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"Problem based learning"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494627/problem-based-learning-in-occupational-therapy-curriculum-implications-and-challenges
#1
Michal Avrech Bar, Margalit Pade, Tal Jarus, Sarah Gat, Yael Kaufman Cohen, Lena Lipskaya-Velikovsky
PURPOSE: Problem-based learning (PBL) is an educational method that fosters self-directed study in small groups. The purpose of this study was to describe the Tel Aviv University's occupational therapy (OT) program and the challenges implementing such program. In addition, the study compared the PBL grades obtained by students who are native Hebrew speakers with those students who are native Arabic speakers; and, assessed the correlation between the grades in the PBL course and the grades in the clinical fieldwork studies...
May 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474477/evaluation-of-an-innovative-evidence-guided-pbl-approach
#2
Hilary Neve, Stephanie Bull, Helen Lloyd, Kerry Gilbert, Karen Mattick
AIM: To understand the experiences of students and problem-based learning (PBL) facilitators during an evidence-based curriculum change to a PBL programme within an undergraduate medical course in South West England. METHODS: Four novel PBL cases were designed and implemented, based on educational theory and evidence. Eight focus groups were undertaken with Year-1 and -2 students (n = 18) and PBL facilitators (n = 14) to explore the experiences of participants...
May 5, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468706/problem-based-learning-for-didactic-presentation-to-baccalaureate-nursing-students
#3
Susan Montenery
Nursing judgment is an essential component in the delivery of safe, quality patient care. Nurses must have the knowledge and skills to question authority, make judgments, substantiate evidence, and advocate for the patient. Traditional pedagogy in content-laden courses remains primarily lecture based. Incorporating active strategies to strengthen professional practice is essential. A pilot study assessed senior baccalaureate nursing students' perceptions of problem-based learning (PBL) and their readiness for self-directed learning...
May 1, 2017: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463733/investigation-of-self-compassion-self-confidence-and-submissive-behaviors-of-nursing-students-studying-in-different-curriculums
#4
Şahizer Eraydın, Şerife Karagözoğlu
INTRODUCTION: Today, nursing education which educates the future members of the nursing profession aims to gain them high self-esteem, selfconfidence and self-compassion, independence, assertiveness and ability to establish good human relations. This aim can only be achieved through a contemporary curriculum supporting students in the educational process and enabling those in charge to make arrangements by taking the characters and needs of each individual into account. OBJECTIVE: The study aims to investigate self-compassion, self-confidence and submissive behaviours of undergraduate nursing students studying in different curriculums...
April 12, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458432/rational-drug-therapy-education-in-clinical-phase-carried-out-by-task-based-learning
#5
S Sırrı Bilge, Bahar Akyüz, Arzu Erdal Ağrı, Mıdık Özlem
OBJECTIVES: Irrational drug use results in drug interactions, treatment noncompliance, and drug resistance. Rational pharmacotherapy education is being implemented in many faculties of medicine. Our aim is to introduce rational pharmacotherapy education by clinicians and to evaluate task-based rational drug therapy education in the clinical context. METHODS: The Kirkpatrick's evaluation model was used for the evaluation of the program. The participants evaluated the program in terms of constituents of the program, utilization, and contribution to learning...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440094/small-group-activities-within-academic-communities-improve-the-connectedness-of-students-and-faculty
#6
Katharina Brandl, Stephen D Schneid, Sunny Smith, Babbi Winegarden, Jess Mandel, Carolyn J Kelly
BACKGROUND: The University of California, San Diego, School of Medicine implemented a curriculum change that included reduction of lectures, incorporation of problem-based learning and other small group activities. Six academic communities were introduced for teaching longitudinal curricular content and organizing extracurricular activities. METHODS: Surveys were collected from 904 first- and second-year medical students over 6 years. Student satisfaction data with their sense of connectedness and community support were collected before and after the implementation of the new curriculum...
