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"Problem based learning"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783526/strategies-used-for-the-promotion-of-critical-thinking-in-nursing-undergraduate-education-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Diana P S R P Carvalho, Isabelle C Azevedo, Giovanna K P Cruz, Gabriela A C Mafra, Anna L C Rego, Allyne F Vitor, Viviane E P Santos, Ana L P Cogo, Marcos A Ferreira Júnior
OBJECTIVE: Identifying the strategies used to promote critical thinking (CT) during undergraduate education in nursing courses. DESIGN: Systematic review. SOURCE OF DATA: Five electronic databases were searched without language, publication time or geographic filters. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature. Including experimental studies that considered at least one teaching strategy to promote critical thinking of undergraduate students in Nursing courses...
July 29, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768952/evaluation-of-an-evidence-based-medicine-educational-program-for-pharmacists-and-pharmacy-students
#2
Tadashi Shimizu, Masahiro Ueda, Mikoto Toyoyama, Shiho Ohmori, Nobumasa Takagaki
 This study evaluated the effect of an evidence-based medicine (EBM) educational program on EBM-related knowledge and skills of pharmacists and pharmacy students. Our preliminary educational program included the following four sessions: 1) ice breaker, 2) formulation of answerable clinical questions from virtual clinical scenario using the PICO criteria, 3) critical appraisal of the literature using a checklist, and 4) critical appraisal of the results and integrating the evidence with experience and patients values...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768111/providing-pediatric-palliative-care-education-using-problem-based-learning
#3
Karen Moody, Marlene McHugh, Rebecca Baker, Hillel Cohen, Priya Pinto, Stephanie Deutsch, Ruth O Santizo, Miriam Schechter, James Fausto, Pablo Joo
BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine and the American Academy of Pediatrics has called for improvement in education and training of pediatricians in pediatric palliative care (PPC). Given the shortage of PPC physicians and the immediate need for PPC medical education, this study reports the outcomes of a problem-based learning (PBL) module facilitated by academic general and subspecialty pediatric faculty (non-PPC specialists) to third year medical students. Objectives/Setting: To test the effectiveness of a PPC-PBL module on third year medical students' and pediatric faculty's declarative knowledge, attitudes toward, perceived exposure, and self-assessed competency in PPC objectives...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765438/dental-faculty-members-pedagogic-beliefs-and-curriculum-aims-in-problem-based-learning-an-exploratory-study
#4
HsingChi von Bergmann, Judith Walker, Kirsten R Dalrymple, Charles F Shuler
The aims of this exploratory study were to explore dental faculty members' views and beliefs regarding knowledge, the dental profession, and teaching and learning and to determine how these views related to their problem-based learning (PBL) instructional practices. Prior to a PBL in dental education conference held in 2011, all attendees were invited to complete a survey focused on their pedagogical beliefs and practices in PBL. Out of a possible 55 participants, 28 responded. Additionally, during the conference, a forum was held in which preliminary survey findings were shared and participants contributed to focus group data collection...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748015/evaluation-of-problem-based-learning-curriculum-implementation-in-a-clerkship-rotation-of-a-newly-established-african-medical-training-institution-lessons-from-the-university-of-botswana
#5
Stephane Tshitenge Tshitenge, Chiratidzo Ellen Ndhlovu, Radiance Ogundipe
INTRODUCTION: Problem-based Learning (PBL) curricula, like all curricula, require systematic evaluation as there is a risk of implementing a dysfunctional PBL curriculum. The study intended to evaluate the PBL curriculum delivery from the perspective of the clerkship students at the University of Botswana-Faculty of Medicine. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among clerkship students in Family Medicine, Paediatrics, Internal Medicine and Surgery. During a 4-week period, each respondent completed weekly a questionnaire based survey tool...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724281/the-virtual-asthma-guideline-e-learning-program-learning-effectiveness-and-user-satisfaction
#6
Sung-Yoon Kang, Sae-Hoon Kim, Yong-Eun Kwon, Tae-Bum Kim, Hye-Kyung Park, Heung-Woo Park, Yoon-Seok Chang, Young-Koo Jee, Hee-Bom Moon, Kyung-Up Min, Sang-Heon Cho
Background/Aims: Effective educational tools are important for increasing adherence to asthma guidelines and clinical improvement of asthma patients. We developed a computer-based interactive education program for asthma guideline named the Virtual Learning Center for Asthma Management (VLCAM). We evaluated the usefulness of program in terms of its effects on user awareness of asthma guideline and level of satisfaction. Methods: Physicians-in-training at tertiary hospitals in Korea were enrolled in a cross-sectional questionnaire survey...
