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"Problem based learning"

Yumiko Okubo, Naoko Ishiguro, Taiyo Suganuma, Toshio Nishikawa, Toshio Takubo, Noriko Kojimahara, Rie Yago, Shinichi Nunoda, Shigetaka Sugihara, Toshimasa Yoshioka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
P Jauhar, P A Mossey, H Popat, J Seehra, P S Fleming
Background Undergraduate orthodontic teaching has been focused on developing an understanding of occlusal development in an effort to equip practitioners to make appropriate referrals for specialist-delivered care. However, there is a growing interest among general dentists in delivering more specialised treatments, including short-term orthodontic alignment. This study aimed to assess the levels of knowledge of occlusal problems among final year undergraduate dental students, as well as their interest in various orthodontics techniques and training...
October 21, 2016: British Dental Journal
Edna Ruiz Magpantay-Monroe
The military and veteran populations in the U. S. state of Hawaii have a strong presence in the local communities. It was this substantial presence that provided the impetus to integrate military and veteran health into a Bachelor's of Science in Nursing (BSN) curriculum. This exploratory study investigated the relationship between the integration of military and veteran health into a psychiatric mental health BSN curriculum and nursing students' understanding of the many facets of military veterans' health...
October 6, 2016: Nurse Education Today
T A Tengku Rinalfi Putra, Mohd Noor Mohd Hezmee, N B Farhana, H A Hassim, A R Intan-Shameha, I H Lokman, A Yusof Hamali, M S Salisi, A A A Ghani, M S Shahudin, M A L Qayyum, A Hafandi, R Speare, S G Fenwick
BACKGROUND: The One Health (OH) approach, which seeks to bring together human and animal health, is particularly suited to the effective management of zoonotic diseases across both sectors. To overcome professional silos, OH needs to be taught at the undergraduate level. Here, we describe a problem-based learning activity using the OH approach that was conducted outdoors for 3(rd)-year veterinary students in Malaysia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 118 students, divided into two groups, completed the activity which spanned 1½ days at a deer park adjacent to a wilderness area...
September 2016: Veterinary World
Elizabeth Jestico, Teresa Finlay
BACKGROUND: In the UK children with cancer are cared for by children's nurses in a variety of settings, specialist and non-specialist. Whilst post-registration specialist education is available to some nurses, many nurses rely solely on pre-registration education to competently care for these children. This study explores whether nurses perceive that this adequately prepares them. OBJECTIVES: To explore the extent to which qualified nurses perceive that pre-registration nurse education prepares them to care for children with cancer; to consider the implications for children's nursing pre-registration curricula...
September 30, 2016: Nurse Education Today
Mindaugas Stankunas, Katarzyna Czabanowska, Mark Avery, Ramune Kalediene, Suzanne Marie Babich
Purpose Strengthening management capacity within the health care sector could have a significant impact on population health. However, many training programs in this area are still delivered using a classic lecture-based approach. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate and better understand the feasibility of using a problem-based learning (PBL) approach in health services management training programs. Design/methodology/approach A PBL teaching approach (based on the Maastricht University model) was tested with second-year postgraduate students from the Master in Public Health Management program at the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences...
October 3, 2016: Leadership in Health Services
Figen Yardimci, Murat Bektaş, Nilay Özkütük, Gonca Karayağız Muslu, Gülçin Özalp Gerçeker, Zümrüt Başbakkal
BACKGROUND: The study process is related to students' learning approaches and styles. Motivation resources and problems determine students' internal, external, and negative motivation. Analyzing the study process and motivation of students yields important indications about the nature of educational systems in higher education. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to analyze the relationship between the study process, and motivation resources and problems with regard to nursing students in different educational systems in Turkey and to reveal their effects according to a set of variables...
September 28, 2016: Nurse Education Today
Melissa J Kurtz, Laura E Starbird
A review of Lin et al.'s pilot study exploring the effects of an interprofessional, problem-based learning clinical ethics curriculum on Taiwanese medical and nursing students' attitudes towards interprofessional collaboration highlights the benefits of interprofessional collaboration and offers insight into how problem-based learning might be universally applied in ethics education. Interprofessional collaboration is an ideal approach for exploring ethical dilemmas because it involves all relevant professionals in discussions about ethical values that arise in patient care...
