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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529300/yi-kwang-su-s-love-and-history-records-of-modern-hospital-under-the-japanese-colonial-period
#1
Byoung Hoon Lee
This article aims to evaluate and analyze the description of the modern hospital as history record, which appeared in YI Kwang Su's novel Love. This novel has mentioned in detail western style clinic, Bukgando Catholic hospital, tuberculosis sanitarium as its main space. Modern hospitals are depicted in the novel has a great significance in historical aspect as well as in literary aspect. The most data on modern hospital is laws, statistics and newspaper archives. These materials are a great help to understand the history and status of the modern hospital...
December 2016: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513397/congress-backs-summer-of-protest-over-pay
#2
Matthew Mckew
Nurses across the UK could be set for a historic summer of protest after an RCN poll revealed strong support for strikes over pay restraint. The college warned that unless the next government scraps the 1% pay cap it will hold a ballot on industrial action later this year, threatening the first ever members' strikes in the RCN's 100-year history.
May 17, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508396/three-year-olds-reactions-to-a-partner-s-failure-to-perform-her-role-in-a-joint-commitment
#3
Ulrike Kachel, Margarita Svetlova, Michael Tomasello
When children make a joint commitment to collaborate, obligations are created. Pairs of 3-year-old children (N = 144) made a joint commitment to play a game. In three different conditions the game was interrupted in the middle either because: (a) the partner child intentionally defected, (b) the partner child was ignorant about how to play, or (c) the apparatus broke. The subject child reacted differently in the three cases, protesting normatively against defection (with emotional arousal and later tattling), teaching when the partner seemed to be ignorant, or simply blaming the apparatus when it broke...
May 15, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504329/rediscovering-the-ritual-technology-of-the-placebo-effect-in-analytical-psychology
#4
Erik Goodwyn
Technology, viewed more generally, is a collection of skills and methods that are used to accomplish an objective of some kind. Modernity has produced many kinds of ever-expanding new technologies, but it is also evident that technologies can be lost or fall out of use. A cross-cultural survey of ritual reveals a rather startling observation: that while developed nations often exceed other cultures in terms of material technology, they often pale by comparison in their use of ritual technology. In this essay we will see how ritual is a powerful sort of technology that developed nations have mostly allowed to drift out of regular, vigorous use, despite its numerous psychological and biological effects...
June 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491046/-the-more-we-stand-for-the-more-we-fight-for-compatibility-and-legitimacy-in-the-effects-of-multiple-social-identities
#5
Maria Chayinska, Anca Minescu, Craig McGarty
This paper explores the expression of multiple social identities through coordinated collective action. We propose that perceived compatibility between potentially contrasting identities and perceived legitimacy of protest serve as catalysts for collective action. The present paper maps the context of the "Euromaidan" anti-regime protests in Ukraine and reports data (N = 996) collected through an online survey following legislation to ban protests (March-May, 2014). We measured participants' identification with three different groups (the Ukrainian nation, the online protest community, and the street movement), perception of compatibility between online protest and the street movement, perception of the legitimacy of protest, and intentions to take persuasive and confrontational collective action...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488798/a-comparison-of-sedimentary-dna-and-pollen-from-lake-sediments-in-recording-vegetation-composition-at-the-siberian-treeline
#6
Bastian Niemeyer, Laura S Epp, Kathleen R Stoof-Leichsenring, Luidmila A Pestryakova, Ulrike Herzschuh
Reliable information on past and present vegetation is important to project future changes, especially for rapidly transitioning areas such as the boreal treeline. To study past vegetation, pollen analysis is common, while current vegetation is usually assessed by field surveys. Application of detailed sedimentary DNA (sedDNA) records has the potential to enhance our understanding of vegetation changes, but studies systematically investigating the power of this proxy are rare to date. This study compares sedDNA metabarcoding and pollen records from surface sediments of 31 lakes along a north-south gradient of increasing forest cover in northern Siberia (Taymyr peninsula) with data from field surveys in the surroundings of the lakes...
