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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213241/elime-assay-vs-real-time-pcr-and-conventional-culture-method-for-an-effective-detection-of-salmonella-in-fresh-leafy-green-vegetables
#1
L Fabiani, E Pucci, E Delibato, G Volpe, S Piermarini, D De Medici, F Capuano, G Palleschi
The detection of Salmonella according to EC regulation is still primarily based on traditional microbiological culture methods that may take several days to be completed. The purpose of this work is to demonstrate the applicability of an Enzyme-Linked-Immuno-Magnetic-Electrochemical (ELIME) assay, recently developed by our research group for the detection of salmonella in irrigation water, in fresh (raw and ready-to-eat) leafy green vegetables by comparison with Real-Time PCR (RTi-PCR) and ISO culture methods...
May 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207666/are-they-complying-physicians-knowledge-attitudes-and-readiness-to-change-regarding-low-back-pain-treatment-guideline-adherence
#2
Sheera Epstein-Sher, Dena H Jaffe, Amnon Lahad
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey of 145 primary care practitioners (PCPs). OBJECTIVE: To examine low back pain (LBP) guideline knowledge, readiness to implement (RTI) these guidelines, and LBP attitudes and beliefs among Israeli PCPs and determine whether physician age, guideline familiarity, and medical specialty affect these variables. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: LBP is a common condition managed primarily by PCPs. Little is known, however, about physician's LBP knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs and how these factors (knowledge, A&B) influence their practice behavior...
February 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155741/-determinants-of-fatal-road-traffic-injuries-in-c-244-te-d-8217-ivoire-from-2002-to-160-2011
#3
Joseph Bénié Bi Vroh, Issaka Tiembre, Daniel Kouadio Ekra, Marie-Noëlle Ano Ama, Orlando Missiemoun Ka, Simplice Ncho Dagnan, Janine Tagliante-Saracino
Fatal RTI were related to human and environmental factors, hence the need for awareness campaigns to promote behaviour changes among road users.</ce:para>.
November 25, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141491/combination-antiretroviral-therapy-cart-and-cell-cell-spread-of-wild-type-and-drug-resistant-hiv-1
#4
Boghuma Kabisen Titanji, Deenan Pillay, Clare Jolly
HIV-1 disseminates between T cells either by cell-free infection or by highly-efficient direct cell-cell spread. The high local multiplicity that characterizes cell-cell infection causes variability in the effectiveness of antiretroviral drugs applied as single agents. Whereas Protease Inhibitors (PIs) are effective inhibitors of HIV-1 cell-cell and cell-free infection, some Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (RTIs) show reduced potency; however antiretrovirals are not administered as single agents and are clinically used as combination antiretroviral therapy (cART)...
January 28, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125369/payer-perspectives-on-patient-reported-outcomes-in-health-care-decision-making-oncology-examples
#5
Andrew P Brogan, Carla DeMuro, Amy M Barrett, Denise D'Alessio, Vasudha Bal, Susan L Hogue
BACKGROUND: Health authorities and payers increasingly recognize the importance of patient perspectives and patient-reported outcomes (PROs) in health care decision making. However, given the broad variety of PRO endpoints included in clinical programs and variations in the timing of PRO data collection and country-specific needs, the role of PRO data in reimbursement decisions requires characterization. OBJECTIVES: To (a) determine the effect of PRO data on market access and reimbursement decisions for oncology products in multiple markets and (b) assess the effect of PRO data collected after clinical progression on payer decision making...
February 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122841/antibiotic-management-of-children-with-infectious-diseases-in-dutch-primary-care
#6
Anne R J Dekker, Theo J M Verheij, Alike W van der Velden
BACKGROUND: Childhood infections are common in general practice. Although clinical guidelines recommend restrictive antibiotic use for children, antibiotics are too often prescribed. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to obtain insight in antibiotic prescribing for children related to clinical diagnoses. This is pivotal to define improvement strategies in the antibiotic management. METHODS: In this observational study, we used consultation data collected from 45 general practices in the Netherlands in 2012...
January 24, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119118/htlv-1-tax-impairs-k63-linked-ubiquitination-of-sting-to-evade-host-innate-immunity
#7
Jie Wang, Shuai Yang, Lu Liu, Hui Wang, Bo Yang
The cellular antiviral innate immune system is essential for host defense and viruses have evolved a variety of strategies to evade the innate immunity. Human T lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) belongs to the deltaretrovirus family and it can establish persistent infection in human beings for many years. However, how this virus evades the host innate immune responses remains unclear. Here we report a new strategy used by HTLV-1 to block innate immune responses. We observed that stimulator of interferon genes (STING) limited HTLV-1 protein expression and was critical to HTLV-1 reverse transcription intermediate (RTI) ssDNA90 triggered interferon (IFN)-β production in phorbol12-myristate13-acetate (PMA)-differentiated THP1 (PMA-THP1) cells...
