keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Grip strength

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150988/patterns-and-correlates-of-grip-strength-in-older-americans
#1
Kimberly Forrest, Adelle Williams, Marcy Leeds, Joseph Robare, Thomas Bechard
BACKGROUND: Muscle strength is a sensitive indicator of morbidity and mortality in older adults. Loss of muscle strength contributes to a decline in physical functioning. Hand grip strength is a simple measurement but correlated with total body muscle strength. This study evaluated the patterns and correlates of grip strength among older adults in the United States. METHODS: The grip strength data were analyzed from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
November 16, 2017: Current Aging Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150943/muscle-regeneration-potential-and-satellite-cell-activation-profile-during-recovery-following-hindlimb-immobilization-in-mice
#2
Maria Guitart, Josep Lloreta, Laura Mañas-Garcia, Esther Barreiro
Reduced muscle activity leads to muscle atrophy and function loss in patients and animal models. Satellite cells (SCs) are postnatal muscle stem cells that play a pivotal role in skeletal muscle regeneration following injury. The regenerative potential, satellite cell numbers, and markers during recovery following immobilization of the hindlimb for seven days were explored. In mice exposed to seven days of hindlimb immobilization, in those exposed to recovery (seven days, splint removal), and in contralateral control muscles, muscle precursor cells were isolated from all hindlimb muscles (fluorescence-activated cell sorting, FACS), and SCs and muscle regeneration were identified using immunofluorescence (gastrocnemius and soleus) and electron microscopy (EM, gastrocnemius)...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149975/clinical-outcomes-of-living-liver-transplantation-according-to-the-presence-of-sarcopenia-as-defined-by-skeletal-muscle-mass-hand-grip-and-gait-speed
#3
N Harimoto, T Yoshizumi, T Izumi, T Motomura, N Harada, S Itoh, T Ikegami, H Uchiyama, Y Soejima, A Nishie, T Kamishima, R Kusaba, K Shirabe, Y Maehara
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is an independent predictor of death after living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT). However, the ability of the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia criteria for sarcopenia (defined as reduced skeletal muscle mass plus low muscle strength) to predict surgical outcomes in patients who have undergone LDLT has not been determined. METHODS: This study prospectively enrolled 366 patients who underwent LDLT at Kyushu University Hospital. Skeletal muscle area (determined by computed tomography), hand-grip strength, and gait speed were measured in 102 patients before LDLT...
November 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145580/effect-of-botulinum-toxin-a-on-muscle-healing-and-its-implications-in-aesthetic-and-reconstructive-surgery
#4
Eldad Silberstein, Ehud Maor, Oleg Sukmanov, Alexander Bogdanov Berezovsky, Yaron Shoham, Yuval Krieger
Background: Muscle activity contributes to the enhancement of facial aging deformity, blepharospasm, cerebral palsy spasticity, trismus, torticollis, and other conditions. Myotomy of the involved muscles in order to reduce the deformity has variable success rates due to muscle healing and regeneration of activity. Objectives: The goal of this study was to investigate whether blocking striated muscle activity with Botulinum toxin (BtxA) during the healing time after myotomy alters the healing process and reduces long-term muscle activity...
November 14, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143131/vertebral-fractures-and-their-association-with-health-related-quality-of-life-back-pain-and-physical-function-in-older-women
#5
Lisa Johansson, Daniel Sundh, Martin Nilsson, Dan Mellström, Mattias Lorentzon
Studies investigating prevalent vertebral fracture (VF) diagnosed using densitometry-based VF assessment (VFA) and associations with physical function, assessed by performance-based measures, are lacking. In this population-based study of 1027 older women, we found that prevalent VF, identified by VFA, was associated with inferior physical health, back pain and inferior physical function. PURPOSE: Several studies have investigated the associations between health-related quality of life (HRQL) and back pain with prevalent VF, detected by spine radiographs, but just a few have been population-based and have used vertebral fracture assessment (VFA) for diagnosing VF...