April 25, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421176/distributed-learning-revitalizing-anesthesiology-training-in-resource-limited-ethiopia
#7
Krupa B Patel, Morgan Dooley, Ananya Abate, Vanessa Moll
BACKGROUND: Ethiopia has a significant paucity of available health-care workers. Despite the increasing number of medical schools, there are not enough physician instructors. Furthermore, availability and standardization of postgraduate training are lacking. Modalities of e-learning have been shown to be successful when used to impart medical education in other resource-limited countries. The Emory University and Addis Ababa University (AAU) Departments of Anesthesiology have formed a collaboration with the intent of improving the AAU Anesthesiology residency program, one of two postgraduate training programs for anesthesiology in Ethiopia...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414998/a-qualitative-study-on-using-concept-maps-in-problem-based-learning
#8
Zenobia C Y Chan
BACKGROUND: The visual arts, including concept maps, have been shown to be effective tools for facilitating student learning. However, the use of concept maps in nursing education has been under-explored. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to explore how students develop concept maps and what these concept maps consist of, and their views on the use of concept maps as a learning activity in a PBL class. DESIGN: A qualitative approach consisting of an analysis of the contents of the concept maps and interviews with students...
April 12, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394062/case-construction-flipping-the-problem-based-learning-structure-through-student-created-cases
#9
Matthew Rustici, Jacob Whitsitt, Matthew Roberts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381336/hybrid-simulation-utilizing-problem-based-learning-and-task-trainer-for-central-venous-catheter-insertion-training
#10
Nobuyasu Komasawa, Benjamin W Berg, Toshiaki Minami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377331/problem-based-learning-in-laboratory-medicine-resident-education-a-satisfaction-survey
#11
Quentin Lepiller, Morgane Solis, Aurélie Velay, Pierre Gantner, Charlotte Sueur, Françoise Stoll-Keller, Heidi Barth, Samira Fafi-Kremer
Theoretical knowledge in biology and medicine plays a substantial role in laboratory medicine resident education. In this study, we assessed the contribution of problem-based learning (PBL) to improve the training of laboratory medicine residents during their internship in the department of virology, Strasbourg University Hospital, France. We compared the residents' satisfaction regarding an educational program based on PBL and a program based on lectures and presentations. PBL induced a high level of satisfaction (100%) among residents compared to lectures and presentations (53%)...
April 1, 2017: Annales de Biologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375572/dental-students-knowledge-regarding-the-indications-for-antibiotics-in-the-management-of-endodontic-infections
#12
M Martín-Jiménez, B Martín-Biedma, J López-López, O Alonso-Ezpeleta, E Velasco-Ortega, M C Jiménez-Sánchez, J J Segura-Egea
AIM: To determine the knowledge of undergraduate Spanish dental students regarding the indications of systemic antibiotics in the management of endodontic infections. METHODOLOGY: The final year dental students from four Spanish Dental Schools were requested to answer a one-page questionnaire on the indications for systemic antibiotics in the treatment of endodontic infections. One hundred and seventy-five students were asked to participate in this research. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and chi square test...
April 4, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365611/top-cited-articles-in-problem-based-learning-a-bibliometric-analysis-and-quality-of-evidence-assessment
#13
REVIEW
Samy A Azer
The aims of this study were to identify characteristics of the top-cited articles in problem-based learning (PBL) and assess the quality of evidence provided by these articles. The most frequently cited articles on PBL were searched in April 2015 in the Science Citation Index Expanded database (List A) and Google Scholar database (List B). Eligible articles identified were reviewed for key characteristics. The Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine guidelines were used in assessing the level of evidence...
