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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926165/pre-stroke-physical-activity-is-associated-with-fewer-post-stroke-complications-lower-mortality-and-a-better-long-term-outcome
#1
Chi-Pang Wen, Chung-Hsiang Liu, Jiann-Shing Jeng, Shih-Pin Hsu, Chih-Hung Chen, Li-Ming Lien, An-Chih Chen, Jiunn-Tay Lee, Ping-Kun Chen, Chih-Shan Hsu, Chang-Ming Chern, Chien-Chung Chen, Ming-Chin Hsu, Kang Lu, Han-Jung Chen, Hao-Kuang Wang, Chih-Hsin Muo, Chung Y Hsu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Physical activity is associated with a reduced incidence of first-time stroke; however, few studies have examined the effect of pre-stroke physical activity on post-stroke complications and clinical outcomes. METHODS: A total of 39,835 cases of stroke registered in the nationwide stroke registry system of Taiwan between 2006 and 2009 were analyzed according to 5 levels of severity as determined by NIHSS (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale) score upon hospital admission...
September 19, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925406/abdominal-fat-deposits-determined-by-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-relation-to-leptin-and-vaspin-levels-as-well-as-insulin-resistance-in-the-general-adult-population
#2
F Genske, J-P Kühn, M Pietzner, G Homuth, W Rathmann, H J Grabe, H Völzke, H Wallaschofski, N Friedrich
BACKGROUND: Various fat depots including visceral (VAT), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) or liver fat content (LFC) were supposed to have different influences on various entities including adipokine levels as well as insulin resistance/sensitivity. Therefore, the aim of the study was to investigate the associations of SAT, VAT and LFC with the levels of leptin and vaspin as well as insulin resistance in a general non-diabetic population. METHODS: In total, 1825 participants of the Study of Health in Pomerania were characterized according to body fat compartments and LFC determined by magnetic resonance imaging...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923367/a-prospective-study-examining-the-influence-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-on-the-sedentary-time-of-highly-sedentary-physically-inactive-patients
#3
A Biswas, P I Oh, G E Faulkner, D A Alter
OBJECTIVES: Prolonged sedentary time is recognized as a distinct health risk, and mortality risks are expected to be greatest for individuals with low exercise levels. It is unknown whether participation in exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programs influences sedentary behaviour particularly among those patients expected to be at greatest mortality risk. This study examined the influence of CR participation on sedentary behaviour and identified the proportion and characteristics (socio-demographic and clinical) of patients who do not meet exercise recommendations and have prolonged sedentary times...
September 8, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920072/associations-between-neighborhood-socioeconomic-environment-and-physical-activity-in-cuban-immigrants
#4
Olivia Affuso, Chelsea R Singleton, Scott C Brown, Tatiana Perrino, Shi Huang, José Szapocznik
Physical inactivity is a major public health concern because it is a determinant of obesity and obesity-related chronic diseases. Few longitudinal studies have examined the association between neighborhood socioeconomic (SES) environment and change in physical activity behaviors. Additionally, few studies have examined this association in immigrant groups or Hispanic subgroups such as Cubans. This research aimed to determine if neighborhood SES is associated with longitudinal change in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) among Cuban immigrants who participate in the Cuban Health Study in Miami, Florida...
December 2016: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918604/symptom-experience-of-multiple-myeloma-symmex-patients-treated-with-autologous-stem-cell-transplantation-following-high-dose-melphalan-a-descriptive-longitudinal-study
#5
Matthias Naegele, Monika Kirsch, Gabriele Ihorst, Katharina Fierz, Monika Engelhardt, Sabina De Geest
PURPOSE: High-dose melphalan and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) are associated with high symptom burden. This study aimed to explore multiple myeloma (MM) patients' experience of symptom frequency, intensity, and distress during therapy. METHODS: This descriptive longitudinal study enrolled 29 MM patients who completed the 43-item PROVIVO questionnaire, measuring symptom experience across the dimensions of frequency, intensity, and distress at four assessment points: hospital admission (T0), leucocyte nadir (T1), discharge (T2), and 30 days post discharge (T3)...
September 16, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915274/prevalence-of-mind-and-body-exercises-mbe-in-relation-to-demographics-self-rated-health-and-purchases-of-prescribed-psychotropic-drugs-and-analgesics
#6
Lina Rådmark, Linda L Magnusson Hanson, Eva Bojner Horwitz, Walter Osika
This study aims to identify any differences regarding gender, age, socioeconomic status (SES), self-rated health, perceived stress and the purchase of prescribed drugs among people who practice mind and body exercises (MBE) extensively compared to people who do not. METHODS: The study includes 3,913 men and 4,803 women aged 20-72 who participated in the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health (SLOSH). The respondents were divided into three groups depending on frequency of MBE practice (never/seldom/often)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914196/ethnic-disparity-and-increased-prevalence-of-type-2-diabetes-among-south-asians-aetiology-and-future-implications-for-diabetes-prevention-and-management
#7
Venugopal Vijayakumar, Ramesh Mavathur, Manjunath Nk Sharma
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is turning out to be a global health crisis. Current available literature clearly indicates an increased risk of type 2 diabetes amongst South Asian population. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this narrative review is to explore the non-modifiable and modifiable risk factors of T2DM in South Asian population, including their beliefs, attitudes, socio economic and cultural barriers and also to explore the possible implications in designing culture specific diabetes prevention and management programs...