November 15, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141602/association-between-sarcopenia-and-low-back-pain-in-local-residents-prospective-cohort-study-from-the-gaina-study
#6
Shinji Tanishima, Hiroshi Hagino, Hiromi Matsumoto, Chika Tanimura, Hideki Nagashima
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common ailments that people experience in their lifetime. On the other hands, Sarcopenia also leads to several physical symptoms and contributes to reducing the quality of life of elderly people.The purpose of this study is to investigate the association between sarcopenia and low back pain among the general population. METHODS: The subjects included 216 adults (79 men and 137 women; mean age, 73.5 years) undergoing a general medical examination in Hino, Japan...
November 15, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141368/-long-term-efficacy-of-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-versus-external-fixation-for-unstable-distal-radius-fractures-a-meta-analysis
#7
Z Yang, Z Z Yuan, J X Ma, X L Ma
Objective: To make a systematic assessment of the Long-term efficacy of open reduction and internal fixation versus external fixation for unstable distal radius fractures. Methods: A computer-based online search of PubMed, ScienceDirect, EMBASE, BIOSIS, Springer and Cochrane Library were performed. The randomized and controlled trials of open reduction and internal fixation versus external fixation for unstable distal radius fractures were collected. The included trials were screened out strictly based on the criterion of inclusion and exclusion...
November 7, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139646/physical-fitness-and-digit-ratio-2d-4d-in-male-students-from-wroc%C3%A5-aw-poland
#8
Slawomir Koziel, Marek Kociuba Mail, Raja Chakraborty, Zofia Ignasiak
There is sex-difference in humans as regards aerobic efficiency, physical strength and endurance and the sex difference is greatly dependent upon differential concentration of testosterone during different phases of growth and development including the intrauterine phase or prenatal growth. Second-to-fourth digit lengths ratio (2D:4D) is an putative indicator of prenatal testosterone exposure. Lower 2D:4D indicates higher prenatal testosterone exposure and vice versa. Males generally have lower 2D:4D than females...
March 2017: Collegium Antropologicum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137185/a-cross-sectional-study-of-nutrient-intake-and-health-status-among-older-adults-in-yogyakarta-indonesia
#9
Tony Arjuna, Stijn Soenen, Rasita Amelia Hasnawati, Kylie Lange, Ian Chapman, Natalie D Luscombe-Marsh
Many communities around the world, particularly developing countries including Indonesia, are experiencing population ageing. There is little knowledge regarding the impact of malnutrition, or its prevalence within rural compared to urban areas, on the nutritional, functional and mental status of community-living older residents in these countries. Hence, a cross-sectional study was conducted to determine socio-demographic and anthropometric characteristics, nutritional, mental and functional status, and energy and nutrient intake of community-dwelling Indonesians from both rural and urban areas of Yogyakarta...
November 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136763/amorphous-solid-dispersions-of-hecogenin-acetate-using-different-polymers-for-enhancement-of-solubility-and-improvement-of-anti-hyperalgesic-effect-in-neuropathic-pain-model-in-mice
#10
Carlos Demócedes Luís de França Almeida Moreira, Jonas Gabriel de Oliveira Pinheiro, Walter Ferreira da Silva-Júnior, Euzébio Guimarães Barbosa, Zênia Maria Maciel Lavra, Erick Willyame Menezes Pereira, Marília Matos Resende, Eduardo Pereira de Azevedo, Lucindo José Quintans-Júnior, Adriano Antunes de Souza Araújo, Jullyana de Souza Siqueira Quintans, Ádley Antonini Neves de Lima
Hecogenin acetate (HA) is an acetylated sapogenin that has shown potential antihyperalgesic activity, inhibiting descending pain and acting in opioid receptors. However, HA exhibits poor aqueous solubility, which may limit its application. This study aims to develop amorphous solid dispersions (ASD) using five hydrophilic polymers, to characterize them and to evaluate their antihyperalgesic activity. Physicochemical characterization was performed by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Fourier Transformed Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy...
