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"Problem based learning"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032293/facilitating-problem-based-learning-among-undergraduate-nursing-students-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Jacqueline Wosinski, Anne E Belcher, Yvan Dürrenberger, Anne-Claude Allin, Coraline Stormacq, Linda Gerson
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify and synthesize the best available evidence on the perspective of undergraduate nursing students on facilitating elements that contribute to their success with PBL. DESIGN: a qualitative systematic review of the literature according to meta-aggregative methodology using the JBI SUMARI system was conducted. DATA SOURCES: Data was collected across CINAHL, Medline, Embase, Eric, Teacher Reference Center and reference lists...
September 8, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029234/keeping-education-fresh-not-just-in-microbiology
#2
Beatrix Fahnert
Innovative practice from around the globe, addressing a range of recent educational themes and trends, was published in the FEMS Microbiology Letters virtual Thematic Issue ''Keeping Education Fresh' in October 2017. Its thought-provoking content is reviewed here to more directly facilitate reflections and discussions in the professional community. The focus is on best practice approaches when enhancing student engagement, how to adjust those to the diversity of learners, learning situations and infrastructures, and to a broad range of subjects...
October 4, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018643/case-reports-case-series-from-clinical-practice-to-evidence-based-medicine-in-graduate-medical-education
#3
EDITORIAL
Jerry W Sayre, Hale Z Toklu, Fan Ye, Joseph Mazza, Steven Yale
Case reports and case series or case study research are descriptive studies that are prepared for illustrating novel, unusual, or atypical features identified in patients in medical practice, and they potentially generate new research questions. They are empirical inquiries or investigations of a patient or a group of patients in a natural, real-world clinical setting. Case study research is a method that focuses on the contextual analysis of a number of events or conditions and their relationships. There is disagreement among physicians on the value of case studies in the medical literature, particularly for educators focused on teaching evidence-based medicine (EBM) for student learners in graduate medical education...
August 7, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991273/estrategias-educativas-y-de-evaluaci%C3%A3-n-en-la-formaci%C3%A3-n-de-m%C3%A3-dicos-especialistas
#4
Verónica Alejandra Gaona-Flores, Luz Arcelia Campos-Navarro, Jesús Arenas-Osuna, Enrique Alcalá-Martínez
Antecedentes: Las estrategias didácticas se han definido como procedimientos, medios o recursos que el docente utiliza para promover el aprendizaje significativo. Objetivo: Identificar las estrategias de enseñanza y de evaluación que utiliza el profesor con residentes en hospitales de tercer nivel de atención médica. Método: Estudio transversal, con profesores de diversas especialidades, en el Centro Médico Nacional La Raza. Se aplicó un cuestionario que valora las estrategias utilizadas en la enseñanza y la evaluación...
2017: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984375/context-matters-when-striving-to-promote-active-and-lifelong-learning-in-medical-education
#5
Joris J Berkhout, Esther Helmich, Pim W Teunissen, Cees P M van der Vleuten, A Debbie C Jaarsma
WHERE DO WE STAND NOW?: In the 30 years that have passed since The Edinburgh Declaration on Medical Education, we have made tremendous progress in research on fostering 'self-directed and independent study' as propagated in this declaration, of which one prime example is research carried out on problem-based learning. However, a large portion of medical education happens outside of classrooms, in authentic clinical contexts. Therefore, this article discusses recent developments in research regarding fostering active learning in clinical contexts...
October 6, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974125/prevalence-of-depressive-symptoms-among-medical-students-taught-using-problem-based-learning-versus-traditional-methods
#6
José Aderval Aragão, Marianna Ribeiro de Menezes Freire, Lucas Guimarães Nolasco Farias, Sarah Santana Diniz, Felipe Matheus Sant'anna Aragão, Iapunira Catarina Sant'anna Aragão, Tarcisio Brandão Lima, Francisco Prado Reis
OBJECTIVE: To compare depressive symptoms among medical students taught using problem-based learning (PBL) and the traditional method. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Beck's Depression Inventory was applied to 215 medical students. The prevalence of depression was calculated as the number of individuals with depression divided by the total number in the sample from each course, with 95% confidence intervals. The statistical significance level used was 5% (p ≤ .05). RESULTS: Among the 215 students, 52...
