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Stephen R Welch, Lisa Wiggleton Guerrero, Ayan K Chakrabarti, Laura K McMullan, Mike Flint, Gregory R Bluemling, George R Painter, Stuart T Nichol, Christina F Spiropoulou, César G Albariño
Lassa virus (LASV) and Ebola virus (EBOV) infections are important global health issues resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. While several promising drug and vaccine trials for EBOV are ongoing, options for LASV infection are currently limited to ribavirin treatment. A major factor impeding the development of antiviral compounds to treat these infections is the need to manipulate the virus under BSL-4 containment, limiting research to a few institutes worldwide. Here we describe the development of a novel LASV minigenome assay based on the ambisense LASV S segment genome, with authentic terminal untranslated regions flanking a ZsGreen (ZsG) fluorescent reporter protein and a Gaussia princeps luciferase (gLuc) reporter gene...
October 19, 2016: Antiviral Research
Douglas A Hicks, Carly E Galimanis, Patricia G Webb, Monique A Spillman, Kian Behbakht, Margaret C Neville, Heidi K Baumgartner
BACKGROUND: Claudin-4 is a transmembrane protein expressed at high levels in the majority of epithelial ovarian tumors, irrespective of subtype, and has been associated with tumor cells that are both chemoresistant and highly mobile. The objective of this study was to determine the functional role that claudin-4 plays in apoptosis resistance and migration as well as the therapeutic utility of targeting claudin-4 activity with a small mimic peptide. METHODS: We examined claudin-4 activity in human ovarian tumor cell lines (SKOV3, OVCAR3, PEO4) using in vitro caspase and scratch assays as well as an in vivo mouse model of ovarian cancer...
October 11, 2016: BMC Cancer
Yunceng Weng, Ling Zhang, Jianfeng Huang, Jin Zhao, Peifang Luo, Siyuan Bi, Zhengrong Yang, Hai Zhu, Jean-Pierre Allain, Chengyao Li
It is essential to monitor the occurrence of drug-resistant strains and to provide guidance for clinically adapted antiviral treatment of HIV/AIDS. In this study, an individual patient's HIV-1 pol gene encoding the full length of protease and part of the reverse transcriptase was packaged into a modified lentivirus carrying dual-reporters ZsGreen and luciferase. The optimal coefficient of correlation between drug concentration and luciferase activity was optimized. A clear-cut dose-dependent relationship between lentivirus production and luciferase activity was found in the phenotypic testing system...
2016: Scientific Reports
Robert W Arpke, Michael Kyba
In response to muscle damage, satellite cells proliferate and undertake both differentiation and self-renewal, generating new functional muscle tissue and repopulating this new muscle with stem cells for future injury responses. For many questions relating to the physiological regulation of satellite cells, quantitative readouts of self-renewal and differentiation can be very useful. There is a particular need for a quantitative assay for satellite cell self-renewal that does not rely solely upon sectioning, staining and counting cells in sections...
2016: Methods in Molecular Biology
Man Wang, Dongxue Li, Di Yun, Yinghan Zhuang, Vez Repunte-Canonigo, Pietro Paolo Sanna, Thomas Behnisch
While the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene and its multiple transcripts have been recognized as a key factor for learning, but the specific involvement of BDNF translated from BDNF transcripts with short-3' untranslated region (short 3' UTR) in learning and memory requires further analysis. In this paper, we present data to show that the transduction of hippocampal CA1 neurons with AAV9-5' UTR-BDNF (short 3' UTR)-IRES-ZsGreen and the subsequent expression of BDNF enhanced the phosphorylation of synaptic plasticity relevant proteins and improved passive avoidance and object location, but not object recognition memory...
July 6, 2016: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
Takaki Furuyama, Shinji Tanaka, Shu Shimada, Yoshimitsu Akiyama, Satoshi Matsumura, Yusuke Mitsunori, Arihiro Aihara, Daisuke Ban, Takanori Ochiai, Atsushi Kudo, Hiroshi Fukamachi, Shigeki Arii, Yoshiya Kawaguchi, Minoru Tanabe
Proteasome activity is significantly increased in advanced cancers, but its role in cancer initiation is not clear, due to difficulties in monitoring this process in vivo. We established a line of transgenic mice that carried the ZsGreen-degron(ODC) (Gdeg) proteasome reporter to monitor the proteasome activity. In combination with Pdx-1-Cre;LSL-Kras(G12D) model, proteasome activity was investigated in the initiation of precancerous pancreatic lesions (PanINs). Normal pancreatic acini in Gdeg mice had low proteasome activity...