November 6, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136746/-study-on-handgrip-strength-of-elderly-%C3%A2-60-years-old-from-longevity-areas-in-china
#11
L Q Su, Z X Yin, X C Wang, Y B Lyu, W H Shi, J Zhang, J S Luo, X M Shi
Objective: To assess the status of handgrip strength of elderly population from longevity areas in China, and to analyze the correlative factors of handgrip strength of elderly people. Methods: Data from Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS) in 2012 was used, from which1 967 participants aged ≥60 years old with valid data of grip strength value from 8 Chinese longevity areas were included. Information on demographics characteristic, life style and health status was collected using questionnaires...
November 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134984/evaluation-of-neuroprotective-effect-of-hibiscus-sabdariffa-linn-aqueous-extract-against-ischaemic-reperfusion-insult-by-bilateral-common-carotid-artery-occlusion-in-adult-male-rats
#12
Olatunde Owoeye, Micheal Oluwatosin Gabriel
Ischaemic brain injury continues to be devastating, causing social, medical and relationship disruption. Oxidativedamage has been reported to be one of the mechanisms for brain damage following ischaemic stroke. The antioxidant activityof Hibiscus sabdariffa L. was investigated for a possible protective effect against ischaemia-induced brain damage in rats.Adult male Wistar rats (n=35) were divided into five groups of 7 rats per group. Group 1 served as control was given tapwater; Group 2: 500 mg/kg daily of Hibiscus sabdariffa L...
June 30, 2017: Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences: Official Publication of the Physiological Society of Nigeria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132788/arthroscopic-partial-trapeziectomy-with-soft-tissue-interposition-for-symptomatic-trapeziometacarpal-arthritis-6-month-and-5-year-minimum-follow-up
#13
Anthony L Logli, Jonathan Twu, Brian J Bear, Jonathan R Lindquist, Theodore L Schoenfeldt, Kenneth J Korcek
PURPOSE: To determine if arthroscopic partial trapeziectomy (APT) and soft tissue interposition arthroplasty is an effective treatment for symptomatic trapeziometacarpal arthritis. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 30 consecutive patients with symptomatic isolated trapeziometacarpal arthritis, Eaton-Littler stages II and III. Treatment consisted of an APT with soft tissue interposition utilizing an acellular dermal matrix as the interposition material. At a minimum of 6 months and 5 years after surgery, Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS), Quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand (QuickDASH), grip strength, oppositional and appositional pinch strengths, arthroplasty space, and thumb range of motion (ROM) were evaluated...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130633/the-mitochondrial-metabolic-reprogramming-agent-trimetazidine-as-an-exercise-mimetic-in-cachectic-c26-bearing-mice
#14
Francesca Molinari, Fabrizio Pin, Stefania Gorini, Sergio Chiandotto, Laura Pontecorvo, Fabio Penna, Emanuele Rizzuto, Simona Pisu, Antonio Musarò, Paola Costelli, Giuseppe Rosano, Elisabetta Ferraro
BACKGROUND: Cancer cachexia is characterized by muscle depletion and exercise intolerance caused by an imbalance between protein synthesis and degradation and by impaired myogenesis. Myofibre metabolic efficiency is crucial so as to assure optimal muscle function. Some drugs are able to reprogram cell metabolism and, in some cases, to enhance metabolic efficiency. Based on these premises, we chose to investigate the ability of the metabolic modulator trimetazidine (TMZ) to counteract skeletal muscle dysfunctions and wasting occurring in cancer cachexia...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130382/less-affected-hand-function-in-children-with-hemiparetic-unilateral-cerebral-palsy-a-comparison-study-with-typically-developing-peers
#15
Tonya L Rich, Jeremiah S Menk, Kyle D Rudser, Timothy Feyma, Bernadette T Gillick
BACKGROUND: Neurorehabilitation interventions in children with unilateral cerebral palsy (UCP) target motor abilities in daily life yet deficits in hand skills persist. Limitations in the less-affected hand may affect overall bimanual hand skills. OBJECTIVE: To compare hand function, by timed motor performance on the Jebsen-Taylor Test of Hand Function (JTTHF) and grip strength of children with UCP to children with typical development (CTD), aged 8 to 18 years old...
