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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668075/a-comparison-of-debate-and-role-play-in-enhancing-critical-thinking-and-communication-skills-of-medical-students-during-problem-based-learning
#1
Rabia Latif, Sadaf Mumtaz, Rafia Mumtaz, Aamir Hussain
Debate and role play for learning critical thinking and communication skills are being increasingly used in various undergraduate medical schools worldwide. We aim to compare students' views about effectiveness of two teaching strategies; debate and role play to exercise critical thinking and communication skills during problem-based learning (PBL). This is a comparative, cross-sectional, and questionnaire-based study. Our subjects were second year undergraduate female medical students enrolled in Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University (IAU), College of Medicine from September 2014-2016, divided into 10 small PBL groups (10-13 students/group/year)...
April 18, 2018: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651529/application-of-problem-based-learning-in-instrumental-analysis-teaching-at-northeast-agricultural-university
#2
Shuang Gao, Yuxin Wang, Bin Jiang, Ying Fu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 13, 2018: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643904/assessment-of-collaborative-problem-solving-skills-in-undergraduate-medical-students-at-ziauddin-college-of-medicine-karachi
#3
Arsalan Manzoor Mughal, Sirajul Haque Shaikh
Objective: Collaborative Problem Solving Empirical Progressions from the Assessment and Teaching of 21st Century Skills (ATC21S) framework were used to determine the level of collaborative problem solving skills (CPS) in first, second and third year MBBS students at Ziauddin College of Medicine during Problem-Based Learning (PBL) sessions. Variations based on gender and roles were studied. Methods: It is an analytical comparative cross-sectional study in which seven PBL groups were selected per year by non-probability convenient sampling...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629391/medical-students-perceptions-of-small-group-teaching-effectiveness-in-hybrid-curriculum
#4
Pradeep Kumar Sahu, Shivananda Nayak, Vincent Rodrigues
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was designed to investigate medical students' perceptions of small group teaching effectiveness in a hybrid curriculum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional, descriptive survey was conducted at the School of Medicine, The University of the West Indies, St. Augustine where we collected the data from 195 undergraduate students. A self-administered questionnaire consisting of 25 items was used to measure students' perception on the effectiveness of problem-based learning (PBL) with regard to learning experience, teamwork, confidence, communication skills, and role of the tutor...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616568/a-large-drawing-of-a-nephron-for-teaching-medical-students-renal-physiology-histology-and-pharmacology
#5
Philip G Robinson, David Newman, Cara L Reitz, Lena Z Vaynberg, Dalbir K Bahga, Morton H Levitt
The purpose of this study is to see whether a large drawing of a nephron helped medical students in self-directed learning groups learn renal physiology, histology, and pharmacology before discussing clinical cases. The end points were the grades on the renal examination and a student survey. The classes in the fall of 2014 and 2015 used the drawing, but not those of 2012 and 2013. The Charles E. Schmidt College of Medicine at Florida Atlantic University is a newly formed Florida medical school, which enrolled its first class in the fall of 2011...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588434/implementing-of-a-problem-based-learning-strategy-in-a-saudi-medical-school-requisites-and-challenges
#6
Mutasim Ibrahim, Abdullah Al-Shahrani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557838/developing-a-problem-based-learning-approach-to-the-integration-of-environmental-and-occupational-health-topics-into-medical-school-curriculum
#7
Anisha Garg, Karen B Mulloy
OBJECTIVES: Pilot study incorporating environmental and occupational health (EOH) learning objectives into medical school curriculum using problem based learning approach. METHODS: 184 Case Western Reserve University medical students participated in problem based learning curriculum emphasizing EOH topics. Multiple choice (MCQ), short essay (SEQ), and summative short essay (SSEQ) questions assessed student knowledge. Two rating scale questions and one open-ended question determined student attitudes and confidence...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550674/how-does-questioning-influence-nursing-students-clinical-reasoning-in-problem-based-learning-a-scoping-review
#8
REVIEW
Sophia Merisier, Caroline Larue, Louise Boyer
BACKGROUND: Problem-based learning is an educational method promoting clinical reasoning that has been implemented in many fields of health education. Questioning is a learning strategy often employed in problem-based learning sessions. AIM: To explore what is known about the influence of questioning on the promotion of clinical reasoning of students in health care education, specifically in the field of nursing and using the educational method of problem-based learning...