September 15, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912752/disparities-in-cardiovascular-disease-and-type-2-diabetes-risk-factors-in-blacks-and-whites-dissecting-racial-paradox-of-metabolic-syndrome
#8
REVIEW
Kwame Osei, Trudy Gaillard
Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) remain as the leading cause of mortality in the western world and have become a major health threat for developing countries. There are several risk factors that account for the CVD and the associated mortality. These include genetics, type 2 diabetes (T2DM), obesity, physical inactivity, hypertension, and abnormal lipids and lipoproteins. The constellation of these risk factors has been termed metabolic syndrome (MetS). MetS varies among racial and ethnic populations. Thus, race and ethnicity account for some of the differences in the MetS and the associated CVD and T2DM...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912463/physical-activity-is-prospectively-associated-with-spinal-pain-in-children-champs-study-dk
#9
Claudia Franz, Niels Christian Møller, Lars Korsholm, Eva Jespersen, Jeffrey J Hebert, Niels Wedderkopp
Spinal pain and physical inactivity are critical public health issues. We investigated the prospective associations of physical activity intensity with spinal pain in children. Physical activity was quantified with accelerometry in a cohort of primary school students. Over 19 months, parents of primary school students reported children's spinal pain status each week via text-messaging (self-reported spinal pain). Spinal pain reports were followed-up by trained clinicians who diagnosed each child's complaint and classified the pain as non-traumatic or traumatic...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911148/age-related-anabolic-resistance-of-myofibrillar-protein-synthesis-is-exacerbated-in-obese-inactive-individuals
#10
Benoit Smeuninx, James Mckendry, Daisy Wilson, Una Martin, Leigh Breen
Context: A diminished muscle anabolic response to protein nutrition may underpin age-associated muscle loss. Objective: To determine how chronological and biological aging influence myofibrillar protein synthesis (MyoPS). Design: Cross-sectional comparison. Setting: Clinical research facility. Participants: Ten older lean [OL: 71.7 ± 6 years; body mass index (BMI) ≤25 kg ⋅ m-2], 7 older obese (OO: 69...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910937/-co-prevalence-of-chronic-disease-risk-factors-and-influencing-factors-in-floating-population-in-china
#11
Z H Chen, M Zhang, Y C Li, Z J Huang, L M Wang
Objective: To investigate the prevalence and co-prevalence of tobacco use, excessive alcohol use, insufficient intake of vegetable and fruit, physical inactivity, and overweight or obesity in floating population and influencing factors in China, 2012. Methods: Data from the 2012 China Chronic Disease Risk Factor Survey in Floating Population in China were used. In this survey, 48 704 people aged 18-59 years in floating population were selected through stratified multistage clustering sampling in 170 counties and districts from 31 province (autonomous regions and municipalities) and Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps...
September 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903738/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-physical-activity-with-individual-goal-setting-and-volunteer-mentors-to-overcome-sedentary-lifestyle-in-older-adults-at-risk-of-cognitive-decline-the-indigo-trial-protocol
#12
Kay L Cox, Elizabeth V Cyarto, Christopher Etherton-Beer, Kathryn A Ellis, Helman Alfonso, Linda Clare, Danny Liew, David Ames, Leon Flicker, Osvaldo P Almeida, Dina LoGiudice, Nicola T Lautenschlager
BACKGROUND: Increasing physical activity (PA) effectively in those who are inactive is challenging. For those who have subjective memory complaints (SMC) or mild cognitive impairment (MCI) this is a greater challenge necessitating the need for more engaging and innovative approaches. The primary aim of this trial is to determine whether a home-based 6-month PA intervention with individual goal-setting and peer mentors (GM-PA) can significantly increase PA levels in insufficiently active older adults at increased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD)...
September 13, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902280/-impact-of-physical-inactivity-on-mortality-and-the-economic-costs-of-cardiovascular-deaths-evidence-from-argentina
#13
Christian Martín García, José Antonio González-Jurado
Objective: Estimate mortality and economic costs from cardiovascular diseases attributable to physical inactivity in Argentina. Methods: Attributable mortality (AM) from physical inactivity was estimated as the product of the population attributable fraction and the number of deaths caused by associated cardiovascular diseases. Value of statistical life (VSL) was calculated using the human capital approach, in which VSL was estimated through lost productivity from premature death...
