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physical inactivity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333789/physical-training-in-a-medical-fitness-room-for-patients-with-chronic-diseases-functional-and-metabolic-outcomes
#1
Oshrat E Tayer-Shifman, Yigal Bar-On, David Pereg, Alon Y Hershko
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity is a pivotal factor in the development and progression of various chronic diseases. However, most fitness facilities exclude unhealthy individuals. Therefore, an exercise program that admits such patients is imperative. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of a fitness facility that admits adult subjects with multiple chronic diseases. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective screening of patient records from the Medical Fitness Facility at Meir Medical Center, Israel...
January 2018: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331993/increased-leisure-time-physical-activity-associated-with-lower-onset-of-diabetes-in-44%C3%A2-828-adults-with-impaired-fasting-glucose-a-population-based-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Xiang Qian Lao, Han-Bing Deng, Xudong Liu, Ta-Chien Chan, Zilong Zhang, Ly-Yun Chang, Eng-Kiong Yeoh, Tony Tam, Martin Chi Sang Wong, G Neil Thomas
AIMS: To evaluate the effects of habitual leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) on incident type 2 diabetes in a prospective cohort of Chinese adults with impaired fasting glucose (IFG). METHODS: 44 828 Chinese adults aged 20-80 years with newly detected IFG but free from cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease were recruited and followed up from 1996 to 2014. Incident type 2 diabetes was identified by fasting plasma glucose ≥7 mmol/L. The participants were classified into four categories based on their self-reported weekly LTPA: inactive, low, moderate, or high...
January 13, 2018: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331872/effect-of-physical-activity-on-cognitive-flexibility-depression-and-rbd-in-healthy-elderly
#3
Stefanie Lerche, Alexandra Gutfreund, Kathrin Brockmann, Markus A Hobert, Isabel Wurster, Ulrike Sünkel, Gerhard W Eschweiler, Florian G Metzger, Walter Maetzler, Daniela Berg
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease increases with the raising number of elderly, which will be a challenging situation for the healthcare systems and society in the future. There is evidence that there are modifiable risk-factors e.g. physical activity for these diseases. Here, we study the interaction between sports inactivity with prodromal markers for neurodegeneration. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We investigated 667 neurologically healthy individuals cross-sectional and a subgroup longitudinal over six years...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330081/optimization-of-a-technology-supported-physical-activity-intervention-for-breast-cancer-survivors-fit2thrive-study-protocol
#4
Siobhan M Phillips, Linda M Collins, Frank J Penedo, Kerry S Courneya, Whitney Welch, Alison Cottrell, Gillian R Lloyd, Kara Gavin, David Cella, Ronald T Ackermann, Juned Siddique, Bonnie Spring
Fit2Thrive is a theory-guided physical activity promotion trial using the Multiphase Optimization Strategy (MOST) to test efficacy for improving physical activity of five technology-supported physical activity promotion intervention components among breast cancer survivors. This trial will recruit 256 inactive breast cancer survivors nationwide. All participants will receive the core intervention which includes a Fitbit and standard self-monitoring Fit2Thrive smartphone application which will be downloaded to their personal phone...
January 9, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327644/evaluation-of-supervised-multimodal-prehabilitation-programme-in-cancer-patients-undergoing-colorectal-resection-a-randomized-control-trial
#5
Guillaume Bousquet-Dion, Rashami Awasthi, Sarah-Ève Loiselle, Enrico M Minnella, Ramanakumar V Agnihotram, Andreas Bergdahl, Francesco Carli, Celena Scheede-Bergdahl
BACKGROUND: Prehabilitation has been previously shown to be more effective in enhancing postoperative functional capacity than rehabilitation alone. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a weekly supervised exercise session could provide further benefit to our current prehabilition program, when comparing to standard post-surgical rehabilitation. METHODS: A parallel-arm single-blind randomized control trial was conducted in patients scheduled for non-metastatic colorectal cancer resection...
January 12, 2018: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325683/physical-activity-in-daily-life-in-patients-with-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis
#6
Osamu Nishiyama, Ryo Yamazaki, Hiroyuki Sano, Takashi Iwanaga, Yuji Higashimoto, Hiroaki Kume, Yuji Tohda
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is characterized by progressive impairment of lung function and degradation of daily activity; however, this degradation has not been adequately elucidated. The objective of this study was to measure the physical activity of patients with IPF to determine its relationships with physiological parameters and survival rate. METHODS: In total, 31 patients with IPF and 20 age-matched healthy participants were enrolled in this study...
January 2018: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325004/association-between-physical-exercise-and-psychosocial-problems-in-96-617-dutch-adolescents-in-secondary-education-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
J Kuiper, J Broer, J C van der Wouden
Background: Psychosocial problems negatively affect school performance, social skills and mental development. In recent years, researchers have investigated the relationship between physical activity and psychological health. With this large school-based study, we examined whether physically inactive adolescents and slightly active adolescents experience more psychosocial problems compared with active adolescents. Methods: This study is based on the Dutch National Youth Health Monitor...
