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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707636/implementation-and-evaluation-of-a-patient-safety-course-in-a-problem-based-learning-program
#1
Sarah Ahmed Eltony, Nahla Hassan El-Sayed, Shimaa El-Sayed El-Araby, Salah Eldin Kassab
BACKGROUND: Since the development of the WHO patient safety curriculum guide, there has been insufficient reporting regarding the implementation and evaluation of patient safety courses in undergraduate problem-based learning (PBL) programs. This study is designed to implement a patient safety course to undergraduate students in a PBL medical school and evaluate this course by examining its effects on students' knowledge and satisfaction. METHODS: The target population included year 6 medical students (n = 71) at the Faculty of Medicine, Suez Canal University in Egypt...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707630/how-innovative-and-conventional-curricula-prepare-medical-students-for-practice-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-comparative-study-from-mozambique
#2
Janneke M Frambach, Beatriz A F Manuel, Afonso M T Fumo, Bernard Groosjohan, Cees P M Van Der Vleuten, Erik W Driessen
BACKGROUND: Medical education in Sub-Saharan Africa is in need of reform to promote the number and quality of physicians trained. Curriculum change and innovation in this region, however, face a challenging context that may affect curriculum outcomes. Research on outcomes of curriculum innovation in Sub-Saharan Africa is scarce. We investigated curriculum outcomes in a Sub-Saharan African context by comparing students' perceived preparedness for practice within three curricula in Mozambique: a conventional curriculum and two innovative curricula...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706545/effect-of-face-to-face-education-problem-based-learning-and-goldstein-systematic-training-model-on-quality-of-life-and-fatigue-among-caregivers-of-patients-with-diabetes
#3
Reza Masoudi, Mohammad Ali Soleimani, Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh, Shahram Baraz, Ashrafalsadat Hakim, Yiong H Chan
BACKGROUND: Education is a fundamental component for patients with diabetes to achieve good glycemic control. In addition, selecting the appropriate method of education is one of the most effective factors in the quality of life. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of face-to-face education, problem-based learning, and Goldstein systematic training model on the quality of life (QOL) and fatigue among caregivers of patients with diabetes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted in Hajar Hospital (Shahrekord, Iran) in 2012...
May 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696053/learning-effectiveness-and-satisfaction-of-international-medical-students-introducing-a-hybrid-pbl-curriculum-in-biochemistry
#4
Qiu Yan, Li Ma, Lina Zhu, Wenli Zhang
A biochemistry course is a fundamental but important subject in medical education in China. In recent years, the number of international medical students has increased. Curriculum reform in biochemistry teaching is needed because of the knowledge limitations of students, a close linkage of biochemical content with clinics, the shortcomings of lecture-centered teaching, and the requirements for early clinical practice training and competence. In this study, we analyzed a novel curriculum reform, "Hybrid-PBL," which combined problem-based learning (PBL) with biochemistry lectures and was implemented for biochemical teaching at Dalian Medical University (DMU) in China...
July 8, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690440/locate-the-lesion-a-project-based-learning-case-that-stimulates-comprehension-and-application-of-neuroanatomy
#5
Michele L Lemons
A fictitious patient, Mr. Challenge, is admitted to the emergency room and displays symptoms consistent with damage to the central nervous system. In this problem-based learning case, students are challenged to determine the location of a lesion that is consistent with Mr. Challenge's symptoms. Students discover details about Mr. Challenge's symptoms while exploring three anatomical pathways: corticospinal tract, spinothalamic tract and medial lemniscal pathway. Students make predictions as to which of these pathways may be damaged in Mr...
