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"Problem based learning"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909366/standing-on-the-precipice-evaluating-final-year-physiotherapy-students-perspectives-of-their-curriculum-as-preparation-for-primary-health-care-practice
#1
Sinead McMahon, Grainne O'Donoghue, Catherine Doody, Geraldine O'Neill, Terry Barrett, Tara Cusack
Purpose: To explore final-year physiotherapy students' perceptions of primary health care practice to determine (1) aspects of their curriculum that support their learning, (2) deficiencies in their curriculum, and (3) areas that they believe should be changed to adequately equip them to make the transition from student to primary health care professional. Methods: Framework analysis methodology was used to analyze group opinion obtained using structured group feedback sessions. Sixty-eight final-year physiotherapy students from the four higher education institutions in Ireland participated...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897764/nursing-students-perceptions-of-effective-problem-based-learning-tutors
#2
Nancy Matthew-Maich, Lynn Martin, Cynthia Hammond, Amy Palma, Maria Pavkovic, Darlene Sheremet, Carmen Roche
Aim To explore baccalaureate nursing students' perceptions of what makes an effective tutor in problem-based learning courses, and the influence of effective teaching on students' learning and experience. Method Students enrolled in all four years of a baccalaureate nursing programme completed online surveys (n=511) and participated in focus groups (n=19). Data were analysed and combined using content analysis. Findings The data were summarised using five themes, the '5 Ps' of effective teaching in problem-based learning...
November 16, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874153/effects-of-personality-traits-on-collaborative-performance-in-problem-based-learning-tutorials
#3
Hye Won Jang, Seung Won Park
To examine the relationship between students' collaborative performance in a problem-based learning (PBL) environment and their personality traits. Methods:This retrospective, cross-sectional study was conducted using student data of a PBL program between 2013 and 2014 at Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea. Eighty students were included in the study. Student data from the Temperament and Character Inventory were used as a measure of their personality traits. Peer evaluation scores during PBL were used as a measure of students' collaborative performance...
December 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873411/training-physicians-for-the-real-world-of-medicine-administration-based-learning
#4
Jason Rosenstock, Garrett M Sparks
Tired of outdated teaching formats like case-based learning (CBL), problem-based learning (PBL) and team-based learning (TBL)? We wanted something fresh for our medical school, something that would prepare our graduates for the modern practice of medicine, something that would satisfy regulatory agencies and our deans. After doing an extensive needs assessment, which we ignored, we decided to replace basic science in our curriculum with something more practical: administration-based learning (ABL). We taught students how to fix fax machines, how to deal with angry team members, and how to maximise revenue in private practice - lessons that were well received and were more consistent with what physicians really need to learn to be effective practitioners...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872545/how-effective-the-problem-based-learning-pbl-in-dental-education-a-critical-review
#5
REVIEW
Ali Alrahlah
The purpose of this critical review is to explore the research supporting the effectiveness of problem-based learning (PBL) as a teaching method in dental education. PBL was developed more than 40 years ago in reaction to the problems and limitations of traditional teaching approaches. Here, aspects of the PBL teaching approach are reviewed, and the reasons for the substantial effect of this approach on dental education are discussed. Evidence shows that students in PBL-based courses exhibit superior professional skills and effective learning compared with those instructed using traditional approaches...
October 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860194/description-and-student-self-evaluation-of-a-pilot-small-group-learning-and-integrated-simulation-program-for-medical-students-in-the-first-clinical-year
#6
M R Levinson, D Kelly, K Zahariou, M Johnson, C Jackman, Sara Mackenzie
INTRODUCTION: Contemporary education for medical students should be student centered, integrated and contextualized. Small group learning promotes clinical reasoning and skills for lifelong learning. Simulation can provide experiential learning in a safe and controlled environment. We developed a weekly integrated problem based learning and simulation program (IPS) over two semesters in the first clinical year to augment clinical placement experience and contextualize theory into work relevant practice...
