keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

physical inactivity

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775496/young-adult-s-knowledge-and-attitudes-towards-cardiovascular-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Ronald Trejo, Wendy Cross, John Stephenson, Karen-Leigh Edward
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore young adult's knowledge and attitudes of cardiovascular disease and its risk factors. BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease morbidity is rising and mortality is declining among young adults. However, the knowledge of cardiovascular disease by young adults is not well known. DESIGN: A systematic review with meta-analysis was used. METHODS: The databases of CINHAL, Medline Complete, PsychINFO and Psycharticles were searched for all studies published before June 2016...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772844/leucine-supplementation-does-not-attenuate-skeletal-muscle-loss-during-leg-immobilization-in-healthy-young-men
#2
Evelien M P Backx, Astrid M H Horstman, Gabriel N Marzuca-Nassr, Janneau van Kranenburg, Joey S Smeets, Cas J Fuchs, Anniek A W Janssen, Lisette C P G M de Groot, Tim Snijders, Lex B Verdijk, Luc J C van Loon
BACKGROUND: Short successive periods of physical inactivity occur throughout life and contribute considerably to the age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass. The maintenance of muscle mass during brief periods of disuse is required to prevent functional decline and maintain metabolic health. OBJECTIVE: To assess whether daily leucine supplementation during a short period of disuse can attenuate subsequent muscle loss in vivo in humans. METHODS: Thirty healthy (22 ± 1 y) young males were exposed to a 7-day unilateral knee immobilization intervention by means of a full leg cast with (LEU, n = 15) or without (CON, n = 15) daily leucine supplementation (2...
May 17, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771990/parental-involvement-could-mitigate-the-effects-of-physical-activity-and-dietary-habits-on-mental-distress-in-ghanaian-youth
#3
Franklin N Glozah, Kwaku Oppong Asante, Nuworza Kugbey
INTRODUCTION: Parental involvement in physical activity and dietary habits have been found to play a substantial role in the mental health of young people. However, there is little evidence about the associations between parental involvement, health behaviours and mental health among Ghanaian youth. This study sought to examine the role of parental involvement in the association between physical activity, dietary habits and mental health among Ghanaian youth. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2012 Ghana Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769107/a-pedometer-based-walking-intervention-with-and-without-email-counseling-in-general-practice-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Tomas Vetrovsky, Jozef Cupka, Martin Dudek, Blanka Kuthanova, Klaudia Vetrovska, Vaclav Capek, Vaclav Bunc
BACKGROUND: General practitioners play a fundamental role in combatting the current epidemic of physical inactivity, and pedometer-based walking interventions are able to increase physical activity levels of their patients. Supplementing these interventions with email counseling driven by feedback from the pedometer has the potential to further improve their effectiveness but it has to be yet confirmed in clinical trials. Therefore, the aim of our pilot randomized controlled trial is to evaluate the feasibility and potential efficacy of future trials designed to assess the additional benefit of email counseling added to a pedometer-based intervention in a primary care setting...
May 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768614/factors-associated-with-negative-self-rated-health-in-menopausal-women
#5
Vitor Hipólito Silva, Josiane Santos Brant Rocha, Antonio Prates Caldeira
The scope of this study was to investigate the prevalence and factors associated with negative self-rated health in menopausal women registered with the Family Health Strategy in a Brazilian urban center. It is a cross-sectional study with a random sample of menopausal women. A validated instrument addressing sociodemographic and behavioral data related to self-rated health status was used. The association between the variables studied and negative self-rated health was assessed by bivariate analysis followed by Poisson regression with robust variance, in a hierarchical model...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768511/12-year-trends-in-cardiovascular-risk-factors-2002-2005-through-2011-2014-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study
#6
SeyedHossein Rabani, Mahsa Sardarinia, Samaneh Akbarpour, Fereidoun Azizi, Davood Khalili, Farzad Hadaegh
BACKGROUND: To examine the trend of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk factors among a Middle Eastern population with prevalent CVD during a median follow up of 12 years. METHODS: Patients with prevalent CVD (n = 282, men = 167), with a mean age of 60.76 years were evaluated in four study phases of the TLGS (Tehran lipid glucose study), 2002-2005, 2005-2008, 2008-2011, and 2011-2014. Trends of CVD risk factors were estimated using generalized estimation equation (GEE) models, by adjusting for gender, age and propensity scores...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762655/longitudinal-physical-activity-patterns-among-older-adults-a-latent-transition-analysis
#7
Stephen J Mooney, Spruha Joshi, Magdalena Cerdá, Gary J Kennedy, John R Beard, Andrew G Rundle
Most epidemiologic studies of physical activity measure either total energy expenditure or engagement in a single activity type, such as walking. These approaches may gloss over important nuances in activity patterns. We performed a latent transition analysis to identify patterns of activity types as well as neighborhood and individual determinants of changes in those activity patterns over two years in a cohort of 2,023 older adult residents of New York City, NY, surveyed between 2011 and 2013. We identified seven latent classes: 1) Mostly Inactive, 2) Walking, 3) Exercise, 4) Household Activities and Walking, 5) Household Activities and Exercise, 6) Gardening and Household Activities, and 7) Gardening, Household Activities, and Exercise...