May 10, 2017: Molecular Ecology Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482320/legal-rights-to-safe-abortion-knowledge-and-attitude-of-women-in-north-west-ethiopia-toward-the-current-ethiopian-abortion-law
#7
R Muzeyen, M Ayichiluhm, T Manyazewal
OBJECTIVE: To assess women's knowledge and attitude toward Ethiopian current abortion law. STUDY DESIGN: A quantitative, community-based cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Women of reproductive age in three selected lower districts in Bahir Dar, North-West Ethiopia, were included. Multi-stage simple random sampling and simple random sampling were used to select the districts and respondents, respectively. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire comprising questions related to knowledge and attitude toward legal status of abortion and cases where abortion is currently allowed by law in Ethiopia...
May 5, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463072/neoliberalism-and-austerity-in-spain-portugal-and-south-africa-the-revolution-of-older-persons
#8
Abigail Ornellas, Lambert K Engelbrecht, María-Asunción Martínez-Román, Juan Tortosa-Martínez, José Luís Casanova, Maria das Dores Guerreiro
In Portugal, Spain and South Africa, there has been a noted anti-neoliberal resistance, marked by the significant participation of the older generation in protest movements. Changing demographics, the global financial crisis, unemployment, poverty, and the reliance of the family nucleus on the pensioner, coupled with neoliberal and austerity-based reductions to welfare programmes, pensions, health, and social care, has caused the "silver revolution". As a population group that is often considered to be less politically active and robust members of society, such resistance is a noteworthy moment in society that needs to be considered and responded to...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453198/longitudinal-links-between-discrimination-and-civic-development-among-latino-and-asian-adolescents
#9
Parissa J Ballard
The transition from adolescence to adulthood is formative for civic development. Unfortunately, many adolescents from Latino and Asian backgrounds experience discrimination, which can alienate them from civic life. This study employed cross-lagged structural equation modeling to test the bidirectional links between perceived discrimination and civic beliefs and activism among Latino and Asian late adolescents (N = 400, Mage = 17.34, 61% female). Civic beliefs (i.e., believing that the government is unresponsive) and civic activism (i...
December 2016: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442195/changing-attitudes-about-spanking-among-conservative-christians-using-interventions-that-focus-on-empirical-research-evidence-and-progressive-biblical-interpretations
#10
Cindy Miller-Perrin, Robin Perrin
This study examined how interventions that include either empirical research evidence about spanking, progressive biblical interpretations, or both, affect attitudes and intentions about spanking. A sample of 129 college students (70% female; 30% male; Mage=19) attending a private, Christian university was randomly assigned to one of three intervention conditions: (1) Research Only, (2) Religion Only, or (3) Research and Religion. Four weeks prior to the intervention sessions, students completed a Demographic Form, the Religious Fundamentalism Scale, and the Attitudes Toward Spanking (ATS) scale...
April 22, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406222/hungary-s-protests-coral-bleaching-and-a-neutrino-anomaly
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398195/mass-fainting-in-garment-factories-in-cambodia
#12
Maurice Eisenbruch
This paper reports an ethnographic study of mass fainting among garment factory workers in Cambodia. Research was undertaken in 2010-2015 in 48 factories in Phnom Penh and 8 provinces. Data were collected in Khmer using nonprobability sampling. In participant observation with monks, factory managers, health workers, and affected women, cultural understandings were explored. One or more episodes of mass fainting occurred at 34 factories, of which 9 were triggered by spirit possession. Informants viewed the causes in the domains of ill-health/toxins and supernatural activities...
April 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369136/water-matters-an-assessment-of-opinion-on-water-management-and-community-engagement-in-the-republic-of-ireland-and-the-united-kingdom
#13
Alec Rolston, Eleanor Jennings, Suzanne Linnane
Internationally, water management is moving from the traditional top-down approach to more integrated initiatives focussing on community-led action. With inadequacies in previous engagement initiatives undertaken through the first cycle of River Basin Management Planning for the EU Water Framework Directive (WFD), the Republic of Ireland has only recently embraced this bottom-up approach. The attempted introduction of national charging for domestic water use in 2015 has resulted in significant public disquiet and protest movements against the national government...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357353/phosphatidylthreonine-an-exclusive-phospholipid-regulating-calcium-homeostasis-and-virulence-in-a-parasitic-protest
#14
EDITORIAL
Ruben D Arroyo-Olarte, Nishith Gupta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2016: Microbial Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343285/the-prevalence-and-antecedents-of-religious-beliefs-about-health-control-in-the-us-population-variations-by-race-and-religious-background
#15
R David Hayward, Neal Krause, Kenneth Pargament
The ways in which religious beliefs influence beliefs about health have important implications for motivation to engage in positive health behaviors and comply with medical treatment. This study examines the prevalence of two health-related religious beliefs: belief in healing miracles and deferral of responsibility for health outcomes to God. Data came from a representative nationwide US survey of religion and health (N = 3010). Full-factorial ANOVA indicated that there were significant differences in both dimensions of belief by race, by religious background, and by the interaction between the two...
