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Emergency stabilization

Lei He, Xiaoxiang Wang, Lian Duan
Light-emitting electrochemical cells (LECs) have emerged as a promising emissive thin-film technology for next-generation solid-state lighting. However, blue LECs show low performances, which has remained a bottleneck for the fabrication of white LECs for lighting applications. Here, we demonstrate a remarkable enhancement of overall device performance for blue LECs by using an electron-injecting/transporting ionic additive, i.e., [Zn(bpy)3](PF6)2 (bpy is 2.2'-bipyridine, PF6- is hexafluorophosphate). It is revealed that adding [Zn(bpy)3](PF6)2 into the active layers of blue LECs accelerates the device response, enhances simultaneously the brightness and efficiency, reduces the efficiency roll-offs, improves significantly the blue-color stability upon the continuous electrical operation and enhances the device operational stability at optimized conditions...
March 21, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Widodo, Nadya Veronica Margarecaesha Anyndita, Nurul Dluha, Muhaimin Rifa'i, Karimatul Himmah, Mulya Dwi Wahyuningsih
Background: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) can cause cancer in people from around the world. There is no EBV vaccine available for use on a global scale. However, emerging evidence suggests that the epitope on the gp350/220 capsid protein may be developed into an EBV vaccine. Nevertheless, the production of small, single epitope is challenging of stability issues and possible alteration of peptide structure. In this study, a tandem epitope was developed consisting of three single epitopes, aimed to improve stability, antigenicity and preserve epitope structure...
March 2018: Heliyon
Raquel Marin, Mario Diaz
Estrogens (E2) exert a plethora of neuroprotective actions against aged-associated brain diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). Part of these actions takes place through binding to estrogen receptors (ER) embedded in signalosomes, where numerous signaling proteins are clustered. Signalosomes are preferentially located in lipid rafts which are dynamic membrane microstructures characterized by a peculiar lipid composition enriched in gangliosides, saturated fatty acids, cholesterol, and sphingolipids. Rapid E2 interactions with ER-related signalosomes appear to trigger intracellular signaling ultimately leading to the activation of molecular mechanisms against AD...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Jiabao Guo, Guo Tian, Qiyu Zhao, Tian'an Jiang
Introduction: Hemorrhage is a serious complication following percutaneous biopsy requiring detecting and immediate treatment of active bleeding. This study aimed to explore the potential benefits of ultrasound (US)-guided microwave ablation (MWA) to treat acute hemorrhage in risky locations. Materials and methods: We present seven patients (four males and three females) aged 19-69 years with solid-organ arterial hemorrhage treated by US-guided MWA and followed up with contrast-enhanced US (CEUS)...
2018: OncoTargets and Therapy
Guojun Zhang, Guanghui Zheng, Yan Zhang, Ruimin Ma, Xixiong Kang
Post-neurosurgical meningitis (PNM) is one of the most severe hospital-acquired infections (HAI) worldwide, and a large number of pathogens, especially those possessing multi-resistance genes, are related to these infections. Existing methods for detecting bacteria and measuring their response to antibiotics lack sensitivity and stability, and laboratory-based detection methods are inconvenient, which require at least 24h to complete. Rapid identification of bacteria and the determination of their susceptibility to antibiotics are urgently needed, in order to combat the emergence of multi-resistant bacterial strains...
March 17, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
Nick Kerman, John Sylvestre, Tim Aubry, Jino Distasio
BACKGROUND: Housing First is an effective intervention to stably house and alter service use patterns in a large proportion of homeless people with mental illness. However, it is unknown whether there are differences in the patterns of service use over time among those who do or do not become stably housed and what effect, if any, Housing First has on these differing service use patterns. This study explored changes in the service use of people with mental illness who received Housing First compared to standard care, and how patterns of use differed among people who did and did not become stably housed...
March 20, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
María Del Pino, Amado Andrés, Ana Ávila Bernabéu, Joaquín de Juan-Rivera, Elvira Fernández, Juan de Dios García Díaz, Domingo Hernández, José Luño, Isabel Martínez Fernández, José Paniagua, Manuel Posada de la Paz, José Carlos Rodríguez-Pérez, Rafael Santamaría, Roser Torra, Joan Torras Ambros, Pedro Vidau, Josep-Vicent Torregrosa
Fabry disease (FD) is a rare, X-linked disorder caused by mutations in the GLA gene encoding the enzyme α-galactosidase A. Complete or partial deficiency in this enzyme leads to intracellular accumulation of globotriaosylceramide (Gb3) and other glycosphingolipids in many cell types throughout the body, including the kidney. Progressive accumulation of Gb3 in podocytes, endothelial cells, epithelial cells, and tubular cells contribute to the renal symptoms of FD, which manifest as proteinuria and reduced glomerular filtration rate leading to renal insufficiency...
