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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933441/scientists-sexual-harassment-case-sparks-protests-at-university-of-rochester
#1
Alexandra Witze
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914142/theorizing-and-measuring-religiosity-across-cultures
#2
Adam B Cohen, Gina L Mazza, Kathryn A Johnson, Craig K Enders, Carolyn M Warner, Michael H Pasek, Jonathan E Cook
For almost 50 years, psychologists have been theorizing about and measuring religiosity essentially the way Gordon Allport did, when he distinguished between intrinsic and extrinsic religiosity. However, there is a historical debate regarding what this scale actually measures, which items should be included, and how many factors or subscales exist. To provide more definitive answers, we estimated a series of confirmatory factor analysis models comparing four competing theories for how to score Gorsuch and McPherson's commonly used measure of intrinsic and extrinsic religiosity...
August 1, 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903692/authoritarianism-institutional-confidence-and-willingness-to-engage-in-collective-action-a-multinational-analysis
#3
Elliot Weiner, Christopher M Federico
The antecedents of collective action have received considerable attention in psychology, political science, and sociology. However, few studies have addressed the extent to which individual differences in psychological needs, motives, and traits predict collective action tendencies. In the present study, we focus on an especially important individual difference: authoritarianism. We examined three key hypotheses: (1) that authoritarianism would be associated with lower willingness to engage in collective action (net of other factors known to predict protest), (2) that the negative relationship between authoritarianism and collective action would be stronger among the politically engaged; and (3) that the negative relationship between authoritarianism and collective action would be weaker among those who lacked confidence in major social institutions...
March 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900753/fertility-treatment-for-the-transgender-community-a-public-opinion-study
#4
Randi H Goldman, Daniel J Kaser, Stacey A Missmer, Leslie V Farland, Scout, Rachel K Ashby, Elizabeth S Ginsburg
PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to evaluate public opinion regarding fertility treatment and gamete cryopreservation for transgender individuals and identify how support varies by demographic characteristics. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional web-based survey study completed by a representative sample of 1111 US residents aged 18-75 years. Logistic regression was used to calculate odd ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of support for/opposition to fertility treatments for transgender people by demographic characteristics, adjusting a priori for age, gender, race, and having a biological child...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899138/un-homme-manqu%C3%A3-freud-s-engagement-with-alfred-adler-s-masculine-protest-commentary-on-balsam
#5
Leon Hoffman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888294/occupy-the-government-analyzing-presidential-and-congressional-discursive-response-to-movement-repression
#6
Joshua Gary Mausolf
I examine the role of Occupy Wall Street in shifting presidential and congressional discourse on economic fairness and inequality. Using data from 4646 presidential speeches and 1256 congressional records from 2009 to 2015, I test different mechanisms, including repression, media coverage, public opinion, and presidential agenda-setting by applying a novel combination of web scraping, natural language processing, and time series models. I suggest that movement success can be measured in its ability to shape discursive opportunity structures, and I argue that the role of the president should be at the forefront of social movements research...
September 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888283/in-home-firearm-access-among-us-adolescents-and-the-role-of-religious-subculture-results-from-a-nationally-representative-study
#7
Samuel Stroope, Joshua C Tom
Religious participation is linked to numerous positive safety outcomes for adolescents. Scant attention, however, has been paid to associations between religious participation and safety risks among adolescents. Using data from Add Health (N = 18,449), a nationally representative school-based sample of US adolescents, this study examines the relationship between adolescents' religious affiliation and easy access to firearms at home. Regression analyses adjust for complex sampling design and compare easy firearm access at home among conservative Protestant adolescents to adolescent firearm access in other religious traditions...
September 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885134/gay-seouls-expanding-religious-spaces-for-non-heterosexuals-in-south-korea
#8
Joseph Yi, Gowoon Jung, Saul Serna Segura, Joe Phillips, Jerry Z Park
What sorts of Protestant Christian congregations offer space for worship and dialogue among persons with different sexual orientations? The academic literature finds or assumes that non-heterosexuals are stigmatized or invisible in theologically conservative congregations and are welcomed in progressive, affirming congregations. This article develops an alternative claim that some conservative or evangelical congregations offer attractive spaces for many non-heterosexuals to worship and dialogue. We illustrate with an exploratory study of four, inclusive congregations in South Korea-two theologically progressive, two evangelical-whose pastors welcomed everybody regardless of sexual orientation or gender identity...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882679/measuring-oral-contraceptive-adherence-using-self-report-versus-pharmacy-claims-data
#9
Hallie N Nelson, Sonya Borrero, Erik Lehman, Diana L Velott, Cynthia H Chuang
OBJECTIVE: Proportion of Days Covered (PDC) is a measure of medication adherence that uses prescription claims data to describe the proportion of days that the patient possessed medication. The objective of this study is to compare PDC and self-report as measures of oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) adherence and to identify individual-level predictors of adherence. STUDY DESIGN: In a sample of 384 OCP users, self-report was compared with PDC as measures of adherence over the past three months...
