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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078685/peer-assessment-of-professional-behaviours-in-problem-based-learning-groups
#1
Chris Roberts, Christine Jorm, Stacey Gentilcore, Jim Crossley
CONTEXT: Peer assessment of professional behaviour within problem-based learning (PBL) groups can support learning and provide opportunities to identify and remediate problem behaviours. OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether a peer assessment of learning behaviours in PBL is sufficiently valid to support decision making about student professional behaviours. METHODS: Data were available for two cohorts of students, in which each student was rated by all of their PBL group peers using a modified version of a previously validated scale...
January 12, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061800/does-a-pbl-based-medical-curriculum-predispose-training-in-specific-career-paths-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#2
Jordan Tsigarides, Laura R Wingfield, Myutan Kulendran
BACKGROUND: North American medical schools have used problem-based learning (PBL) structured medical education for more than 60 years. However, it has only recently been introduced in other medical schools outside of North America. Since its inception, there has been the debate on whether the PBL learning process predisposes students to select certain career paths. OBJECTIVES: To review available evidence to determine the predisposition of specific career paths when undertaking a PBL-based medical curriculum...
January 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061777/whatsapp-messenger-as-a-tool-to-supplement-medical-education-for-medical-students-on-clinical-attachment
#3
Lewis Raiman, Richard Antbring, Asad Mahmood
BACKGROUND: Instant messaging applications have the potential to improve and facilitate communication between hospital doctors and students, hence generating and improving learning opportunities. This study aims to demonstrate the feasibility and acceptability of instant messaging communication to supplement medical education for medical students whilst on clinical attachment. METHODS: A total of 6 WhatsApp Messenger (WhatsApp Inc.) groups were created for medical students on clinical attachment...
January 6, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050880/the-discomfort-of-an-educator-s-critical-conscience-the-case-of-problem-based-learning-and-other-global-industries-in-medical-education
#4
Janneke M Frambach, Maria Athina Tina Martimianakis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050411/faculty-perception-towards-a-hybrid-problem-based-learning-methodology
#5
Nitin Joseph, Animesh Jain, Shashidhar M Kotian
This sequential quantitative and qualitative study was done to assess the perception of faculties towards a hybrid Problem Based Learning (PBL) methodology. To begin with, all faculty members of the department featured in a round of PBL facilitation. Later in phase I, their perception was assessed using a validated self-administered questionnaire. In phase II, personalized interview was conducted with each faculty. Finally phase (III) involved a focus group discussion on issues identified in previous phases...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049679/dental-students-perceptions-of-learning-value-in-pbl-groups-with-medical-and-dental-students-together-versus-dental-students-alone
#6
Maryam Amin, Rosslynn Zulla, Gisele Gaudet-Amigo, Steven Patterson, Natalie Murphy, Shelley Ross
At a dental school in Canada, problem-based learning (PBL) sessions were restructured from an integrated dental-medical model to a separate dental model, resulting in three groups of students available for study: those who had participated in the two-year dental and medical combined, the one-year dental and medical combined, the one-year dental alone, and the two-year dental alone. The aim of this qualitative study was to examine the extent to which the PBL structure affected the dental students' perceptions of the learning value of PBL in the different models...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032051/problem-based-learning-dental-student-s-perception-of-their-education-environments-at-qassim-university
#7
Shahad S Alkhuwaiter, Roqayah I Aljuailan, Saeed M Banabilh
AIMS: The objectives of this study were to assess perceptions of the Saudi dental students of the problem-based learning (PBL) curriculum and to compare their perceptions among different sex and academic years. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data was collected through a questionnaire-based survey at Qassim College of dentistry. The questionnaire consisted of 19 questions regarding the perception of PBL curriculum and was distributed to 240 students. The chi-square test was used for statistical analysis of the data...
