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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922320/autologous-fat-injection-vs-lundborg%C3%A2-s-resection-arthroplasty-for-the-treatment-of-trapeziometacarpal-joint-osteoarthritis
#1
Holger Erne, Michael Cerny, Denis Ehrl, Anna T Bauer, Verena Schmauss, Philipp Moog, Niclas Broer, Steffen Loew, Daniel Schmauss
BACKGROUND: Various operative approaches exist for treatment of trapeziometacarpal joint osteoarthritis. The aim of this study was to compare the results of Lundsborg's resection arthroplasty with solely autologous fat injection. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 21 patients with symptomatic osteoarthritis of the trapeziometacarpal joint (Eaton-Littler classification stages III/IV) received either a Lundsborg's resection arthroplasty (n=12) or autologous fat injection into the trapeziometacarpal joint (n=9)...
September 14, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922081/clinical-outcomes-following-conservative-management-of-chronic-traumatic-cervical-myelopathy-a-case-report
#2
Justin Bridges, Roberto Sandoval
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is limited evidence supporting the conservative management of patients with cervical myelopathy. The purpose of this report is to describe the intervention and outcomes of conservative physical therapy interventions for one patient with chronic cervical myelopathy. CASE DESCRIPTION: This case was a 50-year-old male who sustained a neck injury following a rear-end collision 4 years prior to this therapeutic episode. The patient presented with decreased range of motion in the cervical spine and right upper extremity, strength deficits, altered sensation, poor posture, and reported chronic cervical region pain and difficulty sleeping...
September 18, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922068/influence-of-flaxseed-lignan-supplementation-to-older-adults-on-biochemical-and-functional-outcome-measures-of-inflammation
#3
Yunyun Di, Jennifer Jones, Kerry Mansell, Susan Whiting, Sharyle Fowler, Lilian Thorpe, Jennifer Billinsky, Navita Viveky, Pui Chi Cheng, Ahmed Almousa, Thomas Hadjistavropoulos, Jane Alcorn
Evidence from the literature suggests that dietary flaxseed lignans have the ability to modulate inflammation, which is recognized as the underlying basis of multiple chronic human diseases in older adults. Our objective was to determine the effects of oral lignan supplementation on biochemical and functional indicators of inflammation as well as safety and tolerability in older healthy adults. We designed a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial in older healthy adults (60-80 years) to assess flaxseed lignan-enriched complex (∼38% secoisolariciresinol diglucoside [SDG]; 600 mg SDG dose) oral supplementation effects on biochemical and functional indicators of inflammation and safety and tolerability in older healthy adults after 6 months of once-daily oral administration...
September 18, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921722/interactive-effects-of-music-tempi-and-intensities-on-grip-strength-and-subjective-affect
#4
Costas I Karageorghis, Peter Cheek, Stuart D Simpson, Marcelo Bigliassi
Pretask music is widely used by athletes albeit there is scant empirical evidence to support its use. The present study extended a line of work into pretask music by examining the interactive effects of music tempo and intensity (volume) on the performance of a simple motor skill and subjective affect. A 2 × 2 within-subjects factorial design was employed with an additional no-music control, the scores from which were used as a covariate. A sample of 52 male athletes (age = 26.1 ± 4.8 years) was exposed to five conditions: fast/loud (126 bpm/80 dBA), fast/quiet (126 bpm/70 dBA), slow/loud (87 bpm/80 dBA), slow/quiet (87 bpm/70 dBA) music, and a no-music control...
September 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921041/stabilization-of-scaphoid-type-b2-fractures-with-one-or-two-headless-compression-screws
#5
S Quadlbauer, T Beer, Ch Pezzei, J Jurkowitsch, A Tichy, T Hausner, M Leixnering
INTRODUCTION: Fractures of the scaphoid account for the most commonly injured carpal bone. Minimally displaced fractures of the waist will heal in 85-90% when using a below elbow cast. However, fractures with displacement have a higher risk for nonunion. Therefore, open reduction and fixation with headless compression screws (HCS) have become the preferred method of treatment. The aim of this study was to compare the radiological and clinical outcome of unstable scaphoid B2 type fractures, stabilized using one or two headless compression screws...
