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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637260/associations-of-obesity-and-lifestyle-with-the-risk-and-mortality-of-bloodstream-infection-in-a-general-population-a-15-year-follow-up-of-64%C3%A2-027-individuals-in-the-hunt-study
#1
Julie Paulsen, Åsa Askim, Randi Marie Mohus, Arne Mehl, Andrew Dewan, Erik Solligård, Jan Kristian Damås, Bjørn O Åsvold
Background: Bloodstream infections (BSI) cause considerable morbidity and mortality, and primary prevention should be a priority. Lifestyle factors are of particular interest since they represent a modifiable target. Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study among participants in the population-based Norwegian HUNT2 Survey, where 64 027 participants were followed from 1995-97 through 2011 by linkage to prospectively recorded information on BSI at local and regional hospitals...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637074/-nutrition-in-cancer-effective-in-prevention-and-treatment
#2
Jann Arends
Nutritional effects on cancer occurrence and on treatment outcome in cancer patients may depend on food preferences and on the quantity of foods supplied. However, it has been difficult to reliably show beneficial effects of specific dietary concepts on cancer incidence. On the other hand, obesity as a result of chronic overfeeding has been linked firmly to an increased risk of a number of cancers as well as on cancer recurrence after treatment. Metabolic consequences of obesity and other components of the metabolic syndrome may be responsible for inducing and/or promoting cancer growth and should be antagonized by regular moderate physical activity in healthy subjects and in cancer survivors...
June 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634898/role-of-obesity-in-asthma-mechanisms-and-management-strategies
#3
REVIEW
Hayley A Scott, Lisa G Wood, Peter G Gibson
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obesity is a commonly reported comorbidity in asthma, particularly in severe asthma. Obese asthmatics are highly symptomatic with a poor quality of life, despite using high-dose inhaled corticosteroids. While the clinical manifestations have been documented, the aetiologies of obese-asthma remain unclear. RECENT FINDINGS: Several potential mechanisms have been proposed, including poor diet quality, physical inactivity and consequent accrual of excess adipose tissue...
August 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634102/depression-and-asthma-outcomes-in-older-adults-results-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#4
Pooja O Patel, Minal R Patel, Alan P Baptist
BACKGROUND: Older adults have high rates of asthma morbidity and mortality, as well as increased rates of depression. There are no nationally representative studies describing the association of depression on key asthma outcomes such as emergency department (ED) visits among older adults. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the association of depression with asthma outcomes in older adults (age ≥ 55) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
June 17, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633049/physical-activity-correlates-among-24-230-people-with-depression-across-46-low-and-middle-income-countries
#5
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Joseph Firth, Mats Hallgren, Felipe Schuch, Jouni Lahti, Simon Rosenbaum, Philip B Ward, James Mugisha, André F Carvalho, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of nationally representative data available on the correlates of physical activity (PA) among people with depression, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Thus, we investigated PA correlates among community-dwelling adults with depression in this setting. METHODS: World Health Survey data included 24,230 adults (43.1 ± 16.1 years; 36.1% male) with ICD-10 diagnoses of depression including brief depressive episode and subsyndromal depression aged ≥ 18 years from 46 LMICs...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631241/improving-self-management-of-type-2-diabetes-in-overweight-and-inactive-patients-through-an-educational-and-motivational-intervention-addressing-diet-and-physical-activity-a-prospective-study-in-naples-south-italy
#6
Francesca Gallé, Valeria Di Onofrio, Assunta Cirella, Mirella Di Dio, Alessandra Miele, Tiziana Spinosa, Giorgio Liguori
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition and physical activity are key elements in the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes. A community-based, multidisciplinary educational intervention aimed to improve quality of life and disease self-management in sedentary, overweight/obese type 2 diabetic patients was implemented in Naples, South Italy. METHODS: The 9-month intervention included a motivational program, a nutrition program, and an exercise program. Satisfaction, worry, and embarrassment regarding their condition, together with disease-related behaviors and propensity towards physical activity, were evaluated through a validated questionnaire before and after the intervention; health status perception was evaluated through the short-form 12 questionnaire...
