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"Problem based learning"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437847/dental-students-perceived-clinical-competence-in-prosthodontics-comparison-of-traditional-and-problem-based-learning-methodologies
#1
Javier Montero, Abraham Dib, Yasmina Guadilla, Javier Flores, Juan Antonio Santos, Rosa Anaya Aguilar, Cristina Gómez-Polo
The aim of this study was to compare the perceived competence for treating prosthodontic patients of two samples of fourth-year dental students: those educated using traditional methodologies and those educated using problem-based learning (PBL). Two cohorts of fourth-year dental students at a dental school in Spain were surveyed: the traditional methods cohort (n=46) was comprised of all students in academic years 2012 and 2013, and the PBL cohort (n=57) was comprised of all students in academic years 2014 and 2015...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437846/attitudes-towards-problem-based-learning-of-faculty-members-at-12-u-s-medical-and-dental-schools-a-comparative-study
#2
Ahmad Abdelkarim, Dorothy Schween, Timothy Ford
Problem-based learning (PBL) is a teaching method used in medical and dental education to promote students' problem-solving skills. It may also be a viable tool for interprofessional education in which medical and dental students learn together, collaborate, and learn about, from, and with each other. The aim of this study was to compare medical and dental faculty members' attitudes about and perceptions of PBL at 12 U.S. medical and dental schools known to use PBL. In 2015, 111 medical and 132 dental faculty members (combined n=243) from six medical and six dental schools completed a survey containing ten statements and an open comment section...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434175/can-hybrid-educational-activities-of-team-and-problem-based-learning-program-be-effective-for-japanese-medical-students
#3
Kentaro Iwata, Asako Doi
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to investigate the medical students'perceptions of the Hybrid Educational Activities between team based learning (TBL) and problem based learning (PBL) Program (HEATAPP), a novel educational program that combines characteristics of PBL and TBL. METHODS: A five-day HEATAPP on infectious diseases was provided to 4th year medical students at Kobe University School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan. After the program, a focus group discussion was held among 6 medical students who participated in HEATAPP...
November 10, 2017: Kobe Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433728/bronchoscopy-education-an-experiential-learning-theory-perspective
#4
REVIEW
Septimiu D Murgu, Jonathan S Kurman, Omar Hasan
Bronchoscopy programs implementing the experiential learning model address different learning styles. Problem-based learning improves knowledge retention, critical decision making, and communication. These modalities are preferred by learners and contribute to their engagement, in turn leading to durable learning. Follow-up after live events is warranted through spaced education strategies. The objectives of this article are to (1) summarize and illustrate the implementation of experiential learning theory for bronchoscopy courses, (2) discuss the flipped classroom model and problem-based learning, (3) illustrate bronchoscopy checklists implementation in simulation, and (4) discuss the importance of feedback and spaced learning for bronchoscopy education programs...
March 2018: Clinics in Chest Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403200/a-search-for-entrustable-professional-activities-for-the-1-st-year-pathology-postgraduate-trainees
#5
Pooja Sharma, Nadeem Tanveer, Aditi Goyal
INTRODUCTION: During the past decade, there has been a paradigm shift in medical education from the problem-based learning to competency-based training. This has forced a rethink on the way we evaluate the residents and finally give them the right to handle patients independently. This study makes the first attempt towards designing competency-based training program for pathology residents by formulating the entrustable professional activities (EPAs) for the 1 st year pathology residents...