May 14, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761654/low-load-resistance-exercise-during-inactivity-is-associated-with-greater-fibre-area-and-satellite-cell-expression-in-older-skeletal-muscle
#8
Daniel R Moore, Ryan P Kelly, Michaela C Devries, Tyler A Churchward-Venne, Stuart M Phillips, Gianni Parise, Adam P Johnston
BACKGROUND: Age-related sarcopenia is accelerated by physical inactivity. Low-load resistance exercise (LLRE) counters inactivity-induced muscle atrophy in older adults, but changes in muscle fibre morphology are unstudied. We aimed to determine the impact of LLRE during short-term inactivity (step-reduction) on muscle fibre size and capillarity as well as satellite cell (SC) content in older skeletal muscle. METHODS: Fourteen older (~71 years) male adults underwent 14 days of step reduction (<1500 steps/day) while performing six sessions of LLRE (~30% maximal strength) with one leg (SR + EX) while the contralateral leg served as an untrained control (SR)...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761636/physical-activity-and-parents-of-very-young-children-the-role-of-beliefs-and-social-cognitive-factors
#9
Eloise Cowie, Katherine White, Kyra Hamilton
OBJECTIVES: Despite the unequivocal benefits of regular physical activity, many parents engage in lower levels of physical activity (PA) following the birth of a child. Drawing on the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) and health action process approach (HAPA), an integrative model was developed to examine variables predicting PA in parents of very young children. In addition, key beliefs related to PA intentions and behaviour among parents of very young children were investigated. DESIGN: A prospective-correlational design with two waves of data collection, spaced one week apart, was adopted...
May 14, 2018: British Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761289/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-diabetes-mellitus-in-nigeria-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Andrew E Uloko, Baba M Musa, Mansur A Ramalan, Ibrahim D Gezawa, Fabian H Puepet, Ayekame T Uloko, Musa M Borodo, Kabiru B Sada
INTRODUCTION: There has been no nationwide health (diabetes) survey in Nigeria since 1992, when a diabetes mellitus (DM) prevalence of 2.2% was reported. We aimed to determine the prevalence of and risk factors for DM in Nigeria by performing a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched Medline, EMBASE, PubMed, PapersFirst, the Cochrane Library, Scopus, Bioline, African Journals Online, Institute of Scientific Information, and Google Scholar from the year 1990 to 2017...
May 14, 2018: Diabetes Therapy: Research, Treatment and Education of Diabetes and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760272/physical-activity-assessment-and-counseling-in-quebec-family-medicine-groups
#11
Aurélie Baillot, Jean-Patrice Baillargeon, Alex Paré, Thomas G Poder, Christine Brown, Marie-France Langlois
OBJECTIVE: To determine how often primary health care providers (PHCPs) in family medicine groups (FMGs) assess physical activity (PA) levels, provide PA counseling (PAC), and refer patients to exercise professionals; to describe patients' PA levels, physical fitness, and satisfaction regarding their PA management in FMGs; to describe available PA materials in FMGs and PHCPs' PAC self-efficacy and PA knowledge; and to identify characteristics of patients and PHCPs that determine the assessment of PA and PAC provided by PHCPs...
May 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760188/depression-in-type-1-diabetes-was-associated-with-high-levels-of-circulating-galectin-3
#12
Eva O Melin, Jonatan Dereke, Maria Thunander, Magnus Hillman
OBJECTIVE: Neuroinflammatory responses are implicated in depression. The aim was to explore whether depression in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) was associated with high circulating galectin-3, controlling for metabolic variables, s-creatinine, life style factors, medication, and cardiovascular complications. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Participants were T1D patients (n=283, 56% men, age 18-59 years, diabetes duration ≥1 year)...
May 14, 2018: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759957/a-mobile-health-intervention-to-reduce-pain-and-improve-health-morph-in-older-adults-with-obesity-protocol-for-the-morph-trial
#13
Jason Fanning, Amber K Brooks, Edward Ip, Barbara J Nicklas, W Jack Rejeski
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is a complex, age-related health issue that affects both physical functioning and quality of life. Because the impact of chronic pain is worsened by obesity and inactivity, nonpharmacological interventions that promote movement, reduce sitting, and aid in weight loss are needed to help manage pain symptoms among older adults with chronic pain. OBJECTIVE: The Mobile Intervention to Reduce Pain and Improve Health (MORPH) pilot trial aims to develop and test the feasibility and acceptability of a novel, patient-centered intervention to reduce chronic pain and improve physical functioning in older adults, leveraging the combination of telecoaching and individually adaptive mHealth tools to decrease both body mass and sedentary behavior...
