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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226067/-drug-abuse-and-eating-disorders-in-women-symptoms-of-gender-discomfort
#1
Regina Helena Simões-Barbosa, Sônia Maria Dantas-Berger
The article discusses drug abuse and eating disorders from the critical gender and healthcare perspectives, postulating that subjective suffering can be expressed in the body through psychosomatic illnesses. From this perspective, craving for drugs or superfluous consumer goods, just as illness from self-imposed hunger in pursuit of an ideal of slimness, as in anorexia and bulimia, can be symptoms that expose the woman's suffering. A review in the fields of public health and feminist theories highlights the magnitude of the phenomena of medicalization and commodification of health in the psychiatrization of female discomfort...
February 13, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207329/longitudinal-patterns-and-predictors-of-depression-trajectories-related-to-the-2014-occupy-central-umbrella-movement-in-hong-kong
#2
Michael Yuxuan Ni, Tom Kung Leung Li, Herbert Hei Man Pang, Brandford Ho Yeung Chan, Ichiro Kawachi, Kasisomayajula Viswanath, Catherine Mary Schooling, Gabriel Matthew Leung
OBJECTIVES: To examine the longitudinal patterns and predictors of depression trajectories before, during, and after Hong Kong's 2014 Occupy Central/Umbrella Movement. METHODS: In a prospective study, between March 2009 and November 2015, we interviewed 1170 adults randomly sampled from the population-representative FAMILY Cohort. We used the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 to assess depressive symptoms and probable major depression. We investigated pre-event and time-varying predictors of depressive symptoms...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202158/conservative-protestantism-and-attitudes-toward-corporal-punishment-1986-2014
#3
John P Hoffmann, Christopher G Ellison, John P Bartkowski
Research indicates that conservative Protestants are highly supportive of corporal punishment. Yet, Americans' support for this practice has waned during the past several decades. This study aggregates repeated cross-sectional data from the General Social Surveys (GSS) to consider three models that address whether attitudes toward spanking among conservative Protestants shifted relative to those of other Americans from 1986 to 2014. Although initial results reveal a growing gap between conservative Protestants and the broader American public, we find that average levels of support have remained most robust among less educated conservative Protestants, with some erosion among more highly educated conservative Protestants...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199176/handling-protest-responses-in-contingent-valuation-surveys
#4
Mark Pennington, Manuel Gomes, Cam Donaldson
OBJECTIVES: Protest responses, whereby respondents refuse to state the value they place on the health gain, are commonly encountered in contingent valuation (CV) studies, and they tend to be excluded from analyses. Such an approach will be biased if protesters differ from non-protesters on characteristics that predict their responses. The Heckman selection model has been commonly used to adjust for protesters, but its underlying assumptions may be implausible in this context. We present a multiple imputation (MI) approach to appropriately address protest responses in CV studies, and compare it with the Heckman selection model...