September 18, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918664/outcomes-of-surface-replacement-proximal-interphalangeal-joint-arthroplasty-using-the-self-locking-finger-joint-implant-minimum-two-years-follow-up
#6
Issei Komatsu, Yoshiya Arishima, Hirotomo Shibahashi, Toshihito Yamaguchi, Yoshitaka Minamikawa
BACKGROUND: The Self Locking Finger Joint (SLFJ) implant is a new type of surface replacement implant. The purpose of this study was to evaluate midterm clinical outcomes of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) arthroplasty with the SLFJ implant. METHODS: We retrospectively studied 26 PIP joint arthroplasties using the SLFJ implant in 17 patients with osteoarthritis or posttraumatic osteoarthritis. Preoperative and postoperative range of motion, grip strength and key pinch, radiographic findings, and complications were evaluated...
September 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918660/factors-associated-with-radiographic-trapeziometacarpal-arthrosis-in-patients-not-seeking-care-for-this-condition
#7
Suzanne C Wilkens, Matthew A Tarabochia, David Ring, Neal C Chen
BACKGROUND: A common adage among hand surgeons is that the symptoms of trapeziometacarpal (TMC) arthrosis vary among patients independent of the radiographic severity. We studied factors associated with radiographic severity of TMC arthrosis, thumb pain, thumb-specific disability, pinch strength, and grip strength in patients not seeking care for TMC arthrosis. Our primary null hypothesis was that there are no factors independently associated with radiographic severity of TMC arthrosis according to the Eaton classification among patients not seeking care for TMC arthrosis...
September 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917547/growth-of-the-new-thumb-metacarpal-after-pollicization-for-thumb-hypoplasia
#8
Michael A Tonkin, Nathan D Trist, Dirk J van der Spuy, Albert Yoon, Harvinder P Singh, Richard D Lawson
PURPOSE: To investigate the radiographic length and width of the new thumb metacarpal in relation to the middle finger proximal phalanx; to assess the incidence of premature physeal closure of the new metacarpal; and to consider whether there is a relationship between growth characteristics and the presence of union or nonunion of the new trapezium to the retained index finger metacarpal base. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty pollicizations were assessed with preoperative or immediate postoperative radiographs and follow-up radiographs to establish the growth characteristics of the new thumb metacarpal...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913929/high-nutrition-risk-is-associated-with-higher-risk-of-dysphagia-in-advanced-age-adults-newly-admitted-to-hospital
#9
Amy Popman, Marilize Richter, Jacqueline Allen, Carol Wham
AIM: To establish the prevalence of nutrition risk and associated risk factors among adults of advanced age newly admitted to hospital. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken in adults aged over 85 years admitted to one of two hospital wards in Auckland within the previous 5 days. An interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to establish participant's socio-demographic and health characteristics. Markers of body composition and muscle strength were collected...
