keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

DVI

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894961/digital-soil-mapping-using-remote-sensing-indices-terrain-attributes-and-vegetation-features-in-the-rangelands-of-northeastern-iran
#1
Ebrahim Mahmoudabadi, Alireza Karimi, Gholam Hosain Haghnia, Adel Sepehr
Digital soil mapping has been introduced as a viable alternative to the traditional mapping methods due to being fast and cost-effective. The objective of the present study was to investigate the capability of the vegetation features and spectral indices as auxiliary variables in digital soil mapping models to predict soil properties. A region with an area of 1225 ha located in Bajgiran rangelands, Khorasan Razavi province, northeastern Iran, was chosen. A total of 137 sampling sites, each containing 3-5 plots with 10-m interval distance along a transect established based on randomized-systematic method, were investigated...
September 11, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892844/are-optical-indices-good-proxies-of-seasonal-changes-in-carbon-fluxes-and-stress-related-physiological-status-in-a-beech-forest
#2
E Nestola, A Scartazza, D Di Baccio, A Castagna, A Ranieri, M Cammarano, F Mazzenga, G Matteucci, C Calfapietra
This study investigates the functionality of a Mediterranean-mountain beech forest in Central Italy using simultaneous determinations of optical measurements, carbon (C) fluxes, leaf eco-physiological and biochemical traits during two growing seasons (2014-2015). Meteorological variables showed significant differences between the two growing seasons, highlighting a heat stress coupled with a reduced water availability in mid-summer 2015. As a result, a different C sink capacity of the forest was observed between the two years of study, due to the differences in stressful conditions and the related plant physiological status...
January 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858673/evaluating-the-statistical-power-of-dna-based-identification-exemplified-by-the-missing-grandchildren-of-argentina
#3
Daniel Kling, Thore Egeland, Mariana Herrera Piñero, Magnus Dehli Vigeland
Methods and implementations of DNA-based identification are well established in several forensic contexts. However, assessing the statistical power of these methods has been largely overlooked, except in the simplest cases. In this paper we outline general methods for such power evaluation, and apply them to a large set of family reunification cases, where the objective is to decide whether a person of interest (POI) is identical to the missing person (MP) in a family, based on the DNA profile of the POI and available family members...
August 12, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846914/two-halves-make-a-whole-both-first-responders-and-experts-are-needed-for-the-management-and-identification-of-the-dead-in-large-disasters
#4
S Cordner, S T D Ellingham
Catastrophic natural disasters are a regular global issue claiming thousands of lives and having severe and long lasting consequences for communities. Along with the rescue and care of survivors and the provision of basic services, managing the dead in a proper and dignified manner is one of the three pillars of disaster response. Since the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami, progress to facilitate better coordination in the management of the dead has been made. Two guidelines contributing to this positive trend are the Interpol DVI Guide, and the "Management of the Dead after Disasters - A Field Manual for First Responders"...
October 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833187/rhd-genotype-and-zygosity-analysis-in-the-chinese-southern-han-d-d-and-d-variant-donors-using-the-multiplex-ligation-dependent-probe-amplification-assay
#5
Y L Ji, H Luo, J Z Wen, L Haer-Wigman, B Veldhuisen, L Wei, Z Wang, P Ligthart, M Lodén-van Straaten, Y S Fu, C E van der Schoot, G P Luo
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Several comprehensive genotyping platforms for determining red blood cell (RBC) antigens have been established and validated for use in the Caucasian and Black populations, but not for the Chinese. The multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) assay was validated for RHD genotyping in the Chinese. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The blood samples of 200 D+, 200 D- and 62 D variant Chinese donors were collected. RhD antigen was routinely typed by serological method...
August 18, 2017: Vox Sanguinis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806635/oryong-501-sinking-incident-in-the-bering-sea-international-dvi-cooperation-in-the-asia-pacific
#6
Nak-Eun Chung, Anton Castilani, Wilfredo E Tierra, Philip Beh, Mohd Shah Mahmood
On December 1st, 2014, the sinking of Oryong 501 occurred in the Bering Sea off the east coast of Russia. A total of 60 crew members, including 35 Indonesians, 13 Filipinos, 11 South Koreans and 1 Russian inspector were on board out of which only seven survived. Through an international rescue operation, the dead bodies of 27 were found and the remaining 26 crew are still missing. After transferring the dead bodies to the Busan Harbor in South Korea, the operation to identify the deceased began involving DVI teams from three countries: Korea, Indonesia and the Philippines...