September 4, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881262/young-children-are-more-willing-to-accept-group-decisions-in-which-they-have-had-a-voice
#10
Patricia Grocke, Federico Rossano, Michael Tomasello
People accept an unequal distribution of resources if they judge that the decision-making process was fair. In this study, 3- and 5-year-old children played an allocation game with two puppets. The puppets decided against a fair distribution in all conditions, but they allowed children to have various degrees of participation in the decision-making process. Children of both ages protested less when they were first asked to agree with the puppets' decision compared with when there was no agreement. When ignored, the younger children protested less than the older children-perhaps because they did not expect to have a say in the process-whereas they protested more when they were given an opportunity to voice their opinion-perhaps because their stated opinion was ignored...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876992/curricular-renewal-at-the-southern-tip-of-africa-the-2016-veterinary-curriculum-at-the-university-of-pretoria
#11
Peter C Irons, Dietmar E Holm, C Henry Annandale
Four years after the institution of a new curriculum at the University of Pretoria's Faculty of Veterinary Science, a second major curricular renewal was initiated as a result of several pressing drivers, many of which were unique to the national and institutional context. During the project, South African higher education was disrupted by student protests prompted by financial pressures on students, the overt colonial structure of higher education, and the need to accelerate transformation of the sector. A structured curricular renewal process was followed, including the laying down of the principles, the structuring the macro-curriculum as a story, the design of a meso- and micro-curriculum, and the mapping of the curriculum to Day One outcomes...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875873/south-african-student-protests-2015%C3%A2-2016-the-aftermath-viewed-through-medical-science-honours-students-at-the-university-of-cape-town
#12
C Dandara, E R Chimusa, A Wonkam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 25, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859568/a-brief-note-on-the-history-of-psychosurgery-in-japan
#13
Jiro Nudeshima, Takaomi Taira
In Japan, there has been no neurosurgical treatment for psychiatric disorders since the 1970s. Even deep brain stimulation (DBS) has not been studied or used for psychiatric disorders. Neurosurgery for psychiatric disorders has been thwarted by social taboos for many years, and psychiatrists today seem to simply ignore modern developments and therapies offered by neurosurgery such as DBS. As a result, most patients and their families do not know such "last-resort" options exist. Historically, as in other countries, frontal lobotomies were widely performed in Japan in the 1940s and 1950s, and some Japanese neurosurgeons used stereotactic methods for the treatment of psychiatric disorders until the 1960s...
September 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858324/us-science-envoy-resigns-in-protest-at-trump-policies
#14
Jeff Tollefson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 23, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853651/summer-of-protest-message-is-getting-through
#15
Nick Lipley
Nursing Management subscribers are receiving print copies of the September issue just days before the RCN's latest move in its Scrap the Cap pay campaign, its 'biggest ever UK rally', in London on Wednesday 6 September. According to general secretary Janet Davies, the 'summer of protest' message is getting through.
August 30, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836802/what-inverted-u-can-do-for-your-country-a-curvilinear-relationship-between-confidence-in-the-social-system-and-political-engagement
#16
Aleksandra Cichocka, Paulina Górska, John T Jost, Robbie M Sutton, Michał Bilewicz
We examined the link between political engagement and the tendency to justify the sociopolitical system. On one hand, confidence in the system should be negatively related to political engagement, insofar as it entails reduced desire for social change; on the other hand, system confidence should also be positively related to political engagement to the extent that it carries an assumption that the system is responsive to citizens' political efforts. Because of the combination of these 2 opposing forces, the motivation for political engagement should be highest at intermediate levels of system confidence...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836605/ecologists-protest-australia-s-plans-to-cut-funding-for-environment-monitoring-network
#17
Nicky Phillips
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 14, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834324/use-of-spiritual-coping-strategies-by-gender-race-ethnicity-and-religion-at-1-and-3-months-after-infant-s-child-s-intensive-care-unit-death
#18
Dawn M Hawthorne, JoAnne M Youngblut, Dorothy Brooten
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In the United States, 57,000 children (newborn to 18 years) die annually. Bereaved parents may rely on religious or spiritual beliefs in their grief. The study's purpose was to examine differences in parents' use of spiritual and religious coping practices by gender, race/ethnicity, and religion at 1 and 3 months after infant/ICU death. METHODS: The sample consisted of 165 bereaved parents, 78% minority. The Spiritual Coping Strategies Scale was used to measure religious and spiritual coping practices, separately...
August 23, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828037/concordance-of-the-indian-mental-healthcare-act-2017-with-the-world-health-organization-s-checklist-on-mental-health-legislation
#19
Richard M Duffy, Brendan D Kelly
BACKGROUND: India is revising its mental health legislation with the Indian Mental Healthcare Act 2017 (IMHA). When implemented, this legislation will apply to over 1.25 billion people. In 2005, the World Health Organization (WHO) published a Resource Book (WHO-RB) on mental health, human rights and legislation, including a checklist of 175 specific items to be addressed in mental health legislation or policy in individual countries. Even following the publication of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) (2006), the WHO-RB remains the most comprehensive checklist for mental health legislation available, rooted in UN and WHO documents and providing the most systematic, detailed framework for human rights analysis of mental health legislation...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822869/a-review-of-terrorism-and-its-reduction-of-the-gender-ratio-at-birth-after-seasonal-adjustment
#20
Victor Grech, Dorota Zammit
BACKGROUND: Males are born in excess of females, a ratio expressed as M/T (males:total births). The ratio exhibits seasonal variation. Furthermore, acute stressful events may result in a transient dip in male births due to excess foetal losses, reducing M/T. AIMS: This study was carried out in order to identify significant M/T dips after adjusting for seasonality. STUDY DESIGN: Live births by gender and month were sought for acute stressful events...
August 17, 2017: Early Human Development
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