2017: Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education: JUNE: a Publication of FUN, Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679577/learning-through-debate-during-problem-based-learning-an-active-learning-strategy
#6
Sadaf Mumtaz, Rabia Latif
We explored medical student's views and perceptions of a series of debates conducted during problem-based learning (PBL) practiced as a part of the Spiral curriculum at the Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Saudi Arabia. A series of debates were employed during PBL sessions for second-year female medical students, over the period 2014-2016. Each cohort of students was randomly split into 10 small PBL groups and exposed to weekly PBL activity. Within each group, the students were divided into a proposition half and an opposition half...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674300/systematic-and-stepwise-interprofessional-education-in-showa-university
#7
Yuji Kiuchi
 At Showa University, which consists of the schools of medicine, dentistry, pharmacy, nursing and rehabilitation sciences, systematic interprofessional education was introduced with the cooperation of all 4 schools and through all undergraduate grades with the purpose of training medical staff who can contribute positively to the medical team. In the lower grades, students study the basics of medical team care based on a 4-school joint curriculum of experience learning (such as early exposure) and problem-based learning (PBL) tutorial inside and outside of the university...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632009/self-observation-and-peer-feedback-as-a-faculty-development-approach-for-problem-based-learning-tutors-a-program-evaluation
#8
Irène Garcia, Richard W James, Paul Bischof, Anne Baroffio
PROBLEM: Good teaching requires spontaneous, immediate, and appropriate action in response to various situations. It is even more crucial in problem-based learning (PBL) tutorials, as the tutors, while directing students toward the identification and attainment of learning objectives, must stimulate them to contribute to the process and provide them with constructive feedback. PBL tutors in medicine lack opportunities to receive feedback from their peers on their teaching strategies. Moreover, as tutorials provide little or no time to stop and think, more could be learned by reflecting on the experience than from the experience itself...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622266/an-integrative-literature-review-of-evidence-based-teaching-strategies-for-nurse-educators
#9
Cecile Breytenbach, Wilma Ten Ham-Baloyi, Portia J Jordan
AIM: The aim of the study was to explore and describe the best available literature on evidence-based teaching strategies that can be used by nurse educators. BACKGROUND: Evidence-based teaching strategies in nursing education are fundamental to promote an in-depth understanding of information. Although some teaching strategies for nurse educators were identified, no integrative literature review was found summarizing the best teaching strategies for nurse educators...
July 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612400/in-search-of-educational-efficiency-30-years-of-medical-education-s-top-cited-articles
#10
J Cristian Rangel, Carrie Cartmill, Maria Athina Martimianakis, Ayelet Kuper, Cynthia R Whitehead
CONTEXT: Academic journals represent shared spaces wherein the significance of thematic areas, methodologies and paradigms are debated and shaped through collective engagement. By studying journals in their historical and cultural contexts, the academic community can gain insight into the ways in which authors and audiences propose, develop, harness, revise and discard research subjects, methodologies and practices. METHODS: Thirty top-cited articles published in Medical Education between 1986 and 2014 were analysed in a two-step process...
June 14, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600042/the-effectiveness-of-clinical-problem-based-learning-model-of-medico-jurisprudence-education-on-general-law-knowledge-for-obstetrics-gynecological-interns
#11
Hui-Chin Chang, Ning-Yen Wang, Wen-Ru Ko, You-Tsz Yu, Long-Yau Lin, Hui-Fang Tsai
OBJECTIVE: The effective education method of medico-jurisprudence for medical students is unclear. The study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of problem-based learning (PBL) model teaching medico-jurisprudence in clinical setting on General Law Knowledge (GLK) for medical students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Senior medical students attending either campus-based law curriculum or Obstetrics/Gynecology (Ob/Gyn) clinical setting morning meeting from February to July in 2015 were enrolled...
June 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597873/do-medical-students-generate-sound-arguments-during-small-group-discussions-in-problem-based-learning-an-analysis-of-preclinical-medical-students-argumentation-according-to-a-framework-of-hypothetico-deductive-reasoning
#12
Hyunjung Ju, Ikseon Choi, Bo Young Yoon
PURPOSE: Hypothetico-deductive reasoning (HDR) is an essential learning activity and a learning outcome in problem-based learning (PBL). It is important for medical students to engage in the HDR process through argumentation during their small group discussions in PBL. This study aimed to analyze the quality of preclinical medical students' argumentation according to each phase of HDR in PBL. METHODS: Participants were 15 first-year preclinical students divided into two small groups...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584866/the-prescription-talk-an-approach-to-teach-patient-physician-conversation-about-drug-prescription-to-medical-students
#13
Katarina Hauser, Armin Koerfer, Mathilde Niehaus, Christian Albus, Stefan Herzig, Jan Matthes
Background: Medication communication from physicians to patients often is poor, by this among others enhancing the risk of non-adherence. In this context, a neglect regarding the prescription talk has been complained. Aim of the project: In a newly developed elective medical students work on physician-patient conversations dealing with drug prescription. Essential aspects related to an effective and safe drug treatment are combined with steps of shared decision-making. Together with a tutor, students develop a (model) conversation guide that might be tailored according to individual needs and views...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584689/an-integrated-interactive-spaced-education-radiology-curriculum-for-preclinical-students
#14
Eli Tshibwabwa, Robert Mallin, Madeleine Fraser, Martin Tshibwabwa, Reza Sanii, James Rice, Jenifer Cannon
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study is to determine whether a radiology module, together with online spaced education, helps students of an integrated problem-based learning (PBL) curriculum increase their radiology knowledge and long-term retention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Second-year students at the American University of Antigua College of Medicine participated in small groups of ten students each into two 2 h of radiology laboratories. The study comprised two cohorts: winter and fall 2013 students (control group) and 2014 students (experimental group)...
