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"Problem based learning"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909257/practice-and-effectiveness-of-web-based-problem-based-learning-approach-in-a-large-class-size-system-a-comparative-study
#1
Yongxia Ding, Peili Zhang
Problem-based learning (PBL) is an effective and highly efficient teaching approach that is extensively applied in education systems across a variety of countries. This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of web-based PBL teaching pedagogies in large classes. The cluster sampling method was used to separate two college-level nursing student classes (graduating class of 2013) into two groups. The experimental group (n = 162) was taught using a web-based PBL teaching approach, while the control group (n = 166) was taught using conventional teaching methods...
June 12, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881645/is-blended-learning-and-problem-based-learning-course-design-suited-to-develop-future-public-health-leaders-an-explorative-european-study
#2
Karen D Könings, Nynke de Jong, Christa Lohrmann, Linas Sumskas, Tony Smith, Stephen J O'Connor, Ingrid A E Spanjers, Jeroen J G Van Merriënboer, Katarzyna Czabanowska
Background: Public health leaders are confronted with complex problems, and developing effective leadership competencies is essential. The teaching of leadership is still not common in public health training programs around the world. A reconceptualization of professional training is needed and can benefit from innovative educational approaches. Our aim was to explore learners' perceptions of the effectiveness and appeal of a public health leadership course using problem-based, blended learning methods that used virtual learning environment technologies...
2018: Public Health Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850966/problem-solving-skills-versus-knowledge-acquisition-the-historical-dispute-that-split-problem-based-learning-into-two-camps
#3
Virginie F C Servant-Miklos
This paper sheds light on an intellectual dispute on the purpose of problem-based learning that took place in the 1970s between two major figures in the history of PBL: Howard S Barrows from McMaster University and Henk Schmidt from Maastricht University. Using historical evidence from archive materials, oral history accounts and contemporary publications, the paper shows that at the core of the dispute was their divergent understanding of cognitive psychology. On the one hand, Barrows espoused hypothetico-deduction, and on the other, Henk Schmidt was a proponent of constructivism...
May 30, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845119/applying-metacognition-through-patient-encounters-and-illness-scripts-to-create-a-conceptual-framework-for-basic-science-integration-storage-and-retrieval
#4
Eileen F Hennrikus, Michael P Skolka, Nicholas Hennrikus
Problem: Medical school curriculum continues to search for methods to develop a conceptual educational framework that promotes the storage, retrieval, transfer, and application of basic science to the human experience. To achieve this goal, we propose a metacognitive approach that integrates basic science with the humanistic and health system aspects of medical education. Intervention: During the week, via problem-based learning and lectures, first-year medical students were taught the basic science underlying a disease...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843936/corrigendum-to-how-does-questioning-influence-nursing-students-clinical-reasoning-in-problem-based-learning-a-scoping-review-nurse-educ-today-65-2018-108-115
#5
Sophia Merisier, Caroline Larue, Louise Boyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 26, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793374/comment-on-prevalence-of-depressive-symptoms-among-medical-students-taught-using-problem-based-learning-versus-traditional-methods
#6
Jessica Webster, Alexandra Lindsay-Perez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781350/on-line-ethics-education-for-occupational-therapy-clinician-educators-a-single-group-pre-post-test-study
#7
Sandra VanderKaay, Lori Letts, Bonny Jung, Sandra E Moll
PURPOSE: Ethics education is a critical component of training rehabilitation practitioners. There is a need for capacity-building among ethics educators regarding facilitating ethical decision-making among students. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of an on-line ethics education module for occupational therapy clinician-educators (problem-based learning tutors/clinical placement preceptors/evidence-based practice facilitators). METHOD: The Knowledge-to-Action Process informed development and evaluation of the module...
