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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223854/mohs-surgical-reconstruction-educational-activity-a-resident-education-tool
#1
Julie A Croley, C Helen Malone, Brandon P Goodwin, Linda G Phillips, Eric L Cole, Richard F Wagner
BACKGROUND: Surgical reconstructive planning following Mohs surgery can be a difficult subject for dermatology residents to master. Prior research demonstrates that active learning is preferred and more effective compared to passive learning models and that dermatology residents desire greater complexity and volume in surgical training. We present a novel, active, problem-based learning tool for the education of Mohs reconstruction with the goal of improving residents' ability to plan surgical reconstructions...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209159/do-coursework-summative-assessments-predict-clinical-performance-a-systematic-review
#2
Rebecca Terry, Wayne Hing, Robin Orr, Nikki Milne
BACKGROUND: Two goals of summative assessment in health profession education programs are to ensure the robustness of high stakes decisions such as progression and licensing, and predict future performance. This systematic and critical review aims to investigate the ability of specific modes of summative assessment to predict the clinical performance of health profession education students. METHODS: PubMed, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, ERIC and EMBASE databases were searched using key terms with articles collected subjected to dedicated inclusion criteria...
February 16, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208882/pbl-trigger-design-by-medical-students-an-effective-active-learning-strategy-outside-the-classroom
#3
Maya Roche, Indira Kakkunje Adiga, Akshatha G Nayak
INTRODUCTION: Problem Based Learning (PBL) is known world over as an effective, active learning strategy with many benefits for the student. Usually, in medical schools, PBL triggers are designed by a well-trained group of faculty from basic and clinical sciences. The challenge was whether this task could be given to students in the first year of their curriculum and be executed by them effectively. AIM: To enhance active learning, comprehension and critical thinking with a view to promote horizontal and vertical integration between subjects...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195967/procedural-learning-perspectives-of-pulmonary-fellows-and-practitioners
#4
Hans J Lee, Briana Coleman, Andrew D Lerner, David Feller-Kopman, Roy Semaan, Bernice Frimpong, Lonny Yarmus
BACKGROUND: Procedural learning requires both didactic knowledge and motor skills. Optimal teaching styles and techniques remain to be defined for pulmonary procedural learning. We investigated the preferences of learners at 2 different points in a pulmonary career; as pulmonary fellows and as clinical practitioners. METHODS: A perception survey was conducted among pulmonary fellows and practitioners from multiple institutions throughout the United States. Fellows and practitioners were immediately surveyed on procedural learning factors after completing a procedural learning course using low/high-fidelity and/or cadaver simulators...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178916/development-of-an-interdisciplinary-pre-matriculation-program-designed-to-promote-medical-students-self-efficacy
#5
Anna Wirta Kosobuski, Abigail Whitney, Andrew Skildum, Amy Prunuske
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A four-week interdisciplinary pre-matriculation program for Native American and rural medical students was created and its impact on students' transition to medical school was assessed. The program extends the goals of many pre-matriculation programs by aiming to increase not only students' understanding of basic science knowledge, but also to build student self-efficacy through practice with medical school curricular elements while developing their academic support networks...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178915/the-relationship-between-the-monitored-performance-of-tutors-and-students-at-pbl-tutorials-and-the-marked-hypotheses-generated-by-students-in-a-hybrid-curriculum
#6
Jonas I Addae, Pradeep Sahu, Bidyadhar Sa
INTRODUCTION: There have been a number of published studies examining the link between the effectiveness of the problem-based learning (PBL) process and students' performance in examinations. In a hybrid PBL/lectures curriculum, the results of such studies are of limited use because of the difficulty in dissociating the knowledge gained at lectures from that gained through PBL-related activities. Hence, the objectives of this study were: (1) to develop an instrument to measure the performance of tutors and students at PBL tutorials, and (2) to explore the contribution of such performances to the marks attained by students from the hypotheses generated at PBL tutorials...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166769/medical-graduates-preparedness-to-practice-a-comparison-of-undergraduate-medical-school-training
#7
Susan Miles, Joanne Kellett, Sam J Leinster
BACKGROUND: There is evidence that newly qualified doctors do not feel prepared to start work. This study examined views of first year Foundation doctors (F1s) regarding how prepared they felt by their undergraduate medical education for skills required during the first Foundation training year in relation to their type of training. METHOD: One-hundred and eighty two F1s completed a questionnaire during their first rotation of Foundation training. Analysis was conducted by type of medical school training: Problem-Based Learning (PBL), Traditional or Reformed...