November 17, 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843831/comparative-study-on-the-measurement-of-learning-outcomes-after-powerpoint-presentation-and-problem-based-learning-with-discussion-in-family-medicine-amongst-fifth-year-medical-students
#7
Sujata Khobragade, Adinegara Lutfi Abas, Yadneshwar Sudam Khobragade
BACKGROUND: Learning outcomes after traditional teaching methods were compared with problem-based learning (PBL) among fifth year medical students. Six students participated each in traditional teaching and PBL methods, respectively. Traditional teaching method involved PowerPoint (PPT) presentation and PBL included study on case scenario and discussion. Both methods were effective in improving performance of students. Postteaching, we did not find significant differences in learning outcomes between these two teaching methods...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833780/integrating-ultrasound-teaching-into-preclinical-problem-based-learning
#8
Eli Tumba Tshibwabwa, Jenifer Cannon, James Rice, Michael G Kawooya, Reza Sanii, Robert Mallin
OBJECTIVES: The aim is to provide students in the preclinical with ultrasound image interpretation skills. Research question: Are students in smaller groups with access to a combination of lectures and hands-on patient contact most likely to have better ultrasound image interpretation skills, than students in larger groups with only interactive didactic lectures? METHODOLOGY: First-year students at the preclinical Program of the College of Medicine, participated in two 2-h introductory interactive ultrasound sessions...
2016: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820714/effects-of-simulation-with-problem-based-learning-program-on-metacognition-team-efficacy-and-learning-attitude-in-nursing-students-nursing-care-with-increased-intracranial-pressure-patient
#9
Myung-Nam Lee, Kyung-Dong Nam, Hyeon-Young Kim
Nursing care for patients with central nervous system problems requires advanced professional knowledge and care skills. Nursing students are more likely to have difficulty in dealing with adult patients who have severe neurological problems in clinical practice. This study investigated the effect on the metacognition, team efficacy, and learning attitude of nursing students after an integrated simulation and problem-based learning program. A real scenario of a patient with increased intracranial pressure was simulated for the students...
November 4, 2016: Computers, Informatics, Nursing: CIN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808158/assessing-the-effectiveness-of-problem-based-learning-in-physical-diagnostics-education-in-china-a-meta-analysis
#10
Jianmiao Wang, Yongjian Xu, Xiansheng Liu, Weining Xiong, Jungang Xie, Jianping Zhao
Problem-based learning (PBL) has been extensively applied as an experimental educational method in Chinese medical schools over the past decade. A meta-analysis was performed to assess the effectiveness of PBL on students' learning outcomes in physical diagnostics education. Related databases were searched for eligible studies evaluating the effects of PBL compared to traditional teaching on students' knowledge and/or skill scores of physical diagnostics. Standardized mean difference (SMD) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was estimated...
November 3, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803202/implementation-of-problem-based-learning-by-faculty-members-at-12-u-s-medical-and-dental-schools
#11
Ahmad Abdelkarim, Dorothy Schween, Timothy Ford
The aim of this study was to assess the perspectives of medical and dental faculty members regarding implementation of problem-based learning (PBL). A survey instrument was designed with demographic questions and two open-ended questions to investigate faculty members' perceptions of the most suitable subjects or courses in which to use PBL and examples of how they incorporated PBL into their instruction. The survey was sent to 12 U.S. medical and dental schools known to use PBL, and 73 medical faculty members and 88 dental faculty members completed the survey (n=161), for an overall response rate of 28% of those who were sent the survey at each school (not each's total faculty)...
November 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800653/problem-based-learning-in-internal-medicine-virtual-patients-or-paper-based-problems-%C3%A5
#12
Monika Sobocan, Neja Turk, Dejan Dinevski, Radovan Hojs, Breda Pecovnik Balon
BACKGROUND: Teaching using paper problem-based learning (p-PBL) sessions has left some students fatigued with the learning process. Therefore, attempts have been made to replace p-PBL with digitally enhanced, decision-making PBL in the form of virtual patients (VPs). Student enthusiasm for substituting p-PBL with VPs has not been quantitatively evaluated on the intended educational effects. AIM: To determine the educational effects of substituting p-PBL sessions with VPs on undergraduate medical students in their internal medicine course...