September 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755626/the-use-of-forensic-dna-analysis-in-humanitarian-forensic-action-the-development-of-a-set-of-international-standards
#7
William H Goodwin
DNA analysis was first applied to the identification of victims of armed conflicts and other situations of violence (ACOSV) in the mid-1990s, starting in South America and the Balkans. Argentina was the first country to establish a genetic database specifically developed to identify disappeared children. Following on from these programs the early 2000s marked major programs, using a largely DNA-led approach, identifying missing persons in the Balkans and following the attack on the World Trade Center in New York...
September 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737602/treatment-of-congenital-thrombotic-thrombocytopenia-purpura-a-new-paradigm
#8
Louis M Aledort, Tammuella C Singleton, Paula J Ulsh
Congenital thrombotic thrombocytopenia purpura (cTTP) is a very rare disorder worldwide. Standard treatment of recognized cases has been to administer fresh frozen plasma as the source of ADAMTS13, to replenish the absent ADAMTS13 enzyme. An alternative source, a plasma-derived factor VIII concentrate used for hemophilia A, and found to contain this enzyme, was reported to be effective in 1 patient in the United States. We now report details on a US cohort of 8 cTTP patients who have been successfully treated for varying periods with a marketed antihemophilic factor concentrate Koate-DVI...
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729396/acute-volume-loading-exacerbates-direct-ventricular-interaction-in-a-model-of-copd
#9
William Spencer Cheyne, Alexandra Mackenzie Williams, Megan I Harper, Neil Derek Eves
Volume loading increases left ventricular (LV) stroke volume (LVSV) through series interaction but may paradoxically reduce LVSV in the presence of large increases in right ventricular (RV) afterload due to direct ventricular interaction (DVI). RV afterload is often increased in COPD as a result of pathological changes to respiratory mechanics, namely increased negative intrathoracic pressure (nITP), dynamic lung hyperinflation (DH) and increased pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). These hallmarks of COPD negatively impact LV hemodynamics in normovolemia...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698062/the-clandestine-multiple-graves-in-malaysia-the-first-mass-identification-operation-of-human-skeletal-remains
#10
Mohd Suhani Mohd Noor, Lay See Khoo, Wan Zafirah Zamaliana Alias, Ahmad Hafizam Hasmi, Mohamad Azaini Ibrahim, Mohd Shah Mahmood
The first ever mass identification operation of skeletal remains conducted for the clandestine graves in Malaysia consisted of 165 individuals unearthed from 28 human trafficking transit camps located in Wang Kelian, along the Thai-Malaysia border. A DVI response was triggered in which expert teams comprising of pathologists, anthropologists, odontologists, radiologists and DNA experts were gathered at the identified operation centre. The Department of Forensic Medicine, Hospital Sultanah Bahiyah, Alor Star, Kedah, located approximately 75km away from Wang Kelian, was temporarily converted into a victim identification centre (VIC) as it is the nearest available forensic facility to the mass grave site...
September 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679570/cardiopulmonary-physiology-why-the-heart-and-lungs-are-inextricably-linked
#11
REVIEW
Kevin Verhoeff, Jamie R Mitchell
Because the heart and lungs are confined within the thoracic cavity, understanding their interactions is integral for studying each system. Such interactions include changes in external constraint to the heart, blood volume redistribution (venous return), direct ventricular interaction (DVI), and left ventricular (LV) afterload. During mechanical ventilation, these interactions can be amplified and result in reduced cardiac output. For example, increased intrathoracic pressure associated with mechanical ventilation can increase external constraint and limit ventricular diastolic filling and, therefore, output...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593087/a-dynamic-valgus-index-that-combines-hip-and-knee-angles-assessment-of-utility-in-females-with-patellofemoral-pain
#12
Sara A Scholtes, Gretchen B Salsich
BACKGROUND: Two=dimensional motion analysis of lower=extremity movement typically focuses on the knee frontal plane projection angle, which considers the position of the femur and the tibia. A measure that includes the pelvis may provide a more comprehensive and accurate indicator of lower=extremity movement. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of the study was to describe the utility of a two=dimensional dynamic valgus index (DVI) in females with patellofemoral pain. The hypothesis was that the DVI would be more reliable and valid than the knee frontal plane projection angle, be greater in females with patellofemoral pain during a single=limb squat than in females without patellofemoral pain, and decrease in females with patellofemoral pain following instruction...