February 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135829/incorporating-active-learning-in-psychiatry-education
#8
Sonia Kumar, Loyola McLean, Louise Nash, Keith Trigwell
OBJECTIVE: We aim to summarise the active learning literature in higher education and consider its relevance for postgraduate psychiatry trainees, to inform the development of a new Formal Education Course (FEC): the Master of Medicine (Psychiatry) at the University of Sydney. METHOD: We undertook a literature search on 'active learning', 'flipped classroom', 'problem-based learning' and 'psychiatry education'. RESULTS: The effectiveness of active learning pedagogy in higher education is well supported by evidence; however, there have been few psychiatry-specific studies...
January 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119372/antibiotic-exposure-and-bacterial-resistance-in-human-and-veterinary-medicine-a-problem-based-learning-topic-for-master-s-students
#9
Matthieu Eveillard, Hervé Pouliquen, Nathalie Ruvoen, Sébastien Couvreur, Michel Krempf, Catherine Magras, Didier Lepelletier
This report describes a problem-based learning activity concerning antibiotic exposure and bacterial resistance in human and veterinary medicine. In addition, learning outcomes and satisfaction of students were recorded by the supervisors of the activity. The students all participated actively to the group work and considered that the small size of the group facilitated interpersonal communication. They believed that working in an interdisciplinary group helped them for learning better than by following specific courses...
January 24, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118478/nursing-education-based-on-hybrid-problem-based-learning-the-impact-of-pbl-based-clinical-cases-on-a-pathophysiology-course
#10
Paulo Alexandre Oliveira Marques, Nuno Candido Maia Correia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116440/-application-of-pbl-combined-with-sp-method-in-during-course-practice-of-endodontics-for-undergraduate-dental-students
#11
Li-Na Shao, Li-Hong Qiu, Fu-Liang Zhan, Ming Xue
PURPOSE: To apply problem-based learning (PBL) combined with standardized patients(SP) in during-course practice of endodontics for undergraduate dental students, in order to improve the teaching quality. METHODS: One hundred and four undergraduate dental students of China Medical University School of Stomatology were randomly divided into 2 groups, 52 students in each group. One group were taught with PBL combined with SP while the other group with lecture-based learning (LBL) alone...
October 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078685/peer-assessment-of-professional-behaviours-in-problem-based-learning-groups
#12
Chris Roberts, Christine Jorm, Stacey Gentilcore, Jim Crossley
CONTEXT: Peer assessment of professional behaviour within problem-based learning (PBL) groups can support learning and provide opportunities to identify and remediate problem behaviours. OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether a peer assessment of learning behaviours in PBL is sufficiently valid to support decision making about student professional behaviours. METHODS: Data were available for two cohorts of students, in which each student was rated by all of their PBL group peers using a modified version of a previously validated scale...
January 12, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061800/does-a-pbl-based-medical-curriculum-predispose-training-in-specific-career-paths-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
Jordan Tsigarides, Laura R Wingfield, Myutan Kulendran
BACKGROUND: North American medical schools have used problem-based learning (PBL) structured medical education for more than 60 years. However, it has only recently been introduced in other medical schools outside of North America. Since its inception, there has been the debate on whether the PBL learning process predisposes students to select certain career paths. OBJECTIVES: To review available evidence to determine the predisposition of specific career paths when undertaking a PBL-based medical curriculum...