November 1, 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792299/social-problem-solving-in-chinese-baccalaureate-nursing-students
#13
Jinbo Fang, Luo Ying, Li Yanhua, Wenxia Huang
OBJECTIVE: To describe social problem solving in Chinese baccalaureate nursing students. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted with a cluster sample of 681 Chinese baccalaureate nursing students. The Chinese Version of the Social Problem Solving scale was used. Descriptive analyses, independent t-test and one-way analysis of variance were applied to analyze the data. FINDINGS: The final year nursing students presented the highest scores of positive social problem-solving skills...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773910/team-based-learning-a-learning-strategy-for-clinical-reasoning-in-students-with-problem-based-learning-tutorial-experiences
#14
Yumiko Okubo, Naoko Ishiguro, Taiyo Suganuma, Toshio Nishikawa, Toshio Takubo, Noriko Kojimahara, Rie Yago, Shinichi Nunoda, Shigetaka Sugihara, Toshimasa Yoshioka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27767152/a-survey-of-undergraduate-orthodontic-teaching-and-factors-affecting-pursuit-of-postgraduate-training
#15
P Jauhar, P A Mossey, H Popat, J Seehra, P S Fleming
Background Undergraduate orthodontic teaching has been focused on developing an understanding of occlusal development in an effort to equip practitioners to make appropriate referrals for specialist-delivered care. However, there is a growing interest among general dentists in delivering more specialised treatments, including short-term orthodontic alignment. This study aimed to assess the levels of knowledge of occlusal problems among final year undergraduate dental students, as well as their interest in various orthodontics techniques and training...
October 21, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764722/integration-of-military-and-veteran-health-in-a-psychiatric-mental-health-bsn-curriculum-a-mindful-analysis
#16
Edna Ruiz Magpantay-Monroe
The military and veteran populations in the U. S. state of Hawaii have a strong presence in the local communities. It was this substantial presence that provided the impetus to integrate military and veteran health into a Bachelor's of Science in Nursing (BSN) curriculum. This exploratory study investigated the relationship between the integration of military and veteran health into a psychiatric mental health BSN curriculum and nursing students' understanding of the many facets of military veterans' health...
January 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733795/the-application-of-one-health-concept-to-an-outdoor-problem-based-learning-activity-for-veterinary-students
#17
T A Tengku Rinalfi Putra, Mohd Noor Mohd Hezmee, N B Farhana, H A Hassim, A R Intan-Shameha, I H Lokman, A Yusof Hamali, M S Salisi, A A A Ghani, M S Shahudin, M A L Qayyum, A Hafandi, R Speare, S G Fenwick
BACKGROUND: The One Health (OH) approach, which seeks to bring together human and animal health, is particularly suited to the effective management of zoonotic diseases across both sectors. To overcome professional silos, OH needs to be taught at the undergraduate level. Here, we describe a problem-based learning activity using the OH approach that was conducted outdoors for 3(rd)-year veterinary students in Malaysia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 118 students, divided into two groups, completed the activity which spanned 1½ days at a deer park adjacent to a wilderness area...
September 2016: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710826/-a-stressful-and-frightening-experience-children-s-nurses-perceived-readiness-to-care-for-children-with-cancer-following-pre-registration-nurse-education-a-qualitative-study
#18
Elizabeth Jestico, Teresa Finlay
BACKGROUND: In the UK children with cancer are cared for by children's nurses in a variety of settings, specialist and non-specialist. Whilst post-registration specialist education is available to some nurses, many nurses rely solely on pre-registration education to competently care for these children. This study explores whether nurses perceive that this adequately prepares them. OBJECTIVES: To explore the extent to which qualified nurses perceive that pre-registration nurse education prepares them to care for children with cancer; to consider the implications for children's nursing pre-registration curricula...
January 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707149/the-implementation-of-problem-based-learning-in-health-service-management-training-programs
#19
Mindaugas Stankunas, Katarzyna Czabanowska, Mark Avery, Ramune Kalediene, Suzanne Marie Babich
Purpose Strengthening management capacity within the health care sector could have a significant impact on population health. However, many training programs in this area are still delivered using a classic lecture-based approach. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate and better understand the feasibility of using a problem-based learning (PBL) approach in health services management training programs. Design/methodology/approach A PBL teaching approach (based on the Maastricht University model) was tested with second-year postgraduate students from the Master in Public Health Management program at the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences...
October 3, 2016: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697677/a-study-of-the-relationship-between-the-study-process-motivation-resources-and-motivation-problems-of-nursing-students-in-different-educational-systems
#20
Figen Yardimci, Murat Bektaş, Nilay Özkütük, Gonca Karayağız Muslu, Gülçin Özalp Gerçeker, Zümrüt Başbakkal
BACKGROUND: The study process is related to students' learning approaches and styles. Motivation resources and problems determine students' internal, external, and negative motivation. Analyzing the study process and motivation of students yields important indications about the nature of educational systems in higher education. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to analyze the relationship between the study process, and motivation resources and problems with regard to nursing students in different educational systems in Turkey and to reveal their effects according to a set of variables...
January 2017: Nurse Education Today
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