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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888505/mindfulness-for-novice-pediatric-nurses-smartphone-application-versus-traditional-intervention
#1
Chelsey Morrison Wylde, Nicole E Mahrer, Rika M L Meyer, Jeffrey I Gold
PURPOSE: The current study compares the effects of a traditionally delivered mindfulness (TDM) intervention to a smartphone delivered mindfulness (SDM) intervention, Headspace, an audio-guided mindfulness meditation program, in a group of novice nurses. DESIGN AND METHODS: Novice nurses participating in a pediatric nurse residency program were asked to participate in either a TDM or SDM intervention. Participants (N=95) completed self-administered pencil and paper questionnaires measuring mindfulness skills, and risk and protective factors at the start of their residency and three months after entering the program...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876426/factors-associated-with-burnout-syndrome-in-medical-residents-of-a-university-hospital
#2
Pedro Alves da Cruz Gouveia, Maria Hosana Chaves Ribeiro, Carlos Alberto de Moura Aschoff, Doris Pires Gomes, Nadine Anita Fonseca da Silva, Helton Alexsandro Firmino Cavalcanti
Objective: To determine the prevalence of burnout syndrome among resident physicians of various specialties and to evaluate associated factors. Method: The Maslach Burnout Inventory questionnaire and a sociodemographic questionnaire were used to evaluate factors associated with the syndrome. Burnout was defined as the association of high emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and low professional achievement. Multivariate analysis was performed after adjustment of the Poisson model with the identification of risk factors and calculation of prevalence ratios (PR)...
June 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870691/-burnout-in-tunisian-medical-residents-about-149-cases
#3
A Ben Zid, W Homri, I Ben Romdhane, N Bram, R Labbane
BACKGROUND: Burnout is a professional psychological chronic stress-induced syndrome defined by three dimensions: emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and low personal accomplishment. This syndrome concerns all professions but especially healthcare staff. Numerous studies have attempted to document the impact of work activities on the doctor's mental health. According to the literature, junior doctors are more vulnerable to develop this syndrome. AIMS: Are to determine the prevalence of severe burnout among residents of different specialties: anesthesiology, general surgery, emergency medicine, psychiatry, basic sciences...
September 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865903/the-perfect-storm-is-on-the-horizon
#4
Dawn Fountain, Chi Quach, Darlene Norton, SuAnn White, Susan Ratliff, Kim Molteg, Donna Heyduk, Jessica Roof, Lillian Badurina
PURPOSE: Provide analysis of data identifying the impending mass turnover of Directors and Coordinators of General Surgery residency programs and the potential effect on successful continuing accreditation including the ACGME Next Accreditation System (NAS) and associated self study. METHODS: The Association of Residency Coordinators in Surgery, Executive Committee (ARCS EC) anonymously surveyed 254 general surgery Program Coordinators in September/October 2016...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863019/pediatric-anesthesiology-fellows-perception-of-quality-of-attending-supervision-and-medical-errors
#5
Hubert A Benzon, John Hajduk, Gildasio De Oliveira, Santhanam Suresh, Sarah L Nizamuddin, Robert McCarthy, Narasimhan Jagannathan
BACKGROUND: Appropriate supervision has been shown to reduce medical errors in anesthesiology residents and other trainees across various specialties. Nonetheless, supervision of pediatric anesthesiology fellows has yet to be evaluated. The main objective of this survey investigation was to evaluate supervision of pediatric anesthesiology fellows in the United States. We hypothesized that there was an indirect association between perceived quality of faculty supervision of pediatric anesthesiology fellow trainees and the frequency of medical errors reported...
August 31, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860889/mindfulness-burnout-and-effects-on-performance-evaluations-in-internal-medicine-residents
#6
Sarah E Braun, Stephen M Auerbach, Bruce Rybarczyk, Bennett Lee, Stephanie Call
PURPOSE: Burnout has been documented at high levels in medical residents with negative effects on performance. Some dispositional qualities, like mindfulness, may protect against burnout. The purpose of the present study was to assess burnout prevalence among internal medicine residents at a single institution, examine the relationship between mindfulness and burnout, and provide preliminary findings on the relation between burnout and performance evaluations in internal medicine residents...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859683/psychosocial-and-career-outcomes-of-peer-mentorship-in-medical-resident-education-a-systematic-review-protocol
#7
Helen Pethrick, Lorelli Nowell, Elizabeth Oddone Paolucci, Liza Lorenzetti, Michele Jacobsen, Tracey Clancy, Diane L Lorenzetti
BACKGROUND: Many medical residents lack ready access to social and emotional supports that enable them to successfully cope with the challenges associated with medical residency. This absence of support has been shown to lead to high levels of burnout, decreased mental wellbeing, and difficulty mastering professional competencies in this population. While there is emerging evidence that peer mentoring can be an important source of psychosocial and career-related support for many individuals, the extent of the evidence regarding the benefits of peer mentorship in medical residency education has not yet been established...