January 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061777/whatsapp-messenger-as-a-tool-to-supplement-medical-education-for-medical-students-on-clinical-attachment
#14
Lewis Raiman, Richard Antbring, Asad Mahmood
BACKGROUND: Instant messaging applications have the potential to improve and facilitate communication between hospital doctors and students, hence generating and improving learning opportunities. This study aims to demonstrate the feasibility and acceptability of instant messaging communication to supplement medical education for medical students whilst on clinical attachment. METHODS: A total of 6 WhatsApp Messenger (WhatsApp Inc.) groups were created for medical students on clinical attachment...
January 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050880/the-discomfort-of-an-educator-s-critical-conscience-the-case-of-problem-based-learning-and-other-global-industries-in-medical-education
#15
Janneke M Frambach, Maria Athina Tina Martimianakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050411/faculty-perception-towards-a-hybrid-problem-based-learning-methodology
#16
Nitin Joseph, Animesh Jain, Shashidhar M Kotian
This sequential quantitative and qualitative study was done to assess the perception of faculties towards a hybrid Problem Based Learning (PBL) methodology. To begin with, all faculty members of the department featured in a round of PBL facilitation. Later in phase I, their perception was assessed using a validated self-administered questionnaire. In phase II, personalized interview was conducted with each faculty. Finally phase (III) involved a focus group discussion on issues identified in previous phases...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049679/dental-students-perceptions-of-learning-value-in-pbl-groups-with-medical-and-dental-students-together-versus-dental-students-alone
#17
Maryam Amin, Rosslynn Zulla, Gisele Gaudet-Amigo, Steven Patterson, Natalie Murphy, Shelley Ross
At a dental school in Canada, problem-based learning (PBL) sessions were restructured from an integrated dental-medical model to a separate dental model, resulting in three groups of students available for study: those who had participated in the two-year dental and medical combined, the one-year dental and medical combined, the one-year dental alone, and the two-year dental alone. The aim of this qualitative study was to examine the extent to which the PBL structure affected the dental students' perceptions of the learning value of PBL in the different models...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032051/problem-based-learning-dental-student-s-perception-of-their-education-environments-at-qassim-university
#18
Shahad S Alkhuwaiter, Roqayah I Aljuailan, Saeed M Banabilh
AIMS: The objectives of this study were to assess perceptions of the Saudi dental students of the problem-based learning (PBL) curriculum and to compare their perceptions among different sex and academic years. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data was collected through a questionnaire-based survey at Qassim College of dentistry. The questionnaire consisted of 19 questions regarding the perception of PBL curriculum and was distributed to 240 students. The chi-square test was used for statistical analysis of the data...
November 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031600/medical-curriculum-and-pharmacology-an-appraisal
#19
P S R K Haranath
Pharmacology was introduced with Western Medical Education in India in 1900s. RN Chopra was the first Professor of Pharmacology along with patient care in School of Tropical Medicine Calcutta. Now Pharmacologists do not have clinical care nor give laboratory services to hospitals. Medical Education advanced in the West in 1960s with more emphasis on Integrated Teaching and Student Self-study and less on didactic lectures. System Based Learning and Problem Based Learning reduced importance of individual subjects...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019131/heutagogic-approach-to-developing-capable-learners
#20
Reem Rachel Abraham, Ramnarayan Komattil
The twenty-first century higher education sector has come a long way after undergoing continuous metamorphosis from pedagogy to andragogy. Most of the educational approaches adopted in medical schools are directed towards developing more of competencies and less of capability, which is the ability to use competencies in novel contexts. Competencies alone are not sufficient to thrive in the present day work place as medical profession subsumes complex contexts; it is in this scenario that, medical educators are entrusted with the challenging task of developing "capable learners"...
December 25, 2016: Medical Teacher
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