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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130703/nutritional-practices-in-very-low-birth-weight-infants-a-national-survey
#1
Miguel Sáenz de Pipaón, Ricardo Closa, María Gormaz, Marcos Linés, Eduardo Narbona, Gerardo Rodríguez-Martínez, José Uberos, Carlos Zozaya, María L Couce
BACKGROUND: Significant efforts have been made to improve the nutritional support of very preterm infants. Large surveys may help to know the nutritional practices for preterm infants in neonatal units and identify if they are in line with the current guidelines. METHODS: A multicentre nationwide web-based survey on clinical feeding practices in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants was conducted in tertiary neonatal hospitals that admit infants with a birth weight < 1,500 g and/or a gestational age of < 32 weeks...
October 24, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128114/saturated-or-unsaturated-fat-supplemented-maternal-diets-influence-omental-adipose-tissue-proteome-of-suckling-goat-kids
#2
Laura Restelli, Andreia T Marques, Giovanni Savoini, Guido Invernizzi, Michela Carisetti, Cristina Lecchi, Emoke Bendixen, Fabrizio Ceciliani
The aim of the present study was to investigate how maternal diet can influence the adipose tissue of goat kids. Omental adipose tissue proteomes of goat-kids from mothers fed with diet enriched with stearic acid (ST-kids), fish oil (FO-kids) and standard diets (CTRL) were determined by quantitative iTRAQ 2D-LC-MS/MS analysis. Twenty proteins were found to be differentially expressed in suckling kids' omental adipose tissue. Stearic acid induces changes in a higher number of proteins when compared to fish oil...
November 3, 2017: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122055/extruded-linseed-alone-or-in-combination-with-fish-oil-modifies-mammary-gene-expression-profiles-in-lactating-goats
#3
Y Faulconnier, L Bernard, C Boby, J Domagalski, Y Chilliard, C Leroux
Nutrition is a major factor that regulates ruminant milk components, particularly its fatty acid (FA) composition, which is an important determinant of milk nutritional quality. In the mammary gland, milk component biosynthesis involves a large number of genes under nutritional regulation that are not well understood. Thus, the objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of extruded linseeds (EL) alone or in combination with fish oil (ELFO) on goat mammary gene expression. In total, 14 goats were fed one of the following three diets: a natural grassland hay basal diet (CTRL) alone, CTRL supplemented with 530 g/day of EL, or 340 g/day of EL plus 39 g/day of fish oil (ELFO)...
November 10, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113108/polymorphisms-in-ffar4-gpr120-gene-modulate-insulin-levels-and-sensitivity-after-fish-oil-supplementation
#4
Bastien Vallée Marcotte, Hubert Cormier, Iwona Rudkowska, Simone Lemieux, Patrick Couture, Marie-Claude Vohl
The objective was to test whether FFAR4 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with glycemic control-related traits in humans following fish oil supplementation. A total of 210 participants were given 3 g/day of omega-3 (n-3) fatty acids (FA) (1.9-2.2 g of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and 1.1 g of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)) during six weeks. Biochemical parameters were taken before and after the supplementation. Using the HapMap database and the tagger procedure in Haploview, 12 tagging SNPs in FFAR4 were selected and then genotyped using TaqMan technology...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Personalized Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098469/supplementation-of-arachidonic-acid-rich-oil-in-european-sea-bass-juveniles-dicentrarchus-labrax-diets-effects-on-growth-performance-tissue-fatty-acid-profile-and-lipid-metabolism
#5
S Torrecillas, M B Betancor, M J Caballero, F Rivero, L Robaina, M Izquierdo, D Montero
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of increasing dietary arachidonic acid (ARA) levels (from 1 to 6% of total fatty acids) on European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) juveniles' growth performance, tissue fatty acid profile, liver morphology as well as long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) biosynthesis, triglyceride and cholesterol synthesis and lipid transport. A diet with total fish oil (FO) replacement and defatted fish meal (FM) containing a 0.1-g ARA g(-1) diet was added to the experimental design as a negative control diet...