January 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380824/problem-based-learning-in-primary-care-at-university-of-ribeir%C3%A3-o-preto-unaerp-in-brazil
#6
COMMENT
Gustavo Salata Romão, Reinaldo Bulgarelli Bestetti, Lucélio Bernardes Couto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364744/what-did-first-year-students-experience-during-their-interprofessional-education-a-qualitative-analysis-of-e-portfolios
#7
Rintaro Imafuku, Ryuta Kataoka, Hiroshi Ogura, Hisayoshi Suzuki, Megumi Enokida, Keitaro Osakabe
Interprofessional collaboration is an essential approach to comprehensive patient care. As previous studies have argued, interprofessional education (IPE) must be integrated in a stepwise, systematic manner in undergraduate health profession education programmes. Given this perspective, first-year IPE is a critical opportunity for building the foundation of interprofessional collaborative practice. This study aims to explore the first-year students' learning processes and the longitudinal changes in their perceptions of learning in a year-long IPE programme...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355884/developing-a-serious-game-for-nurse-education
#8
Hege Mari Johnsen, Mariann Fossum, Pirashanthie Vivekananda-Schmidt, Ann Fruhling, Åshild Slettebø
Future nursing education is challenged to develop innovative and effective programs that align with current changes in health care and to educate nurses with a high level of clinical reasoning skills, evidence-based knowledge, and professional autonomy. Serious games (SGs) are computer-based simulations that combine knowledge and skills development with video game-playing aspects to enable active, experiential, situated, and problem-based learning. In a PhD project, a video-based SG was developed to teach nursing students nursing care for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in home health care and hospital settings...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355064/how-learners-learn-a-new-microanalytic-assessment-method-to-mapdecision-making
#9
Phillippa Smith, Gerry Corrigan
BACKGROUND: Microanalytic techniques have shown considerable potential as avenues for understanding learning in a range of learning contexts. If a microanalytic approach is to be tested for utility, a suitable learning context is required. We chose problem-based learning (PBL) tutorials as our context. AIMS: We sought to determine if a new microanalytic approach is suitable for investigating the learning decisions made by students during PBL and what this form of microanalysis reveals...
January 21, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353536/a-progressive-three-phase-innovation-to-medical-education-in-the-united-states
#10
Cory M Pfeifer
The practice of medicine has changed greatly over the past 100 years, yet the structure of undergraduate medical education has evolved very little. Many schools have modified their curricula to incorporate problem-based learning and organ systems-based curricula, but few schools have adequately addressed rising tuition costs. Undergraduate medical education has become cost-prohibitive for students interested in primary care. In the meanwhile, the concept of a separate dedicated intern year is outdated and mired in waste despite remaining a requirement for several hospital-based and surgical specialties...
December 2018: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306578/utility-of-a-standardized-fourth-year-medical-student-surgical-preparatory-curriculum-program-director-perceptions
#11
Melissa K Stewart, Rebecca C Henry, Jesse M Ehrenfeld, Kyla P Terhune
OBJECTIVE: Each July, surgical interns arrive to residency with variable skills, knowledge, and clinical experience. To standardize and improve intern preparation, the American College of Surgeons (ACS), Association of Program Directors in Surgery, and Association for Surgical Education developed a pilot Resident Prep Curriculum (RPC). To date, no studies have analyzed these efforts. We aimed to discern program director (PD) perceptions of RPC participants as an initial means of analysis...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286990/self-directed-learning-readiness-is-independent-of-teaching-and-learning-approach-in-undergraduate-nursing-education
#12
Nomawethu Qamata-Mtshali, Judith C Bruce
Selecting appropriate teaching and learning strategies within an overarching teaching philosophy is 1 way of influencing nursing students' self-directedness. We conducted research to compare the self-directed learning readiness and learning attributes in different years of study of undergraduate nursing students who are exposed to traditional, lecture-based learning and problem-based learning strategies. We found that readiness for self-directed learning is not dependent on the dominant teaching-learning strategy used in the nursing program...
December 29, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285857/update-on-research-and-application-of-problem-based-learning-in-medical-science-education
#13
Chuifeng Fan, Biying Jiang, Xiuying Shi, Enhua Wang, Qingchang Li
Problem-based learning (PBL) is a unique form of pedagogy dedicated to developing students' self-learning and clinical practice skills. After several decades of development, although applications vary, PBL has been recognized all over the world and implemented by many medical schools. This review summarizes and updates the application and study of PBL in medical education through the literature published between 1993 and early 2017. It focuses on understanding real medical PBL courses and ways to improve PBL to achieve better learning outcomes...
December 29, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239085/developing-educators-of-european-undergraduate-dental-students-towards-an-agreed-curriculum
#14
S Chuenjitwongsa, R G Oliver, A D Bullock
INTRODUCTION: Recent developments in European dental education are student-focused, concerned with competency-based and problem-based learning. The development of dental educators has so far received little consideration. This study aimed to agree curriculum content for developing dental educators so that they are better able to support changing undergraduate dental education. METHODS: Adopting consensus methodology, a 2-round Delphi was conducted in 2012. Fifty-three dental educators and 39 dental students across Europe volunteered to take part...