2016: Scientific Reports
Jing Zhou, Chencheng Wang, Kunshan Zhang, Yingying Wang, Xi Gong, Yanlu Wang, Siguang Li, Yuping Luo
Lineage specific human embryonic stem cell (hESC) reporter cell line is a versatile tool for biological studies on real time monitoring of differentiation, physiological and biochemical features of special cell types and pathological mechanism of disease. Here we report the generation of ChAT-zsGreen reporter hESC line that express zsGreen under the control of the choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) promoter using CRISPR (Clustered Regularly Interspersed Short Palindromic Repeats)/Cas9 system. We show that the ChAT-zsGreen hESC reporter cell lines retain the features of undifferentiated hESC...
August 2016: Neurochemical Research
Natalya V Kaverina, Diana G Eng, Remington R S Schneider, Jeffrey W Pippin, Stuart J Shankland
The current studies used genetic fate mapping to prove that adult podocytes can be partially replenished following depletion. Inducible NPHS2-rtTA/tetO-Cre/RS-ZsGreen-R reporter mice were generated to permanently label podocytes with the ZsGreen reporter. Experimental focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) was induced with a cytotoxic podocyte antibody. On FSGS day 7, immunostaining for the podocyte markers p57, synaptopodin, and podocin were markedly decreased by 44%, and this was accompanied by a decrease in ZsGreen fluorescence...
June 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Kenji Saito, Yanlin He, Xiaofeng Yan, Yongjie Yang, Chunmei Wang, Pingwen Xu, Antentor Othrell Hinton, Gang Shu, Likai Yu, Qingchun Tong, Yong Xu
BACKGROUND: A variety of biological functions of estrogens, including regulation of energy metabolism, are mediated by neurons expressing estrogen receptor-α (ERα) in the brain. However, complex intracellular processes in these ERα-expressing neurons are difficult to unravel, due to the lack of strategy to visualize ERα-expressing neurons, especially in unfixed brain tissues. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Here we generated a novel ERα-ZsGreen reporter mouse line in which expression of a green fluorescent reporter protein, ZsGreen, is driven by a 241kb ERα gene promoter...
April 2016: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
Yan-juan WANG, Jian-ping CAO, Ya-wen SUN, Yu-xin XU, Yu-juan SHEN
OBJECTIVE: To construct a cocktail DNA vaccine that expresses multiple genes of Toxoplasma gondii and investigate its immunogenicity in mice. METHODS: Genes for surface antigens (SAG), microneme(MIC), and rhoptry protein(ROP) were amplified from genomic DNA of T. gondii and then cloned separately into eukaryotic fluorescent protein expression vectors pShuttle-CMV-MCS-EFlα-AmCyan, pLVX-IRES-Zsgreen and pLVX-IRES-rfp, to construct expression plasmids pShuttle-SAG1, pLVX-Zsgreen-MIC3 and pLVX-rfp-ROP2...
October 2015: chinese Journal of Parasitology & Parasitic Diseases
Hitomi Sudo, Atsushi B Tsuji, Aya Sugyo, Hiroyuki Takuwa, Kazuto Masamoto, Yutaka Tomita, Norihiro Suzuki, Takeshi Imamura, Mitsuru Koizumi, Tsuneo Saga
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women. Although advances in diagnostic imaging for early detection, surgical techniques and chemotherapy have improved overall survival, the prognosis of patients with metastatic breast cancer remains poor. Understanding cancer cell dynamics in the metastatic process is important to develop new therapeutic strategies. Experimental animal models and imaging would be powerful tools for understanding of the molecular events of multistep process of metastasis. In the present study, to develop a new cancer cell line that is applicable to bioluminescence and fluorescence imaging, we transfected the expression vector of a green fluorescent protein ZsGreen1 into a metastatic cell line 5a-D-Luc, which is a subclone of the MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cell line expressing luciferase, and established a new tumor cell line 5a-D-Luc-ZsGreen expressing both luciferase and ZsGreen1...
February 2016: International Journal of Oncology
Lin Xiao, James V McCann, Andrew C Dudley
Freshly isolated tumor-specific endothelial cells (TEC) can be used to explore molecular mechanisms of tumor angiogenesis and serve as an in vitro model for developing new angiogenesis inhibitors for cancer. However, long-term in vitro expansion of murine endothelial cells (EC) is challenging due to phenotypic drift in culture (endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition) and contamination with non-EC. This is especially true for TEC which are readily outcompeted by co-purified fibroblasts or tumor cells in culture...
October 14, 2015: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Yiru Wang, Binwei Yao, Yan Zhang, Mingbo Zhang, Hanjing Gao, Jie Tang
OBJECTIVE: To construct a recombinant lentiviral vector that co-express green fluorescent protein (GFP) and FoxM1 shRNA and establish a prostate cancer cell line with stable FoxM1 down-regulation. METHODS: Three interfering sequences targeting FoxM1 were designed and inserted into the lentiviral vector pHBLV-U6-ZsGreen-Puro. After identification by DNA sequencing, the lentiviral vectors carrying Foxm1 shRNA were packaged in 293 cells. The lentiviral particles were collected to infect human prostate cancer DU-145 cells, and the transfection efficiency was observed under fluorescence microscope; the interference efficiency was assessed using real-time PCR...