January 22, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118774/a-cost-analysis-of-road-traffic-injuries-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-south-west-nigeria
#8
Uduak Urua, Kayode Osungbade, Taiwo Obembe, Folashayo Adeniji
This study examines the burden of road traffic injuries (RTIs) among road crash victims in a tertiary hospital in Ibadan, Nigeria. The study adopted a purposive sampling method to obtain primary data. Interview was done with 266 RTI victims who were admitted to the University College Hospital, Ibadan and discharged between March and May, 2015, using a structured questionnaire. From the data obtained, the study carried out descriptive statistical analyses. The results showed that the average cost per patient for RTI treatment was ₦ 42,946 ($215...
January 24, 2017: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109653/an-examination-of-outlaw-motorcycle-gangs-and-their-involvement-in-the-illicit-drug-market-and-the-effectiveness-of-anti-association-legislative-responses
#9
Terry Goldsworthy, Laura McGillivray
BACKGROUND: In 2013 the Queensland Government introduced criminal association and mandatory sentencing laws for members of outlaw motorcycle gangs (OMCGs). Forms of "criminal association" or "anti-bikie" laws have been introduced in several Australian jurisdictions, and recent High Court decisions upholding their constitutionality will ensure that they remain part of our justice landscape. Generally, the aims of these laws are to declare a specific organisation as "criminal" and impose various legal orders and offences that thwart the consorting of members and address organised crime, such as unexplained wealth regimes...
January 18, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108810/independent-risk-factors-for-recurrence-of-apparent-life-threatening-events-in-infants
#10
Riyo Ueda, Osamu Nomura, Takanobu Maekawa, Hirokazu Sakai, Satoshi Nakagawa, Akira Ishiguro
: The risk factors for recurrent apparent life-threatening event (ALTE) are unclear although the risk of recurrent ALTE is an important consideration for the management of ALTE patients. This study aimed to identify the risk factors for recurrent ALTE. We conducted a secondary analysis of the data from a single center retrospective cohort study in Japan conducted from March 2002 to January 2012, which included children diagnosed with ALTE at a pediatric emergency department (ED) in Tokyo...
January 20, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077243/effective-use-of-oral-ribavirin-for-respiratory-syncytial-viral-infections-in-allogeneic-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-recipients
#11
C M Gorcea, E Tholouli, A Turner, M Saif, E Davies, E Battersby, F L Dignan
BACKGROUND: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a frequent cause of respiratory viral infections, increasing the morbidity and mortality in allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) recipients. Little is known about the best management strategy in this immunocompromised group and there are very few data on oral ribavirin treatment. AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of oral ribavirin in allogeneic HSCT patients with RSV infection. METHODS: Twenty-three RSV cases treated with oral ribavirin were analysed retrospectively...
February 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068912/intensified-hand-hygiene-campaign-including-soap-and-water-wash-may-prevent-acute-infections-in-office-workers-as-shown-by-a-recognized-exposure-adjusted-analysis-of-a-randomized-trial
#12
Tapani Hovi, Jukka Ollgren, Carita Savolainen-Kopra
BACKGROUND: Variable exposure to causative agents of acute respiratory (RTI) or gastrointestinal tract infections (GTI) is a significant confounding factor in the analysis of the efficacy of interventions concerning these infections. We had an exceptional opportunity to reanalyze a previously published dataset from a trial assessing the effect of enhanced hand hygiene on the occurrence of RTI or GTI in adults, after adjustment for reported exposure and other covariates. METHODS: Twenty-one working units (designated clusters) each including at least 50 office employees, totaling 1,270 persons, were randomized into two intervention arms (either using water-and-soap or alcohol-rub in hand cleansing), or in the control arm...
January 9, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061754/factors-affecting-the-exposure-vulnerability-and-emergency-medical-service-capacity-for-victims-of-road-traffic-incidents-in-kampala-metropolitan-area-a-delphi-study
#13
Joseph Kimuli Balikuddembe, Ali Ardalan, Davoud Khorasani Zavareh, Amir Nejati, Stephen Kasiima
BACKGROUND: The Kampala Metropolitan Area (KMA) is the fastest developing region in Uganda. Over recent years, this has placed exponential demand on the road sector, which consequently has contributed to rapid growth in motorized vehicles which, predisposes the region to a high risk of road traffic incidents (RTIs). A number of concerted road safety and post-crash management measures to respond to RTIs in the KMA in particular and Uganda as a whole have been undertaken. However, there is a need to greatly improve the measures by better identifying the factors influencing the exposure, vulnerability and emergency medical service (EMS) capacity for RTI victims...