June 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584428/a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-of-comparison-between-extended-daily-hemodialysis-and-continuous-veno-venous-hemodialysis-in-patients-of-acute-kidney-injury-with-septic-shock
#13
Shakti Bedanta Mishra, Afzal Azim, Narayan Prasad, Ratendra Kumar Singh, Banani Poddar, Mohan Gurjar, Arvind Kumar Baronia
AIM OF STUDY: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in patients of septic shock. There is sparse data comparing sustained low-efficiency dialysis (SLED) and continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) in patients with septic shock. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a prospective randomized study in a 12-bedded medical intensive care unit. After clearance from institute's ethics committee and obtaining informed consent from the relatives, sixty adult patients with septic shock who were to undergo dialysis for AKI were included in the study...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560878/serial-metabolome-changes-in-a-prospective-cohort-of-subjects-with-influenza-viral-infection-and-comparison-with-dengue-fever
#14
Liang Cui, Jinling Fang, Eng Eong Ooi, Yie Hou Lee
Influenza virus infection (IVI) and dengue virus infection (DVI) are major public health threats. Between IVI and DVI, clinical symptoms can be overlapping yet infection-specific, but host metabolome changes are not well-described. Untargeted metabolomics and targeted oxylipinomic analyses were performed on sera serially collected at three phases of infection from a prospective cohort study of adult subjects with either H3N2 influenza infection or dengue fever. Untargeted metabolomics identified 26 differential metabolites, and major perturbed pathways included purine metabolism, fatty acid biosynthesis and β-oxidation, tryptophan metabolism, phospholipid catabolism, and steroid hormone pathway...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551851/the-ratio-of-hla-dr-and-vnn2-expression-on-cd14-myeloid-derived-suppressor-cells-can-distinguish-glioblastoma-from-radiation-necrosis-patients
#15
David C Soler, Andrew B Young, Kevin D Cooper, Amber Kerstetter-Fogle, Jill S Barnholtz-Sloan, Haley Gittleman, Thomas S McCormick, Andrew E Sloan
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most aggressive and lethal type of brain cancer with a median survival of less than two years even following aggressive treatment (Stupp et al., N Engl J Med 352:987-996, 2005). Among the many challenges in treating patients with this devastating disease is the ability to differentiate Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) images that appear following radiation therapy, often termed "radiation necrosis" from true GBM recurrence. Radiation necrosis (RN) and GBM are very difficult to distinguish and currently only a brain biopsy can conclusively differentiate these pathologies...
August 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520563/multiple-deaths-caused-by-a-fire-in-a-factory-identification-and-investigative-issues
#16
V Pinchi, V Bartolini, E Bertol, M Focardi, F Mari, U Ricci, S Vanin, G A Norelli
The article presents a case of multiple casualties following a textile factory fire. The incident required a full DVI team similar to large mass-disaster because of the specific operational aspects and identification difficulties. The autopsy results were consistent with death by fire and the toxicological investigations revealed carbon monoxide poisoning in four cases (HbCO% ranging between 88,05 and 95,77), two deaths by cyanide intoxication (with concentrations between 5,17 and 8,85 mcg/ml), and in one case there was a synergistic effect of the two substances (carbon monoxide and cyanide)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Forensic Odonto-stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363637/dsm265-for-plasmodium-falciparum-chemoprophylaxis-a-randomised-double-blinded-phase-1-trial-with-controlled-human-malaria-infection
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mihály Sulyok, Thomas Rückle, Alexandra Roth, Raymund E Mürbeth, Stephan Chalon, Nicola Kerr, Sonia Schnieper Samec, Nathalie Gobeau, Carlos Lamsfus Calle, Javier Ibáñez, Zita Sulyok, Jana Held, Tamirat Gebru, Patricia Granados, Sina Brückner, Christian Nguetse, Juliana Mengue, Albert Lalremruata, B Kim Lee Sim, Stephen L Hoffman, Jörg J Möhrle, Peter G Kremsner, Benjamin Mordmüller
BACKGROUND: A drug for causal (ie, pre-erythrocytic) prophylaxis of Plasmodium falciparum malaria with prolonged activity would substantially advance malaria control. DSM265 is an experimental antimalarial that selectively inhibits the parasite dihydroorotate dehydrogenase. DSM265 shows in vitro activity against liver and blood stages of P falciparum. We assessed the prophylactic activity of DSM265 against controlled human malaria infection (CHMI). METHODS: At the Institute of Tropical Medicine, Eberhard Karls University (Tübingen, Germany), healthy, malaria-naive adults were allocated to receive 400 mg DSM265 or placebo either 1 day (cohort 1A) or 7 days (cohort 2) before CHMI by direct venous inoculation (DVI) of 3200 aseptic, purified, cryopreserved P falciparum sporozoites (PfSPZ Challenge; Sanaria Inc, Rockville, MD, USA)...
