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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640673/the-end-of-written-informed-consent-for-hiv-testing-not-with-a-bang-but-a-whimper
#1
Ronald Bayer, Morgan Philbin, Robert H Remien
In 2014, only two states in the United States still mandated specific written informed consent for HIV testing and, after years of controversy, New York ended this requirement, leaving only Nebraska. New York's shift to opt-out testing meant that a singular feature of what had characterized the exceptionalism surrounding HIV testing was eliminated. We trace the history of debates on written informed consent nationally and in New York State. Over the years of dispute from when HIV testing was initiated in 1985 to 2014, the evidence about the benefits and burdens of written informed consent changed...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632412/not-practicing-what-you-preach-religion-and-incongruence-between-pornography-beliefs-and-usage
#2
Samuel L Perry
Religious Americans, and conservative Protestants in particular, have historically been the most ardent opponents of pornography's production, dissemination, and use. Yet while religiously committed and theologically conservative Americans are generally less likely to view pornography than others, the difference is often not as great or consistent as one might suppose given their strong moral stance. Drawing on insights from religious incongruence theory, this study considered whether religious commitment and theological conservatism predicted a greater incongruence between what Americans say they believe about pornography morally and whether they actually watch it...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630291/global-sustainable-development-priorities-500-y-after-luther-sola-schola-et-sanitate
#3
Wolfgang Lutz
Martin Luther succinctly summarized his theology in sola statements, such as sola scriptura, viewing the Bible (scriptura) as the only valid source of information about God rather than what he viewed as the extraneous, corrupting church doctrine of the time. As a secular side effect of this focus on individual reading skills, the Protestant territories were the first to acquire high literacy rates, which subsequently fostered health, economic growth, and good governance. Here I argue that a similar priority focus on empowerment of all segments of all populations through education and health (sola schola et sanitate) is needed today for sustainable development...
June 19, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610499/nursingstandard-com
#4
(no author information available yet)
1. The new government has 'one last chance' to scrap its 1% nurse pay cap, the RCN warned as the UK woke up to news of a hung parliament last week following the general election. Read more: rcni.com/protest-threats.
June 14, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606083/the-spiritual-history-in-outpatient-practice-attitudes-and-practices-of-health-professionals-in-the-adventist-health-system
#5
Harold G Koenig, Kathleen Perno, Ted Hamilton
BACKGROUND: A screening spiritual history (SSH) is how health professionals (HP) identify patients' spiritual values, beliefs and preferences (VBPs) in the outpatient setting. We report on attitudes and practices of HPs in the largest Protestant health system in the U.S., the Adventist Health System (AHS). METHOD: Physicians or mid-level practitioners (N = 1082) in AHS-affiliated practices were approached and 513 (47%) agreed to participate. Participants were asked to identify a "spiritual care coordinator" (nurse/staff) and complete a questionnaire that assessed demographics, practice characteristics, religious involvement, and attitudes/practices concerning the SSH...
June 12, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604228/a-developmental-model-of-clergy-engagement-with-suicide
#6
Karen Mason, Monica Geist, Mollie Clark
Clergy have a key role in suicide prevention but report being undertrained, perhaps because a model that captures the competencies needed to engage suicide in faith communities and how these skills develop has not previously been available. Using grounded theory, this study addressed this gap by generating a developmental rubric based on interviews with 19 Protestant clergy, which were analyzed using a constant comparative method and were checked by interviewees operating at the highest level of development...
January 1, 2017: Omega
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604017/religion-repulsion-and-reaction-formation-transforming-repellent-attractions-and-repulsions
#7
Dov Cohen, Emily Kim, Nathan W Hudson
Protestants were more likely than non-Protestants to demonstrate phenomena consistent with the use of reaction formation. Lab experiments showed that when manipulations were designed to produce taboo attractions (to unconventional sexual practices), Protestants instead showed greater repulsion. When implicitly conditioned to produce taboo repulsions (to African Americans), Protestants instead showed greater attraction. Supportive evidence from other studies came from clinicians' judgments, defense mechanism inventories, and a survey of respondent attitudes...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599778/how-social-media-matter-repression-and-the-diffusion-of-the-occupy-wall-street-movement
#8
Chan S Suh, Ion Bogdan Vasi, Paul Y Chang
This study explores the role played by social media in reshaping the repression-mobilization relationship. Drawing on the case of the Occupy Wall Street movement, we examine the impact of Facebook and Twitter on the spatial diffusion of protests during a period of heightened state repression. Results from event history analyses suggest that the effects of repression on protest diffusion are contingent on the presence of social media accounts supporting the movement. We find that state repression at earlier protest sites encouraged activists to create Facebook and Twitter accounts in their own cities, which then served as important vehicles for the initiation of new Occupy protests...