September 15, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912947/friction-massage-versus-kinesiotaping-for-short-term-management-of-latent-trigger-points-in-the-upper-trapezius-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Marzieh Mohamadi, Soraya Piroozi, Iman Rashidi, Saeed Hosseinifard
BACKGROUND: Latent trigger points in the upper trapezius muscle may disrupt muscle movement patterns and cause problems such as cramping and decreased muscle strength. Because latent trigger points may spontaneously become active trigger points, they should be addressed and treated to prevent further problems. In this study we compared the short-term effect of kinesiotaping versus friction massage on latent trigger points in the upper trapezius muscle. METHODS: Fifty-eight male students enrolled with a stratified sampling method participated in this single-blind randomized clinical trial (Registration ID: IRCT2016080126674N3) in 2016...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911611/antifatigue-and-increasing-exercise-performance-of-actinidia-arguta-crude-alkaloids-in-mice
#11
Yangyang Liu, Changjiang Liu
Actinidia arguta (Siebold et Zucc.) Planch. ex. Miq. is one of the most recently domesticated fruit species with increasing commercial production worldwide. It is a well-known traditional Chinese medicine and is used to reduce blood glucose and treat atopic dermatitis. In addition, it possesses antioxidant, anticancer, and antiallergic properties. In this study, we investigated the physical antifatigue and exercise performance effects of A. arguta crude alkaloids (AACA) extracted with 70% ethanol. Four groups of male Kunming mice (n = 16) were orally administered AACA at doses of 0 mg/kg/d (vehicle), 50 mg/kg/d (AACA-50), 100 mg/kg/d (AACA-100), or 200 mg/kg/d (AACA-200) for 28 days...
October 2016: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906587/vascularized-thumb-metacarpal-periosteal-pedicled-flap-for-scaphoid-nonunion-an-anatomical-study-and-pediatric-case-report
#12
Sergi Barrera-Ochoa, Gerardo Mendez-Sanchez, Alfonso Rodriguez-Baeza, Jorge Knörr, Jayme Augusto Bertelli, Francisco Soldado
PURPOSE: Through an anatomical review, the primary aim of this study was to delineate the dorsal thumb metacarpal (TM) periosteal branches of the radial artery (RA). In addition, we report here the clinical utility of a vascularized TM periosteal pedicled flap (VTMPF), supplied by the first dorsal metacarpal artery (FDMA), in a complex case of scaphoid nonunion. METHODS: Ten latex-colored upper limbs from fresh human cadavers were used. Branches of the RA were dissected under 3x loupe magnification, noting the periosteal branches arising from the FDMA...
September 14, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904232/effects-of-high-versus-moderate-intensity-training-on-neuroplasticity-and-functional-recovery-after-focal-ischemia
#13
Caroline Pin-Barre, Annabelle Constans, Jeanick Brisswalter, Christophe Pellegrino, Jérôme Laurin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study was designed to compare the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIT) and moderate-intensity aerobic training (MOD) on functional recovery and cerebral plasticity during the first 2 weeks after cerebral ischemia. METHODS: Rats were randomized as follows: control (n=15), SHAM (n=9), middle cerebral artery occlusion (n=13), middle cerebral artery occlusion at day 1 (n=7), MOD (n=13), and HIT (n=13). Incremental tests were performed at day 1 (D1) and 14 (D14) to identify the running speed associated with the lactate threshold (SLT) and the maximal speed (Smax)...
September 13, 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902873/sarcopenia-in-patients-with-hip-fracture-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#14
Ole Martin Steihaug, Clara Gram Gjesdal, Bård Bogen, Målfrid Holen Kristoffersen, Gunhild Lien, Anette Hylen Ranhoff
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is prevalent in older persons and is a risk factor for falls, fractures, and mortality. The aim of this study was to determine a) the feasibility of determining sarcopenia in patients with acute hip fracture, b) the prevalence of sarcopenia and c) associations of sarcopenia with nutritional status and comorbidities. METHODS: A multicenter cross-sectional study on sarcopenia in male and female patients with acute hip fracture. Participants were previously ambulatory and living in the community...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902110/asymmetrie-of-maximum-trunk-hand-and-leg-in-comparison-of-volleyball-and-fitness-athletes
#15
Klaus Mattes, Bettina Wollesen, Stefanie Manzer