October 3, 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970465/exploring-a-problem-based-learning-approach-in-pharmaceutics
#7
Barbara McKenzie, Alyson Brown
OBJECTIVE: The basis of this study was to explore the impact of the initiation of a Problem-Base Learning (PBL) approach within a second-year pharmaceutics degree on a Master of Pharmacy programme, introduced as a way of improving deep learning and to foster independent learning. DESIGN: A semi-structured interview was used to seek feedback from the students, and feedback from staff was secured though a focus group. A thematic approach was used for the analysis, once data saturation had been reached...
September 20, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966269/enhancing-study-motivation-and-efficacy-among-first-year-students-using-minute-papers-in-the-interdisciplinary-subject-of-yakugaku-nyumon
#8
Kouya Yamaki, Koji Ikeda, Kumiko Ueda, Yasushi Habu, Yoshiaki Nakayama, Norihiko Takeda, Kensuke Moriwaki, Akimori Wada, Junko Koyama, Noriko Kodama, Shuji Kitagawa
 Active learning in higher education is important for learning efficacy and motivation. Accordingly, lectures that integrate strategies toward active learning, such as minute papers, debates, and collaborative learning, have become widely adopted. Minute papers facilitate communication among both teachers and students, and can be used as a tool for reviewing lectures. In the present study, we examined the effect of using minute papers on learning efficacy and motivation. To enhance the curriculum of the interdisciplinary course Yakugaku Nyumon, which consists of an omnibus lecture series and problem-based learning, minute papers with exercises were provided to applicants...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961627/physician-assistant-contributions-to-medical-and-higher-education
#9
P Eugene Jones, John C Houchins
Physician assistant (PA) programs were often early adopters or initiators of innovative models of teaching, learning, and assessment. Examples of these influences include interprofessional education, competency-based education, objective-structured clinical examinations, problem-based learning, evidence-based medicine, team-based learning, and the multiple mini-interviews. In addition, the contributions and presence of PAs in the academic health center teaching environment have also fostered appreciation from other health professionals for the skill level and capacity of PAs on the care team...
October 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932135/effectiveness-of-two-interactive-educational-methods-to-teach-tobacco-cessation-counseling-for-senior-dental-students
#10
Mina Ahmadian, Mohammad Reza Khami, Arezoo Ebn Ahamdi, Samaneh Razeghi, Reza Yazdani
OBJECTIVE: Nowadays, one of the major health problems in many countries is tobacco use. Dental professionals are in a unique position to promote smoking cessation since they have the opportunity for regular interaction with their patients. The purpose of the present study was to compare the effectiveness of two educational methods to teach tobacco cessation counseling (TCC) in dental practice for senior dental students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this interventional study, 93 eligible senior dental students from two dental schools in Tehran, Iran were randomly divided into two groups...
July 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922705/from-ancient-to-avant-garde-a-review-of-traditional-and-modern-multimodal-approaches-to-surgical-anatomy-education
#11
REVIEW
Minhao Hu, David Wattchow, Dayan de Fontgalland
The landscape of surgical anatomy education is progressively changing. Traditional methods, such as cadaveric dissection and didacticism are being increasingly phased out in undergraduate courses for multimodal approaches incorporating problem-based learning, radiology and computer-based simulations. Although effective at clinically contextualizing and integrating anatomical information, these approaches may be a poor substitute for fostering a grasp of foundational 'pure' anatomy. Dissection is ideal for this purpose and hence remains the cornerstone of anatomical education...
September 18, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917073/effects-of-personality-traits-on-collaborative-performance-in-problem-based-learning-tutorials
#12
Sang Y Lee, Jin H Kim, Chang R Geum, Sung J Wu, Jin S Kim
[No Abstract Available].
October 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893071/a-model-of-collaboration-for-the-implementation-of-problem-based-learning-in-nursing-education-in-south-africa
#13
Mahlasela A Rakhudu, Mashudu Davhana-Maselesele, Ushonatefe Useh
BACKGROUND: The idea of collaboration between key stakeholders in nursing education for the implementation of problem-based learning (PBL) may have far-reaching implications for the institutions and students. MAIN OBJECTIVE: To develop a model of collaboration to facilitate the implementation of PBL in nursing education. METHODOLOGY: An exploratory sequential design was used. Qualitative data were collected from purposively recruited nurse educators from three universities in South Africa offering PBL and nurse managers from all the three hospitals in North West Province where PBL students are placed for clinical learning...