July 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596708/riots-of-the-other-an-analysis-of-societal-reactions-to-contemporary-riots-in-disadvantaged-neighbourhoods-in-the-netherlands
#9
Abdessamad Bouabid
In this article I argue that there has been a change in the dynamics of riots in the Netherlands from the escalated political protests of the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s to public disturbances in disadvantaged neighbourhoods that lack a clearly articulated political component in the last two decades. This article examines the societal reactions such recent 'riots' evoke and the means by which the demarcated autonomous and exogenous groups are designated as 'the rioters' through a process of 'Othering'. It examines the 2007 'Slotervaart riot' as an exemplary case of such recent 'riots' in the Netherlands...
November 2016: Eur J Criminol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588983/breast-feeding-initiation-rate-across-western-countries-does-religion-matter-an-ecological-study
#10
Jonathan Y Bernard, Emmanuel Cohen, Michael S Kramer
BACKGROUND: Breast feeding initiation rates remain below 80% in some Western countries. Many individual-level determinants are known; however, less is known regarding cultural and societal determinants, such as religion, that could explain population-level variations. We examined the correlations of the proportions of Catholics and Protestants with the breast feeding initiation rates across and within Western countries. METHODS: Using publicly available data, we carried out an ecological study comparing the proportions of Catholics and Protestants with the rates of breast feeding initiation...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574679/depiction-of-a-17th-century-tooth-extraction-a-drawing-by-adriaen-pietersz-van-de-venne-dutch-1589-1662
#11
David A Chernin
A prolific and inventive painter, draftsman, and poet, Adriaen Pietersz van de Venne was born in Delft in 1589. His wealthy parents had fled from Protestant persecution in the Southern (Spanish) Netherlands during the 1580s. Van de Venne was educated in Leiden, where he became part of the vibrant political and intellectual community around the University. He settled in Middleburg, in Zeeland, by 1614; his earliest dated paintings are also from this year. In 1625, van de Venne moved to The Hague, where he remained until his dealth...
2017: Journal of the History of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555316/the-relationship-between-spirituality-religiousness-and-unhealthy-alcohol-use-among-hiv-infected-adults-in-southwestern-uganda
#12
Julian Adong, Christina Lindan, Robin Fatch, Nneka I Emenyonu, Winnie R Muyindike, Christine Ngabirano, Michael R Winter, Christine Lloyd-Travaglini, Jeffrey H Samet, Debbie M Cheng, Judith A Hahn
HIV and alcohol use are two serious and co-existing problems in sub-Saharan Africa. We examined the relationship between spirituality and/or religiousness (SR) and unhealthy alcohol use among treatment-naïve HIV-infected adults attending the HIV clinic in Mbarara, Uganda. Unhealthy alcohol was defined as having either an alcohol use disorders identification test-consumption score of ≥4 for men or ≥3 for women, or having a phosphatidylethanol level of ≥50 ng/ml based on analysis of dried bloodspot specimens...
May 29, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554286/rcn-to-ballot-for-industrial-action-if-pay-cap-remains
#13
Stephanie Jones-Berry
RCN president Cecilia Anim (pictured) has urged nurses to make their voices heard following the announcement of a summer of protest over pay.
May 30, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529300/yi-kwang-su-s-love-and-history-records-of-modern-hospital-under-the-japanese-colonial-period
#14
Byoung Hoon Lee
This article aims to evaluate and analyze the description of the modern hospital as history record, which appeared in YI Kwang Su's novel Love. This novel has mentioned in detail western style clinic, Bukgando Catholic hospital, tuberculosis sanitarium as its main space. Modern hospitals are depicted in the novel has a great significance in historical aspect as well as in literary aspect. The most data on modern hospital is laws, statistics and newspaper archives. These materials are a great help to understand the history and status of the modern hospital...