June 19, 2017: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631101/stationary-cycling-exergame-use-among-inactive-children-in-the-family-home-a-randomized-trial
#7
Ryan E Rhodes, Chris M Blanchard, Shannon S D Bredin, Mark R Beauchamp, Ralph Maddison, Darren E R Warburton
Exergames may be one way to increase child physical activity, but long term adherence has seen little research attention. The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the usage of an exergame bike in comparison to a stationary bike in front of a TV across 3-months within a family home environment among children aged 10-14 years old. Seventy-three inactive children were recruited through advertisements and randomized to either the exergame condition (n = 39) or the standard bike condition (n = 34)...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629640/is-physical-activity-a-modifier-of-the-association-between-air-pollution-and-arterial-stiffness-in-older-adults-the-sapaldia-cohort-study
#8
Simon Endes, Emmanuel Schaffner, Seraina Caviezel, Julia Dratva, Daiana Stolz, Christian Schindler, Nino Künzli, Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss, Nicole Probst-Hensch
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Air pollution and insufficient physical activity have been associated with inflammation and oxidative stress, molecular mechanisms linked to arterial stiffness and cardiovascular disease. There are no studies on how physical activity modifies the association between air pollution and arterial stiffness. We examined whether the adverse cardiovascular effects of air pollution were modified by individual physical activity levels in 2823 adults aged 50-81 years from the well-characterized Swiss Cohort Study on Air Pollution and Lung and Heart Diseases (SAPALDIA)...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629178/active2gether-a-personalized-m-health-intervention-to-encourage-physical-activity
#9
Michel C A Klein, Adnan Manzoor, Julia S Mollee
Lack of physical activity is an increasingly important health risk. Modern mobile technology, such as smartphones and digital measurement devices, provides new opportunities to tackle physical inactivity. This paper describes the design of a system that aims to encourage young adults to be more physically active. The system monitors the user's behavior, uses social comparison and provides tailored and personalized feedback based on intelligent reasoning mechanisms. As the name suggests, social processes play an important role in the Active2Gether system...
June 19, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628591/movement-system-diagnosis
#10
Ann F Van Sant
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This article presents the concept of movement system diagnoses (MSDxs), including an examination of the evolution of the ideas that are shaping the development of MSDxs. SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS: Ideas leading to development of the need for MSDxs are traced, and an overview of Diagnosis Dialog and points of consensus are provided. Four examples from areas of neurologic and pediatric practice where additional work is needed on movement system diagnosis are highlighted...
July 2017: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628476/differences-in-physical-activity-eating-habits-and-risk-of-obesity-among-kuwaiti-adolescent-boys-and-girls-a-population-based-study
#11
Hanan E Badr, S Fatima Lakha, Peter Pennefather
The study aimed to assess gender differences among Kuwaiti adolescents in healthy living choices that impact the risk of obesity. A cross-sectional multistage cluster design was employed with a representative sample of 2672 students aged 13-15 years who completed a self-administered Global School-based Student Health (GSHS) survey. The study found that around 48.0% of adolescents were overweight and obese. More boys than girls were obese (28.2% vs. 22.3%, p < 0.0001). However, boys were more likely than girls to report healthy food choices regarding fruit (38...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626105/-association-rule-regarding-chronic-disease-relevant-risk-factors-for-the-adults-in-haidian-district
#12
Xuan Luo, Xiaofang Yan, Mingming Luo, Yongquan Liu, Jing Guo, Hongbo Wang, Jingcheng Shi, Zhenqiu Sun
To investigate the association patterns of chronic disease-relevant risk factors for the adults in Haidian District.
 Methods: Data for chronic disease-relevant risk factors for 3 219 adults in Haidian District in 2014 were collected and analyzed. SPSS 18.0 was used for statistical description and logistic regression. SPSS Modeler 14.1 was used to explore the association among the chronic disease-relevant risk factors.
 Results: Among men, 5 patterns of chronic disease-relevant risk factors were identified, which suggested that heavy drinking, inadequate intake of fruit and vegetables, and physical inactivity were associated with smoking while inadequate intake of fruit and vegetables and smoking were associated with physical inactivity...
May 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625058/structural-basis-for-substrate-helix-remodeling-and-cleavage-loop-activation-in-the-varkud-satellite-ribozyme
#13
Saurja DasGupta, Nikolai B Suslov, Joseph A Piccirilli
The Varkud satellite (VS) ribozyme catalyzes site-specific RNA cleavage and ligation reactions. Recognition of the substrate involves a kissing loop interaction between the substrate and the catalytic domain of the ribozyme resulting in a rearrangement of the substrate helix register into a so-called 'shifted' conformation that is critical for substrate binding and activation. We report a 3.3 Å crystal structure of the complete ribozyme that reveals the active, shifted conformation of the substrate, docked into the catalytic domain of the ribozyme...