June 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103832/thromboelastometry-analysis-of-thrombocytopenic-dengue-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Felipe Maia de Toledo Piza, Thiago Domingos Corrêa, Alexandre Rodrigues Marra, João Carlos Campos Guerra, Roseny Dos Reis Rodrigues, Andrea Aparecida Rocco Villarinho, Valdir Fernandes de Aranda, Sandra Christina Pereira Lima Shiramizo, Maria Roza de Jesus de Lima, Esper Georges Kallas, Alexandre Biasi Cavalcanti
BACKGROUND: Dengue virus infection (DVI) is a prevalent and potentially fatal viral disease associated with coagulopathy. So far, the coagulation profile of DVI patients with thrombocytopenia has not been assessed through a viscoelastic test such as rotational thromboelastometry. We aimed to describe the prevalence and characteristics of coagulation abnormalities in dengue fever outpatients with thrombocytopenia, addressed by both rotational thromboelastometry and conventional coagulation tests...
January 19, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097230/protection-against-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-by-pfspz-vaccine
#19
Judith E Epstein, Kristopher M Paolino, Thomas L Richie, Martha Sedegah, Alexandra Singer, Adam J Ruben, Sumana Chakravarty, April Stafford, Richard C Ruck, Abraham G Eappen, Tao Li, Peter F Billingsley, Anita Manoj, Joana C Silva, Kara Moser, Robin Nielsen, Donna Tosh, Susan Cicatelli, Harini Ganeshan, Jessica Case, Debbie Padilla, Silas Davidson, Lindsey Garver, Elizabeth Saverino, Tooba Murshedkar, Anusha Gunasekera, Patrick S Twomey, Sharina Reyes, James E Moon, Eric R James, Natasha Kc, Minglin Li, Esteban Abot, Arnel Belmonte, Kevin Hauns, Maria Belmonte, Jun Huang, Carlos Vasquez, Shon Remich, Mary Carrington, Yonas Abebe, Amy Tillman, Bradley Hickey, Jason Regules, Eileen Villasante, B Kim Lee Sim, Stephen L Hoffman
BACKGROUND: A radiation-attenuated Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) sporozoite (SPZ) malaria vaccine, PfSPZ Vaccine, protected 6 of 6 subjects (100%) against homologous Pf (same strain as in the vaccine) controlled human malaria infection (CHMI) 3 weeks after 5 doses administered intravenously. The next step was to assess protective efficacy against heterologous Pf (different from Pf in the vaccine), after fewer doses, and at 24 weeks. METHODS: The trial assessed tolerability, safety, immunogenicity, and protective efficacy of direct venous inoculation (DVI) of 3 or 5 doses of PfSPZ Vaccine in non-immune subjects...
January 12, 2017: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025312/performance-of-the-labcor-dokimos-plus-pericardial-aortic-prosthesis-a-single-centre-experience
#20
Rashad Zayat, Jessica Arias-Pinilla, Ali Aljalloud, Giulia Musetti, Andreas Goetzenich, Rüdiger Autschbach, Thomas van Gemmeren, Andreas Niedeggen, Nima Hatam
Objectives: In patients with a small aortic annulus, aortic valve replacement (AVR) is frequently associated with high residual pressure gradients. Supra-annular pericardial aortic prostheses are gaining popularity due to the increased effective orifice areas (EOA) and resulting lower gradients. This study reports the clinical and echocardiographic results following implantation of the new supra-annular pericardial aortic prosthesis Dokimos Plus (Labcor, Belo Horizonte, Brazil). Methods: Between October 2013 and July 2015, 137 patients (41% women, mean age: 74 years) underwent supra-annular AVR with or without concomitant procedures using the Dokimos Plus prosthesis in our department...
March 1, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
keyword
keyword
58435
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"