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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215192/music-genre-as-a-predictor-of-resource-utilization-at-outdoor-music-concerts
#1
Michael S Westrol, Susmith Koneru, Norah McIntyre, Andrew T Caruso, Faizan H Arshad, Mark A Merlin
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the various modern music genres and their effect on the utilization of medical resources with analysis and adjustment for potential confounders. METHODS: A retrospective review of patient logs from an open-air, contemporary amphitheater over a period of 10 years was performed. Variables recorded by the medical personnel for each concert included the attendance, description of the weather, and a patient log in which nature and outcome were recorded...
February 20, 2017: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186453/effects-of-distance-and-transport-method-on-intervention-and-mortality-in-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#2
Jonathan Weyhenmeyer, Cristian F Guandique, Adam Leibold, Stephen Lehnert, Jonathan Parish, Woody Han, Chad Tuchek, Janit Pandya, Thomas Leipzig, Troy Payner, Andrew DeNardo, John Scott, Aaron A Cohen-Gadol
OBJECTIVE Most patients suffering from aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) initially present to a hospital that lacks a neurosurgical unit. These patients require interhospital transfer (IHT) to tertiary facilities capable of multidisciplinary neurosurgical intervention. Yet, little is known about the effects of IHT on the outcomes of patients suffering from aSAH. In this study, the authors examined the effects of IHT and transport method on the timing of treatment, rebleed rates, and overall outcomes of patients who have experienced aSAH...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061918/clinical-experience-and-learning-style-of-flight-nurse-and-aeromedical-evacuation-technician-students
#3
Marla J De Jong, Susan F Dukes, Karey M Dufour, Darcy L Mortimer
BACKGROUND: The clinical experience and preferred learning style of U.S. Air Force flight nurses and aeromedical evacuation technicians are unknown. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional survey design, we gathered data regarding the clinical experience, level of comfort providing clinical care, and preferred learning style of 77 active duty (AD), Air Force Reserve (AFR), and Air National Guard (ANG) nurses enrolled in the U.S. Air Force School of Aerospace Medicine Flight Nurse course, and 121 AD, AFR, and ANG medical technicians enrolled in the Aeromedical Evacuation Technician course...
January 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048879/su-f-t-656-monte-carlo-study-on-air-activation-around-a-medical-electron-linac
#4
F Horst, G Fehrenbacher, K Zink
PURPOSE: In high energy photon therapy, several radiation protection issues result from photonuclear reactions. The activation of air - directly by photonuclear reactions as well as indirectly by capture of photoneutrons generated inside the linac head - is a major point of concern for the medical staff. The purpose of this study was to estimate the annual effective dose to medical workers due to activated air around a medical high energy electron linac by means of Monte Carlo simulations...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048398/su-cd-pins-room-hall-e-01
#5
R Parker
: Medical Physicists are frequently involved in shipping radioactive materials or supervising those who do. Current U.S. Department of Transportation Hazardous Material Regulations, 49 CFR Parts 171 - 185, require hazmat employees to have documented training specified in 49 CFR 172 Subpart H. A hazmat employee is defined as an individual who: (1) loads, unloads or handles hazardous material; (2) manufactures, tests, reconditions, repairs, modifies, marks or otherwise represents containers, drums or packagings as qualified for use in the transportation of hazardous materials; (3) prepares hazardous materials for transportation; (4) is responsible for safety of transporting hazardous materials; or (5) operates a vehicle used to transport hazardous materials...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047414/su-g-pins-room-hall-e-01
#6
R Parker
: Medical Physicists are frequently involved in shipping radioactive materials or supervising those who do. Current U.S. Department of Transportation Hazardous Material Regulations, 49 CFR Parts 171 - 185, require hazmat employees to have documented training specified in 49 CFR 172 Subpart H. A hazmat employee is defined as an individual who: (1) loads, unloads or handles hazardous material; (2) manufactures, tests, reconditions, repairs, modifies, marks or otherwise represents containers, drums or packagings as qualified for use in the transportation of hazardous materials; (3) prepares hazardous materials for transportation; (4) is responsible for safety of transporting hazardous materials; or (5) operates a vehicle used to transport hazardous materials...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046322/su-cd-pins-room-hall-e-00-hazmat-training-for-the-medical-physicist-part-i
#7
Russell Tarver
: Medical Physicists are frequently involved in shipping radioactive materials or supervising those who do. Current U.S. Department of Transportation Hazardous Material Regulations, 49 CFR Parts 171 - 185, require hazmat employees to have documented training specified in 49 CFR 172 Subpart H. A hazmat employee is defined as an individual who: (1) loads, unloads or handles hazardous material; (2) manufactures, tests, reconditions, repairs, modifies, marks or otherwise represents containers, drums or packagings as qualified for use in the transportation of hazardous materials; (3) prepares hazardous materials for transportation; (4) is responsible for safety of transporting hazardous materials; or (5) operates a vehicle used to transport hazardous materials...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046277/su-g-pins-room-hall-e-00-hazmat-training-for-the-medical-physicist-part-ii