January 7, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049239/from-visiting-a-physician-to-expecting-antibiotics-korean-perspectives-and-practices-toward-respiratory-tract-infections
#14
Leila Freidoony, Chun Bae Kim, Hamid Haghani, Myung Bae Park, Sei Jin Chang, Sang Ha Kim, Sang Baek Koh
Antibiotic resistance is steadily rising worldwide. Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are common indications, mostly imprudent, for antibiotic prescriptions in outpatient setting. In Korea, antibiotic prescription rate for RTIs is still high. As physician visit and antibiotic prescribing are influenced by patient's perceptions and beliefs, we aimed to explore the general public's perspectives and practices toward RTIs and to develop the 'RTI clinical iceberg.' A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Wonju Severance Christian Hospital (WSCH) among 550 adults attending outpatient departments during January 2016...
February 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048608/tu-e-tour-i-00-exhibit-hall-guided-tours-dosimters-for-qc-in-diagnostic-imaging-tuesday
#15
(no author information available yet)
: Tour Leader: Xia Jiang, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH Tour Guides: Xia Jiang, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH Kevin Little, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL Christina Sammet, Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL Participating Vendors: IBA PTW - New York Radcal Corporation RTI Electronics, Inc. Exhibit Hall Guided Tours is a new program launching this year at the Annual Meeting. The Guided Tours are designed to enhance the interaction between meeting attendees and exhibitors...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048432/we-c-tour-i-01-dosimters-for-qc-in-diagnostic-imaging
#16
X Jiang
: Tour Leader: Xia Jiang, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH Tour Guides: Xia Jiang, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH Kevin Little, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL Adrien Sanchez, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL Participating Vendors: IBA PTW - New York Radcal Corporation RTI Electronics, Inc. Exhibit Hall Guided Tours is a new program launching this year at the Annual Meeting. The Guided Tours are designed to enhance the interaction between meeting attendees and exhibitors...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048073/su-f-j-16-planar-kv-imaging-dose-reduction-study
#17
E Gershkevitsh, D Zolotuhhin
PURPOSE: IGRT has become an indispensable tool in modern radiotherapy with kV imaging used in many departments due to superior image quality and lower dose when compared to MV imaging. Many departments use manufacturer supplied protocols for imaging which are not always optimised between image quality and radiation dose (ALARA). METHODS: Whole body phantom PBU-50 (Kyoto Kagaku ltd., Japan) for imaging in radiology has been imaged on Varian iX accelerator (Varian Medical Systems, USA) with OBI 1...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047940/tu-e-tour-i-01-dosimters-for-qc-in-diagnostic-imaging
#18
X Jiang
: Tour Leader: Xia Jiang, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH Tour Guides: Xia Jiang, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH Kevin Little, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL Christina Sammet, Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago, Chicago, IL Participating Vendors: IBA PTW - New York Radcal Corporation RTI Electronics, Inc. Exhibit Hall Guided Tours is a new program launching this year at the Annual Meeting. The Guided Tours are designed to enhance the interaction between meeting attendees and exhibitors...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047782/we-c-tour-t-00-exhibit-hall-guided-tours-microdosimeters-for-therapy-wednesday-we-c-tour-t-01
#19
(no author information available yet)
Tour Leader: Indra Das, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, NY Tour Guides: Hsui Ai, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN Paulina Galvis, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, NY Olga Volotoskova, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, NY Participating Vendors: IBA PTW - New York RTI Electronics, Inc. Standard Imaging, Inc. Sun Nuclear Corporation Small fields are increasing used in specialized radiation treatments such as Gammaknife, Cyberknife, Tomotherapy, IMRT, VMAT, SRS and SBRT. Due to small field size electron transport creates lateral electronic disequilibrium and thus dosimetry could be very difficult...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047271/tu-e-tour-t-00-exhibit-hall-guided-tours-microdosimeters-for-therapy-tuesday
#20
(no author information available yet)
Tour Leader: Indra Das, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, NY Tour Guides: Hsui Ai, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN Aaron Andersen, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN Olga Volotoskova, NYU Langone Medical Center, New York, NY Participating Vendors: IBA PTW - New York RTI Electronics, Inc. Standard Imaging, Inc. Sun Nuclear Corporation Small fields are increasing used in specialized radiation treatments such as Gammaknife, Cyberknife, Tomotherapy, IMRT, VMAT, SRS and SBRT...
June 2016: Medical Physics
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