August 31, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853389/dementia-care-mapping-in-nursing-homes-effects-on-caregiver-attitudes-job-satisfaction-and-burnout-a-quasi-experimental-trial
#8
Martin Nikolaus Dichter, Diana Trutschel, Christian Günter Georg Schwab, Burkhard Haastert, Tina Quasdorf, Margareta Halek
BACKGROUND: The Dementia Care Mapping (DCM) method is an internationally recognized complex intervention in dementia research and care for implementing person-centered care. The Leben-QD II trial aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of DCM with regard to caregivers. METHODS: The nine participating nursing home units were allocated to three groups: (1) DCM method experienced ≥ 1 year, (2) DCM newly introduced during this trial, and (3) regular rating of residents' quality of life (control group)...
August 30, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842868/resident-perspectives-on-work-life-policies-and-implications-for-burnout
#9
Nicole Westercamp, Raziya S Wang, Magali Fassiotto
OBJECTIVE: As resident burnout increases, there is a need for better awareness, resources, and interventions. Challenges in balancing work and life priorities have been implicated in contributing to physician burnout. Institutional work-life policies (WLPs) are critical tools to meet work-life needs. This study investigates the influence of WLPs on residents' experiences. METHODS: The authors emailed a SurveyMonkey link to the APA chief resident and Minority Fellow listservs and directly to 94 psychiatry program directors and 52 fellowship directors nationwide to distribute a survey to residents regarding WLP use and barriers, as well as burnout...
August 25, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830279/work-engagement-in-health-professions-education
#10
Joost W van den Berg, Nicole J J M Mastenbroek, Renée A Scheepers, A Debbie C Jaarsma
Work engagement deserves more attention in health professions education because of its positive relations with personal well-being and performance at work. For health professions education, these outcomes have been studied on various levels. Consider engaged clinical teachers, who are seen as better clinical teachers; consider engaged residents, who report committing fewer medical errors than less engaged peers. Many topics in health professions education can benefit from explicitly including work engagement as an intended outcome such as faculty development programs, feedback provision and teacher recognition...
August 22, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806609/sleep-disturbances-in-young-and-middle-aged-adults-empirical-patterns-and-related-factors-from-an-epidemiological-survey
#11
Wulf Rössler, Vladeta AjdacicGross, Nick Glozier, Stephanie Rodgers, Helene Haker, Mario Müller
BACKGROUND: Previous research suggests that sleep disorders are highly associated with other mental health problems. However, sleep problems even below the diagnostic threshold of sleep disorders are very common in the general population, which highly affects wellbeing and functioning. In order to broaden the focus beyond those severe cases we explored empirical patterns across the whole spectrum of sleep problems as well as associated clinical and other factors. METHOD: A representative community sample of N=1274 residents from the canton of Zurich was interviewed for sleep problems and diagnostic criteria for mental disorders as well as was given a number of mental health-related psychometrical checklists...
July 21, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795973/the-academy-of-master-clinicians-recognition-of-clinical-excellence-within-an-academic-medical-center
#12
John H Glick, Victoria Mulhern, Kim M Olthoff, Jack Ende
PROBLEM: Academic health centers face increasing challenges in pursuing and maintaining clinical excellence in their tripartite mission. At Penn Medicine, an institution-wide strategic planning process was initiated in 2012. Among the recommendations that arose from that process was to enhance the recognition of Penn Medicine's most outstanding clinicians. The Academy of Master Clinicians (AoMC) was founded in 2013. APPROACH: The ad hoc committee charged with the development and implementation of the AoMC provided a mission statement, eligibility criteria, and a process for nomination and selection of AoMC members...
August 8, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795335/encouraging-mindfulness-in-medical-house-staff-via-smartphone-app-a-pilot-study
#13
Louise Wen, Timothy E Sweeney, Lindsay Welton, Mickey Trockel, Laurence Katznelson
BACKGROUND: Stress and burnout are increasingly recognized as urgent issues among resident physicians, especially given the concerning implications of burnout on physician well-being and patient care outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The authors assessed how a mindfulness and meditation practice among residents, supported via a self-guided, smartphone-based mindfulness app, affects wellness as measured by prevalidated surveys. METHODS: Residents in the departments of general surgery, anesthesia, and obstetrics and gynecology were recruited for participation in this survey-based, four-week, single-arm study...