2016: AMA Journal of Ethics
Takayoshi Terashita, Naomi Tamura, Kengo Kisa, Hidenobu Kawabata, Katsuhiko Ogasawara
BACKGROUND: Knowledge and skill expected of healthcare providers continues to increase alongside developments in medicine and healthcare. Problem-based learning (PBL) is therefore increasingly necessary in training courses for radiological technologists. However, it is necessary to evaluate the effects of PBL to completely introduce it in our education programs. As a Hypothesis, it seems that a change occurs in the student's attitudes by participating in PBL practical training. There is the Semantic Differential (SeD) technique as a method to identify student's attitudes...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Judith Roca, Mercedes Reguant, Olga Canet
INTRODUCTION: Teaching strategies are essential in order to facilitate meaningful learning and the development of high-level thinking skills in students. OBJECTIVE: To compare three teaching methodologies (problem-based learning, case-based teaching and traditional methods) in terms of the learning outcomes achieved by nursing students. METHOD: This quasi-experimental research was carried out in the Nursing Degree programme in a group of 74 students who explored the subject of The Oncology Patient through the aforementioned strategies...
November 2016: Nurse Education Today
Jennifer M McBride, Richard L Drake
BACKGROUND: When modifying a curriculum to accommodate changes in the methods of subject matter presentation or fit within a shortened time frame, student retention of knowledge remains an important issue. AIM: This study evaluates medical student retention of anatomical knowledge as they matriculate through an anatomy curriculum where the instruction hours are less than half of the current national average. METHOD: Medical students completed an assessment tool developed to evaluate their baseline level of anatomical knowledge at the beginning of the first year...
September 2, 2016: Medical Teacher
Asma M Ali, Eric R Parks, Margaret Bogie, Daniel U Rabin, Sapana Panday
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
Gareth Thomas, Venugopal Duddu, Richard Gater
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Medical Education
Joy Lauerer, Barbara J Edlund, Amy Williams, Annemarie Donato, Gigi Smith
BACKGROUND: Behavioral health disorders (psychiatric illness and substance abuse disorders) represent a significant burden across the nation's health care system. About one half of the problems that present in primary health care settings are behavioral in nature. There is urgent need to improve the integration of behavioral health care services into primary care. METHODS: The purpose of this paper is to describe how an asynchronous online graduate nurse practitioner program utilized a constructivist paradigm to creatively combine online problem based learning cases and on campus learning intensives to scaffold student learning...
August 13, 2016: Nurse Education Today
Laura Llambi, Mary Barros, Carolina Parodi, Mariana Cora, Gaston Garces
BACKGROUND: Smoking is a leading cause of preventable deaths worldwide. Graduates of medical schools receive limited training on tobacco cessation and are ill-equipped to treat tobacco dependence. In this paper, we describe and present evidence from an educational intervention based on a train-the-trainers model and problem-based learning strategy aimed to educate a large number of first-year medical students on tobacco-related issues. METHODS: A survey assessing students' knowledge, attitudes and beliefs was conducted before and after educational intervention...
May 2016: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
Mahlasela A Rakhudu, Mashudu Davhana-Maselesele, Ushanatefe Useh
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this concept analysis was to better understand and define collaboration as it relates to the implementation of problem-based learning (PBL). METHODS: The process of concept analysis was conducted in three phases; namely, theoretical or literature review, empirical or fieldwork; and analysis phases. Rodgers' evolutionary approach was used to clarify the attributes, antecedents, surrogate, related terms and consequences of collaboration in implementing PBL...
2016: Curationis
Yongjie Qin, Yungui Wang, Robert E Floden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 11, 2016: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
Yasser El Miedany, Maha El Gaafary, Sally Youssef, Samah Almedany, Deborah Palmer
BACKGROUND: The use of simulation-based learning in the medical field has many benefits, including patient safety, health care professional confidence, accelerating diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, meeting the unfulfilled demand for medical personnel, and lowering of medical errors. Developing of interactive learning tools for teaching a simulated clinical case studies program, is highly needed to improve specialist nurses and middle grade health care professionals skills and competency...
July 28, 2016: Current Rheumatology Reviews
T A Esan, E O Oziegbe
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization in 1994 recommended that dental education should be problem based, socially and culturally relevant, and community oriented. OBJECTIVES: To explore the perceptions of Pre-phase II (pre-clinical II) dental students on three methods of teaching used during two academic sessions. METHODS: All part IV dental students in two consecutive sessions undergoing pre phase II course in the Faculty of Dentistry, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife were recruited into the study...
December 2015: African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
A Ogunniyi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
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