July 21, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720423/undergraduate-clinical-teaching-in-orthopedic-surgery-a-randomized-control-trial-comparing-the-effect-of-case-based-teaching-and-bedside-teaching-on-musculoskeletal-osce-performance
#7
Martin Kelly, Iain Feeley, Fiona Boland, John M O'Byrne
INTRODUCTION: Musculoskeletal (MSK) complaints are the second most common reason for a hospital outpatient appointment in the US, and account for 19.5% of general practice consultations. Previous studies have shown that passive teaching in medical school does not imbue students with an adequate degree of confidence in MSK evaluation. The aim of this study was to conduct a randomized control trial to compare the effect of the gold standard small group tutorial of bedside teaching against case-based teaching (CBT) in relation to orthopedic surgery in medical students...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707636/implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-patient-safety-course-in-a-problem-based-learning-program
#8
Sarah Ahmed Eltony, Nahla Hassan El-Sayed, Shimaa El-Sayed El-Araby, Salah Eldin Kassab
BACKGROUND: Since the development of the WHO patient safety curriculum guide, there has been insufficient reporting regarding the implementation and evaluation of patient safety courses in undergraduate problem-based learning (PBL) programs. This study is designed to implement a patient safety course to undergraduate students in a PBL medical school and evaluate this course by examining its effects on students' knowledge and satisfaction. METHODS: The target population included year 6 medical students (n = 71) at the Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University in Egypt...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707630/how-innovative-and-conventional-curricula-prepare-medical-students-for-practice-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-comparative-study-from-mozambique
#9
Janneke M Frambach, Beatriz A F Manuel, Afonso M T Fumo, Bernard Groosjohan, Cees P M Van Der Vleuten, Erik W Driessen
BACKGROUND: Medical education in Sub-Saharan Africa is in need of reform to promote the number and quality of physicians trained. Curriculum change and innovation in this region, however, face a challenging context that may affect curriculum outcomes. Research on outcomes of curriculum innovation in Sub-Saharan Africa is scarce. We investigated curriculum outcomes in a Sub-Saharan African context by comparing students' perceived preparedness for practice within three curricula in Mozambique: a conventional curriculum and two innovative curricula...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706545/effect-of-face-to-face-education-problem-based-learning-and-goldstein-systematic-training-model-on-quality-of-life-and-fatigue-among-caregivers-of-patients-with-diabetes
#10
Reza Masoudi, Mohammad Ali Soleimani, Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh, Shahram Baraz, Ashrafalsadat Hakim, Yiong H Chan
BACKGROUND: Education is a fundamental component for patients with diabetes to achieve good glycemic control. In addition, selecting the appropriate method of education is one of the most effective factors in the quality of life. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of face-to-face education, problem-based learning, and Goldstein systematic training model on the quality of life (QOL) and fatigue among caregivers of patients with diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted in Hajar Hospital (Shahrekord, Iran) in 2012...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696053/learning-effectiveness-and-satisfaction-of-international-medical-students-introducing-a-hybrid-pbl-curriculum-in-biochemistry
#11
Qiu Yan, Li Ma, Lina Zhu, Wenli Zhang
A biochemistry course is a fundamental but important subject in medical education in China. In recent years, the number of international medical students has increased. Curriculum reform in biochemistry teaching is needed because of the knowledge limitations of students, a close linkage of biochemical content with clinics, the shortcomings of lecture-centered teaching, and the requirements for early clinical practice training and competence. In this study, we analyzed a novel curriculum reform, "Hybrid-PBL," which combined problem-based learning (PBL) with biochemistry lectures and was implemented for biochemical teaching at Dalian Medical University (DMU) in China...
July 8, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690440/locate-the-lesion-a-project-based-learning-case-that-stimulates-comprehension-and-application-of-neuroanatomy
#12
Michele L Lemons
A fictitious patient, Mr. Challenge, is admitted to the emergency room and displays symptoms consistent with damage to the central nervous system. In this problem-based learning case, students are challenged to determine the location of a lesion that is consistent with Mr. Challenge's symptoms. Students discover details about Mr. Challenge's symptoms while exploring three anatomical pathways: corticospinal tract, spinothalamic tract and medial lemniscal pathway. Students make predictions as to which of these pathways may be damaged in Mr...