December 2016: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513397/congress-backs-summer-of-protest-over-pay
#15
Matthew Mckew
Nurses across the UK could be set for a historic summer of protest after an RCN poll revealed strong support for strikes over pay restraint. The college warned that unless the next government scraps the 1% pay cap it will hold a ballot on industrial action later this year, threatening the first ever members' strikes in the RCN's 100-year history.
May 17, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508396/three-year-olds-reactions-to-a-partner-s-failure-to-perform-her-role-in-a-joint-commitment
#16
Ulrike Kachel, Margarita Svetlova, Michael Tomasello
When children make a joint commitment to collaborate, obligations are created. Pairs of 3-year-old children (N = 144) made a joint commitment to play a game. In three different conditions the game was interrupted in the middle either because: (a) the partner child intentionally defected, (b) the partner child was ignorant about how to play, or (c) the apparatus broke. The subject child reacted differently in the three cases, protesting normatively against defection (with emotional arousal and later tattling), teaching when the partner seemed to be ignorant, or simply blaming the apparatus when it broke...
May 15, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504329/rediscovering-the-ritual-technology-of-the-placebo-effect-in-analytical-psychology
#17
Erik Goodwyn
Technology, viewed more generally, is a collection of skills and methods that are used to accomplish an objective of some kind. Modernity has produced many kinds of ever-expanding new technologies, but it is also evident that technologies can be lost or fall out of use. A cross-cultural survey of ritual reveals a rather startling observation: that while developed nations often exceed other cultures in terms of material technology, they often pale by comparison in their use of ritual technology. In this essay we will see how ritual is a powerful sort of technology that developed nations have mostly allowed to drift out of regular, vigorous use, despite its numerous psychological and biological effects...
June 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491046/-the-more-we-stand-for-the-more-we-fight-for-compatibility-and-legitimacy-in-the-effects-of-multiple-social-identities
#18
Maria Chayinska, Anca Minescu, Craig McGarty
This paper explores the expression of multiple social identities through coordinated collective action. We propose that perceived compatibility between potentially contrasting identities and perceived legitimacy of protest serve as catalysts for collective action. The present paper maps the context of the "Euromaidan" anti-regime protests in Ukraine and reports data (N = 996) collected through an online survey following legislation to ban protests (March-May, 2014). We measured participants' identification with three different groups (the Ukrainian nation, the online protest community, and the street movement), perception of compatibility between online protest and the street movement, perception of the legitimacy of protest, and intentions to take persuasive and confrontational collective action...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488798/a-comparison-of-sedimentary-dna-and-pollen-from-lake-sediments-in-recording-vegetation-composition-at-the-siberian-treeline
#19
Bastian Niemeyer, Laura S Epp, Kathleen R Stoof-Leichsenring, Luidmila A Pestryakova, Ulrike Herzschuh
Reliable information on past and present vegetation is important to project future changes, especially for rapidly transitioning areas such as the boreal treeline. To study past vegetation, pollen analysis is common, while current vegetation is usually assessed by field surveys. Application of detailed sedimentary DNA (sedDNA) records has the potential to enhance our understanding of vegetation changes, but studies systematically investigating the power of this proxy are rare to date. This study compares sedDNA metabarcoding and pollen records from surface sediments of 31 lakes along a north-south gradient of increasing forest cover in northern Siberia (Taymyr peninsula) with data from field surveys in the surroundings of the lakes...
May 10, 2017: Molecular Ecology Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482320/legal-rights-to-safe-abortion-knowledge-and-attitude-of-women-in-north-west-ethiopia-toward-the-current-ethiopian-abortion-law
#20
R Muzeyen, M Ayichiluhm, T Manyazewal
OBJECTIVE: To assess women's knowledge and attitude toward Ethiopian current abortion law. STUDY DESIGN: A quantitative, community-based cross-sectional survey. METHODS: Women of reproductive age in three selected lower districts in Bahir Dar, North-West Ethiopia, were included. Multi-stage simple random sampling and simple random sampling were used to select the districts and respondents, respectively. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire comprising questions related to knowledge and attitude toward legal status of abortion and cases where abortion is currently allowed by law in Ethiopia...
July 2017: Public Health
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