April 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315145/educational-intervention-on-undergraduate-cancer-awareness-and-self-directed-learning
#14
Lih-Lian Hwang
Traditional lecture-based learning (LBL) can increase cancer awareness in undergraduates. However, because of the rapidly changing knowledge base in medicine, undergraduates must develop skills required for lifelong self-directed learning (SDL). Problem-based learning (PBL) has been suggested as an SDL approach. This study used a nonequivalent control group with a pretest-posttest design for comparing PBL and LBL for their effectiveness in increasing cancer awareness and SDL among nonmedicine or nonnursing major undergraduates in a health-related general education course...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304001/students-perceptions-of-usefulness-of-anatomy-demonstrations-in-traditional-and-hybrid-undergraduate-medical-education-curricula
#15
Ayesha Saba Naz, Rehana Rehman, Zehra Jamil, Khalid Ahmed, Ambreen Surti
A cross-sectional study was carried out to study students' perceptions on the usefulness of Anatomy demonstrations (AD) in the undergraduate medical education by comparing the Conventional Medical College (CMC) and problem-based learning as hybrid curriculum (HMC). Purposive sampling technique was used and all students were included. The completed questionnaire responses were returned by 92 CMC and 87 HMC students. CMC cohort understood the structural relationship more than HMC (p=0.03). AD helped 50 students (54%) of CMC to get through the theory examination, however 73 (84%) students of HMC found them useful in preparation for theory examinations (p<0...
March 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296651/the-predictive-validity-of-a-text-based-situational-judgment-test-in-undergraduate-medical-and-dental-school-admissions
#16
Fiona Patterson, Fran Cousans, Helena Edwards, Anna Rosselli, Sandra Nicholson, Barry Wright
PROBLEM: Situational judgment tests (SJTs) can be used to assess the nonacademic attributes necessary for medical and dental trainees to become successful practitioners. Evidence for SJTs' predictive validity, however, relates predominantly to selection in postgraduate settings or using video-based SJTs at the undergraduate level; it may not be directly transferable to text-based SJTs in undergraduate medical and dental school selection. This preliminary study aimed to address these gaps by assessing the validity of the UK Clinical Aptitude Test (UKCAT) text-based SJT...
March 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295496/virtual-patients-in-problem-based-learning
#17
Hossam Hamdy, Ayad Al-Moslih, Giulio Tavarnesi, Andrea Laus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285165/effect-of-a-pbl-teaching-method-on-learning-about-nursing-care-for-patients-with-depression
#18
Marta Arrue, Begoña Ruiz de Alegría, Jagoba Zarandona, Itziar Hoyos Cillero
BACKGROUND: Depression is a worldwide public health problem that requires the attention of qualified health professionals. The training of skilled nurses is a challenge for nursing instructors due to the complexity of this pathology. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to analyse the declarative and argumentative knowledge acquired about depression by students receiving traditional expository instruction versus students receiving problem-based learning instruction. METHODS: Quasi-experimental study with pre-test and post-test design in experimental and control group to measure differences in the improvement of declarative and argumentative knowledge...
February 27, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280404/assessment-test-before-the-reporting-phase-of-tutorial-session-in-problem-based-learning
#19
Reinaldo B Bestetti, Lucélio B Couto, Carolina Ba Restini, Milton Faria, Gustavo S Romão
PURPOSE: In our context, problem-based learning is not used in the preuniversity environment. Consequently, students have a great deal of difficulty adapting to this method, particularly regarding self-study before the reporting phase of a tutorial session. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to assess if the application of an assessment test (multiple choice questions) before the reporting phase of a tutorial session would improve the academic achievement of students at the preclinical stage of our medical course...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245193/problem-based-learning-using-patient-simulated-videos-showing-daily-life-for-a-comprehensive-clinical-approach
#20
Akiko Ikegami, Yoshiyuki Ohira, Takanori Uehara, Kazutaka Noda, Shingo Suzuki, Kiyoshi Shikino, Hideki Kajiwara, Takeshi Kondo, Yusuke Hirota, Masatomi Ikusaka
Objectives: We examined whether problem-based learning tutorials using patient-simulated videos showing daily life are more practical for clinical learning, compared with traditional paper-based problem-based learning, for the consideration rate of psychosocial issues and the recall rate for experienced learning. Methods: Twenty-two groups with 120 fifth-year students were each assigned paper-based problem-based learning and video-based problem-based learning using patient-simulated videos...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
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