2017: Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: JUNE: a Publication of FUN, Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679577/learning-through-debate-during-problem-based-learning-an-active-learning-strategy
#13
Sadaf Mumtaz, Rabia Latif
We explored medical student's views and perceptions of a series of debates conducted during problem-based learning (PBL) practiced as a part of the Spiral curriculum at the Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Saudi Arabia. A series of debates were employed during PBL sessions for second-year female medical students, over the period 2014-2016. Each cohort of students was randomly split into 10 small PBL groups and exposed to weekly PBL activity. Within each group, the students were divided into a proposition half and an opposition half...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674300/systematic-and-stepwise-interprofessional-education-in-showa-university
#14
Yuji Kiuchi
 At Showa University, which consists of the schools of medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, nursing and rehabilitation sciences, systematic interprofessional education was introduced with the cooperation of all 4 schools and through all undergraduate grades with the purpose of training medical staff who can contribute positively to the medical team. In the lower grades, students study the basics of medical team care based on a 4-school joint curriculum of experience learning (such as early exposure) and problem-based learning (PBL) tutorial inside and outside of the university...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632009/self-observation-and-peer-feedback-as-a-faculty-development-approach-for-problem-based-learning-tutors-a-program-evaluation
#15
Irène Garcia, Richard W James, Paul Bischof, Anne Baroffio
PROBLEM: Good teaching requires spontaneous, immediate, and appropriate action in response to various situations. It is even more crucial in problem-based learning (PBL) tutorials, as the tutors, while directing students toward the identification and attainment of learning objectives, must stimulate them to contribute to the process and provide them with constructive feedback. PBL tutors in medicine lack opportunities to receive feedback from their peers on their teaching strategies. Moreover, as tutorials provide little or no time to stop and think, more could be learned by reflecting on the experience than from the experience itself...
July 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622266/an-integrative-literature-review-of-evidence-based-teaching-strategies-for-nurse-educators
#16
Cecile Breytenbach, Wilma Ten Ham-Baloyi, Portia J Jordan
AIM: The aim of the study was to explore and describe the best available literature on evidence-based teaching strategies that can be used by nurse educators. BACKGROUND: Evidence-based teaching strategies in nursing education are fundamental to promote an in-depth understanding of information. Although some teaching strategies for nurse educators were identified, no integrative literature review was found summarizing the best teaching strategies for nurse educators...
July 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612400/in-search-of-educational-efficiency-30-years-of-medical-education-s-top-cited-articles
#17
J Cristian Rangel, Carrie Cartmill, Maria Athina Martimianakis, Ayelet Kuper, Cynthia R Whitehead
CONTEXT: Academic journals represent shared spaces wherein the significance of thematic areas, methodologies and paradigms are debated and shaped through collective engagement. By studying journals in their historical and cultural contexts, the academic community can gain insight into the ways in which authors and audiences propose, develop, harness, revise and discard research subjects, methodologies and practices. METHODS: Thirty top-cited articles published in Medical Education between 1986 and 2014 were analysed in a two-step process...
June 14, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600042/the-effectiveness-of-clinical-problem-based-learning-model-of-medico-jurisprudence-education-on-general-law-knowledge-for-obstetrics-gynecological-interns
#18
Hui-Chin Chang, Ning-Yen Wang, Wen-Ru Ko, You-Tsz Yu, Long-Yau Lin, Hui-Fang Tsai
OBJECTIVE: The effective education method of medico-jurisprudence for medical students is unclear. The study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of problem-based learning (PBL) model teaching medico-jurisprudence in clinical setting on General Law Knowledge (GLK) for medical students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Senior medical students attending either campus-based law curriculum or Obstetrics/Gynecology (Ob/Gyn) clinical setting morning meeting from February to July in 2015 were enrolled...
June 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597873/do-medical-students-generate-sound-arguments-during-small-group-discussions-in-problem-based-learning-an-analysis-of-preclinical-medical-students-argumentation-according-to-a-framework-of-hypothetico-deductive-reasoning
#19
Hyunjung Ju, Ikseon Choi, Bo Young Yoon
PURPOSE: Hypothetico-deductive reasoning (HDR) is an essential learning activity and a learning outcome in problem-based learning (PBL). It is important for medical students to engage in the HDR process through argumentation during their small group discussions in PBL. This study aimed to analyze the quality of preclinical medical students' argumentation according to each phase of HDR in PBL. METHODS: Participants were 15 first-year preclinical students divided into two small groups...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584866/the-prescription-talk-an-approach-to-teach-patient-physician-conversation-about-drug-prescription-to-medical-students
#20
Katarina Hauser, Armin Koerfer, Mathilde Niehaus, Christian Albus, Stefan Herzig, Jan Matthes
Background: Medication communication from physicians to patients often is poor, by this among others enhancing the risk of non-adherence. In this context, a neglect regarding the prescription talk has been complained. Aim of the project: In a newly developed elective medical students work on physician-patient conversations dealing with drug prescription. Essential aspects related to an effective and safe drug treatment are combined with steps of shared decision-making. Together with a tutor, students develop a (model) conversation guide that might be tailored according to individual needs and views...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
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