November 2, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096739/metabolic-and-molecular-responses-to-calcium-soap-of-fish-oil-fed-to-ewes-during-peripartal-period
#6
S Sheibani, A Mohammadi-Sangcheshmeh, A A Alamouti, A A Khadem, M A Norouzian
It has been shown that n-3 long chain fatty acids (n-3 LCFA) are involved in energy/lipid metabolisms, reproductive parameters, and molecular regulations leading to maintained homeostasis. We hypothesized that supplementation of peripartal diets with fish oil (FO), as a source of n-3 LCFA, could improve energy balance and modulate metabolic pressure in a sheep model. Prepartum ewes (n = 24) were fed control (CON) or calcium soap of fish oil (FO) supplemented-diet from four weeks before until three weeks after parturation...
October 31, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092397/alpha-linolenic-acid-from-perilla-frutescens-var-japonica-oil-protects-a%C3%AE-induced-cognitive-impairment-through-regulation-of-app-processing-and-a%C3%AE-degradation
#7
Ah Young Lee, Myoung Hee Lee, Sanghyun Lee, Eun Ju Cho
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by progressive cognitive and memory impairment. The major pathological hallmark of AD is the accumulation of amyloid beta (Aβ), which is produced from the amyloid precursor protein (APP) through cleavage of β- and γ-secretase. Recently, dietary plant oil containing ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid has become attractive alternative sources to fish oil containing eicosapentaenoic acid or docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). We investigated whether ALA isolated from perilla oil has direct effects on improvement of cognitive ability and molecular mechanisms in APP processing in comparison with DHA...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089890/long-chain-omega-3-fatty-acids-supplementation-accelerates-nerve-regeneration-and-prevents-neuropathic-pain-behavior-in-mice
#8
Rafaela V Silva, Julia T Oliveira, Bruna L R Santos, Fabiana C Dias, Ana M B Martinez, Cleverton K F Lima, Ana L P Miranda
Fish oil (FO) is the main source of long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFAs), which display relevant analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. Peripheral nerve injury is driven by degeneration, neuroinflammation, and neuronal plasticity which results in neuropathic pain (NP) symptoms such as allodynia and hyperalgesia. We tested the preventive effect of an EPA/DHA-concentrate fish oil (CFO) on NP development and regenerative features. Swiss mice received daily oral treatment with CFO 4...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082420/substrate-specificity-and-membrane-topologies-of-the-iron-containing-%C3%AF-3-and-%C3%AF-6-desaturases-from-mortierella-alpina
#9
Mingxuan Wang, Haiqin Chen, Aisikaer Ailati, Wei Chen, Floyd H Chilton, W Todd Lowther, Yong Q Chen
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) are essential lipids for cell function, normal growth, and development, serving as key structural components of biological membranes and modulating critical signal transduction events. Omega-3 (n-3) long chain PUFAs (LC-PUFAs) such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) have been shown to protect against inflammatory diseases and enhance brain development and function. This had led to a marked increase in demand for fish and fish oils in human diets, supplements, and aquaculture and created a need for new, sustainable n-3 LC-PUFA sources...
October 30, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081890/role-of-diet-and-nutritional-supplements-in-parkinson-s-disease-progression
#10
Laurie K Mischley, Richard C Lau, Rachel D Bennett
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study is to describe modifiable lifestyle variables associated with reduced rate of Parkinson's disease (PD) progression. METHODS: The patient-reported outcomes in PD (PRO-PD) were used as the primary outcome measure, and a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) was used to assess dietary intake. In this cross-sectional analysis, regression analysis was performed on baseline data to identify the nutritional and pharmacological interventions associated with the rate of PD progression...