March 16, 2018: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
Guangye Zhang, Jingbo Zhao, Philip C Y Chow, Kui Jiang, Jianquan Zhang, Zonglong Zhu, Jie Zhang, Fei Huang, He Yan
The bulk-heterojunction blend of an electron donor and an electron acceptor material is the key component in a solution-processed organic photovoltaic device. In the past decades, a p-type conjugated polymer and an n-type fullerene derivative have been the most commonly used electron donor and electron acceptor, respectively. While most advances of the device performance come from the design of new polymer donors, fullerene derivatives have almost been exclusively used as electron acceptors in organic photovoltaics...
March 20, 2018: Chemical Reviews
Mimi M Li, Mohamad S Hamady, Colin D Bicknell, Celia V Riga
Flexible robotic catheters are an emerging technology which provide an elegant solution to the challenges of conventional endovascular intervention. Originally developed for interventional cardiology and electrophysiology procedures, remotely steerable robotic catheters such as the Magellan system enable greater precision and enhanced stability during target vessel navigation. These technical advantages facilitate improved treatment of disease in the arterial tree, as well as allowing execution of otherwise unfeasible procedures...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Huang Zhou, Daping He, Amiinu Ibrahim Saana, Jinlong Yang, Zhe Wang, Jian Zhang, Qirui Liang, Shuai Yuan, Jiawei Zhu, Shichun Mu
Carbon materials, with a controllable structure, derived from metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have emerged as a new class of electrocatalysts in renewable energy devices. However, efficient conversion of MOFs to small diameter doped carbon nanotubes in inert gases at high temperatures (>600 °C) remains a significant challenge. In this study, we first report the growth of small diameter cobalt and nitrogen co-doped carbon nanotubes (Co/N-CNTs) from mesoporous silica (mSiO2)-coated Co-based MOFs (ZIF-67)...
March 20, 2018: Nanoscale
Zhuang Liu, Han Lin, Menglong Zhao, Chen Dai, Shengjian Zhang, Weijun Peng, Yu Chen
Background : The emergence of two-dimensional MXenes has spurred their versatile applications in broad fields, but the exploring of novel MXene-based family members and their potential applications in theranostic nanomedicine (concurrent diagnostic imaging and therapy) have been rarely explored. In this work, we report the construction of a novel superparamagnetic MXene-based theranostic nanoplatform for efficient breast-cancer theranostics, which was based on intriguing tantalum carbide (Ta4 C3 ) MXene and its further rational surface-superparamagnetic iron-oxide functionalization (Ta4 C3 -IONP-SPs composite MXenes) for efficient breast-cancer theranostic...
2018: Theranostics
Ahmad M Radaideh, Ziad A Audat, Abdullah A Saleh
BACKGROUND Fractures of the talus are uncommon injuries that usually involve the talar neck, rather than the talar body. This report is of a rare case of combined left talar neck fracture and adjacent joint dislocation with an ipsilateral bimalleolar ankle fracture. CASE REPORT A 37-year-old man presented with an injury to his left foot following a motor vehicle accident. When he presented to the hospital emergency department, his left foot and ankle were swollen, the overlying skin was intact but badly contused, and there was no neurovascular deficit...
March 20, 2018: American Journal of Case Reports
Geoffrey A Anderson, Peter Kayima, Lenka Ilcisin, Noralis Portal Benitez, Katherine H Albutt, Susan M Briggs, Deepika Nehra
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this project was to create a multitiered trauma training curriculum that was designed specifically for the low-resource setting. DESIGN: We developed 2 courses designed to teach principles and skills necessary for trauma care. The first course, "Emergency Ward Management of Trauma (EWMT)," is designed to teach interns the initial assessment and stabilization of trauma patients in the emergency ward. The second course for mid-level surgical residents, "Surgical Techniques and Repairs in Trauma for the Low-resource Environment" (STaRTLE), is a cadaver-based operative trauma course designed to teach surgical exposures and techniques...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
A L Tan, M Lawson, J Preston, S Wood, A Griffin, H Rhee
Renal cancers are some of the most common solid organ malignancies found during follow-up of patients who have undergone renal transplantation (RT). In this case report, we describe a life-threatening spontaneous hemorrhage of a rare subtype of renal cell carcinoma in the native kidney of a 27-year-old man, 4 years after RT. After fluid resuscitation and stabilization, the patient underwent emergent open radical nephrectomy with the final histopathology reporting T1bN0Mx mucinous tubular and spindle cell (MTSC) carcinoma...
March 16, 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
Najat Dzaki, Ghows Azzam
Members of the Aedes genus of mosquitoes are widely recognized as vectors of viral diseases. Ae.albopictus is its most invasive species, and are known to carry viruses such as Dengue, Chikugunya and Zika. Its emerging importance puts Ae.albopictus on the forefront of genetic interaction and evolution studies. However, a panel of suitable reference genes specific for this insect is as of now undescribed. Nine reference genes, namely ACT, eEF1-γ, eIF2α, PP2A, RPL32, RPS17, PGK1, ILK and STK were evaluated. Expression patterns of the candidate reference genes were observed in a total of seventeen sample types, separated by stage of development and age...