November 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031600/medical-curriculum-and-pharmacology-an-appraisal
#8
P S R K Haranath
Pharmacology was introduced with Western Medical Education in India in 1900s. RN Chopra was the first Professor of Pharmacology along with patient care in School of Tropical Medicine Calcutta. Now Pharmacologists do not have clinical care nor give laboratory services to hospitals. Medical Education advanced in the West in 1960s with more emphasis on Integrated Teaching and Student Self-study and less on didactic lectures. System Based Learning and Problem Based Learning reduced importance of individual subjects...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019131/heutagogic-approach-to-developing-capable-learners
#9
Reem Rachel Abraham, Ramnarayan Komattil
The twenty-first century higher education sector has come a long way after undergoing continuous metamorphosis from pedagogy to andragogy. Most of the educational approaches adopted in medical schools are directed towards developing more of competencies and less of capability, which is the ability to use competencies in novel contexts. Competencies alone are not sufficient to thrive in the present day work place as medical profession subsumes complex contexts; it is in this scenario that, medical educators are entrusted with the challenging task of developing "capable learners"...
December 25, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999229/continuous-professional-development-and-health-sector-governance-in-egypt
#10
Rita Maria Ferrelli, Dolores Mattossovich, Mervat El-Seweify, Nabil Dowidar
The Authors present the main activities and results of a Project financed by the Italian-Egyptian Debt Swap Agreement (IEDDS/DS) of the Italian Development Cooperation to repay public debt. The Health Governance Project operated within the Egyptian health reform paradigm and aimed at producing evidence for policy makers to direct and reorient the health sector and service management. It developed along three phases: i) preparatory training of trainers, ii) training in health governance according to modern andragogic methods, such as problem-based learning, iii) following implementation...
October 2016: Annali Dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958197/awareness-of-ionizing-radiation-exposure-among-junior-doctors-and-senior-medical-students-in-radiological-investigations
#11
Elfatih Abuelhia
The awareness and knowledge of ionizing radiation exposure in radiological investigations among junior doctors and medical students were studied. The participants were year four to year six senior medical students enrolled at University of Dammam and interns in King Fahad University Hospital. The survey consisted of 22 questions designed online using the software 'QuestionPro' licensed to the University of Dammam. 100 hard copies were also distributed manually and collected. A total of 221 (88.5%) questionnaires were completed...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942381/problem-based-learning-in-medical-school-a-student-s-perspective
#12
Bliss J Chang
Problem-based learning (PBL) has been a concept in existence for decades yet its implementation in medical student education is limited. Considering the nature of a physician's work, PBL is a logical step towards developing students' abilities to synthesize and integrate foundational concepts into clinical medicine. Harvard's recently redesigned Pathways curriculum has shifted almost exclusively towards PBL in its one-year preclinical curriculum. This piece provides my thoughts, both derived from my own reflections as well as conversations and observations of my peers, on the effectiveness, advantages, and disadvantages of a PBL curriculum...
December 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942055/students-satisfaction-to-hybrid-problem-based-learning-format-for-basic-life-support-advanced-cardiac-life-support-teaching
#13
Geetanjali Chilkoti, Medha Mohta, Rachna Wadhwa, Ashok Kumar Saxena, Chhavi Sarabpreet Sharma, Neelima Shankar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Students are exposed to basic life support (BLS) and advanced cardiac life support (ACLS) training in the first semester in some medical colleges. The aim of this study was to compare students' satisfaction between lecture-based traditional method and hybrid problem-based learning (PBL) in BLS/ACLS teaching to undergraduate medical students. METHODS: We conducted a questionnaire-based, cross-sectional survey among 118 1(st)-year medical students from a university medical college in the city of New Delhi, India...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915308/self-directed-learning-readiness-of-asian-students-students-perspective-on-a-hybrid-problem-based-learning-curriculum
#14
Lukas D Leatemia, Astrid P Susilo, Henk van Berkel
Objectives: To identify the student's readiness to perform self-directed learning and the underlying factors influencing it on the hybrid problem based learning curriculum. Methods: A combination of quantitative and qualitative studies was conducted in five medical schools in Indonesia. In the quantitative study, the Self Directed Learning Readiness Scale was distributed to all students in all batches, who had experience with the hybrid problem based curriculum...