January 8, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323831/biking-for-health-results-of-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-examining-the-impact-of-a-bicycling-intervention-on-lower-income-adults
#8
Rebecca Bernstein, Robert Schneider, Whitney Welch, Anne Dressel, Melissa DeNomie, Jennifer Kusch, Mirtha Sosa
INTRODUCTION: This pilot study tested the efficacy of a bicycling intervention targeting inactive, low-income, overweight adults on reducing perceived barriers to bicycling, increasing physical activity, and improving health. METHODS: A nonblinded 2-site randomized controlled trial was conducted in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in summer 2015. Participants included members from 1 largely Latino community and a second primarily African American neighborhood. A certified bicycling instructor led a 12-week bicycling intervention...
August 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320919/does-school-physical-education-really-contribute-to-accelerometer-measured-daily-physical-activity-and-non-sedentary-behaviour-in-high-school-students
#9
Daniel Mayorga-Vega, Alejandro Martínez-Baena, Jesús Viciana
Physical education has been highlighted as an important environment for physical activity promotion, however, to our knowledge there are no previous studies examining the contribution of physical education to daily accelerometer-measured physical activity and non sedentary behaviour. The purpose was to compare the accelerometer-measured physical activity and sedentary behaviour between physical education, non-physical education and weekend days in adolescents. Of the 394 students from a Spanish high school that were invited to participate, 158 students (83 boys and 75 girls) aged 13-16 years were analyzed (wear time ≥ 600 min)...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319585/which-us-states-pose-the-greatest-threats-to-military-readiness-and-public-health-public-health-policy-implications-for-a-cross-sectional-investigation-of-cardiorespiratory-fitness-body-mass-index-and-injuries-among-us-army-recruits
#10
Daniel B Bornstein, George L Grieve, Morgan N Clennin, Alexander C McLain, Laurie P Whitsel, Michael W Beets, Keith G Hauret, Bruce H Jones, Mark A Sarzynski
OBJECTIVE: Many states in the southern region of the United States are recognized for higher rates of obesity, physical inactivity, and chronic disease. These states are therefore recognized for their disproportionate public health burden. The purpose of this study was to investigate state-level distributions of cardiorespiratory fitness, body mass index (BMI), and injuries among US Army recruits in order to determine whether or not certain states may also pose disproportionate threats to military readiness and national security...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315921/influence-of-physical-inactivity-on-arterial-compliance-during-a-glucose-challenge
#11
Daniel P Credeur, Leryn J Reynolds, Seth W Holwerda, Jennifer R Vranish, Benjamin E Young, Jing Wang, John P Thyfault, Paul J Fadel
Acute hyperglycemia has been shown to augment indices of arterial stiffness in patients with insulin resistance and other co-morbidities, however, conflicting results exist in healthy young individuals. We examined if acute hyperglycemia following an oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) increases arterial stiffness in healthy active men before, and then after reduced ambulatory physical activity to decrease insulin sensitivity. High-resolution arterial diameter tracings acquired from Doppler-ultrasound allowed the obtainment of an arterial blood pressure (BP) waveform from the diameter tracing within a cardiac cycle...
January 9, 2018: Experimental Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315507/lifestyle-factors-and-subsequent-ischemic-heart-disease-risk-after-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation
#12
Kasey J Leger, K Scott Baker, Kara L Cushing-Haugen, Mary E D Flowers, Wendy M Leisenring, Paul J Martin, Jason A Mendoza, Kerryn W Reding, Karen L Syrjala, Stephanie J Lee, Eric J Chow
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether modifiable cardiovascular risk conditions and lifestyle factors were temporally associated with an increased risk for ischemic heart disease and overall mortality in a cohort of hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) survivors. METHODS: HCT recipients who had survived for ≥1 year, were ≥20 years old, and had undergone transplantation between 1970 and 2010 at a transplant referral center were surveyed in 2010-2011 about cardiovascular health and lifestyle factors (n = 3833)...
January 9, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310742/utility-of-arterial-stiffness-assessment-in-children
#13
Chaitanya Panchangam, Eric Dean Merrill, Geetha Raghuveer
Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide, and the atherosclerotic process begins in childhood. Prevention or containment of risk factors that accelerate atherosclerosis can delay the development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Although current recommendations are to periodically screen for commonly prevailing risk factors for atherosclerosis in children, a single test that could quantify the cumulative effect of all risk factors on the vasculature, thus assessing arterial health, would be helpful in further stratifying risk...
January 9, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307108/effect-of-employment-status-on-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-long-term-post-bariatric-surgery
#14
Ryan E R Reid, Katerina Jirasek, Tamara E Carver, Tyler G R Reid, Kathleen M Andersen, Nicolas V Christou, Ross E Andersen
INTRODUCTION: Inactivity and weight regain are serious problems post-bariatric surgery. Nearly half of waking time is spent at work, representing an opportunity to accumulate physical activity and help avoid weight regain. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate potential differences in physical activity and sedentary time by employment status post-bariatric surgery. METHODS: A total of 48 adults (employed (n = 19), unemployed (n = 29)) aged 50...
