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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720461/doctors-protest-against-hostile-environment-immigration-policy-spreading-to-nhs
#1
Zosia Kmietowicz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718189/risk-factors-for-persisting-measles-susceptibility-a-case-control-study-among-unvaccinated-orthodox-protestants
#2
Anne C de Munter, Alma Tostmann, Susan J M Hahné, D Henri Spaan, Rijk van Ginkel, Wilhelmina L M Ruijs
Background: Measles is an infectious disease providing lifelong immunity. Epidemics periodically occur among unvaccinated orthodox Protestants in the Netherlands. During the 2013/2014 epidemic, 17% of the reported patients was over 14 years old. Apparently, they did not catch measles during the previous 1999/2000 epidemic and remained susceptible. We wanted to identify risk factors for this so-called persisting measles susceptibility, and thus risk factors for acquiring measles at older age with increased risk of complications...
April 30, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716456/who-decides-what-is-acceptable-speech-on-campus-why-restricting-free-speech-is-not-the-answer
#3
Stephen J Ceci, Wendy M Williams
Recent protests on dozens of campuses have led to the cancellation of controversial talks, and violence has accompanied several of these protests. Psychological science provides an important lens through which to view, understand, and potentially reduce these conflicts. In this article, we frame opposing sides' arguments within a long-standing corpus of psychological research on selective perception, confirmation bias, myside bias, illusion of understanding, blind-spot bias, groupthink/in-group bias, motivated skepticism, and naive realism...
May 2018: Perspectives on Psychological Science: a Journal of the Association for Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695483/anger-as-alfie-s-army-protests-outside-alder-hey
#4
Alison Shepherd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 25, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668754/divergent-discourse-between-protests-and-counter-protests-blacklivesmatter-and-alllivesmatter
#5
Ryan J Gallagher, Andrew J Reagan, Christopher M Danforth, Peter Sheridan Dodds
Since the shooting of Black teenager Michael Brown by White police officer Darren Wilson in Ferguson, Missouri, the protest hashtag #BlackLivesMatter has amplified critiques of extrajudicial killings of Black Americans. In response to #BlackLivesMatter, other Twitter users have adopted #AllLivesMatter, a counter-protest hashtag whose content argues that equal attention should be given to all lives regardless of race. Through a multi-level analysis of over 860,000 tweets, we study how these protests and counter-protests diverge by quantifying aspects of their discourse...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668684/pet-dogs-behavior-when-the-owner-and-an-unfamiliar-person-attend-to-a-faux-rival
#6
Emanuela Prato-Previde, Velia Nicotra, Annalisa Pelosi, Paola Valsecchi
While dog owners ascribe different emotions to their pets, including jealousy, research on secondary emotions in nonhuman animals is very limited and, so far, only one study has investigated jealousy in dogs (Canis familiaris). This work explores jealousy in dogs one step further. We conducted two studies adapting a procedure devised to assess jealousy in human infants. In each study 36 adult dogs were exposed to a situation in which their owner and a stranger ignored them while directing positive attention towards three different objects: a book, a puppet and a fake dog (Study 1: furry; Study 2: plastic)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642768/experiences-of-gender-based-violence-at-a-south-african-university-prevalence-and-effect-on-rape-myth-acceptance
#7
Gillian Finchilescu, Jackie Dugard
Instances of gender-based violence (GBV) on university campuses are rarely reported to the authorities. This makes it difficult to gauge the prevalence of this problem, which in turn affects efforts for prevention. This article describes a university-wide online survey aimed at assessing, first, the prevalence of GBV experienced by the three sectors in the community-students, academic and research staff, and professional/administrative staff. Many of the findings concurred with research elsewhere-students were the predominant victims of GBV; men were the main perpetrators; and instances of rape occurred mainly when the victim/survivor was under the influence of alcohol or drugs...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592821/preparing-for-campus-demonstrations-and-protests-four-key-focus-areas
#8
Darrell L Darnell
Over the past few years, the number of demonstrations and protests in Western countries has been increasing. These protests have tested the limits of free speech and expression, leading to individuals and groups attempting to, and in some cases succeeding in, shutting down speech with which they do not agree or find offensive. This has been particularly acute on college campuses, most notably at the University of California, Berkeley and Auburn University in Alabama, where speakers with far-right conservative views were forced to cancel their planned speeches because of safety and security concerns...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575950/discourses-of-professionalism-metaphors-theory-and-practice
#9
Matthew Jon Links, Tim Wilkinson, Craig Campbell
Professionalism is a contested concept and different discourses have differed by scope and epistemology. The theory of communicative action integrates epistemology (knowledge interests) with that of scope (lifeworld). AIM: To pragmatically inform learning of professionalism. METHODS: apply the theory of communicative action to professionalism discourses. RESULTS: Previous professionalism discourses translated into four frames: technical; communicative; improvement, and critical...