June 19, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622764/-in-the-mood-for-ageing-determinants-of-subjective-well-being-in-older-men-and-women-of-the-population-based-kora-age-study
#14
Karoline Lukaschek, Anushiya Vanajan, Hamimatunnisa Johar, Nina Weiland, Karl-Heinz Ladwig
BACKGROUND: To investigate risk factors associated with low subjective well-being (SWB) in men and women (≥65 years) separately with a special focus on emotional distress. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis was conducted among 3602 participants (50.6% women) aged 65-90 years (mean age 72.8 years, SD ± 5.8) from the population-based KORA-Age study conducted in 2008/2009. SWB was assessed using the WHO-5 well-being index (score range: 0 to 100). SWB was dichotomized into "low" (score ≤ 50) and "high" (score > 50) SWB...
June 16, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621751/geographic-variations-in-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-luxembourg
#15
Ala'a Alkerwi, Illiasse El Bahi, Saverio Stranges, Jean Beissel, Charles Delagardelle, Stephanie Noppe, Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and associated behavioural and metabolic risk factors constitute a major public health concern at a global level. Many reports worldwide have documented different risk profiles for populations with demographic variations. The objective of this study was to examine geographic variations in the top leading cardio metabolic and behavioural risk factors in Luxembourg, in order to provide an overall picture of CVD burden across the country. The analysis conducted was based on data from the nationwide ORISCAV-LUX survey, including 1432 subjects, aged 18-69 years...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620700/gender-varying-associations-between-physical-activity-intensity-and-mental-quality-of-life-in-older-cancer-survivors
#16
David E Conroy, Kathleen Y Wolin, Cindy K Blair, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried
PURPOSE: Physical activity can enhance quality of life in cancer survivors, but this conclusion is based largely on research linking moderate-to-vigorous physical activity with quality of life. Light-intensity physical activity may be more feasible than more strenuous exercise for many older cancer survivors. This study reports a secondary analysis of baseline data from a lifestyle behavior intervention trial and examines the hypothesis that older cancer survivors who engage in more light-intensity physical activity, independent of moderate-to-vigorous activity, will report better mental quality of life...
June 15, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619025/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-a-healthy-lifestyle-clinician-in-addressing-the-chronic-disease-risk-behaviours-of-community-mental-health-clients-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Caitlin Fehily, Kate Bartlem, John Wiggers, Paula Wye, Richard Clancy, David Castle, Sonia Wutzke, Chris Rissel, Andrew Wilson, Paul McCombie, Fionna Murphy, Jenny Bowman
BACKGROUND: People with a mental illness experience a greater morbidity and mortality from chronic diseases relative to the general population. A higher prevalence of modifiable health risk behaviours such as smoking, poor nutrition, physical inactivity and harmful alcohol consumption contribute substantially to this disparity. Despite clinical practice guidelines recommending that mental health services routinely provide care to address these risk behaviours, the provision of such care is consistently reported to be low internationally and in Australia...
June 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617869/statins-are-related-to-impaired-exercise-capacity-in-males-but-not-females
#18
Martin Bahls, Stefan Groß, Till Ittermann, Raila Busch, Sven Gläser, Ralf Ewert, Henry Völzke, Stephan B Felix, Marcus Dörr
BACKGROUND: Exercise and statins reduce cardiovascular disease (CVD). Exercise capacity may be assessed using cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). Whether statin medication is associated with CPET parameters is unclear. We investigated if statins are related with exercise capacity during CPET in the general population. METHODS: Cross-sectional data of two independent cohorts of the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP) were merged (n = 3,500; 50% males). Oxygen consumption (VO2) at peak exercise (VO2peak) and anaerobic threshold (VO2@AT) was assessed during symptom-limited CPET...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617779/-physical-activity-and-its-importance-in-the-workplace
#19
Daniele Masala, Alice Mannocci, Alessandra Sinopoli, Valeria D'Egidio, Paolo Villari, Giuseppe La Torre
The present study aims to highlight the importance of physical activity in the workplace and its fundamental role for the wellness of an individual. The relationship between sedentary lifestyle and health is supported by several epidemiological studies and inactivity is one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular disease, chronic conditions and cancer. According to the World Health Organization, physical activity represents: "any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that requires energy expenditure"...
March 2017: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614188/placebo-effects-of-a-sham-opioid-solution-a-randomized-controlled-study-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#20
Regine Klinger, Ralph Kothe, Julia Schmitz, Sandra Kamping, Herta Flor
This study tested the experimental placebo effect in a group of chronic pain patients. Forty-eight patients suffering from chronic back pain participated in a randomized clinical trial that tested the efficacy of a sham opioid solution (NaCl) compared to an alleged neutral, completely inactive solution (NaCl). We shaped the placebo effect by two interventions: suggestion/instruction and conditioning. The patients were either told that the "solution reduces pain/improves physical capacity" or the "solution is neutral, a placebo"...
June 9, 2017: Pain
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