Read by QxMD icon Read


Vladimir D Mendelevich
This article examines the psychiatric and political issues surrounding the case of the controversial Russian performance artist Pyotr Pavlensky, who received a number of court-ordered psychiatric evaluations as part of the legal actions initiated subsequent to his political protest actions. The author presents the results of his own clinical investigation into Pavlensky's case, arguing that previous diagnoses made by psychiatrists were unwarranted and unreasonable. This case draws the attention of experts to a problem: the need for more accurate criteria for the differentiation of behavioral disorders from behavior understood locally as socially-deviant...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
Claudio Angelo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: Nature
Annemarie Jutel
BACKGROUND: Contemporary medicine has expressed concern about lay incursions into the diagnostic process buttressed by commonly available medical information on line. Even while the world wide web is a new structure, there is a long historical precedent for this concern. With the emergence of scientific medicine in the late 19th century came a strong belief in the role of diagnosis, not only to explain disease symptoms but also to differentiate the physician from a range of other unreliable practitioners...
June 27, 2017: Diagnosis
Tak Kyu Oh, Kooknam Kim, Sang-Hwan Do, Jung-Won Hwang, Young-Tae Jeon
Preoperative socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with outcomes after surgery, although the effect on mortality may vary according to region. This retrospective study evaluated patients who underwent elective surgery at a tertiary hospital from 2011 to 2015 in South Korea. Preoperative SES factors (education, religion, marital status, and occupation) were evaluated for their association with 30-day and one-year all-cause mortality. The final analysis included 80,969 patients who were ≥30 years old, with 30-day mortality detected in 339 cases (0...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Amy Adamczyk, Margrét Valdimarsdóttir
Although abortion became legal over 40 years ago, Americans remain staunchly divided over its acceptability. Personal religious beliefs and behaviors have emerged as some of the most important factors shaping disapproval. Despite religion's importance, very little attention has been given to how the local religious context may shape views and abortion access. Using data from the General Social Survey (N = 6922) that has geographical identifiers, we examine the role of the local religious context for shaping attitudes and the presence of a county abortion clinic...
March 2018: Social Science Research
Gareth Iacobucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Joseph Clark, Samuel Stroope
We extend research on the effects of religious ecologies by examining the role of religious ecologies in intergenerational socioeconomic mobility. We do so first by providing a theoretical framework addressing the diverse cultural influences of religious traditions and their impact on intergenerational mobility. We argue that certain otherworldly orientations among conservative Protestants suppress mechanisms of upward mobility, and that there are meaningful distinctions between sub-groups of conservative Protestants (evangelicals, fundamentalists, and Pentecostals)...
February 2018: Social Science Research
Kristin Laurin
People will often rationalize the status quo, reconstruing it in an exaggeratedly positive light. They will even rationalize the status quo they anticipate, emphasizing the upsides and minimizing the downsides of sociopolitical realities they expect to take effect. Drawing on recent findings on the psychological triggers of rationalization, I present results from three field studies, one of which was preregistered, testing the hypothesis that an anticipated reality becoming current triggers an observable boost in people's rationalizations...
February 1, 2018: Psychological Science
Jennifer Crane
Contemporary policy debates construct public involvement in England's National Health Service as "new," or as a practice dating back only as far as the 1990s. This article argues that the longer historical contexts of such consultative practice matter, and it explores various and shifting manifestations of "consultation" in the NHS from the foundation of the Service in 1948. In doing so, it first demonstrates that consultation has always been a part of the theory and practice of postwar health policy. Thinking about consultation as "new" presents such practice as unnecessary or transient, and may function as part of a damaging political vision of public affection for the NHS as a barrier to reform...
February 9, 2018: Endeavour
Isabell Ann-Cathrin Wolf, Maria Gilles, Verena Peus, Barbara Scharnholz, Julia Seibert, Christine Jennen-Steinmetz, Bertram Krumm, Marcella Rietschel, Michael Deuschle, Manfred Laucht
Background: Mother-infant interaction provides important training for the infant's ability to cope with stress and the development of resilience. Prenatal stress (PS) and its impact on the offspring's development have long been a focus of stress research, with studies highlighting both harmful and beneficial effects. The aim of the current study was to examine the possible influence of both psychological stress and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity during pregnancy with mother-child dyadic behavior following stress exposure...