November 1, 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129228/preoperative-low-muscle-mass-has-a-strong-negative-effect-on-pulmonary-function-in-patients-undergoing-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#16
Hisaya Shirai, Toshimi Kaido, Yuhei Hamaguchi, Siyuan Yao, Atsushi Kobayashi, Shinya Okumura, Naoko Kamo, Shintaro Yagi, Hideaki Okajima, Shinji Uemoto
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the effect of preoperative sarcopenia on cardiopulmonary function in patients undergoing living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed of 207 patients who underwent LDLT between January 2008 and April 2015. The quantity and quality of skeletal muscle were evaluated by the psoas muscle mass index (PMI) and intramuscular adipose tissue content (IMAC), respectively, using preoperative computed tomography imaging...
January 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128376/radial-head-replacement-with-a-bipolar-system-an-average-10-year-follow-up
#17
Robert A Sershon, Timothy J Luchetti, Mark S Cohen, Robert W Wysocki
BACKGROUND: We report the long-term results of a cohort of patients after radial head replacement with a bipolar design and a smooth cementless stem at a mean follow-up of 10.4 years. METHODS: Of 17 possible patients from a previous minimum 2-year follow-up study, 16 were available for review. Patients were assessed using clinical and radiographic examination and with standardized outcome measures. Range of motion, stability, and radiographic evaluation of implant loosening and joint degeneration were assessed...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125814/carpometacarpal-fracture-dislocation-of-the-fourth-and-fifth-finger-mid-term-results-of-15-patients
#18
Deniz Gülabi, Mehmet Ali Uysal, Bilgehan Çevik, Bülent Kılıç, Emre Karadeniz
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to retrospectively evaluate and compare the mid-term clinical follow-up results of patients who were treated with open or closed reduction due to carpometacarpal (CMC) fracture dislocation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Medical charts of 15 patients (1 male, 14 females; mean age 32.5±10.5 years; range 18 to 55 years) who were operated for fourth and fifth finger CMC fracture dislocations were examined. Patients were divided into two groups according to applied treatment as closed reduction and percutaneous pinning (CRPP, n=6) and open reduction and percutaneous pinning (ORPP, n=9)...
December 2017: Eklem Hastalıkları Ve Cerrahisi, Joint Diseases & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124362/arthroscopic-one-tunnel-transosseous-foveal-repair-for-triangular-fibrocartilage-complex-tfcc-peripheral-tear
#19
Ji Hun Park, Dongmin Kim, Jong Woong Park
PURPOSE: Arthroscopic repair of a peripheral triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) tear is a promising, minimally invasive surgical technique, especially in patients with symptomatic distal radioulnar joint (DRUJ) instability. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical result of arthroscopic one-tunnel transosseous foveal repair for peripheral TFCC tears. METHODS: Sixteen patients who underwent TFCC foveal repair were retrospectively evaluated. The mean follow-up period was 31...
November 9, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123982/decreased-grip-strength-muscle-pain-and-atrophy-occur-in-rats-following-long-term-exposure-to-excessive-repetitive-motion
#20
Mitsuhiro Fujiwara, Masahiro Iwata, Takayuki Inoue, Yosuke Aizawa, Natsumi Yoshito, Kazuhiro Hayashi, Shigeyuki Suzuki
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) are caused by the overuse of muscles in the workplace. Performing repetitive tasks is a primary risk factor for the development of WMSD. Many workers in highly repetitive jobs exhibit muscle pain and decline in handgrip strength, yet the mechanisms underlying these dysfunctions are poorly understood. In our study, rats performed voluntary repetitive reaching and grasping tasks (Task group), while Control group rats did not perform these activities. In the Task group, grip strength and forearm flexor withdrawal threshold declined significantly from week 2 to week 6, compared with these values at week 0 (P < 0...
November 2017: FEBS Open Bio
keyword
keyword
58408
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"