February 1, 2017: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179681/academics-must-protest-against-trump-s-travel-ban-but-they-should-do-so-productively
#5
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156569/differences-in-self-care-behaviors-by-varying-levels-of-caregiving-intensity-performance-and-well-being-among-family-caregivers-of-patients-with-high-mortality-cancer
#6
Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Richard A Taylor, Gabrielle Betty Rocque, Andres Azuero, Aras Acemgil, Michelle Y Martin, Meka Astin, Deborah Ejem, Elizabeth Ann Kvale, Karen Heaton, Maria Pisu, Edward E Partridge, Marie Bakitas
: 239 Background: Family caregivers of high-mortality cancer patients perform vital tasks that deter from their own self-care. We aimed to determine differences in self-care behaviors by varying levels of caregiving intensity, well-being, and performance. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey conducted in community settings of 8 cancer centers in AL, FL, and TN. Two-hundred and ninety-four family caregivers of Medicare beneficiaries diagnosed with pancreatic, lung, brain, ovarian, head & neck, hematologic, or stage IV cancer completed measures of self-care behaviors, including health responsibility, physical activity, nutrition, spiritual growth, interpersonal relations, stress management, and sleep; anxiety and depression; health-related quality of life (HRQoL); caregiver competence and preparedness; and decision-making self-efficacy...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152072/attitudes-perceptions-and-knowledge-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-towards-the-blood-donation-deferral-policy-in-israel
#7
Itzchak Levy, Liraz Olmer, Yuval Livnat, Adir Yanko, Eilat Shinar
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are permanently deferred from donating blood in Israel. Pressure to change this policy exists, despite data showing higher prevalence and incidence of HIV in MSM. A survey was conducted to evaluate current knowledge, attitudes, perceptions and compliance if deferral was changed. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Anonymous survey was published in a gay-oriented website, collecting demographic information, history of blood donation, attitudes, knowledge and compliance with permanent versus temporary deferral...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146647/chaplains-working-in-palliative-care-who-they-are-and-what-they-do
#8
Jane Jeuland, George Fitchett, Dena Schulman-Green, Jennifer Kapo
BACKGROUND: Palliative care (PC) programs utilize chaplains to address patients' spiritual care needs; however, there is no comprehensive description of chaplaincy in PC programs nationally. OBJECTIVE: To describe chaplains working in PC across the United States, including their integration on the PC team and visit content. DESIGN: National online survey conducted February-April 2015. SUBJECTS: We invited participation from hospital-based chaplains belonging to four national professional chaplain associations who spent 15% or more of their working hours with PC teams...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144976/workers-compensation-claims-not-reported-in-the-survey-of-occupational-injuries-and-illnesses-injury-and-claim-characteristics
#9
Sara E Wuellner, Darrin A Adams, David K Bonauto
BACKGROUND: Underreporting in the nation's primary source of non-fatal occupational injury and illness data are well documented, but worker-level characteristics of unreported cases have not been fully explored. METHODS: Bureau of Labor Statistics' Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII) data were linked to Washington workers' compensation claims to identify injury and claim characteristics associated with unreported cases. Workers' compensation administrative date data were used to characterize timing of disability and SOII case eligibility...
February 1, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130692/comprehensive-sexuality-education-as-a-longitudinal-predictor-of-lgbtq-name-calling-and-perceived-willingness-to-intervene-in-school
#10
Laura Baams, Judith Semon Dubas, Marcel A G van Aken
Comprehensive sexuality education and sexuality education that is inclusive to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth is thought to educate and support youth in their social relations. Despite the obligation for Dutch schools to cover sexuality education in their curricula, including the topic of sexual diversity, the content that is covered varies widely across schools. With the current study, we present an overview of the content of sexuality education as reported by a sample of 601 Dutch adolescents (58...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128092/large-measles-epidemic-in-the-netherlands-may-2013-to-march-2014-changing-epidemiology
#11
Tom Woudenberg, Rob S van Binnendijk, Elisabeth A M Sanders, Jacco Wallinga, Hester E de Melker, Wilhelmina L M Ruijs, Susan J M Hahné
Since the early 1990s, the Netherlands has experienced several large measles epidemics, in 1992-94, 1999-2000 and in 2013-14. These outbreaks mainly affected orthodox Protestants, a geographically clustered population with overall lower measles-mumps-rubella first dose (MMR-1) vaccination coverage (60%) than the rest of the country (> 95%). In the 2013-14 epidemic described here, which occurred between 27 May 2013 and 12 March 2014, 2,700 cases were reported. Several control measures were implemented including MMR vaccination for 6-14-month-olds and recommendations to reduce the risk in healthcare workers...
January 19, 2017: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126101/the-republicanization-of-evangelical-protestants-in-the-united-states-an-examination-of-the-sources-of-political-realignment
#12
Philip Schwadel
Although the association between evangelical Protestant and Republican affiliations is now a fundamental aspect of American politics, this was not the case as recently as the early 1980s. Following work on secular political realignment and the issue evolution model of partisan change, I use four decades of repeated cross-sectional survey data to examine the dynamic correlates of evangelical Protestant and Republican affiliations, and how these factors promote changes in partisanship. Results show that evangelical Protestants have become relatively more likely to attend religious services and to oppose homosexuality, abortion, and welfare spending...