August 9, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794665/resident-wellness-institutional-trends-over-10-years-since-2003
#14
Dongseok Choi, Andrea Cedfeldt, Christine Flores, Kimberly Irish, Patrick Brunett, Donald Girard
BACKGROUND: The surveys in this study were carried out at the Graduate Medical Education Division at Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU). OHSU implemented two significant wellness initiatives: a wellness program in 2004, and a policy allowing 4 half-days off each academic year to pursue personal or family health care needs in 2010. This study provides a secondary data analysis of five cross-sectional surveys of career satisfaction of resident and fellow trainees. METHODS: All trainees were surveyed five times over a 10-year period using anonymous, cross-sectional web-based survey instruments...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762436/burnout-among-plastic-surgery-residents-national-survey-in-saudi-arabia
#15
Turki Aldrees, Basil Hassouneh, Abdulaziz Alabdulkarim, Loujin Asad, Saleh Alqaryan, Emad Aljohani, Khalid Alqahtani
To develop a more comprehensive explanation and understanding of the prevalence of and factors associated with burnout for residents of the Saudi Plastic Surgery Residency Program.  Methods: This is a cross sectional study. Data was gathered using a survey, which was distributed during April 2015, among all 57 plastic surgery residents enrolled in training programs across all regions of Saudi Arabia, 38 of whom responded (60% response rate). The dependent variable was professional burnout, which was measured by 3 subscales of the validated Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI)...
August 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755472/impact-of-managers-coaching-conversations-on-staff-knowledge-use-and-performance-in-long-term-care-settings
#16
Greta G Cummings, Sarah J Hewko, Mengzhe Wang, Carol A Wong, Heather K Spence Laschinger, Carole A Estabrooks
BACKGROUND: Extended lifespans and complex resident care needs have amplified resource demands on nursing homes. Nurse managers play an important role in staff job satisfaction, research use, and resident outcomes. Coaching skills, developed through leadership skill-building, have been shown to be of value in nursing. AIMS: To test a theoretical model of nursing home staff perceptions of their work context, their managers' use of coaching conversations, and their use of instrumental, conceptual and persuasive research...
July 29, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747836/the-evaluation-of-burnout-and-job-satisfaction-levels-in-residents-of-pediatrics
#17
Murat Anıl, Ali Yurtseven, İlkay Yurtseven, Mevlüt Ülgen, Ayşe Berna Anıl, Mehmet Helvacı, Nejat Aksu
AIM: The aim of the study was to examine the level of job-related burnout and the level of job satisfaction among residents of pediatrics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 102 residents of pediatrics who were trained in two Ministry of Health teaching and research hospitals and in two university hospitals in Izmir were included in the study. Demographic data (age, sex), lifestyle (living with parents or not, marital status, number of children) and professional characteristics (total time spent in profession, time spent in residency, number of night shifts per month, institution type: teaching hospital/university) were collected...
June 2017: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719565/burnout-in-orthopaedic-surgeons-a-challenge-for-leaders-learners-and-colleagues-aoa-critical-issues
#18
REVIEW
S Elizabeth Ames, James B Cowan, Keith Kenter, Sanford Emery, David Halsey
Burnout, depression, suicidal ideation, and dissatisfaction with work-life balance have been reported in all medical specialties and at all stages of medical education and practice experience. Burnout consists of progressive emotional, attitudinal, and physical exhaustion. Physicians with burnout may treat patients as objects and feel emotionally depleted. Burnout is characterized by a loss of enthusiasm for work (emotional exhaustion), feelings of cynicism (depersonalization), and a low sense of personal accomplishment...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693982/assessing-and-promoting-the-wellness-of-united-states-ophthalmology-residents-a-survey-of-program-directors
#19
Elaine M Tran, Ingrid U Scott, Melissa A Clark, Paul B Greenberg
OBJECTIVE: To report on the status of residency-based wellness initiatives in ophthalmic graduate medical education and identify strategies for promoting ophthalmology resident wellness by surveying US ophthalmology program directors (PDs). DESIGN: The PDs were each sent an e-mail containing a link to an anonymous online 15-question survey. The PDs also received a letter with the survey link and a $1 incentive. After 2 weeks, nonresponders received 2 weekly reminder e-mails and phone calls...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691950/posttraumatic-stress-and-burnout-symptoms-in-forensic-doctors-and-staff-in-a-mortuary
#20
İlhami Kömür, Rifat O Ozdemirel, İsmail Ozver, Bünyamin Başpinar, Muhammet Demir, Fatih Gönen, Eyüp Kandemir, Murat Emul
We aimed to investigate burnout and posttraumatic stress symptoms in mortuary staff members who work for the Council of Forensic Medicine where more than 4500 autopsies are annually performed.The data were collected from 142 mortuary staff members from the Council of Forensic Medicine, Turkey. The participants were divided into the following 4 groups: forensic medicine specialists (n = 40, 28.2%), forensic medicine residents (n = 54, 38.0%), autopsy technicians (n = 24, 16.9%), and other staff members (n = 24, 16...
September 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
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