2018: PloS One
Juliana Miron Vani, Maria Tereza Ferreira Duenhas Monreal, Sarah Alves Auharek, Andréa Luiza Cunha-Laura, Eduardo José de Arruda, Alessandra Ramos Lima, Cicera Maria da Silva, Andréia Conceição Milan Brochado Antoniolli-Silva, Dênis Pires de Lima, Adilson Beatriz, Rodrigo Juliano Oliveira
Dengue fever, chikungunya fever and Zika virus are epidemics in Brazil that are transmitted by mosquitoes, such as Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus. The liquid from shells of cashew nuts is attractive for its important biological and therapeutic activities, which include toxicity to mosquitoes of the genus Aedes. The present study evaluated the effects of a mixture of surfactants from natural cashew nutshell liquid and castor oil (named TaLCC-20) on the mortality of larvae and on the reproductive performance, embryonic and fetal development and genetic stability of Swiss mice...
2018: PloS One
Anirban Banerjee, Christopher C Silliman, Ernest E Moore, Monika Dzieciatskowa, Marguerite Kelher, Angela Sauaia, Kenneth Jones, Michael P Chapman, Eduardo Gonzalez, Hunter B Moore, Angelo D'Alessandro, Erik Peltz, Benjamin E Huebner, Peter Einerson, James Chandler, Arsen Ghasabayan, Kirk Hansen
BACKGROUND: Viscoelastic measurements of hemostasis indicate that 20% of seriously injured patients exhibit systemic hyperfibrinolysis, with increased early mortality. These patients have normal clot formation with rapid clot lysis. Targeted proteomics was applied to quantify plasma proteins from hyperfibrinolytic (HF) patients to elucidate potential pathophysiology. METHODS: Blood samples were collected in the field or at Emergency Department arrival and thrombelastography (TEG) was used to characterize in vitro clot formation under native and tissue plasminogen activator (tPA)-stimulated conditions...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Xiuxiu Wang, Ru Cheng, Liang Cheng, Zhiyuan Zhong
PLGA, a copolymer of lactide and glycolide, is one of the most used biodegradable polymers that find a wide range of biomedical applications including drug delivery and tissue engineering. However, in spite of remarkable advancement, nanotherapeutics based on PLGA might have drawbacks of inadequate stability, drug leakage, and slow drug release at the tumor site, which reduces its targeting ability and therapeutic efficacy. Here, we report that direct modification of star PLGA ends with lipoic acid, a natural antioxidant present in our human body, affords a smart material (sPLGA-LA) that forms reversibly crosslinked and bioresponsive multifunctional nanoparticles (sPLGA XNPs)...
March 19, 2018: Biomacromolecules
Franziska Krieg, Stefan T Ochsenbein, Sergii Yakunin, Stephanie Ten Brinck, Philipp Aellen, Adrian Süess, Baptiste Clerc, Dominic Guggisberg, Olga Nazarenko, Yevhen Shynkarenko, Sudhir Kumar, Chih-Jen Shih, Ivan Infante, Maksym V Kovalenko
Colloidal lead halide perovskite nanocrystals (NCs) have recently emerged as versatile photonic sources. Their processing and optoelectronic applications are hampered by the loss of colloidal stability and structural integrity due to the facile desorption of surface capping molecules during isolation and purification. To address this issue, herein, we propose a new ligand capping strategy utilizing common and inexpensive long-chain zwitterionic molecules such as 3-( N , N -dimethyloctadecylammonio)propanesulfonate, resulting in much improved chemical durability...
March 9, 2018: ACS Energy Letters
Mikhail M Savitski, Nico Zinn, Maria Faelth-Savitski, Daniel Poeckel, Stephan Gade, Isabelle Becher, Marcel Muelbaier, Anne J Wagner, Katrin Strohmer, Thilo Werner, Stephanie Melchert, Massimo Petretich, Anna Rutkowska, Johanna Vappiani, Holger Franken, Michael Steidel, Gavain M Sweetman, Omer Gilan, Enid Y N Lam, Mark A Dawson, Rab K Prinjha, Paola Grandi, Giovanna Bergamini, Marcus Bantscheff
Protein degradation plays important roles in biological processes and is tightly regulated. Further, targeted proteolysis is an emerging research tool and therapeutic strategy. However, proteome-wide technologies to investigate the causes and consequences of protein degradation in biological systems are lacking. We developed "multiplexed proteome dynamics profiling" (mPDP), a mass-spectrometry-based approach combining dynamic-SILAC labeling with isobaric mass tagging for multiplexed analysis of protein degradation and synthesis...
March 3, 2018: Cell
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