March 10, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543568/impact-of-a-problem-based-learning-pbl-health-literacy-program-on-immigrant-women-s-health-literacy-health-empowerment-navigation-efficacy-and-health-care-utilization
#9
Tzu-I Tsai, Shoou-Yih D Lee, Wen-Ry Yu
We evaluated the effectiveness of a problem-based learning (PBL) health literacy program aimed to improve health literacy, health empowerment, navigation efficacy, and health care utilization among immigrant women in Taiwan. We employed a quasi-experimental design that included surveys at the baseline, immediately after the intervention, and 6 months after the intervention. The intervention group participated in a 10-session PBL health literacy program and the comparison group did not. Results showed that 6 months after the intervention, the intervention group had significantly fewer ER visits and hospitalizations than the comparison group...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531882/creating-a-student-centered-learning-environment-implementation-of-problem-based-learning-to-teach-microbiology-to-undergraduate-medical-students
#10
Venkataramana Kandi, Parimala Reddy Basireddy
Introduction Medical education involves training necessary to become a physician or a surgeon. This includes various levels of training like undergraduate, internship, and postgraduate training. Medical education can be quite complex, since it involves training in pre-clinical subjects (anatomy, physiology, biochemistry), the para-clinical subjects (microbiology, pathology, pharmacology, and forensic medicine), and a discrete group of clinical subjects that include general medicine, surgery, obstetrics and gynaecology, ear, nose and throat specialization, paediatrics, cardiology, pulmonology, dermatology, ophthalmology, and orthopaedics, and many other clinical specializations and super specialities (cardio-thoracic surgery, neurosurgery, etc...
January 5, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515274/incorporating-problem-based-learning-into-medical-curriculum-an-experience-from-a-medical-college-in-mangalore
#11
Nithin Kumar, Tanuj Kanchan, Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan, Rekha Thapar, Prasanna Mithra, Vaman Kulkarni, Ramesh Holla, Darshan Bhagwan, Yeshwanter Radhakrishnan
BACKGROUND: The Medical Council of India (MCI) has envisioned a change in the undergraduate medical curriculum by encouraging integrated teaching and Problem Based Learning (PBL). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study 110 medical teachers of Kasturba Medical College, Mangalore were assessed regarding their perception on PBL. Independent t -test was applied to find out the difference in the mean perception scores regarding PBL among the teachers in pre/para-clinical and clinical departments and P < 0...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510609/an-analysis-of-medical-students-reflective-essays-in-problem-based-learning
#12
Jihyun Si
PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore students' learning experience in problem-based learning (PBL) particularly in terms of what they learned and how they learned in one Korean medical school by analyzing their reflective essays with qualitative research methods. METHODS: This study included 44 first-year medical students. They took three consecutive PBL courses and wrote reflective essays 3 times anonymously on the last day of each course. Their reflective essays were analyzed using an inductive content analysis method...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505078/instructor-created-activities-to-engage-undergraduate-nursing-research-students
#13
Linda L Pierce, Kristina M Reuille
BACKGROUND: In flipped or blended classrooms, instruction intentionally shifts to a student-centered model for a problem-based learning approach, where class time explores topics in greater depth, creating meaningful learning opportunities. METHOD: This article describes instructor-created activities focused on research processes linked to evidence-based practice that engage undergraduate nursing research students. In the classroom, these activities include individual and team work to foster critical thinking and stimulate student discussion of topic material...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497698/a-model-of-interprofessional-problem-based-learning-for-medical-and-nursing-students-implementation-evaluation-and-implications-for-future-implementation
#14
Adina Dreier-Wolfgramm, Sabine Homeyer, Roman F Oppermann, Wolfgang Hoffmann
Objective: In Germany there is little evidence of interprofessional problem-based learning (PBL) to date. For this reason a corresponding course for medical and nursing students was implemented. The goal was to analyse the feasibility and usefulness from the point of view of the students. Method: For the purposes of evaluation a quantitative observational study was conducted with a pre-course survey, a teaching evaluation and a post-course survey. The pre- and post-course surveys took place before the commencement of and after the conclusion of learning...