#8
Russell Tarver
: Medical Physicists are frequently involved in shipping radioactive materials or supervising those who do. Current U.S. Department of Transportation Hazardous Material Regulations, 49 CFR Parts 171 - 185, require hazmat employees to have documented training specified in 49 CFR 172 Subpart H. A hazmat employee is defined as an individual who: (1) loads, unloads or handles hazardous material; (2) manufactures, tests, reconditions, repairs, modifies, marks or otherwise represents containers, drums or packagings as qualified for use in the transportation of hazardous materials; (3) prepares hazardous materials for transportation; (4) is responsible for safety of transporting hazardous materials; or (5) operates a vehicle used to transport hazardous materials...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041758/emergency-medical-services-ems-versus-non-ems-transport-among-injured-children-in-the-united-states
#9
Michelle M Corrado, Junxin Shi, Krista K Wheeler, Jin Peng, Brian Kenney, Sarah Johnson, Huiyun Xiang
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the proportions of injured children transported to trauma centers by different transportation modes and evaluate the effect of transportation mode on inter-facility transfer rates using the US national trauma registry. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2007-2012 National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) to study trends of EMS versus non-EMS transport. Multivariable logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between transport mode and inter-facility transfer...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038863/association-of-remote-ischemic-peri-conditioning-with-reduced-incidence-of-clinical-heart-failure-after-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#10
Adetola Ladejobi, Max Wayne, Christian Martin-Gill, Francis X Guyette, Andrew D Althouse, Michael S Sharbaugh, Steven E Reis, Clifton W Callaway, John A Kellum, A J Conrad Smith, Catalin Toma, Oladipupo Olafiranye
BACKGROUND: Clinical heart failure (HF) occurs frequently after ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), and is associated with increased mortality. We assessed the impact of remote ischemic peri-conditioning (RIPC) during inter-facility air medical transport of STEMI patients on clinical HF following primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). METHODS: Data from Acute Coronary Treatment and Intervention Outcomes Network Registry®-Get With the Guidelines™ (ACTION Registry-GWTG) from two PCI-hospitals that are utilizing RIPC during inter-facility helicopter transport of STEMI patients for pPCI between March, 2013 and September, 2015 were used for this study...
December 15, 2016: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033139/air-medical-administration-of-tranexamic-acid
#11
Brian Cornelius
Traumatic injury is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Massive hemorrhage is responsible for the vast majority of deaths. Evolution in trauma treatment has resulted in major improvements to emergency care. Tranexamic acid (TXA), an antifibrinolytic agent, is synthetically derived from amino acids. The CRASH-2 study demonstrated that the early administration of TXA results in significant decreases in morbidity and mortality. Experiences by coalition forces in Southwest Asia found a substantial increase in survival of trauma patients with early TXA administration...
January 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940691/seizure-treatment-in-children-transported-to-tertiary-care-recommendation-adherence-and-outcomes
#12
Heather M Siefkes, Maija Holsti, Denise Morita, Lawrence J Cook, Susan Bratton
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Convulsive seizures account for 15% of pediatric air transports. We evaluated seizure treatment received in community hospital emergency departments among transported patients for adherence to recommended management. METHODS: This study was a retrospective cohort study of children transported for an acute seizure to a tertiary pediatric hospital from 2010 to 2013. Seizure treatment was evaluated for adherence to recommended management...
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906867/external-validation-of-the-air-medical-prehospital-triage-score-for-identifying-trauma-patients-likely-to-benefit-from-scene-helicopter-transport
#13
Joshua B Brown, Mark L Gestring, Francis X Guyette, Matthew R Rosengart, Nicole A Stassen, Raquel M Forsythe, Timothy R Billiar, Andrew B Peitzman, Jason L Sperry
BACKGROUND: The Air Medical Prehospital Triage (AMPT) score was developed to identify injured patients who may benefit from scene helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) transport. External validation using a different data set is essential to ensure reliable performance. The study objective was to validate the effectiveness of the AMPT score to identify patients with a survival benefit from HEMS using the Pennsylvania Trauma Outcomes Study registry. METHODS: Patients 16 years or older undergoing scene HEMS or ground EMS (GEMS) transport in the Pennsylvania Trauma Outcomes Study registry 2000-2013 were included...
February 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894560/analysis-of-temperature-variability-in-medication-storage-compartments-in-emergency-transport-helicopters
#14
Margaret A O'Donnell, Justin Whitfield
The purpose of this study was to determine whether the temperature in medication storage compartments in air medical helicopters was within United States Pharmacopeia (USP)-defined limits for controlled room temperature. This was a prospective study using data obtained from a continuous temperature monitoring device. A total of 4 monitors were placed within 2 medication storage locations in 2 identical helicopters. The data collection period lasted 2 weeks during the summer and winter seasons. Data retrieved from monitors were compared against USP parameters for proper medication storage...