August 21, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899848/a-multi-level-mobile-enabled-intervention-to-promote-physical-activity-in-older-adults-in-the-primary-care-setting-icanfit-2-0-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Y Alicia Hong, Samuel N Forjuoh, Marcia G Ory, Michael D Reis, Huiyan Sang
BACKGROUND: Most older adults do not adhere to the US Centers for Disease Control physical activity guidelines; their physical inactivity contributes to overweight and multiple chronic conditions. An urgent need exists for effective physical activity-promotion programs for the large number of older adults in the United States. OBJECTIVE: This study presents the development of the intervention and trial protocol of iCanFit 2.0, a multi-level, mobile-enabled, physical activity-promotion program developed for overweight older adults in primary care settings...
September 12, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899366/effects-of-physical-activity-calorie-expenditure-pace-labeling-study-design-and-baseline-sample-characteristics
#15
Anthony J Viera, Laura Tuttle, Emily Olsson, Julie Gras-Najjar, Ziya Gizlice, Derek Hales, Laura Linnan, Feng-Chang Lin, Seth M Noar, Alice Ammerman
BACKGROUND: Obesity and physical inactivity are responsible for more than 365,000 deaths per year and contribute substantially to rising healthcare costs in the US, making clear the need for effective public health interventions. Calorie labeling on menus has been implemented to guide consumer ordering behaviors, but effects on calories purchased has been minimal. METHODS: In this project, we tested the effect of physical activity calorie expenditure (PACE) food labels on actual point-of-decision food purchasing behavior as well as physical activity...
September 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898445/characterizing-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-intellectual-disability-outcomes-of-a-case-finding-study
#16
L D Bryant, A M Russell, R E A Walwyn, A J Farrin, A Wright-Hughes, E H Graham, D Nagi, A Stansfield, J Birtwistle, S Meer, R A Ajjan, A O House
AIMS: To report the results of a case-finding study conducted during a feasibility trial of a supported self-management intervention for adults with mild to moderate intellectual disability and Type 2 diabetes mellitus, and to characterize the study sample in terms of diabetes control, health, and access to diabetes management services and support. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional case-finding study in the UK (March 2013 to June 2015), which recruited participants mainly through primary care settings...
September 12, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894535/the-psychometric-properties-of-exercise-benefits-barriers-scale-among-women
#17
Leila Amiri Farahani, Soroor Parvizy, Eesa Mohammadi, Mohsen Asadi-Lari, Anoshiravan Kazemnejad, Seyede Batool Hasanpoor-Azgahdy, Ziba Taghizadeh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Despite the numerous health benefits of regular physical activity (PA), physical inactivity is a major health issue among women. The goal of the current study was to measure the validity and reliability assessment of the exercise benefits/barriers scale among women between the ages of 18 and 65 years. This study was carried out among women residing in Khoramroudi neighborhood in Tehran between December 2013 and February 2014. METHODS: In this descriptive, methodological study, 278 women residing in Khoramroudi neighborhood in Tehran between December 2013 and February 2014 completed three questionnaires: the demographic data form, the Exercise Benefits/Barriers Scale...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894289/factors-associated-with-long-term-weight-loss-maintenance-following-bariatric-surgery-in-adolescents-with-severe-obesity
#18
J R Ryder, A C Gross, C K Fox, A M Kaizer, K D Rudser, T M Jenkins, M B Ratcliff, A S Kelly, S Kirk, R M Siegel, T H Inge
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Bariatric surgery produces robust weight loss, however, factors associated with long-term weight-loss maintenance among adolescents undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery are unknown. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Fifty adolescents (mean±s.d. age and body mass index (BMI)=17.1±1.7 years and 59±11 kg m(-2)) underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery, had follow-up visits at 1 year and at a visit between 5 and 12 years following surgery (Follow-up of Adolescent Bariatric Surgery at 5 Plus years (FABS-5+) visit; mean±s...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892823/tracking-our-physical-inactivity-and-progression-to-death-is-this-evolutionary-stagnation
#19
David A Alter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891743/high-intensity-cardiorespiratory-and-strength-exercises-reduced-emotional-distress-and-fatigue-in-patients-with-axial-spondyloarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#20
S H Sveaas, I J Berg, C Fongen, S A Provan, H Dagfinrud
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of high-intensity exercise on emotional distress, fatigue, and ability to do a full day's activities in patients with axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA). METHOD: A total of 28 physically inactive axSpA patients were randomized to either an exercise group (EG), which performed 12 weeks of cardiorespiratory and strength exercises, or a control group (CG), which received treatment as usual. The outcomes reported in this paper are secondary outcomes in the trial and included emotional distress (General Health Questionnaire-12, 0-36, 36 = worst), fatigue [numeric rating scale (NRS), 0-10, 10 = worst], and ability to do a full day's activities (NRS, 0-10, 10 = worst)...
September 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
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