March 26, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572223/journal-retracts-article-for-plagiarism-after-editorial-board-members-resign-in-protest
#10
Owen Dyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548339/population-aging-and-migration-history-and-un-forecasts-in-the-eu-28-and-its-east-and-south-near-neighborhood-one-century-perspective-1950-2050
#11
Mihajlo Michael Jakovljevic, Yael Netz, Sandra C Buttigieg, Roza Adany, Ulrich Laaser, Mirjana Varjacic
BACKGROUND: There is a gap in knowledge on long term pace of population aging acceleration and related net-migration rate changes in WHO European Region and its adjacent MENA countries. We decided to compare European Union (EU-28) region with the EU Near Neighborhood Policy Region East and EU Near Neighborhood Policy Region South in terms of these two essential features of third demographic transition. One century long perspective dating back to both historical data and towards reliable future forecasts was observed...
March 16, 2018: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543128/the-extraordinary-case-of-russian-performance-artist-pyotr-pavlensky-psychopathology-or-contemporary-art
#12
Vladimir D Mendelevich
This article examines the psychiatric and political issues surrounding the case of the controversial Russian performance artist Pyotr Pavlensky, who received a number of court-ordered psychiatric evaluations as part of the legal actions initiated subsequent to his political protest actions. The author presents the results of his own clinical investigation into Pavlensky's case, arguing that previous diagnoses made by psychiatrists were unwarranted and unreasonable. This case draws the attention of experts to a problem: the need for more accurate criteria for the differentiation of behavioral disorders from behavior understood locally as socially-deviant...
January 1, 2018: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542710/police-probe-of-brazilian-marijuana-researcher-sparks-protests
#13
Claudio Angelo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536917/-dr-google-and-his-predecessors
#14
Annemarie Jutel
BACKGROUND: Contemporary medicine has expressed concern about lay incursions into the diagnostic process buttressed by commonly available medical information on line. Even while the world wide web is a new structure, there is a long historical precedent for this concern. With the emergence of scientific medicine in the late 19th century came a strong belief in the role of diagnosis, not only to explain disease symptoms but also to differentiate the physician from a range of other unreliable practitioners...
June 27, 2017: Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534463/association-between-socioeconomic-status-and-30-day-and-one-year-all-cause-mortality-after-surgery-in-south-korea
#15
Tak Kyu Oh, Kooknam Kim, Sang-Hwan Do, Jung-Won Hwang, Young-Tae Jeon
Preoperative socioeconomic status (SES) is associated with outcomes after surgery, although the effect on mortality may vary according to region. This retrospective study evaluated patients who underwent elective surgery at a tertiary hospital from 2011 to 2015 in South Korea. Preoperative SES factors (education, religion, marital status, and occupation) were evaluated for their association with 30-day and one-year all-cause mortality. The final analysis included 80,969 patients who were ≥30 years old, with 30-day mortality detected in 339 cases (0...
March 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514754/understanding-americans-abortion-attitudes-the-role-of-the-local-religious-context
#16
Amy Adamczyk, Margrét Valdimarsdóttir
Although abortion became legal over 40 years ago, Americans remain staunchly divided over its acceptability. Personal religious beliefs and behaviors have emerged as some of the most important factors shaping disapproval. Despite religion's importance, very little attention has been given to how the local religious context may shape views and abortion access. Using data from the General Social Survey (N = 6922) that has geographical identifiers, we examine the role of the local religious context for shaping attitudes and the presence of a county abortion clinic...
March 2018: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463496/scottish-gps-resign-from-bma-in-protest-at-new-contract
#17
Gareth Iacobucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2018: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455747/intergenerational-social-mobility-and-religious-ecology-disaggregating-the-conservative-protestant-bloc
#18
Joseph Clark, Samuel Stroope
We extend research on the effects of religious ecologies by examining the role of religious ecologies in intergenerational socioeconomic mobility. We do so first by providing a theoretical framework addressing the diverse cultural influences of religious traditions and their impact on intergenerational mobility. We argue that certain otherworldly orientations among conservative Protestants suppress mechanisms of upward mobility, and that there are meaningful distinctions between sub-groups of conservative Protestants (evangelicals, fundamentalists, and Pentecostals)...
February 2018: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447066/inaugurating-rationalization-three-field-studies-find-increased-rationalization-when-anticipated-realities-become-current
#19
Kristin Laurin
People will often rationalize the status quo, reconstruing it in an exaggeratedly positive light. They will even rationalize the status quo they anticipate, emphasizing the upsides and minimizing the downsides of sociopolitical realities they expect to take effect. Drawing on recent findings on the psychological triggers of rationalization, I present results from three field studies, one of which was preregistered, testing the hypothesis that an anticipated reality becoming current triggers an observable boost in people's rationalizations...
April 2018: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433759/why-the-history-of-public-consultation-matters-for-contemporary-health-policy
#20
Jennifer Crane
Contemporary policy debates construct public involvement in England's National Health Service as "new," or as a practice dating back only as far as the 1990s. This article argues that the longer historical contexts of such consultative practice matter, and it explores various and shifting manifestations of "consultation" in the NHS from the foundation of the Service in 1948. In doing so, it first demonstrates that consultation has always been a part of the theory and practice of postwar health policy...
March 2018: Endeavour
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