December 3, 2016: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909366/standing-on-the-precipice-evaluating-final-year-physiotherapy-students-perspectives-of-their-curriculum-as-preparation-for-primary-health-care-practice
#15
Sinead McMahon, Grainne O'Donoghue, Catherine Doody, Geraldine O'Neill, Terry Barrett, Tara Cusack
Purpose: To explore final-year physiotherapy students' perceptions of primary health care practice to determine (1) aspects of their curriculum that support their learning, (2) deficiencies in their curriculum, and (3) areas that they believe should be changed to adequately equip them to make the transition from student to primary health care professional. Methods: Framework analysis methodology was used to analyze group opinion obtained using structured group feedback sessions. Sixty-eight final-year physiotherapy students from the four higher education institutions in Ireland participated...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897764/nursing-students-perceptions-of-effective-problem-based-learning-tutors
#16
Nancy Matthew-Maich, Lynn Martin, Cynthia Hammond, Amy Palma, Maria Pavkovic, Darlene Sheremet, Carmen Roche
Aim To explore baccalaureate nursing students' perceptions of what makes an effective tutor in problem-based learning courses, and the influence of effective teaching on students' learning and experience. Method Students enrolled in all four years of a baccalaureate nursing programme completed online surveys (n=511) and participated in focus groups (n=19). Data were analysed and combined using content analysis. Findings The data were summarised using five themes, the '5 Ps' of effective teaching in problem-based learning...
November 16, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874153/effects-of-personality-traits-on-collaborative-performance-in-problem-based-learning-tutorials
#17
Hye Won Jang, Seung Won Park
To examine the relationship between students' collaborative performance in a problem-based learning (PBL) environment and their personality traits. Methods:This retrospective, cross-sectional study was conducted using student data of a PBL program between 2013 and 2014 at Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea. Eighty students were included in the study. Student data from the Temperament and Character Inventory were used as a measure of their personality traits. Peer evaluation scores during PBL were used as a measure of students' collaborative performance...
December 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873411/training-physicians-for-the-real-world-of-medicine-administration-based-learning
#18
Jason Rosenstock, Garrett M Sparks
Tired of outdated teaching formats like case-based learning (CBL), problem-based learning (PBL) and team-based learning (TBL)? We wanted something fresh for our medical school, something that would prepare our graduates for the modern practice of medicine, something that would satisfy regulatory agencies and our deans. After doing an extensive needs assessment, which we ignored, we decided to replace basic science in our curriculum with something more practical: administration-based learning (ABL). We taught students how to fix fax machines, how to deal with angry team members, and how to maximise revenue in private practice - lessons that were well received and were more consistent with what physicians really need to learn to be effective practitioners...
December 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872545/how-effective-the-problem-based-learning-pbl-in-dental-education-a-critical-review
#19
REVIEW
Ali Alrahlah
The purpose of this critical review is to explore the research supporting the effectiveness of problem-based learning (PBL) as a teaching method in dental education. PBL was developed more than 40 years ago in reaction to the problems and limitations of traditional teaching approaches. Here, aspects of the PBL teaching approach are reviewed, and the reasons for the substantial effect of this approach on dental education are discussed. Evidence shows that students in PBL-based courses exhibit superior professional skills and effective learning compared with those instructed using traditional approaches...
October 2016: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860194/description-and-student-self-evaluation-of-a-pilot-small-group-learning-and-integrated-simulation-program-for-medical-students-in-the-first-clinical-year
#20
M R Levinson, D Kelly, K Zahariou, M Johnson, C Jackman, Sara Mackenzie
INTRODUCTION: Contemporary education for medical students should be student centered, integrated and contextualized. Small group learning promotes clinical reasoning and skills for lifelong learning. Simulation can provide experiential learning in a safe and controlled environment. We developed a weekly integrated problem based learning and simulation program (IPS) over two semesters in the first clinical year to augment clinical placement experience and contextualize theory into work relevant practice...
November 17, 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
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