2017: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080699/therapeutic-potential-of-omega-3-fatty-acid-derived-epoxyeicosanoids-in-cardiovascular-and-inflammatory-diseases
#11
REVIEW
Wolf-Hagen Schunck, Anne Konkel, Robert Fischer, Karsten-Henrich Weylandt
Numerous benefits have been attributed to dietary long-chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFAs), including protection against cardiac arrhythmia, triglyceride-lowering, amelioration of inflammatory, and neurodegenerative disorders. This review covers recent findings indicating that a variety of these beneficial effects are mediated by "omega-3 epoxyeicosanoids", a class of novel n-3 LC-PUFA-derived lipid mediators, which are generated via the cytochrome P450 (CYP) epoxygenase pathway. CYP enzymes, previously identified as arachidonic acid (20:4n-6; AA) epoxygenases, accept eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n-3; EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n-3; DHA), the major fish oil n-3 LC-PUFAs, as efficient alternative substrates...
October 25, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079060/omega-3-fatty-acid-supplementation-may-prevent-loss-of-gray-matter-thickness-in-the-left-parieto-occipital-cortex-in-first-episode-schizophrenia-a-secondary-outcome-analysis-of-the-offer-randomized-controlled-study
#12
Tomasz Pawełczyk, Ewa Piątkowska-Janko, Piotr Bogorodzki, Piotr Gębski, Marta Grancow-Grabka, Elżbieta Trafalska, Natalia Żurner, Agnieszka Pawełczyk
The aim of the study was to assess changes in cortical thickness related to the use of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) as add-on therapy in patients with first episode schizophrenia. A double-blind randomized controlled study was conducted using a 26-week intervention composed of concentrated fish oil containing 2.2g/d of eicosapentaenoic (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) or placebo (olive oil). Participants underwent MRI scanning twice to assess changes in cortical thickness: at the beginning and at the end of intervention...
October 24, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072164/effects-of-a-lipid-emulsion-containing-fish-oil-on-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-profiles-growth-and-morbidities-in-extremely-premature-infants-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Svetlana Najm, Chatarina Löfqvist, Gunnel Hellgren, Eva Engström, Pia Lundgren, Anna-Lena Hård, Alexandre Lapillonne, Karin Sävman, Anders K Nilsson, Mats X Andersson, Lois E H Smith, Ann Hellström
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The purpose of the study was to compare the effects of the parenteral emulsion SMOFlipid(®), with 15% fish oil, with Clinoleic(®) on retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and other morbidities and growth, and to compare their impact on longitudinal serum levels of fatty acids. Retinopathy of prematurity, other morbidity and growth were correlated with each parenteral lipid supplement. METHODS: Ninety infants born at gestational age <28 weeks were randomized to treatment with SMOFlipid(®) or Clinoleic(®)...
August 2017: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067086/the-effect-of-omega-3-unsaturated-fatty-acids-on-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-rcts
#14
REVIEW
Le Yu, Man Yuan, Linchun Wang
OBJECTIVE: During the treatment of diseases such as angiocardiopathy, blood lipid abnormalities and metabolic syndrome, omega-3 unsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) can reduce plasma lipids and improve cardiovascular status, thus ameliorating disease severity. We aimed to explore the effects of PUFA supplementation in patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed during March 2016 for randomized controlled trials using PUFA or fish oil supplementation in patients with NAFLD or non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH)...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065492/the-prevalence-and-predictors-of-dietary-supplement-use-in-the-australian-population
#15
Stacey K O'Brien, Eva Malacova, Jill L Sherriff, Lucinda J Black
Current dietary supplement use in Australia is not well described. We investigated the prevalence and predictors of supplement use in the Australian population (n = 19,257) using data from the 2014-2015 National Health Survey. We reported the prevalence of supplement use by sex and age group and investigated the independent predictors of supplement use in adults, adolescents, and children using multiple logistic regression models. A total of 43.2% of adults (34.9% of males, 50.3% of females), 20.1% of adolescents (19...