August 28, 2017: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883212/verification-of-learning-effects-by-team-based-learning
#14
Shin-Ichi Ono, Yoshihisa Ito, Kumiko Ishige, Norio Inokuchi, Yasuhiro Kosuge, Satoru Asami, Megumi Izumisawa, Hiroko Kobayashi, Hiroyuki Hayashi, Takashi Suzuki, Yukinaga Kishikawa, Harumi Hata, Eiji Kose, Kei-Ichi Tabata
It has been recommended that active learning methods, such as team-based learning (TBL) and problem-based learning (PBL), be introduced into university classes by the Central Council for Education. As such, for the past 3 years, we have implemented TBL in a medical therapeutics course for 4-year students. Based upon our experience, TBL is characterized as follows: TBL needs fewer teachers than PBL to conduct a TBL module. TBL enables both students and teachers to recognize and confirm the learning results from preparation and reviewing...
September 5, 2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876983/approaches-and-study-skills-of-veterinary-medical-students-effects-of-a-curricular-revision
#15
Eliza Zamor, Munashe Chigerwe, Karen A Boudreaux, Jan E Ilkiw
The objective of this study was to determine if a revised, recently implemented curriculum, embracing an integrated block design with a focus on student-centered, inquiry-based learning, had a different effect on veterinary medical students' approaches to studying than the previous curriculum. A total of 577 students completed a questionnaire consisting of the short version of the Approaches and Study Skills Inventory for Students (ASSIST). It included questions relating to conceptions about learning, approaches to studying, and preferences for different types of courses and teaching...
2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876448/engaging-postgraduate-students-undertaking-clinical-pharmacology-using-gosoapbox-for-problem-based-learning
#16
Dianne Sika-Paotonu, Brian Robinson, Tim Maling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870018/exploring-the-pros-and-cons-of-mechanistic-case-diagrams-for-problem-based-learning
#17
Minjeong Kim, Bong Jin Kang
PURPOSE: Mechanistic case diagram (MCD) was recommended for increasing the depth of understanding of disease, but with few articles on its specific methods. We address the experience of making MCD in the fullest depth to identify the pros and cons of using MCDs in such ways. METHODS: During problem-based learning, we gave guidelines of MCD for its mechanistic exploration from subcellular processes to clinical features, being laid out in as much detail as possible...
September 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861884/cross-cultural-differences-in-mental-health-quality-of-life-empathy-and-burnout-between-us-and-brazilian-medical-students
#18
Giancarlo Lucchetti, Rodolfo Furlan Damiano, Lisabeth F DiLalla, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Ivana Lúcia Damásio Moutinho, Oscarina da Silva Ezequiel, J Kevin Dorsey
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare mental health, quality of life, empathy, and burnout in medical students from a medical institution in the USA and another one in Brazil. METHODS: This cross-cultural study included students enrolled in the first and second years of their undergraduate medical training. We evaluated depression, anxiety, and stress (DASS 21), empathy, openness to spirituality, and wellness (ESWIM), burnout (Oldenburg), and quality of life (WHOQOL-Bref) and compared them between schools...
August 31, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859649/the-integration-of-blended-learning-into-an-occupational-therapy-curriculum-a-qualitative-reflection
#19
Paula Barnard-Ashton, Alan Rothberg, Patricia McInerney
BACKGROUND: This paper presents a critical reflection of the integration of Blended Learning (BL) into an undergraduate occupational therapy curriculum which was delivered through Problem Based Learning (PBL). METHOD: This is a qualitative reflection of a Participatory Action Research (PAR) study using Brookfield's model for critical reflection of an educator's practice. The model uses four 'lenses' through which to focus enquiry: Lens 1) our autobiography as a learner of practice; Lens 2) our learners' eyes; Lens 3) our colleagues' experiences; and Lens 4) the theoretical literature...
August 17, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829362/content-analysis-of-student-essays-after-attending-a-problem-based-learning-course-facilitating-the-development-of-critical-thinking-and-communication-skills-in-japanese-nursing-students
#20
Tomoya Itatani, Kyoko Nagata, Kiyoko Yanagihara, Noriko Tabuchi
The importance of active learning has continued to increase in Japan. The authors conducted classes for first-year students who entered the nursing program using the problem-based learning method which is a kind of active learning. Students discussed social topics in classes. The purposes of this study were to analyze the post-class essay, describe logical and critical thinking after attended a Problem-Based Learning (PBL) course. The authors used Mayring's methodology for qualitative content analysis and text mining...
August 22, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
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