January 6, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306902/leisure-time-vigorous-physical-activity-is-associated-with-better-lung-function-the-prospective-ecrhs-study
#15
Elaine Fuertes, Anne-Elie Carsin, Josep M Antó, Roberto Bono, Angelo Guido Corsico, Pascal Demoly, Thorarinn Gislason, José-Antonio Gullón, Christer Janson, Deborah Jarvis, Joachim Heinrich, Mathias Holm, Bénédicte Leynaert, Alessandro Marcon, Jesús Martinez-Moratalla, Dennis Nowak, Silvia Pascual Erquicia, Nicole M Probst-Hensch, Chantal Raherison, Wasif Raza, Francisco Gómez Real, Melissa Russell, José Luis Sánchez-Ramos, Joost Weyler, Judith Garcia Aymerich
OBJECTIVE: We assessed associations between physical activity and lung function, and its decline, in the prospective population-based European Community Respiratory Health Survey cohort. METHODS: FEV1 and FVC were measured in 3912 participants at 27-57 years and 39-67 years (mean time between examinations=11.1 years). Physical activity frequency and duration were assessed using questionnaires and used to identify active individuals (physical activity ≥2 times and ≥1 hour per week) at each examination...
January 6, 2018: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304763/attributable-causes-of-colorectal-cancer-in-china
#16
Meng-Jia Gu, Qiu-Chi Huang, Cheng-Zhen Bao, Ying-Jun Li, Xiao-Qin Li, Ding Ye, Zhen-Hua Ye, Kun Chen, Jian-Bing Wang
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is the 4th common cancer in China. Most colorectal cancers are due to modifiable lifestyle factors, but few studies have provided a systematic evidence-based assessment of the burden of colorectal cancer incidence and mortality attributable to the known risk factors in China. METHODS: We estimated the population attributable faction (PAF) for each selected risk factor in China, based on the prevalence of exposure around 2000 and relative risks from cohort studies and meta-analyses...
January 5, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300722/health-care-provider-counseling-for-physical-activity-or-exercise-among-adults-with-arthritis-united-states-2002-and-2014
#17
Jennifer M Hootman, Louise B Murphy, John D Omura, Teresa J Brady, Michael Boring, Kamil E Barbour, Charles G Helmick
Arthritis affects an estimated 54 million U.S. adults and, as a common comorbidity, can contribute arthritis-specific limitations or barriers to physical activity or exercise for persons with diabetes, heart disease, and obesity (1). The American College of Rheumatology's osteoarthritis management guidelines recommend exercise as a first-line, nonpharmacologic strategy to manage arthritis symptoms (2), and a Healthy People 2020 objective is to increase health care provider counseling for physical activity or exercise among adults with arthritis...
January 5, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300434/postprandial-metabolic-responses-differ-by-age-group-and-physical-activity-level
#18
S R Emerson, S P Kurti, E M Emerson, B J Cull, K Casey, M D Haub, S K Rosenkranz
OBJECTIVES: To compare the postprandial metabolic responses to a high-fat meal in healthy adults who differ by age and physical activity level. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, quasi-experimental design. SETTING: Physical Activity and Nutrition Clinical Research Consortium (PAN-CRC) at Kansas State University (Manhattan, KS, USA). PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two healthy adults: 8 younger active (YA) adults (4M/4W; 25 ± 5 yr), 8 older active (OA) adults (4M/4W; 67 ± 5 yr), and 6 older inactive (OI) adults (3M/3W; 68 ± 7 yr)...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300417/feasibility-acceptability-and-effects-of-a-home-based-exercise-program-using-a-gerontechnology-on-physical-capacities-after-a-minor-injury-in-community-living-older-adults-a-pilot-study
#19
M Lauzé, D D Martel, A Agnoux, M-J Sirois, M Émond, R Daoust, M Aubertin-Leheudre
CONTEXT: Several studies have demonstrated that physical activity can help limit decline in functional capacities of older adults. Nevertheless, many adults aged 65 and over are inactive. OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility, the acceptability and the effects of a home-based exercise program (HEP) using a motion capture gerontechnology in independent community-living older adults at risk of function decline. DESIGN: Interventionnal clinical trial...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297765/evaluation-of-a-multi-layered-health-promotion-approach-in-rural-china
#20
Xiangyang Tian, Liping Yan, Genming Zhao, Liang Wang, Yulan Cheng, Yong Lu, Jodi Southerland
BACKGROUND: To explore the effectiveness of a multi-layered health promotion approach in rural China. METHODS: A two-year intervention was applied to the 18 intervention rural villages while the 18 controls received standard health communication materials. Data were collected at baseline and post-intervention respectively to evaluate the effectiveness. RESULTS: All intervention villages had developed healthy policies addressing prioritized health issues such as livestock captivity, garbage disposal, etc...
January 1, 2018: Global Health Promotion
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