November 2016: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894558/helicopter-scene-response-for-stroke-patients-a-5-year-experience
#15
Andrew Hawk, Catherine Marco, Matt Huang, Bonnie Chow
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the usefulness of an emergency medical service (EMS)-requested air medical helicopter response directly to the scene for a patient with clinical evidence of an ischemic cerebrovascular accident (CVA) and transport to a regional comprehensive CVA center. METHODS: CareFlight, an air medical critical care transportation service, is based in Dayton, OH. The 3 CareFlight helicopters are geographically located and provided transport to all CVA scene patients in this study...
November 2016: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886990/radiation-protection-studies-for-medical-particle-accelerators-using-fluka-monte-carlo-code
#16
Angelo Infantino, Gianfranco Cicoria, Giulia Lucconi, Davide Pancaldi, Sara Vichi, Federico Zagni, Domiziano Mostacci, Mario Marengo
Radiation protection (RP) in the use of medical cyclotrons involves many aspects both in the routine use and for the decommissioning of a site. Guidelines for site planning and installation, as well as for RP assessment, are given in international documents; however, the latter typically offer analytic methods of calculation of shielding and materials activation, in approximate or idealised geometry set-ups. The availability of Monte Carlo (MC) codes with accurate up-to-date libraries for transport and interaction of neutrons and charged particles at energies below 250 MeV, together with the continuously increasing power of modern computers, makes the systematic use of simulations with realistic geometries possible, yielding equipment and site-specific evaluation of the source terms, shielding requirements and all quantities relevant to RP at the same time...
November 24, 2016: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824550/chikungunya-virus-infection-an-update-on-joint-manifestations-and-management
#17
REVIEW
Maria Krutikov, Jessica Manson
The advent of sophisticated diagnostics has enabled the discovery of previously unknown arthropod-borne viruses like Chikungunya. This infection has become increasingly prevalent in the last 10 years across the Indian Ocean and has been brought to media attention by a recent outbreak in the Caribbean. The outbreak has been aided by a drastic rise in air travel, allowing infected individuals to transport the virus to previously unaffected regions. In addition, a recently documented viral mutation has allowed its transmission by the Aedes albopictus mosquito, therefore facilitating outbreaks in Southern Europe and the USA...
October 31, 2016: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813282/renal-protection-using-remote-ischemic-peri-conditioning-during-inter-facility-helicopter-transport-of-patients-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-a-retrospective-study
#18
Oladipupo Olafiranye, Adetola Ladejobi, Max Wayne, Christian Martin-Gill, Andrew D Althouse, Michael S Sharbaugh, Francis X Guyette, Steven E Reis, John A Kellum, Catalin Toma
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of remote ischemic peri-conditioning (RIPC) during inter-facility air medical transport of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients on the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) following primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI). BACKGROUND: STEMI patients who receive pPCI have an increased risk of AKI for which there is no well-defined prophylactic therapy in the setting of emergent pPCI. METHODS: Using the ACTION Registry-GWTG, we evaluated the impact of RIPC applied during inter-facility helicopter transport of STEMI patients from non-PCI capable hospitals to 2 PCI-hospitals in the United States between March, 2013 and September, 2015 on the incidence of AKI following pPCI...
December 2016: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777030/the-geography-of-imported-malaria-to-non-endemic-countries-a-meta-analysis-of-nationally-reported-statistics
#19
Andrew J Tatem, Peng Jia, Dariya Ordanovich, Michael Falkner, Zhuojie Huang, Rosalind Howes, Simon I Hay, Peter W Gething, David L Smith
BACKGROUND: Malaria remains a problem for many countries classified as malaria free through cases imported from endemic regions. Imported cases to non-endemic countries often result in delays in diagnosis, are expensive to treat, and can sometimes cause secondary local transmission. The movement of malaria in endemic countries has also contributed to the spread of drug resistance and threatens long-term eradication goals. Here we focused on quantifying the international movements of malaria to improve our understanding of these phenomena and facilitate the design of mitigation strategies...
January 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771338/tools-for-assessment-of-communication-skills-of-hospital-action-teams-a-systematic-review
#20
Shady A Rehim, Stephanie DeMoor, Richard Olmsted, Daniel L Dent, Jessica Parker-Raley
BACKGROUND: Hospital action teams comprise interdisciplinary health care providers working simultaneously to treat critically ill patients. Assessments designed to evaluate communication effectiveness or "nontechnical" performance of these teams are essential to minimize medical errors and improve team productivity. Although multiple communication tools are available, the characteristics and psychometric validity of these instruments have yet to be systematically compared. OBJECTIVE: To identify assessments used to evaluate the communication or "nontechnical" performance of hospital action teams and summarize evidence to develop and validate these instruments...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
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