2018: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
Owen Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
N Fournet, L Mollema, W L Ruijs, I A Harmsen, F Keck, J Y Durand, M P Cunha, M Wamsiedel, R Reis, J French, E G Smit, A Kitching, J E van Steenbergen
BACKGROUND: Despite effective national immunisation programmes in Europe, some groups remain incompletely or un-vaccinated ('under-vaccinated'), with underserved minorities and certain religious/ideological groups repeatedly being involved in outbreaks of vaccine preventable diseases (VPD). Gaining insight into factors regarding acceptance of vaccination of 'under-vaccinated groups' (UVGs) might give opportunities to communicate with them in a trusty and reliable manner that respects their belief system and that, maybe, increase vaccination uptake...
January 30, 2018: BMC Public Health
Gil Siegal, Shimon Glick, Irit Offer-Stark, Avraham Steinberg
Force feeding of fasting hunger-striking prisoners is the subject of considerable controversy in Israel and elsewhere, posing a direct conflict between two basic ethical values: that of human life and respect for autonomy. The Israel Medical Association, as well as the World Medical Association, has taken the position that force feeding of such prisoners is an act of torture and is therefore unethical. However this paper presents an opposing view, which recently became the law in Israel, that, whereas the rights of prisoners to decree a hunger strike as a form of protest should be respected, if the prolongation of the strike reaches a stage of clear and present danger to the life and health of a prisoner, the saving of the prisoner's life must take precedence over considerations of autonomy...
January 2018: Harefuah
Paul-Otto Schmidt-Michel, Thomas Müller
The role of the relatives in the context of the "euthanasia" "Aktion T4" ("T4" campaign) has been controversially discussed in recent years. Based on documents of the National Socialist bureaucracy, statements of asylum psychiatrists in the year 1945 to the French occupation force as well as letters from relatives to Weissenau asylum in Wuerttemberg, these sources are analysed here in the light of the reactions of family members in respect to "Aktion T4". The results testify to a broad spectrum of responses of relatives, which are mainly characterised by fear, helplessness and protest...
January 23, 2018: Psychiatrische Praxis
Carolyn E B McCormick, Stephen J Sheinkopf, Todd P Levine, Linda L LaGasse, Ed Tronick, Barry L Lester
Indicators of risk for developing Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are difficult to detect within the first year of life. In this study, infants who were originally followed prospectively to examine general developmental risks due to substance exposure interacted with their mother and an unfamiliar experimenter for 2-min episodes at 4 months of age. Electrocardiogram was collected to measure respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) and the session was video recorded for behavioral coding. Two groups of infants were compared: infants with a diagnosed ASD outcome (N = 8) and matched controls (N = 186)...
January 23, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
Catherine Helps, Julie Leask, Lesley Barclay
Despite strong evidence confirming vaccination is safe and effective, some parents choose not to vaccinate their children. In 2016, the Australian Government introduced legislation strengthening links between vaccination compliance and some government payments. We interviewed thirty-one non-vaccinating parents about the impacts of this policy. Data analysis produced three key themes: 'questioning policy integrity', 'minimising impact' and 'holding my ground'. Affected parents offset reduced income by removing children from early childhood learning, reducing work commitments, moving residence to reduce living costs and accessing informal childcare arrangements...
January 22, 2018: Journal of Public Health Policy
Sharmila Devi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 13, 2018: Lancet
Pakestan Mohammad Amin, Jila Mirlashari, Alireza Nikbakht Nasrabadi
Background: Suicide is a major psychiatric emergency that has always been a topic of great interest to researchers. Self-immolation is a heinous suicide method that is common in Eastern societies. The present study was conducted to explore probable issues which might lead to self-immolation in young Kurdish Iraqi women. Methods: The present qualitative study was conducted in Soran, Erbil Governorate in Iraq, and the surrounding villages of Soran District (March 2015 to May 2016)...
January 2018: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
Alison Motluk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2018: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
Brad S Kahl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Clinical Advances in Hematology & Oncology: H&O
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"