October 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061183/the-effects-of-epa-and-dha-enriched-fish-oil-on-nutritional-and-immunological-markers-of-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-breast-cancer-patients-a-randomized-double-blind-controlled-trial
#16
Elemárcia Martins da Silva Paixão, Ana Carolina de M Oliveira, Nathalia Pizato, Maria Imaculada Muniz-Junqueira, Kelly G Magalhães, Eduardo Yoshio Nakano, Marina K Ito
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the effects of eicosapentaenoic (EPA) and docosahexaenoic (DHA) acids enriched fish oil (FO) on nutritional and immunological parameters of treatment naïve breast cancer patients. METHODS: In a randomized double blind controlled trial, the FO group (FG) patients were supplemented with 2 g/ day of FO concentrate containing 1.8 g of n-3 fatty acids during 30 days. The placebo group (PG) received 2 g/ day of mineral oil. At baseline and after the intervention, plasma levels of n-3 fatty acids, dietary intake, weight, body composition, biochemical and immunological markers were assessed...
October 23, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059558/dioxin-concentrations-in-dietary-supplements-containing-animal-oil-on-the-japanese-market-between-2007-and-2014
#17
Tomoaki Tsutsumi, Satoshi Takatsuki, Reiko Teshima, Rieko Matsuda, Takahiro Watanabe, Hiroshi Akiyama
We determined the concentrations of dioxins (polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls) in 46 dietary supplement products, containing the oil of fish, marine mammals, or egg yolk, on the Japanese market between 2007 and 2014. Dioxins were detected in 43 of the 46 products tested at concentrations from 0.00015 to 67 pg TEQ/g. The highest concentration of dioxins was found in a shark liver oil product which varied insignificantly in five batches collected over a two-year period...
October 10, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039041/evaluation-of-antioxidant-potential-of-essential-oils-of-some-commonly-used-indian-spices-in-in-vitro-models-and-in-food-supplements-enriched-with-omega-6-and-omega-3-fatty-acids
#18
Anwesa Bag, Rabi Ranjan Chattopadhyay
The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the antioxidant potential of essential oils of some commonly used Indian spices (black pepper, cinnamon, clove, coriander and cumin) in various in vitro models and in food supplements enriched with omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids. In vitro antioxidant potential was evaluated using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical-scavenging and Fe(2+) ion-chelating methods and lipid oxidation stabilisation potential was evaluated in bulk soybean oil-fish oil mixture and their oil-in-water emulsions using peroxide value (PV), p-anisidine value (p-AV) and total oxidation value as indicators of oxidation...
October 17, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035816/docosahexaenoic-acid-attenuates-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-hepatic-fibrosis-in-rats
#19
Jianlin He, Kaikai Bai, Bihong Hong, Feng Zhang, Shizhong Zheng
Fish oil containing docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) has been reported to exert beneficial health effects, including hepatoprotection. However, the effect of DHA alone has not been well studied, and the mechanism is not fully understood. In the present study, we reported the protective effect of DHA on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) induced hepatic fibrosis. Compared with the control group, the CCl4 group showed hepatic damage as evidenced by histological changes and elevation in serum transaminase activity, fibrosis, inflammation and oxidative stress levels...
October 13, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031877/individual-variation-of-the-extent-of-milk-fat-depression-in-dairy-ewes-fed-fish-oil-milk-fatty-acid-profile-and-mrna-abundance-of-candidate-genes-involved-in-mammary-lipogenesis
#20
P Frutos, P G Toral, G Hervás
Dairy ewes are less prone than cows to milk fat depression (MFD) but suffer from this syndrome when marine lipids are added to their diet to modulate milk fatty acid (FA) profile. However, there are large individual differences in MFD extent, and the reasons behind this variability are uncertain. On this basis, a study was conducted in lactating sheep to test the hypotheses that individual susceptibility to the low-fat milk condition may be explained by differences in (1) the milk concentration of some FA, particularly antilipogenic FA, or (2) the transcriptional regulation of mammary lipogenesis...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
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