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Fascia iliaca compartment blocks

Rajashree Madabushi, Geetha C Rajappa, Prathima P Thammanna, Sadasivan S Iyer
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Pain arising from femur fractures is of severe nature. Surgery for fixation of femoral fractures may be done under spinal anesthesia. We conducted this study to compare the analgesic efficacy of fascia iliaca compartment block (FICB) and intravenous fentanyl (IVF) before positioning for spinal anesthesia. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Operating room. PATIENTS AND INTERVENTIONS: Sixty patients aged 25 to 75 years, with American Society of Anesthesiologists status I to III, undergoing surgery for femur fracture were chosen for the study and randomized into 2 groups...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Adam C Levine, Carrie Teicher, Adam R Aluisio, Tess Wiskel, Pola Valles, Miguel Trelles, Justin Glavis-Bloom, Rebecca F Grais
BACKGROUND: Lower extremity trauma during earthquakes accounts for the largest burden of disaster-related injuries. Insufficient pain management is common in resource-limited disaster settings, and regional anesthesia (RA) may reduce pain in injured patients beyond current standards of care. To date, no controlled trials have been conducted to evaluate the use of RA for pain management in a disaster setting. METHODS/DESIGN: The Regional Anesthesia for Painful Injuries after Disasters (RAPID) study aims to evaluate whether regional anesthesia (RA), either with or without ultrasound (US) guidance, can reduce pain from earthquake-related lower limb injuries in a disaster setting...
November 14, 2016: Trials
Bin Yu, Miao He, Guang-Yu Cai, Tian-Xiao Zou, Na Zhang
BACKGROUND: Continuous femoral nerve block and fascia iliaca compartment block are 2 traditional anesthesia methods in orthopedic surgeries, but it is controversial which method is better. The objective of this study was to compare the practicality, efficacy, and complications of the 2 modalities in hip replacement surgery in the elderly and to assess the utility of a novel cannula-over-needle set. METHODS: In this prospective, randomized controlled clinical investigation, 60 elderly patients undergoing hip replacement were randomly assigned to receive either continuous femoral nerve block or continuous fascia iliaca compartment block...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Seunguk Bang, Jihyun Chung, Jaejung Jeong, Hahyeon Bak, Dongju Kim
BACKGROUND: The fascia iliaca compartment block (FICB) provides an analgesic effect in patients with femur fractures. However, the postoperative pain after hip surgery is different from that after femur fracture, because of the difference in the degree and location of tissue trauma. Whether FICB provides effective postoperative analgesia in patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty is not well understood. Moreover, there is no prospective randomized study to evaluate FICB as a postoperative analgesia in hemiarthroplasty...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Devender Kumar, Sarla Hooda, Shashi Kiran, Jyoti Devi
INTRODUCTION: Hip fractures are often encountered in the elderly and present special problems to the anaesthesiologist. Fascia iliaca compartment block is another technique with the intent to block all the three nerves like 3-in-1 nerve block. AIM: To evaluate the analgesic efficacy of ultrasound guided fascia iliaca compartment block to facilitate positioning of patients with hip fracture for spinal anaesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study was conducted in 50 patients aged between 40-80 years, belonging to American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I-III undergoing surgery for hip fracture...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
George W Miller, Jenna J Godrey, Markus L Sagmeister, Thomas L Lewis
AIMS: Fascia iliaca compartment block (FICB) is a simple regional anaesthetic block that has been shown to be superior to other regional anaesthetic blocks with regards to success rate and analgesic efficacy in the acute management of proximal femoral fractures. The objective was to quantitatively assess the provision of FICB for patients with proximal femoral fractures in the UK. METHODS: A national observational study of all acute medical trusts in the UK (n=187) was conducted...