December 14, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233448/introducing-problem-based-learning-into-a-canadian-accredited-middle-eastern-educational-setting
#15
Ziad G Nasr, Kyle John Wilby
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Adaption of active learning strategies into new cultures and contexts requires careful consideration to maximize effectiveness and meet intended objectives. The aim of this paper was to describe the adaption and implementation of problem-based learning (PBL) within a pharmacy curriculum in a Middle Eastern context. EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY AND SETTING: PBL was implemented into the curriculum at Qatar University in 2014 and expanded in subsequent years to include differing courses and contexts...
July 2017: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226227/online-platform-as-a-tool-to-support-postgraduate-training-in-general-practice-a-case-report
#16
Lorena Dini, Claire Galanski, Susanne Döpfmer, Sabine Gehrke-Beck, Gudrun Bayer, Martin Boeckle, Isabel Micheel, Jasminko Novak, Christoph Heintze
Objective: Physicians in postgraduate training (PPT) in General Practice (GP) typically have very little interaction with their peers, as there is usually only one resident physician working in their respective department or GP office at a given time. Therefore, the online platform KOLEGEA, presented here, aims to support postgraduate training in general practice (PT in GP) in Germany through virtual interaction. Methodology: In 2012, the interdisciplinary research project KOLEGEA set up an online platform that any physicians in PT in GP can use for free after registration with their unitary continuous education number (Einheitliche Fortbildungsnummer, EFN)...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221459/team-based-learning-tbl-in-the-medical-curriculum-better-than-pbl
#17
Annette Burgess, Jane Bleasel, Inam Haq, Chris Roberts, Roger Garsia, Tomas Robertson, Craig Mellis
BACKGROUND: Internationally, medical schools have long used a variety of approaches to develop hybrid Problem based learning (PBL) curricula. However, Team-based learning (TBL), has gained recent popularity in medical education. TBL maintains the advantages of small group teaching and learning, but in contrast to Problem-based learning (PBL), does not require large numbers of tutors. In 2016, TBL was introduced to Year 1 of the Sydney Medical Program (SMP).This study sought to compare students' perceptions of using TBL in place of PBL...
December 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214863/impact-of-a-weight-management-intervention-on-eating-competence-importance-of-measurement-interval-in-protocol-design
#18
Barbara Lohse, Jodi Stotts Krall, Tricia Psota, Penny Kris-Etherton
PURPOSE: To examine changes in eating competence (EC) in 12-month weight loss intervention. DESIGN: Randomized, parallel-arm with weight loss phase (baseline to month 4) and weight-maintenance phase (months 4-12). SETTING: Face-to-face in University classrooms, supervised and self-directed fitness sessions at University fitness center, and home. PARTICIPANTS: Premenopausal, mostly college-educated Pennsylvania women, body mass index >25 (n = 101)...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207458/implementation-of-problem-based-learning-in-medical-education-in-korea
#19
Sanghee Yeo, Bong Hyun Chang
PURPOSE: This study aims to identify how problem-based learning (PBL) has been implemented in Korean medical education, and how it is evaluated by each medical school. METHODS: For this study, a total of 40 medical schools in Korea were surveyed via e-mail. The survey tool was a questionnaire consisting of 22 questions which was developed independently by the researchers. RESULTS: Of the 40 medical schools, 35 schools were implementing PBL programs in their medical curriculum, while five were found not currently to be running the program...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169067/the-role-of-personal-resilience-and-personality-traits-of-healthcare-students-on-their-attitudes-towards-interprofessional-collaboration
#20
Michal Avrech Bar, Michal Katz Leurer, Sigalit Warshawski, Michal Itzhaki
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional collaboration (IPC) improves communication between healthcare workers and healthcare delivery. Interprofessional education (IPE) is essential in preparing healthcare students for cooperating with other healthcare disciplines in a real work setting. Although higher education settings have a responsibility to provide collaborative healthcare practice to students, IPE has not yet been prompted worldwide as a formal division in health professional education and in Israel IPE among health professions students is scarce...
November 15, 2017: Nurse Education Today
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