May 20, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765260/attitude-and-perception-of-undergraduate-medical-students-toward-the-problem-based-learning-in-chitwan-medical-college-nepal
#8
Ram Lochan Yadav, Rano Mal Piryani, Gopendra Prasad Deo, Dev Kumar Shah, Laxmi Kumari Yadav, Md Nazrul Islam
Background: Problem-based learning (PBL) was introduced into Basic Medical Sciences early in the 1980s at Tribhuvan University (TU), Nepal, followed by other universities where didactic lecture method was still followed as the main teaching strategy. Despite gaining its popularity worldwide as integrated teaching learning method, PBL is not given importance in Nepal. This study aimed to assess the attitude and perceptions of undergraduate medical students regarding learning outcomes of PBL and to know their views about role and qualities of effective tutors for its successful implementation...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760864/3-for-the-price-of-1-teaching-chest-pain-risk-stratification-in-a-multidisciplinary-problem-based-learning-workshop
#9
William D Alley, Cynthia Burns, Nicholas D Hartman, Kim Askew, Simon A Mahler
Introduction: Chest pain is a common chief complaint among patients presenting to health systems and often leads to complex and intensive evaluations. While these patients are often cared for by a multidisciplinary team (primary care, emergency medicine, and cardiology), medical students usually learn about the care of these patients in a fragmented, single-specialty paradigm. The present and future care of patients with chest pain is multidisciplinary, and the education of medical students on the subject should be as well...
May 2018: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746184/students-perspectives-of-core-value-development-in-a-modified-problem-based-learning-program
#10
Michelle E Wormley, Melissa M Tovin, Michelle Lusardi, Stanley Wilson
Physical therapy educational programs are tasked to develop core values in their students as the foundation of professionalism. Problem-based learning (PBL) is an approach that intends to enrich exploration of issues in clinical decision making, understand how patient care is supported by other aspects of professional practice, and develop examination, intervention and communication skills. This qualitative study aimed to understand, interpret, and describe doctoral physical therapy students' perspectives of core value development in a modified PBL program...
May 10, 2018: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730961/assisting-the-integration-of-social-media-in-problem-based-learning-sessions-in-the-faculty-of-medicine-at-king-abdulaziz-university
#11
Zuhier A Awan, Almuatazbellah A Awan, Lana Alshawwa, Ara Tekian, Yoon Soo Park
PURPOSE: Issues related to traditional Problem-Based Learning (PBL) at King Abdulaziz University Faculty of Medicine (KAU-FOM), including lack of student interaction between sessions and outdated instructional materials have led to the examining the use of social media. This study examines factors affecting the implementation of social media into PBL sessions Methods: Mentored social media activities were incorporated between PBL sessions to third year medical students. Ground rules were set, and students were kept on track with learning objectives and authentic references...
May 7, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730958/undergraduate-medical-students-perspectives-of-skills-uses-and-preferences-of-information-technology-in-medical-education-a-cross-sectional-study-in-a-saudi-medical-college
#12
Nehal Khamis, Rawabi Aljumaiah, Alla Alhumaid, Hiba Alraheem, Dalal Alkadi, Cristina Koppel, Hamza Mohammad Abdulghani
BACKGROUND: Information technology (IT) is widely used in medical education. However, there are not enough studies about IT uses and preferences among traditional and problem-based learning (PBL) medical students. AIM: To compare IT skills, uses and preferences for education between traditional and PBL medical students'. METHOD: A cross-sectional study; a modified Educause Center for Analysis and Research online survey was sent to traditional curriculum 5th and PBL 4th year medical students of King Saud University...
May 7, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728090/what-can-we-learn-from-problem-based-learning-tutors-at-a-graduate-entry-medical-school-a-mixed-method-approach
#13
Diane O Doherty, Helena Mc Keague, Sarah Harney, Gerard Browne, Deirdre McGrath
Problem-based learning (PBL) has been adopted by many medical schools as an innovative method to deliver an integrated medical curriculum since its inception at McMaster University (Dornan et al., Med Educ 39(2):163-170, 2005; Finucane et al., Med Educ 35(1):56-61, 2001; Barrows, Tutorials in problem-based learning: A new direction in teaching the health professions, 1984). The student experience in PBL has been explored in detail (Merriam, New Directions for Adult and Continuing Education 89: 3-13, 2001; Azer, Kaohsiung J Med Sci 25(5): 240-249, 2009; Boelens et al...