February 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125480/newscap-nurses-participated-last-november-in-protesting-the-dakota-access-pipeline-project
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125118/the-challenge-of-citizens-participation-in-health-systems-in-southern-europe-a-literature-review
#14
Ana Raquel Matos, Mauro Serapioni
The current article analyzes existing mechanisms for public participation in health systems in the countries of Southern Europe. Results are presented from a literature review focusing on public participation in health systems, highlighting the potentialities and challenges emerging from the principal national experiences in the respective countries: Spain, Greece, Italy, and Portugal. The article begins by characterizing the health systems, then presents the methodology followed by the results of the analysis in each country, emphasizing the different forms of participation, both institutionalized and non-institutionalized...
January 23, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120878/listeners-can-extract-meaning-from-non-linguistic-infant-vocalisations-cross-culturally
#15
Verena Kersken, Klaus Zuberbühler, Juan-Carlos Gomez
We present empirical evidence showing that the acoustic properties of non-linguistic vocalisations produced by human infants in different cultures can be used cross-culturally by listeners to make inferences about the infant's current behaviour. We recorded natural infant vocalisations in Scotland and Uganda in five social contexts; declarative pointing, giving an object, requesting an action, protesting, and requesting food. Using a playback paradigm, we tested parents and non-parents, who either had regular or no experience with young children, from Scotland and Uganda in their ability to match infant vocalisations of both cultures to their respective production contexts...
January 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115420/increase-in-vaccination-coverage-between-subsequent-generations-of-orthodox-protestants-in-the-netherlands
#16
D Henri Spaan, Wilhelmina L M Ruijs, Jeannine L A Hautvast, Alma Tostmann
BACKGROUND: The Netherlands experienced several outbreaks of vaccine preventable diseases, largely confined to an orthodox Protestant minority group. Based on religious arguments some orthodox Protestants accept vaccination, while others refuse. Their acceptance of vaccination, however, seems to be changing over time. We estimated vaccination coverage in subsequent generations of orthodox Protestants and identified determinants of the intention to vaccinate their (future) children. METHODS: In 2013 orthodox Protestants in the age of 18-40 years were invited to fill out an online questionnaire on their own vaccination status, vaccination status of their parents, the vaccination status or vaccination intention for their (future) children, and possible determinants of the intention to vaccinate (future) children...
January 23, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103979/-foreign-firms-and-dissemination-of-western-medicine-in-china-before-the-opium-war
#17
L P He, L Wang
From the beginning of the 19th century to the Opium War, by taking the advantages of free entering and departing China, and to protect themselves, the foreign firms introduced vaccination technique into China. This is the beginning of the introduction of western medicine to China. After 1807, following the arrival of protestant missionaries, foreign firms became the stronghold for the missionaries to conceal their missionary status so as to propagate the principles of Christianity. With the aid of the business firms employee's legal identity, the missionaries started their activities of delivering western medicines and practices...
November 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094654/protest-for-those-caring-for-civilians-in-syria
#18
(no author information available yet)
UK nurses and doctors staged a 'die in' outside the Houses of Parliament to call for protection for healthcare workers caring for civilians caught up in the war in Syria.
January 4, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094641/women-in-catholic-countries-are-less-likely-to-breastfeed
#19
(no author information available yet)
Women in Western Catholic countries are less likely to breastfeed than those from predominantly Protestant nations, a study suggests.
January 4, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092717/the-culture-war-modern-economics-and-environmental-education-in-the-united-states
#20
Eugene C Hargrove
Teaching ethics in public schools in the United States has been made almost impossible because of the Culture War and Modern Economics. When Catholics began to migrate to the United States in the early nineteenth century, they found that Protestant religion and ethics were taught in public schools and they created their own parochial schools. This controversy has continued for two hundred years. To encourage the Catholics to send their children to the public schools, by 1860 religion and ethics had been removed from the public schools...
September 2016: Cuadernos de Bioética: Revista Oficial de la Asociación Española de Bioética y Ética Médica
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