer Weintraub, Robert Fallar, Jonathan Ripp
BACKGROUND : Burnout is a common issue in internal medicine residents, and its impact on medical errors and professionalism is an important subject of investigation. OBJECTIVE : To evaluate differences in medical errors and professionalism in internal medicine residents with and without burnout. METHODS : A single institution observational cohort study was conducted between June 2011 and July 2012. Burnout was measured using the Maslach Burnout Inventory to generate subscores for the following 3 domains: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and sense of personal accomplishment...
October 2016: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771033/factors-associated-with-burnout-among-french-digestive-surgeons-in-training-results-of-a-national-survey-on-328-residents-and-fellows
#11
Rachid Chati, Emmanuel Huet, Lucie Grimberg, Lilian Schwarz, Jean-Jacques Tuech, Valérie Bridoux M D Ph D
BACKGROUND: Digestive surgery training is notoriously difficult and medical students choose this path less and less often leading to a veritable demographic crisis for this specialty in France. The aim of this study was to evaluate the working conditions to measure the prevalence of burnout syndrome (BOS) and to identify potential risk factors to implement preventive measures and appropriate support. METHODS: This was a multicenter, cross-sectional study. An anonymous questionnaire was sent by e-mail to 500 French digestive surgeons in training (residents and fellows)...
August 31, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735974/a-mindfulness-intervention-for-residents-relevance-for-pediatricians
#12
Mallory Taylor, Joseph R Hageman, Melanie Brown
Physician burnout is a topic of growing importance in today's health care system. Tangible interventions aimed at reducing burnout and promoting wellness are now necessary components of medical training and practice. A study examined the feasibility and impact of a brief mindfulness intervention using a free smartphone application with a resident population. Participants used a free smartphone application to complete a 10-day program in mindfulness meditation, and completed surveys at the end of the program...
October 1, 2016: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732118/the-toxicity-of-self-blame-sex-differences-in-burnout-and-coping-in-internal-medicine-trainees
#13
Brielle M Spataro, Sarah A Tilstra, Doris M Rubio, Melissa A McNeil
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a significant problem facing internal medicine residents contributing to increased risk of depression and suicidal ideation. Coping mechanisms and burnout may differ based on sex. METHODS: The study was a retrospective cross-sectional study of reported burnout and coping mechanisms used by internal medicine residents in June 2014 at a large academic center and its community affiliate. Two hundred eighty-five postgraduate year (PGY)-1, 2, 3, and 4 and incoming PGY-1 residents were surveyed...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687606/monitoring-stress-among-internal-medicine-residents-an-experience-driven-practical-and-short-measure
#14
Nils Myszkowski, Barbara Villoing, Franck Zenasni, Philippe Jaury, Emilie Boujut
Residents experience severely high levels of stress, depression and burnout, leading to perceived medical errors, as well as to symptoms of impairment, such as chronic anger, cognitive impairment, suicidal behavior and substance abuse. Because research has not yet provided a psychometrically robust population-specific tool to measure the level of stress of medicine residents, we aimed at building and validating such a measure. Using an inductive scale development approach, a short, pragmatic measure was built, based on the interviews of 17 medicine residents...
August 12, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673252/poster-511-evaluating-burnout-in-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-residents
#15
Daniel J Kao, Kevin Franzese, Young Il Seo, Neil V Mandalaywala, Kunal Oak, Alex Moroz, Tracy Espiritu, Derek J Ho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669370/what-a-shame-increased-rates-of-oms-resident-burnout-may-be-related-to-the-frequency-of-shamed-events-during-training
#16
Michael C Shapiro, Sowmya R Rao, Jason Dean, Andrew R Salama
PURPOSE: Shame is an ineffective tool in residency education that often results in depression, isolation, and worse patient care. This study aimed to assess burnout, depersonalization, and personal achievement levels in current oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) residents, to assess the prevalence of the use of shame in OMS residency training, and to determine whether there is a relation between shame exposure and resident burnout, depersonalization, and personal achievement levels...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662003/narrative-medicine-workshops-for-obstetrics-and-gynecology-residents-and-association-with-burnout-measures
#17
Abigail Ford Winkel, Nathalie Feldman, Haley Moss, Holli Jakalow, Julia Simon, Stephanie Blank
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a workshop Narrative Medicine curriculum can improve burnout among obstetrics and gynecology residents. METHODS: A Narrative Medicine curriculum was conducted at three obstetrics and gynecology training programs. An explanatory research design examined correlation between Narrative Medicine attendance and changes in survey responses. Residents completed a pretest and 1-year posttest survey that included validated measures of burnout and empathy...
October 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651045/the-contribution-of-work-characteristics-home-characteristics-and-gender-to-burnout-in-medical-residents
#18
Hanne Verweij, Frank M M A van der Heijden, Madelon L M van Hooff, Jelle T Prins, Antoine L M Lagro-Janssen, Hiske van Ravesteijn, Anne E M Speckens
Burnout is highly prevalent in medical residents. In order to prevent or reduce burnout in medical residents, we should gain a better understanding of contributing and protective factors of burnout. Therefore we examined the associations of job demands and resources, home demands and resources, and work-home interferences with burnout in male and female medical residents. This study was conducted on a nation-wide sample of medical residents. In 2005, all Dutch medical residents (n = 5245) received a self-report questionnaire on burnout, job and home demands and resources and work-home interference...
September 20, 2016: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27631253/limitation-of-duty-hour-regulations-for-pediatric-resident-wellness-a-mixed-methods-study-in-japan
#19
Osamu Nomura, Hiroki Mishina, Yoshinori Kobayashi, Akira Ishiguro, Hirokazu Sakai, Hiroyuki Kato
Duty hour regulations have been placed in residency programs to address mental health concerns and to improve wellness. Here, we elucidate the prevalence of depressive symptoms after implementing an overnight call shift system and the factors associated with burnout or depression among residents.A sequential exploratory mixed methods study was conducted in a tertiary care pediatric and perinatal hospital in Tokyo, Japan. A total of 41 pediatric residents participated in the cross-sectional survey. We determined and compared the prevalence of depressive symptoms and the number of actual working hours before and after implementing the shift system...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629784/internal-medicine-residents-perceived-responsibility-for-patients-at-hospital-discharge-a-national-survey
#20
Eric Young, Chad Stickrath, Monica C McNulty, Aaron J Calderon, Elizabeth Chapman, Jed D Gonzalo, Ethan F Kuperman, Max Lopez, Christopher J Smith, Joseph R Sweigart, Cecelia N Theobald, Robert E Burke
BACKGROUND: Medical residents are routinely entrusted with transitions of care, yet little is known about the duration or content of their perceived responsibility for patients they discharge from the hospital. OBJECTIVE: To examine the duration and content of internal medicine residents' perceived responsibility for patients they discharge from the hospital. The secondary objective was to determine whether specific individual experiences and characteristics correlate with perceived responsibility...
December 2016: Journal of General Internal Medicine
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