Playing volleyball and corresponding training loads lead to specific strains and might result in asymmetric muscle pattern. The study aimed to identify volleyball specific maximum bilateral strength asymmetries in comparison to fitness athletes. The cross-sectional study design compared an age-matched male volleyball group (n= 23; 27.9 ± 5 years) with a fitness group (n= 30; 26.3 ± 3 years). The participants performed an isometric maximum handgrip strength test followed by two isokinetic concentric maximum strength tests to determine the performance capacity of the axial trunk rotators (left-right) and bilateral leg extensors...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901795/clinical-and-radiographic-outcomes-of-unipolar-and-bipolar-radial-head-prosthesis-in-patients-with-radial-head-fracture-a-systemic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Hongwei Chen, Ziyang Wang, Yongjun Shang
PURPOSE: To compare clinical outcomes of unipolar and bipolar radial head prosthesis in the treatment of patients with radial head fracture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medline, Cochrane, EMBASE, Google Scholar databases were searched until April 18, 2016 using the following search terms: radial head fracture, elbow fracture, radial head arthroplasty, implants, prosthesis, unipolar, bipolar, cemented, and press-fit. Randomized controlled trials, retrospective, and cohort studies were included...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900671/-wrist-arthrodesis-with-a%C3%A2-fixed-angle-low-profile-fusion-plate-without-carpometacarpal-joint-fixation
#17
REVIEW
S Köhler, K Koch, A Arsalan-Werner, I M Mehling, J Seegmüller, H Krimmer, Michael Sauerbier
OBJECTIVE: Total wrist arthrodesis to improve functional use of the hand by reducing pain and increasing grip strength. INDICATIONS: Painful destruction of the radio- and midcarpal joints. CONTRAINDICATIONS: Analgesia and satisfactory hand function after motion-preserving surgical or conservative treatment. Chronic joint infection. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: Posterior approach to the wrist. Removal of articular surfaces destroyed all the way down to cancellous bone...
September 12, 2017: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900294/timing-for-surgical-stabilization-with-k-wires-after-open-fractures-of-proximal-and-middle-phalangeal-shaft
#18
Yanchun Gao, Qiyang Wang, Hongyi Zhu, Zhengyu Xu
The optimal timing for surgical stabilization after open fractures of proximal and middle phalangeal shaft remained unclear. Total 147 patients with single open fracture in proximal or middle phalangeal shaft (arrived within 8 hours) who received K-wire fixation from June 2012 to June 2015 were included for analysis. The timing for surgical stabilization of fractures (immediate or delayed) was decided according to the surgeons' preferences. The Michigan hand outcomes questionnaire (MHQ) scores, grip strength and total active motion (TAM) one year after the initial surgery were similar between the two groups...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899369/nursing-care-needs-and-services-utilised-by-home-dwelling-elderly-with-complex-health-problems-observational-study
#19
Gro Næss, Marit Kirkevold, Wenche Hammer, Jørund Straand, Torgeir Bruun Wyller
BACKGROUND: In Norway, as in many Western countries, a shift from institutional care to home care is taking place. Our knowledge is limited regarding which needs for nursing interventions patients being cared for in their home have, and how they are met. We aimed at assessing aspects of health and function in a representative sample of the most vulnerable home-dwelling elderly, to identify their needs for nursing interventions and how these needs were met. METHODS: In this observational study we included patients aged 75+ living in their own homes in Oslo, who received daily home care, had three or more chronic diagnoses, received daily medication, and had been hospitalized during the last year...
September 12, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895777/effects-of-kinesio-tape-in-individuals-with-lateral-epicondylitis-a-deceptive-crossover-trial
#20
Ivan P H Au, Pak Che Patricia Fan, Wang Yiu Lee, Man Wai Leong, Oi Yin Tang, Winko W An, Roy T Cheung
OBJECTIVES: To determine the true and immediate effect of applying Kinesio tape (KT) on the pain intensity, pain-free grip strength, maximal grip strength, and electromyographic activity with facilitatory KT, inhibitory KT, sham KT, and untaped condition in patients with lateral epicondylitis (LE) who were ignorant about KT. DESIGN: Deceptive crossover trial. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-three patients with unilateral chronic LE who were ignorant about KT, 30 of them were successfully deceived in this study...
September 12, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
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