September 3, 2016: Injury
N Wang, M Li, J Geng, X L Chen, X Y Guo
OBJECTIVE: To compare two different regimens of continuous ultrasound-guided fascia iliaca compartment block (FICB) for postoperative analgesia after total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: Approved by the Peking University Third Hospital ethics committee, sixty patients undergoing selective single total hip replacement in Peking University Third Hospital from May.2015 to Mar.2016 were included. Before neuraxial block, continuous ultrasound-guided FICB were administered...
June 14, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Paul Watson, Szabolcs Rugonfalvi-Kiss
Fractured neck of femur (NOF) causes significant morbidity and pain for patients; adequate analgesia is an essential component of patient centred care. Patients experiencing greater pain during treatment for fractured NOF are slower to mobilise and have poorer health-related quality of life. NICE guidance suggests considering adding nerve blocks if paracetamol and opioids do not provide sufficient preoperative pain relief. We set out to audit pain levels in this group of patients in a small District General Hospital and to develop a protocol to improve analgesia provision if required...
2016: BMJ Quality Improvement Reports
H Williams, V Paringe, S Shenoy, P Michaels, B Ramesh
PURPOSE: To compare the visual analogue score (VAS) for pain in patients with femoral neck fracture who received standard preoperative analgesia with or without fascia iliaca compartment block (FICB). METHODS: In patients with femoral neck fracture, 69 patients who received standard preoperative analgesia (regular paracetamol 1g 4 times a day, codeine 60 mg 4 times a day, and opioid 10 mg 2 hourly as required) were compared with 50 patients who received standard preoperative analgesia plus FICB...
April 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
Ning Wang, Min Li, Yue Wei, Xiangyang Guo
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of two approaches to ultrasound-guided fascia iliaca compartment block (FICB) for postoperative analgesia after total hip arthroplasty (THA). METHODS: Approved by the Peking University Third Hospital ethics committee, Sixty patients undergoing selective total hip replacement in Peking Third Hospital during Oct. 2013 to May. 2014 were included. Before induction of general anethesia, ultrasound-guided FICB were administered. According to probe parallel to the inguinal ligament or perpendicular to the inguinal ligament, patients were randomly divided into the Parallel group and the Perpendicular group...
July 28, 2015: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
A Ghimire, B Bhattarai, S Koirala, A Subedi
BACKGROUND: Positioning for subarachnoid block (SAB) in patients with femoral fracture is painful and may remain suboptimal requiring use of large doses of opioids. These patients generally being elderly with multiple comorbidities and frailty are likely to have many undesirable effects of opioids including respiratory depression and confusion. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to compare the feasibility and effectiveness of fascia iliaca compartment block (FICB) and femoral nerve block (FNB) in reducing pain associated with positioning for subarachnoid block in patients undergoing proximal femoral fracture fixation procedures...
April 2015: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
Brandon Ritcey, Paul Pageau, Michael Y Woo, Jeffrey J Perry
OBJECTIVES: Hip and femoral neck fractures are common in elderly patients, who are at an increased risk of complications if their pain is suboptimally managed. This systematic review seeks to determine if regional nerve blocks reduce pain, reduce the need for parenteral opiates, and reduce complications, compared to standard pain management with opiates, acetaminophen, or NSAIDs. DATA SOURCES: Systematic review of MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials found 401 articles, of which nine were selected for inclusion...
January 2016: CJEM
Jeffrey D Swenson, Jennifer J Davis, Joshua O Stream, Julia R Crim, Robert T Burks, Patrick E Greis
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The femoral, lateral femoral cutaneous, and obturator nerves (ONs) can reportedly be blocked using a single-injection deep to the fascia iliaca (FI) at the level of the inguinal ligament. Two commonly used methods (the FI compartment and 3-in-1 blocks) have produced inconsistent results with respect to local anesthetic distribution and effect on the ON. To date, no study of either method has been performed using advanced imaging techniques to document both needle placement and local anesthetic distribution...