August 2015: Nan Fang Yi Ke da Xue Xue Bao, Journal of Southern Medical University
Jingzu Sun, Sook-Young Park, Seogchan Kang, Xingzhong Liu, Junzhi Qiu, Meichun Xiang
Hirsutella rhossiliensis and H. minnesotensis are endoparasitic fungi of the second-stage juvenile (J2) of the soybean cyst nematode (Heterodera glycines) in nature. They also parasitize both H. glycines J2 and Caenorhabditis elegans on agar plates. Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation conditions were established for these Hirsutella spp. The resulting transformants were similar to the corresponding wild-type strains. The infection processes of H. glycines J2 and C. elegans second larval stage (L2) by H...
2015: Scientific Reports
Na Huang, Yan-qi He, Jing Zhu, Wei-min Li
OBJECTIVE: To construct the recombinant lentivirus expressing vector BAD (Bcl-2-associated death protein) gene and to study its effect on A549 cell proliferation. METHODS: The BAD gene was amplified from plasmid pAV-MCMV-BAD-GFP by PCR. The purified BAD gene fragment was inserted into a lentivirus vector (pLVX-IRES-ZsGreen 1), and the insertion was identified by PCR, restriction endonuclease analysis and DNA sequencing. A549 cells were then transfected with the packaged recombinant lentivirus, and resistant cell clones were selected with flow cytometry...
May 2015: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
Mohamed M'baye, Guohua Hua, Hamid Ali Khan, Liguo Yang
Inhibins are members of the TGFβ superfamily and act as suppressors of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) secretion from pituitary glands via a negative feedback mechanism to regulate folliculogenesis. In this study, the INHBB gene was knocked down by three RNAi-Ready pSIREN-RetroQ-ZsGreen vector- mediated recombinant plasmids to explore the effects of INHBB silencing on granulosa cell (GC) cell cycle, apoptosis and steroid production in vitro. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, Western blot, flow cytometry and ELISA were performed to evaluate the role of INHBB in the mouse GC cell cycle, apoptosis and steroid production in vitro...
2015: Journal of Reproduction and Development
Yasuyuki Nakamura, Jun Ishii, Akihiko Kondo
The monoamine neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT) regulates a wide spectrum of human physiology through the 5-HT receptor family. One such receptor, the 5-HT1A receptor (HTR1A), is the most widely studied subtype and represents a significant molecular target in medicinal and therapeutic fields. Yeast-based fluorescent reporter systems have proven to be especially useful for GPCR assays, since detection using a fluorescent reporter considerably simplifies measurement procedures. However, previously reported systems using enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) as the reporter in yeast still showed low signal-to-noise (S/N) ratios, making EGFP difficult to apply as an easily accessible tool...
September 2015: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
Jan T Panteli, Brittany A Forkus, Nele Van Dessel, Neil S Forbes
Current tomographic methods of cancer detection have limited sensitivity and are unable to detect malignant masses smaller than half a centimeter in diameter. Mortality from tumor recurrence and metastatic disease would be reduced if small lesions could be detected earlier. To overcome this limitation, we created a detection system that combines the specificity of tumor-targeting bacteria with the sensitivity of a synthetic biomarker. Bacteria, specifically Salmonella, preferentially accumulate in tumors and microscopic metastases as small as five cell layers thick...
April 2015: Integrative Biology: Quantitative Biosciences From Nano to Macro
Zhenlu Chong, Ping Dong, Hasan Riaz, Lei Shi, Xue Yu, Ying Cheng, Liguo Yang
Follistatin (FST), a local regulator of gonadal functions is a powerful inhibitor of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) secretion. In the present study, the expression of FST was partially silenced at both transcriptional and translational levels by RNAi-Ready pSIREN-RetroQ-ZsGreen Vector mediated recombinant pshRNA vectors in bovine granulosa cells (bGCs). The results showed that transfection with FST-1 and FST-2 vectors significantly down-regulated mRNA and protein expressions of follistatin by 51% (P = 0...
April 2015: Animal Reproduction Science
Karen A Westerman
Previously, in an attempt to isolate stem cells that would be capable of regenerating injured skeletal muscle, we cultured cells derived from muscle, non-adherently, in serum-free media. As a result of the culture conditions used, these cells formed spheres, and thus were referred to as myospheres. It was found that myosphere-derived cells expressed Sca-1, a marker that is not typically associated with myogenic cells, and as a result has generated some questions as to the origin of these cells. The goal of this study was to clearly determine the origin of myosphere-derived cells, and in particular to answer the question of whether myospheres contain myogenic cells...
2015: PloS One
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