March 25, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303462/congruence-and-the-biomonitoring-of-aquatic-ecosystems-are-odonate-larvae-or-adults-the-most-effective-for-the-evaluation-of-impacts
#16
T P Mendes, J M B Oliveira-Junior, H S R Cabette, J D Batista, L Juen
Odonata have been widely used as indicators for the biomonitoring of terrestrial and aquatic habitats due to their sensitivity to environmental impacts. We aimed to determine whether the larval or adult phases of these insects were the best predictors of variation in habitat parameters and the loss of environmental integrity. Specimens were collected during three seasons (dry, rainy, and ebb) from 12 points in the Suiá-missu River basin, at the headwaters of the Xingu River in Mato Grosso, Brazil. The Protest analysis indicated a high degree of congruence between the assemblages of larvae and adults in streams with varying degrees of habitat integrity (R = 0...
March 16, 2017: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302105/wife-beating-refusal-among-women-of-reproductive-age-in-urban-and-rural-ethiopia
#17
Eshetu Gurmu, Senait Endale
BACKGROUND: Wife beating is the most common and widespread form of intimate partner violence in Ethiopia. It results in countless severe health, socio-economic and psychological problems and has contributed to the violation of human rights including the liberty of women to enjoy conjugal life. The main purpose of this study is to assess the levels and patterns of wife beating refusal and its associated socio-cultural and demographic factors in rural and urban Ethiopia. METHODS: The 2011 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) data based on 11,097 and 5287 women in the reproductive age group (i...
March 16, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285043/young-children-mostly-keep-and-expect-others-to-keep-their-promises
#18
Patricia Kanngiesser, Bahar Köymen, Michael Tomasello
Promises are speech acts that create an obligation to do the promised action. In three studies, we investigated whether 3- and 5-year-olds (N=278) understand the normative implications of promising in prosocial interactions. In Study 1, children helped a partner who promised to share stickers. When the partner failed to uphold the promise, 3- and 5-year-olds protested and referred to promise norms. In Study 2, when children in this same age range were asked to promise to continue a cleaning task-and they agreed-they persisted longer on the task and mentioned their obligation more frequently than without such a promise...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279905/does-equality-legislation-reduce-intergroup-differences-religious-affiliation-socio-economic-status-and-mortality-in-scotland-and-northern-ireland-a-cohort-study-of-400-000-people
#19
David M Wright, Michael Rosato, Gillian Raab, Chris Dibben, Paul Boyle, Dermot O'Reilly
Religion frequently indicates membership of socio-ethnic groups with distinct health behaviours and mortality risk. Determining the extent to which interactions between groups contribute to variation in mortality is often challenging. We compared socio-economic status (SES) and mortality rates of Protestants and Catholics in Scotland and Northern Ireland, regions in which interactions between groups are profoundly different. Crucially, strong equality legislation has been in place for much longer and Catholics form a larger minority in Northern Ireland...
May 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278568/phosphatidylethanol-confirmed-alcohol-use-among-art-na%C3%A3-ve-hiv-infected-persons-who-denied-consumption-in-rural-uganda
#20
Winnie R Muyindike, Christine Lloyd-Travaglini, Robin Fatch, Nneka I Emenyonu, Julian Adong, Christine Ngabirano, Debbie M Cheng, Michael R Winter, Jeffrey H Samet, Judith A Hahn
Under-reporting of alcohol use by HIV-infected patients could adversely impact clinical care. This study examined factors associated with under-reporting of alcohol consumption by patients who denied alcohol use in clinical and research settings using an alcohol biomarker. We enrolled ART-naïve, HIV-infected adults at Mbarara Hospital HIV clinic in Uganda. We conducted baseline interviews on alcohol use, demographics, Spirituality and Religiosity Index (SRI), health and functional status; and tested for breath alcohol content and collected blood for phosphatidylethanol (PEth), a sensitive and specific biomarker of alcohol use...
February 13, 2017: AIDS Care
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