December 2015: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Hongling Nie, Ya-Xiong Yang, Yang Wang, Yong Liu, Bin Zhao, Bo Luan
BACKGROUND: Effective analgesia is essential for the postoperative care of orthopedic patients. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of continuous fascia iliaca compartment block (FIB) as postoperative analgesia after hip fracture surgery, and to compare FIB with patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) using fentanyl for 48 h postoperatively. METHODS: Patients with hip fractures who were scheduled for open reduction and internal fixation surgery using the antirotation proximal femoral nail technique were randomly assigned to the FIB or PCIA groups...
July 2015: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
Fentahun Tarekegn Kumie, Endale Gebreegziabher Gebremedhn, Hailu Yimer Tawuye
BACKGROUND: Fascia iliaca compartment nerve block (FICNB) has been an established technique for postoperative analgesia after surgery for femoral bone fracture. FICNB is technically easy, effective for postoperative pain control after operation for femoral bone fracture and decreases the complications induced by systemic analgesic drugs. The severity of postoperative pain is affected by genetics, cultural and social factors across the world. In this study we assessed the efficacy of fascia iliaca compartment nerve block when it is used as part of multimodal analgesia after surgery for femoral bone fracture...
2015: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Paul J McRae, Jason C Bendall, Veronica Madigan, Paul M Middleton
BACKGROUND: Femoral (thigh) fractures are an important clinical problem commonly encountered by paramedics. These injuries are painful, and the need for extrication and transport adds complexity to the management of this condition. Whereas traditional analgesia involves parenteral opioids, regional nerve blockade for femoral fractures have been demonstrated to be effective when performed by physicians. Regional peripheral nerve blockade performed by paramedics may be suitable in the prehospital setting...
May 2015: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Mingjian Kong, Ran Guo, Jianqing Chen, Peng Li, Zhen Wu
The aim of this study was to compare the analgesic efficacy of the ultrasound-guided block of femoral nerve or fascia iliaca compartment in patients who underwent patella fracture surgery. Fifty patients were blinded and randomized into groups treated with continuous fascia iliaca compartment block (CFICB) (n = 25) or continuous femoral nerve block (CFNB) (n = 25) after patella fracture surgery. Analgesic effects of the two methods were assessed and compared. Patients from the two groups showed no significant difference in visible analog scales at rest and during movement, fentanyl consumption, nausea, and vomiting...
June 2015: Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics
Süleyman Deniz, Abdulkadir Atım, Mustafa Kürklü, Tuncer Çaycı, Ercan Kurt
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to compare the postoperative analgesic efficiency of an ultrasound-guided fascia iliaca compartment block and a 3 in 1 block in patients who underwent hip prosthesis surgery as a result of hip fracture. METHODS: With approval from the local ethics committee, 70 patients, aged 20 to 80, undergoing hip prosthesis surgery under elective conditions were included in this randomized, prospective, controlled study. They were informed of the patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) device and visual analog scale (VAS)...
2014: Aǧrı: Ağrı (Algoloji) Derneği'nin Yayın Organıdır, the Journal of the Turkish Society of Algology
Marina Temelkovska-Stevanovska, Vesna Durnev, Marija Jovanovski-Srceva, Maja Mojsova-Mijovska, Sime Trpeski
INTRODUCTION: Systemic postoperative analgesia is inefficient in most patients with hip fracture, which is the reason for pain, especially during leg movement. Peripheral and plexus nerve blocks are an efficient option for postoperative pain relief. The aim of this study was to compare the effect and duration of continuous FNB versus a single FIC block as a postoperative analgesia in patients with hip fracture. METHODS: Sixty patients with hip fracture were included and were randomly assigned to two groups of 30 patients: FNB group - patients with continuous femoral nerve block; and FIC group -patients with a single fascia iliaca compartment block...
2014: Prilozi (Makedonska Akademija Na Naukite i Umetnostite. Oddelenie za Medicinski Nauki)
Ümit Kaldirim, Ümit Yolcu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2015: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
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