2018: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490527/steps-in-the-basic-clinical-skills-curriculum
#15
Liris Benjamin, Griffin Benjamin, Carlita Benjamin, Nancy Selfridge
PURPOSE: Historically medical curricula evolved through significant developmental milestones in teaching methodologies. This paper follows the growth chart of the basic clinical skills curriculum that occurred universally over the years, with emphasis on the last ten years of curricular steps at Ross University School of Medicine. METHODS: This is article is a literature review. It is a summary of the authors' opinions following review of prior publications and discussions with academic personnel involved in curricular development...
February 28, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489669/effects-of-problem-based-learning-in-chinese-radiology-education-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Song Zhang, Jiancheng Xu, Hongwei Wang, Dong Zhang, Qichuan Zhang, Liguang Zou
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the problem-based learning (PBL) teaching method has been extensively applied as an experimental educational method in Chinese radiology education. However, the results of individual studies were inconsistent and inconclusive. A meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the effects of PBL on radiology education in China. METHODS: Databases of Chinese and English languages were searched from inception up to November 2017. The standard mean difference (SMD) with its 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was used to determine the over effects of PBL compared with the traditional teaching method...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488009/innovating-undergraduate-pathology-education-through-public-engagement
#17
Navin Mukundu Nagesh, Bogdan Chiva Giurca, Suzy Lishman
The trends in modern undergraduate medical education focus on a patient-centred approach through problem-based learning over the traditional modular curriculum. Integrating pathology into this style of learning has resulted in the dilution of core scientific principles which may have contributed to reduced understanding and interest in the subject. We aim to innovate pathology education by utilising National Pathology Week which is organised by the Royal College of Pathologists to develop the public engagement model which empowers students to learn pathology by teaching the public...
February 27, 2018: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477962/teaching-respectful-maternity-care-using-an-intellectual-partnership-model-in-tanzania
#18
Karline Wilson-Mitchell, Jamie Robinson, Mary Sharpe
OBJECTIVE: to develop and deliver a two-day Respectful Maternity Care workshop for midwives using Intellectual Partnership Model principles SETTING: rural Tanzania BACKGROUND: respectful Maternity Care is an objective, measurable indicator of quality maternal newborn care INTERVENTIONS: using the Intellectual Partnership Model, educators facilitated cocreation of solutions alongside learners for complex ethical and logistic problems in the workplace FINDINGS: the mean scores on a 10-item multiple choice test increased by 20% on average following completion of the interventions; however 2-year certificate learners were less prepared for critical thinking work and social innovations than those midwives who had 3 or 4 year formal training KEY CONCLUSIONS: the implementation of the Intellectual Partnership Model revealed that midwife learners were creative, innovative, context specific in their social innovation creations related to Respectful Maternity Care when supported by respectful facilitators...
February 7, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476666/problem-based-learning-implementation-in-a-health-sciences-blended-learning-program-in-argentina
#19
María L Cavicchia, Aana M Cusumano, Daniela V Bottino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437847/dental-students-perceived-clinical-competence-in-prosthodontics-comparison-of-traditional-and-problem-based-learning-methodologies
#20
Javier Montero, Abraham Dib, Yasmina Guadilla, Javier Flores, Juan Antonio Santos, Rosa Anaya Aguilar, Cristina Gómez-Polo
The aim of this study was to compare the perceived competence for treating prosthodontic patients of two samples of fourth-year dental students: those educated using traditional methodologies and those educated using problem-based learning (PBL). Two cohorts of fourth-year dental students at a dental school in Spain were surveyed: the traditional methods cohort (n=46) was comprised of all students in academic years 2012 and 2013, and the PBL cohort (n=57) was comprised of all students in academic years 2014 and 2015...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Education
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