2017: Journal of Clinical Imaging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577118/comparing-and-contrasting-the-use-of-problem-based-learning-in-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-programs
#15
Dale Peeples, Anthony Guerrero, Bettina Bernstein, Jeffrey Hunt, Say How Ong, Cynthia Santos, Sandra Sexson, Norbert Skokauskas
OBJECTIVE: Problem-based learning (PBL) is one of the core components of medical education. To facilitate the spread and use of PBL in child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) fellowship training, a special interest study group (SISG) was formed at the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (AACAP). Different approaches to the implementation of PBL between programs represented at the SISG are compared in this report. METHODS: The authors distributed a survey to SISG participants after the 2015 annual AACAP meeting, which gathered information about the different approaches programs use to implement PBL in graduate medical education...
June 2, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572421/do-dental-students-personality-types-and-group-dynamics-affect-their-performance-in-problem-based-learning
#16
Jung-Joon Ihm, So-Youn An, Deog-Gyu Seo
The aim of this study was to determine whether the personality types of dental students and their group dynamics were linked to their problem-based learning (PBL) performance. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) instrument was used with 263 dental students enrolled in Seoul National University School of Dentistry from 2011 to 2013; the students had participated in PBL in their first year. A four-session PBL setting was designed to analyze how individual personality types and the diversity of their small groups were associated with PBL performance...
June 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566569/influence-on-learning-of-a-collaborative-learning-method-comprising-the-jigsaw-method-and-problem-based-learning-pbl
#17
Kayoko Takeda, Kiyoshi Takahashi, Hiroyuki Masukawa, Yoshimitsu Shimamori
 Recently, the practice of active learning has spread, increasingly recognized as an essential component of academic studies. Classes incorporating small group discussion (SGD) are conducted at many universities. At present, assessments of the effectiveness of SGD have mostly involved evaluation by questionnaires conducted by teachers, by peer assessment, and by self-evaluation of students. However, qualitative data, such as open-ended descriptions by students, have not been widely evaluated. As a result, we have been unable to analyze the processes and methods involved in how students acquire knowledge in SGD...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545616/peer-assisted-learning-pal-in-undergraduate-medical-education-an-overview
#18
REVIEW
Anne Herrmann-Werner, Regina Gramer, Rebecca Erschens, Christoph Nikendei, Annette Wosnik, Jan Griewatz, Stephan Zipfel, Florian Junne
Peer-assisted learning (PAL) has a long tradition and is nowadays implemented in the curricula of most medical faculties. Besides traditional areas of application like problem-based learning, anatomy, or CPR, more and more departments and institutes have established PAL as part of their everyday teaching. This narrative review provides some background information and basic definitions of PAL. It offers an overview on features and determinants as well as underlying learning theories and developments in PAL. In addition, motives for implementation are highlighted followed by a comparison of advantages and disadvantages...
April 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535144/can-hybrid-educational-activities-of-team-and-problem-based-learning-program-be-effective-for-japanese-medical-students
#19
Kentaro Iwata, Asako Doi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494627/problem-based-learning-in-occupational-therapy-curriculum-implications-and-challenges
#20
Michal Avrech Bar, Margalit Pade, Tal Jarus, Sarah Gat, Yael Kaufman Cohen, Lena Lipskaya-Velikovsky
PURPOSE: Problem-based learning (PBL) is an educational method that fosters self-directed study in small groups. The purpose of this study was to describe the Tel Aviv University's occupational therapy (OT) program and the challenges implementing such program. In addition, the study compared the PBL grades obtained by students who are native Hebrew speakers with those students who are native Arabic speakers; and, assessed the correlation between the grades in the PBL course and the grades in the clinical fieldwork studies...
May 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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