May 14, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759825/beyond-move-more-feeling-the-rhythms-of-physical-activity-in-mid-and-later-life
#14
Cassandra Phoenix, Sarah L Bell
The last two decades have seen growing unease regarding the negative health consequences of increasing levels of physical inactivity, both in the UK and further afield. Public health initiatives and interventions aimed at increasing levels of physical activity have, therefore, become somewhat commonplace. Within the current context of demographic change, with growing numbers of older adults and evidence that inactivity increases with age, these initiatives hold particular relevance to mid and later-life adults...
May 4, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756975/-risk-factors-associated-with-type-2-diabetes-in-chile
#15
Ana María Leiva, María Adela Martínez, Fanny Petermann, Alex Garrido-Méndez, Felipe Poblete-Valderrama, Ximena Díaz-Martínez, Carlos Celis-Morales
BACKGROUND: worldwide, prevalence of type 2 diabetes has doubled in the last years, mainly due to unhealthy lifestyle behaviours. They are many risk factors associated with diabetes, however, which factors are associated with diabetes in the Chilean population remains unknown. Therefore, the aim was to determine what risk factors are associated with the development of diabetes in Chile. METHODS: four thousand and seven hundred participants from the cross-sectional 2009-2010 National Health Survey were included in this study (4,162 normal; 538 diabetics)...
March 1, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752803/a-pragmatic-application-of-the-re-aim-framework-for-evaluating-the-implementation-of-physical-activity-as-a-standard-of-care-in-health-systems
#16
Mark Stoutenberg, Karla I Galaviz, Felipe Lobelo, Elizabeth Joy, Gregory W Heath, Adrian Hutber, Paul Estabrooks
INTRODUCTION: Exercise is Medicine (EIM) is an initiative that seeks to integrate physical activity assessment, prescription, and patient referral as a standard in patient care. Methods to assess this integration have lagged behind its implementation. PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this work is to provide a pragmatic framework to guide health care systems in assessing the implementation and impact of EIM. EVALUATION METHODS: A working group of experts from health care, public health, and implementation science convened to develop an evaluation model based on the RE-AIM (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance) framework...
May 10, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751823/effectiveness-of-the-kenkojiseichi-local-revitalization-system-on-cognitive-function-change-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Songee Jung, Sungchul Lee, Seongryu Bae, Sangyoon Lee, Keitaro Makino, Yohei Shinkai, Hiroyuki Shimada
BACKGROUND: Physical activity is associated with a lower risk of cognitive decline in older adults. However, past studies have demonstrated that older adults tend to relapse into inactivity after completing interventions. This ongoing study employs a randomized controlled trial design to assess the efficacy and efficiency of the KENKOJISEICHI local revitalization system for promoting daily outdoor behaviors to improve cognitive function in community-dwelling older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI)...
May 11, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749139/physical-inactivity-and-unhealthy-metabolic-status-are-associated-with-decreased-natural-killer-cell-activity
#18
Yoon Suk Jung, Jung Ho Park, Dong Il Park, Chong Il Sohn, Jae Myun Lee, Tae Il Kim
PURPOSE: Several studies have reported relationships among physical activity, healthy metabolic status, and increased natural killer (NK) cell activity. However, large-scale data thereon are lacking. Thus, the present study aimed to assess NK cell activity according to physical activity and metabolic status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed on 12014 asymptomatic examinees. Using a patented stimulatory cytokine, NK cell activity was quantitated by the amount of interferon-γ secreted into the plasma by NK cells...
June 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748343/physical-activity-among-hiv-positive-patients-receiving-antiretroviral-therapy-in-hanoi-and-nam-dinh-vietnam-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Anh Kim Dang, Long Hoang Nguyen, Anh Quynh Nguyen, Bach Xuan Tran, Tung Thanh Tran, Carl A Latkin, Melvyn W B Zhang, Roger C M Ho
OBJECTIVES: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has facilitated the transition of HIV infection into a chronic disease, where adherence to medications is required along with keeping a healthy lifestyle. Therefore, an increase in physical activity has been recommended for patients with HIV in order to maintain their health status. This study looked to determine the physical activity level and its associated factors among patients with HIV receiving ART treatment. SETTINGS: Eight outpatient clinic sites across different levels of the health systems in both rural and urban settings in Hanoi and Nam Dinh, Vietnam...
May 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744652/association-of-activity-status-and-patterns-with-salivary-cortisol-the-population-based-colaus-study
#20
Cédric Gubelmann, Christine Kuehner, Peter Vollenweider, Pedro Marques-Vidal
PURPOSE: Physical activity (PA) has been shown to influence salivary cortisol concentrations in small studies conducted among athletes. We assessed the association of activity status and patterns with salivary cortisol in the general population. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including 1948 adults (54.9% women, 45-86 years). PA and sedentary behaviour (SB) were measured for 14 days by accelerometry. Low PA and high SB status were defined, respectively, as the lowest and highest tertile of each behaviour...
May 9, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
keyword
keyword
58464
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"