May 4, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716419/lecture-based-versus-problem-based-learning-in-ethics-education-among-nursing-students
#14
Mahnaz Khatiban, Seyede Nayereh Falahan, Roya Amini, Afshin Farahanchi, Alireza Soltanian
BACKGROUND: Moral reasoning is a vital skill in the nursing profession. Teaching moral reasoning to students is necessary toward promoting nursing ethics. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of problem-based learning and lecture-based methods in ethics education in improving (1) moral decision-making, (2) moral reasoning, (3) moral development, and (4) practical reasoning among nursing students. RESEARCH DESIGN: This is a repeated measurement quasi-experimental study...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706281/using-a-course-pilot-in-the-development-of-an-online-problem-based-learning-pbl-therapeutics-course-in-a-post-professional-pharmd-program
#15
Jeff J Nagge, Rosemary Killeen, Brad Jennings
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To assess whether the traditional problem-based learning (PBL) process can be replicated in an online environment, and to identify any barriers and facilitators to learning using a course pilot. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: Eight alumni and one experienced tutor participated in a two-week simulated PBL course comprised of two three-hour synchronous online tutorials. Blackboard Collaborate® software was used to permit audio and visual interaction...
February 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670415/matching-medical-student-achievement-to-learning-objectives-and-outcomes-a-paradigm-shift-for-an-implemented-teaching-module
#16
Ihab Shafek Atta, Fahd Nasser AlQahtani
Introduction: Low student achievement in a basic imaging module was the impetus for an assessment of the module. Methods: A valid, reliable, and structured Likert scale was designed to measure the degree of student satisfaction with the domains of the module, including learning objectives (LO), teaching strategy and tools (TT), assessment tools (AT), and allotted credit hours (CH). Further analysis was conducted of student dissatisfaction to determine the subdomain in which module improvement was to be implemented...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670414/integration-of-leadership-training-into-a-problem-case-based-learning-program-for-first-and-second-year-medical-students
#17
Samara B Ginzburg, Susan Deutsch, Jaclyn Bellissimo, David E Elkowitz, Joel Nh Stern, Robert Lucito
Purpose: The evolution of health care systems in response to societal and financial pressures has changed care delivery models, which presents new challenges for physicians. Leadership training is increasingly being recognized as an essential component of medical education training to prepare physicians to meet these needs. Unfortunately, most medical schools do not include leadership training. It has been suggested that a longitudinal and integrated approach to leadership training should be sought...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668075/a-comparison-of-debate-and-role-play-in-enhancing-critical-thinking-and-communication-skills-of-medical-students-during-problem-based-learning
#18
Rabia Latif, Sadaf Mumtaz, Rafia Mumtaz, Aamir Hussain
Debate and role play for learning critical thinking and communication skills are being increasingly used in various undergraduate medical schools worldwide. We aim to compare students' views about effectiveness of two teaching strategies; debate and role play to exercise critical thinking and communication skills during problem-based learning (PBL). This is a comparative, cross-sectional, and questionnaire-based study. Our subjects were second year undergraduate female medical students enrolled in Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University (IAU), College of Medicine from September 2014-2016, divided into 10 small PBL groups (10-13 students/group/year)...
April 18, 2018: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651529/application-of-problem-based-learning-in-instrumental-analysis-teaching-at-northeast-agricultural-university
#19
Shuang Gao, Yuxin Wang, Bin Jiang, Ying Fu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643904/assessment-of-collaborative-problem-solving-skills-in-undergraduate-medical-students-at-ziauddin-college-of-medicine-karachi
#20
Arsalan Manzoor Mughal, Sirajul Haque Shaikh
Objective: Collaborative Problem Solving Empirical Progressions from the Assessment and Teaching of 21st Century Skills (ATC21S) framework were used to determine the level of collaborative problem solving skills (CPS) in first, second and third year MBBS students at Ziauddin College of Medicine during Problem-Based Learning (PBL) sessions. Variations based on gender and roles were studied. Methods: It is an analytical comparative cross-sectional study in which seven PBL groups were selected per year by non-probability convenient sampling...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
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